System for filling containers

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: system (10) for filling a drinking container (20) with a beverage, having a first measuring device (12a; 12) which determines the maximum filling level (21) of the drinking container (20), which is defined by the top edge (21) of the drinking container (20); the measuring device (12a, 12, 12b) at least periodically determines the actual filling level (23), where in the system (10), a control means (13) automatically stops the filling level once the actual filling level (23) essentially matches the set filling level (22), wherein the set filling level (22) is determined from a predetermined or individually set distance (24) to the maximum filling level (21), wherein the first measuring device (12a; 12; 12b) continuously determines the actual filling level (23); the measuring device is in form of a chamber with an electronic sample recognition system.

EFFECT: cheap and reliable filling of vessels of any height.

7 cl, 2 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to a system for filling drinking vessels drinks.

The level of technology

Filling drinking containers of drinks known from the prior art. So, for example, DE 202005015254 U1 describes a device for the automatic filling of drinking vessels. This device is filled to capacity with transporting device serves on dispensarie device and there are filled. The device has an optical sensor which detects the level of a drinking vessel. When the preset filling level of the filling process ends. DE 10205944 A1 describes dispensarie device in various stages of automation. This product filled containers are automatically filled according to the filling process by means of electronic processing unit results. Next, DE 9213648 U1 describes a device for determining the fill level in a variety of containers. The height of the liquid level is determined using a sensor that works on optical or ultrasonic principle.

These are known from the prior art automatic filling have several disadvantages, among others, that the content is always depending on a specified amount or a specified level. In apostasies case, the system regardless of the form fill system always dispenses the same amount. If the content is focused on the level, the specific volume can be metered only in the case of vessels of the same size. If, for example, the system is configured to vessels with different diameters at the same height, they after completion of the filling process receive the same level of different volumes of liquid. Even more clearly the differences in the prior art are seen in the case when the system is configured to vessels of different heights. If, for example, one after the other are low capacity and high capacity, the content, based solely on the level or on a specified volume, can lead to the fact that in the first case, the low capacity of the spill, while high vessel will be filled enough.

Disclosure of inventions

Proceeding from this prior art, the present invention is the task of creating a system, which in the case of different fill containers ensures optimum filling. Under optimal content refers to the content, which in the case of any of the height of the tanks there is always a certain distance between the upper edge of the vessel and the liquid surface. At a certain distance here refers to the distance with a minimum deviation of actual value from the setpoint, and uh what about the deviation is less than 10%.

This problem is solved by filling drinking containers with signs according to claim 1 of the claims. Preferential options for implementation and development of the invention, which can be used separately or in combination with each other, are the subject of dependent claims.

Proposed by the invention, the filling system drinking capacity beverage is characterized by the fact that in this system the first measuring device determines the maximum fill level fill drinking capacity, defined by the upper edge of the drinking vessel. While the first or second measuring device at least cyclically sets the current actual level and management tool automatically interrupts the filling process as soon as the current actual level will essentially coincide with the set specified level. When this predetermined level is determined from the specified or individually specified distances up to the maximum level. Through this, compared with the prior art significantly improves the automatic filling. Due to the fact that the maximum level defined by the upper edge of the drinking vessel, and the actual level is determined separately, to thetsa, in the case of containers of any height are always guaranteed a certain distance between the liquid surface and the top edge of the container.

The predominant turned out to be, if the system has a program, which can be programmed calculate the distance between the liquid surface and the top edge of the tank. If, for example, is filling the tank, after filling must be transported to another location, it is preferable to increase the distance between the upper edge of the vessel and the liquid surface. By this it is guaranteed that when different transport operations the contents of the tank will not be shed. If, on the contrary, when it is filled to the capacity, which should be emptied on site or in the immediate vicinity of the site content, the more favorable it can be a reduction of the distance between the upper edge of the vessel and the liquid surface. The predominant is, if the system contains a program with which the user can set a certain distance between the liquid surface and the top edge. For example, pressing the programmed distance between the liquid surface and the top edge may be displayed on the display and, if necessary, can be changed by entering the and the keyboard.

The predominant is, if the first or second measuring device continuously sets the current actual level.

Particularly advantageous if the second measuring device is a proximity sensor.

In a preferred implementation, the first and/or second measuring device is a camera with an electronic pattern recognition system.

This is particularly advantageous, if the second measuring device operates on the basis of infrared radiation or on the basis of ultrasound.

In a particularly preferred variant of the implementation of the at least one camera is a 3D-camera. The advantage of this is that through spatial representation can be passed information about the depth.

In a preferred variant of realization of the specified fill level is determined depending on the temperature of the bottled beverage. This means user a significant advantage in convenience and security content. If, for example, in a container filled with a liquid with a very high temperature, prior may be, if the distance between the upper edge of the vessel and the liquid surface is chosen large. The advantage is that when first SIP of the liquid decreases ASO the efficiency of the burn. If the tank is filled with liquid cooler temperatures, on the contrary, the distance between the liquid surface and the top edge of the vessel can be chosen smaller, since in this case there is no danger of burns.

Particularly advantageous if the drink is poured with the help of this system, is water.

This is especially predominant is, if the system in the preferred embodiment, the implementation is part of vodorazdelinoe device. Vodorazdelny devices are used in a wide variety of different places, such as shopping centers, medical clinics and offices. Due to the fact that in these places tend to avoid additional waste created by disposable cups, but also because of the arising costs has thus increased demand for vodorazdelny device or similar devices that regardless of the filled vessel is securely provide uniform filling.

Proposed by the invention, the system ensures cost-effective and reliable filling of the vessels of any height.

Brief description of drawings

Other advantages and variations of the invention are explained below with the help of different implementations, which, however, do not limit the present invention, and refer to the coy to the accompanying drawings.

They schematically shown following.

Figure 1: schematic view of the first variant implementation of the system.

Figure 2: schematic view of another variant of implementation of the system.

The implementation of the invention

In the following description of the preferred variants of realization of the present invention the same item numbers indicate identical or comparable components.

1 schematically shows an embodiment of the system 10 for filling a drinking vessel 20. This system 10 includes a measuring device 12, which determines the maximum level 21 fill fill drinking vessel 20 defined by the upper edge 21 of the drinking vessel 20, as well as the current actual level 23 filling. This measuring device 12 is a camera with an electronic pattern recognition system, the camera is tilted above the drinking capacity of 20. Filling module 11 is perpendicular to over fill the drinking capacity of 20, while the measuring device 12 is inclined above the drinking capacity of 20. In addition, the system 10 includes means 13 of the control. This tool 13, the control is automatically interrupts the filling process as soon as the current actual level 23 filling essentially matches the specified level, 22 filling, and the specified level 22 filling identify Elaida from a predefined or individually determined distance of 24 to a maximum fill level 21. Figure 1 shows a distance 24 from the predetermined level 22 fill up to the maximum fill level 21, which is suitable for cold drinks. Set or individually determined distance 24 in the case of cold drink is relatively small and ranges from 2 to 5 cm

Figure 2 schematically shows another embodiment of the system 10 for filling a drinking vessel 20. The system 10 for filling a drinking vessel 20 contains the first measuring device 12A, which determines the maximum level 21 fill fill drinking vessel 20 defined by the upper edge 21 of the drinking vessel 20. In addition, the system 10 includes a second measuring device 12b, at least cyclically determines the current actual level 23 filling. In addition, the system includes means 13 of the control, which automatically interrupts the filling process taking place through the filling module 11, as soon as the current actual level 23 filling essentially matches the specified level 22 filling. Figure 2 shows the distance 24 from the predetermined level 22 fill up to the maximum fill level 21, and the distance 24 is suitable for hot drinks. In the case of hot drinks this distance is 24 more than in the case of cold drinks to avoid the risk of scalding propertyh glotka fluid. Set or individually determined distance 24 is in the case of a hot beverage from 5 to 8, see

Proposed by the invention system 10 efficiently and reliably ensures optimum filling of the vessels of any height.

The list of designations

10 System, filling system

11 Filling module

12, 12A, the First measuring device to establish a maximum level defined by the upper edge 3 of the drinking vessel 2

12b, the Second measuring device to establish current actual level of drinking capacity 2

13 management System

20 Drinking capacity

21 the edge of the drinking vessel 20, the maximum filling level

22 a Specified level

23 the Actual filling level of the liquid surface

24 the Distance.

1. The system (10) for filling a drinking container (20) drink, in which the first measuring device (12A; 12) determines the maximum level (21) fill fill drinking container (20), set the top edge (21) of the drinking container (20); a first measuring device (12A; 12) or the second measuring device (12b) at least cyclically determines the current actual level (23) fill in the system (10) medium (13), the control is automatically interrupts the filling process as soon as the actual the actual level (23) fill essentially coincides with the set specified level (22) filling, with a specified level (22) of the fill is determined from a predefined or individually specified distance (24) to the maximum level (21) of the filling, and the first measuring device (12A; 12) or the second measurement (12b) continuously determines the current actual level (23) filling, characterized in that the first measuring device (12; 12A) and/or the second measuring device (12b) provided camera with electronic pattern recognition system.

2. The system (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that the second measuring device (12b) is a proximity sensor.

3. The system (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that the second measuring device (12b) works on the basis of infrared radiation.

4. The system (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one camera is a 3D-camera.

5. The system (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that the specified level (22) of the fill is determined depending on the temperature of the bottled beverage.

6. The system (10) according to claim 4, wherein the beverage is water.

7. The system (10) according to one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the system (10) is part of vodorazdelinoe device.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport, distribution.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises filling the tank with fluid and semi-fluid mixes, setting volumetric portion of mixes and draining said tank in dispensing said mixes. Mix level capacitive transducer is arranged inside tank along its height to be filled with mixes at a time with said tank. Structural characteristics of transducer and electrical performances depending thereon are invariable over its height in empty state of both transducer and tank. Maximum and minimum tank mix levels are set by appropriate transducers. Tank filling is terminated when mix level reaches that of mix top level transducer and started when it reaches that of mix bottom level transducer. Electric oscillation signal is generated at capacitive transducer. Electric oscillation signal amplitude is measured at capacitive transducer. Mix level signal is generated subject to measured electric oscillation signal amplitude at capacitive transducer. With top level transducer level reached by mix level, product of height from tolerable top to bottom mix levels and said electric oscillation amplitude is determined for said time interval. Mix level signal is corrected in relation to measured electric oscillation signal amplitude at capacitative transducer. With tank drained at beginning of another proportioning cycle, initial mix level generated signal is determined. Final proportioning mix level signal is defined as difference between mix level initial signal and quotient of mix volumetric portion and tank horizontal section inner area. Definite final level signal is compared with corrected mix level signal to terminate volumetric proportioning of mixes if said signals are equal. Proposed device comprises tank, mix level capacitative transducer, mix top and bottom level transducers, electric oscillation generator, signal transducer, pump and shutter control unit, pump and shutter assemblies and mix measured level indicator. Output of said generator is connected with capacitative transducer and signal transducer input. Mix top level transducer output is connected to first input of pump and shutter control unit with its second input and outputs connected to mix top level transducer output and appropriate inputs of pump and shutter assembly. Proposed device comprises also selector, setter of top measured mix level signal, mix portion and next mix proportioning moment start, computer and comparator. Signal transducer output is connected to computer first input and selector first signal input. To selector second control input connected is connection of mix top level transducer output, pump and shutter control unit first input and comparator output. Selector output is connected with computer second input. Computer third and fourth inputs are connected to first and second outputs of top measured mix level and next proportioning moment setting unit. Computer first input is connected to mix measured level indicator input and comparator first inverting input while its second output is connected to comparator second non-inverting input.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of control and proportioning.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of manufacturing processes in machine building and is meant for automating technological processes related to monitoring and controlling liquid media. The device is made in form of two functional assemblies and has three terminals for programming its functionalities and four outputs. The device has two level sensors, two multivibrators, capacitors, two detectors, two sensitivity controllers, two threshold elements, a differentiator, a JK flip-flop, a unit for establishing initial state, two repeaters and two display units. When the first and second programming terminals are closed and when the third programming terminal is connected to the third output, the device is transformed into a system for monitoring and controlling liquid level with its excited surface using the first and second outputs, which provides the mode for monitoring and maintaining the liquid level at a fixed height and the mode for filling and emptying the reservoir. When the first and second programming terminals are open and the third programming terminal is connected to the third output, the device is transformed into a system for monitoring and controlling liquid with its calm surface in the mode for monitoring and maintaining the liquid level at a fixed height and in the mode for filling and emptying the reservoir. The device provides vertical, horizontal and combined (vertical mounting of one and horizontal mounting of the other functional assembly) mounting methods.

EFFECT: increased functionalities of the device and wider range of controlled loads and mounting methods.

6 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of computer-aided manufacturing in machine building and is provided for workflow automation, related to control and regulation of liquid mediums. Device is structurally implemented in the form of one functional assembly, including conductometric sensor of liquid level, connected to sensitivity control, detectors, connected to second lead sensitivity control, threshold elements, connected to detectors, differentiator, unit for placement into initial state, JK- trigger, monostable circuit, replicator and indicator units. Additionally device contains three programming leads of its functional capabilities and four outlets. At closed first and second programming leads and connection of the third programming lead to third device outlet it is transformed into control and regulation system of liquid level with its agitated surface and usage of the first and the second outlets of device, providing verification and liquid level control mode at fixed height. At opened first and second programming leads and connected to each other third programming lead and third outlet of the device it is transformed into monitoring and regulation system of liquid with its smooth surface in the mode of monitoring and keeping of liquid level at its fixed height. At disconnected programming leads device is transformed into warning assembly of monitoring of top level of liquid with usage of the third outlet of device or warning assembly of monitoring of bottom level of liquid with usage of fourth outlet of device. Device provides vertical and horizontal methods of erection.

EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities of the device and increasing of nomenclature of controllable loads and methods of its erection and also improvement of operational performance.

5 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of computer-aided manufacturing in machine building and is provided for workflow automation, related to control and regulation of liquid mediums. Device is structurally implemented in the form of two functional assemblies and allows two programming leads of functional capabilities and four outlets. At closed programming leads device is transformed into monitoring and regulation system of liquid level with usage of the first and the second outlets of device, providing monitoring mode and keeping of liquid level at fixed height and mode of filling and emptying of a reservoir with liquids. At open programming leads device is transformed into set of level control of top and bottom levels of controlled liquid of conducted type, outlets of which are correspondingly the third and the fourth outlets of the device. Device provides vertical, horizontal and complex (vertical installation of one and horizontal installation of other functional assembly) methods of installation. Device provides setting of control accuracy of liquid level in control mode and keeping of liquid level at its fixed height. Invention provides control of loads in the form of electromagnetic relay, two windings of contactor starter and outlets of logic elements.

EFFECT: extended capabilities of device by means of providing of regulation of liquid flows level at fixed height with ability of programming of its functional capabilities and nomenclature increasing of controllable loads and methods of its installation.

5 dwg

FIELD: physics, measuring.

SUBSTANCE: system contains a consistently joined comparison device - the adder, a digital controller of the fluid flux rate, object the regulations sweepped by a feedback, digital correcting proportional and integrated controllers, comparison devices, the block of insert of a correcting proportional controller and the filter of low frequencies. Current values of level of a fluid in capacity-collection from an exit of object of regulation arrive on an inlet of the filter of low frequencies and on an inlet of the block of insert of a correcting proportional controller.

EFFECT: increase of dynamic accuracy of regulation of the rate of flux of a fluid on level in capacity-collection in the conditions of activity of various perturbations at the expense of digital correction under the integrated law of the assignment to a controller of the rate of flux of a fluid on the filtered (rounded) values of level and insert of proportional correction making in algorithm at an exit of level from field of the "smooth" regulation.

1 dwg

The invention relates to the field of automatic control and can be used, for example, in the gas, chemical and oil industry, as well as in household appliances

The invention relates to the field of automatic control systems

The invention relates to regulators of various process parameters and can be used in the oil and Petro-chemical industry to improve the quality of regulation phases in a sealed flow-through tanks

The invention relates to the technical equipment used in the systems of loading and unloading of volatile and corrosive liquids in containers and rail cars

The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used in the national economy for regulating the liquid level in the tank

FIELD: physics, measuring.

SUBSTANCE: system contains a consistently joined comparison device - the adder, a digital controller of the fluid flux rate, object the regulations sweepped by a feedback, digital correcting proportional and integrated controllers, comparison devices, the block of insert of a correcting proportional controller and the filter of low frequencies. Current values of level of a fluid in capacity-collection from an exit of object of regulation arrive on an inlet of the filter of low frequencies and on an inlet of the block of insert of a correcting proportional controller.

EFFECT: increase of dynamic accuracy of regulation of the rate of flux of a fluid on level in capacity-collection in the conditions of activity of various perturbations at the expense of digital correction under the integrated law of the assignment to a controller of the rate of flux of a fluid on the filtered (rounded) values of level and insert of proportional correction making in algorithm at an exit of level from field of the "smooth" regulation.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of computer-aided manufacturing in machine building and is provided for workflow automation, related to control and regulation of liquid mediums. Device is structurally implemented in the form of two functional assemblies and allows two programming leads of functional capabilities and four outlets. At closed programming leads device is transformed into monitoring and regulation system of liquid level with usage of the first and the second outlets of device, providing monitoring mode and keeping of liquid level at fixed height and mode of filling and emptying of a reservoir with liquids. At open programming leads device is transformed into set of level control of top and bottom levels of controlled liquid of conducted type, outlets of which are correspondingly the third and the fourth outlets of the device. Device provides vertical, horizontal and complex (vertical installation of one and horizontal installation of other functional assembly) methods of installation. Device provides setting of control accuracy of liquid level in control mode and keeping of liquid level at its fixed height. Invention provides control of loads in the form of electromagnetic relay, two windings of contactor starter and outlets of logic elements.

EFFECT: extended capabilities of device by means of providing of regulation of liquid flows level at fixed height with ability of programming of its functional capabilities and nomenclature increasing of controllable loads and methods of its installation.

5 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of computer-aided manufacturing in machine building and is provided for workflow automation, related to control and regulation of liquid mediums. Device is structurally implemented in the form of one functional assembly, including conductometric sensor of liquid level, connected to sensitivity control, detectors, connected to second lead sensitivity control, threshold elements, connected to detectors, differentiator, unit for placement into initial state, JK- trigger, monostable circuit, replicator and indicator units. Additionally device contains three programming leads of its functional capabilities and four outlets. At closed first and second programming leads and connection of the third programming lead to third device outlet it is transformed into control and regulation system of liquid level with its agitated surface and usage of the first and the second outlets of device, providing verification and liquid level control mode at fixed height. At opened first and second programming leads and connected to each other third programming lead and third outlet of the device it is transformed into monitoring and regulation system of liquid with its smooth surface in the mode of monitoring and keeping of liquid level at its fixed height. At disconnected programming leads device is transformed into warning assembly of monitoring of top level of liquid with usage of the third outlet of device or warning assembly of monitoring of bottom level of liquid with usage of fourth outlet of device. Device provides vertical and horizontal methods of erection.

EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities of the device and increasing of nomenclature of controllable loads and methods of its erection and also improvement of operational performance.

5 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of manufacturing processes in machine building and is meant for automating technological processes related to monitoring and controlling liquid media. The device is made in form of two functional assemblies and has three terminals for programming its functionalities and four outputs. The device has two level sensors, two multivibrators, capacitors, two detectors, two sensitivity controllers, two threshold elements, a differentiator, a JK flip-flop, a unit for establishing initial state, two repeaters and two display units. When the first and second programming terminals are closed and when the third programming terminal is connected to the third output, the device is transformed into a system for monitoring and controlling liquid level with its excited surface using the first and second outputs, which provides the mode for monitoring and maintaining the liquid level at a fixed height and the mode for filling and emptying the reservoir. When the first and second programming terminals are open and the third programming terminal is connected to the third output, the device is transformed into a system for monitoring and controlling liquid with its calm surface in the mode for monitoring and maintaining the liquid level at a fixed height and in the mode for filling and emptying the reservoir. The device provides vertical, horizontal and combined (vertical mounting of one and horizontal mounting of the other functional assembly) mounting methods.

EFFECT: increased functionalities of the device and wider range of controlled loads and mounting methods.

6 dwg

FIELD: transport, distribution.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises filling the tank with fluid and semi-fluid mixes, setting volumetric portion of mixes and draining said tank in dispensing said mixes. Mix level capacitive transducer is arranged inside tank along its height to be filled with mixes at a time with said tank. Structural characteristics of transducer and electrical performances depending thereon are invariable over its height in empty state of both transducer and tank. Maximum and minimum tank mix levels are set by appropriate transducers. Tank filling is terminated when mix level reaches that of mix top level transducer and started when it reaches that of mix bottom level transducer. Electric oscillation signal is generated at capacitive transducer. Electric oscillation signal amplitude is measured at capacitive transducer. Mix level signal is generated subject to measured electric oscillation signal amplitude at capacitive transducer. With top level transducer level reached by mix level, product of height from tolerable top to bottom mix levels and said electric oscillation amplitude is determined for said time interval. Mix level signal is corrected in relation to measured electric oscillation signal amplitude at capacitative transducer. With tank drained at beginning of another proportioning cycle, initial mix level generated signal is determined. Final proportioning mix level signal is defined as difference between mix level initial signal and quotient of mix volumetric portion and tank horizontal section inner area. Definite final level signal is compared with corrected mix level signal to terminate volumetric proportioning of mixes if said signals are equal. Proposed device comprises tank, mix level capacitative transducer, mix top and bottom level transducers, electric oscillation generator, signal transducer, pump and shutter control unit, pump and shutter assemblies and mix measured level indicator. Output of said generator is connected with capacitative transducer and signal transducer input. Mix top level transducer output is connected to first input of pump and shutter control unit with its second input and outputs connected to mix top level transducer output and appropriate inputs of pump and shutter assembly. Proposed device comprises also selector, setter of top measured mix level signal, mix portion and next mix proportioning moment start, computer and comparator. Signal transducer output is connected to computer first input and selector first signal input. To selector second control input connected is connection of mix top level transducer output, pump and shutter control unit first input and comparator output. Selector output is connected with computer second input. Computer third and fourth inputs are connected to first and second outputs of top measured mix level and next proportioning moment setting unit. Computer first input is connected to mix measured level indicator input and comparator first inverting input while its second output is connected to comparator second non-inverting input.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of control and proportioning.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: system (10) for filling a drinking container (20) with a beverage, having a first measuring device (12a; 12) which determines the maximum filling level (21) of the drinking container (20), which is defined by the top edge (21) of the drinking container (20); the measuring device (12a, 12, 12b) at least periodically determines the actual filling level (23), where in the system (10), a control means (13) automatically stops the filling level once the actual filling level (23) essentially matches the set filling level (22), wherein the set filling level (22) is determined from a predetermined or individually set distance (24) to the maximum filling level (21), wherein the first measuring device (12a; 12; 12b) continuously determines the actual filling level (23); the measuring device is in form of a chamber with an electronic sample recognition system.

EFFECT: cheap and reliable filling of vessels of any height.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: device includes two level liquid sensors, three programming outputs of its functional capabilities and four outputs. When the first and the second programming outputs are closed and the third programming output is connected to the third output of the device, it is transformed to a liquid level monitoring and control system with its wavy surface using the first and the second outputs of the device, which provides a mode of liquid level monitoring and supporting at fixed height. When the first and the second programming outputs are open and the third programming output is connected to the third output of the device, it is transformed to the liquid monitoring and control system with its smooth surface in the mode of liquid level monitoring and supporting at its fixed height using the first and the second outputs of the device. When the programming outputs are disconnected, the device is transformed to an upper liquid level control annunciator using the third output of the device or a lower liquid level control annunciator using the fourth output of the device. The invention provides control of loads in the form of an electromagnetic relay or two windings of an electromagnetic starter, as well as in the form of inputs of logic elements of digital microcircuits.

EFFECT: enlarging functional capabilities of the device by increasing the number of controlled liquids and providing the operating mode of the device with wavy surface of controlled liquid.

7 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method for adjusting a valve set in a steam line fitted by a water injection device involves stages when actual m˙W,IST, specified m˙W,SOLL quantity of water and the maximum shortage of water quantity FBmax are defined, the remaining time tRest,0 is calculated according to the equation: and the valve is closed if tRest,0 is less than the specified value Δt characterising the timing interval during which the shortage of spraying water is determined.

EFFECT: ensuring the valve adjustment method to provide for emergency closing of a bypass station in such a way as to prevent early closing of the valve.

8 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: measuring equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for production of water level in boiler drum control devices. Steam boiler contains water level control device contains medium level indicator in form of water indicating column 1 with level sight glass 2, which is rigidly connected to steam boiler 5 by means of pulse tubes 3 and 4. In water indicating column 1 upper part on bracket 17 housing 18 is installed, in which video camera 6 is arranged, wherein video camera 6 is displaced from direct observation zone. It does not prevent viewer from conducting of direct visual observation of water level by level sight glass 2. Water indicating column 1 is equipped with frame 19 with marks 20. Output from video cameras 6 is connected to signal converter 7 input. In the signal converter 7 output from image area selection unit 8 from level sight glass is connected to marks 20 recognition unit 9 input, which output is connected to measurements scale generation and perspective images minimizing unit 10 input, which output is connected to input of two media interface detector unit 11, which output is connected to input of media interface position values computer unit 12, which output is connected to interface unit 13 input. Signal converter 7 output signal through series-connected control unit 14 and control signal amplification unit 15 is supplied to electrified gate 16, installed on pipeline 21 to feed water into steam boiler 5. Mark 20 are made in form of graphic images, preferable in form of rectangles.

EFFECT: technical result is increase of water level control in boiler accuracy with its visual and instrumentation control.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: automatic water level control system in the HEPP water reservoir, containing water level sensors and a control object, connected to a computing device including a mathematical model, while a gate equipped with electric drive and a position sensor is selected as the control object, and the mathematical model of the computing device contains an algorithm, calculating the rms value of the water level change rate in the water reservoir.

EFFECT: creation of a system for automatic regulation of water level in the HEPP water reservoir, which has a quick response to change of monitored parameters with the purpose of swift decision-making on the monitoring results.

2 dwg

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