Electrodynamic propelling agent

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric engineering, to electric energy and power plants, in particular, and may be used as a drive for all types of transport - land, water, air and space transportation and etc. The proposed propelling agent includes electron discharge device (1), filled with operating substance and electric arc electrodes (2, 3), control (4), operating (6) and polarising (8) electrodes. The induction coil is comprised of windings - primary (11), current (12) and electric arc (13) and core piece (14) having an armature (15) located in the clearance and connected with current coil (12) through three position switch (16). The ends of primary winding (17) are connected with polarising electrodes (8) and with the middle point (18) through sequential circuits of resonance capacitors (9) and with the middle point which is coupled with a cathode (3) and grounded. The electric arc coil (13) is linked with electric arc electrodes (2, 3) through voltage transducer (20) with its input having connections with a.c. power source (22). The control (4) and operating (6) electrodes are coupled with series circuits of resonance capacitors (9) with antiphase polarising (8) electrodes.

EFFECT: increased power, and reliability of electrodynamic propelling agent operation, as well as high reaction to operation control and transport control.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to electrical power and power installations vehicles and can be used on land, water, air, space, and other modes of transport.

Known mobile vehicle with electric traction (Vasin V.M. electric drive. M., High school, 1984. - P.6-11)running on electricity chemical batteries, solar panel, which converts electrical energy by an electric motor during the rotation of the wheels, blades, screws, screws and other Disadvantages of such vehicles: low power, energy losses in the electric motor for rotating mechanical parts.

Known electrodynamic propulsion (patent RU 2013229, B60L 11/00)containing the AC source, the inductor in parallel with tires, tightly bonded with him the anchor of the tires perpendicular to the tire inductor and connected to the AC power source. The essence of it lies in the fact that the electric power of the AC source is converted directly to the driving of the transport apparatus traction, resulting in the anchor, the interaction of the electric current of the armature from the magnetic component of the displacement current generated by the inductor. Anchor rigidly mounted on the transport device moves the vehicle in the direction of traction. Foundations is the second disadvantage of this thruster - more loss of power on the wave resistance of the medium between the tires of the inductor, so the efficiency and traction small.

The closest physical entity is electrodynamic propulsion (patent RU 2270513, NC 51/00)containing electron device filled with a working substance located therein pairs of electrodes of an electric arc orthogonal to the electric field and polarizable electrodes, and an inductor consisting of a magnetic core with a gap, which houses the anchor, and the windings of the primary inductor, the current and the electric arc, and the winding current of the inductor is connected to anchor the ends of the primary winding of the inductor is connected with a polarizable electrodes electrovacuum device and through a capacitor to the middle point of this winding, which is connected to the cathode of an electric arc and grounded, and the taps of the primary winding of the inductor is connected to the electrodes orthogonal electric field polarized in opposite phase electrodes, the winding of the electric arc of the inductor is connected to the electrodes of an electric arc through the voltage Converter, the input of which is connected to the external AC power source.

The disadvantages of this thruster are relatively small capacity, of the order of 1 kVA, because it is impossible to create tension orthogonal elec the historical field in 3-5 times greater than the field strength of the electric arc, the arc moves to the electrodes orthogonal to the electric field. They are destroyed by high temperature in an electric arc, and electrodynamic propulsion loses efficiency. Hence the low reliability of the propulsion device and the duration of the regulatory modes of propulsion. In the prototype regulation modes are controlled by changing the voltage on the electrodes orthogonal electric field taken with symmetrical bends relative to the grounded midpoint of the primary winding of the inductor. For the technical implementation should be done paired bushings in the inductor. Such a high voltage (>1000 V) and feed them to the electrodes orthogonal fields significantly reduces the dielectric strength of the inductor and reliability of propulsion in General. The switch in the circuit of the winding current interrupts the electric current of the armature and consequently the traction propulsion. To change the direction of traction, it is necessary to change the direction of the electric current in the armature. In the prototype this is done by changing the connection of the ends of the winding current to the anchor, which takes some time.

The objective of the proposed electrodynamic propulsion is increasing capacity, improving the reliability of propulsion and efficiency to regulate the modes of operation and control of a vehicle.

The task is solved by the fact that the electrodynamic propulsion containing electron device filled with a working substance, located in the instrument pairs of electrodes of an electric arc, a pair of control electrodes orthogonal electric field and a pair of polarizable electrodes, and an inductor consisting of a magnetic core with a gap, which houses the anchor, and the windings of the primary inductor, the current and the electric arc, and the winding current of the inductor is connected to the anchor, the ends of the primary winding of the inductor is connected with a polarizable electrodes electrovacuum device and through a capacitor to the middle point of this winding, which is connected to the cathode of the electric arc, and grounded winding electric arc inductor connected to the electrodes of an electric arc through the voltage Converter, the input of which is connected to the external AC power source, advanced propulsion introduced a pair of working electrodes orthogonal electric field installed before polarizable electrodes electrovacuum device, two chains of series-connected resonant capacitors connected between the ends of the primary winding of the inductor and its mid-point, and three-position switch connecting the anchor with the current coil of the inductor, and the control electr the water and working electrodes orthogonal electric fields are connected with the circuits of the resonant capacitors are polarized in opposite phase electrodes.

The figure shows a diagram of the implementation of the traction electrodynamic propulsion.

Electrodynamic propulsion consists of electrovacuum device 1, is filled with refrigerant inside the unit is a pair of electrodes of an electric arc anode 2 and cathode 3, a pair of control electrodes orthogonal electric field 4 with an opening 5, a pair of working electrodes orthogonal electric field 6 with an opening 7 and a pair of polarizable electrodes 8 connected to the cathode 3 through the serial circuit of the resonant capacitor 9, the inductor 10, consisting of the primary windings 11, display 12, and an electric arc 13, and the magnetic core 14, the gap of which is the anchor 15 which is connected through a three-position switch 16 with a current winding 12, the ends of the primary winding 17 is connected with the polarizable electrodes 8 and through a series circuit resonant capacitor 9 is connected to the middle point of this winding 18 which is connected to the cathode 3 and grounded 19, winding of an electric arc 13 is connected to the anode 2 and the cathode 3 of the electric arc through a controlled voltage Converter 20, to the input of which is connected through a switch 21 to the external AC power source 22, and the control electrodes 4 and the working electrode 6 orthogonal electric field connected with posledovatelbnicami resonant capacitor 9 antiphase polarizable electrodes 8.

The scheme works as follows. The switch 21 is connected to the circuit source 22 of alternating current operating frequency, for example the electrical network frequency of 50 Hz. This voltage through an adjustable voltage Converter 20 is supplied to the electrodes 2 and 3, between which the electric arc is ignited, ionizing the working substance (e.g., inert gas). AC voltage is also fed to the control electrodes 4 and the working electrode 6 orthogonal electric field with chains of series-connected resonant capacitors 9, creating a symmetrical shoulders of the primary winding 11 of the inductor 10, the resonance currents at the operating frequency. When one of the control electrodes 4 and the working electrode 6 negative half-wave voltage, at this time on a different pair electrode positive half-wave voltage. Following the positive half-wave voltage, electrons are removed from an electric arc (the space between the anode 2 and cathode 3) the electrons are potential Manager orthogonal electric fields pass through the hole 5 in the electrode 4 (formation of an electron beam method, "electron gun") and fall into the working of the orthogonal electric field created by the voltage at the working electrode 6 with an opening 7 (there is an increase in the tension of potential electron beam method, "electron gun"). The tension of the working of the electric field set 5-10 times greater than the tension of the controlling electric field to obtain the required power electrodynamic propulsion. Receiving the potential of the working of the electric field, the beam of the electron plasma passes through the hole 7 in the working electrode 6 and directed to the appropriate polarizable electrode 8, charging (polarize) it is negative. Between the electrode 8 and the schema node with zero potential (grounded cathode 19 of the electric arc and the midpoint 18 of the primary winding of the inductor is formed by a potential difference, under the action of which in the relevant part of the primary winding 11 is an electric current that creates a magnetic flux in the magnetic core 14 of the inductor 10. This electric current re combines (restores) the cations of the working substance, coming to the cathode 3 of the electric arc, the atoms and molecules of the working substance, is again subjected to ionization by an electric arc.

When changing the polarity of the half-wave voltage on the electrodes 4 and 6, the electric current is on the other half of the primary winding 11 of the inductor 10, creating a magnetic flux in the magnetic core 14 of the inductor opposite direction. In the magnetic circuit 14 generates an alternating magnetic flux.

An alternating magnetic flux in the magnetic core 14 of the inductor is and means of electromagnetic induction creates in the winding 13 alternating voltage, convertible adjustable voltage Converter 20 that supports an electric arc between the electrodes 2 and 3, and an external source 22 is automatically disabled by the switch 21.

An alternating magnetic flux in the magnetic circuit 14 also generates an EMF in the current coil 12, under the action of which in the anchor 15 is an electrical current through the three-position switch 16. The interaction of the magnetic field in the magnetic gap 14 of the coil with an electric current of the armature 15 creates a pulling force (FT). With the switch 16 in position "B" (Forward) anchor 15 is ejected from the magnetic gap, the vehicle moves forward. With the switch 16 in position "P" (Reverse) in the anchor 15 is the electric current of the opposite direction, the direction of the traction force also changes its direction to the opposite, and the vehicle will move in the direction of the resultant traction. With the switch 16 in position "N" (Neutral) of the electric current in the armature 15 will not, electrodynamic propulsion does not create traction.

Installation of vacuum device working electrodes orthogonal electric field allows you to set the tension orthogonal fields, ten times greater than the field strength of the electric arc, POPs is HaVaYaH corresponding potential of polarizable electrodes, and get more power electrodynamic propulsion. Thus, the electric arc will not destroy the working electrodes orthogonal to the electric field, since the control electrodes orthogonal to the electric field established between the electrodes of the arc and the working electrodes orthogonal fields, significantly weaken the influence of the field of the arc working field and orthogonal to each other. The control electrodes create tension orthogonal field, near field intensity arc needed to create the power required electron current. An electrical arc can not pass on the control electrodes orthogonal fields, as the distance between the arc electrodes and the control electrodes orthogonal fields 5-7 times greater than the distance between the electrodes of an electric arc.

Obtaining and filing the required voltages on the control and working electrodes orthogonal field with a resonant capacitor in parallel shoulders of the primary winding of the inductor is structurally simpler and cheaper in the technical implementation than the supply of high voltage (>1000 V) to the electrodes orthogonal electric field from the taps of the primary winding of the inductor through the bushings of the inductor. The decrease in the number of high-voltage pins in the inductor substantially increases the th dielectric strength, reliability and efficiency of propulsion in General.

Replacement switch in the prototype, interrupting the electrical current in the armature circuit, the three-position switch in the proposed propulsion, gives the opportunity to more efficiently manage electrodynamic propulsion and vehicle as a whole.

Electrodynamic propulsion containing electron device filled with a working substance located therein a pair of electrodes of an electric arc, a pair of control electrodes orthogonal electric field and a pair of polarizable electrodes and an inductor consisting of a primary winding, a current and an electric arc is made on the magnetic core with a gap where the anchor is connected to the current coil of the inductor, the ends of the primary winding are connected with polarizable electrodes electrovacuum device and through a capacitor to the middle point of this winding, which is connected to the cathode of an electric arc and is grounded winding of an electric arc inductor connected to the electrodes of an electric arc through the voltage Converter, the input of which is connected through a switch with an external AC power source, characterized in that the propulsion additionally introduced a pair of working electrodes orthogonal to the electric field established in the elect is vakuumnom the device in front of polarizable electrodes, two chains of series-connected resonant capacitors connected between the ends of the primary winding of the inductor and its mid-point, and three-position switch connecting the anchor with the current coil of the inductor, and the control electrodes and working electrodes orthogonal electric fields are connected with the circuits of the resonant capacitors are polarized in opposite phase electrodes.



 

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FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: device to convert power interaction of a system of permanent magnets and a ferrimagnetic into mechanical energy according to principle of multiple use comprises at least two permanent magnets and a ferrimagnetic, at the same time one of the permanent magnets is installed fixedly, and the second permanent magnet is installed with the possibility of rotation relative to the axis, which is perpendicular to the main vector of polarisation, besides, the ferrimagnetic is connected to an actuating mechanism, which is an energy receiver and is installed with the possibility of reciprocal movement.

EFFECT: making it possible to convert power interaction of a system of permanent magnets and a ferrimagnetic into mechanical energy and further into other types of energy.

5 cl, 3 dwg

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