Onboard optical sensor case and onboard optical sensor

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to onboard optical sensor assemblies. Onboard optical sensor case comprises holder 7, washer jet 9 and heater assembly. Holder is designed to retain optical sensor 3 with lens 5. Jet serves to wash sensor lens surface 5a or that of glass cover facing lens 5 by spraying washing fluid fed from 15 on lens or glass surface. Heater assembly comprises optical heater and jet heater. Optical heater and jet heater are made up of single part and integrated into one heater.Onboard optical heater comprises aforesaid case and optical sensor.

EFFECT: cleaning sensor case of sticking foreign particles.

49 cl, 94 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the shell side of an optical sensor used in conjunction with an optical sensor, for example a camera or a laser mounted on the vehicle, and also relates to a device on-Board optical sensor that includes a shell on-Board optical sensor and an optical sensor.

In recent years there has been a trend to equip cars optical sensor, for example a camera or laser. It was suggested that a compressed air generator for creating a jet of compressed air is used to remove foreign substances such as water and dirt adhering to the surface of the lens optical sensor, and a foreign substance adhering to the surface of the lens are removed with a stream of compressed air from the generator of compressed air directed at the surface of the lens (see, for example, JP 2001-171491 A).

However, according to the technology disclosed in JP 2001-171491 A, requires a compressed air generator for creating a jet of compressed air. As a result, the cost and size increase.

Given the above, the present invention is the provision of a shell on-Board optical sensor and device on-Board optical sensor to properly remove foreign substances adhering to the surface of the lens or the surface of the cover glass facing the lens, and at the same time reducing the cost and size due to the fact that compressed air generator to create a jet of compressed air becomes unnecessary.

According to the aspect of the present invention, the shell side of the optical sensor includes a holder for holding an optical sensor having a lens and nozzle washer for operation washer for washing the surface of the lens optical sensor held in the holder, or the surface of the glass cover glass facing the lens, if the cover glass there by spraying washing fluid coming from the washer tank on the lens surface or the glass surface. Because the washer nozzle performs the operation of washing, the washing liquid is properly sprayed on the lens surface or the glass surface, which makes it possible to appropriately remove foreign substances adhering to the surface of the lens or glass surface. Thus, a foreign substance adhering to the surface of the lens, the surface of the glass, properly removed, allowing the optical sensor may not work properly, and at the same time reduces the cost and size due to the fact that compressed air generator to create a jet of compressed air becomes unnecessary.

Another is the SPECTA of the present invention, the device on-Board optical sensor includes a shell on-Board optical sensor, means to control the operation of the washer nozzle washer and optical sensor with the lens. Thus, the flushing liquid is properly sprayed on the lens surface or the glass surface, which makes it possible to appropriately remove foreign substances adhering to the surface of the lens or glass surface. Thus, a foreign substance adhering to the surface of the lens, the surface of the glass, properly removed, allowing the optical sensor may not work properly, and at the same time reduces the cost and size due to the fact that compressed air generator to create a jet of compressed air becomes unnecessary.

The above and other objectives, features and advantages of the present invention made it clear from the following detailed description, with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to the first variant implementation of the present invention, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

2 is a diagram showing how the shell of the camera and the camera optical sensor unit according to the first variant of implementation are separated from each other;

figure 3 is a perspective view of the vehicle, about advanage optical sensor unit according to the first variant of implementation;

4 is a functional block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to the first variant of implementation;

5 is a logical block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to the first variant of implementation;

6 is a functional block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention;

7 is a logical block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to the second variant of implementation;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to modification of the first and second embodiments, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical with namogo unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical Sens is rogo unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

Fig - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification;

Fig - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification;

Fig functional block diagram of the optical sensor unit shown in Fig;

figa and 23B - views in perspective of a vehicle, equipped with an optical sensor unit according to another modification;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

Fig diagram showing how the shell of the camera and the camera optical sensor unit according to the third variant of implementation are separated from each other;

Fig functional block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to the third variant of implementation;

Fig is a logical block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to the third variant of implementation;

Fig functional block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to the fourth variant of implementation of the present invention;

Fig is a logical block diagram of the optical sensor is on the block according to the fourth variant of implementation;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to modification according to the third and fourth variants of implementation, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and IGF - schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor b is an eye according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

Fig diagram showing how the power is raised and the washing liquid in the optical sensor unit, shown in figa and 49B;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

figa - schematic front view of the optical sensor unit according to another modification, and FIGU is a schematic side view in section of the optical sensor unit shown in figa;

Fig is a logical block diagram of an optical sensor unit according to another modification according to the fourth variant of implementation; and

Fig image captured by the camera.

The first option exercise

The first version of the implementation related to the camera that implements optical sensor that meets the present invention is described below with reference to figa-5.

According figa and 1B, the optical sensor unit 1 (device side optical sensor conforming to the present invention includes a shell 2 cameras (shell side optical sensor conforming to the present invention) and the camera 3. Camera 3 is attached to the shell 2 cameras with the possibility of disconnection. The camera 3 lens 5 is located on the front side (the left side on figv) of the housing 4 and the power supply line (not shown), and the output line of the image signal (not shown) are extended from the rear side (the right the second hand on figv) of the housing 4. The power supply line used to supply power to the camera 3. The output line of the image signal is used to output the image signal. The lens 5 is a lens type "fish eye", which has a curved surface 5a of the lens, which may take a wide-angle image.

In the shell 2 camera holder 7 for holding the camera 3 is located in the casing 6 and the hole 8 is located on the rear side of the casing 6. According to figure 2, the camera 3 is attached to the shell 2 of the camera through the hole 8 and is detached from the shell 2 to the camera via hole 8. In the shell 2 cameras nozzle 9 washer is located above the holder 7. The nozzle 9 of the washer has an L-shape. The base 9a of the nozzle 9 of the washer attached to the tube 10 on the rear side of the casing 6. The tip of the nozzle 9b 9 washer has an opening oriented downward and allowing the spray hole 11. When the camera 3 is normally held in the holder 7 (in case of normal use, shown in figa and 1B), the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 is located directly below the tip of the nozzle 9b 9 washer. Note that the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer is in the area outside the angle of view (indicated on figure 4, which presents a functional block diagram showing the electrical configuration of a peripheral circuit that includes the opt is ical sensor unit 1. Device on-Board optical sensor conforming to the present invention, includes an optical sensor unit 1 and the controller 14. The controller 14 (management tool, a means of detecting the position of the transmission, means for detecting the beginning of the activation of the vehicle, a means of detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle, a means of detecting contamination of an image or detection tool hazy image of the present invention mainly includes a microcomputer. The controller 14 performs the pre-stored control program, thereby controlling the operation of the capture camera 3 and the driving motor 16 installed in the tank 15 washer, to control the operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer.

In this case, when the motor 16 is running, the washing liquid stored in the tank 15 washer, supplied to the injector 9 washer on the tube 10. The flushing liquid is supplied to the injector 9 washer, hydraulically sprayed from the spray hole 11 on the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3. The washing liquid may be sprayed in different ways. For example, the flushing liquid can be sprayed on the surface 5a of the lens in the form of a mist. In order another example, a moderate amount of washing fluid can flow to the surface 5a of the lens in the form of grain, the amount of which is not less than the size of the RA haze particles. In order another example, a predetermined amount of wash liquid may for one moment to come to the surface 5a of the lens in the form of a block. Note that the tank 15 washer is installed in a conventional engine compartment of the body 12 of the vehicle.

The device of the liquid crystal display 17 (notifier of the present invention) is in the vehicle. When receiving the image signal output from the camera 3, the device of the liquid crystal display 17 displays the image corresponding to the image signal by decoding the image signal. The controller 14 sets whether the image contains dirt or fog, by analyzing the image displayed on the liquid crystal display device 17 (e.g., defining, big or small, the brightness of the pixel).

The switch 18 washer is activated by the user. When the user activates the switch 18 washer, switch 18 washer outputs a detection signal to the operation controller 14. When receiving a signal detection operation, the output of the switch 18 washer, the controller 14 outputs a command signal excitation to the motor 16, thereby powering the motor 16. For example, the command signal excitation, the output from the controller 14 to the motor 16, is a level signal, and the operation of the washer nozzle 9 ohms is on of the motor is performed only during a period of time, when the level signal corresponds to the "on" state (high level). The switch 18 washer may be a mechanical switch or touch switch located on the device's LCD display 17.

The interface 19 automotive LAN receives the position signal transmission indicating the position of the gearbox of the vehicle, the ACC signal indicating the state of the "on/off" ACC (accessory) switch, and the signal IG indicating the state of the "on/off" switch IG (ignition) from different types of ECUs via the vehicle LAN 22. Then the interface 19 automotive LAN outputs the received signals to the controller 14. When the reception signals outputted from the interface 19 automotive LAN controller 14 analyzes the received signals, thereby detecting the position of the transmission, the "on/off" switch ACC and status "on/off" the ignition switch.

The action of the above-described configuration is described below with reference to figure 5.

In power-on state (in the excited state of the optical sensor unit 1), the controller 14 determines, involved whether the switch 18 washer (step S1). When the controller 14 receives the signal detection operation, the output of the switch 18 ohms the user and determines that the switch 18 washer used ("YES" at step S1), the controller 14 outputs a command signal excitation to the motor 16 for actuation of the motor 16, thereby making the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer (step S2). Thus, the washing liquid stored in the tank 15 washer, supplied to the injector 9 washer and sprayed from the spray hole 11 on the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3. In this case, the controller 14 may continue the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer only within a predetermined period of time (e.g. several seconds). Alternatively, the controller 14 may continue the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer only when the user activates (e.g., by pressing a switch 18 washer. In addition, if the function of measuring the amount of washing fluid is enabled, the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer may continue only until the amount of the sprayed wash liquid reaches a predetermined number. Note that the controller 14 repeats the above-mentioned steps S1, S2.

As described above, according to the first variant implementation of the sheath 2 cameras connected to the camera 3 and detachable from it, provided with a nozzle 9 of the washer to spray washing fluid coming from the tank 15 washer, p is the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 for washing the surface 5a of the lens. In this approach, the traditional unit of generation compressed air to create a jet of compressed air is unnecessary, which reduces the cost and size. A foreign substance adhering to the surface 5a of the lens, properly removed, allowing the camera 3 to function properly. In addition, since the shell 2 cameras can join the chamber 3 and to detach from it, it can easily be replaced.

The second option exercise

The second variant implementation of the present invention is described below with reference to Fig.6 and 7. The second variant of implementation differs from the first variant implementation of the following points. In the first embodiment, the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer is triggered when the switch 18 washer is activated by the user. Thus, the operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer manually. In the second embodiment, the conditions include the detection of the fact that the transmission goes into reverse position (detection of the fact that the transmission of the vehicle is in a predetermined position in the present invention), detection of the fact that the ignition switch is moved from a state "off" state to "on" (the discovery of the fact that activation of the I car starts in the present invention), and the discovery of the fact that the ignition switch was switched from "on" to "off" (the discovery of the fact that activation of the car ends in the present invention). The operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer is initiated when any of the operating conditions or when the image contains dirt. Thus, the operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer is done automatically. The controller 31 according to the second variant of implementation has the function reference.

According to Fig.7. in power-on state (in the excited state of the optical sensor unit 1), the controller 31 determines whether any of the conditions (step S11), and determines whether the image contains mud (step S12). Then, if the controller 31 determines that any of the conditions is performed, i.e. determines that the transmission goes into reverse position, the ignition switch is moved from a state "off" state to "on", or the ignition switch was switched from "on" to "off" ("YES" at step S11), or, if the controller 31 determines that the image contains mud ("YES" at step S12), the controller 31 starts the motor 16, thereby making the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer in within a pre-defined to the aqueous period of time (step S13).

Then, the controller 31 increases (adding "1") count ayvani (step S14), and checks the condition that the incremented count ayvani less than a predetermined number (step S15). If the controller 31 determines that the incremented count ayvani less than a predetermined number ("YES" at step S15), the controller 31 returns to step S12 and repeats the steps following the step S12. On the contrary, if the controller 31 determines that the incremented count ayvani greater than or equal to a predetermined number ("NO" at step S15), the controller 31 instructs the liquid crystal display device 17 to display the error display indicating that the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer carried out a predetermined number of times (step S16). Then, the controller 31 resets the counter value of the number of ayvani (step S17), and terminates the procedure.

If the controller 31 determines that the image does not contain dirt (the dirt is the result of the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer) ("NO" at step S12), the controller 31 resets the counter value of the number of ayvani (step S18), and then returns to step S11 and repeats the steps following the step S11.

As described above, according to the second variant of implementation, the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 can automatically be washed when su the lump is detected, what transmission the car goes into reverse position, the ignition switch is moved from a state "off" to "on"state, the ignition switch was switched from "on" to "off", or that the image contains dirt. In addition, the error display is displayed when the count ayvani is greater than or equal to a predetermined number. Alternatively, if the measurement function of time flow is enabled, the display of the error may be displayed when the washer reaches a predetermined time.

Variants described above implementation can be modified or expanded as follows.

The optical sensor is not limited by the camera 3 and may be a sensor, such as a laser, which has a lens and optically measures a physical quantity.

According to variants of implementation, when the count value of the number of ayvani is greater than or equal to a predetermined number, the error display is displayed on the liquid crystal display device 17. Alternatively, in this case, an error beep can be output from the speaker, or vibration, or static electricity can be generated from the seat or handlebar with the help of the generator of static electricity or the gene is atora vibration, installed in the seat or the handle. Alternatively, you can use them in conjunction with each other. Thus, the notification may be through sight, hearing and touch.

The configuration shown in figure 5, in which the operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer is done manually, can be used in conjunction with the configuration shown in Fig.7, in which the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer is carried out automatically.

According figa and 8B waterproofing treatment can be applied to the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3, making the surface 5a of the lens may be covered with a water-repellent layer 41. Alternatively, hydrophilization treatment, photocatalytic treatment or processing antifouling can be applied to the surface 5a of the lens, making the surface 5a of the lens may be covered with a hydrophilic layer, the photocatalyst layer or the layer that prevents fouling. In this approach it is possible to prevent the adhesion of foreign substances such as water and dirt to the surface 5a of the lens. Furthermore, even if foreign substances, such as water and dirt stick to the surface 5a of the lens, the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer, making the surface 5a of the lens can properly wash.

According figa and 9B of the casing 52 of the casing 51 of the chamber m which may be provided with a nozzle washer box 53, which is parallel to the nozzle 9 of the washer. The washing liquid stored in the tank 15 washer may enter the nozzle 53 of the washer open the tube 54, and the washing liquid supplied to the nozzle 53 of the washer open, can be sprayed from the spray holes 55 on the window. In this approach, not only the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3, and the window can be washed, which allows you to provide multiple functions. Alternatively, the washer tank for storing washing liquid supplied to the nozzle 53 of the washer open, may be provided separately from the tank 15 washer for storing washing fluid supplied to the injector 9 of the washer. Alternatively, the spraying direction of the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer may be variable for selective operation for spraying wash liquid onto the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 and the operation for spraying wash liquid onto the window.

According figa and 10B of the casing 62 of the casing 61 of the camera can be fitted with a tray 63 and the tube 64. When the washing liquid is sprayed from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer to the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3, the pallet 63 may be collected washing fluid dripping from the surface 5a of the lens, and washing liquid accumulated in the sump 63, can flow through the pipe 64 In this approach it is possible to prevent the contamination of the window washing fluid, dripping from the surface 5a of the lens. Alternatively, the tray may be provided with a hole, and washing liquid dripping from the surface 5a of the lens may enter the box through a hole that allows you to wash the window.

According figa and 11B of the casing 72 of the shell 71 of the camera can be fitted with a visor 73. Visor 73 has a ledge that covers the surface 5a of the lens at the top. In this approach it is possible to prevent the adhesion of foreign substances such as water and dirt (in particular, raindrops), from above, to the surface 5a of the lens.

According figa and 12B of the casing 82 of the shell 81 of the camera may be provided with a projection 83 which is in position directly under the lens 5) near the bottom edge surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3. In this approach, even if water accumulates on the bottom surface 5a of the lens, the water accumulated on the bottom surface 5a of the lens comes into contact with the protrusion 83 is directed beneath the surface 5a of the lens and, thus, removed.

The position where the water accumulates on the bottom surface 5a of the lens changes depending on the curvature and diameter of the lens 5. For this reason, according figa and 13B of the casing 92 of the shell 91 camera may be provided with a protrusion 93. The projection 93 may be located in a position near the bottom edge surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 and move up and down in the slots 94. For example, when the diameter Lin is s 5 great the protrusion 93 is forced to move downward, and when the diameter of the lens 5 is small, the protrusion 93 is forced to move upwards. Thus, due to the movement of the protrusion 93 up and down the ledge 93 may properly come in contact with water, regardless of the curvature and diameter of the lens 5. For example, the projection 93 may be provided with a section of the outer thread, and the slot 94 may be provided with a plot of the internal thread. The area of the outer thread and the area of the internal thread are concatenated with each other, allowing the protrusion 93 can be moved up and down in the slots 94.

According figa and 14B of the casing 102 of the casing 101 of the camera can be fitted with a transparent cover glass 103. Cover glass 103 may be located on the front side of the casing 102 facing the lens 5 of the camera 3. The flush fluid coming from the tank 15 of the washer nozzle 9 washer on the tube 10 may be sprayed from the spray hole 11 on the surface 103a of the glass cover glass 103. In this case, because all the camera 3 is held in the casing 102, the size of the casing 102 in the forward-backward (from the front side to the rear side of the casing 102 larger than the casing 6 according to the first and second variants of implementation. In this approach, the cover glass 103 protects the lens 5 of the camera 3, and the flushing liquid is properly sprayed on the surface 103a of the glass, which allows the proper way is to remove foreign substances, adheres to the surface 103a of the glass. Thus, the camera 3 may be operating properly to capture a proper image of the object.

According figa and 15B waterproofing treatment can be applied to the surface 103a of the glass cover glass 103, making the surface 103a of the glass may be covered with a water-repellent layer 111. Alternatively, hydrophilization treatment, photocatalytic treatment or processing antifouling can be applied to the surface 103a of the glass, making the surface 103a of the glass may be covered with a hydrophilic layer, the photocatalyst layer or the layer that prevents fouling. In this approach it is possible to prevent the adhesion of foreign substances such as water and dirt to the surface 103a of the glass. Furthermore, even if foreign substances, such as water and dirt stick to the surface 103a of the glass, the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer, making the surface 103a of the glass can properly wash.

According figa and 16B of the casing 122 of the shell camera 121 may be provided with a wiping mechanism 125 (by means of drying in the present invention). The wiping mechanism 125 includes a wiper 123 for wiping the surface 103a of cover glass 103 and the motor 124 to actuate the wiper 123. The wiping mechanism mom wipe the surface 103a of cover glass 103 during or after the spraying of the wash liquid on the surface 103a of cover glass 103 from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer. In this approach it is possible to prevent the washing liquid remained stuck to the surface 103a of cover glass 103. Alternatively, if the cover glass 103 is not included, there may be a wiping mechanism for wiping the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3.

According figa and 17B of the casing 132 of the shell 131 of the camera may be equipped with a rotation mechanism 135 (by means of rotation in the present invention). The rotation mechanism 135 includes a sealed bearing 133 and the motor 134 to ensure rotation of the cover glass 103. The rotation mechanism 135 may cause the cover glass 103 to rotate during or after the spraying of wash liquid from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the surface 103a of cover glass 103. In this approach, while the cover glass 103 is rotated, it is possible to blow off the washing liquid adhering to the surface 103a of cover glass 103. Thus, it is possible to prevent the washing liquid remained stuck to the surface 103a of cover glass 103. In this case, for example, if a person touches the cover glass 103, it prevents rotation that does not allow removal of the wash liquid to the fullest. To avoid this, the rotation mechanism 135 may cause the cover glass 103 to rotate under the condition that the speed of the car is île greater than or equal to a predetermined speed, for example 1. That is usually the person outside the vehicle can approach the car, when the car is parked or stopped. Thus, when the vehicle is parked or stopped, there is a possibility that the person accidentally touches the cover glass 103. However, people will not fit in the car, when the car is moving. Thus, when the vehicle is moving, there is no possibility that a person accidentally touches the cover glass 103. For the foregoing reasons, the rotation mechanism 135 may be adapted to rotate the cover glass 103 under the condition that the vehicle speed is greater than or equal to a predetermined speed. With this approach it is possible to prevent the reduction in the possibility of removal of the drilling fluid due to touching of the person outside the car.

If the cover glass 103 is where people in the car can touch it, for example on the side mirror, it is preferable to take measures that do not allow to touch him. For this reason, the rotation mechanism 135 may be adapted to rotate the cover glass 103, provided that the window is closed. In this approach, you can avoid problems caused by the touch of the man in the car rotating the cover glass 103. In this case, it is not always necessary that the window was closed. Irrelevant, if the window is slightly prodry is about, provided that the window is closed to the position where the user cannot touch the cover glass 103, leaning out of the window. In this case, the air can enter through the window. The position to which must be closed window, you can determine on the basis of the relationship between the position of the cover glass 103 in the car and how the user can lean out of the window.

According figa and 18B of the casing 142 of shell 141 camera may be provided with a vibration mechanism 145 (by means of ultrasonic vibration or by means of infrasonic vibration in the present invention). The vibration mechanism 145 includes a piezoelectric device 143 and the electrode 144 for generating ultrasonic waves or infrasonic waves, which causes the cover glass 103 to vibrate. The vibration mechanism 145 may cause the cover glass 103 to vibrate during or after the spraying of wash liquid from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the surface 103a of cover glass 103. In this approach it is possible to prevent the washing liquid remained stuck to the surface 103a of cover glass 103.

According figa and 19B casing 152 of the shell 151 of the camera may be equipped with a mechanism 156 creating a jet of air (by means of creating a jet of air in the present invention). Mechanism 156 creating a jet of air which includes an air nozzle 153, the tube 154 and the air pump 155 to create a jet of air directed at the surface 103a of cover glass 103. Mechanism 156 creating a jet of air can create a stream of air directed at the surface 103a of cover glass 103, during or after the spraying of wash liquid from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the surface 103a of cover glass 103. In this approach it is possible to prevent the washing liquid remained stuck to the surface 103a of cover glass 103.

The wiping mechanism 125, explained on figa and 16B, the rotation mechanism 135, explained on figa and 17B, the vibration mechanism 145, explained on figa and 18B, and a mechanism 156 creating a jet of air, explained on figa and 19B may be adapted for operation in accordance with an operating state of the automotive wiper. The wiping mechanism 125, the rotation mechanism 135, the vibration mechanism 145 and mechanism 156 creating air stream can work during the period of time when the automobile windshield wiper. With this approach it is possible to prevent the adhesion of raindrops to the surface 5a of the lens or the surface 103a of the glass. In addition, even if the raindrops cling to the surface 5a of the lens or surface 103a glass, rain drops can be deleted.

According Fig nozzle 163 washer may have Itsa in the casing 162 shell 161 camera side camera 3. The washing liquid stored in the tank 15 washer may enter the nozzle 163 washer on the tube 10, and the flushing liquid is supplied to the nozzle 163 washer, may be sprayed from the spray holes 164 on the surface 5a of the lens 5 from the side. In this case, the nozzle 163 washer runs along the entire casing 162 like nozzle 9 washer, explained on figa and 1B, runs along the entire casing 6. In this approach, since the nozzle 163 washer is on the side of the camera 3, the device on-Board optical sensor can be reduced in size in the direction of height. Note that the device on-Board optical sensor can be installed on the vehicle in the same manner as shown in figa and 1B or pig, according to the types of vehicles in relation to the position of installation, limited design and appearance of the vehicle, which are determined by the car manufacturers. According to this variant implementation of the device on-Board optical sensor can be installed on the vehicle vertically or horizontally according to the types of cars.

According pig and 22 may be provided camera 172, in which the integrated infrared lamp 171 (lighting facility in the present invention). The washing liquid stored in the tank 15 washer may enter the nozzle 9 of the washer and aspirates from the spray hole 11 not only on the lens surface 173 of the camera 172, but on an infrared lamp 171. For example, an infrared lamp 171 can be used in low-light conditions when the camera 3 captures an image at night. According to a variant implementation, shown in Fig and 22, foreign substances adhering to the lens infrared lamp 171, properly removed, so that infrared light can properly be emanated. Alternatively, according pig and 22 infrared lamp 171 can be replaced with a visible light lamp (lighting facility in the present invention). Even a visible light lamp can create the same effect as an infrared lamp 171.

According figa and 23B of the optical sensor unit 1 may be not only over the rear window 13 of the body 12 of the vehicle, but under the side mirror attached to Board the vehicle. In this approach, the camera 3 can capture the image of the area behind and to the side of the car. Thus, it can be installed multiple cameras.

Any two or more of the above embodiments can be combined with each other. For example, the pallet 63, explained on figa and 10B, the visor 73, explained on figa and 11B, and a wiping mechanism 125, explained on figa and 16B, can be provided simultaneously.

In the above embodiments, the exercise device on-Board optical sensor includes a controller Opticheskie sensor unit. Alternatively, the shell of the camera may include a controller.

A third option exercise

Third alternative implementation of the present invention is described below with reference to figa-27. A third option implementation differs from the first variant implementation of the following points. According figa and 24B heater 201 (optical means and heating means heating nozzles, which are formed as a unit from the same parts in the present invention) and a wire (not shown) for supplying electric current to the heater 201 is located in the casing 6. When the camera 3 is normally held in the holder 7, the heater 201 covers the entire lateral periphery of the lens 5 of the camera 3 and is in contact with the area (near the curved section in the present embodiment) nozzles 9 of the washer on the side of the tip 9b. For example, the heater 201 can be performed in a grid of hot wires. The heat generated by the heater 201 is transmitted to the lens 5 of the camera 3 and the area of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the side of the tip 9b.

On Fig presents a functional block diagram showing the electrical configuration of a peripheral circuit that includes an optical sensor unit 1. The controller 14 mainly includes a microcomputer. The controller 14 executes a pre-stored program control, the sa is output by controlling the operation of the capture camera 3, controlling the heating operation of the heater 201 and the driving motor 16 installed in the tank 15 washer, to control the operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer. The switch 202 of the heater is activated by the user. When the user activates the switch 202 heater switch heater 202 outputs a detection signal to the operation controller 14. When receiving a signal detection operation, the output of the switch 202 of the heater, the controller 14 outputs a command signal excitation to the heater 201, thereby activating the heater 201. The command signal excitation, the output from the controller 14 to the motor 16, and the command signal excitation, the output from the controller 14 to the heater 201 are level signals. The operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer and the heating operation of the heater 201 is carried out only during the period of time when the level signals correspond to the "on" state (high level). The switch 18 of the washer and the switch 202 of the heater can be mechanical switches or touch switches located on the device's LCD display 17.

The action of the above-described configuration is described below with reference to Fig.

In power-on state (in the excited state of the optical sensor unit 1) controller abreast, involved whether the switch 18 washer (step S101), and determines, involved whether the switch 202 of the heater (step S102). When the controller 14 receives the signal detection operation, the output of the switch 18 washer, and determines that the switch 18 washer used ("YES" at step S101), the controller 14 outputs a command signal excitation to the motor 16 for actuation of the motor 16, thereby making the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer (step S103). Thus, the washing liquid stored in the tank 15 washer, supplied to the injector 9 washer and sprayed from the spray hole 11 on the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 (step S103). In this case, the controller 14 may continue the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer only within a predetermined period of time (e.g. several seconds). Alternatively, the controller 14 may continue the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer only when the user activates (e.g., by pressing a switch 18 washer. In addition, if the function of measuring the amount of washing fluid is enabled, the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer may continue only until the amount of the sprayed wash liquid reaches a predetermined number.

In addition, when the controller 14 receives the signal detection operation is then, the output of the switch heater 202, and determines that the switch 202 of the heater is used ("YES" at step S102), the controller 14 outputs a command signal excitation to the heater 201 to activate the heater 201, thereby initiating operation of the heating of the heater 201 (step S104). Thus, the heat generated by the heater 201 is transmitted the entire lateral periphery of the lens 5 of the camera 3, and is transferred to the side of the tip of the nozzle 9b 9 washer. In this case, the controller 14 can continue the heating operation of the heater 201 only within a predetermined period of time. Alternatively, the controller 14 can continue the heating operation of the heater 201 only when the user activates (e.g., clicking on) the switch 202 of the heater. The controller 14 repeats the above-mentioned steps S101-S104.

As described above, according to the third variant of implementation, the heater 201 may be heated not only by the lens 5 of the camera 3, and the nozzle 9 of the washer. Even when the ambient temperature decreases, the lens 5 of the camera 3 can be heated to prevent fogging of the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3, and to prevent freezing of water on the surface 5a of the lens. In addition, the nozzle 9 of the washer can be heated to prevent freezing of the circulating fluid. Thus, the flushing liquid can properly is aspilates on the surface 5a of the lens, that allows you to properly remove foreign substances adhering to the surface 5a of the lens. Thus, the camera 3 may be operating properly.

The fourth option exercise

The fourth variant of implementation of the present invention is described below with reference to Fig and 29. The fourth option implementation differs from the third variant of the implementation of the following points.

According to the fourth variant of the implementation shown in Fig, provided by an external thermometer 203 (a means of measuring the ambient temperature in the present invention) for measuring the ambient temperature and thermometer camera 204 (temperature measuring sensor in the present invention) for measuring the temperature of the chamber 3. When receiving a signal of the temperature measurement, the output from an external thermometer 203, the controller 205 sets the ambient temperature by analyzing the received signal of the temperature measurement. When receiving a signal of the temperature measurement, the output of thermometer camera 204, a controller 205 sets the temperature of the chamber 3 by analyzing the received signal of the temperature measurement. Note that the controller 205 has the function reference.

According pig in power-on state (in the excited state of the optical sensor unit 1), the controller 205 is determined is, if any of the conditions (step S111), and determines whether the image contains mud (step S112 (). Then, if the controller 205 determines that any of the conditions is performed, i.e. determines that the transmission goes into reverse position, the ignition switch is moved from a state "off" state to "on", or the ignition switch was switched from "on" to "off" ("YES" at step S111), or if the controller 205 determines that the image contains mud ("YES" at step S112 (), the controller 205 checks the condition that the ambient temperature or the temperature of the camera 3 or more equal to a predetermined temperature (step S113).

Then, if the controller 205 determines that the ambient temperature or the temperature of the chamber 3 is less than a predetermined temperature ("NO" at step S113), the controller 205 activates the heater 201 to implement the heating operation of the heater 201 only within a predetermined period of time (step S114). Then, the controller 205 increases (by adding "1") count of heating (step S115), and determines less whether the incremented count of the number of heating a predetermined number (step S116). If the controller 205 determines that the incremented count of the number of heating is less than the advance, the e of a certain number ("YES" at step S116), the controller 205 returns to step S113, and repeats the steps following the step S113. On the contrary, if the controller 205 determines that the incremented count of the number of heating is greater than or equal to a predetermined number ("NO" at step S116), the controller 205 instructs the liquid crystal display device 17 to display the error display indicating that the heating operation of the heater 201 was repeated a predetermined number of times (step S117). Then, the controller 205 clears the counter value of the number of heating (step S118), and ends the procedure.

If the controller 205 determines that the ambient temperature or the temperature of the chamber 3 is greater than or equal to a predetermined temperature (YES at step S113), the controller 205 causes the motor 16 to the operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer within a predetermined time period (step S119). Then, the controller 205 increases (adding "1") count ayvani (step S120) and checks the condition that the incremented count ayvani less than a predetermined number (step S21). If the controller 205 determines that the incremented count ayvani less than a predetermined number ("YES" at step S121), the controller 205 returns to step S112 (and repeats the steps following the step S112 (. On the contrary, if to is troller 205 determines what is increased count ayvani greater than or equal to a predetermined number ("NO" at step S121), the controller 205 instructs the liquid crystal display device 17 to display the error display indicating that the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer carried out a predetermined number of times (step S122). Then, the controller 205 clears the counter value of the number of ayvani (step S123), and ends the procedure.

If the controller 205 determines that the image does not contain dirt (the dirt is the result of the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer) ("NO" at step S112 (), the controller 205 clears not only the count of the number of multiple firings, but the counter value of the number of ayvani (step S124), and returns to step S11 and repeats the steps following the step S111.

As described above, according to the fourth variant of implementation, the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 can automatically be washed at least detecting that the transmission of the vehicle moves in the reverse position, the ignition switch is moved from a state "off" to "on"state, the ignition switch was switched from "on" to "off", or that the image contains dirt. In addition, the error display is displayed when the counter value of the number of heating or count the number of ayvani is greater than or equal to a predetermined number. Alternatively, if there is a function measuring the heating time or the time of washing, the error may be displayed when the heating time or the time the flow reaches a predetermined time.

The above is an implementation option, you can modify and expand as follows. A heater for heating the lens 5 of the camera 3 may be provided separately from the heater for heating the nozzle 9 of the washer.

According to a variant implementation of the heater 201 is adapted to heat as the lens 5 of the camera 3 and the nozzle 9 of the washer. Alternatively, the heater 201 may be adapted to heat or lens 5 of the camera 3 or the nozzle 9 of the washer.

Assuming that the heater 201 is adapted to heat the lens 5 of the camera 3, the lens 5 of the camera 3 is heated by the heater 201 at low ambient temperature to prevent fogging of the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3. Thus, the camera 3 may be operating properly to capture a proper image of the object.

Assuming that the heater 201 is adapted to heat the nozzle 9 of the washer nozzle 9 washer is heated by the heater 201 at low ambient temperatures to prevent freezing of the circulating fluid. Thus, the washing liquid can be properly sprayed on the surface the face 5a of the lens, that allows you to properly remove foreign substances adhering to the surface 5a of the lens. Thus, the camera 3 may be operating properly to capture a proper image of the object.

According to a variant implementation of the error display is displayed on the liquid crystal display device 17, when the count value of the number of heating or count ayvani is greater than or equal to a predetermined number. Alternatively, in this case, an error beep can be output from the speaker, or vibration, or static electricity can be generated from the seat or handlebar with the help of the generator of static electricity or vibration generator, installed in the seat or the handle. Alternatively, you can use them in conjunction with each other. Thus, the notification may be through sight, hearing and touch.

The configuration shown in Fig, in which the operation of the washer nozzle 9 of the washer is done manually, can be used in conjunction with the configuration shown in Fig, in which the operation of the washer nozzle 9 washer is carried out automatically.

According figa and 30B, similar to the configuration shown in figa and 8B, even when provided the heater 201, waterproofing treatment can note the change to the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3, so the surface 5a of the lens may be covered with a water-repellent layer 41. Alternatively, hydrophilization treatment, photocatalytic treatment or processing antifouling can be applied to the surface 5a of the lens, making the surface 5a of the lens may be covered with a hydrophilic layer, the photocatalyst layer or the layer that prevents fouling.

According figa and 31B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 9B, even when provided the heater 201, the casing 52 of the casing 51 of the camera can be fitted with a nozzle, washer, window 53 which is parallel to the nozzle 9 of the washer. The washing liquid stored in the tank 15 washer may enter the nozzle 53 of the washer open the tube 54, and the washing liquid supplied to the nozzle 53 of the washer open, can be sprayed from the spray holes 55 on the window.

According figa and 32B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 10B, even when provided the heater 201, the casing 62 of the casing 61 of the camera can be fitted with a tray 63 and the tube 64. When the washing liquid is sprayed from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer to the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3, the pallet 63 may be collected washing fluid dripping from the surface 5a of the lens, and washing liquid accumulated in the sump 63, can flow through the pipe 64.

<> According figa and 33B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 11B, even when provided the heater 201, the casing 72 of the shell 71 of the camera can be fitted with a visor 73.

According figa and 34B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 14B, even when provided the heater 201, the housing 102 of the casing 101 of the camera can be fitted with a transparent cover glass 103. Cover glass 103 may be located on the front side of the casing 102 facing the lens 5 of the camera 3. The flush fluid coming from the tank 15 of the washer nozzle 9 washer on the tube 10 may be sprayed from the spray hole 11 on the surface 103a of cover glass 103.

In this case, the heater 301 covers the entire lateral periphery of the cover glass 103 and is in contact with the area of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the side of the tip 9b. The heat generated by the heater 301, can be transferred to the cover glass 103 and the area of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the side of the tip 9b. In addition, because all the camera 3 is held in the casing 102, the size of the casing 102 in the forward-backward (from the front side to the rear side of the casing 102 larger than the casing 6 of the third variant implementation. In this approach, while the cover glass 103 protects the lens 5 of the camera 3, it is possible to prevent condensation on the surface 103a of cover glass 103. In addition, you can prevent samertan the Yu drilling fluid. Thus, the washing liquid can be properly sprayed on the surface 103a of glass that allows you to properly remove foreign substances adhering to the surface 103a of the glass. Thus, the camera 3 may be operating properly to capture a proper image of the object.

According figa and 35B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 15B, even when provided the heater 301, waterproofing treatment can be applied to the surface 103a of cover glass 103, making the surface 103a of the glass may be covered with a water-repellent layer 111. Alternatively, hydrophilization treatment, photocatalytic treatment or processing antifouling can be applied to the surface 103a of the glass, making the surface 103a of the glass may be covered with a hydrophilic layer, the photocatalyst layer or the layer that prevents fouling.

According figa and 36B in the casing 102 of the casing 101 of the camera surface 103a glass cover 103 may be coated with indium oxide-tin 112 and the electrode 113 may be provided on the portion of the upper side and the area of the lower side of the cover glass 103. A predetermined voltage may be supplied to the electrode 113, so that an electric current could flow through the indium oxide-tin 112. As a result, the indium oxide-tin 112 generates heat, allowing agrevate cover glass 103. Alternatively, the surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3 may be coated with indium oxide-tin, and the electrode provided in the chamber 3, can cause the indium oxide-tin to produce heat, allowing to heat the lens 5.

According figa and 37B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 16B, even when provided the heater 301, the casing 122 of the shell camera 121 may be provided with a wiping mechanism 125, which includes the wiper 123 for wiping the surface 103a of cover glass 103 and the motor 124 to actuate the wiper 123. The wiping mechanism 125 can wipe the surface 103a of cover glass 103 during or after the spraying of wash liquid from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the surface 103a of cover glass 103.

According figa and 38B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 17B, even when provided the heater 301, the casing 132 of the shell 131 of the camera may be equipped with a rotation mechanism 135 includes a sealed bearing 133 and the motor 134 to ensure rotation of the cover glass 103. The rotation mechanism 135 may cause the cover glass 103 to rotate during or after the spraying of wash liquid from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the surface 103a of cover glass 103.

According figa and 39B, a similar configuration is provided figa and 18B, even when provided the heater 301, the casing 142 of shell 141 camera may be provided with a vibration mechanism 145 includes a piezoelectric device 143 and the electrode 144 for generating ultrasonic waves or infrasonic waves, which causes the cover glass 103 to vibrate. The vibration mechanism 145 may cause the cover glass 103 to vibrate during or after the spraying of wash liquid from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the surface 103a of cover glass 103.

According figa and 40B, similarly to the configuration shown figa and 19B, even when provided the heater 301, the housing 152 of the shell 151 of the camera may be equipped with a mechanism 156 creating a stream of air, comprising an air nozzle 153, the tube 154 and the air pump 155 to create a jet of air directed at the surface 103a of cover glass 103. Mechanism 156 creating a jet of air can create a stream of air directed at the surface 103a of cover glass 103, during or after the spraying of wash liquid from the spray hole 11 of the nozzle 9 of the washer on the surface 103a of cover glass 103.

The wiping mechanism 125, explained on figa and 37B, the rotation mechanism 135, explained on figa and 38B, the vibration mechanism 145, explained on figa and 39B, and a mechanism 156 creating a jet of air, p is askinny on figa and 40B, can be adapted for operation in accordance with an operating state of the automotive wiper. The wiping mechanism 125, the rotation mechanism 135, the vibration mechanism 145 and mechanism 156 creating air stream can work during the period of time when the automobile windshield wiper.

Any two or more of the above embodiments can be combined with each other. For example, the pallet 63, explained on figa and 32B, visor 73, explained on figa and 33B, and a wiping mechanism 125, explained on figa and 37B may be provided at the same time.

According figa and 41B, when provided the pallet 63, the heater 302 (medium heat pan in the present invention) may be provided for heating the sump 63. In this approach, you can prevent the freezing of the circulating fluid dripping from the surface 5a of the lens and is then collected in the sump 63. Thus, the flushing liquid collecting in the sump 63, and can easily be discarded. For example, the heater 302 may be performed in a grid of hot wires.

According figa and 42B, when provided the pallet 63, waterproofing treatment can be applied to a contact surface in contact with the washing liquid, allowing the contact surface may be covered with a water-repellent layer 303. Alternatively, the guy who novelization processing can be applied to the contact surface, thanks to the contact surface may be covered with a hydrophilic layer. In this approach, the flush fluid dripping from the surface 5a of the lens and is then collected in the sump 63, and can easily be discarded.

According figa and 43B, when provided the pallet 63, may be provided in the channel 305 for directing wash fluid collected in the sump 63, to the window. In this approach, the flushing liquid collecting in the sump 63 re-used for washing Windows and, thus, is effectively used without waste.

According figa and 44B may be provided in the heater 306 channel (medium heat channel in the present invention) for heating the channel 305. In this approach, you can prevent the freezing of the circulating fluid directed to the channel 305. Thus, the flushing liquid is directed to the channel 305, and can easily be discarded. For example, the heater channel 306 may be performed in a grid of hot wires.

According figa and 45B, when provided channel 305, waterproofing treatment can be applied to a contact surface in contact with the washing liquid, allowing the contact surface may be covered with a water-repellent layer 307. Alternatively, hydrophilization processing can be applied to the contact surface, blah is odara which the contact surface may be covered with a hydrophilic layer. In this approach, the flushing liquid is directed to the channel 305, and can easily be discarded.

According figa and 46B, when there visor 73 extending from the casing 72 and the end surface 5a of the lens from the top, may be a heater 308 visor (medium heat visor in the present invention) for heating visor 73. This approach decreases the likelihood of accumulation of snow and ice on the visor 73. In addition, even when snow and ice accumulate on the canopy 73, accumulated snow and ice can melt and remove to the snow and ice did not interfere with the review of an optical sensor. For example, the heater 308 visor can be performed in a grid of hot wires. The heater 308 visor may be provided on the upper side and the lower side of the visor 73. Alternatively, the heater 308 visor may be provided only on the upper side of the visor 73.

According figa and 47B, when a mechanism 156 creating a jet of air may be provided in the heater 309 air tool air heating in the present invention) for heating the air blown from the area of the tip of the air nozzle 153. Alternatively, according figa and 48B, when a mechanism 156 creating a jet of air may be provided by the heater 310 air nozzle (medium heating means b is of a jet of air in the present invention) for heating air nozzle 153. In this approach, even if the flush fluid premarket to the surface 5a of the lens, washing fluid, primarschule to the surface 5a of the lens can be removed. Note that the heater 309 air and heater 310 air nozzle can be used in conjunction with each other.

According figa and 49B, when the casing 82 of the shell 81 of the chamber is provided with a protrusion 311, which is located at the position directly under the lens 5) near the bottom edge surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3, the protrusion 311 may have a site cleanup 312 held in the up and down directions. In this approach, according pig, is capillary action at the site cleanup 312, due to water accumulating on the bottom surface 5a of the lens and are able to go beneath the surface 5a of the lens through the site cleanup 312 and, thus, removed. Thus, even when water accumulates on the bottom surface 5a of the lens, the part of water flows due to capillary action, so the amount of water accumulated on the bottom surface 5a of the lens, can be reduced (in the case of Fig number decreases from "P1" to "P2").

According figa and 51B protrusion 311 may be provided with a heater 313 ledge (by means of heating the ledge in the present invention). In this approach, you can prevent the freezing of water remaining on the ledge 311.

Soglasnova and 52B casing 82 shell 81 of the camera may be provided with a slot section 314, which is located at the position directly under the lens 5) near the bottom edge surface 5a of the lens 5 of the camera 3. This approach is capillary action on a slit section 314, due to water accumulating on the bottom surface 5a of the lens and are able to go beneath the surface 5a of the lens through a slit section 314 and, thus, removed.

According pig, if it is determined that the image contains mud ("YES" at step S201), the jet washer can realize the operation of the washer within a predetermined period of time (step S203) when any of the following conditions ("YES" at step S202): transmission of the vehicle moves in the reverse position, the ignition switch is moved from a state "off" to "on"state, and the ignition switch was switched from "on" to "off". Thus, the operation of the washer is not performed immediately after the detection of dirt. Since the operation of the washing is carried out while the user is likely sees the image, the flushing liquid can be effectively used.

The area of the image captured by the optical sensor, which is delivered to the user, i.e. displayed on a display device in the vehicle, can be analyzed to determine who will win if the image is dirty, analyzing different area of the image, which is not supplied to the user. Thus, in the case Fig image A1 of the image A captured by the optical sensor corresponds to the lower side of the lens-type "fish eye" 5 and is an area that is delivered to the user, and the image A2 of the image A captured by the optical sensor corresponds to the upper side of the lens-type "fish eye" 5 and is an area that is not supplied to the user. In this case, determination is made whether the dirt image A1 corresponding to the bottom side of the lens-type "fish eye" 5. In this approach, a desired image A1 can be analyzed without additional analysis unnecessary image A2.

It should be noted that the shell side of an optical sensor according to alternate embodiments of the invention can be installed on top of the car window, for example, as shown in figure 3. In this approach, the nozzle (9) washer may perform an operation of washing not only the surface (5a) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or the surface of the glass cover (103) by spraying washing liquid on the surface (5a) of the lens or surface (103a) of the glass, but the window washer by reusing obywatelski fluid flowing from the surface (5a) lenses or with p the surface (103a) of the glass.

Such changes and modifications should be considered as relevant to the scope of the present invention, which is defined by the claims.

1. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a heating means (201, 301), comprising at least one of the optical means and heating means heating the nozzle, and an optical heating means is used to carry out heating operation for heating the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103), a means of heating the nozzle is used to carry out heating operation for heating the nozzle (9) washer and at least one of the optical means and heating means heating the nozzle performs the heating operation, and when to include atrani optical means and heating means heating the nozzle, optical means and heating means heating the nozzle is formed of the same parts and combined into one means of heating.

2. Shell according to claim 1, in which the optical heating means includes an indium oxide-tin (112), which covers the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103).

3. Shell according to claim 1, in which the holder (7) holds the lighting facility (171), and nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer not only for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103) by spraying washing liquid on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) of the glass, but also for washing media coverage (171) by spraying washing fluid on the lighting facility (171).

4. Shell according to claim 3, in which the lighting facility (171) includes an infrared lamp or the lamp visible light.

5. Shell according to claim 1, additionally containing a pallet (63) for collecting washing fluid dripping from the surface (5A) of the lens (5) or surface (103A) glass cover (103)when the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer.

6. Shell according to claim 3, in which the pallet (63) has a contact surface in contact with the washing liquid, and waterproofing treatment or hydro is ilization processing is applied to the contact surface for coating the contact surfaces with a water-repellent layer or hydrophilic layer.

7. Shell according to claim 1, additionally containing visor (73)having a protrusion for covering the top surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103).

8. Shell according to claim 1, in which the nozzle (9) washer is on the side of the holder (7) and performs a rinsing operation for rinsing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass from the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or glass cover (103).

9. Shell according to claim 1, in which the waterproofing treatment, hydrophilization treatment, photocatalytic treatment or antifouling treatment is applied to the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103) to cover the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass water-repellent layer, hydrophilic layer, the photocatalyst layer or the layer that prevents fouling.

10. Shell according to claim 1, additionally containing a protrusion (83, 93, 311)located at the position near the bottom edge surface (5A) of the lens (5).

11. Shell according to claim 1, further containing a means of wiping (125) for the implementation of the OPE the purpose wipe for wiping the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103), and means wiping (125) performs a wiping operation for wiping the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103) during or after the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer.

12. Shell according to claim 1, additionally containing the tool rotation (135) for operations of rotation for rotation of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), and the tool rotation (135) performs a rotation operation to rotate the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), during or after the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer.

13. Shell indicated in paragraph 12, in which the tool rotation (135) performs a rotation operation to rotate the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), provided that the vehicle speed is greater than or equal to a predetermined speed.

14. Shell according to claim 1, additionally containing means (145) ultrasonic vibration to the operation of the ultrasonic vibration to the ultrasonic vibration of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), and means (145) ultrasonic vibration carries out the operation of the ultrasonic vibration to the ultrasonic vibration of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), in or on which onanii of the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer.

15. Shell according to claim 1, additionally containing means (156) create a jet of air for the operation of creating a jet of air for directing a jet of air on the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103), and means (156) create a jet of air performs the operation of creating an air jet for directing a jet of air on the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103), during or after the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer.

16. Shell indicated in paragraph 15, further containing means (309) heated air for heating the air blown from the means (156) create a jet of air.

17. Shell indicated in paragraph 15, further containing means (310) heating means to create a jet of air for heating means (156) create a jet of air.

18. Shell according to claim 1, in which the nozzle (9) washer is in the area outside the angle of view of the optical sensor (3).

19. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5) by spraying washing fluid, coming from a tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, not only for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103) by spraying washing liquid on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) of the glass, but also for washing Windows by spraying washing fluid on the window, with on-Board optical sensor installed over the rear window outside of the car.

20. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, while the shell is made with possibility of installation on top of the window, with a nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer not only for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder(7), or the surface of the glass cover (103) by spraying washing liquid on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) of the glass, but also for washing Windows by reusing obywatelski fluid flowing from the surface (5A) of the lens or from the surface (103A) glass, with on-Board optical sensor is mounted above the rear window outside of the car.

21. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a nozzle (53) washer boxes for operation washer for washing Windows by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, window and nozzle (53) washer box carries out the operation of the washer, with on-Board optical sensor is mounted above the rear window outside of the car.

22. The shell side of the Opti is a mini-sensor, containing the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell contains a pallet (63) for collecting washing fluid dripping from the surface (5A) of the lens (5) or surface (103A) glass cover (103)when the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises means (302) heat pan to heat the pan (63), and means (302) heating the pallet carries out the heating operation.

23. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or the surface is e (103A glass, moreover, the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell contains a pallet (63) for collecting washing fluid dripping from the surface (5A) of the lens (5) or surface (103A) glass cover (103)when the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a channel (305) for directing wash fluid collected in the sump (63), to the window.

24. Shell item 23, further containing means (306) heating channel for a heating channel (305), and means (306) heating channel performs the heating operation.

25. Shell item 23, in which the channel (305) has a contact surface in contact with the washing liquid, and waterproofing treatment or hydrophilization processing is applied to the contact surface for coating the contact surfaces with a water-repellent layer or hydrophilic layer.

26. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens and n is the surface (103A glass, moreover, the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a visor (73)having a protrusion for covering the top surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or surface (103A) glass cover (103), and the shell further comprises means (308) heat shield for heating visor (73), and means (308) heat shield performs the heating operation.

27. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a protrusion (83, 93, 311)located at the position near the bottom edge surface (5A) of the lens (5), the protrusion (83, 93, 311) are able to move in up and down directions.

28. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for Opera and washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3), held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a protrusion (83, 93, 311)located at the position near the bottom edge surface (5A) of the lens (5), the sheath further comprises means (313) heating projection to heat the ledge(83, 93, 311).

29. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a protrusion (83, 93, 311)located at the position near the bottom edge surface (5A) of the lens (5), the protrusion (83, 93, 311) has a site cleanup (312)held in the up and down directions.

30. The shell side of an optical sensor containing the I holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3), with the lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises a slit plot (314)located at the position near the bottom edge surface (5A) of the lens (5).

31. Shell item 30, in which at least one of the means of wiping (125), means of rotation (135), means (145) ultrasonic vibrations, means infrasonic vibration (145) and means (156) create a stream of air carries out the operation within the period of time when the automobile windshield wiper.

32. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or the again (103A) glass, moreover, the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and additionally contains a tool rotation (135) for operations of rotation for rotation of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), and the tool rotation (135) performs a rotation operation to rotate the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), during or after the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, the tool rotation (135) performs a rotation operation to rotate the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), provided that the window near which you installed the shell is closed to the position where the user cannot touch the shell, leaning out of the window.

33. The shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, and the shell further comprises means (15) infrasonic vibration for operations infrasound infrasound vibrations to the vibration of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), and means (145) infrasonic vibration carries out the operation infrasound infrasound vibrations to the vibration of the lens (5) optical sensor (3) or cover (103), during or after the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer.

34. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor according to claim 1, the controller (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer and optical sensor (3)having a lens (5).

35. The device according to clause 34, additionally contain means of detecting contamination of an image for analysis of the image captured by the optical sensor (3)to determine whether the image contains dirt, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer.

36. The device according to clause 34, in which the means of detecting contamination of an image analyzes the first region of the image captured by the optical sensor (3)to determine whether the dirt first region of the image, and does not analyze the second image area, the first area is delivered to the user, and the second area is not supplied to the user.

37. the device according to clause 34, in which, when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer continue washing until the dirt is removed.

38. The device according to clause 34, which, when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer continue washing until the dirt is removed or until the operation of the washer reaches a predetermined state, and when the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer reaches a predetermined state, the controller (14, 31, 205) requires the notifier to implement the operation of the notification.

39. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on top of the awn (5A lenses or surface (103A) glass, moreover, the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, and the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), and detects the position of the transmission to detect the position of the gearbox of the vehicle, and when the detecting position of the gearbox detects that the position of the gearbox of the vehicle is in a predetermined position, the controller (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer.

40. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, and the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), a means of detecting early activation of the vehicle on which the detection of the beginning of the activation of the vehicle, moreover, when the vehicle start detection activation of the vehicle detects the start of activation of the vehicle, the controller (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer.

41. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), a means of detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle to detect the end of the activation of the vehicle, and, when detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle detects the completion of the activation of the vehicle, the controller (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer.

42. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side is pricescope sensor, containing the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, and the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), a means of detecting contamination of an image for analysis of the image captured by the optical sensor (3)to determine whether the image contains dirt, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to perform the operation washer, where the device further comprises at least one of the detection position of the transmission to detect the position of the gearbox of the vehicle, detection of the beginning of the activation of the vehicle to detect the beginning of the activation of the vehicle and means of detecting the end of the act and the purpose of the vehicle to detect the end of the activation of the vehicle, moreover, when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer under the condition that the detecting position of the gearbox detects that the position of the gearbox of the vehicle is in a predetermined position, detecting the beginning of the activation of the vehicle detects the start of activation of the vehicle or a means of detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle detects the completion of the activation of the car.

43. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, and the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), with adsto detect contamination of the image for image analysis, captured by the optical sensor (3)to determine whether the image contains dirt, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer continue washing until no dirt will be removed, and the device further comprises at least one of the detection position of the transmission to detect the position of the gearbox of the vehicle, detection of the beginning of the activation of the vehicle to detect the beginning of the activation of the vehicle and means of detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle to detect the end of the activation of the vehicle, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer continue washing until the dirt is removed, provided that a means of detecting the position of the transmission detects that ice transmission of the vehicle is in a predetermined position, a means of detecting early activation of the vehicle detects the start of activation of the vehicle or a means of detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle detects the completion of the activation of the vehicle, the controller (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer.

44. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5 a) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) lenses or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, and the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), a means of detecting contamination of an image for analysis of the image captured by the optical sensor (3)to determine whether the image contains dirt, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, cf is the rotary control 14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer to implement the operation of the washer, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer continue washing until the dirt is removed or until the operation of the washer reaches a predetermined state, and when the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer reaches a predetermined state, the controller (14, 31, 205) requires the notifier to implement the operation of the notification, the device further comprises at least one of the detection position of the transmission to detect the position of the gearbox of the vehicle, detection of the beginning of the activation of the vehicle to detect the beginning of the activation of the vehicle and means of detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle to detect the end of the activation of the vehicle, and when the detecting contamination of an image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains dirt, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the nozzle (9) washer continue washing until the dirt is removed or until the operation of the washer reaches a predetermined comprising the Oia, provided that detects the position of the transmission detects that the position of the gearbox of the vehicle is in a predetermined position, detecting the beginning of the activation of the vehicle detects the start of activation of the vehicle or a means of detecting the end of the activation of the vehicle detects the completion of the activation of the vehicle, and when the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer reaches a predetermined state, the controller (14, 31, 205) requires the notifier to implement the operation of the notification.

45. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), means (203) temperature measurement environment is s for measuring the ambient temperature, moreover, when the temperature measured by means (203) measuring the ambient temperature, is less than the predetermined temperature, the controller (14, 31, 205) instructs the optical medium heat continue heating until the temperature measured by means (203) measuring the ambient temperature will not be greater than or equal to a predetermined temperature.

46. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, optical sensor (3)having a lens (5) means (204) temperature measurement sensor for measuring the temperature of the optical sensor (3), and, when the temperature measured by means (204) temperature measurement sensor is less than a predetermined temperature is, management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the optical medium heat continue heating until the temperature measured by means (204) temperature measurement sensor becomes greater than or equal to a predetermined temperature.

47. Device on-Board optical sensor containing the shell side of an optical sensor contains the holder (7) to hold the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5)and the nozzle (9) washer for operation washer for washing the surface (5A) of the lens (5) optical sensor (3)held in the holder (7), or surface (103A) glass cover (103)facing the lens (5), by spraying washing fluid coming from the tank (15) washer, on the surface (5A) of the lens or surface (103A) glass, and the nozzle (9) washer carries out the operation of the washer, the management tool (14, 31, 205) for controlling the operation of the washer nozzle (9) washer, and the optical sensor (3)having a lens (5), the detection tool darken an image for analysis of the image captured by the optical sensor (3)to determine whether the image contains a fog, and when the detection tool hazy image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains the fog, the management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the optical is redtwo heating to carry out the heating operation.

48. The device according to p, in which, when a detection tool hazy image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains the fog, the management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the optical medium heat continue heating until the fog will not be deleted.

49. The device according to p, in which, when a detection tool hazy image detects that the image captured by the optical sensor (3), contains the fog, the management tool (14, 31, 205) instructs the optical medium heat continue heating until the fog is removed or until the heating operation reaches a predetermined state, and when the operation of the optical heating means heating reaches a predetermined state, the controller (14, 31, 205) requires the notifier to implement the operation of the notice.



 

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FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Transport facility comprises receptacle made from foamed material to accommodate electric/electronic control hardware. Said receptacle comprises bottom and closing top. Control devices are rigidly retained between said bottom and top. Crosswise stepped bank is arranged behind back seat to support said receptacle. Receptacle supports luggage rack extending forward to be closed together with receptacle, by sheet.

EFFECT: improved arrangement of electronic hardware.

9 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive electronic equipment to be used in onboard local data computer network. Proposed system comprises electronic unit 1 with outputs connected to inputs of digital display 2 and loudspeaker 3. Miniature rear-view video camera 3 is fitted on car rear glass, first and second miniature side video cameras 5 and 6 are arranged on side glasses, miniature front-view video camera 7 is fitted on windshield. There are switching unit 8 and digital data unit 9 arranged in protected case. Outputs of first and second side video cameras 5 and 6 and those of miniature front-view video camera 7 are connected to appropriate inputs of unit 9. Output of miniature rear-view video camera 4 is connected to input of switching unit 8. First output of switching unit 8 is connected to input of unit 9 while second output is connected to input of unit 1. Control input is connected to output of car reverse gear IN pickup.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to system and method of controlling current supply and to electronic control unit. Proposed system comprises interrupter switch, operating element and electronic control unit. Interrupter allows keeping vehicle electric current source connected with or disconnected from vehicle electric components. Control unit keeps interrupter in ON state. Proposed method consists in using electronic control unit to activate retention function. Said function is activated with running drive engine, when vehicle speed exceeds preset value and emergent stop function is not activated. Electronic control unit comprises actuators, memory and data storage carrier.

EFFECT: ruled out erroneous switching on of electric power supply.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to car thin-sheet panels. Proposed panel comprises bearing frame elements and body forming thin-sheet panels coated with antivibration flat-sheet laminar layers arranged in zones of antinodal lower resonance oscillations of body panels. Said coat is applied on, at least, one perforated section of surface of, at least, one body panel. Perforated panel through holes feature either round or out-of-round shape. Aforesaid antivibration flat-sheet laminar layer covers completely body panel perforation to produced appropriate laminar tight composite structure.

EFFECT: higher antivibration properties, decreased weight and costs.

7 cl, 23 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has means of determining whether a vehicle driver has taken a first measure, said first measure being a measure to brake the vehicle or a measure to chose positive torque of the engine which counteracts said first measure. Also, the apparatus has means of determining a first moment in time when said measure ends, means of determining a second moment in time when the driver takes a measure counteracting said ended measure, means for receiving at least one value of a standard parameter representing the ambient environment of the vehicle, or at least one value of a parameter from at least one internal sensor of the vehicle, through which the value of the standard parameter representing the ambient environment of the vehicle can be determined, and means of comparing a value, which is the difference between said second moment in time and said first moment in time, with the value of the standard parameter and determining, based on said comparison, the value of a parameter representing the foresight capacity of the driver.

EFFECT: estimation of the foresight capacity of a vehicle driver in a road traffic situation.

14 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive ignition systems. Proposed system comprises control element, hand-operated actuator and electronic control unit designed to activate retention function. Control element may switch between OFF position whereat said element retains ignition in OFF position and ON position whereat said element retains ignition in ON state. Control unit keeps control element ON with retention function activated by supplying electric current to control element to prevent switching the latter from ON into OFF state. Method of ignition control consists in control unit activation function is activated under preset conditions to keep control element ON, thus preventing prevent switching the latter from ON into OFF state. Control unit keeps control element ON with retention function activated by supplying electric current to control element. Electronic control unit comprises actuator and machine-readable data carrier connected with actuator. Machine-readable data carrier comprises program to control ignition.

EFFECT: preventing manual switching off of ignition in certain conditions.

24 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive protective devices. Proposed device comprises holder-type protective elements. The latter are rigidly secured to car body at its front or rear for that pusher bent-off ends make additional front or rear bumper at distance ℓa≥ℓ from front or rear standard bumpers, respectively. Pusher bent-off end is provided, for attachment purposes, with ledge on one side and, on opposite side, strap is secured to make slot. Pusher bent-off end ledge enters aforesaid slot on adjacent holder-type device with zero or minor clearance. Proposed method consists in placing package on base. Said package is preassembled, crimp-in-crimp, from tapes. Parts of pusher with cover fitted thereon are placed on said base. Another identical package is placed on the pusher. Holder-type protective device case is mounted thereon. Said case is pressed against said base for it to be riveted and welded in place. Front and rear covers are mounted in place and welded to said case and said base. In fitting pusher parts in place, spacer inserts are mounted between and flush with them. Rigid thrusts are arranged on pusher end faces without clearances to retain said parts and inserts in creating interference on package crimp crests. Aforesaid inserts are removed from proposed device via provisional openings.

EFFECT: higher safety.

21 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to bumpers. Proposed device comprises bumper beam, bumper, girder body, corrugated packages made up of corrugated strips. Bands and means to fasten bumper to vehicle body are fitted between said packages. Said fastening means is made up of clips welded to bumper to pass through holes in girder body top and bottom walls. Dampers of lateral impacts are secured on girder body ends, not side-load type. Said dampers occupy not only straight ends of girder body but end round-nose sections. Damper end flanges are cut through such width that distance from damper body to vehicle body surface equals or exceeds distance L between girder body end bent toward vehicle side and vehicle body surface. Said damper comprises elasto-hysteretic element, parts to lock the latter and fasteners.

EFFECT: better operating performances, ease of production and lower costs.

7 cl, 13 dwg

Protective shim // 2446964

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protective shim 3 and its application for protecting vehicle door. Protective shim may protect surfaces, including element extending from said surfaces as well as edges of surface adjoining said shim. Said shim comprises only one adhesive part extends beyond said part in, at least, two directions parallel therewith the shim and not opposed. Thus, protective shim may be used for protection of vehicle door 2 comprising side strip 5 and door edges.

EFFECT: simplified fitting in place.

13 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrially produced article, namely, to automotive body cabin part, in particular, truck body floor or wall, and to method of its production. Proposed article comprises first and second plates (11, 11') and (12, 12'), respectively, partially overlapped and jointed together in zone (13'). First plate features U-shape section (14') in said zone (13') to make box structure in interaction with second plate. Second plate (12') has also similar U-shape section (20). Note here that second plate U-shape section features the width of the first similar section of the first plate and is jointed with opposite concave camber in zone (13'), exactly above U-shape section of the first plate, for form box structure.

EFFECT: higher structural strength.

9 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; car protective devices.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device aimed at protecting cars in case of collisions, and it can used in form and rear bumpers of cars, microbuses and other vehicles. Buffer is divided into central and side sections, the latter being turned backwards at preset angle, and it includes bumper and energy-absorbing devices connected to bumper and arranged uniformly lengthwise at a distance from each other. Two central energy-absorbing devices of buffer, being mirror reflection of each other, are installed adjoining each other. Each energy-absorbing device includes definite number of adjoining energy-absorbing members, each being mirror reflection of adjacent one, is made integral from cut of round metal rod and it includes base, jumper and brace, all arranged in relatively perpendicular planes. Bases of energy-absorbing members are connected to outer surface of bumper, jumpers of energy-absorbing members are arranged coaxially for interaction with outer surface of bumper. Bases and braces and braces of energy-absorbing members are arranged horizontally, and jumpers, vertically. Each energy-absorbing device is provided with leaf springs and movable base plate, braces of all energy-absorbing devices of left-hand and, accordingly, right-hand halves of buffer are pointed to different sides at preset angle in directions from middle to edges of bumper. Buffer includes outer sheath provided with metal strip sections connected to its inner surface which guarantees regulated destruction of sheath in preset places. Invention provides protection at high energy-absorbing capacity and stability of shock-absorbing characteristics of car at collision with obstacle or other car.

EFFECT: improved protection of cars.

3 cl, 9 dwg

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