Facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings includes facade boards, thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and bearing elements of enclosure pulled without a gap through the thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and made in the form of anchor rods arranged in vertical rows. Anchor rods are screwed through dowels into a building wall and has fixing elements at free ends, providing for installation and fixation of boards. In order to increase reliability of facade boards fixation, to make it possible to line multi-storey buildings and to increase barrier drift by increasing stiffness of bearing elements, anchors of vertical rows are connected to each other by means of traction rods so that traction rods with anchors create vertical power structures. Upper free ends of traction rods are fixed to an enclosed building wall.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of facade enclosure fixation and to reduce labour intensiveness of performed works.

5 cl, 5 dwg

 

The present invention relates to systems of ventilated facades of buildings, and more particularly to devices for attaching the facing plates, providing a good operational characteristics of indoor and modern architectural appearance of the building.

Known fencing construction of buildings with teplogeneratzia, actively removing moisture and decorative facades containing bearing the reference beam, which through intermediate brackets are fixed gripping the locking elements that are fixed in the grooves of the facing plates, holding them. This design allows you to quickly change the design of the fence in the case of, for example, the need for profiling walls of the rooms with different angles of inclination (EN, No. 2331746 C2, IPC E04F 13/08 (2006.01).

A significant drawback of this analogue is the presence of numerous customizable features, stability operating position which during operation is difficult. The system is cumbersome, complex and time-consuming to manufacture and adjustment.

Closest to the claimed proposal similar to the technical nature and show properties, taken as a prototype, is front hinged enclosure of the buildings, including facade panels, heat protection, carrying elements of the profiles, attached to the wall using brackets, missed without clearance through teplogenerator and having guides in which you installed the locking elements in the form of swivel brackets, which provide locking of front plates on the wall when turning the brackets 90° and entering them into the end slots of the plates (EN, No. 2335608, IPC E04F 13/08 (2006.01).

The disadvantage of the prototype is the presence of a sufficiently large number of customizable features, the high complexity of the manufacture and installation of such fencing, the impossibility of quick replacement of one facade panels without disturbing adjacent elements. The deficiencies noted a significant obstacle facing multi-storey buildings.

The simplification and cheapening of front fences of this type due to the rejection of the use of expensive bearing elements in the form of profiles and re-pin fastening of facade plates, for example, the anchors are screwed into the walls of the building, has no effect, because this design does not have the required rigidity and, consequently, the reliability of mounting of the fence. When it becomes impossible to use effective thermal protection of the building due to the small relative (up to 80-90 cm) whip from the wall and fence emerging limitations on the number of storeys protected buildings.

The objective of the invention is to establish what their technological design of front fences, which with low cost and complexity of manufacturing would have a high rigidity of the bearing elements to achieve the effective thermal protection, and the building of multi-storey buildings.

The task is ensured by the fact that the facade hinged ventilated enclosure of the buildings, including facade panels, heat protection, load-bearing elements, in the form of spaced vertical rows of anchor rods, screwed through the anchors in the wall of the building and missed no gap through heat protection, and is equipped with locking elements, providing installation and locking plates has a power thrust linking anchors vertical rows so that the pull on the anchors form a vertical power structure, with the upper free ends of the rods are attached to protect the wall of the building.

To increase the bearing capacity and reliability design has adjustable preload bearing facade elements by fastening the upper free ends of the rods to hold harmless the wall bracket with tensioning devices.

As the rods can be used as a chain structure consisting of separate parts, and thrust in the form of strips or a specially designed wire structures.

When using a chain structure consisting of links, each link is and its end has two holes, the distance between which is equal to the distance between two vertically spaced anchors, locking elements which lock one plate. Link anchors in this case, by putting their links thrust so that it forms a vertical power circuit, in which the anchors are articulated supports.

When using a wire thrust into her designs are provided holes for anchors in the form of a completed wrapped rings with an internal diameter below the anchors, the distance between the centers of the vertical step of mounting anchors in the wall.

The proposed front fence anchor rods at the free end equipped with a locking plate elements in the form of lugs having a Poppet head with flats.

Facade panels are held Poppet heads due to the occurrence of the latter through the cleats into the slots of the plates located on their end surfaces. Mounted on the ends of the slabs capping of sheet steel of his limb cover plate on the planes. When the cleats are pressed locking seat Poppet head lugs, sockets included in the return grooves of the plates. The cleats are mounted on the ends of the plates of the compound.

The tips are threaded connection with anchor rods, which allows them to regulate the offered move along the anchor and, accordingly, to adjust the position of front plates relative to the wall of the building. The achieved position is fixed by a lock nut.

For best aesthetics of the facade in the installation of fencing on the lower floors (2-3 floors) are used cleats from one limb to the back plate.

In the process of assembling the handpiece is turned so that his head was in a vertical position and without a gap on the edges included in the socket capping and, accordingly, the groove in the plate, locking it.

Anchors vertical columns, bearing plates, are connected by rods that are put on them and are fixed by clamping rods to the tips contrasida nuts.

In case of protection of multi-storey buildings long vertical rows of anchors is divided into intervals, which are associated rods anchors, bearing 20-30 plates. Accordingly, the interval for the height of the building, install the bracket with tensioning devices to the protected wall.

1 schematically depicts a fragment of the facade of the fence using the connection wire anchors thrust, figure 2 presents the system of fastening of facade plates in cross section, figure 3 shows a view of the locking plate tip, figure 4 shows the position of the fixing disc head in the groove of the fixed plate, figure 5 - wire I and the chain II to the reconstruction rods.

Figures 1 and 2 show the wall 1 with heat protection 2. Using anchor rods 3, skipped without clearance through heat protection 2 and screwed into the wall 1 through 4 dowels and screw on the anchor lugs 5 are mounted the front plate 6 of the fencing. On fixed in a wall anchor screw terminals Contrada nuts 7, then wear thrust 8 and fasten the lugs 5. After controlling for the level alignment of the clamping heads of the lugs 5 in relation to each other and to the surface facing the wall) and nut 7.

On the locking head 9 set plate 6 on the cleats 10, fortified compound 11 on the ends of the plate. Thus between the outer surface of the head tip and the bottom part of the groove of the capping provides compensation gap.

Tip in contact with the end plates are diametrically spaced flats. Installed top plate comes in contact with the upper flats, at that time, as between the bottom plate and opposite the chamfer is provided a clearance Δ to compensate for the inaccuracy of manufacture and the location of the matched elements.

The upper ends of the rods are secured by screws 12 to a bracket 13 mounted on the wall 1, which have a tension mechanism providing adjustment of the tension the Oia rods with screws 14.

Each mounted in front of the stove is kept to four locking lugs - two on bottom and two on its upper end. While between the plates vertically, there are gaps that allow you to remove the plate without disassembly of adjacent elements, turning bearing her tips 90° with the Allen key inserted into the hole 15.

Horizontally between the plates also have a gap, provide cross-shaped inserts in the installation of fencing.

1. Exterior hinged ventilated enclosure of the buildings, including facade panels, heat protection, carrying elements of the fence, missed without clearance through heat protection, made in the form of spaced vertical rows of anchor rods, screwed through the anchors in the wall of a building and having at the free end of the locking elements providing installation and fastening plates, characterized in that, to improve the reliability of fastening of facade plates, the possibility of facing multi-storey buildings and increase relative to the fence by increasing the stiffness of the bearing elements, anchors vertical rows of interconnected rods so that the pull on the anchors form a vertical power structure, the upper free ends of the rods are attached to protect the wall of the building.

2. Og is adenia according to claim 1, characterized in that the securing elements providing installation and fastening plates, made in the form of lugs mounted on the anchors with the possibility of controlled movement along the anchor and the subsequent commit.

3. The fence according to claim 1, characterized in that, to ensure adjustment of the preload of the bearing elements of the cage, securing the upper ends of the rods to hold harmless the wall runs through the tensioning device.

4. The fence according to claim 1, characterized in that as the rod is used, the wire having a length wound rings with internal diameter below the anchors, the distance between the rings is equal to the vertical step of mounting anchors in the wall.

5. The fence according to claim 1, characterized in that as the rods are used chain structure of links, each of which connects two vertically spaced anchor, the locking elements which lock one plate.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method includes arrangement of a panel on a heat insulated surface of a building, its positioning relative the heat insulated surface of the building with the help of the device for positioning suspended heat insulated panels and fixation of the panel on the building surface. The device for positioning comprises a guide part in the form of a bushing with an internal thread, stiffly joined with the panel body, and a support part in the form of a screw with an external thread joined with it by a threaded joint. One end of the screw contacts with the heat insulated surface of the building and engages with it, and the second one has the shape suitable for engagement with a tool for screw rotation. The screw is made with the possibility to arrange an additional fixing element in it to fix a suspended panel to the facade. The panel comprises a process hole, arranged with the possibility of provision of tool insertion for rotation of a screw. After additional positioning of the panel position the cavity between the panel and the heat insulated surface of the building and the process hole in the panel are filled with a foam filler.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to ensure easy and reliable assembly of suspended heat insulation panels on the heat insulated surface with compensation of its irregularities, and also adjustment of position of the installed panels without necessity of their dismantling.

9 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

5 cl

Facing for walls // 2423583

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facing comprises a group of panels, which in process of manufacturing are given a pattern and a surface finish that imitate handmade brickwork. Panels are mounted in the form of a sequence of horizontal rows, besides, the lower edge area of an overlying panel is imposed over the upper edge area of the panel that belongs to the earlier installed row. Upper and lower edge areas include reference surfaces, which are inclined, making it possible during positioning to ensure a tight contact between "cement" and "brick" of two joined panels, besides, "cement" strips located between "strips", are in general coplanar to each other and to face surfaces of imitated bricks, which protrude forward relative to "cement" strips by an identical distance, and as a result the appearance is more esthetic and natural. Connections between attached panels are in general invisible, and uniformity of heights of "bricks" and "cement" strips forward protrusion makes it possible to avoid shadows that reduce naturalness effect.

EFFECT: invention increases reliability of facing fixation.

8 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method includes preparation of structures surface and facing tiles, application of gluing mass, attachment of tiles to the specified surface. The surface is covered with facing tiles included into a set. The set includes main and additional facing tiles. Their length and width are multiple to a linear module common for the set. Additional tiles are arranged with at least one linear dimension, equal to, multiple to or fractionally multiple to at least one linear dimensions in at least one group of the main tiles in the set. Tiles are made as a stiff shell of metal, alloy or from a layer composition comprising a metal layer. Each stiff shell of the tile has a facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with sides - stiffening ribs along the contour as protruding beyond the rear surface. Their thickness and height are at least sufficient to double the common resistance of a tile jointly with sides to a bend, at least in direction of width relative to resistance to the bend of a tile without sides in the same direction. Sides jointly with the rear surface of the tile form a shell with an open cavity to be filled with a gluing mass. The thickness of the metal or alloy layer is accepted depending on the value of the tile area.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

13 cl

FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

10 cl

Facing item // 2420638

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: facing item is made of a metal, an alloy with thickness 5, or from a flaky composition, containing a metal layer with thickness 5 in the form of a tile. The tile has facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with boards - stiffening ribs protruding beyond the rear surface along the contour. Their thickness and height are sufficient to at least double the total resistance of the tile together with boards to the bend at least in direction of the tile width relative to the resistance of the tile without boards to the bend in the same direction. The boards together with the rear surface of the tile form a shell with an open cavity to be filled with an adhesive mass, making it possible to attach an item to the specified structure. The thickness of a metal or an alloy layer is accepted depending on the value of a tile area.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: part forms an angle of the external wall structure of the building when the left and right adjacent external wall panels are assembled on it, being formed with two sides arranged approximately at the right angle to each other with slants at the left and right edges of it. On each edge of the external wall part within the limits of this part thickness there is the main slant passing towards the back surface, and at the side of back surface there are slots adjacent to the main slants, at the same time the section from face surface to the main slant is occupied with an additional slant.

EFFECT: invention simplifies assembly of structure.

7 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: system includes a variety of tile sets and connecting elements, which join neighbouring tile sets. Each set of tiles has a tile element and a support element. The support element is attached to the lower side of the tile element and is equipped with grooves to locate parts of connecting elements. The support element has some holes and/or ledges passing in direction perpendicular to the main surface of the tile element. Connecting element comprises an oblong plank part, equipped with holes and/or ledges placed into according ledges and/or holes in support elements of two neighbouring tile sets.

EFFECT: possibility to replace one or several damaged tiles without replacement of the whole floor.

26 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: system of suspended facades comprises vertical guides, bearing and support brackets, extenders, cleats, skids, cassettes, thermal bridges, anchors, dowels and a sealant. Vertical guides are arranged with a T-shaped profile. Bearing and support brackets are made of various sizes, for instance, from 65 to 220 mm, in compliance with irregularities of a frame wall with differences of up to, for instance, 190 mm. The maximum distance between the brackets along the vertical line makes, for instance, 1.5 m. The brackets have both round and oblong holes. Each bracket may be both bearing and supporting. The bearing brackets are fixed in round holes, and support brackets are fixed in oblong holes. The vertical guides, T-shaped and of L-shaped profile, the brackets and extenders are made as stamped from, for instance, aluminium, with corrugate working surfaces, and radii R of crests and troughs of waves make, for instance, 2 mm. Method to assemble facades with the help of this system, providing for marking of facade, installation of leads with the help of geodesic instruments, a level and a plummet, under composite panels, consists in the fact that in the beginning holes are drilled for anchor dowels to fix bearing brackets in the quantity, for instance, of three brackets per a section with the height of a standard floor, which are fixed to the wall by means of anchors, a heat insulation material is installed in staggered order in the form of heat insulation panels with their fixation to the wall by means of plate dowels, and vertical guides of T-shaped section are installed and fixed on brackets with a thermal gap between them along the vertical line, then a pre-assembled skid is inserted with its fixation with clips, and an assembled cassette is suspended onto the skid into eyes or onto a surface hinge. In other versions of facades assembly method, a flat sheet is directly fixed with rivets onto a vertical section, or tiles of ceramic granite are installed and fixed by means of cleats.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability.

5 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: metal dowel to fix heat insulation material to bearing foundations of buildings and structures comprises leg in the form of hollow cylindrical rod with longitudinal cut arranged along its whole length, and head in the form of disk with central hole, fixed on one of leg ends. On surface of other end of leg on section of its length, equal to depth of leg entry into bearing base, at side opposite to longitudinal cut, there are grooves provided. Central hole of head has cylindrical flanging inserted into cylindrical cavity of leg with tension. Specified grooves, preferably, have oval shape. Angle of leg cross section coverage with grooves makes mostly from 120° to 180°.

EFFECT: improved load-carrying capacity of dowel.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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