Floor element for modular floor, modular floor arranged with this element and method to assemble such modular floor

FIELD: construction, road engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to modular floors. A modular floor element comprises a panel element, two engagement brackets arranged on the longitudinal side, two shallow grooves arranged on the other longitudinal side, an engagement bracket arranged on the transverse side and a shallow groove arranged on the other transverse side. Brackets are connected to shallow grooves of another modular element and thus are connected to shallow grooves in such a manner that floor elements are blocked both in longitudinal and transverse directions. The engagement brackets are equipped with bearings for easier sliding of these brackets.

EFFECT: improved resistance of floor to tangential stresses occurring in process of its operation.

21 cl, 10 dwg

 

The present invention relates to an element of the flooring to be modular flooring, in particular, adapted for industry, construction of floors for exhibitions, playgrounds or gyms and other walking surfaces for sporting use or subject to strong shear stresses during their use.

Floors of buildings, such as the gymnasium or sports grounds, quite often experience significant shear stresses applied by users playgrounds or gyms, especially if they play sports, such as volleyball, mini-football or basketball. For example, shear stresses can be defined as those which are directed to the floor from the player in football and squash, which suddenly stops and changes during the running direction. It is now known manufacturer of such floors with a continuous coating made from only one piece of synthetic material or from a single sheet, continuing over the entire floor area of the sports hall or gym. If on the contrary want to make the floor of the sports hall or gym by mechanical Assembly of several elements of the coating unit, possibly without the use of systems chemistry the ical attachment, such as adhesive or binder, the currently known systems of sexual tiles, panels or slats to a large extent demonstrated by the above-mentioned tangent stresses caused by users, such tangents efforts seek to disconnect floor tiles, strips or panels, causing rapid and unwanted disassembly of the floor.

On the other hand, requirements for floor stands for trade shows and pavilions allow you to install floors quickly and easily, if possible, without the need for gluing or bonding with the underlying concrete slab, and the floors are strong enough to allow the pin to top of stand structure or pavilion.

Known systems for modular flooring assemblies or similar flat structures are described in the following documents. In the document DE 19940837 elements described flooring, equipped with fastening elements, which protect the elements of the flooring from the end and in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the panel elements, and along the first longitudinal direction. In document EP 1400641 elements described flooring, fitted Groovy joints to prevent separation of the elements of the flooring in the directions perpendicular to the plane of the panel element, and the fastening element and, to protect the elements of the flooring from the separation along the first longitudinal direction. In the document GB 2307260 described the panel to strengthen the soil, provided with incoming covering the locking elements along the sides, which can be included among themselves engaged in the direction vertical to the plane of the panels. In the document DE 10253553 elements described flooring, fitted Groovy joints to prevent separation of the elements of the flooring in the directions perpendicular to the plane of the panel elements, and fastening elements, which protect the elements of the flooring from the separation along the first longitudinal direction. In document EP 1816283 described connection system parquet type sheet containing compounds having tongues and grooves associated with them that allow the connection between adjacent panels in a diagonal direction. In document WO 2006/113228 described connection system floors containing sheet connections (external protrusion and the inner cavity)that allow connection between adjacent panels according to the combination of movements along the perpendicular horizontal directions.

The first objective of the invention is to provide a modular floor, which is particularly stable during use to stress,in particular to shear stresses, attached to the plane of the walk, and which cannot be easily dismantled such shear stresses. The second objective of the present invention is to provide a modular floor, which is adapted to be quickly assembled.

These objectives are achieved by using a flooring element having characteristics in accordance with the attached claims.

The advantages achieved with the present invention will become more apparent to a person skilled from the following detailed description of certain specific, non-limiting character, embodiments of the invention, given with reference to the attached schematic drawings.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, where:

figure 1 shows a perspective view of the flooring element according to the first variant implementation of the present invention, when viewed from the side surface of the walk;

figure 2 shows a bottom view of the flooring element of figure 1;

on figa shows the details of the engagement grooves placed on the first mounting side of the flooring element of figure 1;

on FIGU shows a perspective view of details of the engagement grooves placed on the second mounting side of the flooring element of figure 1;

figure 3 shows the bottom side of the three elements of flooring, like the element of figure 1 assembled together;

on Phi is .4 shows a perspective view, with the spaced parts, parts, brackets gearing and bearing spacer element flooring of figure 1;

on figa shows a perspective view with a spatial separation of the parts of the supporting struts in figure 4;

figure 5 shows an additional perspective view of the flooring element of figure 1;

figure 6 shows a perspective view of the three elements of flooring on 3 in a disassembled state;

7 shows a perspective view of the bracket engagement element of the flooring according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention;

on Fig shows a perspective view of the bracket engagement element of the flooring according to the third variant of implementation of the present invention;

figure 9 shows a perspective view and exploded in space-parts of the bracket mesh placed on the fourth mounting side of the flooring element of figure 1;

figure 10 shows a perspective view handcarts for Assembly, dismantling and moving the flooring according to the previous drawings.

In figures 1, 2 show a perspective view and bottom view, respectively, of the flooring element, indicated generally by the reference number 1, for a modular floor according to the present invention.

Element 1 of the flooring panel contains the element 2, in this embodiment of the invention is made as a rectangular panel the C multilayer wood, forms:

- pedestrian surface 20, is placed to create part of the walking surface of the modular floor, which is subject to the Assembly;

the rear surface 22 (2), placed in the position opposite to the walking surface 20;

the first mounting side 4 and the second mounting side 6, with two mounting sides 4, 6 are generally transverse to each other, in the present embodiment of the invention they are perpendicular to each other.

In the present description, the direction in space, the longitudinal first mounting side, usually referred to as the first direction Y of the Assembly, whereas the direction in space, a longitudinal second mounting side, usually referred to as the second direction X of the Assembly". The reference position Z means in the present embodiment of the invention a third axis of the triad perpendicular axes XYZ.

In the present embodiment of the invention the panel element 2, also forms a third mounting side 40, parallel to the first mounting side 4, and a fourth mounting side 60 that is parallel to the second mounting side 6; in addition, on each side and along the first 4 and second 6 mounting the parties executed a longitudinal mounting edge or tongue and groove (indicated by reference positions 42 and 62, respectively, figure 1), then the AK on each side and along the third 40 and fourth 60 mounting the parties executed a longitudinal mounting groove (indicated by reference positions 402 and 602, accordingly, figure 1, 2). The mounting grooves 42, 62 and the fixing grooves 402, 602 made of such form that they could form together with the mounting grooves and the grooves of the other elements 1 flooring, as explained in more detail further, the so-called "tongue and groove connection (or connection "tongue and groove"), known in themselves. The function of the longitudinal sheet joints to prevent separation of the two elements of the floor in the directions perpendicular to the plane of the panel elements 2.

According to the present invention element 1 flooring for modular floor contains

a) the panel element 2 and

b) first fastening system 44 and the second fastening system 64;

in which the panel element 2, in turn, contains

A.1) pedestrian surface 20, is placed to create part of the walking surface of the modular floor, and

A.2) a rear surface 22, is placed at the position opposite to the walking surface 20;

A.3) the first mounting side 4 and the second mounting side 6, placed transversely in relation to each other, the first coupling system 44, 404 placed for fastening together of the flooring element 1 with the same second element of flooring(1', 1”, 1'”, 1IV) modular floor in such a way as to prevent their relative displacement, at least in the first direction Y of the Assembly;

and the second fastening system (64, 604, 80, 82) is placed for fastening together the second mounting side 6 of item 1 of flooring with the mounting side (4, 40, 60) third similar item(1', 1”, 1'”, 1IV) flooring modular floor in such a way as to prevent relative displacement of the element 1 of the flooring and the third a similar item(1', 1”, 1'”, 1IV) flooring, at least in the second direction X of the Assembly transverse to the first direction Y of the Assembly.

In the embodiment of the invention in figures 1 to 6 of the first coupling system contains two grooves 44 gearing, placed next to the first mounting side 4, and two brackets 404 gearing placed next to the third mounting side 40. Grooves 44 of the gear and bracket 404 gearing placed in such a way that the bracket 404 gearing of the first modular flooring element 1 can engage with the corresponding grooves 44 of the engagement of the second modular element 1' flooring thus, to save the first mounting side 4 of the modular element 1 is connected to the third mounting side 40 of the modular element 1', preventing mutual displacement in the first direction Y of the Assembly (figure 3).

In addition, in the embodiment of the invention of figure 1-6 second fastening system includes a groove 64 gearing, located adjacent to utoro the mounting side 6, and the bracket 604 gearing placed near the fourth side mounting 60. The groove 64 of the engagement and the bracket 604 gearing placed in such a way that the bracket 604 engagement of the third modular element 1” flooring can engage with a corresponding groove 64 of the engagement of the first modular flooring element 1 thus, to keep the second mounting side 6 of the modular element 1 is connected to the fourth mounting side 60 of the modular element 1 to prevent their relative displacement in the second direction X of the Assembly.

As shown in Fig.4-6, in the present embodiment of the invention the grooves 44 and 64 gearing is designed as a shallow groove made by the cutter in the panel element 2 elements 1, 1', 1”; in addition, in the present preferred embodiment of the invention the grooves 44 and 64 gearing have a constant depth. Conversely, brackets 404, 604 gearing contain the ledge, which is a small cantilever beam 405, 605, respectively, mounted on the panel element 2 in such a manner as to protrude from the edges 40, 60, respectively.

At the end of each protrusion 405, 605, respectively, are placed bearing 407, 607. In the embodiment of the invention of figure 1-6 these bearings 407, 607 manufactured as bearings, such as ball or roller bearings, known himself is in itself, and have the function of entry and engagement with shallow grooves 44, 64 thus, in order to connect several modules 1, 1', 1” with each other, helping 4, 40, 6, 60 two different modular elements connected together, to slide along each other. These bearings can be made of metallic or non-metallic material such as a suitable plastic. Bearings 407, 607, moreover, help each bracket 404, 604 to slide in a shallow groove 44, 64, with which it is connected. In General, bearings 407, 607 help the various Assembly modular flooring elements to be assembled, mounted and installed during Assembly, making the Assembly more rapid and less laborious. Alternatively, the bearings may be designed as a sliding bearing, such as in the embodiment of the invention in Fig.7. in this embodiment of the invention, the sliding bearing 407', 607' is made of a simple cylindrical strip of plastic material; preferably, this plastic material has a low coefficient of friction so as to facilitate relative offsets, described earlier, between several modular elements; this plastic material may be, for example, polyamide (nylon, PA), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polite what afterelton (Teflon, PTFE), acetic acid resin (POM, i.e. Polyoxymethylene) and their mixture; such materials may also contain inert fillers, such as 10-20% of the content of the glass.

In addition, these bearings can be made from plastic, but other materials, such as ceramic materials, wood, glass, steel, bronze, brass, aluminum, iron, zinc and their alloys, metal materials, in General, self-lubricating and do not self-lubricating materials. In General, the material of the bearings 407', 607' slide is such as to facilitate the emergence of a relatively low coefficient of friction with the material of the flooring element with which it is connected. Just as an indication, this relatively low coefficient of friction selected from the following:

- coefficient of friction equal to or less than three times the coefficient of friction of polyamide;

- coefficient of friction equal to or less than 1, more preferably equal to or less than 0.5, even more preferably equal to or less than 0.2-0.3.

In the present description specify the coefficient of friction and its corresponding values must be understood as a static coefficient of friction of the material of the above-mentioned sliding bearing with dry steel.

In order to facilitate the sliding bearing 407, 607 on the surface is m shallow grooves 44, 64, these bearings preferably are cylindrical, elliptical, oval or arbitrarily smooth shape, especially on their sides.

In order to allow easy to assemble modular floor, at least, brackets 604 and maybe a bracket 404 are properly adjusted or sufficiently elastic to allow sufficient displacement of the respective bearings 607, 407 in the direction perpendicular to the plane in which the panel element 2.

For this purpose the tabs 405, 605 can be placed in such a way that they can be sufficiently bent in the direction perpendicular to the plane in which the respective panel element 2.

In the embodiment of the invention in Fig.7, in which the bracket engagement 404', 604' is made from only one piece of plastics material, which forms the protrusion 405', 605', bearing 407', 607' slip and dowel pins 408', 608' for fastening the bracket to the panel element 2 by inserting, offset bearing 407', 607' in the direction perpendicular to the plane in which the panel element 2, is obtained by using the appropriate flexibility of the protrusion 405', 605'.

Also in the embodiment of the invention in Fig bracket gear 404”, 604” made of one piece of plastic material, the image is found both protrusion 405”, 605”, bearing 407', 607' slip and dowel pins 408”, 608” for fastening the bracket to the panel element 2 by inserting; however, in contrast to the variant embodiment of the invention in Fig.7, dowel pins 408”, 608” are equally spaced from the bearing 407', 607', while the third guide pin 409 is in a neutral position between the alignment pins 408”, 608,” and bearing 407', 607'. While locating pins 408”, 608” are tightly mounted in the panel element 2, while the use of modular flooring element guide pin 409 is a hole made in the panel element 2, and is free to slide with clearance with respect to it. Equal to the distance of the fixing dowel pins 408”, 608” bearing 407', 607' reduces internal tension bracket gear 404”, 604” and, therefore, the possibility of rupture.

And, on the contrary, in the embodiment of the invention in figure 9, the protrusion 607 is obtained from a small and more rigid metal rod or strip, with the offset bearing 607 in the direction perpendicular to the plane in which the panel element 2, get with the springs 610 and hinges 611, which allow the terminal 605 to rotate in such a way as to permit easy to assemble floor, as it will be explained more fully hereafter.

Shallow ditches the and 64 of each modular element 1 opens on a non-mounting side of the panel element 2, whereas a shallow recess 44 preferably opens or ends on the mounting side 4. Preferably, each of the shallow grooves 44 has a substantially elongated shape and forms section 45, inclined to the edge of the mounting part 4 (figa): this inclined section makes two mounting part 4, 40 two different modular elements 1, 1'which are connected to each other, to slide along the same mounting sides, allowing the mounting protrusion is easy to get up in the mounting groove 402 of another modular element.

Preferably, in order to connect several modular elements 1 to each other more firmly, a shallow groove 44 forms a bend and optionally creates a section 47, continuing essentially parallel or however the longitudinal edge of the mounting part 4, as shown in figa.

Preferably, a shallow groove 44, is placed next to the first mounting side 4 have essentially the same form in order to simplify the Assembly floor.

Mainly shallow groove 64 located next to the second mounting side 6, placed close to the corner or, however, by the end of the said mounting side 6 in such a way as to allow easy access screwdriver CV (6) or other tool bracket 604 gearing, which should engage with shallow to the Navka 64, and thus making it easier to disassemble the floor, as it will be explained in more detail later.

Mostly, as shown in figv so that it is easier to assemble sex, a sufficient section of the second mounting side 6 placed opposite the shallow grooves 64, is made with an inclined surface 606 having a lifting function of the bearing 607 of another modular element 1 and making it easier to insert bearing 607 in a shallow groove 64, as will be explained in more detail later.

Mostly on the back surface 22 of the panel element 2 of module 1, 1', 1” is additionally performed one or more notch 74, in a more Central position in relation to the shallow grooves 44 and 64. In the present description additional groove 74 is designated as "mounting grooves" 74. For example, each of these grooves can be made as shallow groove made with cutters, as moulded or pressed. Function mounting grooves is to allow faster to install and dismantle floor tool, shown in figure 10, the application of which will be described later.

Mostly, each of the rear surfaces 22 module 1, 1', 1”, at least, made two mounting grooves placed, preferably along the longitudinal axis of symmetry of the panel element 2.

N the same will be described an example of a modular floor Assembly, made of several elements 1, 1', 1” deck, as described earlier.

Referring to figure 3, the Assembly can be started by placing the element 1 in the untreated and non-modular floor, such as concrete floor, tiled or hard-Packed earthen floor. Another element 1 is placed close to the first element 1”, pushing this last element in the X-direction from left to right, referring to Fig 3: beveled edge 606 module 1 reaches the bearing 607” module 1” and picks it up; therefore, the bearing 607” easily passes along the edge of the side 6 and is in a shallow groove 64 module 1 (6), preventing the sliding of the two modules 1 and 1” along the X-direction; at the same time retaining groove 62 module 1 enters and engages with the mounting groove 602 module 1”, preventing mutual displacement between two modules 1,1” in the direction perpendicular to the planes in which they lie.

Then the modular element 1' is moved close to the site of the modules 1+1”, causing it to slide along the direction Y in such a way that two shallow grooves 44 module 1' includes a bearing bracket 404 gearing module 1 and the bracket 404” gearing module 1, as shown in figure 3; at the same time retaining groove 42' module 1' includes gears and the mounting grooves 402 and 402 ' modules 1 and 1”, respectively.

It is clear that the three modules 1, 1' and 1” can be collected in a variety of p is the row, for example, by first connecting module 1' and 1” and then attach the module 1 in this site or in other ways.

The assembled floor, made of several modules 1, 1', 1”as previously described, can be disassembled, for example, as follows.

The protrusion 605 peripheral module 1 can be lifted with a screwdriver CV or using another tool, and the corresponding bearing 607 disconnected from the shallow groove 64 adjacent module: then remove the module 1 (6). Dismantling is done by disconnecting and removing the remaining modules.

Thanks to previous ideas have the opportunity to create a strong enough pre-manufactured modular floors that are not separated due to the significant stresses that are created on them, for example, a team of players in basketball, mini football or other athletes playing or involved in sports.

In addition, the modular flooring, described above, can be installed and disassembled in a relatively short time, especially in comparison with the existing modular floors.

Returning now to the description of a variant embodiment of the invention of figure 1-6, 9, each of these modules 1, 1', 1” is provided on its rear surface 22 set of supporting strips 30, which is the panel element 2, being raised relative to the fixed lower p is Lou.

One such gasket 30 is shown in more detail in figure 4, 4A.

The support strip 30 includes a body 31 of the strip, made of a relatively soft and elastic material, such as synthetic or natural rubber. Threaded stem 33, for example, made of metal, partly recessed and partly protrudes from the body 31 of the strip. Metal leg 33 allows you to secure the body of the strip 31 by screwing in the set in the groove of the sleeve 35, which is installed or darker less constantly pressed in the panel element 2 of module 1, 1', 1” deck, as shown in the exploded view in the space of a detail in figure 4. The threaded connection between the stem 33 and a corresponding threaded socket sleeve 35 is properly lubricated and in any case it provides a relatively low friction between the stem 33 and the screw Jack sleeve 35.

When assembled modular floor, several of the modules 1, 1', 1” can be collected, for example, having a body gaskets of different spacers 30 is fully screwed into the corresponding sleeve 35, or with an arbitrary degree of screwing, without the need for personnel whose responsibilities include Assembly, precise height adjustment pads 30 by a greater or lesser extent unscrewing or screwing strips.

With the appropriate choice vysheupomjanutoj the friction between the stem 33 and the sleeve 35 can be ensured, due to the passage of people, such as the public, athletes, players or athletes in General, pedestrian surface 20 due to vibration and common sense use of the floor, screw the legs 33 of the strips, which do not concern lying below the fixed floor, 'm quite unhinged by it up until each strip 31 will not affect the mentioned stationary floor. In this way receive the self-leveling floor, that is the floor, which aligns itself and increases its flatness itself merely by walking on it end users after it is collected.

Threaded stem 33 may even have a standard thread, such as thread M6, provided that its friction with internal thread, into which the pedicle screw up, is quite low, for example, due to its lubricants silicone lubricants, mineral oils, graphite powder or other lubricants.

Mainly the threaded stem 33 forms a non-reversing internal + external screw connection with internal thread, into which it is screwed; in other words, the inclination of the helical line of the thread relative to the axis of the thread is smooth enough so that essentially prevent the screwing or unscrewing the threaded legs, caused by a load applied along the axis of the thread.

p> Mainly to help better the placement of the strips, the end of the body 31 calcination, based on the fixed floor or other underlying material, covered with a layer of material 31A having a relatively low coefficient of friction, in particular less than the coefficient of friction between the underlying fixed floors and a relatively soft and elastic material the rest of the body 31 of the strip; for example, the coating 31A can be made of nylon or Teflon, while the intermediate section V body 31 of the strip may be made of a suitable elastomer having a lower shore hardness than the hardness of the cover 31A. Generally and preferably the hardness of the material of the cover 31A is greater than the hardness of the material of the intermediate section V strip.

Now will be described the Assembly and disassembly of the modular floor, previously described, using the tool shown in figure 10.

Such a tool, indicated generally by the reference position 100 has essentially the shape of a trolley for manual use, installed on wheels.

In its lower front of the trolley 9 is made with a projecting part 102 for Assembly obtained, for example, of sheet metal or plate. At the end of the protruding part to build secured and is directed upward spike 104 for Assembly or any incoming element.

Ship for the Assembly is of such shape and dimensions, which allow you to insert it into the mounting grooves 74 of the modular elements 1, 1', 1”.

Cart or tool 100 place to insert the protruding part 102 for Assembly under the panel element 2, which remains raised above the ground by means of the support pads 30, a simple slip of the truck on its wheels, and insert the dowel 104 for Assembly into one of the mounting grooves 74 of the panel 2. Acting on the handle 106 of the truck, and with promotional shoulder arm BC and BL, while it is preferable that BL>BC, the operator can pick up and easily move the module 1, 1', 1”, and without effort, for Assembly or disassembly of a modular floor according to the present invention; in particular, using the cart 100 having the appropriate size, the operator can take, move and drop one or more of the modules 1, 1', 1”may be folded in a stack, without having to stoop or kneel.

Also, the cart 100 and mounting grooves 74 significantly contribute to quickly assemble or disassemble modular floor according to the present invention or other floors.

Additionally, it is noted that low coefficient of friction coating 31A of the support pads 30 (figa) makes it easier to move the modules 1, 1', 1” with the help of the truck 100, while the strip 30 to avoid or significantly reduce damage or pollution the Oia for the remainder of the panel, when it move with the trolley 100, or when the modules 1, 1', 1” pulled across the ground.

The previously described preferred embodiments of the invention may be susceptible to various modifications and changes, without going beyond the scope of the present invention. Examples and a list of possible changes in the present application should be understood as exhaustive lists.

1. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring for modular floor containing
a) the panel element (2) and
b) first (44, 404) and second (64, 604, 80, 82) of the fastening system;
in which the panel element (2), in turn, contains:
A.1) pedestrian surface (20), placed in such a way as to create part of the walking surface of the modular floor, and
A.2) rear surface (22), placed in the position opposite to the walking surface (20);
A.3) the first mounting side (4) and a second mounting side (6), spaced transversely one relative to another;
A.4) a third mounting side (40)parallel to the first mounting side (4), and fourth mounting side (60)parallel to the second mounting side (6);
A.5) longitudinal tongue and groove joints made on and along each of the four sides and carry out the function of preventing separation of the flooring elements in directions perpendicular to the plane of the panel element (2);
moreover, the
the first fastening system (44, 404) is available for mounting element (1) flooring to the same second element,(1', 1”, 1'”, 1< sup>IV) flooring modular floor, preventing their relative displacement, at least in the first direction (Y) of the Assembly; and the first fastening system comprises first and second grooves (44) gearing, placed next to the first mounting side (4), and the first and second brackets (44) gearing, placed next to the third mounting side (40), and groove (44) of the mesh and staples (404) gearing placed in such a way that the bracket (404) engagement of the first modular element (1) flooring mechanically engages with corresponding grooves (44) engagement of the second modular element (1) flooring to retain the first mounting side (4) of the first modular element (1) deck connected to the third mounting side (40) of the second modular element (1') of the deck, preventing mutual displacement in the first direction Assembly (Y); and a second fastening system (64, 604, 80, 82) is placed for fastening together the second fastening part (6) of item (1) of the flooring and the fixing part (4, 40, 60) the third similar item(1', 1”, 1'”, 1IV) flooring modular floor in such a way as to prevent relative displacement between the first element (1) flooring and a third on the same period in the second flooring element (1', 1”, 1'”, 1IV), at least along the second direction (X) of the Assembly transverse to the first direction (Y) of the Assembly; and a second fastening system includes a groove (64) gearing, located adjacent to the second mounting side (6), and bracket (604) gearing, placed next to the fourth mounting side (60), and groove (64) gear and bracket (604) gearing placed in such a way that the bracket (604) engagement of the third modular element (1”) flooring mechanically engages with a corresponding groove (64) engagement of the first modular element (1) flooring so to keep the second mounting side (6) of the modular element (1) connected to the fourth mounting side (60) of the modular element (1”), preventing their mutual displacement in the second direction (X) of the Assembly, characterized in that
staples (404, 604) gearing contain the ledge, designed as a cantilever beam (405, 605), mounted on the panel element (2) in such a way as to extend beyond the edge (40, 60) of the element, and is provided at its end bearing (407, 607) for a more easy glide brackets (404, 604) snagging on and/or in the corresponding section (44, 64) other similar element (1, 1', 1”) flooring, with at least some of the brackets (604, 404) are appropriately fastened or are sufficiently elastic to implement is tvline sufficient displacement of the respective bearings (607, 407) in the direction perpendicular to the plane in which the panel element (2), for easy Assembly of the modular floor.

2. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 1, in which the first direction (Y) of the Assembly is parallel or co-planar walking surface (20) and transverse to the first mounting side (4).

3. The flooring element according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the second direction (X) of the Assembly is parallel or co-planar walking surface (20) and second transverse mounting side (6).

4. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 1, in which the clip (404, 604) gearing includes a protrusion (405, 605), which is fixed to the bearing (407, 607).

5. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 4, in which the bearing (407, 607) contains one or more elements selected from the following list:
the rolling bearing;
the sliding bearing;
- body made of self-lubricating material;
- body made of polyamide (nylon, PA), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon, PTFE), acetic acid resin (POM, i.e. Polyoxymethylene), and their mixtures;
- body made of plastic material having a friction coefficient equal to +30% from the coefficient of friction of Teflon or nylon;
- body made of wood, glass, ceramic materials, steel, bronze, brass, aluminum, iron, zinc and their respective CPF is Bob metals in General;
- material having a coefficient of friction with the material of the flooring element with which it is connected, is equal to or less than 1;
- material having a coefficient of friction with the material of the flooring element with which it is connected, is equal to or less than three times the coefficient of friction of polyamide (nylon, PA) or polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon, PTFE):
- essentially cylindrical body, placed in such a way that its side edges are engaged and slide on and/or in the corresponding section (44, 64) other similar element (1, 1', 1”) flooring;
the pin placed for entry into gear and slip on and/or in the corresponding area (44, 64) other similar element (1, 1', 1”) flooring;
a pin having a circular, oval or elliptical cross-section;
- pin the side edges of which form a surface of revolution.

6. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 1, in which the groove of the gear (44, 64) has an essentially elongated shape.

7. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 1, in which the groove (44) gearing includes a first section (45), continuing the transverse edge of the element (2) flooring, which is closest to the groove (44) of the engagement.

8. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 7, in which the groove (44) contains the second engagement section (47), an ongoing longitudinal edge of the element (2) deck, closest to the groove (44) sacale the Oia.

9. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 1, in which the groove (44) gearing forms a bend or shoulder.

10. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring according to claim 1, which includes a support pad (30)is placed to hold the panel element (2) and position it at a distance from the surface on which the support strip (30).

11. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring of claim 10, containing a set of reference strips (30), and at least some of the supporting strips (30) are attached to the panel element (2) via a threaded connection (33, 35), with screw connection (33, 35) is placed with the possibility of unscrewing corresponding support strip (30) during use of the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring and contacting with the surface on which the other of the support strip (30).

12. The element (1, 1', 1”) flooring of claim 10 or 11, in which the support strip (30) is made with the body gasket (31), which, in turn, includes a support end (31A) and an intermediate section (V)connecting the base end (31A) and the panel element (2), while supporting the end (31A) posted by slidable on the surface on which the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring, with less friction than the friction between such surface and intermediate section (V).

13. A method of creating a self-leveling floor, containing the steps on the cat is ryh exercise:
- creation of many elements of the flooring according to any one of claims 1 to 12 claims;
- an Assembly referred to many elements of the flooring thus, to obtain the self-leveling floor.

14. The method according to item 13, containing the following steps are carried out:
- perform a variety of support strips (30) on the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring and attaching at least one support strip (30) to the panel element (2) via a threaded connection (33, 35);
- lubrication of threaded connections (33, 35) in such a way as to enable appropriate support pad (30) to razvenchivaya during use of the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring and to contact a surface on which are other supporting strip (30).

15. The method according to 14, containing the following steps, which are:
- cause unscrewing of the threaded connection (33, 35), at least one control strip (30) self-leveling floor by creating vibrations in sambiranensis the floor.

16. The way to move items of flooring that contains the following stages, which are:
create the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring in one or more of claims 1 to 12;
- perform a trolley (100) to move placed to ride on the surface on which the element (1, 1', 1”) is, or should be, and provided with a projecting part (102) to move smeshannoi for entry into the engagement and lifting of the rear surface (22) of the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring;
- down protruding portion to move (102) under the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring and carry out its occurrence in engagement with the rear surface (22).

17. The way to move items of flooring on article 16, which contains the phase in which the moving element (1, 1', 1”) flooring by entering into the engagement protruding part (102) to move from the rear side (22) of the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring.

18. The method according to item 16 or 17, containing a stage, on which the occurrence engages the protruding part to move (102) with the element (1, 1', 1”) flooring with incoming/span connection.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: slab panels are proposed, which are equipped with a system of mechanical blocking at long and short edges, making it possible to install them by rotation of long edges, and where the system of short edges blocking has a displaced ridge, which may be displaced substantially in one direction from the inner unlocked position to the final locked position.

EFFECT: increased accuracy of slab panels locking.

26 cl, 26 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: panel is made with a core from wood material or wood-plastic mixture, with an upper side and a lower side. Panel fixation in the horizontal direction (H) is done by means of a hook joint with an upper fixing section having a hook element and a lower fixing section having a hook element. Fixation in the vertical direction (V) is done by means of at least one elastic element made as capable of displacement in the horizontal direction (H). The elastic element during a connection movement is latched to a fixing edge passing substantially in the horizontal direction (H). At least one elastic element is made from a core as solid, and at least one elastic element is made on the lower fixing section.

EFFECT: reduced labour expenses in manufacturing and installation of a panel.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: panel at least on two side faces arranged oppositely to each other has the same profiling as two identically made panels arranged as capable of interlocking with each other in horizontal and vertical directions by means of a vertical connection movement. Interlocking in the vertical direction is provided due to a solid elastic element made from a core on a side face. The elastic element is latched to an interlocking edge stretching substantially into the horizontal direction.

EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of the floor.

6 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: elements of flooring include decorative patterns produced by mechanical stamping with combination of surfaces texture, periphery with a groove and mechanisms or fixation facilities. By arrangement of parts of decorative patterns along edges of the flooring element it is possible to form a periodical pattern of flooring, having dimensions that are larger than dimensions of a separate flooring element, through arrangement of identical flooring elements near each other in horizontal direction and next to each other in vertical direction.

EFFECT: reduction of labour costs during installation of flooring elements having decorative patterns.

10 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device for production of a building panel with pressed and rounded edges comprising a pressing element with a lubricating device that supplies lubricant into the pressing zone, a heating accessory.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to increase efficiency of manufacturing floor panels with the rounded edge.

21 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: adjustable structure comprises a set of elements, comprising a group of bearing guide shaped elements, universal bearing insert elements, bearing seat-thrust insert elements, adjusted through thrust hollow stands and support inserts that vary in their functional purpose but are joined to each other by a single structural-technical solution with the possibility of multi-version combining.

EFFECT: assembling accuracy improvement.

32 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: there proposed is locking system and set of floor panels, which create the connection of the edge by means of combination lock with two different types of connecting devices.

EFFECT: reducing labour intensity at assembly of panels.

26 cl, 12 dwg

Shelf floor // 2435009

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: shelf floor comprises flooring (2) and passing parallel to it with a support zone (3), which comprises a support profile (4) with two shelves (5,6), besides, the first shelf (6) passes mainly in parallel to flooring (2), and shelves (5, 6) are formed, accordingly, by means of mainly parallel arranged sections (7, 8 and 9,10). The novelty is the fact that the first shelf (6) and the second shelf (5) in a cross section form together a T-shaped form, besides, sections (7-10) of the shelves are accordingly made by means of roller forming and/or bending.

EFFECT: improved loading capacity and strength during bending of special floor, seamless surface of flooring.

8 cl, 2 dwg

Floor coating // 2418925

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: floor coating consists of hard floor panels, which at least at edges of two opposite sides are equipped with connecting elements interacting with each other. Connecting elements are equipped with mechanical locking facilities that make a unit, which prevent opening of two connecting floor panels in direction perpendicular to appropriate edges and parallel to the lower surface of the connecting floor panels.

EFFECT: improved operational properties of floor.

15 cl, 25 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: panel part of raised floor covering comprises support layer and upper working layer, which are strongly attached to each other. In panel part there is a through hole for installation of device, comprising side wall, passing along wall of hole, which determines through seat in panel for assembly of various auxiliary types of reinforcement. Device comprises edge at sides, which is enclosed between support layer and working layer.

EFFECT: reduced labour inputs in manufacturing and assembly of raised floor.

23 cl, 11 dwg

Sectional floor // 2245971

FIELD: building, particularly floor structures in rooms adapted for electronic and electrical equipment installation.

SUBSTANCE: floor comprises height-adjustable stands with support plates to which beams with panels are connected. Each support plate has slots located in crosswise manner and opened from peripheral part thereof. Support plate is provided with covering plate having central orifice, cuts arranged in crosswise manner along its perimeter and radial extensions dividing covering plate into four equal segments. Panel plate corners rest upon segment surfaces. Covering plate has metal strips crossing at the 90o angle and disposed from lower side thereof. Two pair of slots are formed between covering plate cuts and extend in annular direction. Metal strip ends passing through above slots are bent on outer side of covering plate.

EFFECT: increased operational performance.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly adjustable floor supports.

SUBSTANCE: support comprises combined post including rod with outer thread connected to circular ring support plate and hollow tubular member connected to lower plate secured to floor underlay. Support plate has pair of slots arranged along plate perimeter in crosslike manner and provided with covering plate having central orifice. Covering plate comprises radial extensions for floor panels installation and cuts arranged in crosslike manner to provide free beam installation in mating slots of support plate. Hollow tubular member of post has inner thread engaging mating rod thread. Hollow tubular member diameter is equal to 0.2 - 0.3 of support plate diameter. Covering plate is provided with two metal strips crossing each other in central orifice area thereof. Two opposite pair of slots are made between covering plate cuts. Ends of metal strip pass through above slots and are bent on outer surface of covering plate.

EFFECT: improved service performance.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly adjustable supports for raised floor or double-floor structures.

SUBSTANCE: set comprises threaded rod with nut screwed on rod, short cylindrical member connected to plate by one end thereof and replaceable cylindrical head having inner conical surface. Difference between head end diameters is 0.4 - 0.6 mm. Method of support assembling involves placing cylindrical member on floor; putting replaceable head on cylindrical member and inserting threaded rod in head.

EFFECT: extended range of technical capabilities along with maintaining high connection reliability.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly composite raised floors made of panels and defining space for laying electric cables and/or providing ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: support comprises rod fixedly secured to support panel and body formed as sleeve and having support flange on the first end and cylindrical flange on another one. Cylindrical flange may be axially displaced and fixed on rod. Sleeve side has part with curvilinear surface extending over at least half of sleeve length defined by flanges. Curvilinear surface is formed by rotation of second-order line segment around support axis.

EFFECT: increased strength characteristics, particularly directional stability of support body subjected to axial alternating loads when temporary compression force is applied to support body.

19 cl, 6 dwg

Raised floor panel // 2250316

FIELD: building, particularly raised floor panels installed on adjustable supports and used for assembling floors in rooms equipped with computer or other electronic devices.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes inner load-bearing layer of resin-bonded chipboard material, upper and lower layers of sheet metal. At least two opposite sides of inner load-bearing layer are impregnated with primer and aqueous glue is applied to the sides. Above sides are then covered with polyvinylchloride coating. Primer and aqueous glue are acrylic-based and include dag. Inner layer comprises at least two layers with increased density cooperating with upper and lower panel layers. Electric resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 Ohm.

EFFECT: improved service properties and increased panel rigidity.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly raised floors in offices adapted for heavy equipment installation.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes tray-like metal member forming panel base and side walls having folded inwards edges extending in parallel to panel base. Arranged inside tray is load-bearing layer covered with metal sheet. Load-bearing layer has non-uniform density along height thereof and includes groove extending along layer perimeter. Metal sheet has peripheral extension formed in lower side thereof and cooperating with groove. Folded edges are connected with metal sheet in area of contact between extensions and grooves, outer surfaces thereof are in plane with outer surface of metal sheet connected to inner load-bearing layer by depressions and/or glue.

EFFECT: increased load bearing capacity and rigidity.

8 cl, 3 dwg

Raised floor panel // 2250318

FIELD: building, particularly raised floors for offices equipped with computers.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes bearing plate of timber-based material enclosed with metal shell from all plate sides. Shell is formed as two boxes, namely upper and lower ones. Each box has rectangular part defining upper and lower panel sides, and side edges folded along rectangular part perimeter. Folded side edges extend over half of end panel side height. Area of rectangular part of upper box exceeds that of lover part by (4-5)δ value, where δ is thickness of upper box. Folded side edges of upper and lower boxes are equal in height. End parts of adjacent side edges of each end plate side are pressed together in overlapped manner.

EFFECT: improved antistatic properties of raised floor, increased reliability of panel connection.

7 cl, 2 dwg

False floor panel // 2252993

FIELD: building units, particularly false floors elevated above base and supported by adjustable supports.

SUBSTANCE: false floor defining a chamber for communication lines consists of panels. Floor panel comprises inner load-bearing layer of flakeboard, upper decorative layer of vinyl plastics and lower layer of sheet material. At least two opposite side surfaces of inner layer are impregnated with priming agent and aqueous adhesive is applied on above surfaces to which polyvinylchloride coating is further connected. Priming agent and aqueous adhesive are formed on acrylic base and dag is added to above substances. Inner layer includes at least two high-density sub-layers contacting with upper and lower panel layers. Electrical resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 ohm.

EFFECT: increased strength of floor panel.

10 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.

SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.

EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.

6 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly floor, ceiling and wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: support includes square lower bearing plate made of flexible metal sheet material and upper bearing plate. The plates have central orifices. Central orifice of lower plate comprises rod receiving recess and is surrounded with annular depression having depth not exceeding sheet thickness. Central orifice of upper plate comprises flange. The plates are provided with radial grooves located so that convex surfaces thereof face each other. Depression and grooves have oval cross-section and oval or wavy cross-sections in connection areas in-between. Upper plate is made of the same material as the lower one. Orifices for fastening members receiving formed in lower plate and holes for gasket fixing made in upper plate are coaxial and created along stiffening ribs extending along square diagonals.

EFFECT: increased support resistance and strength thereof along with reduced material consumption, decreased mass and simplified manufacture.

14 cl, 6 dwg

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