Method of loading vehicles into freight container, method of vehicle transportation, set of freight container and support frame

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to loading and transportation of vehicles. Proposed method of loading comprises arranging vehicles (3A, 3B, 3C) back-to-back, mainly, horizontally on elongated support frame 2 arranged outside of container, and turning vehicles by manual mechanism (12A, 12B, 12C). Note here that rear part of one vehicle is located above or below adjacent part of another vehicle Methods comprises also displacing support frame 2 with vehicles into container. Method of transporting vehicles comprises transporting above container with vehicles, displacing support frame from container and unloading vehicles from support frame. Set of freight container and support frame comprises freight container, support frame 3 with platforms for vehicles (3A, 3B, 3C) to be places inside said container. Every platform may be manually turned by mechanism (12A 12B, 12C).

EFFECT: decreased probability of vehicles damage, simplified loading.

26 cl, 19 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

This invention relates to a method of loading vehicles in the cargo container, the set of the cargo container and a support frame for the transport of vehicles and a support frame for use in the collection of the freight container and support frame. This invention relates, in particular, but not exclusively, to means of transport, representing the cars.

The level of technology

Cargo containers are widely used for transportation of goods. The term "freight container", as used herein, refers to a container that includes a corner fittings with holes, the size of which provide a container with a standard loading equipment. Corner fittings are usually individual rectangular elements, welded to the corners of the container, but they can also be an integral part of the container.

Usually overall outer width of such containers less than 2500 mm, the distance between the centers of apertures of approximately 2260 mm, and length choose from several standard lengths, often 20 feet (6058 mm), 40 feet (12192 mm) and 45 ft (13716 mm).

Cars in cargo containers using support frames are installed inside the container, is already known.

In the known with the system the vehicles are driven into a container on the supporting frame inside the container. Then run the engine for lifting the support frame so that it was possible to drive other cars on the lower support frame. Thus it is possible to transport five cars Lotus Elise (registered trademarks) in one 44-feet (12192 mm) cargo container. During the reverse travel of the base frame can be lifted to the top of the container so that you can load cargo transported in the remaining free space of the container.

The above device has several disadvantages: the cargo container has a standard width, and when forced into the container car of medium size, there's very little space for opening the door of the car, the modification of the container for mounting the support frame and the mechanism for lifting and lowering costly, after using a freight container must be returned to the initial place of departure or any other place where you need to transport vehicles, and require a certain level of skills and/or experience to correctly control mechanisms during the loading of the cars in the container.

Disclosure of inventions

The purpose of this invention is a method of loading vehicles in the cargo container, which allows to solve or at least to ease some of the above problems.

Another purpose of this invention is set from the cargo container and a support frame for transport vehicles and support frame for use in the specified collection, which allows to solve or at least to ease some of the above problems.

The invention according to the first aspect provides a method of loading vehicles in the cargo container, including the installation of vehicles next to each other on an elongated support frame, at least the main part of which is placed outside the container and the size of which is adjusted according to the size of the container, so that it can be placed inside the container along its length, and then moving the base frame placed on her vehicle in a freight container, and transport vehicle is moved on a support frame rotated about its transverse axis, with the end part of one of the vehicle can be positioned above or below the adjacent end part of the other car, and the vehicle is set on the support frame in a generally horizontal position, and then set in the rotated position using a manual mechanism.

Due to the loading of vehicles, which are typically the vehicles in the reference frame and subsequent p is remeshing frame placed on her vehicle in the container, you avoid having to exit the car when it is placed in the limited space of the container, thereby facilitated the opening of a door of the vehicle to exit and decreases the likelihood of damage to the vehicle. Requires no alteration of the cargo container and does not require attaching the support frame to the cargo container. Loading of vehicles in the container can be a very simple operation. For example, you can use the cargo container is completely standard design, and after use for the carriage of vehicles on the base frame can be used to perform any other work or you can send it in any other place. Only the reference frame must be returned to the initial place of departure or, as appropriate, in any other place.

Setting the vehicle in the rotated position by means of a manual mechanism provides ease of this operation without requiring the use of additional equipment.

Preferably the support frame has one wheel or more. According to one embodiments of the invention described below, at the end of the support frame has one wheel or more, in the above example, the two wheels. In this description, the term "wheel" should be considered in a broad sense, including other rotating elements that perform is a function of the wheel, for example, a ball bearing or a roller.

Preferably on a support frame placed one row of vehicles, but without going beyond the scope of the invention, the base frame can accommodate two rows of vehicles one above the other. Only one number on the base frame provides a simple design of a support frame and placement of cars average or more than average height in the cargo container standard height. Preferably the vehicle is moved on a support frame rotated about its transverse axis, with the end part of one vehicle is located above or below the adjacent end part of the other car. Due to the fact that the end part of one vehicle is located above or below the adjacent end part of the other car, the total length occupied by the number of vehicles is reduced, thereby it is possible to accommodate the growing number of vehicles. For 40 feet (12192 mm) container installation in a rotated position can accommodate three cars of medium length, while otherwise we could only accommodate two cars. In the case of transportation of small cars is possible to construct the support frame to accommodate four cars. Preferably the front part of one and the car have under adjacent the back of another car. In General, the front part of the vehicle include at a lower altitude compared to the rear part of the vehicle, thus making easier installation vehicles in the rotated position.

You can just stop by vehicles on the support frame and the platform mounted on the support frame can be rotated. The platform is then set in the rotated position. The vehicle is set in the rotated position by means of a hand mechanism, which is part of the support frame. Preferably this mechanism is a lever mechanism, which is actuated by movement of the free end of the lever over a distance of one meter. Due to the large amplitude movements of the free end of the lever can be achieved considerable gains in strength when setting the vehicle in a rotated position, as in this case, the displacement of the center of mass of the vehicle significantly less. The gain in strength is also achieved, if the installation is in a rotated position includes a downward movement of one end portion of the vehicle.

May be provided for moving the front part for one or more platforms, which in one position prevents shesanu vehicle with arena part of the platform, and in another position allows the vehicle to move from the front of the platform. Specified movable front part can provide the movement of the vehicle from one platform to another during loading with saving the rotated position of the vehicle on the platform.

Auxiliary platform may be provided between adjacent platforms to provide moving vehicles from one platform to another. According to one embodiments of the invention described below, the auxiliary platforms are installed with the possibility of movement between the working and non-working positions. This move can be performed using the mechanism used to install the platform in the rotated position.

According to one embodiments of the invention described below, each platform is connected to the support frame axis, and using a pair of rods, each of which is connected with the other at one end and connected by an axle supporting frame and a platform at the other end. Thrust rotated through the scenes, which at one end are connected by axle with them, and the other end connected to the axle with lever.

May provide a locking mechanism for locking the lever in positions corresponding to the rotated floor is the position of the vehicle and/or horizontal position of the vehicle. Specified locking mechanism can be unlocked by overcoming the counter-spring. Preferably the locking mechanism includes a locking part which can be elastically move, and can be made in the form of a hook. The first locking part is used preferably for fixing mechanism in the position corresponding to the rotated position of the vehicle, and the second locking part is used preferably for fixing mechanism in a position corresponding mainly to the horizontal position of the vehicle. Also or instead, you can use the mechanism of the lock for locking the mechanism in end position due to the weight of the vehicle.

Can also be provided with brake mechanism for reducing the speed of movement of parts of the support frame as they move closer to one or both end positions. The brake mechanism may include a hydraulic piston and cylinder.

The vehicle preferably rotate at an angle from 10 to 30 degrees from the horizontal position. According to one embodiments of the invention described below, the angle is about 20 degrees.

In accordance with the typical design of the cargo container preferably has a closed end portion and open the th end part, through which move the support frame when installing vehicles in the container. The support frame preferably set one end into the open end of the container, while the remaining part of the base frame is outside of the container, and then the vehicle mounted on the supporting frame, then the reference frame move to the closed end portion of the container.

Often the cargo container has a top, bottom, side and end walls, which are fully closed when the closed container. This is the preferred form of container for use in accordance with this invention. Some cargo containers are fully or partially open side walls or the top. Such containers can also be used according to this invention, although they are less preferred since they provide a lesser degree of protection vehicles during transportation.

The vehicle is preferably installed in the container so that the front part of the vehicle was rotated towards the front of the container. Then when the vehicle is set in the preferred rotated position in which the front part of the one vehicle is located under the adjacent rear part of a vehicle is the means, then, in all likelihood, any unexpected movement of the vehicle is toward the closed front end portion of the container and not in the direction toward the rear of the container, which may be open and in which there may be people.

Preferably the method further includes the subsequent transportation of the container installed in his vehicle from one place to another. Preferably the method further includes moving the support frame installed on her vehicle from the container in such a position, in which at least most of it will be placed outside the container, and subsequent unloading of vehicles with support frames. As will be hereinafter evident, cargo container can be unloaded by performing the steps of loading in reverse order. For example, after the reference frame will be removed from the container, the vehicle can be set mainly in a horizontal position and then unloaded from the support frame by simply Congress with support frames.

As unloaded reference frame is not attached to the cargo container, there is no need to leave it in the container. Unloaded reference frame can then be placed in another cargo container and transported to another location, in the cat the rum require its use. Specified another location usually, but not necessarily the location in which it was done loading vehicles. The cargo container can be used to perform totally different tasks and there is no need to rework it for implementing the method according to the present invention. Preferably the support frame define a size, which can be transported unloaded several support frames in a standard freight container, for example putting one support frame on top of another support frame. According to one embodiments of the invention described below, six support frames can be stacked in a pile in the cargo container standard height.

According to the invention in the first aspect also provides a set of freight container and support frame, including a freight container, a support frame placed inside the container along its length, and for accommodation of vehicles next to each other, is arranged to move between a position in which its major part is placed inside the container and outside the container, in which the support frame includes a group of platform Assembly along the length of the support frame, each platform Assembly includes an appropriate platform that is installed with the possibility of rotation, and the corresponding manually the mechanism for placing the platform rotated position.

The set of the freight container and support frame preferably is intended for the above-described method and, therefore, it may include parts corresponding to the parts described above with respect to this method. For example, there is no need to secure the support frame to a cargo container and support frame may include one wheel or more. Each platform can be rotated at an angle from 10 to 30 degrees. Mechanism for each platform in the rotated position may be a lever mechanism. May be provided a locking mechanism, the mechanism of the knee and/or brake mechanism.

Although the use of manual mechanism is an essential element of the invention in its first aspect, it is not the essential feature of the invention in its broadest aspect. In this case, it is only an optional feature.

The present invention in its broadest aspect provides a method of loading vehicles in the cargo container, including the installation of vehicles next to each other on an elongated support frame, at least the main part of which is placed outside the container and the size of which is adjusted according to the size of the container, so that it can be placed inside the container along its length, and then move supports the th frame with the attached vehicles in the cargo container.

Similarly the present invention in its broadest aspect provides a set of freight container and support frame, including a freight container, a support frame installed inside the container along its length, and for accommodation of vehicles next to each other, is arranged to move between a position in which its major part is placed inside the container and outside the container.

The invention according to its broadest aspect may include any of the features described above for the first aspect of the invention. As will be hereinafter seen, according to a broad aspect of the present invention, the vehicle may be, for example, installed on the support frame in a generally horizontal position, and then can be installed, but not necessarily, in the rotated position. Installation in a rotated position can be carried out using a manual mechanism (or other way). Regardless of whether the installation is in a rotated position carried out using a manual mechanism or not, the rotation may include downward movement of one end portion of the vehicle.

The present invention further provides a reference frame for use in the collection of the freight container and support frame as described above.

p> Brief description of drawings

As an example, hereinafter will be described some embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings:

Figure 1 is a side view of the set from the cargo container and support frame on the first (early) phase of patrusky vehicles;

Figure 2 is a side view of a support frame and three vehicles on the second (next) stage of loading vehicles;

Figure 3 is a side view of one support frame in the middle stage of loading vehicles;

4 is a top view of a support frame, shown in Fig.z at the same stage of loading vehicles;

5 is a side view of the platform support frame, the front part of which is presented to the first position;

6 is a side view is shown in Figure 5 platform support frame, the front part of which is presented to the second position;

7 is a schematic view of the platform, which presents various front part, which can be used on the platform.

Fig - side view of the platform in a rotated position with the lever mechanism for platform installation in a rotated position;

Fig.9 is a side view in enlarged scale of part of the lever mechanism shown in Fig;

Figure 10 - side view of the platform and lever mechanism shown in Fig, but the platform is shown in untapped (the horizon is flax) position;

11 is a side view in enlarged scale of part of the lever mechanism shown in Figure 10;

Fig - side view of the lever mechanism in case of installation of the platform in the rotated position, the position of the platform in a rotated position;

Fig - top view shown in Fig lever mechanism in case of installation of the platform in the rotated position shown in Fig the position of the platform in a rotated position;

Fig - side view parts of the lever mechanism shown in Fig and Fig, in the position shown in Fig and Fig;

Fig - side view of the lever mechanism in case of installation of the platform in the rotated position, not the position of the platform in a rotated position;

Fig is a top view of the lever mechanism in the embodiment shown in Fig, in the position shown in Fig;

Fig - side view parts of the lever mechanism shown in Fig and Fig, in the position shown in Fig and Fig;

Fig - side view of the lever mechanism in another embodiment, not in position for installation of the platform in a rotated position; and

Fig - side view of the lever mechanism shown in Fig, but in the position of the platform in the rotated position.

The implementation of the invention

First, consider Figure 1, which presents functionability corresponding to the standard ISO freight container 1, the length of which in this particular example is 40 feet (12192 mm), and the supporting frame 2, which shows the first vehicle 3A. The cargo container 1 includes corresponding standard ISO corner fittings 4 on each of the eight corners and has closed sides, top and bottom, closed end part 5 and the open end portion 6 is closed by a pair of doors (not shown). The container has a floor 7 (shown in phantom lines). The design of the freight container 1 can fully meet the standards.

Support frame 2 has a pair of wheels 8 on one end. In figure 1 these wheels shown on the floor 7 of the container inside the container, and the main part of the support frame 2 is placed outside the container. Consider Figure 2 - Figure 4, on which the support frame includes three platforms 9A, 9B and 9C, which, as shown in figure 2, placed three cars 3A, 3B and 3C in the rotated position. As can be seen in figure 4, the platforms are installed next to each other and together form two tracks along the length of the support frame. In the end portion of the base frame 2 in front of the wheel 8 has a pair of inclined entrances 11 to race cars on a support frame and a stop on the platform 9A, 9B and 9C. When sloping entrances 11 are not used, they can be folded into a support frame. Each of the platforms 9A, 9B and 9C has basically the same design and forms part of the ratio is estoya platform Assembly, also includes a lever mechanism 12A, 12B and 12C with lever 13A, 13B and 13C (all of which are shown in figure 2). Examples of a lever mechanisms will be described next.

Figure 3 and Figure 4, the platform 9A shown in a rotated position. In this position, usually on the platform of the car is, but the image of the car has been omitted in order to more clearly consider the platform. Each of the platforms 9A, 9B and 9C has a pivoting front part 15, as shown more clearly in Figure 5 and 6, in which the platform is designated as 9. Pivoting front part 15 is rotated around a transverse horizontal axis 16. It can be set manually between the two positions shown in Figure 5 and 6. In the position shown in Figure 5, the free end 17 of the front part 15 acts up and defines the front boundary to the front wheels of the car, inserted on the platform. Figure 3 and Figure 4, the front part 15 of the platform 9A and 9B shown in the position represented in figure 5. In the position shown in Fig.6, the free end 17 of the front portion 15 is down and the front part 15 does not prevent the passage of the vehicle on the platform to the next platform. Figure 3 and Figure 4, the front part 15 of the platform 9C shows the position presented on Fig.6.

For vehicles of different lengths, it is desirable to provide for changing the size of the s the front part 15, as shown schematically in Fig.7, which presents an alternative length of the front part 15. It is preferable to adjust one front part 15 for each platform and resize the front part 15 depending on the size of the car, but if you want, you can use a set of several front parts on a single platform and set the front part of the desired size in the position shown in Figure 5. (Fig and Figure 10, each of the front part 15 shown in both positions, but it should be understood that there is only one front part).

As can be seen in figure 4, behind platforms 9A and 9B are placed a pair of small platforms 18A and 18B, respectively. These small platforms are part of the ruts for cars and rotated around the vertical axis shown in figure 4 between a work position behind the platform 9B, in which the platform is aligned with ruts and support wheels when moving from one platform to another, and is shown in Figure 4 for a camp position behind the platform 9A, in which a small platform rotated ninety degrees, leaving a space between adjacent platforms 9A and 9B, and the space for installation of the front part 15 of the platform 9 in the position shown in Figure 5.

A small platform 18A and 18B are installed with the possibility of rotation between the two positions with lever mechanisms 12A and 12B, respectively, as will be described later.

Behind the support frame 2 is provided a storage container in which you can store chain that is used when removing the reference frame of the cargo container.

When the door of the cargo container 1 is open and the supporting frame set, for example, using a forklift truck in the position shown in figure 1, in which the platform 9A, 9B and 9C are horizontally rotated position. Sloping entrances 11 is installed in the position shown in Figure 2 - Figure 4, and then drive three cars on the platform 9A, 9B and 9C. In figure 1 the first car shown in position after it is put in its place. Until the vehicle 3A is in its place, only the front part 17 of the platform 19 is installed in the position shown in Figure 1. As soon as the car is on its place in the position shown in Figure 1, it is then set in the rotated position by means of the lever 12A, as will be described later. During this setup in the rotated position of the small platforms 18A is turned into the position shown in Figure 4. Then turn the front part 17 of the platform 9 in the position shown in Figure 5, and driving a second car 3V on the platform 9V. Then use the lever 12V set the car 3B rotated state and turn a small platform 18V 90 degrees to position the platform 18A, shown in Figure 4. Then turn the front part 17 of the platform 9C in the position shown in Figure 5, and driving the third car on the platform 9C. Then use the lever 12C install car 3C in the rotated position. In this case, there is a small platform that you want to rotate. As you can see in figure 2, during installation in the rotated position the front wheels of each car move downwards, while the rear wheels are raised up. When installed in a rotated position of the center of gravity of each vehicle is shifted up, but the effort by which he rises, and decreases as the front of the car moves down.

As soon as the cars are installed in the position shown in figure 2, sloping entrances 11 fold, raise the rear end portion of the support frame 2, for example using a forklift truck, and push support frame 2 in the container 1, with the wheels 8 of the base frame to facilitate moving. The reference frame is the length of basically the entire container. With the installation of a car in a rotated position can accommodate three cars, each length of 4,500 mm, and the height of 1460 mm, in standard 40 feet (12192 mm) cargo container. For additional security, if required, hire you can bind to a reference Ramey/or support frame, fixed on the floor of the container.

As soon as the door closed container, the container can be transported in the same way as any other container that meets the requirements of ISO.

After arrival of container at the destination can unload the vehicles, carrying out the above steps in reverse order. If you want to eject the base frame 2 of the freight container 1 can instead forklift to use a chain attached to a forklift truck or other vehicle.

It can be noted that the support frame has a relatively small overall height, when the platform 9A, 9B and 9C are not installed in the rotated position, and can be laid in a stack of six or even seven reference frames, one support frame on top of another support frame, and conveying them back into standard cargo container in the loading of vehicles or any other place.

On Fig, 9, 10 and 11 shows the first variant of the lever mechanism for installation in a rotated position of each of the platforms 9A and 9B. The design of the lever mechanism for platform installation 9C in the rotated position is very similar to the first option, but a bit simpler and will be described later. On Fig, 9, 10 and 11 details in the parts 9A, 9B, 12A, 12B, 13A and 13B, are denoted by the same numerals, but without the letters a or B.

More convenient is beginning to describe the details of the lever with reference to Fig and 9, which mechanism 12 and the platform 9 is shown in a rotated position.

The platform 9 is installed on the axis 21 on the base frame 2 can be rotated around a horizontal axis perpendicular to the length of the support frame. The upper rod 22 and the lower rod 23 provide another connection between platform 9 and a supporting frame 2, the lower part of the lower links 23 are connected with the supporting frame, the axis of rotation 24, the upper part of the top link 22 is connected to frame the axis of rotation 25 and the upper part of the lower links 23 are connected with the lower part of the upper thrust 22 the axis of rotation 26.

The lever 13 is in a transition sleeve 27 and the base 28, which is connected with the supporting frame 2 the axis of rotation 29. The base 28 is connected to the upper and lower rods 22, 23 through the scenes 30 connected at one end of the axis of rotation 26 and at the other end of the axis of rotation 31 on the base 28. Although you could connect the lever 13 directly with one of the rods 22, 23, indirect connection through the connecting rod 30 has a greater angular movement of the lever 13, which is needed to move the platform 9 from a horizontal position to a rotated position, and, therefore, requires less effort working to implement the installation of the platform in the rotated position.

Also to the base 28 is attached hinge pin 32, which is on the other end is connected to the bracket 33 on which small is latform 18 is installed.

For movement of the platform rotated from the positions shown in Fig and 9, in the horizontal position shown in Figure 10 and 11, the lever 13 is turned clockwise around the axis of rotation 29.

As a consequence, the base 28 is rotated clockwise, lifting the lower part of the 30 scenes and turning clockwise the lower rod 23 and turning counterclockwise, the upper arm 22. Figure 9 you can spend an imaginary straight line between the axes of rotation 24 and 25, which allows us to see that the axis of rotation 26 begins at the position specified by a straight line (the middle line). Thus, the displacement of the centers of the mechanism, the platform is first rotated more, but after passing through the rotary axis 26 through Central line of rotation decreases.

As can be seen in the drawings, the lever 13 is rotated in the total angle of approximately 150 degrees when moving from the positions shown in Fig and 9, in the position shown in Figure 10 and 11. During this rotation, thrust 22 and 23 make approximately one quarter turn. Also due to the rotation of the base 28 of the rod 32 moves to the right, turning a small platform 18 from the position of the platform 18A, shown in figure 4, in the position of the platform 18, as shown in figure 4. For backward moving platforms in the rotated position of the lever peredvegatsa, changing the direction of movement of the mechanism on the back.

In the above description of such links on the direction of movement, as "clockwise"and "right"indicate the direction shown on the drawings. Also it should be understood that the lever mechanism is described as if he worked in the same vertical plane, although in reality it covers the width of the support frame, for example, the rod 32 is located on each side of the support frame for rotation of the respective small platform 18.

As can now be understood, the lever mechanism 12C is the same exactly as the mechanisms 12A and 12B, except that there are no rods 32, so there is not necessary due to the fact that behind the platform 12C there is a small rotating platforms.

While some drawings of each lever mechanism 12A, 12B and 12C shown with its own lever 13A, 13B and 13C, it should be understood that the lever 13 can be removed from the transition sleeve 27, in which it is installed, and thus can be used only one arm.

On Fig-Fig shows a variant of the above-described lever mechanism with links to Fig-11. Option mechanism similar in many respects to the mechanism shown in Fig-11, and the parts corresponding to the parts on Fig-11, are denoted by the same numerals. The mechanism shown in Fig-Fig, includes two additional parts that will be described next.

First of all, the lever mechanism includes a locking lever 41, which can be used for movement of the locking rod 42 along its horizontal axis (i.e. up and down, as seen on Fig and 16). The locking rod is preloaded by a compression spring 43 to the position in the inward direction (the upper position, as seen in Fig and 16), but can be moved to work in the outward direction by overcoming the resistance of the spring 43. As shown in Fig, the locking pin 42 in position in the direction prevents inward movement of the rotated position, as it rests on the portion of the base 27. However, if the locking rod 42 moves work in an outward direction when the movement of the lever 41 in an outward direction, the rod moves away from the base 27 and the mechanism can move. On Fig shows the locking rod is moved in an outward direction. Also on Fig shows the pin 44, which is in position in the inward direction, shown in Fig placed in the hole part 45, but that which comes out of the holes when you move the lever 41 in an outward direction. Thus, the lever is held in the unlocked position by studs 44 from the hole part 45 in the lever.

Interlocking the second rod 42 is also used to lock the lever in position, the corresponding unrotated position of the platform. In this case, the relevant parts are in the position shown in Fig, while the end of the rod 42 abuts against another part of the base 27 and thereby prevents movement of the mechanism from an unrotated position. Of course, this takes place when the lever 41 is in position in the inward direction (shown in Fig), but not in position in the outward direction (shown in Fig). As has been described, the locking lever 41 can be extended outward to the position shown in Fig, while the end of the locking rod 42 moves away from the base 27 and the mechanism may return shown in Fig - Fig a position in which the platform is rotated position.

Thus, in the first embodiment of the lever locking mechanism used to lock the lever in a rotated position, and in an unrotated position of the platform.

In the second embodiment, the lever mechanism added retarding hydraulic cylinder 46, which is known. The cylinder includes a piston with a small hole, through which can pass the oil through which slows down the movement of the piston and the spring returns the piston to the position in the outward direction. The piston is protruding out of the end frequent is 47, shown in Fig, 15. As you can see in these drawings, when the mechanism for installation in a rotated position moves in an unrotated position (Fig), part of the mechanism (part of the base 27) pushes in the direction of the inward end portion 47 of the piston and thereby stop is less sharply. Therefore reduces the risk of work injury and damage the mechanism.

Thus, in the second embodiment, the lever mechanism is added to slow the cylinder, providing a less dramatic inhibition of the parts of the mechanism when they reach either of the end positions.

On Fig and 19 shows another variant of the above-described lever mechanism with links to Fig-11. This version of the mechanism is also similar in many respects to the mechanism shown in Fig-11, and the parts corresponding to the parts on Fig-11, are denoted by the same numerals. The mechanism shown in Fig and 19, includes another variation of a locking mechanism that can be used to lock each of the arms of the lever 13A-13C in each of its end positions.

In the device shown in Fig and 19, the support frame includes two hooks 51 and 52 in the area of each lever handles. Both hook 51 and 52 are elastically displaced in a vertical position, but can be rotated against the direction elastic displacement in the rotated position. The hook 51 p is varchives clockwise (as seen on Fig and 19) around the rotation axis 53 in a rotated position. On Fig it is shown in a rotated position, and Fig in a vertical position. The hook 52 is rotated counterclockwise (as seen in Fig and 19) around the axis of rotation 54 in the rotated position (not shown). On Fig and 19 it is shown in a vertical position. Elastic displacement of each of the hook 51, 52 is provided by a torsion spring (not shown). The upper surface of each of the hook 51, 52 determines the corresponding inclined curved surface 55, 56, and each arm 13 includes pins 57, 58.

The pin 57 is located on the handle 13 so that as the movement of the arm toward the position shown in Fig (unrotated position of the platform 9), the pin 57 has entered into engagement with the curved surface 55 of the hook 51, causing the rotation of the hook in a clockwise direction (as seen in Fig) in the position shown in Fig. When the handle 13 is moved to the position shown in Fig, the pin 57 is in the notch 59 of the hook 51, the hook returns to a vertical position and the arm 13 is held in the end position, the hook 51. To unlock the arm 13, so that it could be rotated to install the platform 9 in the rotated position, the operator manually rotates the hook 51 in a clockwise direction, as seen in Fig, and then he can lift up on the handle. As soon as the pin 57 moves away from the hook 51, the elastic hook is shifted to the vertical position, shown in Fig.

The pin 58 is located on the handle 13 so that as the movement of the arm toward the position shown in Fig rotated position of the platform 9), the pin 58 has entered into engagement with the curved surface 56 of the hook 52, causing the rotation of the hook counterclockwise (as seen in Fig). When the handle 13 is moved to the position shown in Fig, the pin 58 fits into a recess 60 of the hook 52, the hook returns to a vertical position and the arm 13 is held in the end position, the hook 52. To unlock the arm 13, so that it could be rotated into the position shown in Fig, an operator manually rotates the hook 52 counterclockwise (as seen in Fig) and then he can lift up on the handle. As soon as the pin 58 moves away from the hook 52, the hook is elastically displaced in the vertical position shown in Fig.

It should be understood that although particular embodiments of the invention have been described with reference to the accompanying drawings, many modifications in these embodiments of the invention can be made without going beyond the scope of the invention defined in the claims. Also it should be understood that the characteristic described in relation to one particular example, the invention may be used in another example of the invention, if it is enabled the but. For example, slowing down the cylinder 46 may be used in option arm mechanism shown in Fig and 19.

1. The method of loading vehicles in the cargo container, including the installation of vehicles next to each other on an elongated support frame, at least the major part of which is placed outside the container and which adjust the size of the container by placing a support frame inside the container along its length, and then moving reference frame with the attached vehicles in the cargo container, wherein the vehicle is moved on a support frame rotated about its transverse axis, with the end part of one vehicle feature above or below the adjacent end part of the other vehicle, and the vehicle set the base frame in a generally horizontal position, and then set in the rotated position using a manual mechanism.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the quality of vehicles used cars.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the reference frame used is free from attachment to the container.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the front of one vehicle feature under the adjacent rear is part of another vehicle.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the installation of the vehicle in the rotated position includes a downward movement of one end portion of the vehicle.

6. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that, as specified mechanism using a lever mechanism.

7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the set vehicle in the rotated position by movement of the free end of the lever over a distance of 1 m

8. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the lever mechanism is fixed in positions corresponding mainly rotated position of the vehicle and/or horizontal position of the vehicle.

9. The method according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the vehicle turn angle of between 10 to 30° from the horizontal.

10. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the container includes a closed end portion and an open end portion through which move the support frame when installing vehicles in the container.

11. The method according to claim 10, characterized in that the vehicle is installed in the container front part toward the front part of the container.

12. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the set three vehicles next to each other on the supporting frame and Remedium them in the container.

13. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that it further includes subsequent transport container defined in it means of transport from one place to another.

14. The method of transportation vehicles, including loading of vehicles in the cargo container, shipping container installed in his vehicle, moving a support frame installed on her vehicle from the container in a position in which at least most of it is placed outside the container, and subsequent unloading of vehicles with a support frame, wherein the loading of vehicles is done according to claim 1.

15. The method according to 14, characterized in that it further includes placing unloaded reference frame in another cargo container and its transportation to another location specified in another container.

16. The method according to item 15, characterized in that place the group unloaded reference frames in the specified other freight container, and transport them to another place specified in another container.

17. The set of the freight container and support frame, including a freight container, a support frame placed inside the container along its length, and for accommodation of vehicles next to each other, done is nnow can move between positions when most of it is placed inside the container and outside the container, wherein the support frame includes a group of platform Assembly along the length of the support frame, and each platform Assembly includes an appropriate platform that is installed with the possibility of rotation, and the corresponding manual mechanism for platform installation in the rotated position.

18. Set on 17, characterized in that the supporting frame is free from attachment to the container.

19. Set on 17, characterized in that the mechanism for placing the platform rotated position is made with possibility of installation of the platform in the rotated position and includes a downward movement of one end portion of the vehicle.

20. Set on 17, wherein each platform is rotated at an angle from 10 to 30°.

21. Set on 17, characterized in that the mechanism for each platform in the rotated position is a lever mechanism.

22. Set in item 21, characterized in that it further includes a locking mechanism for locking the lever in positions corresponding to the rotated position of the vehicle and/or horizontal position of the vehicle.

23. Set according to item 22, wherein the locking mechanism includes an elastic shifting to lock the relevant item.

24. Set according to item 23, wherein the locking mechanism includes two locking parts, the first of which is installed to lock the mechanism in the position corresponding to the rotated position of the vehicle, and the second set for the fixation mechanism in a position corresponding mainly to the horizontal position of the vehicle.

25. Set according to any one of p-24, characterized in that it further includes a brake mechanism for reducing the speed of movement of parts of the support frame as they move closer to one or both end positions.

26. The application of support frames in the set of the freight container and support frame, made by any p-25.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport engineering; materials handling and carrying devices.

SUBSTANCE: quarry dump truck loading device has frame 2, sides, plate 3 for rock material and drive to displace the plate. Plate is made horizontal connecting lower edges of vertically orientated sides. Two-side plow knockout 6 with working edges limited by cylindrical surfaces with bending towards each other is arranged between sides for resting on plate and sliding along sides on plate. Upper part of plow knockout has carriages 17 for guides of upper edges of sides. Rock material to be delivered into dump trucks is located at both sides from plow knockout which in arranged in middle part of plate in initial position.

EFFECT: provision of continuous operation of excavator and dump trucks.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; loading facilities.

SUBSTANCE: proposed self-sinking vehicle contains body 1 installed on chassis which accommodates flexible tape 2 equal to width of body, with rods and slings secured on ends of rods for fastening on fixed object at loading. Flexible members in form of cables are laid along lower surface of tape and are secured on said rods. Nuts are riveted to flexible tape into which load-fastening members are turned. Pair of sheaves 9 is rigidly secured in front part of body to floor, and pair of detachable sheaves 10 is arranged from outer sides of boards for turning relative to support axle. Holes are made in side boards to pass cables with hooks. Stop is installed over loop near sheave of floor-mounted pair to hold loop of sling when hook is unhooked. Removable slide with members of fastening to body floor is secured on body.

EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities.

3 cl, 5 dwg

The invention relates to loading and unloading operations, in particular for loading wagons dusty materials

The invention relates to rail trucks for transportation of bulky machinery & loading

The invention relates to methods for transportation of bulk materials in the rolling stock in bulk

The invention relates to the transportation of goods, in particular sheet steel, rail

The invention relates to a loading-unloading machines and can be used in the packing of the goods into stack

The invention relates to a boot device and can be used to load bulk material in vehicles, such as railroad tank cars

The invention relates to the field of loading loose materials in open vehicles (rail cars, cargo vehicles) and their transportation speeds, contributing to the weathering detail of the vehicles in the environment

Container // 2438950

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed container consists of body with doors, platform that makes its bottom, two rear wheels rigidly fixed on said platform and two front wheels that turn about vertical axis, rotary mechanism with braking device and hitch. Said rotary mechanism is made up of handle-type steering tie rod coupled with front pivoting wheels by means of eyelets welded to axle center to turn in vertical plane and "П"-like lever welded to said handle coupled with brackets arranged on front pivoting wheels axle sides. Aforesaid braking device is made up of pressure frame with blocks connected with "П"-like lever by con rod. Note here that barrel is arranged between said eyelets at aforesaid center to turn horizontally through 300° and coupled by bearings with fixed vertical axle rigidly secured on said platform.

EFFECT: perfected design.

1 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: system includes a water tank consisting of a housing 1 with a lid 2, water consumers, apparatus for filling the water tank with water, apparatus for removing solid particles from the water and apparatus for disinfecting the water. The housing 1 and the lid 2 of the water tank are made from composite materials and are coated with a layer 3 of edible polyethylene on the inside. The housing 1 of the water tank is divided into sections by intersecting partitions made from edible polyethylene, having in their lower part holes which allow water to flow on the labyrinth formed by the partitions. The edible polyethylene contains an additive of bactericidal substance. The apparatus for removing solid particles from the water have a filter 15 mounted at the bottom of the water tank. The apparatus for disinfecting water are in form of a flow-type disinfection chamber fitted with a UV radiator 13, an ultrasonic generator and a transfer pump whose outlet nozzle is connected to the inlet nozzle of the disinfection chamber. The outlet nozzle of the disinfection chamber is connected to the first compartment of the labyrinth and the suction inlet of the transfer pump 10 is connected to the last compartment of the labyrinth.

EFFECT: high rate of disinfection and removal of impurities from the water with improved quality of the water.

6 cl, 5 dwg

Container platform // 2426681

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to container platforms with no top frame intended for transfer of some types of container and count cargoes. Container comprises all-metal frame 1 and two face walls 2 to transform into vertical and horizontal positions and be rigidly locked in vertical position, and fittings. Besides, it comprises thermomechanical reversing converter made from alloy with shape memory 3, flexible electric heater, power return mechanism, mechanical unit and lateral thrust posts 8 pivoted to all-metal frame 1. Sad frame supports said thermomechanical reversing converter 3 made up of hollow cylinder jointed with power return mechanism and flexible electric heater to interact with aforesaid unit, face wall 2 and platform frame 1.

EFFECT: ease of mounting.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to container operating platform system 5. Proposed system comprises adjustable operating platform 6 that may be rearranged between horizontal operating condition and initial position. Said platform is arranged so that, when in initial position, it enters completely the container inside space, while in horizontal operating position it forms a horizontal platform. Note here that operating platform may turn. Note also that in its initial it stays vertically to cover appropriate container zone. Operating platform incorporates protective elements 26 and has extreme zone 22 that surrounds, at least, partially, operating zone with walkways 24 to make said extreme zone 22 adjoining said operating zone to form receiving space 26 to receive movable protective elements 28. The latter, when folded, easily enter inside inner space to prevent access into receiving space 26 from outside with operating platform in initial position.

EFFECT: perfected design, higher safety.

8 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport; packaging.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for address delivery of goods and refers to goods transportation devices in containers from consigner to consignee. Goods transportation container includes side and end walls, one of which includes an opening with goods loading and unloading door, door locking device, container fixing devices located on outer surface at least of two walls, data transfer device in the form of bar code and in the form of wireless communication devices, and wheels are installed in fixing devices. Goods transportation system is made in the form of rail track installed on the base from consigner to consignee, and equipped with electric and electromechanical drives installed along rail track so that drives can inform the movement along rail track to containers by means of mechanical transmission, for example friction one. Container is installed directly on rail track and container is transported to consignee directly along this rail track.

EFFECT: direct delivery of containers from consigner to consignee without performing intermediate operations.

41 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: gas-and-oil producing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to oil engineering, particularly to mobile service centres for hydraulic downhole motors, jarring devices and elements of drill strings designed for their arrangement near rigs in regions difficult to access in Northern latitudes. The mobile service centre for downhole motors, jarring devices and elements of drill strings consists of the first and second transport containers tied with lengthwise sides and equipped with an external cantilever and internal bridge cranes. Inside a room there is arranged a hydraulic wrench for screwing and unscrewing threaded connections of downhole motors, jarring devices and elements of drill strings, a unit for screwing and unscrewing threaded connections of smaller diametre, a service vice, a workbench, a tool cabinet, a pressure washing device, a sump in a floor and also a test bench for jarring devices equipped with a hydraulic cylinder of double-ended action. Before a swinging gate there are arranged support platforms with roller beds. The external cantilever crane is erected on its own support platform. The third transport conveyer is installed between the roller beds. A diagnosis bench for non-destructive check of parts of downhole motors, jarring devices and elements of drill strings is located inside the third transport conveyer. Also, there is installed a bridge crane travelling along whole length of its internal space.

EFFECT: safe placement of long length parts; labour-saving service procedures.

11 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transportation of liquid cargoes to main pipelines construction sites. In compliance with this invention, liquid materials, fuels and lubricants are carried in closed tank cars provided with draining and filling devices. Tank car represents standard steel pipe with plugged ends furnished with drain and fill valves and accessories. Note here that plugs are arranged so as to allow pipe use to its designated purpose.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of construction, improved environmental conditions.

16 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aerospace engineering and aims at keeping spacecraft clean in transportation. Container cleaned, shell fabric is covered additionally on top and lateral sides by unwinding n-layer coiled fabric from the drum partially. Note here that shell fabric is secured to outer surface by mans of fastening tapes. Proposed device represents a transportation container consisting of the base and body mounted thereon. Note here that sealing gasket 4 are arranged along the edges of joint between the base and the body. The base is provided with plug-in bracket with receiving platform to support drum with aforesaid wound shell fabric. Note here that rotational axis of said drum is located in horizontal plane, perpendicular to base lengthwise axis.

EFFECT: reduced labour input, and contamination of body and base outer surfaces.

4 cl, 11 dwg

Transport container // 2412098

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to containers to accommodate special equipment, namely, spacecraft, for their transportation and storage. Proposed container comprises base and body, running wheels, tie-down fittings and slings, and spacecraft support arranged on the base below the body. Said base incorporates cargo platform arranged outside the body. Working surface of said platform is arranged in horizontal plane directed upward. Cargo platform lengthwise axis is aligned with that of the base. Working surface of the platform accommodates fasteners of packages with surface supplementary equipment. Cargo platform may be coupled with the base by knock-down hinges and cover retainers. Cargo platform accommodates additional running wheels, tie-down fittings and slings.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

5 cl, 6 dwg

Container // 2408515

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to spacecraft transportation containers. Proposed container comprises base with cover, support assembly arranged the base to interact with spacecraft on the side of joint with carrier rocket, and additional support assembly interacting with temporary frame secured to spacecraft. Main support assembly represents a jointing platform pivoted on to two posts secured on the base and comprising aligned split eyes interacting with journals of jointing platform. Jointing platform interacts with spacecraft and incorporates spacecraft fasteners. Additional support assembly is made up of guide bars mounted on the platform. Support shells coupled with temporary frame interact with guide bars. Distance between the base and lengthwise axis of split eyes exceeds that between the base and center of masses of spacecraft.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances.

4 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to sheet spring support structure. Transport facility suspension comprises body and support element. Support element near end is secured to transport facility body nearby central axial line. Support element far end comprises eye for guy rope and moves along arc-like trajectory formed by circumference with center at central axial line.

EFFECT: higher reliability.

18 cl, 6 dwg

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