Method to develop heating devices based on resistive film elements

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to develop heating devices based on resistive film elements is carried out by cutting sections from a heat film roll, which are connected by current-conducting buses with a stapler with the help of brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections and with assembly wires are coated with an insulating tape. The current-conducting bus is a solid copper bus. Connection of the current-conducting bus and the wire is carried out by wire bending and fixation with brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections are glued with a heat-resistant insulating tape, which is applied at one side of the insulated heat film, and the second side is insulated, bending the insulating tape along the line of heat film cutting.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to accelerate process of assembly, to increase heat emission and to reduce its cost.

1 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular the creation of heating devices for heating floors, walls, ceilings, etc.

Resistive film element - the film consists of two layers of Mylar insulation, between which is placed a film heating elements in the form of continuous tapes. From a roll of film are cut into segments - blank for future heating devices. Tape in lengths must be cross-connected with each other and with mounting wires so that the heating device can be connected to the network.

Known heating devices system l" (http://www.caleo.ru/floor/montaz in which the elements of the heating devices are mounted using special copper contact clamps.

Disadvantages are: high cost of special clamps, low mounted, as an element of the heating device is held only by the force of the bend of the clip and the complexity of the switching adjacent tape sections together.

Known heating device based on the resistive film element of the "Avis" (www.avisnsk.ru), in which the heating elements are attached with rivets.

The disadvantage of the above-mentioned heating device is a complicated switching of neighboring bands of segments of the heating elements between them.

The closest agrevate inim device based on the resistive film elements, adopted for the prototype, a heating device, manufactured by JSC Plant "Lit" (website www.zavodlit.ru). Pieces of tape film commute with each other using the conductive tyres, made from strips of copper foil, folded several times. Mounting the conductive tires and pieces of tape film is carried out by the stapler with staples. The connection wires with conductive busbar is done by soldering, and their junction is insulated with PVC tape. When the width of the tape 50 mm for insulation are cut two segments of the tape and glued on both sides of the connection.

The disadvantages of the prototype are:

the use of foil, folded several times, as a conductive tire unreasonably expensive and labor-intensive;

- the procedure of gluing pieces of electrical tape in its width 50 mm with two sides requires a certain skill;

- when heated, the heating elements above 50°With a layer of acrylic is applied in most PVC isolant, diluted and broken electrical contact, which further heats the connection and displays it fails to address this shortcoming in the prototype used strip of more heat-resistant PET film between the tape and compound, which complicates the installation.

- when quality soldering wire with conductive tyres Mylar insulation of the unit's electric the selected elements is melted and broken contact clips and the heating element, and when slightly heated brackets when soldering turns loose solder connection.

The objective of the invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the creation of the heating devices based on the resistive film elements by cutting segments from a roll of film, which connect the conductive tires stapler with staples, place of connection conductive tires with cuts of the film and with mounting wires covered with insulating tape, as conductive bus used solid copper bus, the connection conductive bus and perform wire-bending wire and fixed with staples, place of connection conductive tires with cuts of the film heat-resistant glue tape, which is applied to one side of the insulated film, and the second side is isolated by folding the tape, poudel along the line of cut of the film.

Figure 1 presents the film connected with stapler and copper bus bars, with one side of the connection marked with adhesive tape.

Figure 2 presents the isolation of the second side of the connection by bending the tape along the cut edge of the film.

Figure 3 presents the switching wires, copper bars and film, top view.

4 shows the switching wires, copper bars and thermo is Lenka, bottom view.

The method of heating of floors, walls, ceilings, etc. is carried out by laying pieces of film, which are mounted stapler with conductive copper tyres, tyre using a stapler attached mounting wires to connect the device to the power source, the junctions are sealed with heat-resistant tape.

As the conductive bus used copper bus size (0,16·16) mm, its cross section is of 2.56 mm2that allows connection of load up to 5 kW. Replacement foil for copper dropped preparation operation bus - just cut a piece of copper bus bars required length.

The connection of the copper conductive tires with cuts of the film carried by the brackets and the respective stapler. Stapler and staples penetrate copper bus and the film is thereby being switched tires and film - heating element. Mounting a wire to connect the heating device is attached to the bus also stapler without soldering. Isolation joints are made with heat-resistant tape. The melting point of the tape exceeds the melting point of Mylar insulation film heating elements.

In addition, the optimal width of the tape for the proposed method is the width of 80 mm, which allows to apply it only on the one is part of the insulated film, and the second side to isolate, by folding the tape over the cut edge of the film so that both sides of the width of the insulating layer is 40 mm, a Simplified method of applying insulation reduces the time for the operation up to 5 times, and reduce the consumption of electrical tape by 20%.

Thus, the method for creating the heating devices based on the resistive film elements can accelerate the process of erection, to increase heat transfer and reduce its cost.

The way to create heating devices based on the resistive film elements by cutting segments from a roll of film, which connect with the conductive tires stapler with staples, place of connection conductive tires with cuts of the film and with mounting wires covered with insulating tape, wherein as the conductive bus used solid copper bus, the connection conductive bus and perform wire-bending wire and fixed with staples, place of connection conductive tires with cuts of the film kleut heat-resistant tape, which is applied to one side of the insulated film, and the second side is isolated by folding the tape along the cut edge of the film.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structure comprises bearing layer, in which at least one slot is provided, passing from layer surface deep down. Slot is intended to locate line to maintain even temperature. Slot has several sections, axes of which are displaced and/or arranged at the angle relative to each other. Sections follow each other directly or via transition parts. For fixation of line at least one lateral side of slot in specified areas in sections of slot and/or on transition sections is partially arranged with undercut. Slot continuously narrows to its mouth in one area between bottom and mouth of slot.

EFFECT: simple and reliable fixation of line for maintenance of even temperature.

18 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydron or panel radiant heating or cooling systems used for heating living quarters and production facilities, and can be used in floor heating or cooling system both in independent systems wherein thermal conditions are provided by various heat sources, and in central heating system. Floor heating system of living quarters and production facilities consists of supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer means, which are arranged in parallel grooves that are located at an equal distance from each other and routed in upper surface of heating panels above which there installed is heat-conducting surface. In the grooves of heating panels there arranged is a set of jet-type tubes serving as heat energy transfer means and made in the form of separate sealed metal housings with evaporation and condensation zones, into inner cavity of which there pumped in vacuum is liquid heat conductor, at that, each of those tubes is connected to supply pipeline at an angle of 2-3° relative to the base of heating panels.

EFFECT: reducing the volume of heat carrier and decreasing costs required for fuel and energy, reducing heating time and time of response to change of heating loads, and simplifying the system design and operation thereof.

3 tbl, 4 dwg

Plate heating panel // 2278332

FIELD: hot-water central heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: plate heating panel comprises top and bottom plates made in block one opposite to the other to define inner passage for hot water, a number of joining members each of which passes symmetrically from the top and bottom plates to the bottom and top plates and connects the top plate with the bottom plate, inner passage for hot water defined by a number of joining members, and two connecting members for supplying and discharging hot water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

1 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.

SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.

EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.

6 cl, 10 dwg

The invention relates to a heating and/or cooling buildings, such as residential or office premises

Studded plate // 2220378
The invention relates to a studded plate for laying pipes embedded in the floor or wall heating or cooling devices

The invention relates to a heating

The invention relates to a heating engineer and is intended for heating mainly residential premises

Panel for heating // 2208205
The invention relates to Central heating systems, in particular to the heating systems in the exterior wall panels for residential, public and industrial buildings

FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.

SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.

EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.

6 cl, 10 dwg

Plate heating panel // 2278332

FIELD: hot-water central heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: plate heating panel comprises top and bottom plates made in block one opposite to the other to define inner passage for hot water, a number of joining members each of which passes symmetrically from the top and bottom plates to the bottom and top plates and connects the top plate with the bottom plate, inner passage for hot water defined by a number of joining members, and two connecting members for supplying and discharging hot water.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

1 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydron or panel radiant heating or cooling systems used for heating living quarters and production facilities, and can be used in floor heating or cooling system both in independent systems wherein thermal conditions are provided by various heat sources, and in central heating system. Floor heating system of living quarters and production facilities consists of supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer means, which are arranged in parallel grooves that are located at an equal distance from each other and routed in upper surface of heating panels above which there installed is heat-conducting surface. In the grooves of heating panels there arranged is a set of jet-type tubes serving as heat energy transfer means and made in the form of separate sealed metal housings with evaporation and condensation zones, into inner cavity of which there pumped in vacuum is liquid heat conductor, at that, each of those tubes is connected to supply pipeline at an angle of 2-3° relative to the base of heating panels.

EFFECT: reducing the volume of heat carrier and decreasing costs required for fuel and energy, reducing heating time and time of response to change of heating loads, and simplifying the system design and operation thereof.

3 tbl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structure comprises bearing layer, in which at least one slot is provided, passing from layer surface deep down. Slot is intended to locate line to maintain even temperature. Slot has several sections, axes of which are displaced and/or arranged at the angle relative to each other. Sections follow each other directly or via transition parts. For fixation of line at least one lateral side of slot in specified areas in sections of slot and/or on transition sections is partially arranged with undercut. Slot continuously narrows to its mouth in one area between bottom and mouth of slot.

EFFECT: simple and reliable fixation of line for maintenance of even temperature.

18 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to develop heating devices based on resistive film elements is carried out by cutting sections from a heat film roll, which are connected by current-conducting buses with a stapler with the help of brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections and with assembly wires are coated with an insulating tape. The current-conducting bus is a solid copper bus. Connection of the current-conducting bus and the wire is carried out by wire bending and fixation with brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections are glued with a heat-resistant insulating tape, which is applied at one side of the insulated heat film, and the second side is insulated, bending the insulating tape along the line of heat film cutting.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to accelerate process of assembly, to increase heat emission and to reduce its cost.

1 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to room floor heating and/or cooling systems and can be used for creation of optimum microclimate parameters in domestic and office buildings and structures. A floor heating (cooling) system containing a heat-insulating layer, a concrete layer with a low-inertia heat exchange coil arranged in it for circulation of a heat carrier or a cooling medium, which is located near the floor surface, a heat-conducting metallic material, additionally contains an accumulation heat exchange coil located deep in the concrete layer, with that, low-inertia and accumulation heat exchange coils are combined with bypass lines provided with gate valves and a circulating pump, and a metal mesh contacting the low-inertia heat exchange coil is used as a heat-conducting material.

EFFECT: invention allows increasing efficiency of use of cold (heat) accumulated in solid mass of the flooring and control of cold (heat) release to maintain the most optimum room microclimate parameters.

2 dwg

FIELD: energy.

SUBSTANCE: floor heating system of residential and industrial rooms, filled with heat carrier includes supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer tubes laid equidistant from each other. Set of tubes is connected with one end to one check valve, and with other end - to the second check valve located in the hydraulic pump. Hydraulic pump housing has corrugated metal pipe with thin wall, one end of which is connected to the supply pipeline, and the other is plugged, wherein the source of thermal energy through supply pipeline is connected with flow converter, connected through the return pipeline with a circulation pump and heat energy source.

EFFECT: it allows to increase heat transfer coefficient of heat exchange surfaces and increase capacity of heating system, as well as provide reliable heat carrier circulation in pipeline circuit.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to development of design solutions to create efficient, environmentally friendly buildings and structures, where the specified air temperature is maintained, and can be used in construction of facilities for heating and/or cooling rooms in residential and industrial buildings, warehouses and livestock farms, in greenhouses for heating the soil when growing early vegetables, by means of pipes with passing in them a heat carrier or a coolant. Assigned task is solved by that method of construction of energy-efficient structures, according to which a foundation is erected in a process sequence, on the foundation a base is installed, after that, wall are erected, then mounted are covering, elements of the roof and the roof, ventilation and heating system is mounted by means of which the specified temperature is maintained in premises, in the heating system to transfer the floor heat of the specified temperature heating mats are used, which are made modular in the form of multilayer panels, which are placed on a prepared base with a hydraulic insulating heat-reflecting layer and are connected to the power supply system of the structure. Herewith each heating mat is equipped with a thermal element and is made with a heat-insulating and a heat-accumulating layers, which are made from sieving into fractions of 3-16 mm of encapsulated porous aggregate, mainly, expanded clay, the porous aggregate is bound with a cement-glue composition only at contact points of capsules, herewith the aggregate layers are laid one by one and continuously by fractions, the heat-insulating layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 5-16 mm, the heat-retaining layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 3-10 mm, herewith the heat-insulating layer is laid with thickness of not less than 20 mm, and the heat-retaining layer - with thickness of not less than 30 mm and not less than 3.5 diameters of the thermal element. Besides, a system for maintaining temperature in the construction containing the heating device accommodating thermal elements for heating and heat transfer to the floor. Herewith the heating device is made in the form of a heating mat with a heat-insulation layer and a heat-retaining layer, and the thermal element is made in the form of a corrugated thin-wall pipe and is arranged in the heat-retaining layer between two metal grids mounted on distancers, inside the thermal element there is a heating element in the form of a wire or a spiral, which is made from a heat-resistant and chemical-resistant alloyed with rare-earth metals alloy, and the free thermal element inner space is filled with a mixture of non-conducting electricity-refractory, fire-refractory materials.

EFFECT: technical task of invention is to develop a project of a building and a structure, in which supported is a preset uniform temperature, for which a system for maintaining a preset temperature in a room shall be developed, including for this purpose a heating device shall be developed supporting the specified temperature.

7 cl, 3 dwg

Up!