Smokeless cigarette substitute

FIELD: tobacco industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the process of biologically active and/or aromatic substances volatilisation for purposes of inhalable aerosol extraction in the course of the smoker imitating the act of a regular cigarette smoking. Gaseous products of combustion of flammable gas burnt (preferably - under oxygen excess conditions) partly or wholly, are supplied (in case of necessity - mixed with ambient air) through the biologically active and/or aromatic substances depot. The desirable temperature is selected by the gaseous combustion products content, in case of necessity - by the components ratio of the mixture of such gaseous combustion products with ambient air. The device for the method implementation includes a mouthpiece containing the biologically active and/or aromatic substances depot and a heating core. The core contains the body shell, a filling valve for filling a tiny gas reservoir with flammable gas, a regulator valve for controlled discharge of gas from the gas reservoir onto the burner and the substance converter for air heating with thermal energy generated by the burner. The mouthpiece is connected so that to enable its disconnection from the cigarette- or cigar-shaped heating rod for output of inhalable aerosol. Control of the regulator valve is performed by means of depression suction provided for on the mouthpiece and/or by means of air flow.

EFFECT: new smokeless cigarette substitute is proposed.

19 cl, 11 dwg

 

The technical field

In General, the present invention relates to a method and apparatus for smokeless inhalation of nicotine and additives.

The level of technology

When Smoking regular cigarettes is combustion of tobacco, and the resulting combustion of the smoke inhaled (smoke main thread) or released into the environment (smoke side stream).

The main smoke stream is crucial for harm to the health of consumers, but gives him the desired pleasure. Smoke side flow is crucial for harm to health of passive smokers, which is undesirable both for passive smokers, and for the consumer.

In cigarette smoke have been found more than 4,800 different substances, of which about 70 are demonstrable carcinogenic.

However, until now the cigarette there is no competition that could be taken seriously. The most well-known products, strictly speaking, are substitutes for nicotine and conceived not as a flavoring products, and products that will eradicate the habit.

On the contrary, well-known products that focus on alternative cigarette without its negative aspects, often have drawbacks which severely limit their approval by the smoker.

Common to these products is that they use non-heat of combustion of tobacco, and the other IP is the full-energy release (smoke) aerosol resulting largely eliminated the main source of the smoke side of the stream.

The known device, the substrates which evaporate by means of electric energy, whether in the form of a heating resistor, induction heating or ultrasonic atomizer, however, have the disadvantage that due to their size or weight they have to hold that they are very expensive to manufacture and/or that they are difficult for the environmentally safe disposal of the contents of components of heavy metals.

Were also presented products, the energy which is extracted from combustible carbonaceous solids such as cellulose foam, charcoal, etc. In this case, a common drawback is that formed the smoke side of the stream, although in smaller amounts, in principle, with less harmful chemicals than regular cigarettes or small cigars.

The objective of the invention

The present invention is that as much as possible to simulate for smoker the act of Smoking a regular cigarette. For this purpose it is necessary to develop a method and based on the way the device. Grasping the perception of the device in the hand and mouth should be very similar to the perception of cigarettes or small cigars on the basis of its size and weight. Treatment with the device and its cost should not be very different from the consumption of cigarettes or the same (small) cigars.

General description of the invention

According to the invention this problem is solved by developing a way of escape biologically active and/or aromatic substances in order to emphasize suitable for inhalation aerosol, while the gaseous products of combustion of a combustible gas, which is burned, preferably with an excess of air, partially or completely, if necessary in a mixture with the surrounding air, is directed through the depot biologically active and/or aromatic substances and the desired temperature is selected by the contents of the gaseous products of combustion and, if necessary, by the ratio of the components of the mixture of these combustion gases with the surrounding air.

This way, preferably by way of inhalation nicotinamidase mixture ensures clean combustion of the gas mixture, i.e. exhaust gases composed of nitrogen that does not cause concern for the health, carbon dioxide, water and, under certain circumstances, residual oxygen and, thus, can be safely inhaled. The advantage of this method in contrast to the ways in which heat is transferred to air exclusively through the heat exchanger, is that due to the principle of a device for implementing this method can be implemented with much less what their sizes at higher efficiency and lower production costs.

In yet another embodiment, the setting content of the gaseous combustion products or ratios of the components of the mixture of these combustion gases with the surrounding air takes place by adjusting the flow rate of fuel gas while adjusting the flow rate of fuel gas is produced by the suction of the vacuum and/or air flow.

The described method is carried out using the device according to the invention to more fully simulate the act of Smoking cigarettes, including:

- containing depot (32) a biologically active and/or aromatic substances mouthpiece (3), preferably in form and size similar to the filter wrapping paper cigarettes or small cigars

- the heater rod (2) to provide hot exhaust gas, preferably in form and size similar to tobacco harness cigarettes, or (small) cigars, containing

- Cabinet sleeve (20) with one or more inlets for air and one or more facing the mouthpiece outlets for heated air,

- filling valve (21) for filling the gas tank (22) combustible gas, preferably propane or butane,

the control valve (24) for the controlled release of gas from the miniature gas tank (22) to the burner, for example p is unixnow burner (25), for burning a combustible gas, preferably, essentially with excess air, and

the Converter (26) of a substance to heat air generated by premix burner (25) heat

when the mouthpiece (3) is connected with the possibility of separation from the shape and size of a cigarette or cigar heater rod (2) to issue suitable for inhalation aerosol, and control of the valve controller (24) is created through the mouthpiece (3) the suction of the vacuum and/or air flow.

Thus the exhaust gases of the burner (25), partially or completely mixed with the ambient air, is directed through the mouthpiece (3), so due educated so hot air to evaporate in the depot (32) a biologically active and/or aromatic substances substance, for example, so that they can be inhaled as aerosols.

The advantages of this method based on the device is very diverse. First, is not contaminated by the smoke in the combustion of complex substances, such as tobacco, and, secondly, due to the extremely clean burning combustible gas is not formed so-called smoke side of the stream, so it does not harm to third parties as a result of passive Smoking. Thirdly, due to the fact that unlike regular cigarettes biological engineering is active and/or aromatic substances and their number can be selected purposefully, inhaling from the point of view of health is much less causing concern than in the case of a normal cigarette, and thus can be targeted to eliminate carcinogenic effects. In other words, because there is no combustion in the usual sense of the word, it becomes possible controlled aerosol composition without the encumbrances of third parties.

It is crucial for recognition by the user, the advantage is achieved due to the volatilisation of biologically active and/or aromatic substances (education suitable for inhalation aerosol) solely due to the heated air from the Converter substance, i.e. without heating or even burning the depot through direct contact with the energy source. While suitable for inhalation aerosol in the sense of this invention in principle is a mixture of solid and/or liquid suspended particles and air. Preferably, suitable for inhalation aerosol is a mist, that is, a mixture consisting mainly of liquid suspended particles and air, preferably, to the maximum extent free from fine dust.

In contrast to the known methods, which are based on electric energy source for aerosol formation, in the method according to the invention and based on it the device does not require a powerful battery, which makes the possibility of the Noah lower the cost of manufacturing and creates significantly less disposal problems.

In addition, fuel gas, that is, for example, so-called saikaley gas, preferably propane and/or butane, as an energy source is another advantage of the invention because it is possible the combination of good calorific value and a wonderful eco-friendly. Moreover, the choice of the energy source allows you to access existing infrastructure and experience, which significantly reduces the cost of manufacture.

In addition, the shape and size of the combined components of the unit - heater rod (2) and a holder (3) - provide the ability to use, which is very similar to the consumption of conventional cigarettes. In this regard, the expression "the shape and size of a cigarette or cigar" means that the United parts of the device - a heating rod (2) and the mouthpiece (3) have in principle a cylindrical shape and a diameter from about 6 to about 14 mm, preferably from about 8 to about 11 mm, and a length of about 50-150 mm, preferably from about 75 to about 105 mm in Addition, the ease of handling by the user is supported by very small in comparison with the known weighing devices, so the device can easily be worn in the mouth without the need to keep it in his hand.

Required to simulate the act of Smoking cigarettes or (heaven is isih) cigars small size of the heater rod (2) is possible only due to the fact, that miniature gas tank (22) to a heating rod (2) the scope is limited to the consumption unit and does not require the function of ignition for premix burners (25) in the heating rod (2). Required in the sense of the task of the invention is the ability to reuse the heater rod (2) is ensured by the fact that the device is equipped with a petrol station (1) to refuel the heater rod (2) liquid gas and ignition of the heater rod (2).

The common using cigarettes is additionally enhanced by the fact that the ignition (ignition) (i.e. the start of the combustion process, or the beginning of the act of Smoking) device according to the invention is carried out by suction by the user on the device while holding it facing away from the mouthpiece side of the flame, which in the ordinary case, there is provided a filling station (however, in the alternative, can be used, for example, and a regular lighter or a match).

Thus, in contrast to the known products for inclusion energy source does not require manual switch, and due to the choice of fuel gas as an energy source due to its high calorific value one filling of the tank is enough gas for the duration of the consumption of conventional cigar is s. If there are no refills the tank, the burner turns off itself, thus preventing that the user will forget to turn off the device, and thus provides security. Before each subsequent consumption of the heating rod must be re-filled at a gas station.

This is very similar to prikurivaya cigarettes procedure is made possible by the valve controller (24), which gives the premix burner (25) a sufficient amount of gas for ignition, once the user makes a puff on the mouthpiece (2).

The control valve (24) is controlled by created by the suction of the user of the vacuum and/or air flow. The valve contains a regulatory body, as well as means (241) for the formation of the recoil forces, while the governing body has a first minimum open state and the second open state, while regulating the body is made to move through the created vacuum and/or air flow from the first minimum of the open state against a return force to the second open state, and the means for forming the recoil force is selected in such a way that they can shift the regulatory body back into the first minimally open state.

The advantage takoh the valve is what, for example, in the case of regulation of fuel gas may receive two main operating modes: operating the fire (open) and the pilot flame (the minimum is open).

In addition, once the user creates within the device is sufficient vacuum and/or air flow, adjusting the body as a result of this translates to the open state and the gas can escape. If the gas is simultaneously ignited by the user, it burns in the burner.

Regulation by air flow, in principle, is achieved by regulating the body are obstacles to the flow, which are located inside the air channel and are created by the suction air stream. Regulation of vacuum is achieved when the resulting suction pressure differential before and after the valve stem is used to move it. Of course, both control are combined. As sufficient air flow may, for example, be considered as the ow rate from 15 to 20 ml/s, typically about 17.5 ml/sec Corresponding vacuum is, for example, from 50 to 500 mbar, preferably from 100 to 200 mbar.

In order to place the regulation of the flow rate, the suction at the opening of the valve is stretched tool (241) for the formation of reflexive si is s, for example, a spring.

If the user stops "drag" on the mouthpiece, the governing body of this return force is squeezed back.

So, in this regard, the term "minimum outdoor" or the corresponding expressions "minimum flow" or "minimal cross-section flow" means the state in which flows a small amount of gas, which is just enough flame to sequentially connected to the burner was extinguished. Resulting from this operating state, also called a pilot flame, provides the user the ability to take a few puffs, without turning on every time the burner again, but to spend as little as possible of the gas that goes in favor of the more compact design in relation to the device according to the invention.

Preferably, the regulatory body in the second open state opens the cross-section of the stream, which, depending on the vacuum and/or air flow is controlled variable from the minimum open to fully open, resulting in what is perhaps a more accurate control, depending on the force of suction of the user, or Smoking habits.

In another embodiment of this device, it further comprises between gas re what evrokom (22) and the valve-regulator (24) main valve (23), by the connection of the mouthpiece (3) with a heating rod (2) is opened, and by removing the mouthpiece (3) is closed again. This ensures that the gas can not enter until then, until the device is ready for operation, that is, until the mouthpiece is not mounted on the heating rod.

In another embodiment, the controller (24) can take one third closed state after separation of the heating rod (2) and a holder (3)that is saved by re-attachment of the mouthpiece until then, until the governing body is not a vacuum and/or air flow, which if exceeded, minimum value, depending on the power, put it in a minimally open state, the open state or in a state between open and minimally open.

Due to this, the third closed state may have a new mouthpiece (3) and filled heater rod (2) save to the desired beginning of the act of Smoking, i.e. to the desired point in time of ignition of the heating rod, or, for example, to hold in your hand without gas output.

Preferably, the premix burner (25) of the heater rod (2) is a premix burner for liquid gas, that is, a combustible mixture is formed already before the exit of the nozzle, so that is fully SG is unknown liquid gas. This type of burners include, for example, burners Nainen, Ikari, Matrix or Katalyt and are partially known, for example, from storm lighters and a small manual gas soldering devices.

The similarity with the usual cigarette during use may be supplemented because pointing away from the mouthpiece side occurs incandescent or glow as soon as the user will make a puff on the mouthpiece. This is achieved, for example, by using a metal grid, which is located in the flame or the flame front. Thus, with each puff on the device more and more hot working the flame brings the grid to filament. This grid must be highly temperature-resistant, that is not to burn when reached at flame temperatures. For example, such a grid may consist of tungsten or tungsten alloy.

In one preferred embodiment, the burner (23) in the form Katalyt-burner grid intensity, under certain circumstances, it also is a carrier of a catalyst, such as platinum or palladium.

Because in the process of operation can be achieved, in part, very high temperature, it may be useful to provide protection from overheating, for example, bimetallic regulator. It can be designed in such a way that as a result of expansion when heated it Zack which indicates the control valve and thereby interrupts the gas supply to the burner. This may occur, for example, so that in the extension, it allows the valve to the regulator to enter into an additional (fourth) the state in which the control valve is closed, or in such a way that it returns the control valve back to the third state. Both can be achieved due to the fact that the means (241) for the formation of the return force, for example a spring, is such an effect, for example, by offsetting the progress of the springs that they can transfer valve in the fourth closed or, alternatively, in its third closed position.

Heating of the air required for volatilisation contained in the depot of the substances according to the invention takes place through the so-called Converter (26) of a substance. As for the air you breathe when leaving the depot still had a temperature of 100°C, it is necessary to increase the temperature of the inhaled air, for example, by at least 180°C, the heater rod (2), preferably, contains a Converter (26) of a substance, in which exhaust gases from the combustion of fuel gas at least partially used as heated air, for installation, the required temperature can be mixed with fresh air. For example, 3-100%, preferably 5-50%, the exhaust gases can be introduced into the flow narutosasuke.

Due to the compact size of the device according to the invention it is preferably designed in such a way that coaxially around the gas tank (22) is located one or more channels (27) for heated air, leading to one or more outlets for the heated air. These channels (27) for heated air is directed heated air from the Converter (26) of a substance to the outputs for the heated air, where he planted the mouthpiece goes through the camera or camera depot (32) in order to escape the existing biologically active and aromatic substances to the mouth of the user.

Preferably, when the consumption occurs stimulation of gustatory nerves and stimulation of nicotinic receptors. Therefore, in the preferred form of the device in the depot (32) a biologically active and/or aromatic substances contains as a biologically active substance is nicotine and, optionally, aromatic substances, and, if necessary, other additives and auxiliary substances, such as irritant, such as capsaicin, stabilizers, for example propylene glycol, promoting the volatilization of substances such as ethanol, etc.

In the case of depot (32) with multiple ingredients, for example, in connection with various necessary energies to evaporation, can be reached is output or necessary, to the active substance or substances, if necessary, biologically aromatic substance (substances)and, if necessary, other additives and auxiliary substances separately and/or in the mixture are present in a few cells. This camera can have different properties in terms of size and shape to achieve the desired dosage of the individual components, for example, by changing the cross-section of flow and/or materials depot and. etc.

Because of the above gases, such as butane and/or propane, at stoichiometric combustion, i.e. with a value of λLUFT(air excess factor) ≥1, fully react the carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O), gaseous products of combustion are pure from the point of view of health. Despite this, even when working essentially with excess air combustion can happen, especially when the reactions when the load changes, that this value of λLUFTperiodically becomes less than 1, that is, combustion is partially incomplete, that, in practice, in the case of the Converter substance, i.e. when part of the exhaust gases is used directly to heat by mixing with ambient air, it would mean the presence of minor quantities of carbon monoxide (CO) in the air we breathe.

Thus, one who Orme exercise device provides a serial connection to the Converter (26) the substance of the catalyst for oxidation of carbon monoxide, for example hopcalite catalyst, thereby allowing small amounts of carbon monoxide into not calling fears of carbon dioxide (CO2).

Another aspect of the invention to provide a gas station (1) for connection with a removal and filling of the heating rod (2) device according to the invention, which contains additional gas tank (11), which amounts to a multiple volume miniature gas tank (22) of the heater rod (2), for example at least 100-fold amount, preferably at least 200-fold volume, and contains an exhaust valve (17)is made with the possibility tight connection with geometric and/or power circuit filling valve (21) of the heating rod. This allows the user after removal (or nozzle) of the mouthpiece (3) to fill with the possibility of a new use of the heater rod (2) combustible gas. Without a gas station (1) the purpose of the invention, which, in particular, provides that the handling device according to the invention and its value should not have a big difference from the consumption of cigarettes or the same (small) cigars, completely cannot be performed.

Preferably, the filling station is I (1) is used not only for to fill the heater rod (2), but also to store it when not in use. Therefore, gas station (1) in another constructive form contains a means for storing the heating rod at least partially around the filling valve (17) Jack (18) for storing intended for reception facing the mouthpiece part of the heating rod (2)and move the cover (19), which in the closed position covers the opposite side of the heater rod (2). Because this cover (19) covers, under certain circumstances, still hot end of the heating rod (2), preferably it is made in the form of a heat shield, for example of heat-resistant and preferably of insulating material, so that the user can safely put petrol station (1) with an attached heater rod (2), for example, in his pocket.

In another constructive form filling station (1) further comprises a stirring device (163), for example piezomaterial, which can be set on the device from the heater rod (2) and a holder (3).

In another preferred structural form filling station (1) in addition to such incendiary device (163) contains a valve (162) and burner is the burner (16), for example, the diffusion burner, partial premix burner or, preferably, the premix burner, the valve (162) burner, incendiary device (163) and the burner (164) in this case are a single lighter, which is, first, to the ignition device (heater core) and, secondly, can be used independently of the heater rod (2) as a normal lighter.

In connection with the available small structural space of the miniature gas tank (22) of the heating rod must before each intake completely filled with liquid gas, which should be available at least 90%, preferably 100%, in the liquid phase to the burner (25) can be used within a reasonable time consumption. This gas station (1), preferably of the considerations required simple treatment, should fill the heater rod (2) liquid gas after investing in the slot (18) for storage without instructions from the user.

In order to achieve this, when United and open refill valves (17, 21) stations (1) and heater rod (2) on the side of the gas station until almost complete emptying of the additional gas tank (11) stations (1) the message must be enclosed pressure, which exceeds that required for liquefying the gas liquid vapor pressure. This ensures that regardless of the spatial position of the filling station (1) is provided by filling the heater rod (2) liquid gas.

This is solved by a gas station (1) with a reservoir (11) for the supply of gas, which is axially movable along the path of movement of the piston (12) is divided into filled with inert gas, preferably nitrogen, the first chamber (13) and filled with combustible gas, preferably propane or butane, the second chamber (14), the pressure in the first, filled with an inert gas chamber (13) throughout the course of movement of the piston (12) is sufficient to maintain the gas filled in the combustible gas chamber (14) in the liquid phase.

If the camera (14) with liquid gas is empty, this means that the camera (13) compressed gas occupies all the space in the tank (11) for the supply of gas, and the pressure in the compressed gas is, for example, 3 bar, if the camera (14) for the liquid gas is provided, for example, Bhutan. If the camera (14) for liquid gas fill Bhutan, Bhutan is constantly present in the liquid phase and the gas in the chamber (13) for compressed gas compressed by the piston (12). If, in this example, the camera (14) with liquid gas after filling occupies 85% of the volume of the tank for the supply of gas, the total pressure of the system is approximately 21 bar.

For additional gas tank (11) can be protected against unacceptable pressure that may take place, for example, in direct sunlight, in cars, filled with an inert gas chamber (13) through the pressure relief valve (131) is connected with the environment. Because this increased pressure occurs the release of combustible gas, the explosion hazard is not present.

Camera (14) for compressed gas through a pressure reducing valve (15) is connected with the outlet valve (17), and in one embodiment, the filling station (1) with integrated lighter (16) are connected, perhaps, with lipoglycans the throttle (161), with valve (162) of the burner.

Pressure reducing valve (15) is designed in such a way that the outlet pressure sufficient to maintain liquid gas located behind the system in the liquid phase. Thus, whenever you fill the heater rod (2) is ensured that it, firstly, always completely filled with liquid gas and, secondly, protect the heater rod (2) and valve (162) of the burner on too high a pressure, which is present in the tank (11) for the supply of gas in case of incomplete emptying of the chamber (14) for liquid gas.

Although gas station (1) can be performed as the product is disposable, preferably, if it is sod is RIT filling valve (141) for additional filling gas tank (11), that allows you to re-fill and use after emptying an additional pool.

Of course, the invention applies to the individual components, i.e. performed with reusable heating rod (2), disposable mouthpiece (3)and corresponding to a gas station (1). Preferably, the invention also relates to a kit consisting of a gas station and the heating rod as described above, optionally with multiple mouthpieces.

Only when all three components may exercise device which fully accomplishes the task of this invention is to provide as complete as possible simulate the act of Smoking.

With the help of the device can be implemented following primary properties:

- the appearance of the cigarette (heater core with a mouthpiece),

- emission of nicotine in the main thread, as in the case of a cigarette,

- sensation of taste, as if Smoking cigarettes,

- easy pozarywane or burning in the mouth and pharynx, as if Smoking cigarettes,

- use similar to the use of cigarettes,

- low cost of manufacture, due to this low sale price of the petrol station and the heating rod, preferably less than 10€,

- at least 50%, preferably at least 95%, reducing the content of harmful substances in the side stream compared to a conventional cigarette (exhaust gas: only air + water and CO2),

- at least 20%, preferably at least 50%, depending on the choice of ingredients even at least 90%, reducing the content of harmful substances in the main thread compared to conventional cigarette (exhaust gas (+air) +, for example, nicotine and flavourings),

- the purposeful exclusion of possible hazardous substances, such as carcinogens, as well as the purposeful dosage of ingredients, and the potential emissions below allowable limits.

Brief description of figures

Further embodiments of the invention are described using the accompanying figures. Shown:

Figure 1: schematic representation of the way in the form of a flowchart. The parallelograms are involved in the way of substance, rectangles - individual stage of the way. Thin arrows symbolize caused by the kinetics of liquid-gas flow, thick arrows are caused by the suction air stream. The dotted line represents the influence of vacuum and/or air flow to the quantitative flow of liquid gas.

Figure 2: schematic image of the device components: the article is ncii 1, the heating rod 2 and a holder 3.

a) shows nested in a gas station 1 of the heating rod 2. Refill valves 17 and 21 are open, resulting in dressed heating rod 2.

b) shows how the mouthpiece 3 is screwed on the heating rod 2 by means of connecting parts 27 and 31 bayonet shutter, which opens the main valve 23 of the heating rod 2.

Figure 3: schematic representation of the components of the device; shown as interconnected components of the heating rod 2 and the mouthpiece 3 is illuminated with the aid of the filling station 1.

Figure 4: perspective view of the three members of the device components - the filling station 1, the heating rod 2 and a holder 3, and a box with 3 mouthpieces.

Figure 5: perspective view in section of the heating rod 2 is screwed on the mouthpiece 3.

6: perspective view of the constructive form of (a) filling station 1 with the lid 19 and the heating rod 2, which is extracted from the filling station 1, (b) the mouthpiece 3 before you screw on the heating rod 2 and the heating rod 2 is screwed on the mouthpiece 3 during the ignition process using the filling station 1.

Fig.7: (a) the mouthpiece 3 with inlet holes 30 for the hot air chamber depot 3 and output holes 33 for aerosol and (b) the mouthpiece 3 with multi-depot 32.

Further details and advantages of the invention set forth in the following detailed description of the possible forms of its implementation with reference to the accompanying figures.

Description of several embodiments of the invention

1. The constructive form of the filling station 1 (see figure 1 and 2)

In principle, gas station 1 is used for refueling and, if necessary, and to store and ignition of the heating rod 2. With (nested) heating rod it forms transported hardware product. In one preferred structural form it is an extended lighter, which can accommodate and fill the heating rod 2 according to the invention.

1.1 Structural form T1 petrol stations

In the first constructive form filling station 1 is used exclusively for refueling of the heating rod 2 and therefore consists only of the tank 11 for gas filling valve 141 to repopulate the filling station 1 and the exhaust valve 17 to refuel the heater core 2. Preferably, the heating rod 2 when not in use may remain in the filling station 1 for storage. For ignition of the heating rod 2 or it must be placed igniter (HC is licena footprint in heating rod), or you'll have to use more of the lighter.

1.2 Structural form T2 a gas station with igniter

The same as the constructive form of T1, but with an optional built-in igniter mechanism 163 for ignition of the heating rod 2. However, compared to the structural form T1 no need for the lighter (no increased space in the heating rod or in the pocket of the consumer).

1.3 Constructive form T3 petrol station with lighter

The same as the constructive form of T1, but with an optional built-in lighter 16 for ignition of the heating rod 2. When this gas station 1 can be used as an ordinary lighter, which is useful primarily to those consumers who, along with smokeless cigarette, would continue to smoke conventional cigarettes or small cigars.

1.3.1 Structural form T3 petrol station in detail (see figures 1 and 2).

1.3.1.1 Tank of gas reserves

The tank 11 for the supply of gas from the point of view of the design space is the largest part gas station 1 and the source of energy of the whole system "smokeless cigarette". Made with the possibility of refueling standard lighter gas tank 11 for liquid gas supplies

- built the second in a petrol station 1 lighter 16,

- the heating rod 2 in the bracket 18 to the heating rod, when you press the multi-function cap 19 when a sub heater rod 2, or it is closed.

The tank 11 for the supply of gas is divided axially movable, sealed by the piston 12 to the nitrogen chamber 13 and butane chamber 14. If the butane chamber 14 is empty, nitric camera 13 and the rod 12 take all constructive space inside the tank 11 for gas reserves. In this state, the pressure in the nitrogen chamber 13 is only slightly greater than the vapor pressure of butane, i.e. the necessary pressure for liquefaction of butane at room temperature. If the butane chamber 14 is filled with liquid due to the ruling in the nitrogen chamber 13 pressure and incompressible Bhutan moves the piston 12, resulting in the butane chamber 14 is increased, and the nitrogen chamber 13 decreases. The pressure in both chambers is increased by compression of nitrogen and, therefore, in any state filling butane chamber 14 exceeds the vapor pressure of butane, resulting butane camera 14 is constantly at 100% full of liquid butane.

In order to protect the tank 11 for the supply of gas from the pressure that would lead to the destruction of the tank, a nitrogen chamber by means of a relief valve 131 is connected with the environment. If the pressure in rezé is the storage tank 11 for the supply of gas exceeds the allowable value, the valve opens and releases nitrogen into the environment until such time as the pressure in the tank with liquefied gas again will not be below the permissible maximum value. This system is prevented, on the one hand, the explosion of the tank and possible injury to people, and on the other hand, unwanted release of butane from the tank.

Butane chamber 14 through the pressure reducing valve 15 is connected with a built-in lighter 16 and valve 17 filling the heating rod. Pressure reducing valve 15 is designed so that the heating rod 1 is constantly filled with pressure, which supports the butane in the liquid phase, thereby providing the maximum filling of the miniature gas tank 22 in the heating rod 2. The output pressure of the reducing valve 15 is slightly higher than the vapor pressure of butane and protects the built-in lighter 16 and the exhaust valve 17 from too high for these items pressures that are present inside the tank 11 for gas reserves almost throughout the entire lifecycle filling station 1.

1.3.1.2 Built-in lighter

Built-in lighter 16 is, for example, a premix burner with piezopolymers, as is known in conventional storm lighters. Lighter 16 is used for ignition of the heating rod 2. Also what about the, it can be used as an ordinary lighter.

1.3.1.3 Multifunctional cover

The cover 19 of the filling station 1 due to its shape and kinematics preferably designed in such a way that it performs four different functions: refill the heating rod, the fixing of the heating rod, thermal protection for the burner of the heating rod and the inclusion of lighters. In principle, all of the multi-function cap can be implemented in the form of multiple parts in different ways. However, because of highly integrated approach to the solution of "multi-cap" is preferred as the most elegant and probably the cheapest option.

Therefore, all four functions in this unit must be performed by a lid.

Function 1: filling of the heating rod 2. In the closed state of the cover 19 surrounds the end of the heating rod 2, allowing the heating rod 2 is pressed into the bracket 18, so that the valve 17 filling station 1 at the bottom of the socket tightly pressed against the inlet valve 21 of the heating rod 2. As a result of clamp both valves are opened and the heating rod 2 is filled with a filling station 1 gas until, until you are aligned pressure between the filling station 1 and the heater crucial who eat 2 or will not open the lid 19. Preferably, the equalization of pressure is accompanied by a hissing noise. If the noise stops, then the heating rod is fully dressed.

Function 2: fixing the heating rod 2. The locking mechanism of the cover 19 is designed so that it is attached to the heating rod 2 or without it, by paranagama filling position, depending on the previous state, now or exits a stall. With an attached heating rod 2 through paranagama cover 19 dressed heating rod 2.

Function 3: heat shield for the burner. Cover 19 is designed in such a way that it moves through hot after use, the end of the heating rod 2 (burner tip) and/or leans. It forms a heat shield, which when closed, the lid 19 prevents contact with the tip of the burner of the heating rod 2. In addition, its heat conducting properties, it is designed so that, first, the tip of the burner can as quickly as possible to cool down and, secondly, on the outer side of the cover does not arise unpleasant to humans temperatures.

Function 4: turn on lighters: in the fully open state by paranagama multifunctional cover 19 is driven by a built-in gas station 1 lighter, that is, one is motion activated gas supply and actuates the igniter 163 lighters.

1.3.1.4 the bracket for the heater core

Preferably, the bracket 18 to the heating rod is designed so that the heating rod 2 can only be entered its facing the mouthpiece end planted without the mouthpiece 3.

1.3.1.5 Exhaust valve

At the bottom of the socket 18 is an exhaust valve 17 filling station 1, which by paranagama or closing multifunctional cover 19 when a sub heater rod 2 is hermetically connected with the latter. When the exhaust valve 17 is made, preferably, in such a way that it is in the clamp opens itself and opens the inlet valve 21 of the heating rod 2, so that the gas from the filling station 1 can flow into the heating rod 2.

2. The heating rod (see figure 1, 2 and 3)

Common to the following form of the heating rod is that they heat the air for the formation of enriched nicotine and aromatic substances aerosol by burning liquefied natural gas. The dimensions of the heating rod 2 should not significantly exceed the size of a regular cigarette without filter).

To the burner 25 is connected to the Converter 26 substance. That is, the ambient air mixes with the hot exhaust gas. The ratio of the compound is a mixture, and thus the temperature of the inhaled air at the outlet of the Converter substance, depends on the parameters of the Converter 26 substance (ratio of cross-sections of flow: inlet 262 of the exhaust gas in the Converter substance to the inlet 261 air in the Converter substance).

2.1 Preferred concept of the heating rod parts

2.1.1 Sleeve

The sleeve 20 of the heating rod 2 may consist of one or more cylindrical parts. The appearance of the sleeve 20 attached heating rod sharetoday appearance and forms for consumers covered surface. It is the main carrier component of the heating rod 2. At the level of the miniature gas tank 22 of the sleeve 20 is in such a way that, firstly, between the sleeve 20 and the miniature gas tank 22 are formed channels 27 for heated air and, secondly, the miniature gas tank 22 has a possibility of axial movement therein. On the facing of the mouthpiece end of the miniature gas tank 22 in its axial movement through the sleeve 20 has the focus. In a refueling nozzle 220 miniature gas tank 22 has a hole 221, which, firstly, provides the possibility of introducing a filling valve of the heating rod filling hundred is the 17 to the filling valve of the heating rod 21 and, secondly, forms a flow channel. Radially around the hole 221 koltseobrazno are small holes 222 to the air stream, which connect set around a miniature gas tank 22 channels 27 for heated air with a hole 221 in a refueling nozzle 220. On the facing of the mouthpiece outer surface of the sleeve 20 is installed seal that when you screw the mouthpiece 3 bayonet coupling 28 miniature gas tank 22 prevents the admission of outside air, so that when suction is screwed or fitted the mouthpiece 3, the air force is directed through the heating rod 2.

The sleeve 20 is a carrier component and, preferably, a functional partner for other units and components:

A. the control valve 24

b. the burner 25.

2.1.2 Miniature gas tank

Miniature gas tank 22 is the energy source for the burner 25 in the heating rod 2 and is of such dimensions that the stored liquefied gas is sufficient for the consumption of one of the mouthpiece 3. The duration of consumption of one mouthpiece should as much as possible to approach the duration of Smoking one cigarette, that is, depending on the habits, to be 3-5 minutes On it facing the mouthpiece end is EmOC is nitely valve 21 of the heating rod for filling the heating rod 2 through the filling station 1. This end is, for example, the fitting 220, which forms a bayonet shutter mouthpiece 3. Miniature gas tank 22 is placed in the heating rod 2 with a possibility of axial displacement, so that when you screw the nozzle mouthpiece 3, the reservoir 22 is moved in the direction of the mouthpiece 3. On facing the burner end of the miniature gas tank 22 is the main valve 23, if necessary, the intermediate incorporating pressure reducing valve. In principle, the main valve 23 corresponds to the usual exhaust valve lighters. However, unlike the lighter valve is driven not by fixing the tank and pulling the nozzle valve, and by holding the nozzle valve and pulling the tank 22. Thus, if the mouthpiece 3 is screwed on the heating rod 2, the main valve 23 opens the gas supply from the tank 22 to the control valve 24. Between the tank 22 and facing the mouthpiece end of the sleeve 20 may additionally there is a small spring element 223, if the main valve 23 does not have sufficient power to return tank 22 and thereby for closing when removing the mouthpiece.

2.1.3 control Valve (see figure 2, 3 and 5)

The control valve 24 controls the supply of gas and air to the burner 25 depending on the flow of vdyh the constituent of the air inside the sleeve 20. He is axially movably on the middle part of the nozzle between the main valve 23 miniature gas tank 22 and the burner 25. The exterior of the control valve 24 forms with the sleeve 20 narrow gap. In the radial direction of the control valve 24 is equipped with, for example, a small incision on the inner side to regulate the gas flow.

The gap between the sleeve 20 and the valve controller 24 is designed so that the control valve 24 operates, for example, as a restriction in the air flow. Depending on the differential pressure before and behind the valve 24 is either drawn into the mouthpiece 3, or wrung out of him. The control valve 24 may take two important provisions with the following properties:

Pilot (pilot) flame: the governing body of a control valve 24 is in the ready position, resulting through the valve passes only as much gas to the flame in the burner 25 is not extinguished.

Working fire: the governing body of a control valve 24 through a suction on the mouthpiece 3 is moved in the direction of the latter and now releases enough gas to burner 25, so that it gives enough fuel gas to heat the inhaled air. If the regulatory body from the position of readiness is moved in the direction of the mouthpiece 3, it compresses the spring 241. Spring 241 is designed so that it is no suction on m is ndstat presses the regulating valve body 24 in the ready position.

Due to the different geometries of the holes on the valve 24 possible different characteristics for the burner.

2.1.4 Burner

Preferably, the burner 25 is a premix burner LP gas, i.e. a mixture of gas and supplied through the input 252 of air is formed already before the exit nozzle in the mixing chamber 251, which provides complete combustion of liquefied gas. This type of burners include, for example, burners Nainen, Ikari, Matrix or Katalyt and well-known part of the storm lighters and manual gas soldering devices.

Typical burner Nainen have approximately 0.5 cm above the outlet of the annular nozzle opening with the so-called reaction grid, which is heated by a torch ignition and continually re-ignition of gas through it. Burner Nainen form on reaction grid conical, short, non-luminous blue flame, which at the base is equal to the circular hole diameter.

To improve properties when the load changes between the pilot flame and a working flame can also be provided by the use of three-dimensional reaction grid.

In addition, optionally, the burner 25 is equipped with a protection from overheating, for example, in the form of a bimetallic regulator, which, for example, by extending controls the focus controller and closing the et therefore, the control valve 24 in the case of overheating.

2.1.5 Converter substance

The Converter 26 substance carries the waste gas burner 25 through the inlet opening 262 for exhaust gas in the air you breathe.

The Converter 26 substance designed so that when the suction on the mouthpiece 3 of the exhaust gas is mixed with ambient air so that the resulting mixture has the correct temperature for the cleavage mixture from the mouthpiece 3. It is necessary to take into account the decrease in temperature when passing through the heating rod 2.

3. "Soft"

The term "software" refers to all items and substances that must be replaced after a single use. "Software" consists of the mouthpiece 3 and placed him in the depot 32 mixture.

3.1 the Mouthpiece (figure 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7)

For its size, the mouthpiece 3 approximately corresponds to the cigarette filter, but unlike the latter it does not have a filtering function. In contrast to the filter mouthpiece should not remove substances from the inhaled air, and add substances in the air you breathe. Preferably, all parts of the mouthpiece 3 is composed from 100% biodegradable materials.

3.1.1 Sleeve

Integral or detachable liner mouthpiece 3 is for consumers covered by the surface and the contact surface with the mouth of the consumer. Preferably, it is sobutilnick, sealed against gas and liquid hollow body with openings at both ends. Facing the heating rod end has such a shape that the air you breathe is free to flow from the outputs 221 for the hot air heating rod 2 through the inlet holes 30 for hot air in the mouthpiece 3 and that as a result of screwing the mouthpiece 3 of the heating rod 2 creates a tight connection.

3.1.2 Depot

Depot 32 is in principle sleeve coaxially inside it and is used to store a mixture of biologically active and/or aromatic substances, also called "blenda". The chemical affinity of the material depot with a mixture must be so high that even under storage conditions at elevated temperature from the depot mixture is not allocated. When reaching the operating temperature of the inhaled air (heated air)that passes through the mouthpiece, depot 32, however, should free up the mixture in the required amount and in the form of an aerosol to bring it to the consumer through an outlet 33 for the aerosol.

If necessary, depot 32 in the mouthpiece 3 can also consist of multiple cameras (see Fig 7 (b).

In order to account for the difference between the evaporation temperature, for example, aromatic substances and nicotine may need their placement in a separate depot 32 with RA the different cross sections of flow and/or different properties of the materials depot (heat capacity, chemical affinity with the loaded mixture, etc.).

Due to the fixed position, for example, bayonet coupling 28/31 between the mouthpiece 3 and the heating rod 2 of the flowing hole of the mouthpiece 3 and the outputs 221 for the hot air heating rod 2 can be brought into the correct position.

3.1.3 Sealing mouthpiece

From hygienic reasons and for reasons of persistence (stability during storage) mouthpiece 3 can be sealed. Sealing the mouthpiece may consist of, for example, of two small gas and geostrophically film that is glued to the ends of the mouthpiece and is removed before use. For ease of removal of the film may be additionally provided with a small tongue.

3.2 a Mixture of biologically active and/or aromatic substances

The mixture is a major component of the simulation area, as it contains all the desired stimulus funds, which are released due to a sufficient temperature. Possible ingredients are divided into the following groups.

3.2.1 Biologically active substances

Biologically active substances consist primarily of nicotine and its derivatives, although also or instead can be applied to other stimulating substances such as caffeine and/or taurine. A number of biologically active substances is in the mixture can easily be dosed in the manufacture and could for example, to contain less nicotine than a normal cigarette or small cigar, but when reaching the operating temperature would be allocated the same number as in the cigarette. In addition, can be added vitamins and minerals.

3.2.2 Aromatic or flavouring substances

Flavoring substance is mainly aromatic substances which are approved by the resolution of aromatic substances (Aromenverordnung). For example, as a flavoring agent may be added and sugar.

3.2.3 Stimulating substances

Stimulating substances are used to simulate "scratching" in the pharynx, which occurs when Smoking. There may, for example, find application of capsaicin (gives the sharpness of food products) and/or other stimulating substances in nevysyhayuschih fear quantities.

Promoting the volatilization of substances

For better evaporation in a mixture can be added to facilitate the volatilization of substances such as ethanol, water, polyols or similar substances.

Stabilizers

In order to improve the ability to store and/or to prevent undesirable reactions between the components of the mixture can also be used in a variety of stabilizers.

Other additives

The use of other additives may, if they are used in quantities not cause concerns relative to C is Oromia consumer.

A list of reference designations
No.General designationSpecial designation
1Gas stationGas station
10The casing liner
11A tank of gas reserves
12Piston
13First LuggageNitrogen chamber, compressed gas
131Relief valve
14The second cameraButane Luggage, Luggage with liquid gas
141Filling valveFilling valve butane camera
15Pressure reducing valve
16BurnerLighter
161ThrottleChoke lighters
162Valve burnerValve torch lighters
163Incendiary deviceThe igniter
17Exhaust valveFilling valve of the heater rod T
18Socket storageSocket
19Cover
2The heating rodThe heating rod
20SleeveCabinet liner
201Seal
21Filling valveFilling clap the n heating rod N
22A reservoir for gasMiniature gas tank
220The fitting
221HoleAn outlet for heated air
222Holes for air flow
223Recoil miniature gas tank
23The main valve
24The control valveRegulatory body
241The means for forming a return forceReturn spring regulator
25BurnerPremix burner
251The mixing chamber
252The inlet air mixture the active camera
26The Converter substance
261The inlet for air Converter substance
262The inlet for the exhaust gas Converter substance
27Channels for heated air
28ClutchBayonet coupling N
3The mouthpieceThe mouthpiece
30An inlet for hot air
31ClutchBayonet coupling M
32Depot biologically active and/or aromatic substances
33The outlet for the aerosol

1. The way of the escape of biologically active and/or Aro is oticheskih substances in order to emphasize suitable for inhalation aerosol, when this gaseous products of combustion of a combustible gas, which is burned preferably with excess air, partially or completely, if necessary in a mixture with the surrounding air, is directed through the depot biologically active and/or aromatic substances and the desired temperature is selected by the contents of the gaseous products of combustion and, if necessary, by the ratio of the components of the mixture of these combustion gases with the surrounding air.

2. The method according to claim 1, in which the setting content of the gaseous combustion products or ratios of the components of the mixture of these combustion gases with the surrounding air takes place by adjusting the flow rate of combustible gas.

3. The method according to claim 2, in which the adjustment of the flow rate of fuel gas is generated by the suction of the vacuum and/or air flow.

4. A device for implementing the method according to one of claims 1 to 3, which includes:
the mouthpiece (3), containing depot (32) a biologically active and/or aromatic substances,
- the heater rod (2), containing
- Cabinet sleeve (20) with one or more inlets for air and one or more facing the mouthpiece outlets for heated air,
- filling valve (21) for filling the gas tank (22)combustible gas, preferably propane or butane,
the control valve (24) for controlled release of gas from the gas tank (22) to the burner (25), and
Converter (26) of a substance to heating in air produced by the burner (25) heat
when the mouthpiece (3) is connected with the possibility of separation from the shape and size of a cigarette or cigar heater rod (2) to issue suitable for inhalation aerosol, and control of the valve controller (24) is created through the mouthpiece (3) the suction of the vacuum and/or air flow.

5. The device according to claim 4, in which the control valve (24) contains the regulatory body, as well as means (241) for the formation of the recoil forces, while the governing body has a first minimum open state and the second open state, and when this governing body is made to move through the created vacuum and/or air flow from the first minimum of the open state against a return force to the second open state, and the means for forming the recoil force is selected in such a way that they can shift the regulatory body back into the first minimally open state.

6. The device according to claim 5, in which the regulatory body is in the second open state opens the cross-section of flow, in which hung the basis of vacuum and/or air flow is controlled variable from the minimum open to fully open.

7. The device according to claim 4, additionally containing between gas tank (22) and the valve-regulator (24) main valve (23), through which the connection of the mouthpiece (3) with a heating rod (2) is opened, and by removing the mouthpiece (3) is closed again.

8. The device according to claim 4, in which is coaxially around the gas tank (22) is located one or more channels (27) for heated air, leading to one or more outlets for the heated air.

9. The device according to claim 4, in which depot (32) a biologically active and/or aromatic substances contains as a biologically active substance is nicotine, and optionally aromatic substances, and optionally other additives and auxiliary substances, such as stimulating substances, stabilizers, promoting the volatilization of the substance and so on.

10. The device according to claim 9, in which the biologically active agent or biologically active substances, optionally aromatic substance or scented substances, and optionally other additives and auxiliary substances separately and/or in the mixture are present in a few cells.

11. The device according to claim 4, in which a transducer (26) of a substance, and to this Converter (26) substance connected in series, the catalyst okelani is of carbon monoxide, for example hopcalite catalyst.

12. Device according to one of claims 4, 5 or 9, also including a petrol station (1) for connection with a removal and filling of the heating rod (2), containing additional gas tank (11), which amounts to a multiple of the volume of the gas reservoir (22) of the heater rod (2)and exhaust valve (17), made with the possibility of connection with geometric and/or power circuit filling valve (21) of the heater rod (2).

13. The device according to item 12, in which the filling station (1) has means for storing the heater rod (2)containing at least partially surrounding the exhaust valve (17) Jack (18) for receiving faces of the mouthpiece portion of the heating rod (2)and move the cover (19), which in the closed position covers the opposite side of the heater rod (2).

14. The device according to item 12, in which the filling station (1) further comprises a stirring device (163).

15. The device according to item 12, in which the filling station (1) further comprises a valve (162) of the burner and the burner (16).

16. The device according to item 12, in which the filling station (1) also contains a filling valve (141) for filling gas of the additional tank (11).

17. The device is indicated in paragraph 12, which gas station (1) contains additional gas tank (11), through which the axially movable along the path of movement of the piston (12) is divided into filled with inert gas, preferably nitrogen, the first chamber (13) and filled with combustible gas, preferably propane or butane, the second chamber (14), the pressure is first filled with an inert gas chamber (13) around the path of movement of the piston (12) is sufficient to maintain the gas filled in the combustible gas chamber in the liquid phase.

18. The device 17, is filled with an inert gas chamber (13) through the safety valve (131) is connected with the environment.

19. The device according to 17, filled with flammable liquid gas chamber (14) through which the pressure reducing valve (15) is connected with the outlet valve (17) and valve (162) of the burner.



 

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