Method to construct building using angle panels

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method of building construction includes the following: preparation of a foundation and attachment of multiple panels to it. Each panel at least partially forms a building wall. The stage of panel attachment to the foundation includes the preliminary stage of attachment at angle sections of the angular panels connection, having at least two parts installed at the angle to each other and attached to each other at one edge. The method also includes the stage of applying marks onto the foundation, which comply with the walls position. Besides, along the marks to the foundation connection elements are attached, so that they are spaced relative to each other by the specified distance.

EFFECT: higher resistance of building panels during their assembly.

8 cl, 5 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a method of construction of the building.

In particular, the present invention is used in the construction of buildings made of prefabricated structures, preferably made of wood.

Note, however, that the present invention can also be used in the construction of prefabricated buildings or structures made of other materials, such as laminated panels, panels made of concrete or other material.

Known methods of building construction, in particular wooden buildings, which include the step of attaching the flat panels forming a wall to the base, forming the floor of the building.

Panels can be cut and shaped in such a way as to contain holes that will be used for doors and Windows, roof slopes, fasteners and slots required for the Assembly building.

Construction of prefabricated buildings or structures begins with a regular Foundation, hosts the base.

To the base of the joined panels to form the walls of the building. Suitable means of fastening make the connection between the panels and between each panel and sustainable basis.

When the Assembly of panels forming the outer wall, and, if available, internal partitions, finishes, set another, the horizontal panel to form the ceiling of the building.

Note that the specified ceiling serves as the Foundation for the formation of additional floor in the building, if available.

A disadvantage of the known methods of construction of buildings is the need to ensure reliable support flat panels during their accession to the base.

After the first panel was attached to the base, it is necessary to provide support so that the second panel can be attached next to the first.

Thus, the known methods require additional steps of preparing a suitable support structures, such as scaffolding, rack or other equipment.

To at least partially address this shortcoming frequently used panels, the dimensions of which essentially correspond to the installation wall. This work will be done with only one panel, reducing the need for support structures.

However, we note that as at the time of acceding flat panels they are unstable, such known methods of construction inevitably have problems with security staff responsible for the construction of the building.

The present invention is to provide a method of construction of the building, which lacks the above defects in the weave.

In particular, the present invention is to provide a method of construction of the building, which can be carried out easily and quickly.

An additional object of the present invention is to provide a method of construction of the building, with high level of security in its implementation.

These specific problems are solved by the method of construction of the building described in the claims.

Additional characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description of a preferred, but not limiting, of a variant of the method of construction illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1-5 shows the separate and sequential working steps of the method of construction of the building according to the present invention.

The following description applies to buildings made of wood. However, it should be noted that the present invention can also be used in the construction of prefabricated buildings or structures made of other materials, such as panels made of concrete, laminated panels or similar

The method of construction of buildings according to the present invention includes a first step of the substrate 1, forming the floor of the building.

The base 1 is fixed on Fundam is NTE building, manufactured in a known manner (figure 1).

After the substrate 1 to the base 1 are joined at right angles multiple panels 2 to form many of the walls of the building. In particular, each panel 2 at least partially forms one of the walls of the building. Note that the walls may be load bearing walls and partitions to create rooms inside the building.

Before installing panels 2 on the base 1 are applied label 3, which correspond to a given position of the walls (figure 1).

Once on the base 1 were labeled, the method includes the step of installing the connecting elements 4 for sustainable attach each panel 2 to the base 1.

In particular, the connecting elements 4 are attached to the base 1 along the marked labels 3 and use suitable fasteners known type, not illustrated.

In more detail, the connecting elements 4 are attached to the base 1 in such a way that they are spaced from each other by a preset distance (figure 2). This distance is specified at the design stage of a building in accordance with the static and dynamic characteristics required from the building.

In the described embodiment, the step of fastening the connecting element 4 is performed before step prisoedinenie the panels 2 to the base 1.

In this case, the panel 2 is attached to the base 1 by attaching each panel 2 to the connecting element 4, which is already fixed on the base 1.

In particular, each panel 2 has a recess (not shown)formed in its base. Each panel 2 is lowered to the corresponding connecting element 4 so that the latter is placed in the notch.

Finally, suitable fastening means (not shown) are connected between each panel 2 and the corresponding connecting element 4.

In the embodiment that is not illustrated, the connecting elements 4 are attached after installation of the panels 2.

In this case, the panel 2 are placed on the base 1 and then mounted on the base 1 by applying the above-mentioned connecting elements 4. In this case, the connecting elements 4 can represent, for example, l-shaped metal elements, mounting bracket, or other elements.

During the joining of the panels 2 to the base 1 at the beginning join in a variety of corner panels 5 on the appropriate variety of corner areas of the base 1 (figure 3 and figure 4).

The specified corner panel 5 contains two parts 5A, 5b, connected to each other on one edge 5C and installed relative to each other at an angle equal to the angle of the corner area of the base 1, the torus will be posted by the corner panel 5.

In the described embodiment, each corner panel 5 has an essentially l-shaped cross-sectional shape, and their parts 5A, 5b are essentially identical to each other.

In an alternative embodiment, the corner panel 5 is another cross-sectional shape depending on the position where it should be installed. For example, the corner panel 5 may have an essentially T-shaped cross-section.

After joining the corner panels 5 at least one flat panel 6 is attached between two successive angular panels 5.

Depending on the distance separating two consecutive corner panel 5 is attached one flat panel 6, or two or more flat panels 6 are installed in position (figure 5).

In other words, the corner panel 5 form only part of the walls, complete the formation of which is thus terminated using flat panels 6.

Pay special attention that the flat panels 6 are attached to the base 1 after all of the corner panel 5 were attached to the base 1. Flat-panel 6 are put in place only after this stage.

After joining the base 1, each flat panel 6 is also attached to the respective adjacent corner panel 5.

For this purpose, two corner panels 5 and flat panel 6 is provided Boko is diversified profiles 7, which are consistent with each other shape to facilitate their connection.

In particular, the side profiles 7 of each panel 2 contains a ledge running along the entire length of the panel 2, which is actually adjacent to the respective contact surface, made in adjacent panels 2.

Panel 2 are attached to one another using known means, such as thread screws.

When the panel 2 is attached and fixed to the base for the formation of the side walls and, if required, internal partitions, panel 2 is placed and rigidly attached thereto overlap (not shown).

For example, the specified overlap contains the roof.

Alternative overlap includes the additional base, forming the floor of the top floor of the building.

On the basis of such further possible to repeat the method to install these wall for the upper floor.

This method is preferably used for the construction of a building having a predefined number of floors.

In the described embodiment, the panel 2 is made of wood. In more detail, the panel 2 is made by connecting a number of successive layers, made of wood with alternating orientation, perpendicular to adjacent layers, thereby giving the panels ielemia mechanical properties. If you want flat panels 6 have openings 8, forming the appropriate space for doors and/or Windows.

The invention solves the problem and provides important advantages.

As corner panels contain two parts, mounted at an angle to each other, they can steadily hold their position after attachment to the base, even without the help of suitable support structures.

In this case, the subsequent addition of flat panels is much simpler, since the flat panel can be stably attached directly to the adjacent corner panel.

Therefore, even when installing a flat panel it is not necessary to use a special supporting structures.

Due to the extreme simplicity of joining flat panels they preferably can be made small and can be assembled according to the modular principle.

Smaller flat panels also allow you to work with them more easily, providing benefits in terms of space available on the job site.

And finally, as the panels sequentially in a sustainable manner, the safety of workers responsible for stroitelstvo building, also obviously improved.

1. The method of construction of the building, including all the stages I, which exercise: preparing the substrate (1) and the accession number of panels (2) to the base (1) for the formation of many of the walls of the building, each panel (2) at least partially forms a wall of the building; the acceding on the corner areas of the base (1) number of panels (2) to the base (1)including a preliminary step of joining at the corner parts of the base (1) many corner panels (5), having at least two parts (5A, 5b)mounted at an angle to each other and attached to each to each other on one edge (5C); stage mark (3) on the base (1), which correspond to the positions of the walls; characterized in that it also includes a stage on which to establish multiple connecting elements (4) for connecting multiple panels (2) to the base (1)and connecting elements (4) are attached to the base (1) along a label (3) in such a way that they are spaced from each other by a preset distance.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the step of attaching the corner panels (5) includes a stage on which the use of panels having essentially l-shaped cross-sectional shape.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the step of installing the panels (2) includes the step of joining the base (1) at least one flat-panel (6), related by at least one corner panel (5).

4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that it also includes the step of fastening each flat-panel (6) to at least one adjacent corner panel (5).

5. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the stage of installation of the specified at least one flat-panel (6) perform after installation of each corner panel (5).

6. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the step of installing the connecting elements (4) are performed before step installation of panels (2).

7. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the step of installing the connecting elements (4) are performed after step installation of panels (2).

8. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the step of applying labels (3) is performed before the step of installing the connecting elements (4).



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: on an upper rib and a coupled end side of a wooden building element there are jointing accessories in the form of two longitudinal combs, and two longitudinal slots are arranged on a lower rib and a coupled end side. End sides of the building element are arranged in the form of wave-bent matched surfaces with inclined upper and lower sections, where bent surfaces are arranged as reversely symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the element. A building wall is erected on a foundation using a wooden building element, end sides of which are coupled with other building elements in walling by imposition of matching wave-bent surfaces one onto the other, combs and slots of which are joined into locks.

EFFECT: higher strength of a wall structure.

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EFFECT: better use of low-quality wood and simplified design.

3 dwg

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FIELD: construction.

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FIELD: construction industry.

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7 cl, 3 dwg

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FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of building structures.

1 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly to erect composite residential buildings.

SUBSTANCE: composite system comprises spaced apart inner dividing walls, which define flat modules and adapted to support flooring slabs. The system also has walling provided with upper girder and adapted to form earthquake resistant horizontal connections. Distances between above dividing walls are spanned with floor and roof slabs, which define solid surface. The system includes portal structures and stiffening members. The system has depressions adapted to be filled with shrink-resistant material and connection units.

EFFECT: improved horizontality of solid surface connections, vertical reinforcement continuity and seismic resistance, as well as increased economy.

12 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: reinforced concrete blocks for precast lining of highway tunnels; erection of transport structures.

SUBSTANCE: proposed reinforced concrete block is made from concrete mix containing cement, crushed stone of 5-10-mm and 10-20 mm fractions, sand, plasticizing agent, filler and water; use is made of granite crushed stone at ratio of fractions 5-10 mm and 10-20 mm equal to 1:2.17-2.35; quartz sand contains fractions from 0.16 to 5 mm at the following total screening residues, mass-%: 2.5 mm -3.2-6.0; 1.2 mm - 12.8-16.2; 0.6 mm - 35.8-54.1; 0.3 mm - 70.4-89.3; 0.16 mm - 100; mix contains also granite sand from screenings up to 5 mm in size; used as plasticizing agent is super-plasticizing agent C-3; used as filler is ground quartz sand at specific surface of 2200-3500 cm2/g and additive at the following consumption of components per cubic meter of concrete mix, kg: cement, 300-370; crushed stone, 1100-1210; quartz sand, 650-750; granite sand, 60-75; ground quartz sand, 20-100; water, 125-143.3; super-plasticizing agent C3, 0.8-1.0 of mass-% of cement; additive, 0.1-0.3 of mass-% of cement.

EFFECT: enhanced strength, freeze resistance, water resistance and crack resistance of blocks.

1 tbl

FIELD: transport building, in particular concrete block for lining of highway constructions, preferably headings.

SUBSTANCE: claimed block is formed from concrete mixture containing (kg/m3 concrete mixture): cement - 300-370; granite chip of grade 5-10 mm and 10-20 mm in ratio of 1:1.8-2.35, respectively, - 1100-1210; quartz sand of grade from 0.16 to 5 mm containing the next total knocking (mass %) 2.5 mm - 3.2-6.0; 1.2 mm - 12.8-16.2; 0.6 mm - 35.8-54.1; 0.3 mm - 70.4-89.3; 0.16 mm - 100 - 650-750; granite sand from screening with particle size up to 5 mm - 60-75; milled quartz sand with specific surface of 2200-3500 cm2/g as filler - 30-100; water - 125-143.3; and superplasticizer - 0.8-1.0 % calculated as cement mass.

EFFECT: block of improved strength, freeze-resistance, water impermeability, and crack resistance.

1 tbl

The invention relates to a method of manufacture and composition of hardened gypsum-based products, such as gypsum panels, reinforced gypsum composite panels, plaster, exposed mechanical processing of materials, materials for treatment of joints and insulating tiles and to methods for their preparation and their compositions

The invention relates to the construction of buildings and structures on permafrost, weak and heaving soils and in seismic zones

FIELD: transport building, in particular concrete block for lining of highway constructions, preferably headings.

SUBSTANCE: claimed block is formed from concrete mixture containing (kg/m3 concrete mixture): cement - 300-370; granite chip of grade 5-10 mm and 10-20 mm in ratio of 1:1.8-2.35, respectively, - 1100-1210; quartz sand of grade from 0.16 to 5 mm containing the next total knocking (mass %) 2.5 mm - 3.2-6.0; 1.2 mm - 12.8-16.2; 0.6 mm - 35.8-54.1; 0.3 mm - 70.4-89.3; 0.16 mm - 100 - 650-750; granite sand from screening with particle size up to 5 mm - 60-75; milled quartz sand with specific surface of 2200-3500 cm2/g as filler - 30-100; water - 125-143.3; and superplasticizer - 0.8-1.0 % calculated as cement mass.

EFFECT: block of improved strength, freeze-resistance, water impermeability, and crack resistance.

1 tbl

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