Mechanism of flow energy conversion

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: mechanism of water flow energy conversion comprises energy receivers arranged on a rigid frame in the form of rectangular planes. These planes are covered with a water-impermeable material. Energy receivers are installed inside a body and are connected to two centres of rotation. One of rotation centres with the help of a crosspiece and a shaft is joined to ends of energy receives via axes. These axes at one side are rigidly connected to ends, and at the other end are joined with a ring. The ring centre of rotation is displaced relative to the crosspiece centre of rotation. The ring is movably joined with a body by means of rollers fixed on body walls. Whenever a ring rotates, energy receivers make circular movements, and angle of their inclination to the flow remains unchanged. Movement against the flow takes place in an air medium.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify mechanism design.

3 dwg

 

The invention will otnositsa to the field of hydropower and can be used to guarantee the Autonomous power supply of consumers.

Known gidroenergoproekt (patent RU №2016220), in which the impeller with the blades and the mechanism of their rotation is installed on the shaft. The mechanism is made in the form of a system of mobile and fixed relative to the axes of the gears with a gear ratio of 2/1 that allows the blades moving against the flow to move with a minimum angle. Movable relative to the axes of the gears are mounted on axes of the blades, fixed - axis wheels. The disadvantage of this scheme is the large number of gears. Another way to convert.

The mechanism of energy conversion of the aqueous stream containing the receivers, which are made on a rigid frame in the form of rectangular planes, covered with waterproof material installed inside the housing and connected to the two centers of rotation, characterized in that one of the centers of rotation with the cross shaft and connected with the ends through the axis, which on the one hand rigidly connected with the ends of the receivers, on the other hand, the ring, the center of rotation which is offset relative to the center of rotation of the spider. The rotation of the ring means that the ring is movably connected with the housing with potomuchto, mounted on the vessel wall, resulting in the receivers make a circular motion and the angle of inclination to the flow remains unchanged, and the movement against the flow is in the air.

The problem solved by the present invention is the creation of a new mechanical system energy conversion stream.

Figure 1 presents the scheme of the proposed mechanism,

figure 2 - cross section in the plane AA,

figure 3 - node ring with the case.

The mechanism consists of a casing 5, which by means of bearings fixed axis 1 installed on the crossbar century, the Axle 1 is connected with the output shaft, which passes through the stern tube 9 for transmitting rotation to the generator. Housing with supports 7 is installed on the ground. In the lower part of the body is the grid 11, which protects the mechanism from damage. Using the axes 13 of the crossbar is connected to the blades 2, which are the receivers, which are made on a rigid frame 10 in the form of rectangular planes, covered with waterproof material, as shown in figure 1. The minimum number of blades equal to 4, depending on the size of the mechanism.

Axis 13, is rigidly connected with the frame, passing through the yoke and connected with the cranks 3, the studs 16 which is movably connected to the ring 4. In figure 2 the dashed line shows the trajectory is of introw axes of the blades, associated with the d-pad. Let the radius of this path is equal to R. On the inside of fixed rollers 14, which connect the ring with the housing, as shown in figure 3. The radius of the ring in the place where the cents axis 13, is equal to R, and the center of the ring is shifted to h with respect to the center axis 1. The h value is arbitrary, less than R and depends on the size of your installation.

This connection leads to the fact that when you turn the crosses at some angle, the same angle turns and pins 16 inserted into the ring, as the distance between the axes of the crank is equal to the distance between the centers and the radius of rotation of the same. Thus, blades, rotating together with the spider and ring are moved parallel to themselves. Axis 13 can be located anywhere on the ends of the blades.

The mechanism works as follows: let the blades are in the position shown in figure 1. The blades, which are immersed in water, are under the pressure of the flow, while the blades are located in the air under the body, no pressure experience. The torque transmitted to the generator. When the rotation of the spider ring, associated with the blade through the crank, is rotated at the same angle as the d-pad, so the blade moves parallel to itself.

The mechanism of energy conversion of the aqueous stream containing Ramnicu energy, which are made on a rigid frame in the form of rectangular planes, covered with waterproof material, mounted inside the housing and connected to the two centers of rotation, characterized in that one of the centers of rotation with the cross shaft and connected with the ends of the receivers through the axis, which on the one hand rigidly connected with the ends and on the other hand, the ring, the center of rotation which is offset relative to the center of rotation of the spider, and the rotation of the ring means that the ring is movably connected with the housing by means of rollers mounted on the sides of the case, causing the receivers make circular movement, and the angle of inclination to the flow remains unchanged, and the movement against the flow is in the air.



 

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