Biologically active food additive of concentrated walnut extract which additive is encapsulated and produced in form of soft gelatinous capsules

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry, in particular, to biologically active food additives. The biologically active food additive consists of an active component and accessory substances. The active substance is represented by a concentrated milky-wax ripeness walnut extract produced by way of walnut extract evaporation till moisture content is 30%. The accessory substances are represented by PEG-400 and glycerol. The additive contains the components at the following ratio, wt %: concentrated milky-wax ripeness walnut extract - 75-78, PEG-400 - 14-17, glycerol - 7-9. The biologically active food additive is encapsulated and produced in the form of soft gelatinous capsules.

EFFECT: invention allows to produce a new biologically active food additive being a source of flavonoids, tannins and vitamin C and having high biological activity.

2 tbl, 1 ex

 

The invention relates to food industry, in particular biologically active additives, which are a source of flavonoids and tannins.

The most common way of optimizing human nutrition today is the use of biologically active food additives (BAA), which may enter into the composition of the food or independently.

In recent years, much interest has grown in biologically active drugs of plant origin. This is essential and vegetable oils, tannins, vitamin concentrates. Great attention is paid to the study of their nature, biological activities, mechanisms of action of components of bioregulators on living organisms. Use walnuts to create BAD known.

Known biologically active additive "Extract of a walnut" (http://www.herbalrussia.ru/%7Bd5016b31-b3ff-48bc-ab1b-dca75df5625a%7D.htm produced LLC CPI "Paraform", consisting of the extract of the leaves of the walnut, cellulose microcrystalline (E), lactose, magnesium stearate (E), juice, fruit concentrate (pineapple, raspberry, lemon, etc.), Aerosil. This extract walnut exhibits a favorable effect on pathological processes in the body. Raw material for obtaining an extract of walnut is green, but ernesa shell of its fruit at the stage of milky stage.

The disadvantage of this BAA is an individual intolerance to the components, pregnancy, breast-feeding. Do not specify quantitative composition active substance, and therefore unknown and content in this BAD of flavonoids and tannins.

Known BAD extract walnut, consisting of an extract of walnut (Juglans regia) and excipients (http://myhappylife.ru/chastie/1-04/rast_769.html produced phytoprotective company "Happiness of Life".

A disadvantage of the known BAD is an individual intolerance to the components, pregnancy, lactation, children under 12 years, the high cost of the drug.

Known encapsulated BAD "Polymerized", manufactured LLC Fromproduct" (http://hotline.pharmcontrol.ru/hotline/2009/05/29/badpoliparacid/), which includes: extract of walnut (Juglans regia), extract sandy immortelle (Helichrysum arenarium), extract of chamomile (Chamomilla recutita), auxiliary substances. BAD "Polymerized" has on the human body is a complex effect, due to the biological activity of its constituent components. Is the source of flavonoids, tannin.

The disadvantage is individual intolerance to the components, pregnancy, breast-feeding.

A common disadvantage of the known food additives is the presence of alcohol, which gives restrictions aprofessionally and age-related applications.

From the literature and patent search revealed no technical solutions, similar to declare that gives you the opportunity to talk about the criterion of "novelty."

Task - create a new biologically active additives based on vegetable components, which are a source of flavonoids, tannins and vitamin C, which can be used alone due to its easy implementation, no age and professional constraints.

The technical result is the creation of biologically active food supplements from walnuts, which are a source of flavonoids, tannins and vitamin C, which is convenient to use by performing it in the form of soft gelatin capsules is an independent BAD, has no restrictions on age and professional use.

The technical result is achieved through the creation of biologically active food supplements, consisting of active and auxiliary substances, while the active ingredient is a concentrated extract of walnut milky-wax ripeness, obtained by evaporation of the extract of walnut to a moisture content of 30%; as auxiliary substances selected PEG-400 and glycerol in the following components, wt.%:

concentrated extract of walnut
milky-wax ripeness75-78%
PEG-40014-17%
glycerol7-9%,

capsulized and is obtained in the form of soft gelatin capsules.

Of scientific publications of the "Institute of Microbiology and immunology. Mechnikov medical Sciences it is known that vegetable tannins belong to one of the most common groups of antioxidant polyphenols found in food and drinks and pay much attention of researchers for quite a long time due to their multifunctional role in safeguarding human health. These various tannins can be divided into two large groups: condensed and hydrolyzable. Hydrolyzable tannins, ellagitannin, in the process of hydrolysis leads to the formation of ellagic acid, other hydrolyzable tannins are gallotannin. Unlike condensed tannins, which are widespread in the plant world, ellagitannin were found only in the organs of angiosperms some families.

Significant progress in the confirmation of the structures of many tannins products in the Ah supply, beverages and medicinal plants began with the 1980-ies. Studies have been conducted in vitro and in vivo biological activity is most important for human health tannins in the group ellagitannins. The high affinity of tannins to various biopolymers such as enzymes, antioxidant effect is based on the antiradical activity that is key to their diverse biological effects. It is known that the group of tannins presented in walnut and has a biological activity: shows powerful antioxidant, antidiabetic, antiviral, protivomaskitnye, antimicrobial and antifungal effects of these compounds. It is known that the pharmacological activity of ellagitannins related inhibition and appears as in models in vitro and in animal models with very low toxicity. Conclusions about the prospects of introduction of preparations on the basis of ellagitannins as a new and relatively unknown group of natural compounds.

There is confirmation of the medical center at the University of Madrid that ellagic acid has numerous positive effects on the body: activates detoxification enzymes in the liver, as a result of purification of the decay products are carcinogenic cells in serum; prevents binding Kanz is Roganov with the structure of DNA in the cells; serves as a scavenger and antioxidant in the highest degree destructive oxygen free radicals; prevents defects at birth, the development of heart disease, accelerates the healing process in wounds and cleanse the liver from fibrous growths due to contamination of various chemicals.

Flavonoids are part of the walnuts and determine their value as a food product. Flavonoids are among the so-called antioxidants, i.e. substances that protect the cells of our body from harmful free radicals. High biological activity of flavonoids are due to the presence of antioxidant properties. It was also established the important role of flavonoids in the regulation of activity of enzymes of the metabolism of xenobiotics. Free radicals are molecules containing oxygen, unstable, and if they are in our body too much, it can lead to irreparable damage to our cells (for example, malignant tumors). Flavonoids are able oxidized to free radicals, and therefore get greater chemical resistance. Scientific studies show that consumption of flavonoids for people is extremely important for long-term and stable health. Calculation of positive actions is long. Regular intake of a person support the side of our immune system, reduce the harmful effects of various carcinogens and slow the growth of malignant tumor cells, have the ability to prevent damage to cellular DNA. According to the Methodical recommendations (Mr 2.3.1.2432-08, p. Rational nutrition) regular consumption of flavonoids leads to a significant reduction in the risk of cardiovascular diseases. High biological activity of flavonoids are due to the presence of antioxidant properties. It was also established the important role of flavonoids in the regulation of activity of enzymes of the metabolism of xenobiotics. The recommended levels of intake for adults is 250 mg/day, for children from 150-250 mg/day.

Walnut is known for its medicinal properties worldwide. All parts of the plant contain many biologically active substances. Medicinal raw materials mainly are leaves and fresh unripe fruits. It is known that the leaves of the walnut contains quinones (naphthoquinone uglon, α-hereupon, β-hereupon), flavonoids (hyperoside, 3-arabinoside quercetin 3-arabinoside kaempferol), vitamin b, ascorbic acid (4-5%), tannins and ellagic Golosova acid, carotenoids.

PEG-400 - gidroskopicheskie liquid biologically harmless, exhibits antimicrobial stability, retains moisture. In the claimed BAD is used as structurable the respective accessory component.

The choice of PEG-400 for obtaining biologically active additives was dictated by the fact that this gidroskopicheskie liquid compatible with a large group of active substances, does not prevent their absorption. It was found that the polyethylene glycol enhances the action of the active substances. Polyethylene racks for storage, not subject to contamination, well releases the drug. The amount of PEG-400, taken less than 14%reduces the viscosity of the claimed BAD and difficulties arise when kapsulirovanie. The amount of PEG-400, taken more than 17%, makes BAD too thin, which badly affects the storage of capsules, they are deformed.

Glycerol improves consistency, increases the viscosity, protects from drying out. It has antiseptic properties. Used as a preservative. When using glycerol less than 7% may change the viscosity of the filler, its drying. When using glycerol over 9% is a more liquid consistency, which negatively affects the storage capsules.

Evaporation of the extract to a moisture content of 30% is sufficient and necessary to produce the required consistency and concentration of the extract, which contains the current number of active substances, flavonoids, tannins and vitamin C. In the process of evaporation the evaporation of alcohol and thus removed p is atelophobia by age and professional use. Increase measure humidity keeps the alcohol content in the inventive biologically active additive, thereby contributing restrictions on age and professional use. Decrease measure humidity makes the declared biologically active Supplement is more dense, which is difficult to decapsulate.

It is found experimentally that when the selected ratio of the components is achieved, the desired effectiveness of the biological activity. Wygodnie beyond quantitative indicators leads to the deterioration of the biological activity of the components.

Technology of preparation stated biologically active additives is preparing a concentrated extract of walnut milk ripeness and mixing it with auxiliary substances, with subsequent kapsulirovaniem and receiving in the form of soft gelatin capsules. To produce a concentrated extract use nuts milky-wax ripeness, which are crushed and filled with 96% ethanol, then brewed, filtered. The extract is evaporated to a moisture content of 30%. Then the extract is mixed with PEG-400 and glycerol in the specified quantitative intervals, capsulebuy and receive in the form of soft gelatin capsules.

An example of a specific implementation.

Preparation of extract of walnut is Rech was carried out by soaking the crushed fruit of the walnut 96% ethyl alcohol in a ratio of 1:1, in stainless tanks. Fruits insisted, stirring occasionally. The resulting infusion was filtered. Then the extract was evaporated to a moisture content of 30% and received a concentrated extract.

Mixed 770 g of the obtained extract, 150 g of PEG-400 and 80 g of glycerol. The mixture was thoroughly stirred to homogeneity. The resulting mixture was applied to encapsulation. Then the capsules were submitted to drying in special trays. Received 1800 pieces of the finished capsules.

Mass SUPPLEMENTS in the form of soft gelatin capsules - 0,550-0,580,

To estimate BAD for compliance as a source of biologically active substances was determined by quantitative indicators of flavonoids by spectrophotometry and tannins, which was determined by titrimetric method. Quantitative indicators of vitamin C was determined according to GOST 24556-89. The data are given in table 1.

This Supplement meets the hygienic requirements for safety and nutrition value of food products for the sanitary-epidemiological rules and norms SanPiN 2.3.2.1078-01, which are given in table 2.

Evaporation of the extract allows you to get a BAD alcohol free, which is important for use without restrictions on age and professional use.

Received BAD is a new biological active additive based on herbal ingredients and is a source of flavonoids, tannins and vitamin C. It can be recommended for individual use due to its easy implementation, has no age and professional constraints.

Table 1
IndicatorsA number of biologically active substances, mg/caps.
Flavonoids15
Tannins40-90
Vitamin C30

Table 2
Index, product groupQMAFAnM CFU/g, not more thanWeight of product (g)where not allowedYeast CFU/g, not more thanMould CFU/g, not more thanNote
BGK (coliforms)E. coliS. aureusPathogenic, including Salmonella
BAD plant-based - tableted, encapsulated the s powder 2•101-2•102NoNoNoNo<1·101<1·101<1·101

Biologically active food Supplement consisting of active substances and excipients, characterized in that the active ingredient is a concentrated extract of walnut milky-wax ripeness, obtained by evaporation of the extract of walnut to a moisture content of 30%; as auxiliary substances selected PEG-400 and glycerol at the following content, wt.%:

concentrated extract of walnut
milky-wax ripeness75-78
PEG-40014-17
glycerol7-9,

in this case, the additive capsulebuy and receive in the form of soft gelatin capsules.



 

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