Method of prevention transport stress of pigs
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to animal husbandry, in particular, to methods of prevention transport stress of pigs. The method consists in activation of physiological adaptation mechanisms by daily exposure of pulsed low-intensity infrared radiation on the skin surface in the zone of localisation of the biologically active centers (BAC) № 4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59 with frequency of 600 Hz, with a capacity of 10 mW with exposure of 256 seconds to each center, ten days prior to transportation.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the level of BAC biopotential, reduce the loss of body weight during transportation and improve meat quality obtained after slaughter carcasses.
1 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex
The invention relates to animal husbandry, in particular to methods of prevention of transport stress pigs.
The closest prototype of the proposed method is a method for the prevention of transport stress animals by activating the physiological adaptive mechanisms, which consists in the stabilization of metabolism in the emergence of transport stress by feeding in a mixture with concentrated feed for 4-5 days before their transport to the dose 210-230 mg/kg body weight per day supplements, including, wt.%: bischofite 78,75-to 80.85; ascorbic acid (vitamin C) 0,15-0,25; glucose 19-21 (Patent RU №2153802, CL A01K 67/02).
The disadvantages of this method are:
- a great complexity in the preparation of food;
- the need to attract highly qualified specialists;
- the lack of effect in the prevention of transport stress.
The objective of the proposed method is to reduce the complexity, eliminating the use of highly qualified specialists and increase the efficiency of the method for the prevention of transport stress.
The problem is solved due to the fact that in the known method of prevention of transport stress involves the activation of physiological adaptation mechanisms, according to the invention the activation of the physiologically the adaptive mechanisms carried out by daily exposure to low-intensity pulsed infrared radiation at the skin surface in the zone of localization of biologically active centers (BAM) No. 4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59 frequency of 600 Hz, 10 mW exposure 256 seconds on each centre ten days before shipment.
To clarify the essence of the proposed method are presented Figure 1.
The figure shows the biologically active centers:
No. 4 - dorso-medial line of the body between the last thoracic and first lumbar vertebrae.
No. 23 - half the distance between the lumbosacral articulation and maclolm.
No. 33 - in the center of the middle gluteal muscle at a distance of one palm width and 2 fingers width from dorso-medial line of the body.
No. 37 - three finger across Caudalie the middle of the posterior edge of the scapula and four palm width from dorso-medial line of the body.
No. 50 - midway between the knee and the heel bone.
No. 59 - ventral medial line, four finger across Caudalie breast bone.
A source of pulsed low-intensity infrared radiation served as a laser device "Mustang" with a wide range of wavelengths, the radiation frequencies from 80 Hz to 3000 Hz, the time variable exposure from 4 to 256 C. the Device has a keyboard set the frequency of the pulses of radiation and the exposure time, the potentiometer output power. The impact on the centres was carried out by magneto-laser nozzle MLE-1K, creating a pulse irradiation is their wavelength of 0.89 μm. The emission area of 6 cm2.
A biological effect in vivo when exposed to low-intensity laser radiation, which manifests itself primarily in increasing the blood circulation in the area of localization BANG№4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59 and activate metabolism; stimulation of electrolytic metabolism in protoplasmic cells and cell regeneration by increasing ATP production, oxygen consumption, protein synthesis, nucleic acid and activation of numerous cytoplasmic enzymes, as well as a stimulating effect on the immune system.
Prior to exposure to the biologically active centers№4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59 they had measured the level of the action potential and calculated the average. For measurement of biopotential biologically active centers (BAM) can be used by any device intended for carrying out of electroacupuncture or reading biopotential BANG the skin of humans and animals, for example devices of the type LAP.
10 days before the expected date of transportation of the animals to the place of slaughter was formed three groups of pigs of large white breed. The total number of animals in groups was 15 goals, at the age of 8-10 months, average weight 90-115 kg
First, before you can experience the animals were weighed and measured the level of biopotential BANG№4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59.
Lane is the first group was the control.
Pigs of the second group 5 days prior to transportation subjected to daily impact on these BANG pulsed low-intensity infrared radiation frequency of 600 Hz, 10 mW exposure 256 seconds on each centre.
Pigs of the third group stimulation BANG was carried out 10 days before the expected date of transportation in the same modes and doses.
Before experiments in animals of all groups were measured level of biopotential of these centers and conducted their weighting. All manipulations were done in the morning before feeding.
Transportation was carried out using specially equipped for the transportation of animals vehicle brand MAZ at a distance of 86 km to the place of slaughter for meat.
After transporting and unloading animals carried their weigh-in, then after slaughter studied meat quality carcasses (mass of steam carcass yield carcass, carcass weight, carcass yield).
Example 1. Kracka live weight to 104.8 kg was carried out measurement of the bioelectric potential of the milliammeter type LAP in six biologically active sites of skin№4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59, the average biocapacity amounted to 60.3 µa. Next five days prior to transport to the skin surface in the area of localization of each day worked by means of a laser apparatus "Mustang" frequency of 600 Hz,10 mW exposition of 256 seconds. After five days of stimulation BANG average biocapacity in six centres was 65.5 MCA, live weight 105,8 kg increase in the level of biopotential biologically active centers indicates activation of physiological adaptation mechanisms due to stimulation. After transportation average biocapacity was 70.3 MCA, live weight 103,5 kg
Next, it is established that the mass of steam carcass was 69,8 kg, the output of the carcass of 67.4%, slaughter weight 74,1 kg, slaughter yield 71.6 per cent.
Example 2. Kracka live weight 101,6 kg was carried out measurement of the bioelectric potential of the milliammeter type LAP in six WHAM skin№4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59, the average biocapacity in six centres accounted for 61.6 µa. Then ten days before transport to the skin surface in the area of localization of each day worked by means of a laser apparatus "Mustang" frequency of 600 Hz, 10 mW exposition of 256 seconds. After ten days of stimulation of biologically active centers level of biopotential was 70.3 MCA, live weight 104,4 kg increase in the level of biopotential biologically active centers indicates activation of physiological adaptation mechanisms due to stimulation. After transportation average biocapacity was 72.6 MCA, live weight 103,0 kg. Further established that the mass of steam carcasses, were the and 70,6 kg, the output of the carcass 68,5%, slaughter weight and 73.2 kg, slaughter yield increase of 71.1%.
In other animals of all experimental groups in a similar manner was measured biopotential six biologically active sites of skin№4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59, determined by its average value, the animals were weighed before and after transportation, installed steam mass carcass yield carcass, carcass weight, carcass yield.
Data on the effect of daily stimulation of biologically active centres skin№4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59 pulsed low-intensity infrared radiation on the dynamics of the level of biopotential, body weight and parameters of the meat productivity of pigs are presented in table 1.
|Indicators||group 1 (control)||group 2 (5 days)||group 3 (10 days)|
|The number of animal heads||5||5||5|
|The level of biopotential BANG to stimulation, MCA||61,1±1,56||60,6±2,23||61,8±1,92|
|The level of biopotential BANG after stimulation, MCA||61,6±1,87||65,3±2,31||70,3±2,01*|
|The level of biopotential BANG after transportation, MCA||75,3±1,89||70,5±2,46||71,8±1,80|
|Live weight prior to stimulation, kg||to 96.8±2,78||of 98.3±2,64||to 101.1±2,95|
|Live weight after stimulation, kg||of 99.3±2,67||a 99.6±2,48||103,3±2,32|
|Live weight after transportation, kg||93,8±1,88||the 97.6±2,23||101,9±1,91*|
|The steam mass carcass, kg||65,8±2,30||69,3±2,16||73,8±2,12*|
|The output of the carcass, %||69,6||70,6||72,8|
|Slaughter weight, kg||68,6±1,92||72,4±2,31||to 75.8±1,88*|
|Slaughter yield, %||72,6||73,3||74,6|
|Differences statistically significant compared with control: * p<0,05.|
Thus, the table shows that the most effective is the daily stimulation of biologically active centers of low-intensity infrared radiation frequency of 600 Hz, 10 mW exposure 256 seconds on each centre within 10 days prior to shipment. This enables physiological adaptation mechanisms, resulting in increased levels of biopotential BANG, reduced loss of body weight during transportation and improve meat quality obtained after slaughter the carcasses.
|The complexity of the preventive methods of transport stress pigs|
When using the proposed method reduces complexity, eliminates the availability of highly qualified specialists and improving the efficiency of the prevention of transport stress pigs.
Method of prevention is transport stress pigs, consisting in the activation of physiological adaptation mechanisms, characterized in that the activation of physiological adaptation mechanisms implemented by daily exposure to low-intensity pulsed infrared radiation at the skin surface in the area of localization of biologically active centers (BATC) №4, №23, №33, №37, №50, №59 frequency of 600 Hz, 10 mW exposure with 256 on each centre ten days before shipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly to cardiology and laser therapy, and may be used in treating the patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) or patients with IHD combined with diabetes. A method involves standard therapeutic treatment of the disease. Before the beginning of treatment, blood glucose and total blood cholesterol are evaluated. If blood glucose in the patients with IHD is less than 4.75 mmol/l and total blood cholesterol in the patients with IHD combined with diabetes is less than 5.5 mmol/l, laser therapy is additionally prescribed.
EFFECT: method provides proved prescription of an additional type of treatment in the form of laser therapy due to prediction of its efficacy on the basis of simple objective criteria without using expensive examination in the patients.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely physiotherapy, neurology and may be used for integrated treatment of the patients with discirculatory encephalopathy. With underlying base recovery therapy, there is prescribed magnetic infrared laser therapy generated by the "MILTA-F" apparatus of wave length 0.83 mcm, magnetic induction intensity of constant magnetic field 60 mT, exposition 0.5-2 minutes on each zone. Rge patients with atherosclerotic discirculatory encephalopathy with diffuse hemodynamic insufficiency require supravenous irradiation of ulnar vascular fascicles and sinocarotid zones in all pools every second day at irradiation frequency - 5 Hz, radiating power of light-emitting diodes - 50-90 mWt. If the given pathology is combined with arterial hypertension, additionally cervical sympathetic ganglia are irradiated at frequency - 50-80 Hz, radiating power of light-emitting diodes - 50 mWt. The therapeutic course is 10-12 daily procedures. The therapeutic course is performed three times every month.
EFFECT: method enables stabilising cerebral haemodynamics, lipid profile, arterial pressure values, improving clinical neurological semiology, functional condition of vegetative nervous system, cognitive and emotional-volitional spheres.
3 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment and can be used for treatment of tuberculosis, open wounds, ETN diseases and in gynecology. Multiwave laser system contains laser emitter with radiation wavelength 1.06 mcm, with pump system, power source, control system, converter of radiation into visible and ultraviolet region of spectrum on linear crystals, system of isolation of spectrum sections and fiber-optic system of laser radiation transport. Laser emitter is made in form of solid-state driving oscillator with longitudinal pump by semiconductor diode 21, which contains active element 25, made with possibility to generate radiation with σ-polarisation, and passive Q-switching.
EFFECT: application of the invention will make it possible to increase radiation output in IR, visible and ultraviolet ranges of wavelength, ensure small weight and size characteristics and high degree of safety for servicing personnel and patients, ensure stable output parameters of radiation.
4 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly gastoenterology, reflexotherapy, physiotherapy. It involves a conventional drug-induced therapy of chronic pancreatitis. It is added with the antidepressant azaphen 75 mg daily in clinically apparent affective disorders, 50 mg daily in subclinically apparent affective disorders for 30 days. Magnetic laser puncture is performed with considering a vegetative balance state. One biologically active point is exposed to modulated wave length 1.3 mcm, frequency 2.4 Hz, magnetic induction 50 mT for 10-30 seconds. Sympathicotonia requires sequential sedation of the point GI 4 and toning of the points. E 25, E 36, MC 6. Vagotonia requires toning of the point GI 4 and sedation of the points E 25, E 36, MC 6. It is accompanied with transcutaneous magnetic laser exposure at wave length 0.89 mcm with using a magnetic tip 150 mT. A solar plexus area, a projection of pancreas, a projection of gall bladder are covered for 2 minutes. In manifested pain syndrome, the exposure starts at the frequency of 820 Hz to be decreased to 80 Hz. In weak pain syndrome, the frequency of 360 Hz is gradually decreased to 80 Hz. In the absence of pain syndrome, the exposure is applied at the frequency of 80 Hz.
EFFECT: method normalises a psychoemotional sphere, daily chronobiorhythms, vegetative balance state, reduced length of treatment, prolongs a remission period.
2 ex, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely ophthalmology. A method involves introducing a photosensitiser (PS) in a patient's body that is followed by retinal exposure to laser light. Chlorine photosensitiser 0.4-0.5 mg/kg is intravenously injected for 10 minutes. Immediately after the PS introduction, ischemic areas and retinal neovascularisation areas are exposed to transpupillary laser light. That is ensured by laser light at wave length matched to maximum PS adsorption of optical emission. Power density makes 50-75 J/cm2.
EFFECT: method provides the absence of damaging action on the surrounding functional retinal areas, the absence of hemorrhagic complications and developing exudative retinal detachment, stabilises proliferative diabetic retinopathy and enables conducting the whole therapeutic volume for one session ensured by graduated retinal exposure to laser light that covers ischemic areas and retinal neovascularisation areas.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely ophthalmology. A method involves the intravenous drop-by-drop introduction of chlorine photosensitiser (PS) 0.4-0.5 mg/kg for 10 minutes. Immediately after the PS introduction, filtration points are exposed to transpupillary laser light on the basis of fluorescent angiography values. That is ensured by laser light at wave length matched to maximum PS adsorption of optical emission. Power density of the exposure is 20-25 J/cm2.
EFFECT: method provides the absence of damaging action on the pigment epithelium and the neurosensory retina, the absence of extravasal fluorescence as shown by the FAG values, improved visual acuity ensured by gradual laser exposure on the retina within the filtration points.
2 cl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, oncology, and may be used for treating locally advanced oncological diseases in experiment. For this purpose, a malignant growth is exposed to infrared laser light in molecular oxygen absorption band. The exposure is performed in a pulse mode at power density specified to avoid thermal tissue coagulation and to provide generation of chemically active electron-excited oxygen in tissue. The exposure is preceded by introducing the photosensitiser tetrahydroporphyrin-tetra-n-toluene sulphonate at 5-15 mg/kg of animal model's body weight. Then in 0.5-2 hours, a parental tumour is exposed to interstitial laser. And 8-12 hours, the metastases are covered in the range of wave harmonics 690-762 nm or 1270 nm in a single dose at power density 200-300 J/cm2.
EFFECT: method provides higher clinical effectiveness by increasing a penetration depth of the water-soluble photosensitiser tetrahydroporphyrin-tetra-n-toluene sulphonate introduced immediately in the tumour tissue, tumour tissue regression ensured by a apoptosis reaction; enabled use of the method in veterinary science.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, oncology, and may be used for organ-preserving treatment of the patients with initial carcinoma of vulva. That is ensured by sequential intravenous introduction of radachlorine and per os administration of alasensl Then the patient is exposed to distant surface laser light of wave length 662 nm, power density 80-150 J/cm2 and wave length 630 nm of the same power density with using a quartz light guide. The quartz light guide is provided with a microlens.
EFFECT: method provides an adequate anticancer effect, single-step photodynamic exposure, an organ-preserving effect in women of reproductive age, reduced basic dose within the tumour location, the absence of destructive tissue changes within a photodynamic exposure coverage, reduced length of wound epithelisation, shorter rehabilitation and extended indications in women of various ages.
2 cl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine and can be used for treatment of larynx papillomatosis. For this purpose treatment is performed in two stages. At the first stage larynx papillomas are ablated in endoscopic way under general anesthesia with application of CO2- laser. After decrease of post-operation edema at the second stage session of photodynamic therapy with application of 5-aminolevulinic acid chloride is carried out. 1.5-2 hours before the session 3.0 grams of preparation alasens are diluted in 200 ml of distilled water and are given to patient to drink in amount 30-50 mg/kg of body weight. After that, target zone is irradiated by laser with has power 250-300 mV/ cm2 by fibre-optic conductor with cylindrical disperser by means of helium-neon laser with wavelength 632.8 nm. Total energy dose is 150-180 J/cm2. Patient is placed into a darkened room until evening.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to achieve sanitation and eradication of small unremoved pieces of papillomas and long recurrence-free period.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, cosmetology, photodynamic therapy of cellulites. There are presented a photosensitising mixture and a cosmetic method of using it in cellulitis. The mixture contains fat cells and/or collagen of the given patient and a hydrophobic photosensitising agent (PSA) with affinity to phospholipids and cell membranes, however substantially triglyceride-insoluble, such as temoporfin in relation approximately 5:1. The mixture is subcutaneously introduced in a treated region, kept for a period of time sufficient to collect the PSA in cellulite tissue, and light exposure is used for selective activation of the PSA wherein wave length has at least one peak within an absorption spectrum of said PSA. A light source can be specified in diode lasers, light-emitting diodes (LED), one or more filtered lamps.
EFFECT: invention provides direct adipocyte destruction without affecting other structure tissues, fast and long-term cosmetic effects in the cellulite fat tissues previously not responding to treatment with low injures.
16 cl, 11 dwg, 2 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves introduction into a plant body of nucleic acids whose sequences code fragments with desaturase and elongase activity.
EFFECT: method increases content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in transgenic plants.
1 c, 33 dwg, 21 tbl, 60 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves formation of a collar, which consists of vegetable farming wastes and manure of farm animals to use for decontamination and deactivation of earthworms. For decontamination and disposal of waste three types of worms are used, one of which belongs to the compost and the other two - to the soil. The collar is formed on the natural ground outside the building with a height of 35-45 cm. The collar surface is covered with a layer of straw with thickness of 4-6 cm, providing access of air and moisture to the surface of the collar. In the collar humidity of 75-90% is maintained and the collar is kept during at least one field season. After the process completion solid objects are separated from the discrete content of collar.
EFFECT: method ensures destruction of unwanted seeds in the vegetable farming wastes product, and the pathogenic flora and microflora.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to veterinary science. A method involves in the fact that the biological preparation lactoenterol 50 g per a head is introduced in animals before stress exposure.
EFFECT: method provides reduced loss of animal products.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to veterinary science. A method consists in the fact that the preparations E-Selenium and Selenolin are prescribed for parenteral administration 6-7 days before a service (within the first day in estrus) in the form of a single intramuscular injection in an inner hip in doses 0.04 ml/kg and 0.01 ml/kg of animal's body weight.
EFFECT: using this method enables stimulated ovarian and mammary function in doe rabbits, increased number of ovulating oocytes and thereby enhanced fertility, activated colostrums and milk secretion, improved quality thereof.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to microbiological industry. The method involves filling bioreactors with a culture medium into which, after sterilisation and cooling, a liquid culture of symbiotic bacteria is inoculated and nematodes are inoculated therein after 48-hour exposure. The bioreactors re put into temperature-controlled chambers for development of a nematode-bacterial complex. The bioreactor is made in form of a separate polypropylene sack measuring 700×400 mm with 186 through holes with diameter of 0.5 mm on each side of the sack, at a distance of 190 mm from the top part of the sack and on an area of 1500 mm2 with height of 50 mm and 300 mm width of the sack.
EFFECT: method increases output of biomass and invasive activity of nematodes.
3 dwg, 2 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: veterinary science.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of veterinary science. The method includes the provision of superovulation of the mammal that is meant to get at least two ovicells. This method stipulates the stage of using a medication that influences the ovulation, entails formation of several ovicells; sex determination of the mammal male's sperm cells; separation of the sperm cells according to the specified sex; introduction of at least a part of the separated sperm cells into the mammal female's dam after the beginning of the estrous cycle (the mentioned part of the selected sperm cells includes from 10 % to 50 % of the sperm dose that is generally used in the course of artificial insemination); and fertilization of several ovicells in the dam in order to get several germs of the defined sex.
EFFECT: improvement of the efficiency of animal superovulation and obtaining germs with defined sex.
18 cl, 4 dwg, 4 ex
FIELD: agriculture, dairy breeding.
SUBSTANCE: this method covers selection of cattle for reproduction by determination of their productivity level and longevity as related to their genotype and blood. Longevity of productive lactation of cattle amidst continuous keeping and feeding stimulates their service life period for 61-100 days and favourable insemination of local cattle with maximum ј Holstein specie blood.
EFFECT: increase of high-productive service life of cattle.
1 dwg, 2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of livestock farming. The method includes selection of cows, determination of the average value of rating parameters sum: quantity of fat, protein content in cow's milk. Dairy cattle rating is determined by the average value of the sum of rating indices: content of fat and protein in daily yield of milk during the period of increased milking capacity per unit of live mass, stress resistance and completeness of milk release according to the following formula:
where Q - quantity of rating indices; Y - daily yield of milk in the period of increased milking capacity, kg; F, P - fat and protein content in milk, %; W - live weight of cows, kg; SI - index of cow's stress resistance, which is determined in the following manner:
where Q - quantity of rating indices; Y0, Yk, F0, Fk, MRI0, MRIK - single yield of milk (kg), fat content in milk (%), milk release intensity (kg/min.) in experimental and reference groups of animals; Mres, Fres - residual milk (kg) and fat content (%) in the experimental group of animals; MRC - index of milk release completeness is determined from the following expression:
where YM, - machine yield (kg).
EFFECT: method makes it possible to provide comprehensive and objective assessment of certain dairy cattle breeds.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method refers to livestock breeding, in particular to fur-bearing sheep breeding. The method consists in assessing conformation and composition of animals, taking into account the characteristics and nature of adjoining of the skin to the body, i.e. presence of skin free stock - skinfolds. For further selection with other equal criteria rams are selected with a high degree of folding - not less than five folds.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the yield of lambs with large amount of woolfell.
4 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves poultry management from one-day old on a bed in the poultry building. At the same time, the period of its management on the bed from one-day old is 2-4 weeks with rate of stocking of 28 birds/m2, followed by growing on walking up to 6 weeks of age with a rate of stocking of 1 bird/m2, with a feeding space 5.2-5.7 cm/bird and a drinking space 1.8-2.0 cm/bird at an air temperature not below 18°C.
EFFECT: invention provides an increase in slaughter yield of grading of meat with high meat quality.
FIELD: animal science.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with dynamic loading onto cardio-vascular system in animals. Selection should be carried out by the following parameters: , ΔT3 and Δn, where ΔT1 - the time for pulse increase at running, ΔT2 - the time for pulse stabilization after running, ΔT3 - the time for pulse increase after running, Δn - the increase of pulse frequency after running. One should select animals into milking herd at the following values; ΔT3 ≤ 10 sec, Δn ≤ 10 beats/min. The method enables to present perspective evaluation of lactation capacity in animals.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of selection.
1 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl