Laser acupuncture apparatus

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to physiotherapeutic apparatuses and is applicable for vitality recovery after damaging exercises and mental overload, and for treating various diseases by laser reflex therapy. A presented apparatus comprises a handle body which integrates a laser diode coupled with a control unit with emission brought outside through an outlet on a pointed handle tip. A side surface of the handle comprises a general electrode also connected with the control unit. The control unit is connected to a power supply unit. In the presented apparatus, the power supply unit and the control unit are integrated in the handle, on an internal side surface of the outlet, there is an acupuncture point detector represented by a thin metal core of the diameter no more than 1 mm one end of which is bent so that it gets into a laser beam, and another one is connected to the control unit.

EFFECT: invention allows detecting the acupuncture points more precisely with using a laser beam.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of physical therapy devices and can be used to restore the vitality of the body when excessive physical and mental stress and for the treatment of various diseases using laser acupuncture.

To date, laser therapy, including laser acupuncture, widely used in medical practice for effective treatment of a large number of different diseases. The advantages of laser therapy include the drug-free treatment, no side effects, no physical, invasive, contact with patients, high efficiency of treatment. The drawbacks include, first of all, the inability to use the majority of known devices in the home and/or field conditions due to significant mesohabitat, until nontransportable, energy consumption and price.

Historically, the method of laser therapy began to develop with the emergence of coherent light sources, lasers and, in particular, gas helium-neon laser which generates a continuous coherent radiation with a wavelength of 633-650 nm (red light) with output power 3-7 mW. The first medical lasers had a very large wearability and power, created a threat of injury to patients and personnel high voltage, IP is olsaydim in the gas laser for excitation of the gas discharge.

Known typical representative of this generation - laser therapeutic apparatus NARMA production Ryazan metal ceramics instrumentation plant containing gas tube, combined with a high-voltage power supply, which has a weight of several tens of kilograms, dimensions 400×300×1000 mm (Figa) unit Cost tens of thousands of rubles. Of course, to apply such a device can only be in the hospital, and not each of its rates. No mobile application impossible.

When it became clear that the divergence of the beam on the diffraction level which is provided by such lasers in medicine is not needed, began to make short laser tube and, accordingly, smaller power supplies, however, the danger from high voltage remained in force fundamental impossibility of its reduction to a safe level.

Known laser therapeutic apparatus of the IIC-PHOTON-03, the production company of the Russian medical engineering center, Tomsk, containing a short discharge tube and high voltage power supply. The dimensions of the device 200×300×400 mm, weight 2.3 kg Cost about 20 thousand rubles, it is Clear that such a device is difficult to make an impact on the acupuncture point, even knowing where it is. Therefore, this device is also not intended for the home and the mobile applications.

The advent of semiconductor lasers operating in the same spectral range as helium-neon (630-650 μm), and having the same output power in continuous mode (3-7 mW), resulted in a dramatic decrease wearability devices and there is no danger of defeat patients high voltage.

We know a very large number of laser therapeutic devices containing low-voltage power source control circuit and one or more laser diodes generating coherent radiation in one or more spectral bands (family MUSTANG, manufacturing, SPC TECHNOLOGY, Moscow, dimensions 300×200×100 mm, weight 1-4 kg, price 10-40 thousand rubles, as well as a MULATTO, RIKTA, MILTA, AZOR with similar settings, and other (Figb-g).

Known devices contain a power supply and control and external emitters connected to the power connecting cable.

The disadvantage of these devices is relatively large wearability and cost that allows you to use them at home or in the field, but only in patient well-trained personnel, as the control of the devices is quite complex. Therefore, the ordinary citizen is not able to master these tools and techniques of working with them in the laser acupuncture.

The development of microprocessor technology has allowed to considerably reduce the weight and the dimensions of the devices. Appeared compact pocket sized devices. Composed of a laser diode emitter, a control circuit and an Autonomous power source - battery or battery

ANT, manufacturing, SPC TECHNOLOGY, Moscow, dimensions 150×65×50, weight 200g, price 6800 rubles, (Figd);

ORION, production contact person ALIVE, Moscow, dimensions 120×70×40 mm, weight 150 g, factory price 7200 rubles (File);

The CREOLE, the production company Technique-PRO, Moscow, dimensions 120×70×40, weight 50g, price 5900 rubles (Figs);

ALPHA, the production of Belarusian optical and mechanical Association, Minsk, dimensions dia. 17×117, weight 50g, price 5600 rubles (Figs);

BTL-2000, the production company Nyenskans Saint-Petersburg, dimensions 130×230×30, weight 70 g, price 9600 rubles (Figi)

and other

All devices are compact, fully self-contained with varying degrees of autonomy, but to use them can only specially trained in the technique of acupuncture specialists, as a simple user, even with the Atlas location of acupuncture points, can't find them on the body, without a special device that can do only a specialist in acupuncture, and all of these devices do not provide search capabilities of these points. Or need to buy a device for the detection of acupuncture points, for example, type SEARCH, made by the company MAGNON, Ekaterinburg p is the price of 1650 rubles (FIGC). The device is a metal cylindrical body with a diameter of 16 mm, length 135 mm, weight 80 g, on one end of which is placed the probe sensor diameter 3 mm, and the other led. Inside the metal housing is a power supply and control circuit of the conductivity between the metal housing and the probe. When the unit is taken in the hand and lead by the end of the probe on the skin. At the point of acupuncture skin conductivity increases, the led will light up.

The device has a large, compared with the size of the acupuncture points, the diameter of the probe, so detecting them acupuncture points does not guarantee the exact point to it, a laser beam of any laser device. In addition, the two-step detection-impact (first position of the point by the device SEARCH, and then exposed to a laser apparatus also reduces the accuracy of the installation, especially for lasers with invisible IR radiation. Try mark somehow found point (ballpoint pen, felt-tip pen) results when exposed to the radiation shielding and reduce the effectiveness of treatment.

Ideally, these two operations (search and impact) are performed by one device: after you locate the acupuncture points, the device, without displacement relative to the point, passes in a mode of radiation. In this case, the coincidence of the laser is nice and acupuncture points is guaranteed.

The closest essentially a solved problem is the device for laser therapy, consisting of a single block, which are located inside the power supply and control unit, and a remote laser emitter in the form of a handle connected with a power cable. Inside the handle is a laser diode connected to the control unit, the radiation through which the light is output through the hole on castrandom the end of the handle outward. On the lateral surface of the handle is a common electrode conductive plate connected to the control unit. The output of the fiber is surrounded by a metal ring, which is connected with the control unit and is used as a contact, which is the search of biologically active points (acupuncture points) on the body of the patient in the conventional way by controlling the resistance of the skin area, which relates to the contact ring, and a common electrode on the side surface of the handle, which is held in the hand of the doctor. At the point of acupuncture skin resistance between the ring and the common electrode is reduced, which is reflected light and sound indication control unit. After that, not moving the handle turns the laser receiving power, and the control unit from the power supply (Unit laser therapy LAZ-EXPERT, the production company PHYSIOMED, Germany; dimensions : 345×155×271, weight 4.1 kg, price 16 thousand rubles) Figl

The disadvantage of this device, as most already mentioned analogues, large wearability and cost, excluding their mobile and home use. The disadvantage of this technical solution is also of annular shape detector acupuncture points covering the aperture of the laser beam. This solution allows you to precisely direct the pen point, because, roughly speaking, the dot diameter of 1 mm is detected by the edge of the ring, and the emission maximum is not less than 2.5 mm (the diameter of the fiber laser beam 3 mm + 1 mm wall rings from the point. It is impossible to reduce this error in the pointing of the beam by using the "covering" ray sensor, as it obviously must be larger than the diameter of the fiber, not to escape it (shadow) ray.

In such a situation, to provide the necessary density of radiation at the point of acupuncture, it is necessary to increase the output power, so even in the face of inaccurate targeting power intradermal reflections enough to impact on the reflex mechanism of acupuncture points (at the device HOLE-EXPERT - 60 mW in continuous mode instead of the standard for low-intensity laser therapy 3-5 mW). While the increase in power leads to an increased risk of substandard lesions of the skin (melanoma), especially with long-term impact is.

It is therefore necessary that all the radiation of relatively low power went out on the AP and do more.

The aim of the invention is to develop an integrated compact device for laser acupuncture, while allowing for the detection of acupuncture points, and the influence of low-intensity laser radiation with a single instrument.

To achieve this goal, the proposed device, as known, has a housing in the form of a handle, which comprises a laser diode connected to the control unit, the radiation of which through the hole on castrandom the end of the handle is brought out. On the lateral surface of the handle is a common electrode connected with the control unit. The control unit is connected to the power supply.

In contrast to the known, in the proposed device the power supply and control unit are located inside the handle at the inner side surface of the outlet is the detection sensor acupuncture points made in the form of a thin metal pin (rod) diameter not exceeding 1 mm (determined by the size of the acupuncture points), one end of which is curved so that is included in the laser beam, and the second is connected with the control unit.

Comparison with the prototype of the proposed device displays the, the proposed device differs from it in that the control unit and power supply are located inside the handle, the detection sensor acupuncture points located on the inner side surface of the outlet and is a thin metal pin (rod) with a curved outer end so that it is included in the laser beam.

Such a Union seeker acupuncture points and the laser beam allows, without losing the detected point, just to hit it with a laser beam. So how is a deliberate hit not required reserve power in case of a miss, as in the prototype, which eliminates the risk of radiation damage to the skin.

As the rod is partially included in the laser beam, there is partial shading of the laser spot and the reduction of the incident point of the optical power. However, since the energy distribution in the cross section of the Gaussian beam, and the rod does not cover the Central region of the spot, the power loss is only a few percent, and much less power loss in the prototype due to the optical loss at the input and output ends of the optical fiber and the thickness of the skin.

These losses is additionally reduced due to diffraction of the coherent beam on the rod, so that the transverse size of the shadow on the spot about half less than the diameter of the rod, about 0.5 mm and Myung what that is

Combining search and impact significantly simplifies the use of the instrument: now any patient, knowing the approximate location of the desired point according to the Atlas of acupuncture can find finder acupuncture points and being just above it, work on it with a laser beam. The parameters of the laser beam (frequency, duration, sweep, average power density) are easily set by the microprocessor included in the control unit.

Analysis available at the author information and this is all available in the Internet e descriptions of all currently known devices for laser therapy, as well as readily available descriptions of U.S. patents and abstracts of Russian patents on laser therapy shows that none of the known objects technology is not used such an approach for integrating site search acupuncture points and the laser beam. There is no direct obvious connection between the bending any rod and precision pointing of the laser beam on the acupuncture point. Therefore, the proposed technical solution is not obvious and involves an inventive step, as it clearly does not follow from the known technical solutions.

The proposed technical solution used in the Russian development of handheld laser therapeutic device Class m shall snowy edition of which is being prepared at present. Negotiations with foreign manufacturer of medical equipment on the acquisition of a license. The planned retail price of the integrated device is (no more than 2000 rubles)that it will be able to buy any citizen, from student to President. Therefore, there is reason to believe that the claimed technical solution will be widely used in medical practice.

Figure 3 presents a diagram of the device. Pictured here: 1 - the patient's skin, 2 - AP, 3 - laser beam 4 to the housing, 5 -, semiconductor laser 6 to the control unit 7, the power supply unit 8 to the common electrode, 9 - sensor detection of acupuncture points, 10 - fingers of the doctor or the patient on the common electrode.

The laser 5, the power supply unit 7, the control unit 6, the detection sensor 9 is located inside the housing 4 and the common electrode 8 on the side, the outer surface of the shell 4, and the laser beam 3 5 exits through the hole at the end of the housing 4, the laser 5, the common electrode 8, the power supply unit 7 and the detection sensor 9 is connected to the control unit 6.

The device comes in the arm 10 so that the tips of his fingers touched the common electrode 8, and the detection sensor 9, the patient's skin in the area of the acupuncture point 2. When moving the device, when the contact detection sensor 9 on the acupuncture point 2, the control unit 6 includes a light and sound display and includes the laser 5. After about what onania procedure, the laser is switched off.

A significant advantage of laser acupuncture is its safety compared with traditional acupuncture: there is no risk of Contracting AIDS, hepatitis and other serious illnesses.

Currently, the proposed solution is used in the laser therapeutic device Class, figure 2, was developed by the Russian company SCD. There is a prototype and is preparing for mass production.

Device for laser acupuncture, consisting of a body in the form of handles, inside of which is a diode laser, the radiation of which through the hole on castrandom the end of the handle is brought out, and on the side surface of the handle is a common electrode, and a power supply and control, and the laser diode, the power supply and the common electrode is connected to the control unit, wherein the power supply unit and control unit are located inside the housing, on the inner lateral surface of the outlet is located the sensor for the detection of acupuncture points in the form of a thin metal rod with a diameter less than the size of the acupuncture points, one end of which is bent so, what is included in the laser beam, and the second is connected with the control unit.



 

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