Method of solid domestic waste disposal and burial in exhausted mines

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environmental protection, particularly, to processing and storing of solid domestic wastes and may be used in communal services for disposal, transportation and burial of solid domestic wastes. Proposed method comprises briquetting of solid wastes, their transportation to location of burial, filling underground cavities via borehole extending to surface and bridging said borehole by backfill material. Casing is fitted in borehole. Briquetting is carried out with the help of device wherein solid domestic wastes are compacted and arranged in metal container made up of two hinged thin-wall semi-cylinders to be carried to location of burial Filled borehole is bridged by backfill material to drill new borehole above underfilled underground cavity whereto frame with mechanisms and lift crane for described cycle to be repeated unless exhausted gas deposit is completely filled.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances due to reuse of briquette containers.

8 cl, 10 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of environmental protection, in particular to the field of processing and storage of solid waste, and can be applied in utilities for recycling, transportation and disposal of solid waste.

Solid waste currently are the source of increased environmental pollution in the process of refining, transportation, utilization and storage in landfills.

One of the promising directions of improvement of ecological characteristics for disposal of solid waste is disposal in the underground spaces of various workings, namely - depleted gas fields, which have the advantage that already confirmed their leak-proof no leakage of gas.

A known method of disposal of solid domestic wastes and their disposal in depleted underground spaces, including briquetting of solid waste, transportation to the place of burial, filling briquettes underground space through the opening onto the surface of the well and the clogging of the specified channel of the borehole backfill material (patent RU 2048213, IPC B09B 1/00, 1991).

This solution is the closest to the invention, therefore, adopted for the prototype.

The disadvantages of the prototype is the tsya low safety briquettes during handling and transportation, and limited operational capabilities due to the inability to use, the disposal in depleted gas fields, the inability to reuse the shell container briquette.

The task, which is aimed by the invention, is to reduce the level of environmental pollution through the use of depleted gas fields and reduce losses during handling and transport, storage of solid waste.

The technical result from the use of the utility model is to allow the use of depleted gas fields and increasing the safety of briquettes in preparation for disposal, and enhanced operational capabilities through repeated use shell container briquette.

Below is General and private significant features that characterize the causality of the invention with the specified technical result.

The method of disposal of solid domestic wastes and their disposal in depleted underground spaces includes briquetting of solid waste, transportation to the place of burial, filling briquettes underground space through the opening onto the surface of the hole and plugging the specified squag is by backfill material. As underground space use depleted gas field in the ground specified drill hole in which is inserted the casing. Briquetting is implemented by a device, in which municipal solid waste is fed into the hopper, then the reciprocating movements of the plunger are pressed into the sleeve until its completion. Further compacted waste form briquettes cylindrical shape with a diameter of not more than 80% of the diameter of the hole is served in a metal container, which is made in the form of pivotally interconnected along the axis of two thin semi-cylinders provided with a lock and mounting components placed on underground stub ends, after briquetting of solid waste carry out their transportation in metal containers to a landfill. Then use the crane their overload for mounting items on racks, made in the form of three separated sections of the guide rods placed parallel to each other on the frame. Two adjacent rack sections, located near wells, designed for containers with briquettes, far from which, by means of levers forward stroke of the mechanism of lateral movement serves on a number of drive rollers, the longitudinal displacement is of the containers, the axes of which are parallel to each other and the axes of the guide rods. Then the container is moved by rollers mounted along the frame receiving chute in the form of thin-walled half placed in it a pusher mechanism briquettes, fastened to the frame and put the container levers forward stroke on the end part of the receiving trough. Next raskrepljajut connecting half of the container, the tabs, lift the container with a crane for mounting items and move on to the third section of shelving for empty containers. After that, combine half of the container retainer and serves an empty container levers reverse mechanism for lateral movement of the vehicle, the briquette solid waste pusher to be moved along the groove of the hinge attached to the guide element, inclined lowered into the well. Briquette slides on the guiding element, bumping on the casing and falls into the underground space is depleted gas field, after filling the well shut it down filling material. Then drill a new well on empty underground space, which move the frame with the mechanisms of the longitudinal and transverse movement of the containers, a feed mechanism briquettes and crane, and repeat the cycle on the filling of the next well, and gradually, to fill the entire underground space depleted gas field. Transverse and longitudinal movement of containers on the frame provide mechanisms with chain drive or hydraulic, or electric. Used feeder briquettes made in the form of movable along the guides of the carriage, a pusher mounted with the possibility of interaction with the end face of the brick.

Used variant feeder briquettes made in the form of telescopic hydraulic cylinder with a plunger that is installed with the possibility of interaction with the end face of the briquette. Before loading into transport containers are placed in a mesh frame modules, equipped with lifting elements and by means of a layer installation and mutual fixation of the modules on the vehicle. The containers are moved along the guide rods, made in the form of pipes.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, in which figure 1 presents a General view of the depleted gas field with the device used in the invention; figure 2 - installation for the disposal of waste; figure 3 is a view As in figure 2; figure 4 is a device for making briquettes; figure 5 is a container with fully cover; figure 6 - a view a-a in figure 4; figure 7 is a container divided into two parts by a plug; Fig - download briquette is a container with a split cover; figure 9 - the drive levers forward stroke of the feed container; figure 10 - drive levers reverse feed empty containers.

The method of disposal of solid domestic wastes and their disposal in depleted underground spaces includes briquetting of solid waste, transportation to the place of burial, filling briquettes 1 underground space 2 through the opening onto the surface of the well 3 and the clogging of the specified channel of the borehole backfill material.

As underground space use depleted gas field in the ground specified drill hole 3 into which is inserted the casing 4. Briquetting is implemented by a device, in which municipal solid waste is fed into the hopper 5 (Figure 4), then the reciprocating movements of the plunger 6 are pressed in the sleeve 7 to its completion. After that compacted waste in the form of briquettes 1 has a cylindrical shape with a diameter of not more than 80% of the diameter of the hole 3 is served in a metal container 8, which is made in the form interconnected by hinges 9 along the axis of two thin semi-cylinders 10 and 11, provided with latches 12 and the circuit elements 13, placed on the plugs 14 (option 5) from the ends.

To load the container according to the variant of figure 5 it open on the bed is 40 (6), then turn the can 11 and combine it with half 10 by clamps 12.

Can also be used to split the stub of two parts 37 and 38 interconnected by a rod 39 (Fig.7). In this case, the container 8 is mounted on the cradle 40 in the assembled condition (Fig). When loading a pellet of 1 part 37 is rotated upward on the hinge 41 and is fixed by a stud 39 on the sleeve 7. The lower part is rotated on the hinge 42 and is fixed horizontally on the bed flush with the sleeve 7, forming a ramp for sliding briquette 1.

After briquetting of solid waste carry out their transportation in metal containers 8 to the place of burial, then use the crane 15 remote control 16 winch 17 with the cargo hook 18 of their overload for mounting elements 13 on the racks 19, performed in three divided by partitions 20 sections of the guide rods 21, installed in parallel to each other on the frame rods can be made of pipes. Two adjacent rack sections, located near well 3, designed for containers with briquettes 8, the extreme of which, by means of levers forward stroke 22 (Fig.9) mechanism of lateral movement (for example, through a chain 23 with Cams) served on a number of drive rollers 24 longitudinal movement of the containers, the axes of which are PA is allele each other and the axes of the guide rods 21, then, the container 8 is moved by the rollers 24 mounted along the frame receiving trough 25 in the form of thin-walled half placed in it by the pusher 26 of the feeder briquettes 27 fixed to the frame 28, and pass the container 8 levers forward stroke 22 on the receiving chute, raskrepljajut connecting half of the container, the tabs 12, raise the container crane 15 for mounting elements 13. When lifting the container 8, thanks to its curved side surfaces type grab bucket briquette 1 is rolled on the receiving chute and the container is moved to the third section of the racks 19 for empty containers, after that connect half of the container retainers 12 and serves an empty container 8 levers 29 reverse (figure 10) mechanism of lateral movement (e.g., a chain of 30) of the vehicle. Briquette 1 solid waste pusher 26 to be moved along the groove 25 on the hinge attached to the guide element 31, an inclined lowered into the well 3. Briquette slides on the guiding element 31, bumping on the casing 4 and falls into an underground space 2 depleted gas field. After filling the wells 3 briquettes 1 shut it down filling material 32 and drill a new hole 33 on empty underground space, which move on grunewaldstrasse 34 of the frame 28 with the mechanisms of the longitudinal and transverse movement of the containers 8, feeder with briquettes and crane 15, and repeat the cycle until you have filled the following wells 33 briquettes 1, and gradually to fill the entire underground space 2 depleted gas field.

During implementation of the invention can be used in known types of mechanisms for transverse and longitudinal movement of the container 8 on the frame 28, which is performed by mechanisms with chain drive, hydraulic mechanisms or mechanisms with electric drive.

Can be used feeders briquettes in the form of movable along the guides of the carriage, a pusher mounted with the possibility of interaction with the end face of the briquette, or in the form of a telescopic hydraulic cylinder.

Before loading into transport containers 8 can be accommodated in wire frame modules, equipped with lifting elements and by means of a layer installation and mutual fixation of the modules on the vehicle. To prevent ejection of the bale 1 outside of the casing 4 of the bore 3 is provided bump stop 36.

A comparison of the claimed technical solution to the prior art known from scientific, technical and patent documentation on the priority date in the main and adjacent sections revealed no technical solution having characteristics identical to all characteristics contained in th is defined by the applicant claims, including characterization purposes. I.e. the set of essential features of the claimed solution was not previously known and is not identical with any known technical solutions, therefore, it corresponds to a condition of patentability "novelty".

The claimed technical solution is industrially applicable because it can be implemented industrially and used for recycling and disposal of solid waste, workable, feasible and reproducible, and features of the device allow to obtain the desired effect, i.e. they are significant.

The invention as it is characterized in each of the claims, may be made by using the tools and methods described in the prototype - patent RU 2048213 that has become publicly available before the priority date of the utility model. Therefore, the claimed technical solution meets the condition of patentability "industrial applicability".

Analysis of the known technical solutions in the field of the invention showed that the proposed method is not necessary for the expert in the obvious way from the prior art, since no identified solution having attributes matching the distinctive features of the invention, and is not confirmed by the popularity of the influence of distinctive features specified in degradative the Ah application technical result. I.e. the claimed invention has characteristics that are absent in the known technical solutions, and the use of these characteristics in the stated essential features gives you the opportunity to gain new technical result - the possibility of using depleted gas fields and improve the safety of briquettes in preparation for the burial, as well as enhanced operational capabilities through repeated use shell container briquette.

Therefore, the proposed solution can be obtained only by creativity and not obvious to a person skilled in this field, i.e. corresponds to a condition of patentability "inventive step".

The use of the invention reduces the level of environmental pollution through the use of depleted gas fields and to reduce the losses during handling, transportation and disposal of solid waste.

1. The method of disposal of solid domestic wastes and their disposal in depleted underground spaces, including briquetting of solid waste, transportation to the place of burial, filling briquettes underground space through the opening onto the surface of the well and sukupolvi the specified borehole backfill material, characterized in that the quality of underground space use depleted gas field in the ground specified drill hole in which is inserted the casing, briquetting is implemented by a device, in which municipal solid waste is fed into the hopper, then the reciprocating movements of the plunger are pressed into the sleeve until its completion, after which the compacted waste in the form of briquettes cylindrical shape with a diameter of not more than 80% of the diameter of the hole is served in a metal container, made in the form of pivotally interconnected along the axis of two thin semi-cylinders provided with a lock and mounting elements placed on the plugs the ends, after briquetting of solid waste carry out their transportation in metal containers to a landfill, then use the crane their overload for mounting items on racks, made in the form of three separated sections of the guide rods placed parallel to each other on the frame, and two adjacent rack sections, located at the channel wells are designed for containers with briquettes, far from which, by means of levers forward stroke of the mechanism of lateral movement serves on a number of drive rollers p is dolnego movement of the containers, when the axes of the rollers are parallel to each other and the axes of the guide rods, then the container is moved by rollers mounted along the frame receiving chute in the form of thin-walled half placed in it a pusher mechanism briquettes fixed to the frame and put the container levers forward stroke on the receiving chute, raskrepljajut connecting half of the container, the latch, lift container crane for mounting items and move on to the third section of shelving for empty containers, after that connect half of the container retainer and serves an empty container levers reverse mechanism for lateral movement of the vehicle, the briquette solid waste pusher to be moved along the trough hinge attached to the guide element, inclined lowered into the well, the brick slides on the guiding element, bumping on the casing and falls into the underground space is depleted gas field, after filling the well shut it down filling material and drill a new well on empty underground space, which move the frame with the mechanisms of the longitudinal and transverse movement of the containers, a feed mechanism briquettes and crane and repeat the cycle until you have filled following the well, and gradually to fill the entire underground space depleted gas field.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the transverse and longitudinal movement of containers on the frame provide mechanisms with chain drive.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the transverse and longitudinal movement of containers on the frame provide mechanisms with hydraulic drive.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the transverse and longitudinal movement of containers on the frame provide mechanisms to drive.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the feed mechanism of briquettes made in the form of movable along the guides of the carriage pusher mounted with the possibility of interaction with the end face of the brick.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the feed mechanism of briquettes made in the form of telescopic hydraulic cylinder with a plunger that is installed with the possibility of interaction with the end face of the brick.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that prior to loading into transport containers are placed in a mesh frame modules, equipped with lifting elements and by means of a layer installation and mutual fixation of the modules on the vehicle.

8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the containers are moved along the guide rods, made in the form of pipes.



 

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1 tbl

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Insulating material // 2271882

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6 tbl

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3 ex

FIELD: environmental protection; methods of the environmental protection.

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4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: environmental protection; decontamination of the solid domestic and industrial wastes.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the environmental protection, in particular, to the decontamination of the solid domestic and industrial wastes and may be used for collecting and withdrawing of the biogas formed in the depth of the domestic and industrial wastes (DIW) polygon. The technical result of the invention is expansion of the technological capabilities at degassing of the DIW and decreasing of the harmful effect on the environment due to reduction of the harmful biogas outbursts in the air and withdrawal of the biogas for utilization at the DIW polygon operation simultaneously with allocation of the scrap. For this purpose on the polygon of the solid domestic and industrial wastes perform the preparation of the foundation, mounting of the system of the vertical gaseous drain from the net of the located on the polygon area wells with the perforated walls and the external filtrating earth-bank formed with the help of the sliding sheathing, the layer-by-layer placing of the wastes with the intermediate insulating layers, raising the wells in height of each layer of scrap; withdrawal of the biogas from the wells of the vertical gaseous drain is realized using the tubular drains of the horizontal drainage in the foundation of the DIW polygon. At that the lower links of the tubes of the wells of the of the vertical gaseous drain connect with the drainage wells of the horizontal tubular drains, and the upper ends of the wells of the vertical gaseous drainage shut by the plugs, which are installed after each cycle of the raise on the upper end of the sliding sheathing.

EFFECT: the invention ensures expansion of the technological capabilities at degassing of the domestic and industrial wastes (DIW), decreasing of the harmful effect on the environment, reduction of the harmful biogas outbursts into the air and withdrawal of the biogas for utilization at the DIW polygon operation simultaneously with allocation of the scrap.

3 cl, 1 dwg

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