Propulsor

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: revolving drive wheel with rim and grouser are arranged on machine body. Pin is fitted on said rim with geometrical center not aligned with wheel rotational center. Grouser made up of paddle with rod and blade is pivoted to said pin. Second end of hinge rod is jointed with machine body to displace there along in the plane of wheel rotation. Said pin is secured on wheel to vary distance from wheel rotational axis top in geometrical center. Aforesaid grouser is secured on wheel pin by fast-release joint. The scull blade is replaceable.

EFFECT: lower operating costs.

4 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to wheel propulsion vehicles.

Known wheel propulsion, containing a pneumatic tire with tread for improved traction in a variety of road conditions on the surface of the tread there is a pattern in the form of protrusions, ribs and grooves for roads with improved surface for mixed road and off-road conditions, the latter equipped with massive lugs (see the book of Tractors and cars./ Edited Waskatenau. - M.: Agropromizdat, s...317).

As the destination of tires for different road conditions require tyres with different tread pattern, which takes into account conditions of safety, comfort, maneuverability, and efficiency. Moreover, usually, the vehicle is used on all types of roads and sometimes even when one flight, and to ensure its patency difficult area, it is necessary to install flotation tires or even use ATVs, which in any case leads to an increase in operating costs.

The aim of the invention is the reduction of operating costs through the use of predominantly tires for roads with improved surface and reducing transportation vehicles terrain.

The goal is accomplished, however, is that on the machine body installed leading wheel rim and lug rotatably. The wheel is fixed finger, the geometric center of which does not coincide with the center of rotation of the wheel, which is pivoted to the lugs in the form of paddles with the shaft and the blade, the second end of the rod which is pivotally connected to the machine body can move relative to the housing in the plane of rotation of the wheel. Finger on the wheel is fixed with the possibility of changing the distance from the axis of rotation of the wheel to the geometric center of the finger. The lugs attached to the finger wheel quick release device. The blade is made removable.

The invention is illustrated by diagrams. Figure 1 shows a diagram where the moving swivel hinge end of the paddle to the machine body made vertically, figure 2 - the same, horizontally.

Works described mover in the following way. When driving on trudnoprohodim section of road, when the slipping wheel 1 will become significant until the machine is stopped, the rod 2 paddles fixed to the finger 3 quick release device which does not obstruct free movement of the second end of the rod 2 on the roller 4 relative to the guide roller 5 on the machine body. When the wheel spins 1 blade 6 of the rod 2 paddles zagubica in slavesoul bearing surface 7 and the machine will move in the direction of motion. Having the momentum, the machine moves the button on the treadmill wheel 1 with increasing slip, yet, after the turnover, the blade 6 again will not report the car momentum. Even when the blade 6 will push out completely from under a part of the supporting surface 7 and cease to interact, it is always possible to put under her, while she is in the top position, any solid object ((a piece of wood, stone and the like) that often cannot be done even under the wheel with tread all-terrain. By overcoming truepresence section through the quick-release device terminal 2 paddles disconnect from finger 3 and set in the transport position, precluding the possibility of interaction between the wheel and the finger with the paddle. The ability to change the distance of insertion of the pin 3 with respect to the center of rotation of the wheel 1 allows you to configure the drive in a different condition of the support surface. On hard and slippery surface distance is reduced, and in swampy increase, resulting in a change in the depth of penetration of the blade 6 in the bearing surface 7. Moreover, in contrast to the high flotation tires with directional tread the effectiveness of the described propulsion same as when moving forwards and backwards. This is what the blade is made removable. Here it is possible to change not only the depth of introduction of the installation of the blades of the respective lengths of the, but to pick up the blade for a specific reference surface such as ice.

The invention allows newestentry machines on the tires for usovershenstvovannyh ways to overcome tradepress roads through quick installation of the paddle in both the production and the transport position and can be easily implemented on existing and projected vehicle without significantly increasing the weight and cost. Moreover, if the machine is operated only on roads with improved surface, the paddle is possible not to carry and install only when you have to move on trodeposition roads.

1. Mover containing a driving wheel with the rim and lugs, which is installed on the machine body for rotation, characterized in that the wheel is additionally fixed finger, the geometric center of which does not coincide with the center of rotation of the wheel on which the hinge is installed lugs in the form of paddles with the shaft and the blade, the second end of the rod which is pivotally connected to the machine body can move relative to the housing in the plane of rotation of the wheel.

2. The thruster according to claim 1, characterized in that the lugs on the fixed finger quick release device.

3. The thruster according to claim 1, characterized in that the finger on the wheel fixed in the possibility of changing the distance from the axis of rotation of the wheel to the geometric center of the finger.

4. The thruster according to claim 1, characterized in that the blade is made replaceable.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed device comprises L-section metal bracket bent in lengthwise direction along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.

EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed method comprises placing device increasing friction factor, for example, anti-spin devices including L-like cross-section metal bracket bent along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.

EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.

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FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wheel comprises tire with rim, hub with side disks and axle, drive ring, fasteners to joint drive ring to hub, push rod and recoil brake. Thrusts are mounted on drive ring. Brake interacts with thrusts. Drive ring is provided with perforated corner plates arranged in midplane and secured on drive ring inner surface. Said ring may change its axial position and be locked by fasteners on threaded rods arranged parallel with axle and rigidly coupled with said disk. Side disk diameter exceeds that of hub. Rods pass through drive ring corner plate perforations.

EFFECT: higher reliability.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely to automobile cross country capacity. Proposed device comprises chain, arc-like plate with eyelet with two holes receiving tensioning studs with nuts whereto said chain is secured. Note here that arc-like plate can be secured to wheel rim with the help of pin.

EFFECT: ease of attachment.

2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to additional equipment temporary mounted on wheels. Proposed device contains detachable grouser connected with lever made for fastening on automobile hub by support bolt passed through wheel disk, lever consists of three parts. Upper part forms, together with grouser, a common-l-shaped part in form of bent plate hinge-connected with middle part consisting of two shackles enclosing the plate, free ends of shackles being hinge-connected with third lower part of lever. The latter is essentially plate support of device of arbitrary form with holes in corners of isosceles triangle in plan, in vertex of which plate is arranged and hinge-fastened between said shackles. Said support bolt is fitted in one of two other holes. Bolt is provided with thread in middle part with turned-on locking washers with cylindrical projections pointed to each other, each being fitted in hole in support for free rotation. Lower part of support bolt is made cylindrical with flats for wrench on end not projecting beyond the contour of cylindrical part. Pin of cup is fitted in third hole of support. Axis of pin is displaced relative to axis of cup with eccentricity exceeding diameter of pin.

EFFECT: increased operating properties and reduced impact loads on parts of transmission.

5 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; wheeled vehicles auxiliaries.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device contains casing in form of sector enclosing the wheel secured for rotation around wheel axial line. Casing is controlled by handle from driver's cab through system of levers by adjustable gear engagement, with bushing freely fitted on rear axle being rigidly connected with said casing provided with toothed rim. With bushing being shifted along axle it comes into meshing with toothed rim rigidly secured on wheel rim for rotating casing by wheel. With bushing in other position, teeth found on one of its sides engage with teeth of rear axle to fix casing of wheel.

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Antiskid device // 2238855
The invention relates to the automotive industry

The invention relates to wheeled vehicles and is aimed at improving the operation of the vehicle

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed device comprises L-section metal bracket bent in lengthwise direction along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.

EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed method comprises placing device increasing friction factor, for example, anti-spin devices including L-like cross-section metal bracket bent along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.

EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.

2 cl, 4 dwg

Wheel thruster // 2373073

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: wheel thruster comprises air tire, wheel tread, disk, rod-type grousers, each pivoted to pins concentrically arranged with respect to disk center at distance "a" from thruster outer circumference. Grouser rod length exceeds "a". Each grouser functions as pusher and is furnished with backup shoe. It is spring loaded with respect to disk and has only one its end pivoted at an angle to wheel axial lines to turn in the wheel plane. Backup shoe represents a flat with grouser rigidly fitted thereon, perpendicular to aforesaid flat, and pivoted on grouser-pusher free end to turn in the disk plane.

EFFECT: reduced harmful effects on soil.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wheeled propulsive device contains pneumatic tire, rim, disk, rod grousers, each hinge-connected to pins arranged concentrically relative to center of disk at distance "a" from outer circumference of propulsive device. Length of rod of grouser exceeds "a". Each grouser being pushing mechanism is furnished with support shoe, is spring-loaded relative to disk and is hinge-connected only by one end on pin at angle to axial lines of wheel for turning in plane of disk.

EFFECT: improved traction and coupling properties of propulsive device.

2 dwg

The invention relates to the tire industry, the design of the tread of pneumatic-tired vehicles, including dump trucks, providing grip

The invention relates to devices of the terrain and can find application in vehicles when driving on a slippery road

The vehicle's wheel // 2055747
The invention relates to wheeled production, particularly to wheels for tractors and agricultural machines

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wheeled propulsive device contains pneumatic tire, rim, disk, rod grousers, each hinge-connected to pins arranged concentrically relative to center of disk at distance "a" from outer circumference of propulsive device. Length of rod of grouser exceeds "a". Each grouser being pushing mechanism is furnished with support shoe, is spring-loaded relative to disk and is hinge-connected only by one end on pin at angle to axial lines of wheel for turning in plane of disk.

EFFECT: improved traction and coupling properties of propulsive device.

2 dwg

Wheel thruster // 2373073

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: wheel thruster comprises air tire, wheel tread, disk, rod-type grousers, each pivoted to pins concentrically arranged with respect to disk center at distance "a" from thruster outer circumference. Grouser rod length exceeds "a". Each grouser functions as pusher and is furnished with backup shoe. It is spring loaded with respect to disk and has only one its end pivoted at an angle to wheel axial lines to turn in the wheel plane. Backup shoe represents a flat with grouser rigidly fitted thereon, perpendicular to aforesaid flat, and pivoted on grouser-pusher free end to turn in the disk plane.

EFFECT: reduced harmful effects on soil.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed method comprises placing device increasing friction factor, for example, anti-spin devices including L-like cross-section metal bracket bent along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.

EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed device comprises L-section metal bracket bent in lengthwise direction along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.

EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Propulsor // 2452629

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: revolving drive wheel with rim and grouser are arranged on machine body. Pin is fitted on said rim with geometrical center not aligned with wheel rotational center. Grouser made up of paddle with rod and blade is pivoted to said pin. Second end of hinge rod is jointed with machine body to displace there along in the plane of wheel rotation. Said pin is secured on wheel to vary distance from wheel rotational axis top in geometrical center. Aforesaid grouser is secured on wheel pin by fast-release joint. The scull blade is replaceable.

EFFECT: lower operating costs.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to devices intended for increasing traction and perfecting coupling of wheeled running gear used in agriculture and forestry. Post is arranged in guide bush locked by pin and trapezoidal jaw to support hook by its lower end and, by pin top end, to support rod that enters wave-shaped groove. Said groove is made on segment disk to allow changing the proposed device by retainer from transport position into operating position, and vice versa. Said disk groove length depends upon height grouser penetration into soil hc and maximum turn angle a depends upon the number of grousers.

EFFECT: faster conversion from operating conditions into transportation conditions, and vice versa.

2 cl, 4 dwg

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