Water supply, domestic sewage separation and treatment for residential buildings, structures

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises two discharge stacks, a treatment facility, a pump to supply treated water, a step-up pump. The first discharge stack is arranged as capable of draining black water and kitchen sewage water into municipal sewerage. The second discharge stack is arranged with the possibility of discharging other domestic waters into a treatment facility. The treatment facility is connected by means of pipelines via a pump to supply treated water with an accumulating tank. The accumulating tank is connected via a pipeline with a step-up pump. The step-up pump is arranged with the possibility of supplying treated water via at least one hydraulic accumulator into a return water manifold. The return water manifold is arranged with the possibility of supplying treated water into at least one flush tank of a toilet and to a system of internal fire fighting.

EFFECT: design will make it possible to reduce consumption of domestic water.

11 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of water supply, water use, and separation and purification of domestic wastewater, in particular to sanitary-technical devices, buildings and structures with the use of recycled water, and can be used on objects of housing and communal purposes, mainly water supply and reuse of waste water for single and multi-storey residential buildings, cottages, office buildings, etc.

The prior art system of water supply and sanitation accommodations using recycled water containing the flow switch drain water from the bath and wash basin, a pump circulating water collecting tank circulating water valves hot and cold water, flush tank of the toilet, sewer outputs tubs and sinks connected to the input of the flow switch. The first output switch via a pump connected to the inlet collection tank circulating water, the second output switch flow of the drain water is connected to a common sewer pipeline. The output tank collection circulating water through the faucet off, the circulating water is connected to the input of the flush tank of the toilet. Located in the flow switch water level sensor is installed with the ability to control Nasonov automatic mode. Located in the collection tank circulating water level sensor is installed with the ability to disable the specified pump in any mode (EN 90087, 27.12.2009).

Known economical system of water supply of the building containing the first option the first pipeline input water connected, at least one sanitary unit. The second drain line connected with the inlet to the drain hole of the sanitary appliance. The storage tank waste water connected to the output of the second drain line. The third pipeline is designed for output of waste water from the storage tank waste water in sewers. The input of the fourth pipe connected to the outlet of the storage tank waste water, and its output is at least one drain the tank of the toilet. The pump is installed in the second pipe and is designed to supply the waste water in the storage tank waste water. The storage tank is placed above the flush tank of the toilet, and the second pipe and the fourth pipe made of a metal pipe, the inner surface of which is coated with a polymer. According to the second variant, the storage tank is placed below the flush tank of the toilet, and the pump is installed in the fourth pipeline (EN 49041, 10.11.2005).

The closest analogue of the claimed invention is the regeneration system of the water in the tub for the purpose of its use is isawanya toilets and watering gardens, including the pipe transfer water from the bath in tank cleaning, which is connected to a pumping device filter sterilization, after which water is stored in a storage tank, where through the device to maintain pressure on the line enters the tank toilets and sprinklers for irrigation (FR 2681354, 19.03.1993).

The disadvantage of these solutions is the impossibility of re-use of purified recycled water systems for internal fire, and there is no accumulation tank 30-60 m3that gives the opportunity to use water for any purposes (fire fighting, irrigation, irrigation) and emergency water node.

The challenge which seeks the proposed invention, is to establish a water system, separation and purification of domestic wastewater for residential buildings, which would exclude the disadvantages indicated above.

Technical result achieved in the implementation of this invention is to reduce the flow of wastewater through the use of purified recycled water for domestic fire sprinkler system and a free tank, saving of natural resources use of water in urban-type settlements from 10 to 18% of total turnover of the water.

This technical result is achieved in the system Woosnam is to be placed, separation and purification of domestic wastewater for residential buildings containing two sewer riser, the first of which is made with the possibility of diversion of sewage and wastewater cuisine in the city's sewer system, and the second made with the possibility of removal other household water treatment plant, United by pipeline through the pump to supply treated water storage capacity, connected by piping to booster pump configured to supply purified water through at least one hydraulic accumulator in the line of recycled water made with the possibility of supply of treated water in at least one drain tank the toilet and on the system of internal fire.

The first sewer riser connected to the city sewer through tank rupture stream.

The treatment plant is additionally connected through the overflow tank rupture jet and has a drain in the tank rupture jet for removal of sediment.

The treatment plant is an aerobic biological sewage treatment plant.

The system of internal fire is a door-to-door fire-extinguishing system and/or fire stair riser.

Door-to-door fire extinguishing system made in the form of fire riser, with carts, at least one Cabinet is Oronogo crane of each apartment building or structure.

Ladder fire riser has an inlet, at least one Cabinet fire plug at each stairwell of a building or structure.

Highway circulating water further comprises a release for refilling of fire and latrines machines.

The backbone of the circulating water supply pipe for supplying cold water.

The backbone of the circulating water is additionally connected to the water supply pipe for supplying cold water through the emergency water node.

Emergency water node with an electromagnetic drive.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a General diagram of the system water, separation and purification of domestic wastewater for residential buildings, where

1 - second sewer riser;

2 - treatment plant;

3 - overflow;

4 - drainage for removal of sediment;

5 - pump for supply of treated water;

6 - cumulative capacity;

7 - booster pump;

8 - hydraulic accumulator;

9 - fire riser for door-to-door fire-fighting systems;

10 - fire stair riser;

11 edition for refilling of fire and latrines machines;

12 - emergency water gauge Assembly;

13 is a pipe for supplying cold water;

14 - tank rupture jet;

15 - urban sanitation;

16 - the first sewer pipe.

the system of water supply, separation and purification of domestic wastewater for residential buildings, structures includes first and second sewer mains, sewage treatment plant - aerobic biological treatment plant, overflow, drain for removal of sediment, a pump for supplying treated water, storage tank, booster pump, a hydraulic accumulator, fire riser for door-to-door fire-fighting systems, fire stair riser, edition for refilling of fire and latrines machines, emergency water gauge Assembly, tank rupture jet and connecting piping between all units of the claimed system.

The first sewer riser on the one hand is connected with the output (s) of fecal flow toilet (s) and output (s) of the flow of the kitchen (s) sink (sinks) for wastewater cuisine, and with the other hand to the input of the pipeline urban sewage through the tank rupture stream.

The second sewer riser on the one hand is connected with the output of the at least one pipeline runoff from sinks, baths, showers, Laundry (washing machines), etc. for removal of household water, and on the other hand to the input of aerobic biological treatment plant in which the entire cleaning business (domestic sewage consisting of a first zone settling and second aerobic biological zone. Purified water without color and smells is and satisfies regulatory requirements environmental and health services of Russia and can be reused for technical purposes for the system of internal fire, drain flushing toilets, refilling of fire and harvesting machines.

Aerobic biological treatment plant are connected through a pipeline with a pump for supplying treated water, which, in turn, connected through a pipeline with a cumulative capacity. Cumulative capacity (tank 30-60 m3to use water for any technical purpose: fire fighting, irrigation, irrigation) through a pipeline connected to a water pump, designed to increase the pressure in the main line of the circulating water and the feed water treated through at least one hydraulic accumulator in the line of the circulating water. Aerobic biological treatment plant can be connected through the overflow tank rupture jet and may be removed in tank rupture jet for removal of sediment.

The hydraulic accumulator has a capacity of up to 10 m3and maintains a constant water pressure in the main line of the circulating water.

The backbone of the circulating water is divided into smaller least two risers, one of which treated water enters the toilet tank, and the other in the system of internal fire. The backbone of the circulating water may further comprise a release for refilling of fire and latrines machines, as well as the backbone of the circulating water can be connected to the water supply pipe for supplying cold the water through the emergency water gauge Assembly with an electromagnetic drive.

The system of internal fire is a door-to-door fire-extinguishing system and/or fire stair riser. When this door-to-door fire extinguishing system made in the form of fire riser, with carts, at least one Cabinet fire plug each apartment buildings or structures. Cabinets fire plug flats are fixed on the walls, made of any building material. Cabinets fire crane apartments are mounted in a recess or on the wall of the apartment, using the mounting holes in the rear wall of the Cabinet and pressure plates on the lateral surfaces of the housing. Cabinets fire crane apartments can be in the form of boxes with hinged door fitted with a lock or latch. On the doors there is a place for a spare key, protected by glass. On the side walls of the case is made of perforated holes for attaching equipment fire valve to the riser for supplying purified water from the trunk of the circulating water. Cabinets fire crane is equipped with a remote turn on booster pump, fire valve, fire sleeve and barrel. Ladder fire riser has an inlet, at least one Cabinet fire plug on each staircase of a building or structure, which are made and equipped as well as cabinets fire crane apartments is.

Emergency water gauge site is intended for emergency water supply from the water supply (urban) pipe for supplying cold water in the toilet tank and the system of internal fire extinguishing in case of maintenance or failure of aerobic biological treatment facility.

Fecal waste from toilets and waste water dishes come in the first sewer riser, and then into the pipe in the sewers.

Water from sinks, baths, showers, washing, etc. are received in the second sewer riser, which feeds them into the aerobic biological sewage treatment plant, where the process of cleaning household (domestic sewage consisting of a first zone settling and second aerobic biological zone. Next, purified water via a pump to supply treated water enters the storage capacity. From the storage tank with booster pump purified water is supplied into the main circulating water, where it enters the drain tanks and the system of internal fire.

The claimed invention allows to increase the utilization of domestic wastewater and to provide the possibility of recycling of domestic wastewater for flushing toilet bowls, urinals and systems of internal fire.

1. The water supply system, sec the population and wastewater management for buildings, structures, characterized in that it contains two sewer riser, the first of which is made with the possibility of diversion of sewage and wastewater cuisine in the city's sewer system, and the second made with the possibility of removal other household water treatment plant, United by pipeline through the pump to supply treated water storage capacity, connected by piping to booster pump configured to supply purified water through at least one hydraulic accumulator in the line of recycled water made with the possibility of supply of treated water in at least one drain the tank of the toilet and on the system of internal fire.

2. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the first sewer riser connected to the city sewer through tank rupture stream.

3. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the treatment plant is additionally connected through the overflow tank rupture jet and has a drain in the tank rupture jet for removal of sediment.

4. The system according to claim 3, characterized in that the treatment plant is an aerobic biological sewage treatment plant.

5. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the system of internal fire is a door-to-door fire-extinguishing system and/or listnin the th fire riser.

6. The system according to claim 5, characterized in that door-to-door fire extinguishing system made in the form of fire riser, with carts, at least one Cabinet fire plug of each apartment building or structure.

7. The system according to claim 5, characterized in that fire stair riser has an inlet, at least one Cabinet fire plug at each stairwell of a building or structure.

8. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the backbone of the circulating water further comprises a release for refilling of fire and latrines machines.

9. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the backbone of the circulating water supply pipe for supplying cold water.

10. The system according to claim 9, characterized in that the backbone of the circulating water is additionally connected to the water supply pipe for supplying cold water through the emergency water node.

11. The system of claim 10, characterized in that the emergency water node with an electromagnetic drive.



 

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Storage tank // 2331739

FIELD: construction.

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8 cl, 2 dwg

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