Method to produce heavy modular element and modular element produced in compliance with this method

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: at that the specified heavy modular element may be adapted to function as a complete basement element of modular design. The specified modular element has a foundation slab and wall sections with double walls attached to the foundation slab. Inner and outer wall parts are mutually matched and attached to each other by means of supports aligned in a free space oriented and structured between wall parts. The free space is fully filled with a concrete mass ensuring its hardening or setting to produce a heavy modular element in such case. Also a heavy modular element produced by the above method is described.

EFFECT: development of a method to produce a geometrically stable and heavy modular element on a construction site using a much lighter plant-manufactured modular element moved to a construction site.

16 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention generally relates to a method of education in place on a building site or construction site, geometrically invariant and heavy weight modular element or elements when you use much more light weight modular element or elements prefabricated, made in the form of semi-finished and moved to the construction site.

Specified more lightweight modular element prefabrication, made in the form of industrial semi-finished product, should be moved to the specified construction site and lifted to a predetermined position, and padded to provide simple means to provide the ability to create complete and heavy weight modular element on this site.

In this case, such a modular element may be adapted to enable its operation as a completed basement of an element of a modular design.

The present invention is on the basis of industrial production of the modular element, which serves as a semi-finished product, and thus it should be possible to convey the degree of finish possible.

In addition, the present invention is based on the characteristic, namely, that given the degree of finish for asanoha lighter modular element in any case should be brought to such a level, to modular element when the output of the manufacturing production line had the base plate or the base plate, and was provided with wall sections with double walls attached to the base plate, with a number of agreed internal wall parts facing the inside of the modular element, and some agreed external wall parts facing outwards from the modular element.

In this case, these inner and outer wall parts must be coordinated with each other and attached to each other by means of poles oriented in the support, educated and has a structure with a free space between the wall parts.

In addition, the present invention encompasses a complete modular heavy item, manufactured in accordance with the principles of the invention, adaptable, among other things, to use it as a basement unit with attached elements of amenities such as bathroom, sauna, or as floors with built elements of the facilities.

PRIOR art

Methods, devices, and structures related to disclosed above technical areas and entities that are previously known in many different embodiments.

As a first example uravnenii and the technical area to which the invention relates, may be mentioned various efforts for the industrial production of cells and modules to the extent possible, the factory method on the factory settings, and these modules in the form of finished products or semi-finished products can be delivered and moved to the construction site for installation in the base element of the house and connected with the existing systems of power supply, water and/or ventilation.

In this field of technology in ways previously known the desire to shift the production process in the industrial production, in order in this case to provide the possibility of reducing substantially the time of Assembly and installation on the building site.

Carry out constant monitoring of the revenues from the rationalization provided in such a case, and in any case for parts that are smaller in amount, the rule is the desire to streamline production with a more efficient logistics and/or adaptation performance directly to the specified requirements.

The aim of the present invention in this regard is providing opportunities for practical application when creating a real estate and homes using transportable, prefabricated of madelinemadeline, and Assembly time can be greatly reduced.

In the art it is known manufacturing factory way of wall parts of a greater or lesser degree of readiness, units-kitchens, units bathrooms, blocks, saunas, stairwells, etc. and placing data elements so that they rested on the base plate and had an inner decorative elements attached to the distributed modules wall parts.

It was also proposed that the manufacture of such completed items, in which the required connections can be made by simple connecting elements.

The more modules, the more they will be heavier and the more difficult will be their transportation, which in this case must be implemented to the maximum extent possible through the use of cargo ships.

With regard to the process or method associated with the present invention, it is based on the construction of large and bulk of buildings, and as his starting point, the disclosed method of forming on a construction site geometrically invariant and heavy weight of the completed modular element by using modular item that is significantly lighter in weight, is an element prefabrication and moved to Stroitelno pad, while specified heavy modular element can be adapted to function as a completed basement of an element of a modular design and/or installed at each other light modular elements, depending on how located underneath the modular components can be transformed into severe and geometrically invariant (stable) modular elements.

By manufacturing in the factory specified more light module element must have a base plate (base plate) and wall sections with double walls attached to the base plate, with a number of internal wall parts facing the inside of the modular element, and a certain quantity of external wall parts facing outwards from the modular element, the inner and outer wall parts are mutually aligned and attached to each other by one or more, for example, oriented parallel vertical supports, oriented in a free space formed and structured between the wall parts.

Taking into account the content of the present invention, it should be mentioned as part of the prior art the following patent publications.

Thus, in patent publication US-A-4 185 423 And p is hidden design, fabrication and erection of light construction unit in the form of ribbed concrete slab floor with light thin concrete wall panels and ceiling panel, reinforced exploded near a rigid annular end-to-end (lattice) frames.

In this application, each frame includes strengthening (reinforcement) element for the floor, two reinforcing element for the side walls and ceiling reinforcing element, rigidly welded together at their adjacent ends.

In this case suggested that each reinforcing element is represented through the run, having two parallel straight stud posted by grating element formed by bending the rod zigzag.

The distance in the longitudinal direction between adjacent curved parts more in the Central part than at the ends of the reinforcing elements.

The roof slab of the concrete base is formed with integral reinforcing ribs through the rectangular spacers, made of lightweight material.

Units can be installed at the construction site by spreading a thin layer construction of mortar over the compacted soil and the placement of each block on it before building the mortar mixture will harden, so that the unit weight will be evenly distributed by means of the PTO pillows from construction of mortar.

Cross-connection for multi-storey buildings provide increased strength, stiffness and stability of the whole structure.

Fig in this publication discloses the creation of a building block.

Element (152) floor, wall panels (153, 154) and ceiling panels (155) agreed for the formation of rectangular modular element.

In this case, the proposed use of the connection and fastening. In this case, the final interaction is provided by a welding process.

The publication of the patent application Sweden SE-82 03312-disclosed construction, the structural member having a wall section, consisting mainly of concrete material or the like, when said wall section is formed on the construction site through the use of molded wall elements (10) factory.

Data partitions are forming part of a building and are intended for the formation of inner and outer wall sections.

The height of the specified wall element (10) is set the same as the height of the apartment.

Some of the wall elements is formed with a window (11) and/or doors, and ducts for electrical cables and pipes for water supply.

In this case suggested that during the construction of the first wall element, along with its Armat the governmental rods was formed (filled) along with the adjacent wall section or element, and in this case, the reinforcing bars may extend into the adjacent wall element or section.

In patent publication US-5 819 489-disclosed pre-formed frame construction elements and formwork, which uses a similar frame elements and which is designed to receive fluid cured material, for example, cementitious material, including concrete, to form building structures, such as foundations, walls, floors, roofs, etc.

Frame elements provide the possibility of the passage of cementitious material through them when you fill in the formwork (form).

The casing contains a hollow wall, which includes two opposite panels of the casing, connected with pre-made flow-through frame elements, which allows to form a connected fluid section between each of the frame elements.

As the filling of the hollow wall of cementitious material in each section is connected in a fluid environment, allowing the cementitious material to seize and harden for the formation of monolithic solid wall.

Each frame element includes two elongated parallel element having flow-through (lattice) structure extending between the elongated elements.

Through you the ora panels, which are heat-insulated and waterproof, the resulting design has improved moisture resistance and insulating properties both during and after the curing process.

In patent publication US-3 750 366-And revealed the building, which uses prefabricated modules for the protection of the premises, which also serve as box-shaped horizontal beams and couplers for connection of vertical supporting pillars in a rigid frame.

The rack preferably represent concrete elements, which form on site by pouring concrete into the space formed between the modules.

The space between the modules include vertical slots and horizontal chambers, which communicate with each other and with the output of the heating/cooling installation for the formation of air jacket, which surrounds each module over many of its exterior surfaces and serves as an effective device of radiant heat exchange with him.

Ultimately heated or cooled air is produced in the inner space of the modules to obtain the combined system of radiant and convection heating/cooling.

Taking into account the circumstance that the technical considerations and actions, which are specialized in manufacturing the article in the art should consider and comply with the so he could offer a solution to one or more set of technical problems is, on the one hand, the necessary acquaintance with the measures and/or the sequence of measures that must be implemented, and, on the other hand, required the selection of the required funds, the following technical problems, therefore, considering the above, likely to be relevant to the subject matter of the present invention in its development.

Whereas the prior art such as those described above, therefore, to ensure awareness of the benefits of simplification and reduction of Assembly time on the construction site, which otherwise is continuous, awareness of the benefits associated with simplification and reduction of Assembly time on the construction site, and/or recognized technical measures and considerations which will be required to simplify and reduce Assembly time on the construction site, probably can be considered as a technical problem of developing a method of forming on a construction site geometrically invariant (stable) and heavy weight, modular element by using modular element factory manufacturing, significantly lighter in weight and moved to the construction site, with the specified heavy the second modular element can be adapted to function as a completed basement of an element of a modular design and can be made of such size its wall parts, he will be able to withstand the prevailing geostatic pressure.

The way is on the basis of ensuring that the easier, the modular element prefabrication has a base plate and is made with wall sections with double walls or consistent wall elements attached to the base plate, with a number of internal wall parts facing the inside of the modular element, and a certain quantity of external wall parts facing outwards from the modular element, the inner and outer wall parts are mutually aligned and attached to each other by means of poles oriented in a free space formed and structured between the wall parts, and wall parts can be made with the design is similar to the hard slabs of concrete type.

There is a technical problem with the possibility of realizing the importance of the following objectives, benefits associated with the solution of the following tasks, and/or the technical measures and considerations which will be required to solve the following tasks, with the following task is to completely fill the empty space of viscous concrete mass with capability of curing, salverda the project or setting specified concrete mass for education in this case, the heavy weight of the modular element, moreover, the specified space is limited to the specified inner wall parts of such size and the properties associated with the mechanical strength that these wall parts and bearings or data wall part by means of the supports, on the one hand, can provide support for the selected internal parts of the design belonging to the modular element, attached to the selected wall sections belonging to the inner wall part, and, on the other hand, form the first side of the casing and, thus, able to withstand pressure forces arising from vibration-free pouring of concrete, and is limited to the specified outer wall parts of such size and properties, associated with the mechanical strength that these wall parts and bearing or data wall part using the support may form a second opposite side of the casing and, thus, able to withstand pressure forces arising from vibration-free pouring of concrete.

There is a technical problem with the possibility of realizing the importance of the following objectives, benefits associated with the solution of the following tasks, and/or the technical measures and considerations which will be required to solve the following tasks, with the following task is to use this free the aqueous space for installation of the required internal pipes or channels, for example, electric lines, water supply, ventilation and the like.

There is a technical problem with the possibility of realizing the importance of the following objectives, benefits associated with the solution of the following tasks, and/or the technical measures and considerations which will be required to solve the following tasks, with the following task is to ensure the education of the inner wall part of the fire-resistant material with panel construction, for example, from one or more panels having a selected thickness, and/or providing education of the outer wall part of the fire-resistant material with panel construction, for example, from one or more panels having a selected thickness.

There is a technical problem with the possibility of realizing the importance of the following objectives, benefits associated with the solution of the following tasks, and/or the technical measures and considerations which will be required to solve the following tasks, with the following task is to ensure that each strip or selected the required internal pipes or channels with mounting them in the appropriate support and fixing them relative to the corresponding support before attaching the inner wall part to this support.

p> There is a technical problem with the possibility of realizing the importance of the following objectives, benefits associated with the solution of the following tasks, and/or the technical measures and considerations which will be required to solve the following tasks, with the following task is to use the concrete mass, mixed with fibers or reinforced, as indicated viscous concrete mass.

There is a technical problem with the possibility of realizing the importance of the following objectives, benefits associated with the solution of the following tasks, and/or the technical measures and considerations which will be required to solve the following tasks, with the following task is used as specified viscous concrete mix reinforced with steel fibres reinforced with carbon fibers and/or other fibrous concrete mass.

There is a technical problem with the possibility of realizing the importance of the following objectives, benefits associated with the solution of the following tasks, and/or the technical measures and considerations which will be required to solve the following tasks, with the following task is to ensure the formation of this support in the form of vertical bars, in the form of I-beams is/or h beams I-beam or the like and with the slots, formed in the walls of the beams in order thereby to create a continuous concrete structure through these grooves.

SOLUTION

In this case, as a starting point for the construction of the present invention taken prior art, opened such as the introduction and method-related education at the construction site geometrically invariant (stable) and heavy weight modular element or elements when you use much more light weight modular elements made in the factory and moved to the construction site, with the specified heavy modular element can be adapted to function as a completed basement of an element of a modular design, and specified more lightweight modular element has a base plate and wall sections with double walls attached to the base the plate and/or fixed relative to the base plate, with a number of internal wall parts facing the inside of the modular element, and a certain quantity of external wall parts facing outwards from the modular element, the inner and outer wall parts are mutually aligned and attached to each other by means of supports targeted the space, loosely structured and formed between the wall parts.

To enable one or more disclosed above technical problems, the present invention more specifically discloses that the method according to the prior art should be supplemented by descriptions and use of frame elements with equal or unequal sizes, suitable for inner and outer wall sections.

More precisely, the present invention is based on the understanding and reveals more accurately the fact that the free space should be completely or partially filled with a viscous concrete mass is fed from the top, such as the concrete mass that does not require vibration, which should seize or dried for education in this case heavy weight and complete modular element, such as free space, limited within the specified inner wall parts must be of such dimensions and properties related to mechanical strength, so that the data wall portion and bearing or data wall part with the stanchion with one hand to provide support for the selected internal parts of the design belonging to the modular element, attached to the selected wall sections belonging to the inner wall part, and on the other the hand, formed the first side of the casing and, thus, were made of such size that they could withstand directed inward pressure forces that occur when the concrete is poured, and the outer wall parts must be of such dimensions and properties related to mechanical strength, so that the data wall part and the support or data wall parts with bearings could form a second opposite side of the formwork for pouring and thus must be made of such size that they provided the ability to withstand directed outward pressure forces that occur when the concrete is poured.

As proposed embodiments that are within the scope of the basic idea of the method disclosed for the present invention additionally discloses the use of the specified free space required for laying of pipes or channels, for example, electric lines, water supply, ventilation, etc.

The inner wall portion must be formed from heat resistant material panel design, such as one or more reinforced fiber panels with a selected thickness, while the outer wall portion must be formed from heat resistant material panel design, such as one or more of armaround the x fibre panels, usually with a thickness of 12 to 30 mm, for example, 22 mm

Gasket required pipelines or channels should also be ensuring that they are installed in the respective bearings and fixing relative to the respective supports, before attaching the inner wall portion to the said support, education and environment specified free space.

As indicated viscous concrete mass mainly use reinforced fiber concrete mass, such as reinforced steel fibre concrete mass.

In this case, this bearing may be formed in the form of vertical bars and grooves in the walls of the beams, to thereby create a continuous concrete structure through these grooves.

BENEFITS

The benefits that can be considered the main characteristic of the present invention, and particular important distinguishing features disclosed in connection with this, is that thus were created the conditions necessary for the means of industrial production to provide a semi-finished product, similar to the finished product, its transportation to the construction site and then fill the hollow wall parts of a viscous reinforced fiber concrete mass, to thereby form a complete heavy mo is olny element, adapted even to allow it function as the basement of the element, while the wall portion is made of such size that they could withstand the expected geostatic pressure due to job specific wall thickness.

What is mainly considered a distinctive characteristic of the present invention, it is disclosed in the characterizing part of the appended paragraph 1 of the claims.

One preferred currently an implementation option, have important distinguishing features associated with the present invention, will be described hereinafter in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, where:

1shows in four different sequences:

a) the place of production intended for the industrial production of "light" modular elements, each of which is considered as a semi-finished product (even if you need extremely limited additional measures for education "heavy" modular element)

b) data transport light modular elements via cargo ship and/or cargo transport to the construction site,

C) apply this lightweight modular element at the specified prepared and pre-treated surface area, within the selected hour and the construction site, and

d) transporting viscous and diluted with a delay of concrete to the construction site to ensure the feasibility of increasing the weight of heavy modular element by means of a flow of a volume of concrete in free space, structured between the outer and inner walls of the lung modular element, and

2schematically shows in perspective an enlarged corner portion of a lung of a modular element according to figure 1 and illustrates the feed holes of the concrete mass.

As an introduction it should be emphasized that the following description of the one proposed in the present variant implementation, which has important distinguishing features associated with the present invention and which has been clarified by means of the figures illustrated in the accompanying drawings, the inventors chose the special terms and terminology in order to clarify the inventive concept in this case.

However, in this context, one should take into account the fact that expressions selected here should not be viewed as limited solely by the terms used here and selected, but it should be understood that each such selected term is to be interpreted so that it also covers the CoE technical equivalents, which operate in the same or essentially the same way, so in this case, to provide opportunity to achieve the same or essentially the same purpose and/or technical effect.

Thus, in the accompanying figures 1 and 2 schematically and in detail, illustrated the basic premise of the method associated with the present invention, and significant properties associated with the invention, attached to the concrete form by means proposed in the present, and described in more detail in a further variant implementation.

Figure 1 is intended to illustrate the various operations required by the method disclosed by the invention, but from the description above will be of course obvious shape and design of the included parts in "easy" module and the weight increased by a selected amount, filed concrete mass, or "heavy" modular element.

Thus, figure 1 in section "a" shows schematically the place 2 production for the industrial production of "light" unit elements "M", with similar modular element can be illustrated illustrated in section "C".

Each of the modular elements "M" or 12 produced here, rightly considered here as a semi-finished product, because in accordance with the invention Ave the production process on site 2 production was implemented to such an extent, it takes extremely limited additional measures for education completed modular element, designated hereinafter by the reference position 12A in section "C".

Mentioned here are confined to the filling specially formed free space within the wall parts.

By way of illustration in the section "b" illustrated how such a lightweight modular element 12 as semi-finished product is transported through a well designed and executed with the corresponding dimensions of the cargo of the vehicle 3 with the cargo space 4 to the construction site 5.

This transportation may preferably occur via cargo ship, as the place 2 production should be placed next to the port equipment.

When the cargo vehicle 3 arrives at the construction site 5, the module 12 is lifted from the cargo space 4 by means of a separate crane device, not shown in the figures, and provide the possibility of lowering the modular element 12 on the selected zone 6 surface.

The placement of this light modular element 12 is relatively superficial zone 6 and, more precisely, in a specified, pre-processed and prepared part aplomado surface of the construction site.

By way of illustration in the section "d" illustrates the transport of concrete 7 using cargo vehicle 8 at the construction site 5, to provide the possibility of increasing the weight and stabilize the lightweight modular element 12 to severe modular element 12A by volume of concrete, filed in free space 9 formed with a certain structure between the outer 10 and inner walls 11 of this light unit item 12.

More precisely, the present invention relates to a method of education at the construction site 5 geometrically invariant (stable) and heavy weight modular element 12A when you use much more light weight modular element 12 factory moved to the construction site 5, with the specified heavy modular element 12A can be adapted to function as a completed basement of element 13 modular design.

In this application, the wall parts 10 and 11 should be of such thickness that they can withstand the expected geostatic pressure.

Specified more lightweight modular element 12 has a base plate 14 and the wall sections 15, 16 with double walls attached to the base plate, with some internal walls of the new parts 15A, 16A, facing the inside of the modular element, and a certain quantity of external wall portions 15b, 16b, facing outwards from the modular element, the inner and outer wall parts are mutually aligned and attached to each other by means of the supports 18, 18a and 18b, which are oriented in the free space 17 is formed and structured between the wall parts.

More precisely, it is disclosed that each of these supports 18, 18a, 18b should represent a cross-section h-beam I-beam or h-beam with opposite parallel tail parts, converted and attached to the respective wall portions 15A, 15b, 16A, 16b.

In accordance with the fundamental principles of the invention the inner wall 15A, 16A and the outer wall 15b and 16b must be rigid enough so that they were able to withstand the internal pressure, which acts on the sides of viscous concrete mass "In" without vibration.

This revealed that the inner walls 15A, 16A on the inner side must be given rigidity by using a fixed internal construction details, such as the first part in the form of a case 21, which preferably should be attached to the rear supports 18, 18a, 18C by means of an intermediate panel Mat is Rial 20, illustrated here in the form of concrete panels, for example, with a thickness of 12-30 mm, for example, 22-27 mm

In this case, figure 2 is intended to illustrate how the internal part 21 design must be attached to the tail a and tail s, but also to the support 18, is placed in a certain position relative to the tail so that it could contribute to the stability of the wall.

In this case, it should be noted that in this embodiment, the outside can not provide such support, and for this reason, the sizing of the outer wall 15b, 16b based on the application of the outer panel material 22, which in this case is illustrated in the form of concrete panels, with a thickness of 12-30 mm, for example, 22-27 mm

From figure 2 it becomes obvious, that in case the supports 18, 18a, 18b, 18C are oriented with a standardized distance between them, amounting to 600 mm, caudal part a, is made with adapted width, for example, the order of magnitude of 100-200 mm, and with the panels attached along the vertical boundary zones tail parts, to thereby allow reduction of migration in the light of the intermediate panel sections, denoted by the reference position 22.

In addition, the present invention discloses that each bearing 18, 18a, 18b and 18C have to b is to be executed through the slots, such as the groove 18b3 formed in the vertical wall supports 18b and located centrally between the tail portions 18b1, 18b2 support 18b to thereby allow flow of a viscous and diluted to provide a time delay after setting of the concrete mass "In" and connect the hollow partition wall parts with each other.

The concrete mass "In" should consist of reinforced fiber concrete mass. In this case, as an example, proposed the use of reinforced steel fiber reinforced glass fiber reinforced carbon fibre concrete mass prefabrication.

In this case, it should be noted that the panel material 15, 16 and/or 11, 12 should consist of stiff to bending of the material, such as fiber-cement panels, which can ensure the connection is supplied with a mass of concrete.

Naturally, the invention is not limited to the embodiment, disclosed as the above example, but may undergo modifications within the scope of the inventive concept illustrated in the attached claims.

It should be noted that each illustrated element and/or circuit can be combined with each other is illustrated by element and/or circuit within the scope of the invention to improve the surveillance capabilities of the execution of the specified technical functions.

1. The method of forming on a construction site geometrically invariant and heavy weight modular element by using modular element prefabrication, significantly lighter in weight and moved to the construction site, heavy modular element can be made with the possibility of functioning as a completed basement of an element of a modular design, and specified more lightweight modular element has a base plate and wall sections with double walls attached to the base plate, with a number of internal wall parts facing the inside of the modular element, and near the outer wall parts facing outwards from the modular element, the inner and outer wall portion are mutually aligned and attached to each other by means of supports oriented in space, freely structured and formed between the wall parts, wherein the free space is completely filled with the concrete mass with the provision of curing or setting of the specified concrete mass for education in this case, the heavy weight of the modular element with the specified free space is structured and limited to the specified inner wall parts of such size and properties of the, associated with the mechanical strength that these wall parts and these supports or data wall part by using these supports, on the one hand, can provide support for the selected internal parts of the design belonging to the modular element, attached to the selected wall sections belonging to the inner wall part, and, on the other hand, form the first side of the casing and, thus, able to withstand pressure forces arising from vibration-free pouring of concrete, and is limited to the specified outer wall parts of such size and the properties associated with the mechanical strength that these wall parts and these supports, or data wall part by using these supports can form a second opposite side of the casing and, thus, able to withstand pressure forces that occur when the concrete is poured.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized by using the specified free space for installation required internal pipes or channels, for example, electric lines, water supply, ventilation.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the inner wall part is formed from a material with panel construction, for example from one or more panels that contain fiber, such as fiber cement panels.

4. The way p the claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the outer wall part is formed from a material with panel construction, such as one or more panels that contain fiber, such as fiber cement panels.

5. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the gasket is required pipelines or channels shall be enforced with the provision of mounting them in the appropriate supports and fixing their relative bearings before mounting the inner wall part to this support.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the specified concrete mix using reinforced fiber concrete mixture into the form of a self-sealing structure.

7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the specified concrete mix using reinforced fiber concrete mass without vibration.

8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the said support is formed as a vertical beams, such as h beams I-beam or h-beam, and with the slots formed in the walls of the beams in order thereby to create a continuous concrete structure through these grooves.

9. Heavy modular element, adapted to enable operation as a completed basement of an element of a modular design, with the specified modular element has a base plate the wall section with double walls, attached to the base plate, with a number of internal wall parts facing the inside of the modular element, and near the outer wall parts facing outwards from the modular element, the inner and outer wall parts are mutually aligned and attached to each other by means of supports oriented in space, freely structured and formed between the wall parts, wherein the free space is limited to the specified inner wall parts made of such size and the properties associated with the mechanical strength that these wall parts and these supports or data wall part by using these supports, with one hand, can provide support for the selected internal parts of decorative finishes belonging to the modular element, attached to the selected wall sections belonging to the inner wall part, and, on the other hand, form the first side of the casing, the outer wall part is made of such size and the properties associated with the mechanical strength that these wall parts and these supports or data wall part by using these supports can form a second opposite side of the casing, while the free space provides a support for concrete m is ssy.

10. Heavy modular element according to claim 9, characterized fill inside the specified free space required for laying of pipes or channels, for example, electric lines, water supply, ventilation.

11. Heavy modular element according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the inner wall portion formed from a material with panel construction, such as one or more panels that contain fiber, such as fiber cement panels.

12. Heavy modular element according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the outer wall portion is formed from a material with panel construction, such as one or more panels that contain fiber, such as fiber cement panels.

13. Heavy modular element according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the gasket is required pipelines or channels implemented with the provision of mounting them in the appropriate supports and fixing their relative bearings before mounting the inner wall part to this support.

14. Heavy modular element according to claim 9, characterized in that the specified concrete mass has a structure reinforced fiber concrete mass in the form of a self-sealing structure.

15. Heavy modular element according to 14, characterized in that the concrete mass has a structure reinforced fiber concrete mass without vibration

16. Heavy modular element according to claim 9, characterized in that the said support is formed as a vertical beams, such as h beams I-beam or h-beam, and with the slots formed in the walls of the beams to create a continuous concrete structure through these grooves.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures resistant to earthquake attacks consists in installation of a reinforced concrete frame and walls, besides, after installation of reinforced pillar frames in the structure foundation, development of reinforced pillar frames pre-stressing, assembling sections around them from the first rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars from formwork tiles with a dovetail-type fixture and reinforcement frames of curb sections of pillars, sealing of the first rows of the first floor pillar curbs from inside by filling slots between curb tiles with a sealing mixture, in order to prepare curbs for filling with a cement-based concrete, filling the first rows of pillar curbs with a concrete mix; prior to hardening of the concrete filler of the remaining curbs of the first rows of the first floor pillars, their surface is levelled aflush with edges of the curb tiles. After hardening of the concrete filler of the first rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars, layers of substances are applied on their surfaces, having strength below the concrete filler strength. After assembly above the first row of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars in sections of the second rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars, jointing slots of dovetail-type fixture in sections of remaining curbs of pillars of the second and first rows of the first floor, sealing the second rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars from inside, filling of the second rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars with a concrete mix; prior to hardening of the concrete filler of remaining curbs of the second rows of the first floor pillars their surfaces are levelled aflush with edges of curb tiles. Other rows of the first floor pillars are arranged in a similar manner.

EFFECT: higher resistance to earthquakes.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect a monolithic construction structure of a building or a facility, where on a specially prepared foundation, at the first stage of erection, the metal frame is assembled from light steel galvanised thin-walled elements of channel-like shape in cross section. Then outer and inner shields of a stay-in-place form, afterwards the inner space between shields of the stay-in-place form is filled with a gypsum foam concrete filler, which form with the latter after gaining strength a monolithic wall panel, besides, channel-like elements arranged transversely relative to the wall panel are made with perforation punches along the whole length to eliminate a cold bridge in the panel. At the same time the building ceiling is also erected on the basis of some elements of the wall panel, besides, at first a metal frame is assembled and installed, also made of light steel galvanised elements that are thin-walled in cross section, then a wood-cement board is fixed at the bottom to the frame, and the frame is filled with a gypsum foam concrete filler, and after gaining strength, on top at first wooden flooring is installed, and then a protective coating of a glass-magnesite sheet is laid on it.

EFFECT: reduced time of construction, extended operation time, reduced cost of construction, minimised costs for construction materials and higher efficiency of operation.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: non-detachable building formwork comprises a soft shell, with guides arranged inside it, and filled with a hardening solution, besides, the soft shell is arranged in the form of textile sleeves, at the same time neighbouring sleeves are stitched to each other to form a cell for tight arrangement of a guide in it arranged in the form of a stiffening rib. Also a version of non-detachable formwork is described.

EFFECT: cost reduction and acceleration of building erection process.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: standard structural curb block made of fine-grained concrete comprises parallel external face and back longitudinal walls joined by three partitions. Longitudinal walls and connecting partitions are reinforced with common spatial reinforced frame, at the same time extreme end partitions are not concreted, and there is an opening provided in the middle one.

EFFECT: reduction of material and labour expenses for curb works, increased solidity, earthquake resistance, heat and sound insulating properties of building and structure walls, improved quality of works.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: retained folding formwork for construction of cast-in-situ walls includes parallel panels and hinged ties, vertical posts with panel and tie attachment devices located on external side of vertical post throughout their height. Panels of formwork are meshed, hinged ties are attached to vertical posts so that they can be turned in attachment devices, each one is made in the form of a zigzag so that sections inclined in plan view to surfaces of panels and sections in bend area, which are parallel to flat external wall of vertical post and contact it, are formed; at that, two hinged ties adjacent as to height are located in opposite phase relative to each other and fixed on posts in a staggered order. Hinged ties are fixed at one and the same height of opposite posts and located in one and the same plane.

EFFECT: improving stiffening characteristics of formwork system at the concreting stage and increasing the strength of sections of the built construction.

1 dwg

Wall // 2385998

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall comprises concrete pillars that consist of permanent forms made of cellular blocks that create wells for pouring of heavy concrete with previously arranged vertical reinforcements, insulating plates, wall forms of blocks for instance. Foiled insulation is installed in wells of concrete pillars on inner side of erected wall, inside wells there are through horizontal holes previously arranged along wall, where longitudinal anchors are installed, at the same time wooden carcass-frame arranged between concrete pillars is fixed to longitudinal anchors, and ledger strips are fixed to vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame along wall at one or two sides, besides vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame and ledger strips are installed perpendicularly versus each other. Between ledger strips there are insulating plates arranged or mineral insulator having same thickness with ledger strips, and between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame there is a second row of insulating plates or mineral insulator having same thickness with vertical stands. Foiled insulation is installed to the latter, being fixed with the help of ledger strips, or on completion of inner and outer rows of wall curbs and insulating plates installation between ledger strips, insulator fill may be filled between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame, or cellular concrete in liquid form may be filled. For pouring of cellular concrete there are holes arranged along vertical stands, where pins are installed. Also in insulating plates or mineral insulator arranged between ledger strips and vertical stands, in foiled insulation installed between them, in certain areas there are through holes provided, where transverse anchors are installed with the possibility of fixation and attachment of inner and outer rows of wall forms made of blocks, for instance to wooden carcass-frame.

EFFECT: higher number of storeys constructed, simplified technology of wall erection and lower cost of wall construction.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: reinforcement for reinforcing panel of heat-insulation concrete form includes a fastening brace element built in the reinforcement and retained in it in its place due to material enveloping it and intended for attachment thereto a brace for connecting the panel to opposite panel in heat-insulation concrete form, and device for connecting the reinforcement to the panel being reinforced. There also described is version of reinforcement for reinforcing panel, panel of heat-insulation concrete form, set of heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form of columns, heat-insulation concrete form for T-shaped wall and method of reinforcing panel in heat-insulation concrete form.

EFFECT: reinforcement and strengthening of wall structures of heat-insulation concrete forms.

26 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: fixed construction formwork includes soft cover with interconnected cells formed inside it and intended for being filled with solidified compound, and stiffeners. Cells have parallelepiped shape and are located along the whole formwork; at that, one of the sides of rectangle in cross section of cell corresponds to thickness of manufactured building structure, and stiffeners are installed between cells in inter-fabric slots along the whole cell and are made in the form of planks.

EFFECT: improving aesthetic and strength properties with simultaneous increase in labor efficiency when manufacturing formworks and simplifying the design.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: at the first stage of erection, external and internal panels of leave-in-place form are installed, and in areas where vertical reinforcement rods or vertical anchors installed in foundation come out, reinforcement frame is placed, and extensible shaping facility is installed to embrace the latter in the form of hollow volume trihedral rod, which is temporarily fixed by its larger face to internal surface of form panel, and sheets of heat insulation materials are attached to two other faces of rod and are fixed by their free ends to internal side of leave-in-place form. Then concrete mass is poured into rod, and as concrete gains in strength, rod is released from temporary fixation and is extended to design height till final erection of support pillar with repetition of the first stage operations cycle, after erection of support pillar till design height, hollow volume trihedral rod is withdrawn from form, and panels of leave-in-place form are fully filled with concrete mass till its final hardening.

EFFECT: possibility to operate building with increased load over its slab.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to method for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure in reinforced concrete version, when prefabricated non-withdrawable curb systems are used from wall curb system and ceiling curb system. Method for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure in reinforced concrete version, in which non-withdrawable curb system is used from prefabricated wall curb system comprising two curb plates, which are installed at a distance from each other and are fixed to each other by means of fixtures, moreover, joining element between wall and ceiling is represented by mounting armature. For ceiling they use prefabricated non-withdrawable ceiling curb system, which is made without grid truss and comprises support plate, on which multiple separate longitudinal rods are placed parallel to each other, which, by means of multiple U-shaped brackets, which are installed on support plate with their angle shelves inverted to support plate and installed at the distance above support plate with their angle walls, are welded in angles between angle shelf and angle wall, and therefore separate longitudinal rods are fixed with the main plate at the distance from it so that separate longitudinal rods lie in lower area, especially in lower third of manufactured ceiling finished concrete ceiling. Ceiling system of curb and wall system of curb are fixed to each other so that separate longitudinal rods of ceiling curb system pass perpendicular to wall system of curb. Mounting armature on one side is inserted into wall curb system, and on the other side is fixed on separate longitudinal rods of ceiling curb system, so that mounting armature by means of separate longitudinal rods is fixed on support plate of ceiling curb system.

EFFECT: provides for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure, especially, wall-ceiling joint.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for initial combination and subsequent connection of two or more concrete modular elements to each other to ensure the possibility to create a basic house element from thus combined modular elements as suitable for a basement. Each of these modular elements comprises a foundation board, multiple wall parts matched with a foundation board, and resistant to exposure to liquid layers. The first modular element with one open wall part is placed on a base prepared within a construction site, and the second modular element with one open wall part is placed on the specified base prepared within a construction site so that the open wall part that belongs to the first modular element is connected with the open wall part that belongs to the second modular element. The layer resistant to exposure to fluids must make it possible to ensure full or partial coverage of a foundation board and lower wall sections that belong to a wall part that is closest to the foundation board, that the foundation board of one modular element and the foundation board of the second modular element are aligned to form a free space limited with opposite edge surfaces of foundation boards, that the foundation board of one modular element is connected with the help of facilities of traction forces absorption with the foundation board of the second modular element above the specified free space, at the same time the free space is filled with a viscous concrete material or similar. Also a basic house element is described.

EFFECT: invention provides for prevention of moisture penetration during combination of modular elements.

20 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to make block-containers includes manufacturing technological conversions of at least the following: angle stands, a base panel, a coating panel, and the operation of technological conversions assembly of at least the following: the base panel, the coating panel, wall panels, the item as a whole, differing by the fact that an operation is introduced for determining weight of each technological conversion, which is adjusted due to variation of structural and technological elements, providing the specified finished mass of the item, assembled from technological conversions, besides, the weight of the technological conversion is defined and adjusted using a certain formula.

EFFECT: production of the item with specified consumer properties due to definition of each conversion weight in process of block-container manufacturing and its adjustment by variation of structural and technological elements, thus providing the specified finished mass of the item assembled from technological conversions.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multi-storey systems of premises. System of premises is assembled from blocks that comprise floor, ceiling and at least two walls made of cellular panels. Blocks are joined to each other with the help of connection section bars, at the same time only bearing walls are fixed. Between walls of neighbouring blocks and under floor of each block there is insulating material placed. Invention may be used to erect multi-storey premises in vessels or for construction of multi-storey buildings.

EFFECT: simplified technology for assembly of multi-storey structures, and also their increased strength and reduction of weight.

34 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, namely to set for assembling monohoneycomb structure frame unit and method of assembling with it. Frame unit consists of monohoneycombs 1 with central 2, lower 6 and upper 8 parts. Assembling set includes beams 10,11,12,13 and supporting struts. Set also includes supports 14,15 equipped with attachment points. Set includes rigidity inserts and sealing inserts in the form of hollow boxes with walls forming a triangle in section. Assembly of central part 2 is performed by attaching supports 14,15 to upper 5 and lower 4 bases. Bases 4,5 are made in the form of equally spaced beams at being combined and attached to beams 10. Assembly of lower part 6 is performed by arranging three beams 11 in horizontal plane and three beams 12 in inclined plane with their being braced with beams 12. Assembly of upper part 8 is performed by arranging beams 13 in the form of equally spaced beams at their being fixed with beams 10. Rigidity inserts and/or sealing inserts are installed on both sides of beams 11,12 or on inner sides of beams 10,13.

EFFECT: simplifying technological process, unification of parts and assemblies, increasing reliability of attachments, providing assembly and removal of the design elements, increasing resistance and rigidity of monohoneycomb structure.

10 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly to erect low buildings, namely dwelling and public houses and structures.

SUBSTANCE: method involves installing room module having base and outer walls inside building frame; forming roof. Room module is installed so that the module is spaced apart from outer building frame walls. The spaces are covered in door and window opening areas of the module and that of building frame aligned with module openings along with room module connection with building frame. The gaps are filled with heater after room module installation inside building frame or heater is previously connected to inner building frame surface or to outer module surface.

EFFECT: improved service characteristics.

221 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly airport buildings, railway terminals and the same structures, namely short-stay hotels built in stations.

SUBSTANCE: station complex comprises multilayer building with service and waiting rooms. At least one waiting room is provided with module-type hotel structure arranged from station complex outside or inside, wherein the hotel structure wall adjoins waiting room wall or hotel structure is separated from waiting wall it by means of partition. The hotel structure is made of quick-assembling modules grouped in at least one vertical row. The modules have vertical lift shaft with lift and at least one emergency ladder. Each hotel structure module comprises soundproof walls and connected with lift shaft and emergency ladder through entrance openings. Each module has folding bed, toilet area and information means. Outer wall of each block is formed of solid transparent material with light-reflecting outer surface. Lift shaft and emergency ladder connect station complex layers and are communicated with cloakroom. Lift shaft is provided with lower end opening and at least one vertical row of side openings arranged from hotel structure side. Lift has end entrance sliding door and at least one side exit door arranged from hotel structure module side. Room number indicating panel demonstrates hotel structure room numbers and is located from hotel structure room side. Lift control system has independent drive and is associated with station information system.

EFFECT: increased comfort without interference into technological and functional station complex integrity, decreased costs of station complex retrofitting and increased safety for passengers.

4 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly private capital building erection.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect developing framed house having n stories involves increasing building convenience in several stages. At the first stage one manufactured section provided with power supply means and service lines is mounted. At the second stage another section is connected to previous one by means of joint members. At following stages next sections are connected to previous ones, wherein after each section connection purpose of each new room is changed by transfer of envelope structures, partition walls, power supply means and service lines. Building stories are built up at any stage except for the first one. To erect new stories part of ceiling covering is removed to provide access to higher stories and staircase is formed. Above sections are delivered to building site in disassembled state and are assembled at building site or the sections are supplied in previously assembled state. The house may be disassembled and reassembled at new location if necessary.

EFFECT: provision of stepwise house erection of modular members and following house development and/or transportation and building raising along with change in house convenience and power supply system.

1 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly working measures on existing buildings.

SUBSTANCE: method involves installing rectangular load-bearing frame between building ends; erecting one or more stories over the frame, where each story is made of rectangular building modules having door and window openings; perforating door openings in building ends so that the door openings mate ones of building modules.

EFFECT: increased flat areas along with reduced time and costs.

1 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly multi-story building structures including comfortable dwelling rooms, as well as business, industrial, medical, service, repair and other rooms.

SUBSTANCE: structure comprises three-dimensional blocks installed one upon another so that ledges are created between the blocks, which impart pyramid shape to the structure. The three-dimensional blocks include separate rooms united in sections and define inner spaces for staircase, lift shafts and multipurpose rooms. Each section comprises skeleton rods and skeleton posts provided with skeleton fastening units and inner mono-honeycomb having alternating long and short cell posts and rods, which are parallel to skeleton posts and skeleton rods. The section also has honeycomb fastening members for wall panel securing, which create main room in central mono-honeycomb part and provided with honeycomb fastening units. Connected to the first sides of honeycomb fastening units are honeycomb connection beams. The second sides of honeycomb fastening units are connected one to another to create mono-honeycomb apex. Honeycomb fastening units have honeycomb fastening members for upper and lower floor panel connection and to create auxiliary rooms in upper and lower parts of mono-honeycomb. When blocks are installed one upon another short honeycomb posts of each mono-honeycomb are arranged at apexes of mono-honeycombs of each lower story.

EFFECT: extended design and planning capabilities, improved service properties and increased structure safety.

6 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using three factory-made standard members, namely well member including two facades and floor, roof member including part of ceiling structure, roof slope part and roof ridge part, and service member extending at two levers and including access means, which open access to upper lever, or sanitary or cooking equipment. Each member comprises frames connected one to another. Central orifice of each frame is closed with solid panel or glassed member as appropriate.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using three factory-made standard members, namely well member including two facades and floor, roof member including part of ceiling structure, roof slope part and roof ridge part, and service member extending at two levers and including access means, which open access to upper lever, or sanitary or cooking equipment. Each member comprises frames connected one to another. Central orifice of each frame is closed with solid panel or glassed member as appropriate.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs.

5 cl, 8 dwg

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