One-wheel vehicle and vehicle stabiliser

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gyroscopic stabilisers. Two flywheels 12 are mounted on frame 1 to rotate in opposite directions. In vertical position of vehicle, flywheels 12 have parallel rotational axes. Both flywheels 12 may turn in plane perpendicular to direction of motion. With vehicle inclined from vertical position, rotational axis of one flywheel 12 retains vertical position while that of another flywheel in inclined through angle equal to vehicle inclination angle.

EFFECT: higher stability.

13 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to vehicles, particularly to a one-wheeled vehicles, and can be used for the purposes of rest and movement, and to move cargo.

Known vehicle Segway, produced by the American firm Segway LLC, consisting of two wheels located on the same axis located between a platform for the feet. The driver is standing on the platform and holding the control knob of the vehicle. The vehicle uses a complex system of gyroscopes and computers and moves forward and backward in accordance with the inclination of the body of the driver. Steer the vehicle by turning the control knob.

The disadvantages of this vehicle is its width, which causes limitations associated with its use in the General flow of pedestrians.

Known vehicle Honda U3-X, consisting of one complex wheel and electronic stabilization of the driver's position. The main wheel is able to rotate around its own axis, and also has many small wheels located around its rim with the possibility of rotation. Axis small wheels are in the plane of the main wheels, allowing the vehicle to move in the direction perpendicular to the main plane is the Oles, and during the simultaneous rotation of the large and small wheels in any direction selected by the driver. The transport is carried out by tilting the body of the driver, which is controlled by the system of the gyro and electronic control circuit.

The use of this vehicle due to the presence of small wheels is limited by the surface on which moves the vehicle. The surface must be solid and clean enough, such as an office floor.

The closest to the problem at hand and the technical nature of a vehicle eniCycle, designed by the inventor of Slovenia Aleksander Poludnica consisting of one wheel with built-in motor. On top of the wheel with the help of charms, consisting of a shock absorber and a spring, is located seat. A gyro sensor is rigidly fixed to the seat on which is located the driver. The tilting of the driver relative to the vertical in the plane of the direction of movement is determined by the gyro sensor. The signal from the gyro sensor is fed into the electronic system and change the speed of the engine thereby to return the eniCycle balance. If the rider leans forward, the speed increases, and when folded back, the speed decreases. Thus the balance of the vehicle vosstanavlivat the tsya. The disadvantage of this vehicle is that the stabilization of the vehicle roll (anti-drop side) is performed by the driver by balancing the body and change the position of the wheel relative to the vertical axis. This method of balance much difficult and requires a lot of prior preparation of the driver. In addition, falling from a vehicle from a sedentary state associated with the injury.

The objective of the proposed invention is to provide a simple and safe one-wheeled vehicle for use in the open space, particularly in urban environments.

The proposed solution allows to stabilize the unicycle vehicle roll and thereby to protect the driver from falling on its side.

The problem is solved in that the device is stabilized vehicle consists of two wheels mounted on the frame of the vehicle. Flywheels rotating in opposite directions and have the possibility of deviation in the plane perpendicular to the direction of movement of the vehicle. The axis of rotation of the flywheel parallel. Both flywheel provided with stops set so that when tilted transport the tool away from the vertical position, the axis of rotation of the first flywheel maintains a vertical position, and the axis of rotation of the second flywheel is deflected on the deflection angle of the vehicle from the vertical position.

Also supplied technical problem is solved in that on the frame unicycle vehicle mounted wheel and attached the motor to rotate the wheel. Also on the frame rigidly mounted at least one gyro sensor, designed to measure the angular deflection of the frame from the vertical position in the plane of the direction of motion of the unicycle vehicles. On the frame is the control unit of the vehicle that is designed to process data obtained from the gyro sensor measurements and changes the speed and direction of rotation of the motor. In addition, the frame is a battery pack designed to power consumers. On both sides of the wheels mounted on the frame footrest for the driver. This one-wheeled vehicle equipped with an additional device for stabilizing a vehicle, comprising two flywheel. Flywheels are mounted on the frame, rotate in opposite directions and have the possibility of deviation in the plane perpendicular to the direction of movement of the vehicle. The axis of rotation of the flywheel parallel. Both flywheel provided with lugs, set the military so when the slope of the one-wheeled vehicle in the direction from the vertical position of the axis of rotation of the first flywheel stays vertical and the axis of rotation of the second flywheel is deflected on the deflection angle of the vehicle from the vertical position.

In the particular case of the wheel and the motor is made in the form of a motor-wheel.

In the particular case of a vehicle fitted with a handle for support of the hands of the driver with the possibility of fixing it in the folded and extended position.

In the particular case footrest vehicle is equipped with sensors for the presence of the driver on the vehicle, which are connected with the control unit of the vehicle.

In particular, if the vehicle is equipped with a display located on the indicators. This scoreboard can display information about the work as separate devices, in particular the speed of the flywheel and the vehicle as a whole, in particular the speed of its movement.

In the particular case of a vehicle equipped with end clamps the shank of the driver.

In the particular case of each footrest vehicle has at least one support roller.

In the particular case of the vehicle between the frame and wheel set cushion system.

In private the case of a vehicle provided with a protective casing, made of polymer material.

In the particular case protective cover is further provided with reflectors.

In the particular case protective cover is further provided with at least one lamp.

In the particular case of a vehicle equipped with an additional audio source.

The invention is further illustrated by detailed description of a specific exemplary embodiment and the drawings, in which:

1 shows an embodiment of a vehicle;

figure 2 shows a schematic diagram of the vehicle;

figure 3 is an embodiment of a vehicle with an engine and a transmission;

figure 4 - footrest driver mounted supporting rollers;

figure 5 - example of installation of wheels on the vehicle;

figure 6 shows a schematic diagram of operation of the device stabilization of the vehicle.

The inventive one-wheeled vehicle, as shown in figure 1 and figure 2, includes a frame 1 is installed in the frame wheel 2 and the motor 3. The wheel 2 and the motor 3 is equipped with a transmission 4 for transmission of torque from the motor 3 to the wheel 2 (Fig 3). As the transmission 4 can be used, for example, chain or belt drive.

In this particular design of the wheels is 2 and the motor 3 is installed on the same axis and together form a motor-wheel.

The wheel 2 is fixed to the frame 1 through the teeth 5, which figure 1 shows schematically. As an example, in the described design as the suspension system uses a shock absorber and a spring.

Also on the frame 1 of the inventive vehicle, as shown in figure 1, is rigidly mounted a gyro sensor 6. A gyro sensor 6 registers the angle of inclination of the vehicle in the plane direction is the pitch angle. A gyro sensor 6 is connected to the unit 7 control of the vehicle.

Also on the frame 1 of the vehicle fixed block 8 batteries.

On both sides of the wheel 2 on the frame 1 has stands 9 feet of the driver. Each stand 9 foot of the driver is equipped with a sensor 10 having the driver on the vehicle and at least one support roller 11, as shown in figure 4. In the described example as sensors 10 are used limit switches. The sensors 10 having a driver connected to the unit 7 control of the vehicle.

The vehicle has a stabilization device, consisting of two wheels 12 mounted on the frame 1 of the vehicle. Example of installation of wheels 12 on the frame 1 shown in figure 5. Both flywheel 12 is provided with lugs 13. The flywheel 12 is supplied by a motor 14 of the flywheel (figure 5), which are connected with the block 8 battery the Directors and are included as a separate switch. Flywheels 12 mounted for rotation in opposite directions (6) and have the possibility of deviation in the plane perpendicular to the direction of movement of the vehicle (figure 5 and 6). When the deviation of the frame 1 from the vertical position in the plane perpendicular to the direction of movement of the vehicle, the axis of one of the flywheels 12 remains in a vertical position, and the axis of the other is rejected together with the frame 1 on the stop 13.

The vehicle (1) includes LEDs 15, in the described example located on the handle 16 to support the driver. The indicator 15 is made, for example, in the form of a scoreboard. The handle 16 to support the driver installed on the frame 1 and, for convenience of operation of the vehicle, has the ability to commit at least in its extended and folded.

For convenience, the vehicle may be equipped with end clamps 17 of the shank of the driver, is rigidly attached to the frame 1 of the vehicle, and a housing 18. For safe operation of the vehicle cover 18 is equipped with reflectors 19 and headlight 20. For the safety of the vehicle is mounted with the audio source 21.

The power of all consumers of a vehicle, namely an electric motor 3, the gyro sensor 6, block 7, the management is of the vehicle, motors flywheel 12, indicator 15, the lights 20, the audio source 21, is made from a block of 8 batteries.

The vehicle operates as follows.

The vehicle is installed in a vertical position and hold it by the handle 16, switch on the motor of the flywheel 12. To set the flywheels 12 speed vehicle must be in a vertical position. On reaching the flywheels 12 speed required for device stabilization, signal indicators 15.

When the device is stabilized vehicle driver gets up on the stand 9. While the sensors 10 of the presence of the driver on the vehicle include unit 7 of the vehicle control.

The driver on the vehicle begins to move, for example, forward. It is enough to tilt the vehicle in the direction of the intended movement. The tilt can be performed both using the handle 16 to support the driver, and the end tabs 17 or using them together. Unit 7 control data about the angle of deviation from the vertical in the plane direction (the pitch angle)obtained from the gyro sensor 6, seeks to maintain a stable position of the vehicle in pitch, changing speed and UPRAVLENIE rotation of the motor. In the process of uniform rectilinear motion sets the balance between the vehicle speed and the angle of inclination of the vehicle (pitch angle). Any change in the angle of inclination of the vehicle causes it to change its speed and direction of rotation of the motor 3 and, consequently, to restore the necessary balance between the speed of the vehicle and its tilt in pitch.

The braking of the vehicle is made by transferring the vehicle in an upright position.

Thus, the vehicle together with the driver maintains a stable position and has the ability to set the speed and braking.

The safe use of the vehicle is enhanced by the sensors 10 of the presence of the driver on it. In the absence of both legs of the driver on the supports 9 of the vehicle, than the signal from the sensor 10 in block 7 of the control of the vehicle completely shuts off the supply of current to the electric motor 3 and the vehicle can be towed manually.

Also the safety is increased due to the installation of the supporting rollers 11 on stands 9 feet. When driving in close proximity to vertical surfaces, such as parapet walls or high curb, the value is positive it reduces the risk of snagging of the vehicle protruding part, namely stand 9 feet for the surface. The rollers 11 carried out in this case, the slip on a vertical surface and prevent the engagement of the stand 9 feet with the said surface, which can lead to uncontrolled falling of the vehicle together with the driver.

Traffic safety is also enhanced, and the operation of the vehicle is simplified due to the presence of the vehicle stops the tabs 16 of the shank of the driver. The driver, resting on the end tabs 17, conveniently captures feet on the vehicle, and also has the additional ability to adjust the tilt of the vehicle by means of the feet and control the speed of the vehicle.

To protect the driver from possible mud discharges from under the wheel 2, the ingress service to the wheel 2 of the vehicle is provided with a casing 18. In order to facilitate the construction of the casing is made of polymer material, for example made of composite material based on polycarbonate and ABS plastic.

To ensure the safety of movement of the vehicle in conditions of poor visibility vehicle equipped with reflectors 19 and the lamp 20 mounted on the casing 18.

In order to ensure the safety of members of the movement of the vehicle equipped with the audio source 21./p>

1. One-wheeled vehicle consisting of a frame and mounted on the frame of the wheel, a motor for rotating the wheel, at least one of a gyro sensor, connected to a control unit of the vehicle, intended for processing measurements of the gyro sensor angular deviation of the frame from the vertical position in the plane of the direction of motion of the unicycle vehicle and changes the speed and direction of rotation of the electric motor, battery pack, coasters for the foot of the driver installed on the frame on both sides of the wheel, characterized in that the one-wheeled vehicle equipped with an additional device for stabilizing a vehicle, comprising two wheel mounted on the frame, which rotate in opposite directions and mounted for deflection in the plane perpendicular to the direction of movement of the vehicle, with the axis of rotation of the flywheel parallel, both of the flywheel is provided with stops set so that when the slope of the one-wheeled vehicle in the direction from the vertical position of the axis of rotation of the first flywheel stays vertical and the axis of rotation of the second flywheel is deflected on the deflection angle of the vehicle from the vertical position.

2 one-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the wheel and the motor is made in the form of a motor-wheel.

3. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the vehicle is equipped with a handle to support the driver, which has a chance of fixing it in the folded and extended positions.

4. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the footrest fitted with sensors for the presence of the driver on the vehicle, which are connected with the control unit of the vehicle.

5. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the vehicle has indicators systems of the vehicle.

6. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the vehicle is further provided with supports-braces to the legs of the driver.

7. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, wherein each footrest for the driver is provided with at least one support roller mounted on the outside of the stand.

8. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that between the frame and wheel set cushion system.

9. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the vehicle is fitted with a protective cover made of polymeric material.

10. Odnokon the red vehicle according to claim 9, characterized in that the protective casing is further provided with reflectors.

11. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 9, characterized in that the protective casing is further provided with at least one lamp.

12. One-wheeled vehicle according to claim 9, characterized in that the vehicle is equipped with an additional audio source.

13. Device for stabilizing a vehicle consisting of two wheels mounted on the frame of the vehicle, which rotate in opposite directions and have the possibility of deviation in the plane perpendicular to the direction of movement of the vehicle, with the axis of rotation of the flywheel parallel, both of the flywheel is provided with stops set so that when the inclination of the vehicle in the direction from the vertical position of the axis of rotation of the first flywheel stays vertical and the axis of rotation of the second flywheel is deflected on the deflection angle of the vehicle from the vertical position.



 

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