Polymer composition and articles moulded therefrom

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: polymer composition contains a first basic polymer (A) containing at least a thermoplastic polymer; a second basic polymer (B) containing at least a thermoplastic polymer and which is incompatible with the first basic polymer (A); and an additive (C) containing at least a substance which is incompatible with any of the first basic polymer (A) and the second basic polymer (B). The additive (C) is a liquid or suspension at temperature lower than the pyrolysis temperature of the first basic polymer (A) and the pyrolysis temperature of the second basic polymer (B). Components (A), (B) and (C) are separated from each other by a phase, and boundary surfaces, each lying between two phases (A), (B) and (C), are in contact with each other, forming spatially continuous parallel boundary surfaces. A moulded product, for example, is a filter or a spacer for refrigerators or capacitors. The polymer composition is used to produce an adhesive, ink, paint, films and fibre for a powdered catalyst.

EFFECT: polymer composition and products therefrom quasi-stably contain a large amount of substance which is incompatible with a polymer matrix, therefore suitable for obtaining moulded articles and other products having various properties.

25 cl, 10 ex

 

The technical field to which the invention relates

The present invention relates to polymeric compositions and, more particularly, to a polymeric composition which is a mixture of the first basic polymer (A), the second basic polymer (B) and additive (C), which are incompatible with each other.

The level of technology

Spatial cross-linked rubber or emulsion liquid/polymer described in patent document 1, are only described thermoplastic polymer compositions, which are quasi-stable hold a large amount of the third component, which is the functional liquid that is incompatible with the polymer matrix, without significant impairment of their fundamental physical properties.

Spatial cross-linked rubbers do not have cut-through and, therefore, difficult to ekstradiroval. Therefore, it is difficult to obtain a film, fiber or the like of the spatial cross-linked rubber.

Emulsion liquid/polymer described in patent document 1 are discontinuous phase. Therefore, when the emulsion liquid/polymer formed into a film or similar products, liquid or polymer contained in the emulsion can not penetrate from one side of the molded product to another when stored in a continuous state.

Emulsion liquid/polymer clay which require a combination of liquid, block copolymer forming surface section, and a polymer, which emuleret, however, three components must not be connected arbitrarily. Also, the emulsion has a discontinuous phase. In addition, these emulsions are not destroyed even when diluted.

Not yet described polymer composition, which quasistable retains a large amount of the third component, which is the functional liquid and in which the structure that holds the third component is destroyed when diluted.

In patent document 2 describes that "in the application of fluoropolymers to cover the metal base to impart non-stick properties (for example, kitchen utensils) and also for protection against corrosion (for example, chemical tanks, exhaust ducts), their non-stick characteristics lead to problems when attaching respectively to the base. Typically, attaching a fluoropolymer to a metal bases include original applying chemical etching or sandblasting at high pressure so that the base had a rough profile. Then, apply the primer. Not known to known heat-resistant adhesives, such as polyamideimide, polyethersulfone, polyster, peek and the like, interacted chemically with fluoropolymers, which limits application of the data connection as a primer coating. A primer coating may be a powder, or, more often, they are applied from solvent or aqueous solution. The product is typically subjected to heat treatment at required temperatures in order to achieve binding and remove the solvents or liquid carriers. Then, usually applied fluoropolymer surface coating, and subjecting it to heat treatment in order to engineer the fluoropolymer in a protective or decorative coating. As described in the present invention, the stage of applying a layer of polymer on the basis of fluorine is difficult and expensive.

Patent document 1: Gazette of Japanese Patent No. 3963941.

Patent document 2: Gazette of Japanese National Phase PCT Laid-Open Publication No. 2007-508415.

Description of the invention

The present invention

The present invention is to provide: a polymer composition, which quasistable contains a large number of functional component without significant deterioration of its basic physical properties; obtained from this polymer product with good insulation properties and filter for dust collection containing polymer composition; dirt-repellent product containing the polymer composition; the polymer composition for a gasket containing polymer composition; a battery, a refrigerator and a capacitor, applying about the SPS in the form of films or fibers, obtained from the resin composition for pads; plastic with good electrical and thermal conductivity containing polymer composition; and such at the lowest prices.

Ways of solving problems

The polymer composition of the present invention includes the first base polymer (A)containing at least a thermoplastic polymer, the second base polymer (B)containing at least a thermoplastic polymer which is incompatible with the first main polymer (A)and additive (C)containing at least a substance which is incompatible with any of the first basic polymer (A) and the second basic polymer (B). Additive (C) is a liquid or suspension at a temperature lower temperature pyrolysis of the first main polymer (A) and temperature pyrolysis of the second basic polymer (B). The first base polymer (A), the second base polymer (B) and additive (C) separated phases from each other, and the surface section, each of which is located between two of the phases (A), (B) and (C), contacting with each other, form a three-dimensional continuous parallel interface.

The term "suspension"as used in the present invention, refers to a mixture of (fluid) liquid and powder, which is capable of flowing.

The term "spatially-continuous parallel to the boundary surface, as when enaut in the present invention, refers to each of the opposite sides of the layer that separates two volumes (areas) in viroidnoj structure. The term "Girona structure", as used in the present invention, refers to a type of a connected structure in which a continuous layer periodically extended in space, dividing the space into two areas. Two areas separated from each other by the layer and not in contact with each other. Note that the term "coupled structure", as used in the present invention refers to a structure in which two volumes separated by a layer (or surface), endlessly connected to each other.

The effects of the invention

The polymer composition of the present invention may quasistable to contain a large number of functional component without significant deterioration of the basic physical properties of the polymer matrix.

The best option of carrying out the invention

In one embodiment of the present invention, at least one of the first basic polymer (A) and the second basic polymer (B) is not a rubber (elastomer), and a polymer composition that is a mixture of three components, also is not a rubber (elastomer).

Therefore, the polymer composition variant implementation can be ekstradiroval to get a prisoner who, fiber or similar.

Also, the additive (C) is not a liquid or suspension at a temperature lower temperature pyrolysis of the first main polymer (A) and temperature pyrolysis of the second basic polymer (B). However, the additive (C) is practically not subjected to pyrolysis temperatures, pyrolysis, at a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure (for example, in a mixing extruder).

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, (A), (B) and (C) form a parallel layer having groenou structure, and (A) and (B) are two related subjects, divided by (C). Spatially-continuous parallel boundary surfaces include surface α between (B) and (C) and the surface of β between (A) and (C) layer is formed (C), and the surface γ between (A) and (B). The surface of the α, β and γ are parallel to each other, and continuously extended in space in all three directions.

When the first base polymer (A) may be a mixture of two or more polymers, the pyrolysis temperature of the first basic polymer (A) corresponds to the lowest of the temperatures of pyrolysis of mixed polymers, which is also applicable to the pyrolysis temperature of the second basic polymer (B).

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which (C) is at least one thermoplastic is of polimerov, thermoplastic oligomers, oils, insecticides, pheromones, repellents, attractants, adhesives, surfactants, antiadhesives, antibacterial agents, antifungal agents, flame retardant agents, lubricants, agents with a low coefficient of friction, reinforcing fillers, conductive agents, conductive agents, corrosion funds and electrolytic solutions, and derived from it molded products. The molded product may contain as its part of the polymer composition and may be, for example, a multilayer film containing a layer formed of the polymer composition.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to a molded product, which is obtained by forming a dilute solution of the polymer composition with one of (A), (B) and polymer, is mixed with (A) or (B). Also, the molded product may contain on its surface section of the film formed in (C), having a thickness of from 0.001 μm to 2 μm.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to a molded product which is molded by extrusion product or a product obtained by molding, in the form of a film, fiber or the like. Also, this form of option implementation refers to the film, in which (C) is an edible oil, the Lenk in which (C) is an adhesive film, fiber or fibrous product in which (C) is a surface-active substance. Also, this form of option implementation refers to the film and laminirovannom product, in which (C) is a rust inhibitor.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which (C) contains a polymer or a mixture of several polymers as the main component, and derived from it molded products.

The preferred form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which at least one of (A), (B) and (C) has an electrical resistance equal to 1015Ω·cm or more, and derived from it molded products. The molded product is a fibrous product, non-woven material obtained aerodynamic method from the melt, or a multilayer structure including the obtained aerodynamic method from the melt non-woven material. The moldings also preferably is electret-processed by the filter.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which at least one of (A), (B) and (C) is a thermoplastic adhesive, and derived from it molded products.

The preferred form of option implementation relation is seeking to polymeric compositions which is a thermoplastic adhesive having a high adhesive strength relative to at least one of ceramic, metal, wood and plastic, and which is used for these substances, and derived from it molded articles or molded composite product, which is a multi-layered structure fluoropolymer molded product and a polymeric composition, which is dirt-repellent molded product.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which at least one of (A), (B) and (C) is a thermoplastic polymer with properties vapor barrier. Preferably, this form of option exercise relates to polymeric compositions in which the polymer properties vapor barrier is down-vinyl acetate copolymer, and derived from it molded products.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which at least one of (A), (B) and (C) is a polyolefin polymer-modified polyolefin polymers and polymer blends containing at least one polyolefin polymer and a modified polyolefin polymers, and derived from it molded products.

The preferred form of a variant of implementation of the Rel is referring to the polymeric composition, in which at least one of (A), (B) and (C) is one of fluoropolymers, modified fluoropolymer and polymer blends containing at least one fluoropolymer and modified fluoropolymers, and derived from it molded products. The molded product is preferably a film or a fibrous product, which is the gasket for heat exchangers or condensers.

Also, the preferred form of a variant of implementation refers to a film or a fibrous product as a strip accumulator, where (C) represents the electrolytic solution of the battery, and the battery, applying a film or a fibrous product as a strip.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to suspensions, suspensions, ink or paint containing polymer composition. The polymer slurry or suspension can be obtained by a known method of obtaining, in which the polymer composition is dispersed by stirring with a melting point or a higher temperature in the dispersing medium, in which (C) is not dissolved, followed by the addition of suitable surface-active substances, which results in quasi-stable state.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which, at least one of (A), (B) and (C) is a catalyst for curing epoxy polymer, and derived from it molded products. Preferably, this form of option exercise relates to polymeric compositions, in which a catalyst for curing epoxy polymer is a compound based on imidazole, and powder catalyst containing polymer composition.

Also, one form of a variant of implementation relates to polymeric compositions in which (C) is a metal or inorganic compound, and derived from it molded products. Preferably, this form of option exercise relates to polymeric compositions in which (C) is tin or an alloy based on tin and, therefore, it has high electrical and thermal conductivity, and derived from it molded products.

(A)used in the embodiment contains at least one thermoplastic polymer. (B)used in the variants of implementation, also contains at least one thermoplastic polymer. As thermoplastic polymer can also be applied in (A) and (B) thermoplastic predecessor, which becomes termooinamica polymer after the reaction. Please note that when using this thermoplastic predecessor in quality is ve, at least one of (A) and (B), thermoplastic precursor is a precursor, which undergoes no appreciable reaction in the molten state to a degree which impairs the formation of spatially-continuous parallel surfaces, or choose the conditions of mixing, which prevents this reaction. Examples of thermoplastic polymer include thermoplastic fluoropolymers such as polytetramethylene and the like, polyethylene, such as HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE and such, additional polymers, such as polypropylene, polyisoprene, polybutene, polystyrene, polymethacrylate, their modified forms and the like, polyesters such as PET, PBT, PTT, PLA and the like, polyamides such as nylon 6, nylon 66, nylon 12 and the like, condensation polymers, such as polycarbonate, polyurethane and the like. Examples of thermoplastic precursor for thermoautotrophica polymer include a mixture of the precursor on the basis of unsaturated polyester polymer or precursor based on phenolic polymer (novolak) and hexamine, a polymer obtained by partial curing the mixture by heating, and the like. Termotehnica the molded polymer before curing, and give excellent heat resistance and dimensional stability.

The term "(A) and (B) are incompatible with each other, as primeniaut the present invention, indicates that (A) and (B) separated by phase, even after trying to mix them in a molten state by mechanical cutting, and, therefore, between them a surface section. Therefore, (A) and (B) can be mentioned polyethylene, if (A) and (B) can be separated by phase, for example, may be suitable combination of HDPE and LDPE. (A) and (B) may also be mentioned polypropylene, if one of (A) and (B) modify so that (A) and (B) can be separated by phase.

As a combination of (A) and (B) it is possible to use polyolefins, which are incompatible with each other, or additional polymer, such as polyolefin or the like, and condensation polymers such as polyester or the like. However, please make sure that when two polyester having a different composition, or polyester and polyamide is used as (A) and (B), (A) and (B) slightly react with each other in the molten state and therefore is not destroyed spatially-continuous parallel surface structure and does not deteriorate the internal properties of the base polymer. As for the spatially-continuous parallel to the surface structure, it is preferable that the volume ratio of the core polymer (A) and polymer (B), which is incompatible with the basic polymer (A) rasplavlennoy, was close to 50:50. Preferably, the volume ratio was not exactly equal to 50:50, because the basic physical properties of the base polymer are less deterioration. In addition, the volume ratio of organic matter (C) or the mixture (D) to the total volume is 1/3 or less.

Examples (C), which are liquid or suspension at a temperature that is less than or equal to the temperature of pyrolysis (A) or (B) in the embodiment, include thermoplastic polymers, thermoplastic oligomers, oils, insecticides, pheromones, repellents, attractants, adhesives, pressure-sensitive, surface-active substances, antiadhesive, antibacterial agents, antifungal agents, lubricating agents, agents with a low coefficient of friction, reinforcing fillers, conductive agents, conductive agents, adhesives, insulating materials, chemical products aromatic series, industrial fertilizers, curing agents (catalysts) and the like.

As antiadhesive used surfactant, oil or similar. In particular, examples of antiadhesive include edible oils, such as butter, rapeseed oil, olive oil, soybean oil, corn oil, sesame oil, sunflower oil, cottonseed oil, safflower oil, and p is such that mineral oils and their ethers and esters, salts of higher fatty acids, esters of sorbitol, esters of sorbitol and their EO and/or PO adducts, silicone polymers and the like.

Specific examples of thermoplastic polymers and thermoplastic oligomers include thermoplastic fluoropolymers such as polytetramethylene PVDF, tetrafluoroethylene-ethylene copolymer ETFE, tetrafluoroethylene-performancelimiting copolymer PFA and the like, polymers and oligomers with good insulating properties, such as polystyrene and the like, polyethylene glycol, polypropyleneglycol and their modified forms, and oligomers, hydrophilic polymers and oligomers, such as saponified polyvinyl acetate and the like.

Also, surfactants belong to the anionic, cationic, amphoteric, nonionic type and the like. Examples of surfactants include hydrophilic surfactants, such as dodecylbenzenesulfonate sodium, glycerol monostearate and the like. Examples of properties of surface-active substances include, in addition to the hydrophilic properties, properties, wetting, penetrating power, emulsifying power, dispersing ability, foaming properties, detergency, lubricity, antistatic properties, anti-corrosion properties, videotalk the matter of property, aggregation properties and the like.

Also, specific examples of water-repellent funds and spirtuality funds include silicone polymers, silicone oils, fluorine-containing compounds and the like. Specific examples of conductive agents include inapropiada substances such as polyanilines aqueous solution, polyaniline dispersion, polypyrrole dispersion and the like. In addition, examples of the conductive agent and the conductive agents include tin, whose melting point is 231°C, fusible alloy, such as solder or the like, and the like.

Also, specific examples of the basic components of thermoplastic adhesives for metal include glass, ceramics, polyvinylbutyral, such as "MOWITAL™"received KURARAY CO., LTD. and the like, mixtures of polyvinylbutyral and epoxy polymers, EVA, a mixture of EVA and epoxy polymers, and the like.

Also, specific examples of the basic components of the polymer vapor barrier include copolymers of poly(vinyl alcohol-vinyl acetate), such as "EVAL™"received KURARAY CO., LTD., polyamide polymers, vinylidenechloride polymers, halogenated polymers, such as PVDF and the like, thermoplastic acrylic polymers and the like.

A multilayer structure containing a layer of thermoplastic fluoropolymer one form of variationbetween and glass, ceramic or metal, is produced by attaching the layers to each other, applying an intermediate layer composition case for containing a thermoplastic fluoropolymer (A), polybutyl as (B) and EVA (C). The use of thermoplastic fluoropolymers as a surface layer quasistationary gives excellent dirt-repellent property. Sheet-like products are produced layer-by-layer molding and sheet molding of thermoplastics under pressure. Also, complex products are produced by combining the product obtained by molding a sheet of thermoplastic under pressure, multi-layered structure and molded articles of glass, ceramics or metal holding again forming a sheet of thermoplastic under pressure, whereby receive a glass, ceramic or metal articles containing gazettelive surface.

Molded product is applicable for gazettelive clay products, such as the toilet, bath and the like, and metal products, such as sinks and the like.

Also, specific examples of antibacterial agents and antifungal agents include organic substances such as triclosan, paraben, dichlofluanid and the like, and their solutions or dispersions, and liquid paraffin dispersion neorg the organic substances, such as zeolite of silver, copper zeolite, silver glass, Apatite, silver and the like.

Also, specific examples of insecticides and repellents include PYRETHROID insecticides, such as permethrin, phenothrin, pyrethrin, empenthrin, metofluthrin and the like, urethane insecticides, such as carbaryl, propoxur, fenobucarb and such, organophosphorus insecticides, such as parathion, dichlorvos, acept and such, insecticide nicotine, such as nicotinuric and such, chloronicotinyl insecticides, such as Imidacloprid, acetamiprid, dinotefuran and such, terpene insecticides, such as Teruchion (isobutylacetate) and the like, and repellents, such as DEBT, farnesylacetone and the like.

Also, specific examples of corrosion funds include dicyclohexylamine (DICHAN), diisopropylaminoethyl (DIPAN), cyclohexylcarbamate (CHC), benzotriazole (BTA), tolyltriazole (TTA), dicyclohexylamine cyclohexanecarboxylate (DICHACHC), sodium nitrite (melting point: 271°C), and the like.

Also, specific examples of insulating materials include thermoplastic fluoropolymers such as Polideportivo, policyformulation, their modified forms and the like, polystyrene, and their copolymers, and the like. Among them, polystyrene and its copolymers are preferred because of their is ucsi insulating properties (10 15Ohm·cm) and less cost.

Also, specific examples of industrial fertilizers include antibacterial agents, bactericides, herbicides and the like. For example, "tioram (bis(diethylthiocarbamoyl)disulfide; melting point: 155°C) dithiocarbamate family known as an antibacterial agent or a means to scare off the birds, and isoprothiolane" (melting point: 54°C) is bactericidal means family malonic esters, which strongly inhibits the growth of hyphae of fungi causing piricularia rice (Magnaporthe grisea), fungi causing white root rot (Rosellinia necatrix) and the like. Also, propyzamide (melting point: 155°C) is a herbicide for grass or lettuce, which with high efficiency kills plants of the family Poaceae and annual broadleaf weeds.

Also, specific examples of catalysts for curing epoxy polymers include amine compounds, polyol as one of the compounds, imidazole compounds and the like. Among them, imidazole compounds are preferred from the point of view of operation. Among them, 2-undecylenate and 1-cyanoethyl-2-phenylimidazole are preferred as catalysts for the powder coating from the point of view of production, since their melting point is lower than 120°C and diametrically a total of 130°C or more.

The present invention is not limited to these specific examples.

As for the method of production, which gives a spatially continuous parallel to the surface structure of the polymer, which is the hallmark of a variant implementation, use elasticator, which provides a large shear load (for example, twin-screw extruder). When the liquid additive are mixed in a liquid state, it is preferable to use an extruder with side introduction. When the liquid additive is a solid at room temperature, the liquid additive is served at a constant rate of feed from the feed hopper.

As growth shifting efforts are formed thinner spatially-continuous parallel interface. Therefore, it is preferable to increase the number of revolutions per minute of the screw when the temperature conditions suitable for the screw. The number of revolutions per minute of the screw is preferably 800 rpm or more, more preferably 1000 rpm or more.

The thickness of the spatially-continuous parallel boundary surfaces can be reduced to a few nanometers. A layer of liquid additives and is located between the spatially-continuous parallel boundary surfaces. Therefore, in the spatially-continuous parallel the Noi surface structure, which ekstragiruyut in the extruder and then cooled rapidly and utverjdayut, followed by pelletizing, the thickness of the layer of liquid additives, formed on the surface of the section is almost equal to the thickness of the layer of liquid additives, located between the spatially-continuous parallel boundary surfaces. The reason is that since the pellet contains a large quantity of liquid additive, pellet retains the property of being dried to the disappearance of the tack-free.

In this embodiment, (C) forms a film viroidnoj patterns, and (A) and (B) are two United region, which are separated by (C). Spatially-continuous parallel to the surface to form the surface of the partition α between (B) and (C) and the surface of the separation β between (A) and (C) on the film formed (C). The surface of the partition α and the surface of the partition β are parallel to each other and continuously extended in space in all three directions.

Also, spatially continuous surface parallel structure occurs in a state where the volume ratio of the core polymer (A) to the basic polymer (B) in the molten state, is almost 50:50. Therefore, adding the main polymer (A) or (B) for dilution violates the balance so that a spatially continuous surface parallel structure is and is destroyed. If a spatially continuous surface parallel structure is destroyed and, therefore, a mixture of several polymers forms islet structure, the liquid additive is moved from the inner part of the polymer on the surface of the partition so that the liquid additive exhibits surface properties. Shutter speed is manifested lubricating action can be controlled by maintaining the catalyst for thermal curing at room temperature and release for the formation of crosslinks in the process of melting or holding surface lubricants and movement of surface lubricant to the surface in the molding process.

The composition of the case for receiving, applying elasticator, such as a twin screw extruder or the like. When (C) or (D) are liquid or suspension in the process of obtaining, a device for the lateral introduction of fluid, such as mnogoplunzhernyh pump or the like, is used to submit (C) or (D) at a constant feed speed side introduction. After extrusion through the injection hole of the polymer matrix utverjdayut using a cooling bath or the like, and it forms the thread, and the thread is cut and formed into pellets of the cutting machine. When the material cannot form a thread, granules are obtained by applying the dive torches etc is ing cutting machine. If it is difficult to apply these methods, material ekstragiruyut in the form of a sheet and then cut using a milling cutter, to rectangular pellets.

The composition of a variant of implementation can be used as masterbatches or mixture.

Moulded products, such as extrusion molded product molded by injection molding and similar products (film and fiber products, and such option exercise), get usually the method of obtaining, using Royal blend or mixture of compositions a variant implementation. For example, although dichlofluanid has a pyrolysis temperature of equal to 150°C or less, non-woven material, which spunbond-based PP productively get at 235°C. the Reason why non-woven material, which spunbond-based PP productively get the above method to obtain at a temperature greater than the well-known temperature pyrolysis of the suppression of pyrolysis is that the pyrolysis reaction is one of the types of equilibrium reactions. In other words, the reason is that the well-known temperature pyrolysis was measured in an open system at atmospheric pressure and, conversely, a molded product (spunbond) option exercise, in which the pyrolysis reaction is obtained in a closed system with a high pressure, and this system means the flax inhibits the equilibrium reaction.

Metal tin has a melting point equal to 231°C, which is smaller in comparison with most other metals, is relatively stable and has excellent thermal conductivity. Sheet product obtained by molding obtained from the composition of a variant implementation, containing 20% weight. polycarbonate, 55% of the weight. metal tin and 25% weight. PET has excellent thermal and electrical conductivity.

As described above, in the composition of a variant implementation, an inorganic substance, such as metallic tin or sodium nitrite, which does not react with (A) or (B), can be used as (C), this means that the composition of a variant implementation is created physically.

Polypropylene molded product in one form of this variant implementation contains 0.2 to 1.0 wt%. melting when heated pop-up layer, which is unsalted butter, on the surface of the molded product, of 0.1 to 1.0 wt%. melting when heated pop-up layer, which is unsalted butter inside of a molded product, and 0.5-10 wt%. polyethylene, most of which thin dispergirovany near the surface of the molded product. Also, in one form, the molded product is an anti-adhesive film. This product is in a state where RA is ruchaetsya spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

Antiadhesive film receive the following way. Almost equal amounts of polyethylene and polypropylene is supplied from the feeders, and melting when heated pop-up layer, which is unsalted butter, enter through the side hole, followed by mixing and extrusion, and then cooled to obtain Royal blend compositions variant implementation of spatially-continuous parallel surface structure. Uterine mixture is diluted with polyethylene, with subsequent layers on aluminum foil by extrusion through a T-shaped extrusion head.

Also, similarly, the cover with antiadhesive properties or the like can be obtained thin-film molded by pressing, using conventional machine for injection molding without the device for lateral introduction of fluid.

If unsalted butter is heated to approximately 60°C, the butter melts. Subsequently, if the melted oil stand oil is divided into two layers, i.e. a transparent pop-up layer and the light liquid (bottom layer). The bottom layer is a water emulsion containing protein. This protein is the reason that the oil is easily lights up. If you only use this pop-up layer, it is possible to prevent staining, which otherwise happens what about if as a result of heating in the process of getting the film.

Also, the plastic film molded product in one form of this option is the packaging film with the adhesive layer, whose thickness is 0.1 μm or more. Similarly, as for the adhesive film, this product is in a state where a spatially continuous surface parallel structure is destroyed.

The cross-section of a spatially continuous surface parallel structure that appears in the composition of this variant implementation, see using an optical microscope or SEM. In addition, the cross-section of the core polymer, which is dispersed in a small amount of the diluted molded product, see using a phase-contrast microscope. In addition, the thickness of the evaporating liquid additives on the surface of the molded product variant implementation, calculate the rate of evaporation or the like.

In more detail, the invention will be described by way of examples.

EXAMPLES

Example 1 (dirt-repellent molded product)

Three components, i.e. 34% by volume of thermoplastic PVDF (vinylidenefluoride-HEXAFLUOROPROPYLENE copolymer)obtained DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, ltd., as (A), 36% by volume of PVDF (vinylidenefluoride)received DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, ltd., as (B), and 30% by volume MOWTAL™ B30T, received KURARAY CO., LTD., which is adhesive polymer to glass, as (C), serves at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with high speed. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of a wire, when the rotation speed of the screw, 1200 rpm, with a maximum temperature equal to 320°C, which is less than or equal to the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and the temperature of the extruder crosshead equal to 300°C. the Filament is cooled in a water bath at 40°C and then cut, thereby obtaining a complex granules of the composition with spatially continuous surface parallel structure of example 1.

The cross-section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section of the pellet, where the fluoride component is covered with metal, see using SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

Connection ekstragiruyut layer and through the T-shaped extrusion head at 320°C for PVDF 20 (vinylidenefluoride-HEXAFLUOROPROPYLENE copolymer) sheet, having a thickness of 50 μm, obtained by DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, ltd., therefore clicks the zoom, receiving a multi-layered sheet as a molded product of example 1.

A multi-layered sheet and the glass plate, whose thickness is 3 mm and the side 20 cm and whose surface is cleaned, put together, followed by hot pressing at 320°C in order to obtain a PVDF-glass multilayer structure of example 1.

PVDF PVDF surface-glass multilayer structure has excellent water - and oil-repellent properties possessed himself PVDF. One ml of a 15% hexane diluted mud components (carbon black: 16,7%, hydrogenated oil, beef fat: 20.8%, and liquid paraffin: 62,5%) was administered on the sample, which is then maintained for one or more hours at room temperature to remove hexane-air drying, thus attaching the mud in spots. Test the ability of erasing was performed using the instrument to measure the ability of type Erasure KAKEN (Japan Synthetic 5 Textile Inspection Institute Foundation). As a result, the multi-layer sheet of example 1 showed excellent dirt-resistance property, i.e. the number of hydrophilic residue dirt and lipophilic dirt were small compared with PP sheet (control). In addition, PVDF surface of this product had a thickness of 42 μm and, therefore, had an excellent durability, which allowed about is the ukta to withstand long-term use.

Example 2 (electret-treated filter)

Three components, i.e. 44% by volume LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 2), obtained by Japan Polyethylene Corporation, as (A), 46% by volume PP, Prime 15 Polypro™ (MFR: 3), obtained by Prime Polymer Co., Ltd., as (B), and 10% by volume of the insulating material, PSt polymer (MFR: 30), obtained by PS Japan Corporation, as (C), serves at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with high speed. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of a wire, when the rotation speed of the screw, 1200 rpm at maximum temperature is 230°C, which is lower than the pyrolysis temperature of equal to 350°C, PP polymer (B), and when the temperature of the head of the extruder, equal to 190°C. the Filament is cooled in a water bath at 40°C and then cut, thereby obtaining a mixture of the composition with spatially continuous surface parallel structure of example 2.

The obtained aerodynamic method from the melt nonwoven material was obtained, using this mixture. In this case, (A), (B) and (C) is decomposed by heating at a temperature of molding equal to 380°C, thus reducing its molecular weight, with subsequent treatment with electracom to get received by the aerodynamic method from the melt non-woven material note the RA 2. It is known that, when the tissue that was treated with electracom in order to improve dust holding, acting in conditions of high humidity, a separate charge is moved and, therefore, the effect of processing electracom reduced. After received the aerodynamic method from the melt non-woven material was incubated for 24 hours at 20°C and 80 RH%, the ratio of the dust is reduced to 12%, which is less than approximately 20% for regular PP obtained aerodynamic method from the melt non-woven materials. Thus, the resulting aerodynamic method from the melt non-woven material retains the effect of the dust at a high level.

The cross-section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section of the pellet, where the fluoride component is covered with metal, see using SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

Example 3 (coating film)

Three components, i.e. a 36% by volume LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 0,9), obtained by Japan Polyethylene Corporation, as (A), 34% by volume of the modified HDPE (MFR: 5) as (B) and 30% by volume of the anti-corrosion agent, sodium nitrite (the temperature of the melting point: 271°C) as (C), served at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with high speed. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion at a speed of rotation of the auger, 1000 rpm at maximum temperature, 290°C, which is lower than the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and the temperature of the extruder crosshead equal to 270°C. Extrudable the workpiece is cut using a hot knife, followed by cooling, thereby obtaining corrosion Royal blend compositions with spatially continuous surface parallel structure example 3. In the process of getting uterine mixture of molten sodium nitrite is not blown from the injection holes. In addition, the granule is not sticky. Although the pellet is slightly colored, there are no problems with technological characteristics.

Granules masterbatches boil in water with the ratio of water to the granules, 100:1, for 20 minutes in order to remove sodium nitrite. Subsequently, the cross section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section is observed using SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that formed protrans the public-continuous surface parallel structure.

Three wt%. masterbatches diluted with 97% of the weight. LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 0,9)received Japan Polyethylene Corporation. Diluted uterine mixture used to obtain corrosion-resistant PE film obtained by inflation, having a thickness of 100 μm, and a width of 20 cm, example 3 commonly used method. This film contains approximately 0.9 g/m2sodium nitrite and is almost transparent and colorless.

Anticorrosive properties of corrosion-resistant PE film and a commercially available PE film was compared under conditions suitable for film in accordance with JIS Z1535 5.4 paper, treated with a volatile corrosion inhibitor". The corrosion was not detected in the test pieces of the film of example 3, and was found in the test pieces of commercially available film (control).

Example 4 (gas-tight film)

Three components, i.e. 46% by volume LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 0,9), obtained by Japan Polyethylene Corporation, as (A), 44% by volume of the modified HDPE (MFR: 5) as (B), and 10% by volume gas-tight resin EVAL™" (melting point: approximately 170°C, ethylene content: 38%)received KURARAY CO., LTD., as (C), serves at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with a high speed of rotation of the augers. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, PLA is Yat and mix with subsequent extrusion at a speed of rotation of the auger, 1000 rpm at maximum temperature 210°C, which is lower than the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and the temperature of the extruder crosshead equal to 200°C. Extrudable the workpiece is cut using a hot knife, followed by cooling, thereby obtaining a gas-tight mixture of the composition with spatially continuous surface parallel structure of example 4. The cross-section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section of the pellet mixture observed using SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

The mixture is applied in order to obtain a film obtained by blowing, example 4, having a thickness of 25 μm, generally applicable way. This film has a gas permeability for oxygen (23°C, 0% RH), 0.5 ml·25μ/m2·24h·ATM. Gas permeability for oxygen 100% "EVAL" is 0.4. Therefore, although the absolute value is slightly smaller, the film of this example has almost the same excellent properties of gas-tightness. The film obtained from 100% of the "EVAL"is not profitable more expensive than PE, has a narrow tempera is urny range, satisfying the conditions for film, and more easily thickens during prolonged manipulation. Typically EVAL used in conjunction with PE or similar in the form of a multilayer film, which also aims to reduce the cost. On the other hand, the mixture of example 4 can be processed when the conditions get, the same as those for conventional PE, and it is profitable, because the content of expensive "EVAL"used in the present invention, can be reduced.

Example 5 (strip)

Two components, i.e. 44% by volume of the modified PP, Prime Polypro™ (MFR: 30), obtained from Prime Polymer Co., Ltd., as (A) and 46% by volume PP (MFR: 30) as (B), serves at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with a high speed of rotation of the augers, and 10% by volume of propylene carbonate (electrolytic solution) as (C) serves a lateral introduction at a constant feed speed. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of a wire, when the rotation speed of the screw, 1200 rpm, while the maximum temperature is 230°C, which is lower than the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and when the temperature of the head of the extruder, equal to 190°C. the Filament is cooled in a water bath at 40°C and then cut, thereby obtaining granules PP-mixture composition since the issue is rantenna-continuous parallel surface structure of example 5. The cross-section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section of the granules observed using SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

The spunbond example 5, with the bulk equal to 20 g/m2receive, applying the mixture at the temperature of extrusion, equal to 230°C, generally applicable way. In this spunbond solvent is applied on the fiber surface, and thus the capacitor, which is used spunbond as gaskets, easily filled in the electrolytic solution without bubbles, which reduces fluctuations in the capacitance of the capacitor due to the presence of bubbles.

Example 6 (conductive polymer)

Three components, i.e. 44% by volume of the modified PP, Prime Polypro™ (MFR: 30), obtained from Prime Polymer Co., Ltd., as (A), 46% by volume PP (MFR: 30) as (B) and 10% by volume of lead-free solder powder on the basis of the Sn-Cu (401)received Yamanishi Kinzoku Kabushiki Kaisha (C), serves at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with a high speed of rotation of the auger. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of n is t, when the rotation speed of the screw, 1200 rpm, while the maximum temperature is 230°C, which is lower than the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and when the temperature of the head of the extruder, equal to 190°C. Extrudable the workpiece is cooled in a water bath at 40°C, thereby obtaining conductive PP yarn of example 6, having a diameter equal to 1 mm, the Electric resistance of the filament is on the order of 10-5Ohm·cm, i.e. it has a conductivity similar to thermal conductivity of metals.

Thread cut on conductive granules PP-mixture composition with spatially continuous surface parallel structure of example 6. The cross-section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section of the pellet, containing a tin component, see using SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

A rectangular plate having a width of 3 mm, get, applying granules, injection molding usually used method. The electrical resistance of the plate was of the order of 10-5Ohm·cm, i.e. it has a conductivity similar to thermal conductivity of metals.

Example 7 (powder catalyst powder is first coating)

Three components, i.e. 42% by volume curing agent for Novolac phenolic polymer, the type PR51530 received SUMITOMO BAKELITE Co., Ltd. as (A), 38% by volume PR54869 as (B), and 20% by volume of the catalyst based on imidazole, C11ZCN (melting point: approximately 50°C), obtained by SHIKOKU CHEMICALS CORPORATION, as (C), serves at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with a high speed of rotation of the auger. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of a wire, when the rotation speed of the screw, 1200 rpm, with a maximum temperature of 110°C, which is less than or equal to the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and the temperature of the extruder crosshead equal to 100°C. Extrudable the workpiece is cut using a hot knife, followed by cooling, thereby obtaining uterine mixture of granules of cross-linking catalyst for the powder coating of example 7. The cross-section in the direction of extrusion and other cross-section, perpendicular to it, granules, in which the imidazole is covered with metal, see using SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially-continuous parallel the th surface structure.

Then, uterine mixture is pulverized using a hammer mill, and the crushed fallopian mix sorted by diameter (10-40 μm), thereby obtaining a powdered catalyst of example 7.

Two percent by weight of a powder of the catalyst of this example, 38% of the weight. powder curing agent for Novolac phenolic polymer, the type PRHF3 received 5 SUMITOMO BAKELITE Co., Ltd., and 60% weight. powder bisphenol-A epoxy polymer, 1003F, received Japan Epoxy Resins Co., Ltd., containing 40 wt%. titanium oxide, uniformly applied on cold rolled steel treated with zinc phosphate, having a thickness equal to 0.8 mm, the method of applying the coating in an electric field, followed by heat treatment at 140°C for 20 minutes, thereby obtaining a coating having a dry film thickness of 60 microns.

As a comparative example to 0.4 wt%. powder curing catalyst C11ZCN instead of powder catalyst of this example, and other components of the coating, i.e. 39% weight. powder curing agent for Novolac phenolic polymer, the type PRHF3 received SUMITOMO BAKELITE Co., Ltd., and 60,6% weight. powder bisphenol-A epoxy polymer, 1003F, received Japan Epoxy Resins Co., Ltd., containing 40 wt%. titanium oxide was subjected to the dry mixture and evenly applied on holodnokatanuju steel treated with zinc phosphate, having a thickness equal to 0.8 mm, is the manual coating in an electric field, followed by heat treatment at 140°C for 20 min, thereby obtaining a coating having a dry film thickness equal to 60 μm. Impact strength (load: 500 g, drop height: 50 cm) of the coating of comparative example was visually compared with the impact strength of the powder coating, applying a powdered catalyst of this example. As a result, the comparative example had a clearly inferior properties than the variant example of implementation.

Example 8 (a film with a good anti-adhesive properties)

Two components, i.e. 33% by volume LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 5), obtained by Japan Polyethylene Corporation, as (A) and 37% by volume PP, Prime Polypro™ (MFR: 5), obtained by Prime Polymer Co., Ltd. as (B)is fed at a constant feed speed of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with a high rotation speed of the screw, and, in addition, 30% by volume pop-up layer, separated from unsalted butter, melted by heating to 60°C, as (C) serves a lateral introduction at a constant feed speed at the intermediate point of the extruder, using a plunger pump. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of a wire, when the rotation speed of the screw, 1200 rpm, with a maximum temperature of 200°C, which is lower than the temperature of the pyro is ISA (A) and (B), and when the temperature of the head of the extruder, equal to 190°C. the Filament is cooled in a water bath at 40°C and then cut, thereby obtaining transparent and colorless granules masterbatches composition with spatially continuous surface parallel structure of example 8. In the process of getting masterbatches oil is not made from injection holes. In addition, the granule is not sticky and has no problems with technological characteristics.

The lack of stickiness granules indicates that the thickness of the viscous liquid butter, which is incompatible with the basic polymer is about 0.1 micron on the surface of the granules. This means that a layer of butter inside the granules also has a thickness of approximately 0.1 μm or so, and that within the quasi-stable granules formed microstructure. The cross-section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section of the pellets washed with cyclohexane and then see SEM. As a result, find a structure with many parallel layers, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

Five percent by volume of masterbatches and 95% by volume LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 5), obtained by Japan Polyethylene Corporation, serves at constant flow rates. The mixture was EXT dirout through the T-shaped extrusion head to layered material having a thickness of 10 μm, which is then placed on aluminum foil-polypropylene laminated film having a thickness of 15 μm at 200°C, thereby obtaining a multilayer film of example 8.

A multilayer film is cooled with liquid nitrogen and then fracture. The resulting cross-section of the multilayer films see SEM. As a result, confirm that the layer of butter, having a thickness of 0.13 μm, is formed on the polyethylene layer of the multilayer film.

Package with a width of 18 cm and a depth of 20 cm was obtained from this multilayer film welding, where the polyethylene layer laminated film was on the outside of the package. One hundred grams of a commercially available pre-cooked curry, heated to 60°C, was poured into the package, and immediately after that the package is turned upside down, allowing curry to flow spontaneously. Subsequently weighed the balance of curry. The amount of residue curry was a 1.8,

For comparison, received a package from a multilayer film, which did not include uterine mixture. In the case of this package, the amount of residue curry was 8,1, Therefore, the multilayer film of this example has excellent anti-adhesive property.

The results of SEM observations showed that continuous parallel surfaces do not exist in the cross section of megaloi the first film. This fact shows that a spatially continuous surface parallel structure, which was formed in masterbatches, is destroyed in the film and replaced by a heterogeneous mixture, which is usually observed.

Comparative example

Analogously to example 8, 70% by volume PP, Prime Polypro™ (MFR: 50) and 20% by volume pop-up layer, separated from unsalted butter, melted by heating to 60°C as a liquid additive, served side by introduction at constant flow rates in the intermediate point of the extruder, using a plunger pump. As a result, the oil phase is separated from the PP and is blown from the injection holes, and therefore, a mixture of unproductive extruded in the form of threads.

Example 9 (hydrophilic non-woven material)

Analogously to example 8, two component, i.e. 34% by volume LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 5), obtained by Japan Polyethylene Corporation, as (A) and 36% by volume PP, Prime Polypro™ (MFR: 5), obtained by Prime Polymer Co., Ltd., as (B), serves at constant flow rates of the feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with a high speed of rotation of the auger and additionally, 30% by volume of the molten surfactant glycerol monostearate as a liquid additive (C) serves lateral maintain at a constant feed speed at the intermediate point of the extruder, using a plunger is the ASAS. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of a wire, when the rotation speed of the screw, 1200 rpm, with a maximum temperature of 200°C, which is lower than the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and when the temperature of the head of the extruder, equal to 190°C. Extrudable the workpiece is cut using a hot knife, followed by cooling, thereby obtaining granules masterbatches composition with spatial-continuous parallel surface structure of example 9. In the process of getting masterbatches molten glycerol monostearate not blow it out of the injection holes. In addition, the granule is not sticky, and have no problems with technological characteristics.

Granules masterbatches boil in water with the ratio of water to the granules, 100:1, for 20 minutes in order to remove glycerol monostearate. Subsequently, the cross section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section is observed using SEM. As a result, find a parallel multi-layer structure, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

Six parts by weight of the fallopian mixture was diluted with 94 parts by weight of PP, Prime Polypro™ (MFR: 15), POLUChENNOGO Polymer Co., Ltd. A dilute solution is used in order to obtain the spunbond example 9, having a basic weight of 30 g/m2melting and extruding commonly used method. When 1 ml of distilled water was added dropwise to the spunbond, using the eyedropper, spunbond instantly absorbs water, which indicates satisfactory hydrophilicity. The spunbond has a fiber diameter of approximately 20 μm. The content of glycerol monostearate PP fiber is not more than 1 wt%, and the thickness of the liquid additive containing the remaining 2% of the weight. the monostearate of glycerol, which is reputed to be present on the fiber surface, is calculated as approximately equal to 0.1 μm.

Example 10 (coating film)

Analogously to example 8, the three components, i.e. a 36% by volume LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 0,9), obtained by Japan Polyethylene Corporation, as (A), 34% by volume PP, Prime Polypro™ (MFR: 5), obtained by Prime Polymer Co., Ltd., as (B), and 30% by volume of the anti-corrosion agent DICHAN (nitrite dicyclohexylamine) as a liquid additive (C)is fed at constant speed feed from feeders twin-screw mixing extruder with a high speed of rotation of the auger. (A), (B) and (C), any two of which are separated by phase, melted and mixed, followed by extrusion in the form of a wire, when the speed of rotation of the auger, 1000 rpm, with a maximum t is mperature, equal to 160°C, which is lower than the temperature of pyrolysis (A) and (B), and the temperature of the extruder crosshead equal to 150°C. Extrudable the workpiece is cut using a hot knife, followed by cooling, thereby obtaining corrosion-resistant granules masterbatches composition with spatially continuous surface parallel structure of example 10. In the process of getting masterbatches molten DICHAN not blow it out of the injection holes. In addition, the granule is not sticky. Although the pellet is painted in a light brown color, no problems with technological characteristics.

The pellet masterbatches boil in water with the ratio of water to the granules of 100:1 for 20 minutes to remove DICHAN. Subsequently, the cross-section in the direction of extrusion and the other perpendicular cross-section is observed using SEM. As a result, find a parallel multi-layer structure, and, therefore, confirm that is formed spatially continuous surface parallel structure.

Six parts by weight of the fallopian mixture was diluted with 94 parts by weight of LDPE, NOVATEC™ (MFR: 0,9)received Japan Polyethylene Corporation. A dilute solution is used in order to obtain a corrosion-resistant film obtained by blowing, example 10, having a thickness of 100 μm, and W is Rina 20 cm, commonly used method. Although this film contains approximately 1.8 g/m2DICHAN, the film is almost colourless and slightly translucent. DICHAN shows his anti-corrosion ability, when he is kept in air at a concentration of 5 mg/l or more. This film is used in order to obtain a cylindrical anti-corrosion package of example 10, the width of which is 20 cm and length 30 cm Package had a maximum capacity of air, equal to about 3 L. the weight of the film used to obtain the service was 8 g/packet, and the contents of DICHAN was 144 mg/packet. When approximately 10% of the weight. DICHAN contained in the gas phase of the package, the concentration of DICHAN reached a concentration that provided satisfactory anti-corrosion ability. Therefore, this shows that the corrosion protection ability can be maintained for quite a long time.

The above embodiments of, and examples are presented only to illustrate the present invention. The present invention is not limited to these examples. The basic polymer (A) and (B) may be a polymer mixtures of many thermoplastic polymers. For example, in example 2, a mixture of two LDPE having different molecular weight, can be used as (A), and a mixture of two PP with different molecular the popular weight can be used as (B). Although in this example, mixed polymers of the same type, it is possible to mix the polymers of different types.

Industrial applicability

The polymer composition of the present invention quasistable contains a large number of substances that are incompatible with the polymer matrix and, therefore, it is suitable for, for example, obtain molded products having different properties, such as activating the surface properties, release properties, corrosion properties and the like.

1. Polymer composition containing:
the first base polymer (A)containing at least a thermoplastic polymer selected from the group consisting of fluorocarbon polymers, ethylene polymers, addition polymers, their modified forms, polyesters, polyamides and condensation polymers;
the second base polymer (B)containing at least a thermoplastic polymer selected from the group consisting of fluorocarbon polymers, ethylene polymers, addition polymers, their modified forms, polyesters, polyamides and condensation polymers; and not having compatibility with the first main polymer (A); and
additive (S)containing at least a substance that is incompatible with any of the first basic polymer (a) and vtoro what about the basic polymer (B), moreover, the additive (C) is in the form of liquid or suspension at a temperature below the temperature of the pyrolysis of the first main polymer (A) and temperature pyrolysis of the second basic polymer (B)and additive (C) selected from the group consisting of thermoplastic polymers, thermoplastic oligomers, oils, pheromones, repellents, attractants, adhesives, surfactants, antiadhesives, antibacterial agents, antifungal agents, flame retardant agents, lubricants, agents with a low coefficient of friction, reinforcing fillers, conductive agents, insulating materials, aromatic chemicals, agricultural chemicals, sewing agents, corrosion funds and electrolytic solutions, where (A), (b) and (C) separated phase from each other, and the surface section, each of which is located between two phases (A), (b) and (C)are in contact with each other, forming a three-dimensional continuous parallel boundary surfaces, which are opposite sides of the layer that separates two areas in viroidnoj structure.

2. Polymer composition according to claim 1, in which at least one of (A), (b) and (C) is a gas-tight thermoplastic resin.

3. Polymer composition according to claim 3, in which the gas-tight thermoplastic resin is less the th least one of polyvinyl acetate copolymer, polyvinylidenechloride, thermoplastic polyacrylonitrile and polyamide.

4. Polymer composition according to claim 1, in which at least one of (A), (b) and (C) is a thermoplastic adhesive.

5. Polymer composition according to claim 4, in which thermoplastic adhesive is an adhesive to at least one of ceramic, metal, wood and plastic.

6. Molded dirt repellent composite product, which is a multi-layer structure polymer composition according to claim 4 or 5, and fluoropolymer molded product.

7. Polymer composition according to claim 1, in which at least one of (A), (b) and (C) is one of polyolefin polymers, modified polyolefin polymers and polymer blends containing at least one polyolefin polymer and a modified polyolefin polymers.

8. Polymer composition according to claim 1, in which at least one of (A), (b) and (C) is one of fluoropolymers, modified fluoropolymer and polymer blends containing at least one fluoropolymer and modified fluoropolymers.

9. Molded product containing the polymer composition according to claim 1 as its parts.

10. A molded product obtained by diluting the polymer composition according to claim 1 one of (A), (b) and p the materials, which is compatible with (A) or (B), and forming a dilute solution of the polymer composition.

11. Molded product of claim 10 containing film obtained from (C) and having a thickness of from 0.001 to 2 μm on its surface.

12. Molded product according to any one of p-11, which is obtained by molding, extrusion or injection molding.

13. Molded product according to item 12, in which (C) is one of the edible oils, adhesives and anti-corrosion agents, and the molded product is obtained in the form of a film.

14. Molded product according to item 12, in which (C) is a surface-active substance and a molded product is obtained in the form of a film or fiber.

15. Molded product according to any one of p-11, in which at least one of (A), (b) and (C) is a substance having an electric resistance equal to 1015Ω·cm or more.

16. Molded product according to item 15, which is a filter containing received by the blowing of the melt non-woven material or a multilayer structure obtained by the blowing of the melt nonwoven material.

17. Gasket for heat exchangers or condensers, where the gasket is produced from a film or a fiber-containing polymer composition of claim 8.

18. Molded product containing the polymer composition according to claim 1, where the electrically conductive agent is thermoplastically vysokoskorostnoi composition.

19. Fluid with the flow, where the fluid comprises a mixture of polymeric composition according to claim 1 in the form of powder and liquid.

20. The ink containing the polymer composition according to claim 1.

21. Paint containing polymer composition according to claim 1.

22. Molded product containing the polymer composition according to claim 1 where (C) is a metal or an inorganic substance.

23. Molded product according to item 22, in which the metal is tin or an alloy based on tin.

24. Polymer composition according to claim 1, in which (C) is a catalyst for curing epoxy polymers.

25. Powder catalyst containing polymer composition according to paragraph 24, where the catalyst for curing epoxy polymer is a compound based on imidazole.



 

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5 cl, 2 tbl, 16 ex

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer microporous polyethylene membrane and storage battery made thereof. Proposed membrane has at least two microporous layers. One layer (a) of polyethylene resin A contains high-density polyethylene A with 0.2 and more end vinyl groups per 10 000 carbon atoms defined by IR-spectroscopy. Second microporous layer (b) of polyethylene resin B contains high-density polyethylene A with smaller than 0.2 end vinyl groups per 10 000 carbon atoms defined by IR-spectroscopy. Said membrane is produced by two methods. First method comprises simultaneous extrusion of solutions of polyethylene resins A and B through spinneret, cooling of extrudate, removing of solvent and laminating. Second method comprises extrusion of said solutions through different spinnerets. Said membrane is used to produce storage battery separator.

EFFECT: well-balanced characteristics of melting and cutting-off, good forming property of film and separator and anti-oxidation properties.

4 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: according to the invention, an organic/inorganic composite divider contains a porous substrate with pores; and a porous active layer containing a mixture of inorganic particles and a binding polymer which covers at least one surface of said porous substrate. The porous active layer is characterised by a thickness-through composition morphology heterogeneity where the quantitative relation 'binding polymer/inorganic particles' on the surface layer is higher than the quantitative relation 'binding polymer/inorganic particles' inside the surface layer.

EFFECT: improved performance of an accumulator.

28 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention refers to the field of organic-inorganic composite porous separator and battery thereof. According to the invention the separator includes (a) porous support; and (b) organic-inorganic composite layer formed by the coating of at least one area selected from the group consisting of the support surface and part of the support pores with the mixture of inorganic porous particles and binding polymer. The inorganic porous particles having great number of macropores with diametre 50 nm or more form thus the porous structure. In addition the present invention provides the method of fabrication of organic-inorganic porous separator and battery thereof. Since due to numerous pores existing in the inorganic particle itself the additional paths for lithium ions are created the decrease of battery efficiency can be minimised and due to mass loss the gravimetric energy density can be increased.

EFFECT: increase of gravimetric energy density.

17 cl, 10 dwg, 2 tbl, 11 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mixture of polypropylenes basically contains a first homopolypropylene and a second homopolypropylene. MFR of the first homopolypropylene is higher than that of the second homopolypropylene. The weight fraction of the second homopolypropylene in the mixture of polypropylenes ranges from at least 3 wt % to a maximum of 25 wt %, wherein the remaining portion of the mixture of polypropylenes is basically composed of the first homopolypropylene. The second homopolypropylene has MFR, according to ISO 1133, from 0.7 to 14 g/10 min (230°C/2.16 kg). The difference between the MFR of the second homopolypropylene and the MFR of the first homopolypropylene is at least 10 g/10 min, and the upper limit of the MFR of the first homopolypropylene is 55 g/10 min (230°C/2.16 kg), according to ISO 1133. The mixture 'basically' contains only these two homopolypropylenes as polymers. The mixture can be added to a dopant or other additives except polymers. The mixture is obtained by separately feeding the first and second homopolypropylenes into an extruder.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain high-expandability spunbonded nonwoven material from the corresponding mixture of polypropylenes.

26 cl, 4 dwg, 9 tbl

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method to manufacture a textile cover (2) from a linen (3) of fibre containing: a rear surface (8B), the first area (5), the second area (7) and a front surface (8A), besides, the first area is the area of adhesion, in which fibres (4) of the linen (3) are integrated into a dense woven structure (5), retaining these fibres (4), and which is arranged only in part of the linen (3) thickness (6), and the second area (7) is arranged in the other part of the linen (3) thickness (6) up to the specified front surface (8A). The method is characterised by the fact that according to the method a) the AC electric field is applied to the linen (3), at least front or rear (8A, 8B) sides of which carries a thermomelting powdery binder (12), besides, this powdery binder (12) is introduced into the linen (3) from the fibre (4) so that the specified binder (12) is concentrated in the first area (5). Then c) the binder (12) is exposed to melting by heat supply; then d) the binder (12) is left until hardening or exposed to hardening.

EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of a textile cover without deterioration of cover mechanical properties.

18 cl, 4 ex, 4 dwg

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: textile fabric joined with a binding system comprises the following, wt %, dry weight: 10-90 water dispersion of polymerizates on the basis of conjugated aliphatic dienes and vinyl aromatic compounds, 10-90 starch, 0-10 additives, where the fabric is a nonwoven material.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve the ability of fabrics to preserve dimensions under high temperatures with preservation of flexibility, ageing and stability properties.

26 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: proposed electret linen which contain a mixture of thermoplastic resin and additives to create a charge. Additives to create a charge include trianilinetriazine materials substituted by ester and substituted by amide. The linen made from mixtures may take the form of films or fabrics of woven fibrous material. The linen of woven microfibre material is suitable for use as a filtering medium. The invention provides a electret linen which can easily be charged using different charging mechanisms, such as corona charge excited by direct current, hydrocharge or a combination thereof.

EFFECT: electret linen has the ability for relative long-lasting charge retention.

25 cl, 5 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electretic fabrics representing a mixture of a thermoplastic resin and an additive to strengthen charge containing N-substituted aminocarbocyclic aromatic materials produced from mixtures in the form of films or nonwoven fibre cloths.

EFFECT: easier charging of such fabric.

25 cl, 3 tbl

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: to form a double-component fibre with the speed of not higher than 1300 m/min, polyethylene terephthalate is used as a fibre-forming component, and a thermoadhesive component of resin - a crystalline thermoplastic resin with melting temperature that is at least 20°C lower than the melting temperature of the fibre-forming component. A non-drawn thread of the double-component fibre is drawn in cold condition 1.05-1.3 times, relaxed and thermally shrunk at the temperature that is 10°C higher that vitrification temperatures of both components. Fibre has relative elongation at rupture 130-600%, rupture strength at 100% tension - from 0.3 to 1.0 sN/dtex and shrinkage after treatment with dry heat at 120°C by less than - 1.0.

EFFECT: fibre has higher bulking power, and material made from it - good drape effect.

6 cl, 6 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: spunbonded web from polyolefin threads with thread titre from 1 to 1.3 dtex, besidesm polyolefin threads are produced from metallocene polypropylene (t-PP). The spunbonded web is exposed to thermal strengthening, has surface density from 4 to 12 g/m2 and volume density in the range from 0.06 to 0.073 g/cm3, and also the maximum stretching force from 9.5 to 62 n in direction of the machine and from 4.5 to 35 n across machine direction, air permeability from 3900 to 8350 l/(m2xs) and a water column from 7 to 11 cm. Also a laminated is proposed, formed at least from two layers of nonwoven materials, besides, at least one layer comprises a lighter above-specified spunboded web. The spunbonded web and laminate are used to produce personal hygiene items, napkins, filters, wound dressings, covers in field crop cultivation and vegetable growing.

EFFECT: improved mechanical and barrier properties.

8 cl, 7 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method includes extrusion of a single polymer system from a melt of a crystallising amorphous polymer to produce multiple fibres. Conditions for polymer processing are developed, when the first polymer components is produced, being at least partially crystalline, and the second polymer component, being mainly amorphous, is made. Fibres are deposited onto a fitted surface in order to produce a web that contains partially both the crystalline first polymer component and the amorphous second polymer component. Fibres are glued to each other in order to produce a nonwoven cloth with glued fibres, in which the amorphous second polymer component is softened and melted, forming compounds with the first polymer component. The second polymer component is crystallised, as a result of which both specified polymer components in the produced nonwoven material are at least partially crystalline. At the same the treatment conditions are selected from a group that includes the following: a) fibres of the first polymer component are exposed to voltage that initiates crystallisation, and fibres of the second polymer component are exposed to voltage, which is not sufficient to initiate crystallisation, at the same time stages of the first and second polymer components exposure to voltage for initiation or non-initiation of crystallisation, include extrusion of fibres at differing stages of extrusion; b) fibres of the first polymer component are exposed to voltage, which initiates crystallisation, and fibres of the second polymer component are exposed to voltage, which is not sufficient to initiate crystallisation, at the same time stages of exposure at the first and second polymer components with voltage for initiation or non-initiation of crystallisation include provision of reduced characteristic viscosity of polymer in the polymer of the second polymer component relative to the characteristic viscosity of polymer of the first polymer component. This method produces a nonwoven material from fibres glued along area, containing matrix and binding fibres made from the single polymer system of semi-crystalline thermoplastic polymer melt. As a result, a strong adhesive nonwoven material is produced, in which matrix fibres have relatively high characteristic viscosity, and binding fibres have relatively low characteristic viscosity. At the same time fibres of nonwoven material have single peak of melting by data of differential scanning calorimetry DSC diagram.

EFFECT: reduced shrinkage of nonwoven material, reduced costs and increased efficiency of nonwoven material production process.

38 cl, 16 dwg, 6 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method includes extrusion of a single polymer system from a melt of a crystallising amorphous polymer to produce multiple fibres. Conditions for polymer processing are developed, when the first polymer components is produced, being at least partially crystalline, and the second polymer component, being mainly amorphous, is made. Fibres are deposited onto a fitted surface in order to produce a web that contains partially both the crystalline first polymer component and the amorphous second polymer component. Fibres are glued to each other in order to produce a nonwoven cloth with glued fibres, in which the amorphous second polymer component is softened and melted, forming compounds with the first polymer component. The second polymer component is crystallised, as a result of which both specified polymer components in the produced nonwoven material are at least partially crystalline. At the same the treatment conditions are selected from a group that includes the following: a) fibres of the first polymer component are exposed to voltage that initiates crystallisation, and fibres of the second polymer component are exposed to voltage, which is not sufficient to initiate crystallisation, at the same time stages of the first and second polymer components exposure to voltage for initiation or non-initiation of crystallisation, include extrusion of fibres at differing stages of extrusion; b) fibres of the first polymer component are exposed to voltage, which initiates crystallisation, and fibres of the second polymer component are exposed to voltage, which is not sufficient to initiate crystallisation, at the same time stages of exposure at the first and second polymer components with voltage for initiation or non-initiation of crystallisation include provision of reduced characteristic viscosity of polymer in the polymer of the second polymer component relative to the characteristic viscosity of polymer of the first polymer component. This method produces a nonwoven material from fibres glued along area, containing matrix and binding fibres made from the single polymer system of semi-crystalline thermoplastic polymer melt. As a result, a strong adhesive nonwoven material is produced, in which matrix fibres have relatively high characteristic viscosity, and binding fibres have relatively low characteristic viscosity. At the same time fibres of nonwoven material have single peak of melting by data of differential scanning calorimetry DSC diagram.

EFFECT: reduced shrinkage of nonwoven material, reduced costs and increased efficiency of nonwoven material production process.

38 cl, 16 dwg, 6 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves saturating fibre with an alcohol solution or aqueous emulsion containing 0.5-10.5% oligo(3-aminopropyl)(octyl)ethoxysiloxane, drying in air and forming a nonwoven web followed by needling. Thermal treatment at 100-140°C for 5-10 minutes is carried out in order to hold the oligo(3-aminopropyl)(octyl)ethoxysiloxane on the surface of the fibre.

EFFECT: nonwoven material has high strength, sorption capacity, water absorption and soaking capacity.

5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mixture of polypropylenes basically contains a first homopolypropylene and a second homopolypropylene. MFR of the first homopolypropylene is higher than that of the second homopolypropylene. The weight fraction of the second homopolypropylene in the mixture of polypropylenes ranges from at least 3 wt % to a maximum of 25 wt %, wherein the remaining portion of the mixture of polypropylenes is basically composed of the first homopolypropylene. The second homopolypropylene has MFR, according to ISO 1133, from 0.7 to 14 g/10 min (230°C/2.16 kg). The difference between the MFR of the second homopolypropylene and the MFR of the first homopolypropylene is at least 10 g/10 min, and the upper limit of the MFR of the first homopolypropylene is 55 g/10 min (230°C/2.16 kg), according to ISO 1133. The mixture 'basically' contains only these two homopolypropylenes as polymers. The mixture can be added to a dopant or other additives except polymers. The mixture is obtained by separately feeding the first and second homopolypropylenes into an extruder.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain high-expandability spunbonded nonwoven material from the corresponding mixture of polypropylenes.

26 cl, 4 dwg, 9 tbl

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