Flexible system for production of moulded food products of various types, in particular, chocolate and similar products
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: system for production of multiple types of food products that may be differed from each other in terms of configuration and/or composition; the system contains a container (2) for transportation of multiple moulds (M) placed on it along multiple work places (S1-S16). Each mould (M) is equipped with a corresponding electronic ID device (T) including memory devices (4). Each work place (S1-S16) is equipped with at least one corresponding electronic unit (A-E) including a processor (9) connected to the memory devices (10) and at least one antenna or a similar device (15) and is designed to be able to read information or data and/or to record information or data to the memory devices (4) of the mould (M). The initial input work place (S1) transfers or records to the memory devices (4) information on identification of products (P) moulded in the mould (M) while the electronic unit of each additional work place (S3, S6 …) can selectively modify the execution mode, of at least one operation in accordance with processing information read from the memory devices (4) wherewith each mould (M) passing through the work place is equipped.
EFFECT: according to the invention the system allows to adapt the process of moulded products production in real time in a flexible manner and in a flexible way on the basis of the specified requirements.
20 cl, 5 dwg
The present invention generally relates to a system for flexible production of a molded food product as set forth in the restrictive part of the first paragraph of the attached formula.
WO 2005/107481 reveals a system of the same type for the production of food for human consumption, molded from a meat mass, such as hamburgers. The known system uses the forming drums of different types, each of which serves for forming the same type of product. Forming drums provided with each lot of end-to-end cavities, and meat weight passes through these cavities under pressure, forming molded products, such as burgers that fall from each forming drum on the underlying conveyor belt.
In the production of various molded food products such as chocolates or chocolates with filling or without it, and so on, these products can often have the same structure, but differ in the properties of one or more components. For example, "the family of products of the same type may have a common structure, including a housing formed of a pair of halves buildings or wafer sheets, covered with the outer shell and containing a filling and dried fruits or nuts. For such a "family" you can obtain differentiated products that differ only in their taste and what Romat, by varying the filling and/or Association caused by dried fruit or nuts (which may represent, for example, bitter almonds, hazelnuts or pistachios) and/or by varying the outer shell or decoration on it, made, for example, the application and/or the introduction of crushed meringue and/or hazelnuts or coke chips (known as "shedding").
To obtain such product families currently used information systems require periodic process for each product or "taste and smell" (using different machines for forming or using the same machine at different times), then these products accumulate and consistently gather for "mixed" packages, for example, if you need the combination of tastes and flavors."
This method is not particularly effective.
The present invention is to create a flexible system for flexible and essentially simultaneous production of many types of molded food products that differ from each other, overcoming the shortcomings of the systems used to date. This and other problems are solved by the system according to the invention according to the first paragraph of the attached claims.
A storage device associated with the forms, preferably attitudeto device type rewritable, and the system also includes a final control workstation validation and cancellation, which can selectively erase the information or data, in each case with storage devices of molds passing through the workplace.
Additional features and advantages of the present invention are explained in the following detailed description, by non-limiting examples with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 - schematic perspective view of a flexible system according to the invention;
Figure 2 is a partial perspective view of the form used in a flexible system according to the invention;
Figure 3 - schematic view of the sequence of operations in a flexible system, shown in figure 1;
4 is a diagram showing the architecture of electronic components installed on different jobs in a flexible system according to the invention; and
5 is a schematic of the system wraps and packaging, which may be associated with a flexible system according to the invention, namely with the system shown in figure 1 and 3.
Figure 1 position 1 shows the entire system of the present invention to flexibly receive many types of molded food products that differ from each other, for example, the shape and/or composition.
In the illustrate example, the option izaberete the Oia system 1 comprises a conveyor 2 with a sequence of many forms of M along essentially hook-shaped production line, where there are many jobs or devices S1-S16, each of which is designed for holding at least one corresponding operation.
According illustrating the example in figure 2, each M has a corresponding set of slots or cells 3 for forming the respective molded products such as chocolates with fillings and the like.
Each form M provided with the appropriate electronic identification device, as indicated generally under T in figure 2. This device, which may be an RFID tag includes an integrated electronic storage device 4, which reads the information or data on which is recorded information or data and, if necessary, re-written without contact via the antenna 5 or similar device. Identification device T, associated with each form M may also include a microprocessor 6 and, if required, one or more sensors 7 to provide electrical signals that serve to transfer the relevant physical and/or chemical parameters that are monitored, such as temperature or moisture content, this indicator recorded on the installed storage device 4 and/or transmitted directly to the electronic control unit of one or more workplace S1-S16, which is described below in figure 4.
Identification device T is shown in position bordering the form M, but it can also be mounted or embedded in other ways in the form for casting.
The channel interface 8 may be placed between the antenna 5 and the microprocessor 6, if the latter is present.
The illustration in figure 1 shows sixteen jobs S1-S16, each of which is provided with the appropriate electronic unit, which, as described in more detail below, includes a processor associated with the storage devices and at least one antenna or similar device. This processor is made for reading information or data and/or recording of information or data on the storage device 4 of each form M passing through the workplace.
In particular, workplace S1 is an initial workspace input. It is equipped with an electronic block a in figure 1 and 4. This device includes a processor 9 with the respective storage devices 10. The processor 9 is connected to the communication line 12 for transmitting data in the internal network interface 11.
The microprocessor 9 is associated with at least one antenna 15 or similar device through the transmitting interface, indicated generally as 13.
The electronic unit is A workplace initial input S1 receives commands to receive product from in the morning network according mixtures through a communication line 12. This electronic unit A is made to send or write to the storage device 4 mounted on each form M, passing through it, corresponding to the operational information, which defines molded in the form of products and related operations stuffing.
For work space S1 is workplace S2, which in illustrating example is the work place for heating forms M. Also in the workplace is an electronic unit, indicated generally as B in figure 1 and 4. This electronic unit has an architecture similar to that of block A, and also includes a processor 9, associated with the storage device 10, the transmitting/receiving interface 13, and at least one antenna 15 or similar device. The electronic unit B may also include (at least) sensor 16 for providing electrical signals that are used to estimate the physical and/or chemical parameter that is being monitored, in particular temperature to which the heated form m can Then be engaged processor 9, in particular, to record a certain measure of this parameter on the storage device 4 mounted on the form M, during their passage through the workplace S2, and/or for transmission of this indicator on the receiving block is or blocks workplace validation and cancellation S16.
As indicated in figure 1, the workplace S3 is located below the working space S2, and includes a machine for casting, which, as schematically shown in Figure 3, pours a specified amount or dose, for example, chocolate without additives indicated as 17 in figure 3, in nests or cells 3 forms M.
Workstation or device S3 is connected with the electronic unit, indicated as C in figure 1 and 4. The electronic unit C also has a structure similar to that of the blocks A and B, as described above. Consequently, includes a processor 9, associated with the storage device 10, transmitting-receiving interface 13 and at least one antenna 15 or similar device.
Workplace or machine S3 can be a machine of this type, which can choose in a controlled manner from a set of predefined methods of forming various types of food suitable method of molding product. Accordingly, the electronic unit C is made for the selective modification of the method of carrying out at least one of the operations based on operational information unit reads from the storage device 4 installed on each form M, passing through it, or on the basis of information transmitted by electronic block end workplace S16. The processor 9 unit C is connected properly with one or more sensors, made for about the especiany electrical signals to assess their respective physical and/or chemical parameters, which are monitored, such as the temperature of the molded material, and the like. If required, these values can be written in block C on the storage device 4 mounted on various forms of M passing through the workplace S3, and/or may be transferred to the destination workstation S16. Thus, the data recorded on the storage device of molds may be used, for example, to write the suitability of products, molded, for subsequent operations with the aim of forming products with different "flavours".
If the machine S3 can be selectively cast products of various types, for example, plain chocolate, milk chocolate, white chocolate, and the like, installed unit C may include an input device 17, in which the operator enters the source identification data products, which loads in the workplace or car, S3, and which therefore can be cast in the form m Device 17 is connected to the CPU 9.
Block C can also be performed for data identifying the machine on the storage device 4 forms M, servants for this purpose, with the purpose of operational control.
In the example system of receiving, is shown in figure 1, the workplace runoff S4 is after the station S3, workplace S4 form M are inverted p is the situation, as schematically shown in Figure 3, thus, the excess material flows by gravity 17, which was cast earlier. After draining, the so-called "case" 18, a molded product molded in the workplace S3 remains on the walls of each slot or cell 3.
Workplace S4 is also equipped with an electronic unit, designated as D in figure 1 and 4. This unit has a structure similar to that of the electronic components A and B, as described above.
At the work place S4 is cooling workplace S5, in which case 18, formed in each slot or cell forms for casting, utverjdayut decrease in the temperature.
Workplace S5 is equipped with an electronic unit, for example, a block of type B, as described above.
After workplace S5 is the additional workplace S6, similar to the foregoing workplace S3, and made for the fill material 19 with the formation of the second shell in each slot or cell forms M (Figure 3).
At the work place S6 is the additional workplace runoff S7, similar workplace S4, which, like the S4, equipped with an electronic unit type D, as described above. In the runoff held on workplace S7, the second housing 20 is formed in each slot or cell forms M on the upper housing 18, formed earlier.
Material 19 cast in the workplace S6, which may be identical or different from the material cast in the workplace casting S3.
If you want, can be formed of an additional building or layers using materials identical to or different from that used to do this previously, additional jobs, which are not shown in figures 1 and 3.
The following workplace, as specified S8, products 21, which can selectively be different from one another, such as hazelnut or cherries, seeded in cell forms M (Figure 3). This position S8 is equipped with an electronic unit, which can represent, for example, a block of type D, as described above. This electronic unit, in particular, can be made to record on the storage device 4 forms for castings used for this, or to send directly to the workplace S16 validation and cancellation information or data identifying the batches of products 21, otsuzhennye in a separate form, and the end result of each individual operation. Therefore, for example, if the form M has not received into each cell hazelnuts, the fact that this operation is denied, and the result is written to the storage device 4 forms and, therefore, this form will be "rejected".
The following workplace S9 material filling 22 seeded in nests or cells forms M, then the material level on the subsequent workplace vibration S10.
R is working places S9 and S10 with corresponding electronic units types C and D, respectively. Then there is the working place for more casting S11, at which the material 23 is poured for the formation of the upper part, which closes chocolates with fillings formed in each cell forms. Material 23 is, for example, chocolate without additives or similar type of chocolate. Workplace casting 11, like any of the preceding, is equipped with an electronic unit type C.
At the work place casting S11 is workplace scraping S12, which polishes by scraping the upper part 23 of chocolates. Workplace S12 is equipped with an electronic unit type D.
After workplace S12 is the working place of the cooling S13, like a workplace S5, as described above. Workplace S13 is equipped with an electronic unit type B.
Figures 1 and 3 S14 designated workstation on which forms are subjected to vibration for subsequent removal from products P, molded in them. This workstation is equipped with an electronic unit type D.
Finally, then there is the working place of extraction from forms S15, at which the products P are separated from the respective sockets of the form M and transported on pallets V by auxiliary conveyor 30 to jobs wraps and packaging, as described above.
Each of the trays V also preferably may be provided with the appropriate electrical energy is authorized identification device, includes a storage device, which (re) write information or data and which reads the information or data through the antenna or similar device. Workplace extract form S15 is equipped with an electronic unit type D, for example, is made to write to a storage device associated with the pallet V, information or data relating to the packaging of products transported on these pallets.
Then the auxiliary conveyor 30 (Fig 1) transports the pallets V products P on jobs wrapping and packaging in which the products P can be, for example, individually wrapped and then packaged groups in suitable packaging, as shown schematically in the lower part of Figure 5.
Figure 5 position 24 marked on the whole line, including the workplace S25 for the collection and sorting of individual products P from V pallets delivered by conveyor 30. Workplace S25 is equipped with an electronic unit E, similar to the above unit, and is also listed as E. This unit is made to retrieve information from storage devices incoming pallets V through an antenna or similar device, "mapping data" about the location of different types of product P delivered these pallets. Workplace S25, therefore, can identify the position of each individual cont the KTA on each incoming pallet V and can be selectively sent to the appropriate jobs wraps S26 or S27, or S28 or S29, according to the type (shape and/or taste and aroma"of the product when using the respective conveyor lines 26a-29a. Each of the machines to wrap S26-S29 provided with at least one roll 26b-29b strip of material to wrap, which is adapted, for example, by material and/or color and/or design to match with the corresponding type of product. Therefore, for example, products stuffed with hazelnuts can be wrapped in brown material, while the products stuffed with pistachios wrapped in green material, and the like. In a variant of the invention shown in the example in Figure 5, wrapped products P then served when using the conveyor belt 31 to the workplace packing S32, which transports these products in the same group or set of mixed groups in a package or box 33, delivered by the conveyor 34. Machine or workstation 32 is also preferably provided with a control electronic unit G, connected to the device 35, such as video cameras and the like, to identify incoming wrapped products. E block G also monitors the composition of the groups of products according to the specified range.
In an alternative embodiment of the invention (not shown) products P, wrapped in working places S26-S29, can be usazeny these machines in homogeneous the s group, or the specified range of additional pallets similar to the above. Then these additional pallets transported to the workplace packaging that is similar to the workplace 32, as described above, and is equipped with an electronic unit, which through an antenna or similar device reads from storage devices installed on these additional pallets, layout wrapped products delivered to them. Then this electronic unit includes workplace package for receiving packages from the specified range.
Figure 1 S16 indicates the destination workstation validation and cancellation, equipped with an electronic unit, designated as E in figure 1 and 4. This block structure is similar to the block A workplace input S1. Block E end workplace S16 is executed to read from the storage device 4 forms M, passing through it, information or data relating to the characteristics of the products formed in them, together with information on the exact position of each individual cell for the transfer of this information or data in the internal network when using the communication interface 11 and the communication line 12. Data transmitted in this manner can be stored in the archive of the company to guarantee traceability for products and process, and for subsequent use in the later stages of the process is and obtain, for example the stages of packaging and storage.
Alternatively, the final control workstation S16 may be positioned at the beginning or end of packing line 24 Figure 5.
Additional operation, which can be designed block E end workplace S16 made accordingly for the selective erase in the storage device 4 forms M, or V pallets, or above additional pallets, if present, of all information that is no longer necessary, as relates to the previous production cycle.
In a variant of the invention the functions of validation and cancellation can be performed workplace S15 figure 1, and in this case, information concerning the operations of wrapping and packaging, may be processed by the destination workspace on-line wrapping and packaging.
Although the illustration in figure 1 shows the working place for starting the Sl and the workplace S16 validation and cancellation, as a separate and labeled separately, in fact, these jobs can be executed in the form of a single workplace, made to perform all functions as described above. Information or data is different for each form M and set her identification device stores without the possibility of removal (in other words, read-only) on the storage device is 4 identification device T, installed on each form M.
Information or data on the number of production cycles and/or specific operations, which was the appropriate form of M, is also stored with updates to the storage device 4 (in other words available for reading and rewriting).
The electronic unit is mounted on each of the different jobs performed for recording information or evidence about their authenticity, to the storage device 4 forms for casting passing through the workplace.
E-blocks at least some of the above jobs can be performed for recording on the storage device 4 forms M, passing through them, information or data indicating the passage of operations in which those jobs were used these forms for casting, and/or transmission of specified information directly to the workplace S16 validation and cancel.
Accordingly, electronic components other jobs performed appropriately for operations only after reading from the storage device 4 forms M information indicating a positive result of at least one predetermined operation performed at the previous workplace, or only after permission has been obtained from the Manager working the first place (S16 or another).
The electronic unit is installed on the workstation, such as workstation castings made to ensure the material to a specific party for a form for casting, made to record on a memory device mounted on the mould, information or data identifying the material supplied and/or characteristics, and/or origin of the party.
The electronic unit is mounted on one or more of the workplace, can be connected to the system determine the status of molds, making it unsuitable for use (for example, dirty form for casting), and can be made to record on the storage device 4 forms of information or data to prevent the use of this form subsequent working places.
The system of the present invention allows a flexible many types of molded products, which differ from one another.
For this purpose, the working place of the initial input S1 sends or writes to the storage device 4 of each form M information processing, which fully identifies the specific molded in the forms of products and appropriate operation of the molding. Based on this operational information subsequent jobs are activated or not activated and conduct operations, sootvetstvujusjie products being formed in each mould.
Therefore, the retrieval process can be adapted in real time in a flexible manner by flexible to the requirements of the process of obtaining and producing company, therefore allowing you to circumvent the rigidities of traditional systems produce a consistent homogeneous parties.
When flexible system according to the invention, each form can be used to produce a particular product, in the sense that each product formed in each case in all the nests or cells of molds.
In a variant of the invention, in at least some forms of M can be formed of various products, in other words, the products of diversifitsirovany in a single form specified in the specific provisions of the form. In this case, the working place of the initial input S1 is made to write to the storage device 4 mounted on each of these forms for casting, information for forming concrete products in each of the specified position and the respective molding operation.
Thus, it can be further enhanced flexibility of the retrieval process.
Specialist in the field of engineering that applies the present invention, it should be understood that it is not limited to the above-described variants of its embodiment, which can be widely varied, in private the tee, in the details of construction, and is provided only to illustrate the present invention.
1. The system (1) produce many types of food products (P), which may differ from each other, for example, its configuration and/or composition, in particular based products chocolate and similar products containing
many forms (M), each of which has many buildings (3)made for education, respectively molded products,
the conveyor (2) to sequentially transport a variety of forms (M) along a given production path, on which there are many jobs (S1-S16), each of which can perform at least one corresponding operation;
each form (M) is the corresponding electronic identification device (T)that includes a storage device (4), from which data can be read or information on which data can be written or contactless information through antenna or similar device;
each workplace (S1-S16) is provided with at least one corresponding electronic unit (a-E), including the processor (9)associated with the storage devices (10) and at least one antenna or similar device (15), and
made for reading information or data and/or for recording and the formation or data storage device (4) of the form (M), passing through jobs (S1-S16);
moreover, the system (1) includes
at least one primary workplace is input (S1), and at least one intermediate work station (S3, S6 ...)made with the possibility of selective control in the given modes for the formation of the corresponding multiple products of different types of buildings (3) of the above forms (M), and the electronic unit (C) of this workplace are made for selective changing of execution mode of at least one of its operations in accordance with operational information read from the storage device (4)associated with each form (4)passing through it workplace; characterized in that
the electronic unit (A) initial workplace input (S1) is performed for transmission or recording on a storage device (4) each form (M)passing through it workplace, operative information that identifies the products (P)from the form (M), and on the respective forming operations;
at least some of the form (M) is made with the possibility of forming different products in specific selected areas of these forms, and
specified workstation input (S1) is made to write to a storage device (4)associated with the specified at least some forms, information indicating the specific products subject to f is romaniw in each of these areas and the respective molding operation.
2. The system according to claim 1, in which the storage device (4)associated with the form (M), are devices rewritable, and the system (1) also includes a final control workstation validation and cancellation (S16), which can selectively erase the information or data in a storage device (4) each form (M)passing through this position, to allow the use of storage devices (4) in subsequent cycles of production.
3. The system according to claim 2, in which the electronic unit (C) at least one intermediate work space (S3, S6 ...) can be selectively change the mode of performing at least one operation on the basis of information transmitted by electronic unit (S) specified destination workplace (S16), and/or store and/or transfer of interest information in a given communication network.
4. The system according to claim 2, in which the end of the working place (S16) is located near or combined with workplace initial input (S1).
5. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, in which information or data that distinguish the form (M) and the associated identification device (T), are stored in readable form on a storage device (4) identification devices (T), is installed on each form (M).
6. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, in which information or data is increased is audemus the number of production cycles and/or specific operations which was subjected to the form (M), stored with updates in a storage device (4)associated with each form (M).
7. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, in which the identification device (T)associated with each form (M), further includes at least one sensor (7) for supplying electrical signals indicating a value corresponding to the monitored physical and/or chemical parameters, and this value is written to the storage device (4)associated with the form (M), and/or transmitted to a control unit (E) managing workplace (S16).
8. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, in which the electronic unit is one or more of the workplace (S1-S16) is performed for recording identifying information or data in the storage device (4) forms (M)passing through this workspace.
9. The system of claim 8, in which the electronic unit is one or more of the workplace (S1-S16) is performed for recording in the storage device (4) forms (M) and/or transmission to the electronic control unit (E) managing workplace (S16) information or data indicating the result of operations, which form (M) was subjected in this workplace.
10. The system according to claim 9, in which the electronic unit of the workplace (S3, S6...) is made to conduct an examination of the form (M) after reading from the storage device (4) is an ORM (M) information indicating a positive result of at least one predetermined operation performed at the previous workplace, and/or follow-up enabling signal sent from the Manager of the work place (S16).
11. The system of claim 8, in which the electronic unit of the workplace (S3, S6...) to provide material specified party for the form (M), is performed for recording information or data identifying the party in a storage device (4) this form (M).
12. The system according to claim 11, in which the electronic block of one or more specified jobs (S3, S6 ...) made for recording information or data identifying the party on the storage device (4) of the form (M)passing through these jobs.
13. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4 and 9-12, in which the electronic unit of the workplace (S2, S5,...) is connected with at least one sensor (16) for supplying electrical signals indicating a value corresponding to the monitored physical and/or chemical parameters, and the specified block is made to write the specified value in the storage device (4) of the form (M)passing through this workstation, and/or to transfer this value to the electronic control unit (E) managing workplace (S16).
14. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4 and 9-12, in which the electronic unit workplace performed to detect the state of the form (M), making it n is suitable for use, and, in this case, for recording in the storage device (4) of the form (M) and/or for transmission to the electronic control unit (E) managing workplace information or data to prevent the use of this form (M) subsequent working places.
15. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4 and 9-12, including at least one workstation extraction form (S15), on which the finished products (P) is separated from the corresponding slots (3) of the form (M) and transported on pallets (V) via the auxiliary conveyor (30) towards the places of work of wrapping and packaging; and each of these pallets (V) equipped with the appropriate electronic identification device that includes a storage device that can be (re)written information or data, and which can be read information or data through antenna or similar device; however, the electronic unit (D) workplace extraction form (S15) is performed for recording in a storage device associated with pallets (V)information or data relating to the modes of packaging products (P)transported on these pallets (V).
16. The system of clause 15, further containing a workplace (S25, S26-S29) for the collection, sorting and wrapping products from pallets (V)delivered by the auxiliary conveyor (30), and the specified working IU the (S25, S26-S29) equipped with an electronic control unit E to identify pallets (V) and the provisions of the individual products (P)contained in them, and for the selective sorting of these products (P) on the appropriate machines for wrapping (S26-S29) in accordance with instructions received from the Manager of the workplace (S16).
17. System according to clause 16, in which the machine for wrapping (S26-S29) is made for feeding the wrapped products (P) in order to additional pallets to be transported to the workplace package (S32), which is performed for filling packages of the specified range of the specified products (P).
18. System according to clause 16, in which the machine for wrapping (S26-S29) is performed for the filing of wrapped products (P) on a conveyor belt (26a-29A; 31) for submission to the working place packing (S32)is performed for filling packages (33) the specified range of the specified products (P).
19. System according to clause 16, in which the machine for wrapping (S26-S29) is performed for the filing of wrapped products (P) on a conveyor belt (26a-29A; 31) in such a way that the specified products (P) are transported on the conveyor bulk of the work place packing (S32), equipped with means of identification (35) for the recognition of these products (P) with selective combining for filling packages (33)containing the specified range.<> 20. System according to any one of claims 1 to 4, and 9-12 and 16-19, further comprising end workstation (S16)made to collect from the mass storage device (4) forms (M) and a transmission device for storing information data related to molded products (P) and related transactions, and any necessary additional information or data that can be used to track products and their components and/or tracking process.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for remote monitoring of the state of patients. A medical service network (10) is provided in an environment in which daily individual attention is useful for chronic patients requiring medical care. Each patient receives a user interface device (12) such as a set-top box for accessing the network (10). Based on the medical history of the patient, a nurse or other healthcare worker interacts with a server (22) and draws a service schedule specifically for the given patient by filling the appropriate parts of the service schedule form. A routing processor (32) orders the content thoroughly selected from the patient service schedule and creates a sequentially ordered route for the patient which must be executed everyday. The patient enters the network (10) and is immediately presented the daily route without the need to navigate any menu. As a result, the patient will carry out a simpler action and will not miss any material.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities of providing patients with the necessary information without creating a health service network.
23 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: control system includes a computing device adapted to receive feedback signals from each of a plurality of control valves. The method comprises the following steps: connecting a test device to the control system such that the test device is connected for signal transmission to the computing device; transmitting a signal to the computing device simulating a feedback signal from at least one of the control valves; detecting a control signal which is transmitted by the computing device to the at least one of the control valves; and identifying the detected control signal which is transmitted by the computing device to the control valve.
EFFECT: easier testing process.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method covers construction material cured layer-by-layer by gas laser beam at points of every layer across object cross-section. Laser power is measured to control it in compliance with measured value. Note here that power is measured in time interval wherein power varies to control laser input control signal in compliance with measured values.
EFFECT: higher quality.
16 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises the following steps: placing the electronic module in the immediate vicinity of said device, using the electronic module to detect measurable signals generated in response to an action taking place inside the device, and using the storage medium of the electronic module to store information associated with the measurable signals or display thereof.
EFFECT: providing an apparatus capable of monitoring the entire operation of standard devices for administering medication.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: method for virtualisation of terminal systems comprises a main operating system, a first guest operating system hosted in a first virtual machine, and a second guest operating system hosted in a second virtual machine, and includes steps for: receiving a fist graph API call; processing said graph API call; receiving a second graph API call; processing said second graph API call; images are composed by component, which contain the processed graph API call and the processed second graph API call, and the images are displayed on display devices; an input-output API call is received for processing input by a controller; the input-output API call is processed the input-output component of the virtual machine monitor; the input-output API call is received for processing the input-output controller.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities of a terminal control system owing to use of additional controllers in the system for inputting information and creating access channels for physical video adapters and controllers for input into virtual machines, wherein each virtual machine corresponds to a unique video adapter and input controller.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: control method comprises steps where: results of comparing estimated values with allowable values and characteristics of changes in each controlled parameter of the object are generated and presented according to rules which are uniform for all parameters, in accordance with which values of conformity features of the estimated and allowable parameter values are calculated; a matrix of the state of the control object is generated, whose elements are assigned calculated values of conformity features; a colour graphic shape is formed; the formed figure is interpreted as the image of the state of the control object in the given time interval.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities and high accuracy of integrated control of the state of a multiparameter object based on different measuring information.
2 dwg, 16 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: optimising example-based computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) is accomplished by clustering volumes-of-interest (VOI) (116) in a database (120) into respective clusters according to subjective assessment of similarity (S220). An optimal set of volume-of-interest (VOI) features is then selected for fetching examples such that objective assessment of similarity, based on the selected features, clusters, in a feature space, the database VOI so as to conform to the subjectively-based clustering (S230). The fetched examples are displayed alongside the VOI to be diagnosed for comparison by the clinician. Preferably, the displayed example is user-selectable for further display of prognosis, therapy information, follow up information, current status, and/or clinical information retrieved from an electronic medical record (S260).
EFFECT: optimising example-based computer-aided diagnosis.
21 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: information technologies.
SUBSTANCE: medical and sanitary care system comprises a server to maintain entertainment content containing multiple sessions, which include intellectual stimuli for at least one patient, monitoring brain activity or physical data of this patient, collecting feedback data, which includes the monitored brain activity and physical data and indicating compliance of this patient with the prescribed plan of the medical and sanitary aid, and a user interface arranged as capable of providing at least one of brain and physical stimuli by providing sessions of the entertainment content to the specified patient, besides, access to these sessions of the entertainment content is permitted or blocked on the basis of the feedback data collected from the specified patient, at the same time the feedback information indicates compliance of the specified patient with the prescribed plan of medical and sanitary aid.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of monitoring over patient's condition.
20 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in addition to AT-III activity level, platelet aggregation and content of products of fibrin and fibrinogen degradation determined are time of coagulation, echitoxic time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, orthophenanthroline, Hageman-dependent fibrinolysis, streptokinase-induced euglubuline fibrinolysis, prothrombin index for any supposed pathology from limited set. For definite pathology analysis and statistical processing of numerical values of hemostasis parameters are carried out, reducing the number of input indices to necessary and sufficient quantity, statistically selected data are supplied on inlet of neuron nets, which are used to carry out formulation of preliminary diagnosis, differentiation of several pathologies and/or prediction of disease outcome. By results of statistical processing non-informative parameters are excluded from symptom complexes of investigated pathology, which results in increase of prognostic reliability of analysis results.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to apply neural network technologies for detection of pathology, diagnosed by means of hemostasis parameters.
1 ex, 3 tbl
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: controlled upscaling method involves conversion of geological model into hydrodynamic one by combination of neighbouring layers. Combination is performed using such parameters of geological model cells as porosity, permeability, length, width, thickness and critical oil and water saturations. Error formed due to combination of pairs of neighbouring layers, for which the error assumes low value, is calculated. Combination of neighbouring layers is repeated (from the number of those ones formed during previous combination) until acceptable error value is obtained. According to invention, in order to improve upscaling and achieve the effect in the form of accuracy increase of calculations on hydrodynamic model, porosity, volume of cells, critical oil and water saturations are used in addition during error calculation, and error is calculated based on the following ratio: where error of individual large cells JI during combination of pairs of neighbouring layers is calculated by formula JI=0.5(JI,1+JI,2),
where Vp=φV(1-Swc-Sor) - flexible threshold cell volume, φ - cell porosity, V - cell geometrical volume, Swc, Sor - values of critical oil and water saturations in a cell, xm - orthogonal coordinates (m=1, 2, 3), Δxm - cell dimension along m-axis of orthogonal coordinate system (m=1, 2), km - permeability along m-coordinate, Tm - conductivity along m-coordinate, JI,m - error of large I-cell along m-coordinate, Tm,i3, km,i3, Δsm,i3, Δxm,i3 - values referring to small i3-cell represent conductivity, permeability, cross-section area and dimension along xm coordinate respectively, (m=1, 2), n3 -number of small cells in a large cell in vertical direction, - error of hydrodynamic model containing N layers, - error of the first layer, JI,1 I - error of the first large cell referring to the first layer of hydrodynamic model, which has been formed as a result of combination of small cells with numbers of i3s(l) to i3e(l) along x3 axis. The obtained effect is achieved by interrelated set of all sufficient characteristics of the proposed subject.
EFFECT: use of invention will allow improving the speed and objectivity of upscaling procedure, as well as decreasing calculation error; invention can be used as automated tool during performance of upscaling procedure and sensitivity analysis of geological hydrodynamic model to combination of its layers.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a data support system (1) for handling processes based on electronic data exchange to obtain information (37, 39) for handling processes (2). Information is obtained (34) through at least one application subsystem (24), which enables to obtain information (37, 39), relating to the present situation (situational information). Information for handling processes (2) is obtained (34) through at least one application subsystem (24).
EFFECT: providing situational data for a process and scheduling, and the user of an information support system is less burdened from the qualified process of obtaining information.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method for making online programme changes in an automation system, wherein online programme changes are made by loading new programme parts into the CPU of the automation system, where a current application programme is currently running, in order to prepare a new application programme, and where in order to prevent overloading of the CPU, final switching is made to the new application programme only after it is determined, by monitoring the first processing of all the programme cycles of the new application programme, that the CPU has not been overloaded.
EFFECT: high reliability of the automation system owing to monitoring CPU overloading.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: in the automation system, automation processors are connected to the system bus EN which is based on an Ethernet interface in form of an annular structure of series-connected network switches, each of two backed up automation processors is connected to network switches of the bus EN on two channels, on one channel to one switch and on the other channel to the other switch; backed up automation processors are connected to each other on separate serial interfaces and are fitted with means of controlling hot backup; input/output stations are backed up and contain backed up SP modules connected in pairs over signalling lines, fitted with means of controlling hot backup, and on two backed up interface modules connected to each other on separate serial interfaces with means of controlling hot backup; backed up automation processors are connected to interface modules of input/output stations over a backup bus ENL which is based on Industrial Ethernet with a radial communication topology.
EFFECT: high reliability, fast switching to backup equipment, freeing computational resources from the task of controlling backup.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: in the software-hardware system for controlling technological processes, automation processors are connected to an EN system bus which is based on the Industrial Ethernet interface in form of a ring structure of series-connected network switches, over two channels; the automation processors are connected to input/output stations having an interface module and modules for communication with the technological process; the automation processors are connected to the interface modules of the input/output stations over an ENL bus which is based on Industrial Ethernet with a radial connection topology and ensuring the minimum possible data exchange time for the Industrial Ethernet; the interface module of the input/output station is connected to each module for communication with the technological process over a separate serial interface of the input/output bus; automation processors also have channels for connecting to ENS buses based on Industrial Ethernet on a ring connection topology for constructing multiply backed-up systems.
EFFECT: high reliability of the system bus, high rate of collecting technological process data and high fault-tolerance.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: control device for a process control loop has a housing (50) which can be clamped during the production process. The circuit (62) of the loop interface is connected to the process control loop (18) and receives data from the process control loop (18). Memory (64) stores data received by the circuit (62) of the loop interface from the process control loop (18).
EFFECT: simple process of controlling production processes.
25 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: process device (34, 360, 500, 600) consists of controller (36, 362) and wireless communication module (32, 366, 506). Wireless communication module (32, 366, 506) is connected to controller (36, 362). There provided is electric power generating module (38, 365, 508, 602, 604, 620) that generates electricity for process device. Electric power generating module (38, 365, 508, 602, 604, 620) can be located inside process device or can be a separate unit connected to it.
EFFECT: improving of power supply reliability.
2 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system for controlling and monitoring a distribution cabinet with at least one distribution cabinet (G1…Gn), control and monitoring device (US, US1) and a servicing and information system, having user components for remote servicing, as well as components for processing data, transmitting data and memory, and also has a user support device and a configuration device. The servicing and information system also has in the provider device (RS), a scheduling device for assembling by choice at least one distribution cabinet with distribution cabinet components to obtain a separate user installation (NA, NA1), containing proposed data of different distribution cabinets (G1…Gn) and distribution cabinet components, in which the selected configuration can be extracted from at least one distribution cabinet and scheduling data relating to distribution cabinet components.
EFFECT: provision for separately set up and distinct simple servicing of a system.
6 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a method of configuring a specific group of plasma processing apparatus with multiple modules, which involves provision for a set of files for defining module options, where the files for defining the module options contain main configuration definitions for the main group of plasma processing apparatus, provision for a set of protective information for specific apparatus, where the protective information for specific apparatus contains data which particularly define that group of plasma processing apparatus for which configuration is meant, and provision for set of option specifications for specific apparatus. The set of option specifications for specific apparatus indicates options defined for a specific group of plasma processing apparatus. The method also involves generation of a key file, where key file encapsulates restrictions on configuring a specific group of plasma processing apparatus. The key file is configured in such a way that it necessary when choosing configuration of a specific plasma apparatus.
EFFECT: universal tool for configuring grouped apparatus.
7 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in the method, process and video data relating to operation of an element of equipment are received and temporarily registered and stored in a sliding window which includes a set of different time moments. When a predefined operation condition of interest is detected relative the element of equipment, at least part of data which are currently in the sliding window is stored for a long time with possibility of reproducing such data which are available for subsequent analysis. The collection device includes the following: apparatus for entering process data for receiving a stream of process data; apparatus for entering video data for receiving a stream of video data; two memory units for receiving process data and video data and for temporary storage; apparatus for triggering depending on the operation condition for receiving trigger information, a trigger unit for recording data.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities owing to possibility of automated registration of information which corresponds to the future state of controlled operation conditions without participation of an information registration operator.
33 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device (10) and method are proposed for electric energy transfer from circuit (12) of information exchange about processes in field busbar, at least to one other circuit (24) of information exchanges on processes, which operates in compliance with other protocol of data exchange on processes. Device (10) of energy transfer connects to circuit (12) of information exchange on processes in field busbar and to the second circuit (24) of information exchange on processes. Device (10) of energy transfer is fully supplied from circuit (12) of information exchange on processes in field busbar and is configured to supply at least some energy for the second circuit (12) of information exchange on processes.
EFFECT: reliability improvement.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: this invention covers production method of ready-to-cooking formed foodstuff from single deeply frozen slabs of vegetables, including rice and potatoes, fruits, meat, poultry, terrine, fish or seafood, dough or bakery products, or a combination of any abovementioned. This method provides preparation of raw materials from single deeply frozen slabs, its continuous and discontinuous feed to forming chamber according to final product form and its forming from deeply frozen raw materials of frozen final products prepared for heating by raw materials pressing in the forming chamber.
EFFECT: production of formed foodstuff which is not subject to decomposition during heating.