Artificial illumination lamps to light rooms and/or cages for birds and artificial illumination method to light rooms and/or cages for birds

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: lamp is comprised of a body in the form of translucent tubular bulb with light diodes being located inside this bulb on the extended boards, at least in tow rows. Besides, maximums of light diodes direction patterns in each row are located under the angle to each other. The longitudinal grooves are made opposite to each other and on the internal surface of translucent tubular bulb. The body is provided with bases having their flanges located in the longitudinal bulb grooves so that they can be shifted or fixed. The extended boards of light diodes contact with the above bases. The artificial illumination method to light rooms or cages for birds and to affect birds with luminous radiation is implemented with the help of the above mentioned lamp.

EFFECT: production of durable, reliable in operation and practically feasible lamp based on light diodes with related method of artificial lighting.

8 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the industrial poultry, and can be used for growing birds in cage or floor content.

Known led illuminator containing a voltage Converter which is connected through a rectifying diode bridge with at least one led, which is connected in parallel capacitive filter, and these elements are located on a printed circuit Board which is located inside the translucent hulls, made with the current-carrying pins, while the body is made in the form of a tube, and the LEDs are evenly distributed along the entire length of the PCB [description of the invention to the patent of Russian Federation №2354084 from 09.06.2007, IPC NV 37/00, publ. 27.04.2009]. The illuminator can be used in buildings lamps instead of incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, etc. and has improved performance, such as efficiency, durability, reliability and environmental friendliness.

The disadvantages of the device - alternatives to the currently used incandescent lamps, must be attributed the fact that the illuminator is a self-contained product in which all the elements are placed on a printed circuit Board located inside the case, and it makes the illuminator superior in value several times over traditional the lamps. The use of the illuminator for artificial lighting cells with a bird is not economically feasible.

Known led picoprojector, comprising a housing with light elements consisting of groups of LEDs with different spectra of radiation, power supply and control system, while the body is made in the form of a rectangular frame made of U-shaped channel, the LEDs are located on the circuit Board installed in one row in a transparent sealed shades, made in the form of tubes of the shaped profile with guides arranged within, for mounting circuit boards and ceiling mounted inside the housing with a gap relative to each other in several parallel rows, so that the Central axis of the light flux LEDs oriented in the same direction to the front surface of the housing and perpendicular to its plane [description of the invention to the patent of Russian Federation №2369086 dated 15.01.2008 IPC A01G 9/20, publ. 10.10.2009]. Picoprojector provides low temperature of the shell and the low voltage power supply is strong, not afraid of splashing, prevents penetration to the lighted object radiation from external light sources capable of providing the necessary for plants spectral composition of radiation.

The disadvantages of design spotlight should be attributed to the large size of the market, required for more complete coverage of the area, and the need for forced cooling of the LEDs. It is for this reason lamps are made in the form of tubes through them easier just to run the air for heat dissipation from the LEDs, and the spotlight consists of many shades, which if not forced cooling can be changed to one translucent cover. In addition, forced cooling of the LEDs has a feature - unprepared air contains small particles of dust that settle on the inner surface of the ceiling without succumbing to the subsequent removal than reduce the brightness of the lamp and the spectral composition of light. In the end, the design known picoprojector and its elements can be applied to artificial lighting birds.

It is known that in the stimulation of feeding and increase the digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds used lamp containing a light cable formed from prisoners in protective translucent membrane sequentially arranged in two rows with equal spacing on the elongated current-carrying elements of point sources of visible light radiation, in the form of LEDs, the radiation from which is distributed in different directions due to the special section of the shell and nalitch the Yu reflector [description of the invention to the patent of Russian Federation №2165694 from 29.03.1999, IPC7AC 31/00, AK 45/00, publ. 27.04.2001]. The light sources are configured to work in one specific part of the spectrum of visible radiation that allows the use of biological rhythms birds for maximum realization of their in achieving high productivity.

Complex design translucent sheath special cross-section and the lamp as a whole makes its use unprofitable. In addition, the forced dispersion of directional radiation characteristic of the led requires the use of more powerful modifications that without the forced removal of heat can cause overheating of the radiator (crystal) and, accordingly, it accelerated degradation.

Known generalized technical solution of the lamp containing the LEDs installed in the housing of arbitrary shape and made in the form of at least two sections of LEDs, each of which is connected with its power supply unit contains a Converter and ballast chokes connected in parallel across the normally closed contact sensor, and the sensor and sections of LEDs mounted on the heat sink cooling [description of the invention to the patent of Russian Federation №2313199 from 24.11.2006, IPC NV 33/02, F21S 4/00, publ. 20.12.2007]. The lamp has high durability and operational reliability due t is restabilization mode LEDs and duplication of light sources - the LEDs.

The disadvantages of the known lamp should be attributed to inadequate design work to implement its many independent original technical solutions. In addition, the main element of the lamp is its unique cooling system, which allow use in different spheres of human activity. However, this lamp cannot be used, for example, for artificial lighting cells with the bird, because of its excessive functions, reproduced repeatedly, unreasonably increase the cost of the bird.

A device for ultraviolet irradiation of animals and birds, containing the radiation source, made in the form of LEDs operating in the ultraviolet range, the led is mounted on the wall and/or ceiling of the premises for the keeping of animals and poultry and/or associated with technological equipment - trough and/or drinking and/or cell to UV radiation to the object of irradiation in the regulated mode and in low light areas [description of the utility model patent of the Russian Federation No. 91677 from 11.06.2008, IPC A61D 99/00, publ. 27.02.20l0]. This reduces the energy of ultraviolet irradiation of animals and birds, increases the term ek the operation of irradiators.

The disadvantage of this device is typical of single LEDs uneven lighting occupied by the bird's territory. For example, when growing broilers for meat strongest individuals will be lighted place, pushing out with his weaker fellows. In the poultry population will develop unevenly, and the output of marketable products will decrease.

A known design of lamps led illumination ISO-1 "Chameleon", intended for lighting of poultry and outdoor cages and animals [see website STP TEHNOSVET GROUP athttp://www.ntp-ts.ru/led lights -http://www.ntp-ts.ru/svetodiodnye_svetilniki/]. The lamp is an aluminum housing that is modified depending on the desired characteristics of length, defined therein, at least two rows of boards with LEDs.

The disadvantage of these lamps is the fact that the maxima of the radiation patterns of the LEDs of each of the rows are the same, and this makes the lamp emitter directional with the formation of even a large, but light spot, where the most powerful and large birds. Other birds are forced to settle for less than bright lighting, which ultimately leads to a delay in their development and, consequently, not enough is Tamilnadu and uniform weight of livestock in the herd.

The task of the first invention group and the technical result achieved, is to create a durable, reliable in operation and convenient in fabrication of the lamp based on led technology, implements a new method of artificial lighting and with enhanced functionality in terms of ensuring uniform illumination of the maximum possible space and/or cages for birds. An additional result will be lower costs for the manufacture of the lamp and, as a consequence, the growing birds.

To solve the problem and achieve the claimed technical effect lamp for artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry includes a housing in the form of a translucent tubular bulb placed inside it on the longer boards, at least two rows of LEDs, with highs pattern of LEDs of each of the layers are arranged at an angle to each other, while on the inner surface of the translucent tubular bulb has opposed spaced longitudinal grooves and elongated Board LEDs are in contact with the grounds, the flanges of which are located in the longitudinal grooves of the flask with the possibility of displacement and subsequent commit.

In addition to e the CSOs:

- base curved with the formation of sites to contact arranged at an angle to each other, elongated boards of LEDs;

- the base is made flat and elongated Board in contact with them by means of an intermediate wedge-shaped gaskets;

longitudinal grooves are offset upwards relative to the horizontal axis of symmetry of the tubular bulb;

inside the translucent tubular bulb, with the possibility of relying on the rear of the grounds, on the side opposite to the arrangement of LEDs located electrical cable for connection to a power source;

- on the ends of the translucent tubular bulb plugs are at least one of which is made with the output channel for the electric cable, and plugs supplied with brackets for hanging indoors and/or cage;

- svetopropusknaya tubular bulb is made with a length less than the length of the cell.

Famous traditional way of artificial lighting for outdoor poultry, including impacts on birds by light radiation from the posted volume of space spotlights [description of the invention to the patent EP No. 0064175 from 10.04.1982, IPC3AC 31/00, 1, publ. 28.11.1984].

Also there is a method of artificial lighting to etoc for poultry, including the impact on birds by light radiation from the volume of the cell spot lamp [Description of the patent WO No. 01/00013 from 28.06.1999, IPC7AC 31/00, 3 and 4, publ. 04.01.2001].

In both cases, the spotlights form on the floor of a room or cell of the light spot, where the most powerful and large birds. Other birds are forced to settle for less than bright lighting, which ultimately leads to a delay in their development, and as a result, insufficiently stable weight cattle within the herd.

Known fairly new to the present time the lightning birds during cellular content based on a particular installation, including distributed along the cell system of the light sources is made in the form of a flexible light guide with the emitting side surface, one of the ends is coupled with a powerful radiation source [description of the invention to the patent of Russian Federation №2095974 from 20.03.1997, IPC6AC 31/00, AK 45/00, F21V 8/00, publ. 20.11.1997]. The technical result - improving the efficiency of the reporting process, reducing operational costs and enhancing technological capabilities.

The disadvantage of this solution is the only one, albeit powerful, light source, which in the case of burnout or any failure causes the bird to stress the state. Besides maintaining the fiber in the proper purity, providing the necessary and stable level of illumination of the volume of cells is complicated and costly task, so this solution has not found its embodiment in practice.

Lighting of poultry houses using LEDs combines cheapness spotlights on the basis of incandescent and high quality lighting on the basis of a flexible fiber.

The task of the second invention group and the technical result achieved, is to create another method of artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry based on durable, reliable in operation and convenient in fabrication of the lamp based on led technology, with enhanced functionality in terms of ensuring uniform illumination of the maximum possible space and/or cells. An additional result will be a reduction in the cost of raising poultry.

To solve the problem and achieve the claimed technical effect in the way of artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry, including impacts on birds by light radiation, the latter is formed by lighting on any of the options of the first image is the shadow of your group.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

- figure 1 is a cross-section shows the basic design of the lamp for artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry;

- figure 2 shows a view of a figure 1 - view of the lamp from below;

- figure 3-6 shows some options for placement of LEDs in the bulb of the lamp;

- figure 7 shows a General view of the lamp Assembly;

on Fig shows the electrical circuit of the lamp.

Lamp for artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry, the size of which is determined, as a rule, the length of a cell (e.g., do not exceed the length of the internal space), includes case, representing svetopropusknuyu the tubular bulb 1 is placed inside of it on the long boards 2, in at least two rows of LEDs 3, with highs in the directional diagrams of 3 LEDs each of the rows are angled and each other, while on the inner surface of the translucent tubular bulb 1 are located opposite longitudinal grooves 4, and extra long Board 2 LEDs contact with the bases 5, the flanges 6 which are located in the longitudinal grooves 4 bulb 1 with offset and subsequent commit.

The base 5, which are, as a rule, simple is isie same details, the number of which depends on the length of the lamp and, accordingly, the tubular bulb 1, spaced along it and can be bent (see figures 1, 3 and 4) with the formation areas 7 to contact arranged at an angle α to each other, elongated plates 2 LEDs 3, but can also be made flat (see figure 5 and 6), and extra long boards 2 are in contact with them by means of an intermediate wedge-shaped spacers 8. The term "flat base" should be understood such a design of the base 5, which has a uniform surface (common ground 7) for accommodating all at once (usually two or three, but may be more) rows of elongated circuit Board 2 with the corresponding pads 8 under them.

The longitudinal grooves 4 on the inner surface of the bulb 1 are offset upwards with respect to its horizontal axis of symmetry, which ensures the necessary working clearance for multiple rows of LEDs 3 without contact with the walls of the flask 1.

Inside the translucent tubular bulb 1, with the possibility of relying on the back surface of the bases 5, on the side opposite to the arrangement of LEDs 3, and, to some extent, the same rear sections of the elongated circuit Board 2 that is positioned at an angle and to each other, padded electric cable 9 for connection to the power PI is Denmark 10. The connection of the electric cable 9 with long boards 2 LEDs 3 conventionally not shown.

On the ends of the translucent tubular bulb 1 are stubs 11, at least one of which is 11' is made with the channel 12 to output an electric cable 9, and the stub 11 (11') are provided with brackets 13 for hanging in the home and/or cell.

The method of artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry includes the impact on birds by light radiation generated by the above-mentioned lamp, on any of the options of its execution.

Given that cells have a generally elongated shape, for lighting are the best to use just one long, conventionally sealed lamp. For lighting with birds, you can use specially designed for the required length of the lamp or use a few designed for a typical cell, conventionally sealed lamps. Conditional tightness required for routine disinfection and, accordingly, cleaning of the premises of the house and/or cells before starting a new flock of poultry (chickens).

You should pay attention to some features of the technical solutions of the lamp.

As you know, LEDs have a feature that limit their use as asianova light source. The crystal emits light energy in the surrounding space unevenly. In the direction of the most intense luminous flux of the led light spot is formed with a certain angle scattering is the so - called maximum beam of the led. To obtain uniform illumination of a surface or space, you need to use LEDs high power or large number of LEDs low power. Large LEDs are less efficient, require forced cooling, and light may not meet the requirements for poultry in the artificial light. LEDs low power is required to arrange in such a way that they formed a guaranteed ambient light, cool with each other, and, in addition, the design of the lamp should be efficient, and the lamp should be easy and cheap to manufacture.

As it turned out, more suited for this purpose an elongated lamp with tubular bulb 1 and many simplest reason 5, is fixed by the flanges 6 in the slots 4 and having simple shapes or gnutoo form (figure 1, 3 and 4) or a flat shape (figure 5 and (b) with an intermediate wedge-shaped spacers 8 for fastening them elongated circuit Board 2 with 3 LEDs collected on which the bathing equipment. For the formation of a total luminous flux of the LEDs 3 include, for example, in two or three located at a certain angle to each other series. Saving the maximum of the radiation pattern of each model of led 3, it was possible to get ambient light required brightness. It should be noted that the self heat radiation of the light on the bird can be neglected, and the question of its cooling LEDs 3 solved by strict requirements to the temperature of poultry, which does not exceed 35°C. Electronic equipment for the lamps, which can reach 200 or more pieces on the house, taken out of the lamp in the closets of power and control that is hosted in the house or in the utility room. Thus, it was decided that the technical contradiction - created a new led lamp required power light, durable, does not use forced cooling, sealed for periodic treatment with detergents and disinfectants, easy to manufacture and cheap. Unfortunately, the scope of its use is limited mainly by artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry. In all other cases (except in places with a temperature-controlled premises) under certain conditions in what can be accelerated, unpredictable degradation of the crystals of the LEDs 3 and, consequently, reduce the regulatory service life of the lamp.

The use of this lamp allows you to implement a unique way of artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry, when the surface of cells or the space is illuminated uniformly without forming characteristic of light and temperature spots. This is most important when raising chickens, especially in the first days of their life. The use of such lighting poultry differs uniform development and stable growth, without explicit separation of strong and weaker individuals.

Examples of implementation of inventions

Example 1. It is necessary to make the led lamp for artificial lighting broiler chickens, caged in a size of 2.0×3,0×0.5 m

For the manufacture of lamp use svetopropusknuyu the tubular bulb 1 2 m in length, on the inner surface which are opposed spaced longitudinal grooves 4 for placement of the flanges 6 reason 5. On the part of the inner surface of the bulb 1 applied longitudinal grooving to hide the rear clearance lamp with its cable "stuff" and give the lamp the best decorative properties. To receive the light flux from the light is ilnicka 1200 LM it is necessary to use low-power LEDs 3 - RF-INRA30DS-ED - firm REFOND (www.refond.com/product/topled/6.htmlwith the power of the light of 1,800-2,100 MCD in quantity 240 pieces, which can be found at 24 pieces on one of the elongated printed circuit Board 2 with a step of 10 mm between the LEDs 3. Thus made, for example, a pair of elongated circuit Board 2, which are placed in the bulb 1 of the lamp consistently in two rows and electrically connected to each other. Strength characteristics of prepared cards 2 provide the possibility of free accommodation inside the bulb 1 in two rows, with possible deviations of the form boards 2 from the flatness and straightness, for example a deflection compensated necessary amount placed in the slots 4 bulb 1 reason 5, and their uniform distribution along the length of the Board 3 and a fixed bond with her, for example, gluing or riveting.

To obtain the required angle α between the peaks of the directional diagrams of 3 LEDs each of the rows, which preferably is from 60° to 120°, as grounds 5 use of curved and angular profiles (see figures 1, 3 and 4).

The side opposite to the placement of two rows of LEDs 3 have cable 9 and provide group electrical connection between them. Collected with reason 5 extra long Board 3 is slid inside the bulb 1 consistently placing the flanges 6 each base plate 5 in the slots 4, and FIC is irout plugs 11, pre-selling one 11' cable 9. A lamp hung from the ceiling of the cell and connected to the power source 10. Produced by the LEDs 3 radiation more uniformly and favorably compared with radiation known luminescently and other lamps, lights all space cells and the floor, which excludes birds need to search for and/or to win more comfortable and better habitat. This will allow the chickens-broilers are guaranteed and more evenly to gain marketable weight.

Controlled temperature conditions birds provide the necessary durability of the lamp without the use of forced cooling of the LEDs 3. This allows one to considerably simplify the design of the lamp and reduce the cost of its production. As a result, the lamp becomes competitive with the most popular fluorescent light sources. Completed according izobreteniy led lamp is washed and/or disinfected simultaneously with the cell without affecting performance.

Example 2. In the manufacture of the lamp of Example 1 as the base 5 can be used flat profile (see figure 5 and 6).

Assembly of such a lamp is also carried out similarly to Example 1, the only difference, what is the required angle α of the maxima of the radiation patterns of the LEDs 3 of each series are provided by the use of an intermediate wedge-shaped spacers 8. Practice shows that for the manufacture of two - and three-row version of the lamp is quite the same size strips 8 with a wedge angle α/2. This lamp provides the same kind of light as in Example 1.

In addition to these examples of possible other ways of lamp design will determine the specific performance of the bases 5 and their placement in the slots 4 of the flask 1. In particular, the following variants are possible:

the LEDs 3 are mounted in rows on the platform 7 on the outside (figure 1) angular profile of the base 5, and inside (figure 3);

the LEDs 3 are mounted in rows on a flat base 5 by means of spacers 8 and directed in different directions (figure 5), and towards each other (Fig.6);

- the number of rows of LEDs 3 - two or three further increases significantly complicates the design of the lamp.

The use of inventions was created durable, reliable in operation and is adaptable to the manufacture of the lamp based on led technology, implements a new method of artificial lighting and with enhanced functionality in terms of ensuring ravnomerno the first lighting of the maximum possible space and/or cages for birds. Further reduced the cost of manufacture of the lamp and, as a consequence, the growing birds.

1. Lamp for artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry, comprising a housing in the form of a translucent tubular bulb placed inside it on the longer boards, at least two rows of LEDs, with highs pattern of LEDs of each of the layers are arranged at an angle to each other, while on the inner surface of the translucent tubular bulb has opposed spaced longitudinal grooves and elongated Board LEDs are in contact with the grounds, the flanges of which are located in the longitudinal grooves of the flask with the possibility of displacement and subsequent commit.

2. The lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the base are curved with the formation of sites to contact arranged at an angle to each other, elongated boards LEDs.

3. The lamp according to claim 1, wherein the base is planar and elongated Board in contact with them by means of an intermediate wedge-shaped gaskets.

4. The lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the longitudinal grooves are offset upwards relative to the horizontal axis of symmetry of the tubular bulb.

5. The lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the inside of the translucent trubka the second bulb, with the possibility of relying on the rear of the grounds, on the side opposite to the arrangement of LEDs located electrical cable for connection to a power source.

6. The lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the end faces of the translucent tubular bulb plugs are at least one of which is made with the output channel for the electric cable, and plugs supplied with brackets for hanging in the home and/or cell.

7. The lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that svetopropusknaya tubular bulb is made with a length less than the length of the cell.

8. The method of artificial lighting and/or cells for poultry, including impacts on birds by light radiation, wherein the light radiation is formed by lighting according to any one of claims 1 to 7.



 

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1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of veterinary medicine. The method includes the use of ferroglucine 150 mg (2 ml) intramuscularly two times with an interval of 10 days, fosprenil intramuscularly, twice in different syringes at different points, the first time 0.07 ml/kg simultaneously with the preparation of iron, the second time in a dose of 0.07 ml/kg six days after the first injection of ferroglucine and cresacine 4 mg/kg when included into the scheme of feeding for 10 days.

EFFECT: method enables to avoid many of the vascular complications of newborn calves and piglets with anemia, to restore the health of herd, to reduce mortality and increase weight gain, improve the quality and quantity of meat products, to obtain healthy offspring.

2 ex

FIELD: veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: method includes bottle-feeding of polyson to calves in dose of 4 mg/kg and krezacin in dose of 4 mg/kg for 3 days within bottle-feeding program.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to normalise thrombocyte hemostasis, to eliminate relapse of functional digestion disturbances, to lower risk of thrombotic complications, assists in normal growth and development of calves.

1 ex

FIELD: veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: method includes bottle-feeding of polyzon for 2 days in dose of 5-6 mg/kg.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to quickly correct risk of thrombocyte aggregation disturbance development in neonatal calves, provides for normal rheology of blood, maintains digestion system in optimal mode of functioning.

3 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method is executed when guinea fowls are 4 weeks old. Proportionality of constitution, condition of legs and feathering are visually inspected, live mass of bird is measured. Additionally length of the third rudder is measured in tail. Individuals are selected with length of the third rudder not less than 70 mm. Proposed method provides for growth of live mass of breed compared to other methods by 3.4%, increased yield of 1st category carcasses by 6.2-7.1%.

EFFECT: selection of guinea fowls at earlier age also makes it possible to more efficiently use premises for breeder guinea fowls, to timely transfer them to limited feeding, which helps to reduce expenses for growth of young birds and to increase productivity of mature birds.

3 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of agricultural production, in particular to provision of favourable microclimate in stock-raising premises, namely in premises for poultry keeping. Method includes addition of microbal product into poultry ration. Poultry saplings are fed with probiotic fodder bacterial product "EM-AgroOb" from the 1st to 10th day of life.

EFFECT: provision of favourable microclimate in premises for poultry keeping.

3 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the industrial technology of broiler meat production. The method consists in keeping the broiler chickens under the lighting conditions with daily switching off the light 45 minutes earlier than on the previous day within the entire term of raising and every day the chickens are fed 45 minutes earlier in comparison with the previous days.

EFFECT: invention enables to increase production of the broiler chickens.

2 dwg, 5 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: in the process the flow of optical radiation of normalised is formed for the given crop plant intensity and duration. The spectral parametres of the flow are created that affect the plants by combined effect of several light sources of different specters. At that in preliminary experiments different ratios of one deal of one of the light sources in the general flow are imposed. Values of combination coefficient of sources flows in the general flow are calculated for the given ratios according to the formula , where ΦA, ΦB are respectively flows from sources A and B; the spectral fraction of the overall flow is calculated according to the formula where , are respectively the deals of flows in the i-th spectral ranges of sources A and B. Values of energy consumption are calculated by the formula , where are normalised values for the irradiated crops. The functional dependence of the energy consumption from the flow combination coefficient rate εµ=f(µ) is determined. Radiation regime is set at the value of the combination coefficient of flows, as corresponding to a minimum on the obtained functional dependence by changing the deal of flows from used light sources that form irradiance at the site of growing plants.

EFFECT: method provides energy savings at the regulation of radiation mode.

2 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

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