Method of erect structures resistant to damage by earthquakes and device for its realisation

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures resistance to damage in case of earthquakes consists in the fact that a foundation, walls and pillars are mounted. Besides, the first ""-shaped reinforcement sections are built into a structure foundation with placed compensation corrugated sleeves, as well as the first sections of reinforced pipes with lock half-couplings with placed compensation corrugated sleeves, so that upper lock half-couplings with inbuilt elastic reinforcement and inbuilt arms of ""-shaped reinforcement sections are installed along the middle line of the first row of walls and pillars of the first floor of the structure; vertical reinforcement frames are built, by connection of the upper inbuilt arms installed into the structure foundation of the first ""-shaped reinforcement sections with the second ""-shaped reinforcement sections, for this purpose their inbuilt arms are connected by connection bushings; the first sections of reinforcement pipes are built, by connection of the first sections of reinforcement pipes installed into the foundation with the second sections, for this purpose inbuilt lock half-couplings with the inbuilt elastic reinforcement of the first sections of reinforcement pipes with inbuilt lock half-couplings with the elastic inbuilt reinforcement of the second sections of reinforcement pipes, where compensation corrugated sleeves are placed, besides, upper inbuilt arms of the second ""-shaped reinforcement sleeves and upper inbuilt lock half-couplings with the inbuilt elastic reinforcement of the second sections of reinforcement pipes are installed so that they are installed along the horizontal middle line of the second row of walls and pillars of the structure; after assembly of sections of the first rows of remaining wall falsework and first floor pillars of the structure with fixation in the form of a "dovetail" around them, sealing of slots, their filling with concrete on the basis of high-grade cement, hardening of a concrete filler, application of the substance layer having strength below strength of a concrete filler onto the surface of the latter. To arrange subsequent layers of a structure, operations are repeated. Similarly to the described above, the second floor of the structure is arranged, as well as its ceiling, and then subsequent floors and ceilings of the structure until it is fully erected. Also a device for method realisation is described.

EFFECT: increased stability under earthquakes.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction industry and can be used for construction of various structures of industrial and civil construction in areas prone to earthquakes.

There is a method of construction according to the patent RU 2007122556 AND consisting in the fact that mount reinforced concrete frame structures, mounted the walls with doors and Windows.

The disadvantage of this method is the low resistance to earthquakes.

The technical result of the present invention is to increase the resistance to earthquakes.

This is achieved by the fact that in the Foundation of a building zamonolichivajut first ""-shaped reinforcing partition worn on their compensation corrugated stockings and the first section of pipe fittings with locking coupling with wearing them compensation corrugated stockings, so that the upper locking coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic fittings and zamonolichivanie shoulders ""-shaped reinforcing sections were mounted along the horizontal center line of the first row of the walls and columns of the first floor facilities; increasing vertical reinforcing cages by connecting the upper seminolecounty shoulders are installed in the Foundation of the construction of the first ""-shaped ARMA the business sections of the second " "-shaped steel sections, which connect them zamonolichivanie shoulders connecting sleeves; increasing the first section of pipe fittings through the connection established in the Foundation of the construction of the first sections of pipe fittings second sections, which connect zamonolichivanie castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve of the first pipe-fittings with zamonolichivanie locking coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie valves of the second sections of pipe fittings, which is also worn compensation corrugated stockings, with the upper zamonolichivanie second shoulders ""-shaped reinforcing sections and the upper zamonolichivanie castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve of the second pipe-valves set so they were installed along the horizontal mid-line of the second row of the walls and columns of the structure; after Assembly around sections of the first rows of the remaining forms of the walls and columns of the first floor construction of shuttering plates with fastening type "swallow's tail", to seal cracks, fill them with concrete, cement based high marks, hardening of the concrete filler, applying to the surface of the last layer of the substance having a strength lower than the strength of the concrete filler; increasing vertical Armat the data frames, through the connection established in the first row of the walls and columns of the structure of the second ""-shaped reinforcing sections third ""-shaped steel sections, which connect them zamonolichivanie shoulders connecting sleeves; increasing the second section of pipe fittings through the connection established in the first row of the walls and columns of the structure of the second sections of pipe fittings and third sections, which connect zamonolichivanie castle coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie valves of the second sections of pipe fittings with seminolecounty locking coupling with elastic reinforcement of third sections of pipe fittings, which is also worn compensation corrugated stockings, and zamonolichivanie upper shoulders of the third ""-shaped reinforcing sections and zamonolichivanie upper locking coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie third valve pipe-valves set so they were installed along the horizontal midline of the third row of the walls and columns of the structure; after performing operations similar to those described above, to produce a second series of walls and columns facilities are increasing vertical reinforcing cages and pipe fittings to perform communications, and then perform the following series of walls and columns is okrujenia, manufactured with the ability to move relative to each other of the walls and columns of the structure during the earthquake together with zamonolichennymi in them parts of the vertical sections of the reinforcement cage and pipe fittings without destroying the plants, as dissolved only made specially weakened layers between the rows of the walls and columns of the structure; similarly described above perform operations for manufacturing the first floor facilities; after you install jacks perform continuous hard ceiling of the first floor, through which on the second floor constructions are the top ""-shaped section of reinforcing cage and the top zamonolichivanie castle coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie fittings pipe fittings that are installed along the horizontal center line of the first row of the second floor facilities; similarly described above perform the second floor of the building and its overlap, and then the subsequent floors and ceilings of buildings up to its full structure.

In the apparatus of the proposed method, this technical result is achieved by the fact that the vertical reinforcing cages constructions consist of ""-shaped reinforcing sections, with a length equal to the height of formwork sections, worn on their comp is zatsionnymi corrugated stockings, zamonolichivanie shoulders are made with the possibility of connection with the relevant zamonolichivanie shoulders adjacent ""-shaped reinforcing sections by means of the coupling sleeves; pipe fittings for the installation of communications consist of sections of pipe fittings length equal to the height of formwork sections, worn on their compensation corrugated stockings, locking coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve which is arranged to connect with a locking coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve adjacent sections of pipe fittings.

The essence of the invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

- 1 shows a detail of the General form of a vertical reinforcing cage;

- figure 2 - detail of the General form of a pipe-fittings.

The proposed method consists in the following.

After construction of the Foundation, based on tardie layers of soils, prone to devastating earthquakes, zamonolichivajut first ""-shaped reinforcing partition worn on their compensation corrugated stockings and the first section of pipe fittings with locking coupling with wearing them compensation corrugated stockings so that the upper locking coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic fittings and zamonolichivanie shoulders " "-shaped reinforcing sections were mounted along the horizontal center line of the first row of the walls and columns of the first floor facilities; increasing vertical reinforcing cages by connecting the upper seminolecounty shoulders, installed in the Foundation of the construction of the first ""-shaped reinforcing sections of the second ""-shaped steel sections, which connect them zamonolichivanie shoulders connecting sleeves; increasing the first section of pipe fittings through the connection established in the Foundation of the construction of the first sections of pipe fittings second sections, which connect zamonolichivanie castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve of the first pipe-fittings with zamonolichivanie locking coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie valves of the second sections of pipe fittings, which is also worn compensation corrugated stockings, and, the top zamonolichivanie second shoulders ""-shaped reinforcing sections and the upper zamonolichivanie castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve of the second pipe-valves set so they were installed along the horizontal mid-line of the second row of the walls and columns of the structure; after Assembly around sections of the first rows of the remaining forms of the walls and columns of the first floor construction of shuttering plates with fastening type "dovetail", seal cracks, fill them with concrete, cement based high marks, hardening of the concrete filler, applying to the surface of the last layer of the substance having a strength lower than the strength of the concrete filler; increasing vertical reinforcing cages through the connection established in the first row of the walls and columns of the structure of the second ""-shaped reinforcing sections third ""-shaped steel sections, which connect them zamonolichivanie shoulders connecting sleeves; increasing the second section of pipe fittings through the connection established in the first row of the walls and columns of the structure of the second sections of pipe fittings and third sections, which connect zamonolichivanie castle coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie valves of the second sections of pipe fittings with seminolecounty locking coupling with elastic reinforcement of third sections of pipe fittings, which is also worn compensation corrugated stockings, and zamonolichivanie upper shoulders of the third ""-shaped reinforcing sections and zamonolichivanie upper locking coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie third valve pipe-valves set so they were installed along the horizontal midline of the third row of the walls and to the land structures; after performing operations similar to those described above, to produce a second series of walls and columns facilities are increasing vertical reinforcing cages and pipe fittings to perform communications, and then perform the following series of walls and columns structure, manufactured with the ability to move relative to each other of the walls and columns of the structure during the earthquake together with zamonolichennymi in them parts of the vertical sections of the reinforcement cage and pipe fittings without destroying the plants, as dissolved only run specially weakened layers between the rows of the walls and columns of the structure; similarly described above perform operations for manufacturing the first floor facilities; after you install jacks perform solid hard ceiling of the first floor, through which on the second floor constructions are the top ""-shaped section of reinforcing cage and the top zamonolichivanie castle coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie fittings pipe fittings that are installed along the horizontal center line of the first row of the second floor facilities; similarly described above perform the second floor of the building and its overlap, and then the subsequent floors and ceilings of buildings up to its full structure.

The device, habit is Evoe to destruction from earthquakes, contains horizontal rows 1 walls and columns of the structure of durable material, such as concrete made with cement-based high marks with the use of formwork sections; the series 1 walls and columns of buildings divided: layer 2, made of a less durable material, such as mortar made from cement low grades, and the series 1 walls and columns of the construction was made with the possibility of horizontal moving relative to each other in the destruction of the layers 2.

To limit the amplitude of the horizontal movement of the rows I of the walls and columns of the structures relative to each other are vertical reinforcing cages from ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3, length equal to the height of formwork sections with wearing them compensation corrugated stockings 4. ""-shaped reinforcing section 3 have upper 5 and lower 6 shoulders, zamonolichivanie in material series 1 walls and columns of the structure. To connect the top 5 and bottom 6 of the shoulders adjacent the reinforcing sections 3, seminolecounty together in material series 1 walls and columns facilities serve sleeve 7.

Additionally, to limit the amplitude of the horizontal movement series 1 walls and columns of the structures relative to each other during an earthquake are vertical pipes fittings, the main purpose is of which is the laying of vertical communication structures. They consist of sections 8 pipe fittings length equal to the height of formwork sections, worn on their compensation corrugated stockings 9. At the ends of the sections 8 pipe fittings are zamonolichivanie in the material of the walls and columns of the buildings of the upper 10 and lower 11 castle coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie in the material of the walls and columns of the structure of the elastic valves 12 and 13. Zamonolichivanie in the walls and pillars of the construction of the castle coupling halves 10 and 11 are made similar to the coupling of fire hoses.

To implement structures that are resistant to the destructive effects of earthquakes, its Foundation 14 should be based on solid soil layers.

A device that implements the method of construction, resistant to destruction by earthquakes, works as follows.

In the Foundation of the 14 buildings first then embedded ""-shaped reinforcing section 3 worn on their compensation corrugated stockings 4 and the first section 8 pipe fittings from the upper 10 and lower 11 locking the coupling in wearing them compensation corrugated stockings 9 so that the top 10 castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve 12 and the upper zamonolichivanie shoulders 5 ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3 was installed along the horizontal center line of the first is to tier 1 of the walls and columns of the first floor structure; increasing vertical reinforcing cages by connecting the upper seminolecounty shoulders 5, installed in the Foundation of the construction of the first ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3 second ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3, which are connected to their zamonolichivanie upper 5 and lower 6 shoulders connecting sleeves 7; increasing the first section of pipe valve 8 through the connection established in the Foundation of the construction of the first sections 8 pipe fittings second pipe sections 8-valves, which are connected zamonolichivanie top 10 castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve 12 of the first sections 8 pipe fittings with zamonolichivanie the bottom 11 of the locking coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie valve 13 second pipe sections 8-valve, which is also worn compensation corrugated stockings 9, with the top 5 zamonolichivanie second shoulders ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3 and top 10 zamonolichivanie castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve 12 of the second sections 8 pipes-fittings are installed so that they were installed along the horizontal mid-line of the second row 1 of the walls and columns of the structure; after Assembly around sections of the first rows 1 remaining formwork walls and columns of the first floor. which of the shuttering plates with fastening type "dovetail", seal cracks, fill them with a baton on the basis of high-grade cement, curing, concrete filler, applying to the surface of the last layer of the substance having a strength lower than the strength of the concrete filler; increasing vertical reinforcing cages through the connection established in the first row 1 of the walls and columns of sorgenia second ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3 third ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3, which are connected to their zamonolichivanie shoulders connecting sleeves 7; increasing the second section 8 of pipe fittings through the connection established in the first row 1 of the walls and columns of the structure of the second sections 8 pipe fittings third sections 8, which are connected zamonolichivanie top 10 castle coupling with the elastic valve 12 of the second sections 8 pipe fittings with zamonolichivanie bottom 11 locking the coupling with the elastic valve 13 third sections 8 pipe fittings, which is also worn compensation corrugated stockings 9, and zamonolichivanie top 5 third shoulders ""-shaped reinforcing sections 3 and zamonolichivanie top 10 castle coupling with the elastic valve 12 third sections 8 tubes-valves set along the horizontal midline of the third row 1 of the walls and columns of the structure; the village is e operations similar to that described above, for the manufacture of the walls and columns of buildings increasing vertical reinforcing cages and pipe fittings to perform in their communications, and then the following series 1 walls and columns of the structure, manufactured with the ability to move relative to each other series 1 walls and columns of buildings during earthquakes together with zamonolichennymi elements of sections 3 vertical reinforcing cage and sections 8 pipes-fittings without destroying the plants, as dissolved only made specially weakened layers 2 between series 1 walls and columns. Similarly to the above-described operations are performed for manufacturing the first floor facilities; after installation of the jacks is solid hard ceiling of the first floor, through which on the second floor of the buildings appear top ""-shaped section 3 of the reinforcement cage and the top 10 zamonolichivanie castle coupling with elastic fittings 12 pipe fittings that are installed along the horizontal center line of the first row 1 of the second floor facilities; similarly described above is the second floor of the building and its overlap, and then the subsequent floors and ceilings of buildings up to its full structure.

1. The method of construction, resistant to resolution is increased from earthquakes, consisting in the fact that mounted the Foundation, walls, columns, characterized in that the Foundation of a building zamonolichivajut first ""-shaped reinforcing partition worn on their compensation corrugated stockings and the first section of pipe fittings with locking coupling with wearing them compensation corrugated stockings so that the upper locking coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic fittings and zamonolichivanie shoulders ""-shaped reinforcing sections were mounted along the horizontal center line of the first row of the walls and columns of the first floor facilities; increasing vertical reinforcing cages by connecting the upper seminolecounty shoulders are installed in the Foundation of the construction of the first ""-shaped reinforcing sections of the second ""-shaped steel sections, which connect them zamonolichivanie shoulders connecting sleeves; increasing the first section of pipe fittings through the connection established in the Foundation of the construction of the first sections of pipe fittings second sections, which connect zamonolichivanie castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve of the first pipe-fittings with zamonolichivanie locking coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie valve is which sections of pipe fittings, are also worn compensation corrugated stockings, with the upper zamonolichivanie second shoulders ""-shaped reinforcing sections and the upper zamonolichivanie castle coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve of the second pipe-valves set so they were installed along the horizontal mid-line of the second row of the walls and columns of the structure; after Assembly around sections of the first rows of the remaining forms of the walls and columns of the first floor construction of shuttering plates with fastening type "swallow's tail", to seal cracks, fill them with concrete, cement based high marks, hardening of the concrete filler, applying to the surface of the last layer of the substance having a strength lower than the strength of the concrete filler; increasing vertical reinforcing cages, by connecting installed in the first row of the walls and columns of the structure of the second ""-shaped reinforcing sections third ""-shaped steel sections, which connect them zamonolichivanie shoulders connecting sleeves; increasing the second section of pipe fittings through the connection established in the first row of the walls and columns of the structure of the second sections of pipe fittings and third sections, which connect zamonolichivaniem coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie valves of the second sections of pipe fittings with zamonolichivanie locking the coupling with the elastic valve of the third pipe-fittings, are also worn compensation corrugated stockings, and zamonolichivanie upper shoulders of the third ""-shaped reinforcing sections and zamonolichivanie upper locking coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie third valve pipe-valves set so they were installed along the horizontal midline of the third row of the walls and columns of the structure; after performing operations similar to those described above, to produce a second series of walls and columns facilities are increasing vertical reinforcing cages and pipe fittings to perform communications, and then perform the following series of walls and columns structure, manufactured with the ability to move relative to each other of the walls and columns of the structure during the earthquake together with zamonolichennymi in them parts of the vertical sections of the reinforcement cage and pipe-fittings without destroying the plants, as dissolved only made specially weakened layers between the rows of the walls and columns of the structure; similarly described above perform operations for manufacturing the first floor facilities; after you install jacks perform continuous hard ceiling of the first floor, through which on the second floor constructions are the top ""-shaped section Armaturen the th frame and the upper zamonolichivanie castle coupling with elastic zamonolichivanie fittings pipe fittings, which are installed along the horizontal center line of the first row of the second floor facilities; similarly described above perform the second floor of the building and its overlap, and then the subsequent floors and ceilings of buildings up to its full structure.

2. A device that implements the method according to claim 1, containing vertical reinforcing cages, partitioned pipe-fittings, wall formwork sections, belt fittings with locks, dedicated set of tiles of a coverage to create is not destroyed in the earthquake coating walls, characterized in that the vertical reinforcing cages constructions consist of ""-shaped reinforcing sections, with a length equal to the height of formwork sections, worn on their compensation corrugated stockings, zamonolichivanie shoulders are made with the possibility of connection with the relevant zamonolichivanie shoulders adjacent ""-shaped reinforcing sections by means of the coupling sleeves; pipe fittings for the installation of communications consist of sections of pipe fittings length equal to the height of formwork sections, worn on their compensation corrugated stockings, locking coupling with zamonolichivanie elastic valve which is arranged to connect with the castle polum ftame with zamonolichivanie elastic valve adjacent sections of pipe fittings.



 

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EFFECT: higher resistance to earthquakes.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect a monolithic construction structure of a building or a facility, where on a specially prepared foundation, at the first stage of erection, the metal frame is assembled from light steel galvanised thin-walled elements of channel-like shape in cross section. Then outer and inner shields of a stay-in-place form, afterwards the inner space between shields of the stay-in-place form is filled with a gypsum foam concrete filler, which form with the latter after gaining strength a monolithic wall panel, besides, channel-like elements arranged transversely relative to the wall panel are made with perforation punches along the whole length to eliminate a cold bridge in the panel. At the same time the building ceiling is also erected on the basis of some elements of the wall panel, besides, at first a metal frame is assembled and installed, also made of light steel galvanised elements that are thin-walled in cross section, then a wood-cement board is fixed at the bottom to the frame, and the frame is filled with a gypsum foam concrete filler, and after gaining strength, on top at first wooden flooring is installed, and then a protective coating of a glass-magnesite sheet is laid on it.

EFFECT: reduced time of construction, extended operation time, reduced cost of construction, minimised costs for construction materials and higher efficiency of operation.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: non-detachable building formwork comprises a soft shell, with guides arranged inside it, and filled with a hardening solution, besides, the soft shell is arranged in the form of textile sleeves, at the same time neighbouring sleeves are stitched to each other to form a cell for tight arrangement of a guide in it arranged in the form of a stiffening rib. Also a version of non-detachable formwork is described.

EFFECT: cost reduction and acceleration of building erection process.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: standard structural curb block made of fine-grained concrete comprises parallel external face and back longitudinal walls joined by three partitions. Longitudinal walls and connecting partitions are reinforced with common spatial reinforced frame, at the same time extreme end partitions are not concreted, and there is an opening provided in the middle one.

EFFECT: reduction of material and labour expenses for curb works, increased solidity, earthquake resistance, heat and sound insulating properties of building and structure walls, improved quality of works.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: retained folding formwork for construction of cast-in-situ walls includes parallel panels and hinged ties, vertical posts with panel and tie attachment devices located on external side of vertical post throughout their height. Panels of formwork are meshed, hinged ties are attached to vertical posts so that they can be turned in attachment devices, each one is made in the form of a zigzag so that sections inclined in plan view to surfaces of panels and sections in bend area, which are parallel to flat external wall of vertical post and contact it, are formed; at that, two hinged ties adjacent as to height are located in opposite phase relative to each other and fixed on posts in a staggered order. Hinged ties are fixed at one and the same height of opposite posts and located in one and the same plane.

EFFECT: improving stiffening characteristics of formwork system at the concreting stage and increasing the strength of sections of the built construction.

1 dwg

Wall // 2385998

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall comprises concrete pillars that consist of permanent forms made of cellular blocks that create wells for pouring of heavy concrete with previously arranged vertical reinforcements, insulating plates, wall forms of blocks for instance. Foiled insulation is installed in wells of concrete pillars on inner side of erected wall, inside wells there are through horizontal holes previously arranged along wall, where longitudinal anchors are installed, at the same time wooden carcass-frame arranged between concrete pillars is fixed to longitudinal anchors, and ledger strips are fixed to vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame along wall at one or two sides, besides vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame and ledger strips are installed perpendicularly versus each other. Between ledger strips there are insulating plates arranged or mineral insulator having same thickness with ledger strips, and between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame there is a second row of insulating plates or mineral insulator having same thickness with vertical stands. Foiled insulation is installed to the latter, being fixed with the help of ledger strips, or on completion of inner and outer rows of wall curbs and insulating plates installation between ledger strips, insulator fill may be filled between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame, or cellular concrete in liquid form may be filled. For pouring of cellular concrete there are holes arranged along vertical stands, where pins are installed. Also in insulating plates or mineral insulator arranged between ledger strips and vertical stands, in foiled insulation installed between them, in certain areas there are through holes provided, where transverse anchors are installed with the possibility of fixation and attachment of inner and outer rows of wall forms made of blocks, for instance to wooden carcass-frame.

EFFECT: higher number of storeys constructed, simplified technology of wall erection and lower cost of wall construction.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: reinforcement for reinforcing panel of heat-insulation concrete form includes a fastening brace element built in the reinforcement and retained in it in its place due to material enveloping it and intended for attachment thereto a brace for connecting the panel to opposite panel in heat-insulation concrete form, and device for connecting the reinforcement to the panel being reinforced. There also described is version of reinforcement for reinforcing panel, panel of heat-insulation concrete form, set of heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form of columns, heat-insulation concrete form for T-shaped wall and method of reinforcing panel in heat-insulation concrete form.

EFFECT: reinforcement and strengthening of wall structures of heat-insulation concrete forms.

26 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: fixed construction formwork includes soft cover with interconnected cells formed inside it and intended for being filled with solidified compound, and stiffeners. Cells have parallelepiped shape and are located along the whole formwork; at that, one of the sides of rectangle in cross section of cell corresponds to thickness of manufactured building structure, and stiffeners are installed between cells in inter-fabric slots along the whole cell and are made in the form of planks.

EFFECT: improving aesthetic and strength properties with simultaneous increase in labor efficiency when manufacturing formworks and simplifying the design.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: at the first stage of erection, external and internal panels of leave-in-place form are installed, and in areas where vertical reinforcement rods or vertical anchors installed in foundation come out, reinforcement frame is placed, and extensible shaping facility is installed to embrace the latter in the form of hollow volume trihedral rod, which is temporarily fixed by its larger face to internal surface of form panel, and sheets of heat insulation materials are attached to two other faces of rod and are fixed by their free ends to internal side of leave-in-place form. Then concrete mass is poured into rod, and as concrete gains in strength, rod is released from temporary fixation and is extended to design height till final erection of support pillar with repetition of the first stage operations cycle, after erection of support pillar till design height, hollow volume trihedral rod is withdrawn from form, and panels of leave-in-place form are fully filled with concrete mass till its final hardening.

EFFECT: possibility to operate building with increased load over its slab.

4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly forms.

SUBSTANCE: isolation building form structure includes form sized to erect one concrete wall section. Form comprises the first elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene and the second elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene. Each panel has top and bottom, wherein panel bottom serves as building wall bottom and panel top is building wall top. Form comprises elongated horizontally spaced vertical dividers of foamed polystyrene having at least four sides and arranged between panels. Dividers serve as spacing bars and define spaced channels for concrete pouring between dividers. Dividers have upper and lower ends. Upper divider ends are spaced downwardly from upper ends of panels, lower ends thereof are spaced upwardly lower ends of panels to form upper and lower areas for concrete pouring. Upper and lower areas communicate with channels between dividers. Dividers have uniform cross-sections along the full length thereof so that concrete to be poured in channels form concrete columns having constant dimension in vertical direction. Each column has four vertical sides arranged at an angle one to another so that medium parts of concrete posts are wider than side parts thereof, which results in decreased width of divider centers for decreasing dividers compression between panels under the action of compression force applied thereto.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs, improved manufacturability.

12 cl, 20 dwg

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