Power plant

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive power plants. Proposed power plant comprises thermal engine and rotary machine. Rotary machine comprises stator, first and second rotors. One of the latter is coupled with thermal engine. Another rotor is coupled with. Stator incorporates several armatures to generate rotary magnetic field. First rotor comprises some magnetic poles. The latter are made up of multiple magnetic poles arranged with clearance in direction along the circle. Every two adjacent poles feature unlike polarities. Second rotor comprises some elements from magnetically soft material. The latter are arranged between armatures and magnetic poles. Relationship between number of armature poles, magnetic poles and elements from magnetically soft material satisfy the following condition: 1:m:(1+m)/2, where m ≠ 1,0.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

17 cl, 31 dwg

 

The text descriptions are given in facsimile form.

1. The power plant for driving driven parts of a driving force, containing the heat engine and the first rotating machine comprising a stator and the first rotor and the second rotor rotates relative to the stator, and one of the rotors, the first rotor or the second rotor is mechanically connected to thermal engine and the other of the above-mentioned rotor is mechanically connected with the said driving part, and the stator includes a number of anchors formed from a variety of anchors arranged in the circumferential direction, and generates a rotating magnetic field that rotates in a specified direction along the circumference, by means of magnetic pole anchors generated in a specified set of anchors in accordance with the flow is electroputere, the first rotor includes a number of magnetic poles located opposite the above-mentioned number of anchors, and a number of magnetic poles formed from a variety of magnetic poles, which are arranged with a gap from each other in the direction along the circumference, and every two adjacent poles have polarity different from each other, the second rotor includes a number of elements of magnetic material located between the mentioned number of anchors and mentioned near the magnetic poles, and the number of elements of magnetic material formed of a variety of elements of magnetic material, which are arranged with a gap from each other in the direction along the circumference, the ratio between the number of magnetic poles of the anchors, the number of magnetic poles and the number of elements of magnetic material satises: 1:m:(1+m)/2, where m≠1.

2. Power installation according to claim 1, in which the first rotor of the first rotating machine is mechanically connected with the said driving part and the second rotor is mechanically connected to thermal engine.

3. The power plant according to claim 2, additionally containing a braking device for braking rotation of the second rotor.

4. The power plant according to claim 2, additionally containing the second rotating machine, comprising washausen the shaft, mechanically connected with the said driving part and the first rotor.

5. The power plant according to claim 4, further containing the transmission to change the speed between the first rotor of the first rotating machine and the rotating shaft of the second rotating machine, and the drive part.

6. The power plant according to claim 4, further containing the transmission to perform a speed change between the second rotor of the first rotating machine and a heat engine.

7. The power plant according to claim 4, in which the rotating shaft of the second rotating machine is mechanically connected to the first rotor of the first rotating machine and with said drive part through the transmission, and the transmission is arranged to change the speed between the rotating shaft of the second rotating machine and the first rotor of the first rotating machine, and the drive part.

8. The power plant according to claim 2, additionally containing:
the second drive part, which is different from the drive part; and the second rotating machine is mechanically connected with said second drive part.

9. The power plant of claim 8, further containing a transmission configured to change the speed between the second rotor of the first rotating machine and a heat engine.

10. Strength is the first installation of claim 8 or 9, optionally containing a transmission configured to change the speed between the second rotating machine and the second drive part.

11. Power installation according to claim 1, in which the first rotor of the first rotating machine is mechanically connected to the heat engine and the second rotor is mechanically connected with the said driving part.

12. Power installation according to claim 11, further containing a braking device for braking rotation of the first rotor.

13. Power installation according to claim 11, further containing a second rotating machine, comprising a rotating shaft mechanically connected to the heat engine and the first rotor.

14. The power plant according to item 13, additionally containing a clutch for the mechanical connection or disconnection between the first rotor of the first rotating machine and the rotating shaft of the second rotating machine, and a heat engine.

15. The power plant according to item 13, additionally containing a transmission configured to change the speed between the second rotor of the first rotating machine and said drive part.

16. The power plant according to item 13, additionally containing a transmission configured to change the speed between the rotating shaft of the second rotating machine and a heat engine.

17. Power installation according to claim 11,further containing a second drive part, different from the aforementioned drive part and the second rotating machine is mechanically connected with the second driving part.



 

Same patents:

Electric motor // 2454774

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electric motor (1) consists of the first structure (4) that includes some magnetic poles formed by a certain sum of magnetic poles (4a) organised in certain direction and arranged in such a way that every two neighbouring magnetic poles (4a) have polarity that differ from one another, the second structure (3) that includes some armatures located opposite to the said magnetic poles for generating movable magnetic fields moving in certain direction between the row of armature and row of magnetic poles under the influence of certain sum of armature magnetic poles generated in the armatures (3c - 3e) at electric power supply to them, and the third structure (5) that includes a row of elements from magnetic-soft material formed by certain sum of elements (5a) from magnetic-soft material organised in certain direction with a one gap in relation to the other and arranged in such a way that a row of elements from magnetic-soft material is located between a row of magnetic poles and a row of armatures, number of magnetic poles (4a) and number of elements (5a) from magnetic-soft material is determined by the ratio 1 : m : (1 + m)/2 (m ≠ 1.0).

EFFECT: decrease of dimensions and manufacturing cost of the said electric motor with simultaneous provision of possibility to increase freedom degree at its designing.

6 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: method is realised by variation of terminal electric machine stator and rotors design variation, and also by using non-magnet and dielectric materials in bearing structures of the machine, which make it possible to reduce losses from occurrence of vortex currents. Application of up-to-date non-magnet and dielectric materials with sufficient heat resistance and strength exceeding strength of metals, and also with lower volume weight in manufacturing of electric machines will make it possible to wider use terminal electric machines of the proposed design in aircraft building.

EFFECT: improved manufacturability of terminal machines production, higher stiffness of their main parts and increased power indices of a terminal electric machine.

3 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; engines.

SUBSTANCE: applied engine has metal armature bodies with coils on them and magnets placed in numerous levels. The magnetic conductors with their concentric placement form a rotor, according to this invention. The rotor includes numerous cylindrical magnetic conductors placed in many levels in radial direction, and numerous magnets attached to their respective conductors with alternation of the magnets' polarity in relation to each other in the peripheral direction. The stator has metal armature bodies turned to their respective magnetic conductors and numerous coils turned to magnets. Furthermore, an actuating mechanism for engaging the abovementioned engine is suggested, including the brake disc and the calliper. The brake disc is fixedly connected with the engine's rotor. The calliper is installed on one side of the brake disc to limit the brake disc rotation.

EFFECT: increase in the engine's power and in the power of the actuating mechanism for the said engine, which at the same time improves the mass and dimensions parameters for both devices.

19 cl, 16 dwg

Electrical machine // 2440659

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: in a proposed electrical machine, comprising a device for development of a magnetic field, where an inductor is represented by ferromagnetic cores with electric coils, and devices for conversion of one type of energy into another one, according to the invention, the device for development of the magnetic field is made as a separate unit in the form of a flange with concentric flanges on the wall made of non-magnetic and dielectric materials. In through radial slots made on flange collar rims, in a certain sequence, ferromagnetic cores are fixed with electric coils, which form pole pairs of the electrical machine. Stiffness of ferromagnetic cores fixation with electric coils in slots is ensured by a pressing cover, which is also made from non-magnetic and dielectric material. The device to convert one type of energy into another one consists of two rotors. One rotor is installed in the inner part of the device to develop a magnetic field and interacts with a so called main magnetic flux Φm and interacts with a so called magnetic leakage flux Φl.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of electrical machine operation due to using a magnetic leakage flux Φl in electric motors to develop a torque Mt, and in current generators - for production of electric energy.

4 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electrical machine of double rotation includes stator, rotors installed so that they can rotate, the first blades that are connected to the first rotor and are rotated with the first rotor in the first direction, the second blades that are connected to the second rotor and are rotated with the second rotor in the second direction, shafts of rotors, and bearings that allow rotation of shafts, load-carrying housing; the first blades and the second blades are arranged outside the housing; stator is made in the form of individual teeth with winding without yoke, and rotors are made in the form of concentric sleeves from material with high magnetic permeability, which are located on outer and inner side of stator; on sleeves there fixed are radially magnetised constant magnets; polarity of neighbouring constant magnets alternates; on each tooth there located is concentric winding insulated from housing; number of poles of the first rotor is equal to the number of periods of the first fundamental harmonic of magnetomotive force of stator winding; number of poles of the second rotor is equal to the number of periods of the second fundamental harmonic of magnetomotive force of stator winding; rotors are not attached to each other and directions of their rotation are opposite.

EFFECT: improving reliability of electric machine of double rotation at simultaneous exclusion of transmission to its stator of reactive moment and providing the possibility of using air flows with low linear speeds for operation of this machine in generator mode.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: double-rotor tooth wind-driven generator includes stationary stator winding of solenoid type, as well as two rotors from non-magnetic material. Rotors are made in the form of discs and located coaxially. Equal even number of constant magnets is distributed uniformly on each rotor. Stationary stator winding of solenoid type is wound along axis of wind-driven generator and located between two cylindrical cores from ferromagnetic material. Core with larger diameter is fixed with its outer side in the housing. Both rotors are arranged on one shaft. Shaft is connected to wind wheel and has the possibility of being rotated in bearing supports fixed in the housing. Constant magnets are U-shaped, and their poles are located coaxially on each of the rotors and directed unipolar to each other. Each of constant magnets has the possibility of coaxial rotation with edges of cylindrical cores. Edges of cylindrical cores have tooth shape with number of teeth equal to number of constant magnets. Teeth of one edge of cylindrical cores are coaxial to slots of other edge of cylindrical cores. In each slot there located is connection strap from ferromagnetic material, which connects both cores.

EFFECT: increasing EMF induced in stator winding and simplifying the manufacturing procedure of stator winding.

4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: engine includes stator with the first and the second armatures which form rotating magnetic field, inner rotor with the first and the second constant magnets, and outer rotor (13) located between stator and inner rotor. Outer rotor (13) includes rotor housing (31) that supports the first and the second induction magnetic poles (38L, 38R) made from feebly magnetic material so that they are inserted into rotor housing. Phase of the first induction magnetic pole (38L) coincides with phase of the second induction magnetic pole (38R). The first and the second induction magnetic poles are assembled in rotor housing (31) so that they are inserted into linear slots (31a) formed in rotor housing in (L) axis direction. Since the first and the second induction magnetic poles (38L, 38R) are aligned in (L) axis direction, outer rotor (13) has simple design and improved reliability. Besides, support and assembly of the first and the second induction magnetic poles (38L, 38R) in outer rotor (13) is simplified.

EFFECT: simpler structure of rotor supporting the induction magnetic poles, improving reliability of rotating electric machine.

16 cl, 39 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: in proposed magnetoelectric generator the rotor of which is provided with constant magnets (3) and (4), and stator contains two parallel plates (5) and (6), between which annular windings (7) are arranged, according to this invention the rotor is made of two parallel discs (1) and (2) fixed on shaft, on each of which ring-shaped rows of constant magnets (3) and (4) are arranged on surfaces facing each other and located in each row at equal distance; polarity of constant magnets of each row alternates. At that, poles of constant magnets of one row face opposite poles of constant magnets of other row, and annular windings (7) of stator are made in the form of equal trapezoids the lateral sides (8) and (9) of which are located radially relative to rotor rotation axis, and sections (11) and (12) of annular windings (7) in bases of trapezoids are bent through an arc; annular windings (7) are inserted into each other in pairs. At that, distance ℓ between sections (11) and (12) of annular windings (7) in bases of trapezoids exceeds width b of ring-shaped row of constant magnets.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency coefficient and reducing starting moment of generator, and decreasing noise level during generator operation.

5 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

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EFFECT: simplified design of an electric generator for a wind-driven plant with simultaneous increase of its efficiency factor.

7 cl, 9 dwg

Electrical machine // 2400006

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electrical machine comprises stator with winding, inner rotor with output shaft installed in bearings, intermediate rotor covering inner rotor, on inner surface of intermediate rotor there are windings arranged, shaft of intermediate rotor is arranged as hollow, inside there is inner rotor shaft, besides bearings arranged on shafts of inner and intermediate rotors are arranged coaxially to their axis of rotation. On outer surface of intermediate rotor there are groups of permanent magnets arranged with alternating polarity, and generator winding of stator is multi-phased.

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2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to effective use of internal-combustion engine. The method consists in the following: current engine speed and increase in engine speed is determined, minimum engine speed necessary for prospected upshift is calculated, termination of increasing the engine speed which has not achieved minimum rotation speed is recorded, termination of increasing the engine speed which is close to maximum rotation speed is recorded. Automatic engine output torque regulation s provided to limit rotation speed by preset rotation speed at which engine efficiency is high.

EFFECT: higher fuel efficiency.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to effective use of internal-combustion engine. The method consists in the following: current engine speed and increase in engine speed is determined, minimum engine speed necessary for prospected upshift is calculated, termination of increasing the engine speed which has not achieved minimum rotation speed is recorded, termination of increasing the engine speed which is close to maximum rotation speed is recorded. Automatic engine output torque regulation s provided to limit rotation speed by preset rotation speed at which engine efficiency is high.

EFFECT: higher fuel efficiency.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to effective use of internal-combustion engine. The method consists in the following: current engine speed and increase in engine speed is determined, minimum engine speed necessary for prospected upshift is calculated, termination of increasing the engine speed which has not achieved minimum rotation speed is recorded, termination of increasing the engine speed which is close to maximum rotation speed is recorded. Automatic engine output torque regulation s provided to limit rotation speed by preset rotation speed at which engine efficiency is high.

EFFECT: higher fuel efficiency.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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EFFECT: higher reliability of gear shifting.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive equipment. At least, one technical appliance is arranged completely or partially on car body outer surface. Said technical appliance may be accessed from outside. Said technical appliances comprises: lighter jack, USB-jack, adapter, partially or completely sensor display, sensor panel, joystick, track ball, earphones, communication headsets, meter, scanner, memory carrier, remote control board, device for communication with mobile communication device, and Bluetooth device.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances.

13 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to road-holding systems. Proposed method comprises defining track deepening, comparing it with preset rated magnitude. In case actual deepening departs from preset rated magnitude, rated path of wheels inside track deepening 2, 3 is varied. Proposed system comprises track actual deepening registrator, comparator to compare actual magnitude to rated one, device to change rated wheel path proceeding from results of comparison.

EFFECT: decreased tire wear-out and fuel consumption.

11 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

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EFFECT: reduced heat loss of the internal combustion engines.

11 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to control over transport facility power plant with manual gearbox. Method of control over transport facility power plant comprising engine, manual gearbox, clutch and computer-based control system consists in defining preset power proceeding from data 2 corresponding to driver intention without allowance for undesirable data 20. Undesirable data is taken to be that displayed at computer between clutch throw-out moment t2 throw-in t'2 moment. Required power output to be set is defined by said computer-based control system. Preset power is defined proceeding from data 2 corresponding to driver intention and displayed at computer. On releasing the accelerator to vary gear ratio, data on driver intention is conserved.

EFFECT: output of recommended gear ratio with due allowance for actual road conditions.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hybrid transport facility, method of controlling its electric power system. Proposed vehicle comprises electric power storage device, motor, device to receive electric power from electric power source, charging device, ICE heater and controller to control charging device. Method of control comprises defining availability of connection between electric heater and charging device, and controlling the latter. In control, power fed to heater enjoys higher priority than that used for charging power storage source heater electrically connected therewith.

EFFECT: reliable ICE starting at low ambient temperature.

17 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hybrid transport facility, method of controlling its electric power system. Proposed vehicle comprises electric power storage device, motor, device to receive electric power from electric power source, charging device, ICE heater and controller to control charging device. Method of control comprises defining availability of connection between electric heater and charging device, and controlling the latter. In control, power fed to heater enjoys higher priority than that used for charging power storage source heater electrically connected therewith.

EFFECT: reliable ICE starting at low ambient temperature.

17 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to effective use of internal-combustion engine. The method consists in the following: current engine speed and increase in engine speed is determined, minimum engine speed necessary for prospected upshift is calculated, termination of increasing the engine speed which has not achieved minimum rotation speed is recorded, termination of increasing the engine speed which is close to maximum rotation speed is recorded. Automatic engine output torque regulation s provided to limit rotation speed by preset rotation speed at which engine efficiency is high.

EFFECT: higher fuel efficiency.

14 cl, 2 dwg

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