Cabinet of plant growth
SUBSTANCE: cabinet contains a glased working chamber with a glased front door to observe the plants, light sources, located on the outer side of the working chamber, an air preparation unit and a control unit. The inner surface of the door is equipped with a mirror coating with a given light-transmission factor.
EFFECT: increased lighting is provided inside the working chamber without using extra energy consumption.
2 cl, 1 tbl
The invention relates to the field of laboratory equipment to conduct scientific research with biological objects (plants, insects and so on) in an artificial climate. Can be used to study the effect of climatic factors on the processes taking place in biological objects, as well as for breeding with plants, the development of measures of protection of plants from pests using insect entomophages, etc.
Known cabinets, install, camera plant growth differ mainly in the number of playable climatic factors from among the following: light, temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide content, air velocity [1, 2]. The main components of such devices are glazed a working camera with a useful space for the studied objects, light sources, the air treatment module and the control unit . Due to the fact that at the location of the light sources inside the working chamber in heat converted 100% of their installed capacity, the most widespread devices for mounting light sources behind the glass enclosure of the working chamber. With this arrangement, in the working chamber penetrates only about 35% of energy . The closest analogue of the invention is to install microclimate vegetation is , containing glazed working chamber with glazed front door to monitor the plants, the light sources with mirror reflectors located on the outer side of the working chamber, the air treatment module and the control unit. The excess heat from the lamps is removed by the air conditioning unit air preparation. One of the most important climatic factors is light, because of photosynthesis in plants is their livelihood. Therefore, one of the main requirements to the devices artificial climate for plants is to provide the required illumination of the working chamber. In known devices, this is achieved by increasing the number of light sources, that is, by increasing energy consumption, that is their fault.
The aim of the invention is to increase the illumination of plants without additional energy costs.
This goal is achieved by the fact that Cabinet plant growth, containing glazed working chamber with glazed front door to monitor the plants, the light sources arranged on the outer side of the working chamber, the air treatment module and the control unit, the inner surface of the door provided with a mirror coating with a specified light transmittance, which is made in the form of pasted polymeric mirror plank is. Illumination in the working chamber is increased by reducing the loss of light radiation through the front door. And due to the fact that the mirror film is partially transmits the light remains and the possibility to observe the plants, without opening the door and not thus disrupting the established temperature-humidity conditions in the chamber. It is obvious that the additional cost of energy in this case does not occur, as there is no additional consumers.
Figure 1 shows the Cabinet plant growth; figure 2 - the same, with the door open; figure 3 - the same, with views of the sensors.
Wardrobe plant growth contains glazed the working chamber 1 with glazed front door 2, the inner side of which is pasted to the mirror plastic film 3. Inside the Cabinet there are four removable grid shelves 4 to install plants. On the outer side of the working chamber on the ceiling and three sides (two side and one back) are sources of light - the seven lamps 5 fluorescent lamps. Working the camera is mounted on the air treatment module 6, which contains actuators: air conditioner (cooler, heater and ultrasonic humidifier. Ceiling unit air preparation is the bottom of the working chamber after installing it on the air treatment module and has two longitudinal slits along Bo the new sides for air circulation. In the air treatment module is mounted, the control unit 7, basic elements of which are programmable in time, temperature controller, humidity, lighting 8 and the temperature sensors and humidity 9 and 10.
The work of the Cabinet of plant growth is to maintain the given parameters of the microclimate in the working chamber 1 with the aid of lamps 5, air-conditioner, heater, humidifier air treatment module 6, which is turned on and off under the control of the controller 8 based on the specified program values of temperature, humidity, time of switching on (off) lamps 5 and the current values of temperature, humidity and time received from the temperature sensor 9, the humidity sensor 10 and the timer of the controller 8. Illumination in the working chamber is created by lamps lamps 5 and the light reflected from the mirror of the polymer film 3 on the front door 2. The air circulates under the action of the fan of the air conditioner or heater unit air preparation 6.
The invention can be implemented using the following components. The frames of the working chamber 1 and the removable door 2 can be made of painted aluminium profile type CONSTA-SIB. The glazing of the window glass 4 mm thick with shlifovannymi edges with the use of the U-shaped plastic seals. As svetilniki can be applied to a standard type TL418-1A four fluorescent lamps 18 W with a special spectrum for plant type L18WW/77 FLUORA. To play the required values of temperature, humidity and light can be applied microprocessor software controller MPR-S ARIES, two resistance thermometer TC 034-50 M ARIES (one for measuring humidity with the psychrometric method) and actuators: air conditioning type LWJ0561ACG (LG, South Korea), fan REN 2036 and type humidifier PUH 1104 (both firm POLARIS, USA). The mirror coating on the inner surface of the door may be accomplished by gluing polymeric mirror film Llumar brand, for example, type R15GSRCDF (grey, with light transmission 15%). In addition to improving illumination in the working chamber SLR film reduces the negative effects of bright light from the back of the lamps through the door on the eyes of the researcher conducting experiments with plants.
The results of the measurement light on the shelves of the working chamber using a light meter "TKA-SUITE" with a mirror coating on the door and without it in the table.
|Light values in the center of the shelves of the working chamber|
|The number of shelves||1 (bottom)||2||3/td>||4 (top)|
|without the mirror cover door||5530||5310||7900||7150|
The table shows that mirror door illumination increases by 10 to 17 percent depending on the height of the control point.
Sources of information
1. Garden A.F., Tips VP artificial climate. - M.: Agropromizdat, 1985. - 72 S., Il.
2. Kurez V.K. Popov, EG statistical modeling system links the plant environment. - L.: Nauka, 1991. - 152 C.
3. The patent for an industrial sample # 54275. Installation microclimate vegetation.
1. Wardrobe plant growth, containing glazed working chamber with glazed front door to monitor the plants, the light sources arranged on the outer side of the working chamber, the air treatment module and the control unit, characterized in that the inner surface of the door provided with a mirror coating with a specified light transmittance.
2. Wardrobe plant growth according to claim 1, otlichayushiesya, that mirror finish made in the form of pasted polymeric mirror film.
SUBSTANCE: system comprises water-distribution devices, by means of which water, which is colder than dew point of greenhouse air, is sprayed directly into air space of greenhouse. Parametres of devices are such that their use makes it possible to spray at least 50 litres of water per m2 of greenhouse area per hour into air space of greenhouse. System additionally comprises water-collecting device to collect water sprayed into air space of greenhouse and to return it at least partially to specified devices of system. Method is characterised by the fact that air is cooled and dried directly in air space of greenhouse by supplying water, which is colder than dew point of greenhouse air by means of spraying or otherwise. Volume of water supplied per unit of time and temperature have such parametres that as supplied water passes through air space of greenhouse, more moisture is condensed in it from greenhouse air than amount of water, which is evaporated from it into greenhouse air. Volume of water supplied per unit of time sprayed into air space makes at least 50 litres of water per m2 of greenhouse area per hour. Some water supplied to air space of greenhouse is returned for repeated circulation in air space of greenhouse. Greenhouse comprises water-distribution devices to supply water, which is colder than dew point of greenhouse air, into air space of greenhouse. Parametres of specified devices are arranged so that quantity of specified water used for cooling is more than 50 litres per m2 of greenhouse area per hour. Greenhouse additionally comprises water-collecting devices, using which, at least one water, falling or passing through air space, is used repeatedly, and devices, using which, at least some reused water is again supplied into air space of greenhouse.
EFFECT: simplified process and reduced operational expenses to monitor moisture and temperature of air in greenhouse.
18 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises three serially coupled layers that are tightly joined. Upper layer is arranged as non-transparent and light-absorbing, middle layer - in the form of heat accumulator, material of which has alternating heat conductive properties, and lower layer is arranged as highly heat-conducting. Device contains temperature sensor in the form of controlling thermocouple installed into protected ground and connected to heat accumulator.
EFFECT: device makes it possible to automate monitoring, control and maintenance of required temperature condition of protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: vegetation installation contains a hollow cylindrical chamber, a domed wall and a floor consisting of an outer dismountable translucent wall and an inner stationary translucent wall with sources of light mounted between them. The sources of light are of the spot-type and are separated with horizontal partitions forming rectangular sections horizontally. In the section lower, middle and upper rows spot sources of blue, green and red light are accordingly arranged. Opposite each rectangular section light-diffusing panels are arranged along the perimeter inside the hollow cylindrical chamber between racks with plants and the inner stationary translucent wall.
EFFECT: invention enables improved efficiency of plant growing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to methods for intense growth of cucumbers in spring film greenhouses with application of electric heating of soil. In method greenhouse and soil are prepared, beds are formed, heating wires are installed into beds, cucumber seedlings are planted and looked after. At the same time heating wires for heating of soil layer are arranged at the depth of 10-12 cm from surface in 1-2 threads, with established capacity of heating that amounts to 4.4 - 8.8 W/m2. Cucumber seedlings are planted into beds in one row at a phase of 5-7 leaves onto sand layer with thickness of 1-2 cm arranged over heating wires. Beds are formed with width of 90-95 cm and height of 30-35 cm, and heating wires are laid in bed at the distance of 10-15 cm.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase productivity of cucumbers in greenhouses at Middle Urals with minimum costs for maintenance of greenhouses and fighting deceases.
3 dwg, 8 tbl
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture and crop sector. Method includes arrangement of trays to make vertical tiers, cultivation of plants, maintenance of required light mode in greenhouse, the latter of which is supported by displacement of light source between tiers of trays. Plant seedlings are planted into vegetation trays, required climatic mode is created, at the same time source of light in the period of radiation is moved by continuous reversible motion up and down between extreme tiers, and speed of light source motion and capacity of light source are established depending on extent of natural illumination and/or air temperature. Device comprises system of plants cultivation, including vertical multi-tier rack installation for vegetation trays with plants, systems for maintenance of required climatic and light modes, the latter of which includes at least one source of light arranged with the possibility of displacement up and down between tiers of rack installation, comprises facility that provides for continuous reversible motion of light source between tiers in the period of plants radiation. Rack comprises sections of shelves that are mounted in tiers on four stands. Sections are combined into modules, every of which includes three serial stages arranged in a row, two extreme ones and one central, joined to each other by means of a hinge with the possibility of extreme sections rotation around vertical axis to center of module to form a "П"-shaped profile.
EFFECT: usage of group of inventions makes it possible to speed up development of plants due to provision of even illumination of plants, increasing density of photosynthetic flow of photons, elimination of overheating and damages of grown plants leaf canopy and reduction of light losses.
30 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to rural and municipal services and is designed for control of heating hot houses, living spaces and premises. The essence of the invention is as follows: an output signal of a compensator is obtained by means of summing signals from outputs of two circuits of additive compensation by illumination and ratio of temperature in open air, inside the premise and of fence (glass cover), also by utilising compensation of heating graph by wind speed and degree of ventilating window opening; notably slope of the heating graph is multiplied by product of values of wind speed and ventilating windows position.
EFFECT: facilitating upgraded accuracy of control over heating in premise and improved compensation and stability.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering. The proposed device allows heat exchange between fluid medium and gas and comprises the casing, at least, one flat screen carcass made up of several heat-conducting-material capillaries arranged in parallel and equidistant relative to each other, and several heat-conducting-material wires connected to aforesaid capillaries to transfer heat via metal contacting, and pass at equal distance and crosswire relative to capillaries. The distance between wires approximates to that of their diametre. Gas flows along the wires to transfer heat to fluid medium that flows in capillaries, through capillary walls and via wires. The heat exchanger design allows the gas flowing along each screen carcass, lengthwise relative to the wires, and prevents flowing of a notable amount of gas through screen carcasses. The hothouse comprises soil surface with plants arranged thereon or in bearing pots, cultivation chute and, at least one heat exchanger. Note here that one gas inlet or outlet holes is located above leaf surface, while the other one is located below the said level, or both holes are located within the limits of the said surface. At least one heat exchanger purifies air. Several heat exchangers make the central heating system. Thermal pump system incorporates the heat exchanger.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and simplified servicing.
28 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device enabling regulation of microclimatic conditions inside a green-house consists of two heat radiators (the upper one and the lower one) interconnected via side pipes; the upper radiator is mounted inside the green-house above the ground level with the lower one being buried in the soil. In the central part of the device overground section there is an additional horizontally positioned radiator installed contained in a tank filled with cold water and connected to the side pipes. At the points of the additional heat radiator connection to the side pipes there are solenoid-operated regulator valves installed. The device is equipped with an electrical heater unit.
EFFECT: improvement of the green-house microclimatic conditions due to the thermal regime stabilisation.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, industry, power engineering and can be applied for room heating and cooling. Environmental heat based on developed method and device for heating and cooling of industrial and agricultural facilities, accommodation spaces with environmental heat by means of natural self-organisation effect, i.e. ensuring maximum efficiency of heat energy conversion to electric energy, and possibility of operation without primary energy supply owing to use of environmental heat. Method of heating and cooling with environmental heat based on self-organisation effect by start of accumulator, switch box, capacitive heat converter to electrical energy and heat pump, used for energy heat closure by means of capacitive converter, and by capacitive converter in heating mode moved outside the heated room. At that automatic control of heat pump is matched with control of capacitive converter moving away from the heated room, as well as by the fact that to provide maximum efficiency of heat energy conversion to electric energy, operating mode of capacitive converter is performed at golden ratio of charge-discharge stroke Sc/Sd=0.618. Electric power of capacitive converter is set up not lower 25% of pump heating capacity. Besides, device for heating and cooling with environmental heat is described.
EFFECT: availability of widely used energy source.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of agriculture and deals with growing agricultural plants in greenhouses. The suggested aeration system intended for heating and moistening the air, and heating, moistening and aerating the soil inside a solar greenhouse consists of a glazed frame, a soil medium and a subsurface aeration system equipped with perforated air and water pipe ducts. The hydraulic motor is connected via a spindle to the water pump. The liquid-gas ejector is connected to the solar greenhouse air exhaust line. The valves and the separator are connected to the input of one of the valves via air pipe duct. The valve output is connected to the greenhouse. The water pump output is connected to the input water nozzle of the liquid-gas ejector whose output is connected to the separator. The air pump duct is connected to the generator of negative-charged ions, with the gravel layer inside the greenhouse - via the second valve whose drive is connected to the control unit. The third valve output is connected to the input of the perforated air pipe duct via a washer plate. The third valve drive is connected to the soil moisture monitoring and control unit connected to a pressure gauge.
EFFECT: improving the quality of heating and moistening the air and heating, moistening and aerating the soil inside a solar greenhouse.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has vented space, apparatus for removal of carbonic acid gas from atmospheric air and carbonic acid gas generator for generating of carbonic acid gas with low content of carbon 14 isotope. Temperature mode inside greenhouse is reliably maintained by air conditioning and by employment of shock resistant light-transmitting covering tending to retain infrared heat energy. Self-cleaning of light-transmitting covering is provided by means of oxide coating. Sealing capacity of greenhouse is not affected by passage of personnel and equipment therein owing to employment of double door, wherein doors are mutually blocked. Soil air drainage is used for preventing gaseous carbonaceous soil decomposition products from getting into inner atmosphere of greenhouse. Intensified ripening of plants is enabled by addition of ethylene into inner atmosphere of greenhouse.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
14 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, cultivation of flowers, vegetables, decorative and tropical plants under home conditions.
SUBSTANCE: compact chamber is composed of at least two parts, that is, bath, extension rings-inserts, hood, and pan. Pan is placed into bath, ground is spilled, sown, watered and covered with hood. Said parts are secured to one another by adhesive tape. Compact chamber may have cylindrical or square volume of enclosure vessel subdivided into at least three main parts: lower part with bath for receiving of soil or other nutritive mixture, extension rings-inserts, and upper part with hood for creating closed space, wherein permanent humidity is maintained for creating advantageous conditions for plant growing. In case space is to be increased in vertical direction, ring-insert is positioned between bath and hood. For plant illumination, in case natural illumination is insufficient, lighting device is inserted into hood throat and switched to regulated pulse-duration power unit controlled from automatic program relay, which is turned-on and turned-off in accordance with set season, solar cycle, established at starting time by means of switches. Heating, air and moisture modes are regulated by means of vent windows defined by notches-depressions formed on vessel surface. Vent windows may be removed when necessary. Vent windows may be closed and opened by means of small windows set for predetermined threshold temperature values and automatically controlled by bimetal effect, and in case of necessity, heating system is switched on.
EFFECT: simplified and convenient maintenance, improved development of plants and reliable scientific results, when used in laboratory conditions.
10 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, method and equipment used in closed ground constructions, such as block greenhouses, for heating in winter or cooling in summer of useful air volume, as well as for regulating night and day temperature differences in autumn or in spring.
SUBSTANCE: method involves pumping out thermal energy from low-grade heat source into heating system with the use of heat pump; taking out low-grade heat from water of cooling system for cooling said water; spraying said water under roof for absorbing heat and collecting by means of water intake screen for further directing into cooling system tank, from which heat absorbed by water is pumped into heating system tank. Apparatus has heating system with water pump, heat pump equipped with evaporator and condenser, and cooling system comprising tank with heat pump evaporator built into tank, spraying pipes connected to tank through water pump and running to and under greenhouse roof, and water intake screen mounted under spraying pipes. Heating system is equipped with tank having heat pump condenser mounted into tank. Method and apparatus provide for year-round optimal temperature conditions for growing and development of plants.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of greenhouse production, reduced power consumed during heating period, provision for absorbing and utilizing excessive thermal energy during warm period of the year, and increased yield.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves heating trays and useful volume of greenhouse, with trays being heated with hydroponic solution having initial temperature below 300C and final temperature of at least 150C, when said solution is discharged from trays; keeping air temperature of at least 40C in useful volume of greenhouse; isolating useful volume of greenhouse from remaining volume.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of power for heating plants in hydroponic units of greenhouse, convenient maintenance and reduced costs of materials.
2 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, constructions for protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has carcass for longitudinal walls, end panels and roof, light-transparent material for covering carcass openings, with part of carcass openings being adapted for closing and opening to provide for ventilation of green house interior, and drive for unit adapted to provide for automatic ventilation. Carcass openings are made in the form of air vents. Drive for automatic ventilation unit is equipped with system of levers pivotally secured to one another and to air vent flaps and rigidly fixed on member for securing of vacuum pipe with counterweight.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency in creating of advantageous conditions.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, growing of agricultural crops with the use of multiple-flow apparatuses arranged at different levels for exposing plants growing in containers to light.
SUBSTANCE: lighting apparatus is composed of individual modules, each including light channel, comprising guides, and mini-hotbeds movable along guides. Mini-hotbeds are mounted on wheels of different diameter for moving by gravity so as to provide their horizontal position by placing them onto inclined guides. Each mini-hotbed may be used as independent module, is furnished with light-transparent hood which simultaneously serves as water accumulator and spreader. Lighting apparatus may be mounted in special industrial, household, supplementary and other rooms provided that stabilized temperature of 15-20° is maintained and phyto-sanitary requirements are fulfilled. Apparatus of such construction is characterized in that rigid coupling between mini-hotbeds is avoided and in that gravity is used for movement of mini-hotbeds along inclined guides in light channel. Apparatus of such construction provides year-round growing of pre-basic sanitated seed potato, seedlings of potato and other vegetables and flowers, as well as products of said crops, tree, fungi, algae seedlings and other biological objects under regulated artificial conditions while eliminating conditions for contacting of seedlings with pathogens.
EFFECT: simplified construction, enhanced reliability in operation and reduced consumption of power.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing in protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has at least one greenhouse unit equipped with irrigation device. Greenhouse unit has ventilation device and soil heating device. Automatic control system for controlling said devices has at least one temperature sensor and at least one moisture content sensor, whose outputs are connected through amplifiers-converters to part of inputs of arithmetic-logic device adapted for receiving signals generated by said sensors, comparing resulting data with control data and generating control signals for switching-on said devices. Other part of arithmetic-logic device inputs is connected to outputs of replaceable permanent memory unit wherein program for selected climatic zone and program for growing of selected plant of this climatic zone are recorded. Third part of inputs is connected to position outputs for members of said devices, whose inputs are connected through control unit and amplifiers-converters to outputs of arithmetic-logic device and to inputs of indication unit. Voltage of 12 V is supplied to automatic control unit.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in growing wide range of plants of any climatic zone with automatic system for controlling of irrigation, ventilation and heating procedures.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; growing plants at lesser consumption of electrical and thermal energy due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.
SUBSTANCE: proposed greenhouse complex includes base, transparent heat-insulating dome-shaped coat with round transparent heat-insulation aperture in center. Coat is secured on load-bearing supports mounted vertically on base; it is manufactured from roofing blocks made from light-tight material at low heat conductivity and provided with through holes in form of truncated cones or pyramids coated from the inside with beam-reflecting material with their vertices directed inside or outside the coat. Holes are closed with inserts from the outside and inside which are made from thin transparent material; surfaces of said blocks directed inside coat and not occupied by through holes and technological holes are coated with beam-reflecting material. Areas with plants being cultivated, main and auxiliary technological equipment and plant life support systems are located inside coat and helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir consists of two vessels: one of them is filled with water and is mounted on base in center of coat and other is mounted coaxially inside first one and is insulated at sides and from beneath with low-conductivity material. Second vessel is closed at the top by its own transparent heat-insulating coat and is filled with common salt, for example. Two light reflectors which are cooled with water are made in form of truncated cones or truncated polyhedral pyramids. First of them with outer side light-reflecting surface is mounted with vertex downward above coat, coaxially with it. Second reflector is hollow; it is provided with light-reflecting surfaces; it is mounted coaxially relative to first reflector with vertex upward inside coat above helio-absorbing heat-insulating reservoir. Flat beam-reflecting panels located on area adjoining the coat concentrically relative to it are arranged in two rows. Each said panel is mounted on output link of its two-coordinated swivel mechanism provided with controllable drive. Base of drive is secured on bearing strut vertically mounted on ground surface. Provision is made for additional energy channel together with two said light reflectors which is made in form of flux of sun beams reflected by beam-reflecting panels of helio-absorbing heat-accumulating reservoir concentrated and directed downward. If necessary, it may be spread over entire surface. Controllable drives of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms are connected by their inputs to output of automatic control unit realized at base of computer center. Electrical inputs of center are connected with sensors of media contained in helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir and in space under coat, as well as with wind velocity and direction sensors and with coordinate position sensors of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms.
EFFECT: reduced power requirements at intensified growth of plants due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.
13 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protective complexes for plants, including greenhouses and hothouses equipped with electrotechnical and other equipment for care of plants and heat-loving bushes grown under home conditions or small-scale commercial plant growing conditions.
SUBSTANCE: protective complex has foundation pit with supporting carcass onto which transparent protective casing is put. Plastic walls of foundation pit are slightly extending beyond base of supporting carcass and are secured by means of drop screen. Foundation pit bed has ground provided with thermal layer and soil heating members. Foundation pit bed is connected through pipe to suspended closed reservoir hung under complex roof to define, in conjunction with foundation pit construction filled with ground and top layer of fertile soil, single reservoir with water influx-discharge regulated by means of electronic valves provided on branches as well as on pipe. Water is pumped through lower branch by means of water pump into suspension reservoir, and other branch equipped with electronic valve defines closed semicircle on pipe. Such construction provides water discharge by avoiding first branch from suspended reservoir into pipe equipped with corrugated insert provided at its lower end. Level of discharged water is controlled through bushing equipped with float having water level measuring ruler. Supporting carcass incorporates thermal sensors, humidity sensors, illumination sensors, air heating members, and illumination lamps. Valves are opened and closed by means of electronic device. All parts of protective complex are totally controlled by electronic instrument for maintaining optimal microclimate mode. On the basis of electronic instruments and with the use of communicating vessels principle, protective complex may be created, wherein, apart from setting optimal water level in ground soil and irrigation time, optimal heating and illumination mode may be maintained to thereby regulate plant development. Protective complex allows vegetable and other crops, as well as wild and exotic plants to be grown.
EFFECT: increased yield of vegetables and other crops.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, complex agricultural productions.
SUBSTANCE: method involves process and objects arranged in predetermined manner, and place planned according to relief, with geographic and other necessary factors being taken into consideration so that directions of natural air flows are corrected. Agricultural production includes complex greenhouses, heat accumulator, basin, garden, and wind shield. Air flow directed into garden is saturated with water vapors in gaseous state if increase in temperature is desirable when it is close to minimal admissible value, and in small droplet state when lower temperature is desirable. Processor functions as central controller. Objects of branches in agricultural production are selected so that objects of previous branches make raw material for objects of subsequent branches. Furthermore, joint mutually useful development of these objects at suitable conditions is possible. These conditions are created in complex greenhouse units intermediate with regard to said branches. General-purpose containers with raw material are conveyed through said complex greenhouse units. This results in multiple sequential-parallel utilization of raw materials in number of branches of industry. Method stipulates employment of useful relations between populations of organisms - objects of agricultural branches of industry: symbiosis and, according to kind of symbiosis, natural selection.
EFFECT: increased resource saving, reduced production costs of agricultural product and improved ecology of environment.
5 cl, 2 dwg