Energy-efficient device to recycle rain and melted drains from roofs of buildings in urbanised territories
SUBSTANCE: device comprises rain gutters (2), water intake funnels (3), drain pipes (4), a storm water outfall (7), filtering wells (16) and a subsurface accumulating reservoir (18). Drain pipes (4) are equipped with discharge parts with mini-hydroturbines (6). Power generated by mini-hydroturbines is sent to accumulator batteries. The storm water outfall is arranged below the level of the earth surface and is an extension of discharge parts of drain pipes. The filtering material is an ash and slag sorbent.
EFFECT: design will make it possible to prevent gradual damage of building basement and foundation elements due to availability of a subsurface storm water outfall.
4 cl, 2 dwg
The invention relates to septic tanks, stormwater, water supply and other devices designed to exhaust or intake rainwater, and can be applied in communities to reduce the inflow of storm water from urban areas in the underground sewers storm sewers. Disposal of the collected rainwater is accompanied by the production of electricity directed to the production of oxidant-bactericide is sodium hypochlorite (NaClO). Collected and purified effluent is used for sprinkler systems, irrigation and other household-level requirements for water quality. The use of such devices, in addition, prevents the gradual destruction of the basement and Foundation of buildings located in urban areas.
Known network of storm water drainage and meltwater, which is an element of a complete separate Sewerage system, consisting of water wells, drainage pipes and water treatment plant surface runoff (Yakovlev S.V., ravens J.V. Sewerage and wastewater treatment / Textbook for universities: - M: ASV, 2002, p.17, 1.5, b).
This network collects and cleaning of storm water and snowmelt runoff, dumping it in the water, but does not provide its operational use in economic the e needs excluding savings of potable water, which is largely used for irrigation and other economic needs.
The closest technical solution is the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2347039. "Device removal and disposal of storm and snowmelt runoff", bull. No. 5, published. 20.02.2009,
This device reduces the flow of surface runoff from residential areas in underground sewers storm sewer, produces clear and allows the use of a drain on economic needs. However, this invention is not intended to collect and dispose of runoff directly from the roofs of buildings, does not provide the efficiency of utilization of the flow and the production of additional products due to the received power.
The technical result achieved by the present invention, is:
collection and efficient utilization of harvested rainwater and snowmelt runoff from the roofs of buildings in urban areas, accompanied by the production of electricity sent, in the future, for the production of oxidant-bactericide is sodium hypochlorite (NaClO); the possible use of the collected and purified flow to sprinkler systems, irrigation and other household needs, with high demands to the quality of water and prevent gradual destruction of elements of the cap is the Foundation of the buildings due to the presence of underground Lunetta, which is a continuation of the pressure parts of the drainage pipes.
This technical result is achieved by the fact that energy efficient device utilization of rainwater and snowmelt runoff from the roofs of buildings in urban areas (hereinafter "Device") is made of the drainage gutters, water intake funnels, drainage pipes with pressure parts, equipped with mini-turbines, underground Lunetta, batteries, building production of sodium hypochlorite, filter wells and underground tank.
Figure 1 - the "Device" (General view), figure 2 - the "Device" (in the plan).
The proposed Device consists of: drainage gutters (2), water intake funnels (3), drainage pipe (4) with pressure parts (5), mini hydro (6), underground lunette (7), electrical wires (8) and (11), rechargeable battery (9)placed in the casing (10), the building of the production of sodium hypochlorite (12), equipped with a ventilation device (13), the electrolyzer low-power (14) and the working tank (15), filter wells (16), filled with ash sorbent (17), an underground storage tank (18)with hatch access (19).
The device operates as follows. Runoff from roof (1) flows into a drainage trough (2), which enters the intake funnel (3) and later in videotwo Asia pipe (4) with pressure parts (5), equipped with a mini-turbines (6). The electric current produced by the mini-turbines, flows through the electric wire (8) rechargeable battery (9)placed in the casing (10). From batteries electric current through the electric wire (11) is served in the building of the sodium hypochlorite production, equipped with a ventilation device (13), the electrolyzer low-power (14) and the working tank (15). The resulting electrolysis oxidant-bactericide can be used to improve water quality in the underground storage tank (18) and for other household needs. Then the runoff is collected in an underground lineatum (7), which is a continuation of pressure parts (5) drainage pipe (4), thereby preventing the gradual destruction of the basement and Foundation of buildings direct flows. Further underground lunette (7), the flow enters the filter wells (16), filled with ash sorbent (17). Filtered in the sorbent water enters underground storage tank (18)with hatch access (19).
The consequence of this scheme of work Devices is the efficient utilization of rainwater and snowmelt runoff from the roofs of buildings, generation of electricity, used for the production of oxidant-bactericide is sodium hypochlorite, the use of purged the CSO flow from the storage tank for fire extinguishing, irrigation and other household needs, with high demands to the quality of water and prevent gradual destruction of the elements of the basement and Foundation of buildings.
1. Energy efficient device utilization of rainwater and snowmelt runoff from the roofs of buildings in urban areas, including drainage gutters, rainwater, drainage pipes, lineated, filter wells, underground storage tank, characterized in that the discharge pipe is equipped with pressure parts, equipped with mini-turbines.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the generated mini-hydro power is fed into the battery.
3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that lineated made below the surface of the earth and is a continuation of the pressure parts of the drainage pipes.
4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the filter material is saleslady sorbent.
SUBSTANCE: system comprises a toilet, a vacuum sewage pipeline connected to a toilet, a discharge valve, the first pump accessory, the second pump accessory. In the vacuum sewage pipeline there is a linear separation device. The vacuum sewage pipeline is connected to the toilet. The discharge valve is installed between the toilet and the vacuum sewage pipeline. The discharge valve is made as capable of opening in process of toilet usage. The first pump accessory and the second pump accessory are connected in parallel with the linear separation device. The linear separation device has a vacuum level between the specified high level and the specified low level. The first pump accessory is arranged as capable of removing air, and the second pump accessory is arranged as capable of pumping, mainly, sewage from a waste water flow leaking into the linear separation device. The vacuum sewage system comprises a pressure gauge. The pressure gauge is connected to the vacuum sewage pipeline. The method includes application of a vacuum sewage system.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of waste water transportation.
14 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: reservoir comprises at least two longitudinal chambers arranged at a distance from each other. The longitudinal chambers by means of at least one, preferably two, connecting couplings arranged perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the longitudinal chambers are connected to each other. The plastic reservoir is made as a horizontal reservoir, and the inbuilt reservoir bottom passes along the longitudinal direction of the longitudinal chambers. A plastic reservoir is described, which consists of two halves of the first small plastic reservoir divisible in the transverse direction. Both halves due to additionally inserted sections of the longitudinal chambers are increased to the second larger plastic reservoir.
EFFECT: simplified production of a large capacity reservoir.
9 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system of sewage comprises receiving 1 and collecting reservoir 2, siphons 3, units of gas discharge with vacuum pumps 5 in vacuum columns arranged in upper parts of siphons. System includes at least two siphons connected to one receiving reservoir and one collecting reservoir, each siphon is equipped with a separate vacuum pump.
EFFECT: invention provides for control of liquid level in receiving chambers.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: device for waste disposal includes sewage system, garbage pressing network, pumping up, and magistral stations, made with the possibility of filing and disposal of debris under excessive pressure. The garbage pressing network station comprises a garbage crusher, fluid supply device and a pressure machine. The garbage pressing network station is connected to sewage pipeline with garbage pressing booster station, which in turn is connected by magistral sewage pipeline with garbage pressing magistral station connected by magistral pipeline with a garbage disposal site.
EFFECT: invention enables to improve environmental and sanitary-epidemiological efficacy at garbage disposal and recycling.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the sphere of sanitaryware equipment. System of adaptation of material pneumatic transportation mode comprises at least one first reservoir, which is connected to source of the first pressure, at least one second reservoir, which is connected to source of the second pressure. Also system includes connection line for transportation of material from the first reservoir into the second reservoir, pressure reduction gear, with the help of which difference may be controlled between pressure in the first reservoir and pressure in the second reservoir, and compressor between source of the second pressure and the second reservoir for development of negative pressure in the second reservoir. Method for adaptation of material pneumatic transportation mode comprises the following stages: connection of at least one first reservoir to source of the first pressure, connection of at least one second reservoir to the source of the second pressure, transportation of material from the first reservoir to the second reservoir. Also pressure reduction gear is controlled to change the difference between the pressure in the first reservoir and pressure in the second reservoir and reduction of pressure in the second reservoir with the help of compressor in case when difference between the first pressure and the second pressure is not sufficient for material transportation.
EFFECT: higher efficiency; reduction of noise.
36 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to oil-refining and oil-producing industry, namely to drain recovery and flooding systems and keeping of formation pressure in oil-field development. The method involves oil production from various beds, keeping of formation pressure by injection of refinery mineralised water as a working substance in the beds. According to the invention, there is specified a group of injection wells striking the beds with the delivery chinks which have opened layers, containing local water of various physical and chemical properties and various reservoir features. Before injection of the working substance, physical and chemical properties of the working substance and local water are checked. Potential sediment formation is estimated and, as the case may be, the working substance flow is directed to the bed with minimum permissible sediment formation. In flow variation, the working substance is drained in the bed - an interlayer with high reservoir features. The device - system comprises the producing wells having struck the various beds, water conduits, pumps, a water source for injection in the bed for keeping of formation pressure, the injection wells having struck the beds containing local water with various physical and chemical properties and various reservoir features combined in a group with a general water conduit collector connected to a water drainage line for refinery discharge. According to the invention, the water conduit collector is provided with an analysis block of physical and chemical characteristics of the working substance, and the water conduits have flow switches. Said analysis block of physical and chemical characteristics of the working substance and switches are functionally interconnected through a computing and managing unit - controller for comparing physical and chemical characteristics of the working substance and local waters.
EFFECT: lower injectability loss of payout beds, and enabled recovery of refinery mineralized water drain.
2 cl, 2 tbl, 1 dwg
FIELD: packing industry.
SUBSTANCE: method for storage of water, in which at least one flexible reservoir is retained for storage of sea water mass inside in submerged condition. Surface inlet device is created, which is connected with the possibility of liquid passage with flexible storage reservoir, and surface outlet device is created, which is connected with the possibility of liquid passage to flexible storage reservoir, for release of stored water. At the same time outlet device differs from inlet device. Valve is used in each inlet device and outlet device so that in process of reservoir or each storage reservoir filling, inlet valve is opened, and outlet valve is closed. At the same time in process of reservoir or each storage reservoir emptying, inlet valve is closed, and outlet valve is opened, and in process of water filling, head pressure from surface reservoir is used for forced injection of water into reservoir or each storage reservoir.
EFFECT: energy saving in process of water release from reservoir.
27 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: gutter with gutter shell comprises drain area, which is open on top and is arranged in longitudinal direction, and sides for gutter shell installation, which pass on both sides of drain area along gutter. Besides gutter shell has at least two rigid bearing elements, which pass along gutter, and transverse elements, which pass between bearing elements across gutter and are tightly joined to specified bearing elements. At the same time transverse elements on support side of gutter shell protrude beyond edges of bearing elements with arrangement of support sections for installation of shell gutter on sides. Gutter shell comprises drain area, which is open on top and is arranged in longitudinal direction, and sides for gutter shell installation, which pass on both sides of drain area along specified gutter. Besides specified gutter shell includes at least two rigid bearing elements, which are arranged along gutter, and transverse elements, which pass between bearing elements across gutter and are tightly joined to specified bearing elements.
EFFECT: improved strength of device.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic engineering construction.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to water supply and sewerage. The well consists of at least one inlet branch located in the lower part of the well, and of at least one branch communicated with the connecting unit; the connecting unit consists of a connecting branch and a connecting element. Also the connecting branch and/or connecting element are made to turn relative to one another. The well has the first curved internal packing surface and the second curved internal connecting surface. Curved packing surfaces are more flat, than spherical surface, so radius of curve of each curved packing surface exceeds distance of each point of packing surface from its central axis.
EFFECT: simplicity and reliability of design.
6 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of sanitary engineering. Unit of filtration made of plastic, comprises body in the form of substantially rectangular parallelepiped having pairs of opposite first, second and third external surfaces, passing through unit of filtration at least one inspection channel with holes arranged at opposite third external surfaces of filtration unit. At the same time area of each hole in inspection channel makes at least 10% of third external surface area, in which it is provided. Method for manufacturing of undetachable element of filtration unit, in which form is used, comprising one or more rods, which create at least one section of inspection channel of filtration unit element, multiple rods, creating mentioned channels, passing parallel to channels, passing between each first external surface and one or several inspection channels of filtration unit element, and between each second external surface and one or several inspection channels of filtration unit element.
EFFECT: invention provides for device simplicity and reliability.
22 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.
SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.
FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.
SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.
EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.
2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.
EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.
12 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: control of WC flushing valves.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method of control of WC flushing valve in vacuum collector system includes opening and closing of flushing valve by means of control unit at rate ensuring opening and closing time of 0.25 and 0.4 s respectively. Device for control of WC flushing valve includes at least three working valves. Device and flushing valve are actuated by vacuum created in collector system. Said working valves may return to initial position by means of common piston-type rod made in form of cam which is actuated in its turn by piston in cylindrical chamber. First valve actuated by starting unit brings cylindrical chamber in communication with vacuum source in second valve actuated by cam which brings vacuum source in collector system in communication with drive unit of flushing valve and third valve brings flushing ring or similar unit with water source through pipes and passages.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: water protection, particularly for prevention of water basin contamination with surface water received from agricultural lands.
SUBSTANCE: modular device comprises vertical partitions, which divide thereof into receiving, overflow and sediment chambers. Device includes several identical sections provided with partition chamber, clean water chamber, oil and floating rubbish gathering chamber and has filtering dam installed in intake channel bed.
EFFECT: simplified structure, increased cleaning efficiency.
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet system.
SUBSTANCE: toilet system comprises lavatory pan, flushing device to supply flushing water, line connected to the lavatory pan and to sewage pipeline, means to convey pumped-out mass from lavatory pan to the line and sewage pipeline. The means comprise two valves and pressure chamber arranged in-between, wherein the valves and pressure chamber are arranged in line. Reduced pressure is created in pressure chamber to force the mass from lavatory pan and pressure inside pressure chamber is increased to convey the mass to sewage pipeline. Pressure chamber is made as piston cylinder and includes piston connected to drive means. The drive means move the piston to reduce or increase pressure inside the pressure chamber. The system also has electric control means to control the drive means and above valves so that when the mass is forced out of the pressure chamber the piston movement is performed along with bringing both valves in closed state to create reduced pressure inside the chamber. After that the first valve is rapidly opened to provide the mass inflow from lavatory pan into pressure chamber.
EFFECT: reduced water consumption, increased operational reliability and service life.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water, particularly to connect sewage pipes and odor seals.
SUBSTANCE: sewage pipe connector comprises inlet tubular part connected to the pipe and arranged upstream from the pipe to create inlet sewage water channel, outlet tubular part connected to the pipe and located downstream from it to create outlet sewage water channel and suppression part defining connection sewage water channel to create sewage water flow from inlet sewage water channel to outlet sewage water passage. The connector also has dividing tubular part, which forms dividing channel extending upwards from suppression section of the suppression part and dividing sewage water channel in upward direction at suppression section. Inlet and outlet tubular parts are located one opposite another and are coaxial one to another. Sewage water channel defined by suppression section is below the lowest part of adjacent sewage water channels. The connector additionally has dividing pipe connected to front end of dividing tubular part to enlarge the dividing channel in upward direction and lid detachably attached to the front end of dividing pipe for dividing channel sealing.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of odor suppression and prevention of outside odor spreading, possibility to regulate dividing channel height to compensate different depth of pipe laying.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: water supply and sewage systems, particularly for residential, public and industrial buildings.
SUBSTANCE: sewage system in accordance with the first embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal and at least one sewage water receiver provided with discharge pipeline. The system also has accumulation vessel arranged over lavatory pan and/or urinal and communicated with the discharge pipeline of at least one sewage water receiver. Lower part of accumulation vessel has at least one outlet pipeline to communicate accumulation vessel with lavatory pan and/or urinal. If sewage water receiver connected with discharge pipeline and accumulation vessel is in room located on one level with room in which lavatory pan and/or urinal is installed fore accumulation vessel is arranged in discharge line of above sewage water receiver. The fore accumulation vessel interior is communicated with sewage water receiver and provided with exhaust pump having inlet connected with lower part of fore accumulation vessel interior and outlet linked with main accumulation vessel interior. Sewage system in accordance with the second embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal with flushing tank provided with inlet valve arranged in upper part of flushing tank interior and connected to water supply system. Sewage system has at least one sewage water receiver provided with drainage pipeline and arranged in room, which is in one level with room having lavatory pan and/or urinal. The system is provided with accumulation vessel comprising exhaust pump having interior connected with drainage pipeline of at least one waste water receiver. Jet pump nozzle communicates with outlet part of inlet flushing tank valve. Mixing chamber communicates with lower part of accumulation vessel interior. Outlet part is connected with flushing tank interior.
EFFECT: possibility of household, industrial and atmospheric sewage water recycling and use for flushing lavatory pans and, as a result, reduced water consumption.
24 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: sewage systems, particularly waste water cleaning systems.
SUBSTANCE: object (independent) sewage systems include mechanical cleaning device (cesspools) and biological cleaning devices (filters, filtration fields). Filtering devices of adjacent zones are hydraulically united in single filtering device to increase discharge volume and smooth discharge irregularity due to possibility to receive peak discharge volume from different objects in different time and due to increased filtration field area at the moment of waste water discharge from one object because of all filtering devices connection in single filtering device. Some zones may contain no filtering devices and waste water therefrom is supplied into adjacent zones.
EFFECT: possibility to smooth discharge irregularity and increased system capacity, decreased sanitary zones of filtering devices and, as a result, increased building density.
12 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet systems used in residential buildings and vehicles, namely in railroad cars, airplanes or buses.
SUBSTANCE: vacuum toilet system comprises lavatory pan, water flushing system, control unit and control button, accumulation tank with pressure and temperature sensors, with liquid level indicator and with heater electrically linked to control unit. System also has vacuum pump and conveyance pipelines. Vacuum pump has heater, at least one environment pressure sensor, conveyance pipeline and accumulation tank pressure sensor, environment temperature sensor, rotor blade temperature sensor and oil level indicating device electrically linked with control unit.
EFFECT: increased economical efficiency, reliability and service life.
2 cl, 1 dwg