System of floor covering, having multiple areas of combination

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: elements of flooring include decorative patterns produced by mechanical stamping with combination of surfaces texture, periphery with a groove and mechanisms or fixation facilities. By arrangement of parts of decorative patterns along edges of the flooring element it is possible to form a periodical pattern of flooring, having dimensions that are larger than dimensions of a separate flooring element, through arrangement of identical flooring elements near each other in horizontal direction and next to each other in vertical direction.

EFFECT: reduction of labour costs during installation of flooring elements having decorative patterns.

10 cl, 19 dwg

 

Description

The present invention relates to construction materials, including materials for flooring, cladding and laminated materials. More precisely the present invention relates to a floor covering of the elements of the flooring with locking compound with decorative designs, and texture of the surface, which is obtained by mechanical embossing with a combination in accordance with their decorative designs.

Due to its appearance and sensations at the touch of traditional building and finishing materials for floor coverings, such as precious woods, stove, granite, stones, bricks and concrete, as a rule, are preferred for consumers. However, for such traditional building and finishing materials floor coverings tend to be expensive to manufacture and install. For example, despite the fact that the solid wood floor is very luxurious appearance, the cost of materials and labor required for the installation of such floors can be prohibitive.

There are many alternatives to traditional construction and finishing materials floor coverings, including laminates, such as high pressure laminates (HPL), the direct pressure laminates (DPL) and the constant pressure laminates (CPL). However, such alternatives to the to the rule, not have a realistic appearance and texture of traditional building and finishing materials for floor coverings. For example, most of the alternatives, with the outer surface with the appearance under the tree, look artificial and can easily be identified as something other than real wood. In addition, despite the fact that the plates of high quality laminates high pressure laminates direct pressure and constant pressure laminates visually can be in the form of a tree, textures clearly show that they are not wooden.

One problem associated with most alternatives to traditional construction and finishing materials floor coverings, is that the texture of their surfaces do not meet their decorative drawings. For example, the visual image of the knots in the wood in alternative materials for floor coverings do not meet the characteristics of the surface texture of the knots in the wood. Accordingly, the attractiveness of these alternative materials is significantly reduced.

One approach, used for matching the surface texture of alternative materials for floor coverings with their decorative drawings, includes a technology known as chemical embossing. The chemical embossed surface texture of al is ernatives material create through chemical reactions paint, which forms a decorative pattern, with a substance that is added to the subsurface layer. Despite the fact that the result to some extent it is successful, the resulting surface texture tends not to have a clarity of texture and three-dimensional characteristics of traditional materials.

As an alternative to traditional construction and finishing materials floor coverings laminated materials may be subjected to mechanical embossing to obtain a surface texture. See, for example, the patent application U.S. 09/903807 and U.S. patent No. 6401415, which is hereby incorporated in this application by reference. Such methods allow to obtain printed with the composite laminate material having a decorative drawings and relevant high-quality three-dimensional textures. Printed with a combination of laminated materials require precise alignment of the mechanical embossing and decorative figure. The advantage embossed with composite laminated materials is that they can realistically reproduce the appearance of traditional products and the feeling when touched to traditional products.

Regardless of what type of system floor covering is used, the system floor covering must be able to easily move e is to the working area, and when this should be easy and quick installation. For this purpose, the mechanisms for assembling and fixing can be included in a system of floor coverings for easy installation on site. One type of mechanism for assembling and fixing is the system sportowego connections used to connect the panels. It should be borne in mind that such systems sheet compounds disclosed in U.S. patent No. 2057135 in the name of Cherry and U.S. patent No. 2046593 in the name of Urbain. For example, figure 1 can be interpreted as illustrating the system 11 sportowego connection, which uses clamps 12 to bond the panels together.

It is believed that another type of mechanism Assembly and fixing disclosed in U.S. patent No. 3946529 name Chevau in which the system 13 floor covering is shown as connected through the use of sportowego connection located under the floor, see figure 2.

Another mechanism of Assembly and fixing disclosed in U.S. patent No. 5295341 name Kajiwara. In this case, means that the laminated plate is provided with the system to connect them together with a snap, such as grooved connection. In the laminated plate can be assembled without glue. As shown in figure 3, the laminated plate is provided with a locking mechanism in the form of connector 16 with the tongue and connector comb 1. The connector 16 with the tongue is protruding dowels 20, while the comb 18 is made with a pair of diverging in the direction of the forward side walls 22 and 24, which are separated by an elongated groove 26. The side walls have a rear locking surface 28 and 36. The side walls can be compressed together to allow the commit.

Another type of mechanism or means for assembling and fixing represents a connection with a snap, as proposed in U.S. patent No. 6101778 name Märtensson. As shown in figure 4, provides that the laminated plate is made with locking means consisting of a tongue 6 and the ridge 7, which form a sheet pile connection. The tongue 6 and groove 7 can be made of waterproof material and are connected together by snap through part 9, part of the groove 4.

Despite the fact that the above-mentioned means for assembling and fixing proven their usefulness, they are not used together with systems from embossed with a combination of laminate, which is embossed with a combination of decorative pictures or graphic elements are combined in the connections between individual printed with a combination of laminated elements. This significantly impairs the visual impression and the impression of the texture of systems consisting of embossed with a combination of laminated plates. Follow the consequently, the new system of embossed with a combination of laminated elements, in which visual and textural patterns "pass through" connection while maintaining features embossed with a combination of elements that would have been preferable. Even more preferable would be a system of embossed with a combination of laminated elements, consisting of staple printed with a combination of laminated plates, in which visual and textural patterns "pass through" connection, while maintaining features embossed with a combination of elements.

In addition, the above system of floor coverings have relatively low wear resistance. Despite the lack of desire to be limited to any particular theory, as the hypothesis assumes that premature aging (wear) begins on the peripheral edges or near peripheral edges and/or along the lines sportowego connection. Above floor surfaces have essentially homogeneous (smooth) surface texture, so that the center and the periphery of each panel are in contact with users (e.g. pedestrians) equally. However, the periphery of each panel is much weaker compared to the center of the panel and therefore damaged first.

In addition, the system of floor coverings, as is ravelo, do not have decorative designs or patterns, which have a length greater than the length of the element deck, or have a recurring element that is greater than the length of the flooring element. For example, a floor covering that is designed to reproduce the wooden floor with wooden planks, the length of the pattern in the form of strips of wood, usually equal to the length of one element of the flooring or less than the length of one element of the flooring. This is desirable in systems of flooring prior art related to this invention, since it does not require one who mounts the floor, "plan", whereas more than one item of flooring for the installed flooring element.

Accordingly there is a need for workable method of manufacturing such an alternative construction or finishing materials that have a realistic appearance and create a sense of traditional products and they have an increased ability to resist premature wear and which uses a minimum number of elements of the deck while maintaining the possibility of creating a set of drawings or pattern elements with a length exceeding the length of one element of the flooring.

The present invention is the creation of a floor covering with embossed with a combination that is allows you to largely eliminate one or more of the problems due to limitations and disadvantages of the prior art relating to the present invention.

The advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination that includes separate adjacent elements flooring with embossed with a combination of decorative drawings, in which at least one element of texture to the surface and decorative pattern essentially combined the neighboring elements of the flooring.

Another advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination that includes bonded with providing mutual fixation elements flooring with embossed with a combination of decorative drawings, in which at least one element of texture to the surface and decorative pattern essentially combined the neighboring elements of the flooring so that the essentially continuous embossed with a combination of patterns are formed on the elements flooring, sealed with providing mutual commit.

Another advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination, which may include, for example, elements of the flooring, the surface of the periphery of each individual e is ementa flooring can be performed with a cavity, so that the upper surface of the periphery of the elements of the flooring will be below the portion of the upper surface of the elements of the floor, surrounded by the periphery.

Another advantage of the present invention is that the generated item of flooring has many sides forming a perimeter; a lot of fringe patterns, which are located near at least one of the first section of the periphery, with at least two of the sets of boundary patterns are essentially identical; and at least one pattern is large in size, located near a variety of boundary patterns and near at least one of the second segment of the periphery, with at least one pattern of a large size and a regional pattern, located next to at least one pattern of a large size, form an essentially continuous pattern.

Another advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering that contains at least two elements of the deck, located next to each other along a predetermined direction, each element of flooring contains many sides forming a perimeter; a lot of fringe patterns, which are located near at least one of the first section of the periphery, with at least two of the sets of boundary patterns essentially Ident is CNY; and at least one pattern is large in size, located near a variety of boundary patterns and near at least one of the second segment of the periphery, with at least one pattern of a large size and a regional pattern that is located near at least one pattern of a large size, form an essentially continuous pattern; in this case, the regional patterns of at least two elements of the deck form essentially continuous pattern.

An additional advantage of the present invention is that the floor panel, having many sides forming a periphery; a surface on which a decorative pattern, with the specified decorative pattern includes at least two boundary pattern adjacent to each side panel, and at least one pattern is large in size, located on the inner side of the panel and near the edge pattern on each side, with at least one edge pattern along the side is essentially identical to the regional pattern, in the appropriate place along the opposite side; and at least one part of the decorative pattern along the side is significantly different from the corresponding part of the decorative pattern along the opposite side.

Additional characteristics and advantages of the of Britania will be given in the following description, and will partly be obvious from the description, or they can be identified when implementing the invention in practice. Data and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure, which is highlighted in the written description and in the claims, and attached drawings.

It should be understood that both the foregoing General description and the following detailed description given by way of example for explanation and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as it is disclosed in the claims.

Accompanying drawings, which are intended to provide additional understanding of the invention and included in the description and form part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

In the drawings shows:

figure 1 is a means for assembling and fixing prior art related to the present invention;

figure 2 is a other tool for assembling and fixing prior art related to the present invention;

figure 3 is another means for assembling and fixing prior art related to the present invention;

figure 4 is another means for assembling and fixing prior art relevant to the present the invention;

figure 5 is a perspective view of the components in the printed combining the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 6 - a press for stamping, made with the possibility of manufacturing printed combining elements of the floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 7 is printed with a combination of the element of flooring in accordance with one aspect of the present invention;

on Fig is a top view of the system printed combining elements of flooring in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

figure 9 is a section along the line 9-9 shown in Fig;

figure 10 is a top view of the system printed combining elements of flooring in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

figure 11 is a section along the line 11-11 shown in figure 10;

on figa and 12V - schematic types, including peripheral area surface element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

on figa and 13C - system floor covering in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

on figa-14C is shown as an example of an element of the flooring system floor covering in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

on figa-15TH - given as an example of how education is project patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

on Fig is given as an example of a method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

on Fig is given as an example of a method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

on Fig is given as an example of a method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention; and

on Fig is given as an example of a method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

Next, refer to the detailed description of embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Figure 5 generally illustrates the components of an element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

As shown in Fig.6, the system floor covering with embossed with a combination may include, for example, at least one element of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each element of the flooring may include tiled base 40 made of a base material (for example, from fibreboard medium or high density particle Board and so on), less than the least one base sheet 48 (for example, a sheet of Kraft paper impregnated with predetermined pitches and located above and/or below the tiled base 40, the sheet 44 decorative paper having a thickness of approximately 0.15 mm and impregnated with resin, capable of polymerization (for example, phenols, such as melamine), located on tile basis, and at least one protective outer (imposed from the top) sheet 46 that is located on top of the sheet 44 of decorative paper. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each of the protective outer sheet 46 may be formed from highly resistant paper, impregnated with a solution of melamine containing corundum (Al2O3), silicon dioxide, etc. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, various types of paper can be placed between the sheet 44 decorative paper and tiled base 40.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, at least one protective outer sheet 46 and the base sheet 48 can be impregnated with resin. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the resin impregnating at least one protective outer sheet 46 and the base sheet 48 may differ from melamine-formaldehyde resin used for impregnation of the sheet 44 decorative paper.

In accordance with one aspect of us is Vashego of the invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made of essentially the same paper, resin, etc. for Example, elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of paper obtained from essentially the same fibers for making paper (having, for example, essentially the same ash content, color, and orientation) on the same paper machine. In addition, elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of paper coming from one adjacent section on production reel. All of the above limitations on the use of paper, which can be used in the manufacture of the elements of the flooring system floor covering, ensure that soaked the sheets of paper will always have essentially the same final size after compaction and curing. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the storage mode of the paper used for the manufacture of elements of the flooring system floor covering, can be adjusted so that the time, temperature and humidity when storing the paper support so as to promote the conservation of the regular sizes of the elements of the flooring.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be manufactured by using a whole is ulaznoj paste, manufactured from the same manufacturer. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of resins manufactured by the same manufacturer. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the resin may contain a powder coming from essentially the same source, can have essentially the same chemical and physical properties and can be mixed in the same reactor. In addition, elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of resins having essentially constant solids content. All of the above limitations on the use of resins that can be used in the manufacture of items of flooring, ensure that soaked the sheets of paper will always have essentially the same final size after compaction and curing. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, each of the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be manufactured by using the same impregnation method. For example, when immersed different sheets of paper in melamine-formaldehyde resin paper shall be filled melamine with securing postinst the a and the homogeneity of the filling. In addition, the tension and the oscillation of the tape impregnating machine, it is necessary to precisely control because they affect the extent to which the different sheets of paper are impregnated with resin.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention the above-mentioned sheets and bases can be made with the receiving system floor covering with embossed with a combination that includes many together by ensuring the fixing elements of the flooring. For such systems floor covering machine (press) for stamping, such as embossing machine, shown in Fig.6, it can be used for mechanical stamping each element of flooring in accordance with a decorative pattern provided on the sheet 44 decorative paper.

As shown in Fig.6, embossing machine may include, for example, the base 42, the upper plunger element 54 and the upper pressing plate 56. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the upper pressing plate may include embossed pattern stamping (for example, a surface with three-dimensional texture). Accordingly embossed pattern stamping may include, for example, ledges, points, recesses, etc. of any structure, which can be combined with a decorative pattern formed on the sheet 44 decorative paper.

In accordance with paragraph what inciple of the present invention, the sheet 44 is impregnated decorative paper, located on tile basis of 40, should be placed in a precisely predetermined position relative to intended for embossing a relief pattern of the upper pressing plate to provide opportunities embossed with combining element of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the alignment intended for embossing a relief pattern of the pressing plate and the decorative pattern should be ensured when the press is in the position of the clamp and the plate is under pressure. The degree of required regulation may vary depending on the type of decorative painting. For example, the printed alignment with the alignment pattern in the form of a wood structure on an adjacent printed with a combination of the elements of flooring requires a higher degree of registration accuracy than the printed alignment with the alignment pattern in the form of a wood structure that is not aligned with the adjacent elements of the flooring.

The combination of the decorative pattern on the sheet 44 decorative paper and intended for embossing an embossed pattern on the upper pressing plate 56 may be secured by means of the removal of approximately 2-3 millimeters of material along the perimeter of the tiled bases 40 for milling operations, resulting in a get a few basic what's planes (i.e. the edge of the slab) and tiled base, having precisely controlled dimensions. Further, the sheet 44 is impregnated decorative paper having outer dimensions that are approximately 8 or 10 mm smaller than the tiled bases 40, is placed on the tiled basis 40. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the sheet 44 is impregnated decorative paper can be placed on tile to the base 40 by using the edges of the plates as a means of alignment. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention marks for alignment can be located on the tiled 40 and can be combined with the marks for alignment provided on the sheet 44 decorative paper.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the sheet 44 decorative paper can be attached to the tiled base 40 by means of static electricity. After fastening sheet 44 of decorative paper and tiled bases 40 are placed on the carriage is fed into the machine for stamping. Static electricity can essentially prevent accidental displacement of the sheet 44 decorative paper when moving tiled bases 40 together with the carriage. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the carriage can be stopped immediately before it is put into the machine for stamping, so that the sheet 44 decorative paper can be placed surface is px tiled framework 40 by using, for example, small forceps (not shown). In accordance with another aspect of the present invention a small forceps can be used for precise placement of the sheet 44 decorative paper on top of the tiled bases 40 located on the bottom of the pressing plate. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the sheet 44 decorative paper, at least one protective outer sheet 46 and the base sheet 48 can be placed on top of the tiled bases 40 before placing them in the machine for stamping. After placing the sheet 44 decorative paper on top of the tiled bases carriage 40 can be moved from machine to emboss. Further, the leveling system essentially performs the alignment system consisting of a sheet 44 of decorative paper and tiled bases 40, relative to intended for embossing an embossed pattern on the upper pressing plate 56. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the alignment system can use the edge of the plate in order essentially to ensure the alignment of the decorative pattern on the sheet 44 decorative paper regarding intended for embossing an embossed pattern on the upper pressing plate 56. Embossing machine can be powered after alignment is completed.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention after placement of the components, illustrated in Fig.6, in a machine for stamping and alignment relative to intended for embossing a relief image of different leaves and the base can be pressed and can be subjected to curing for a predetermined period of time up until the resin has cured, the resulting gain is extremely hard and wear-resistant element of the flooring. For example, after insertion in a machine for stamping and alignment relative to intended for embossing a relief pattern tiled base 40, the sheet 44 decorative paper, protective outer sheet 46 and the base sheet 48 can be heated at a temperature of about 160-220°C. and pressed together under pressure, constituting approximately 20-40 kg/cm2for about 20-60 seconds. Accordingly, the upper plunger element 54 provides indentation intended for embossing a relief pattern of the upper pressing plate 56 in structure, consisting of a sheet 44 of decorative paper and tiled bases 40. The combination of applied heat and pressure provides the fusing together of the sheet 44 decorative paper and tiled bases 40. Leveling system ensures that the sheet 44 decorative paper is essentially align with intended for embossing a relief pattern on a ve is hnei the pressure plate 56. Accordingly, melamine-formaldehyde resin in the various sheets may harden, and can be obtained printed with a combination of the flooring element.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the porosity in the sintered piece may be minimized by providing a slow curing resin (e.g. melamine). Accordingly, when the reduction of the working temperature, the time during which the various sheets in a machine for stamping are pressing increases. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention when heated pressing plate 56 until about 160-220°C designed for stamping embossed pattern on the pressure plate can be extended. Accordingly designed for stamping embossed pattern on the pressure plate 56 may be made so as to compensate for expansion of the relief pattern. Hence, the sizes intended for embossing a relief pattern is created such that they complied with the decorative figure of the drawing in a state where the resin components in Fig.6 will harden.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention obtained by a mechanical embossing texture of the surface can be given an individual element of flooring with a decorative pattern. In accordance with some of the aspect of the present invention obtained mechanically embossed surface texture can be formed by combining it with a decorative pattern. Respectively, can be manufactured printed with a combination of the element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention many printed combining elements of flooring can be joined together to form a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, at least a portion printed with a combination of patterns adjacent elements of the flooring can be essentially aligned with each other for the formation of essentially adjacent printed with a combination of patterns on adjacent elements of the flooring system floor covering.

Although the method of stamping with the combination described above is suitable for the received embossed surface textures, which has a depth which is less than approximately 0.2 mm, creating surface textures with more depth can be problematic. Designed for stamping, embossed patterns, capable of creating deep textures of surfaces, require, for example, relatively large protrusions of the pressing plate, which tends to disturb the uniformity of pressure applied on the surface of the plate. This violation of the uniformity of pressure may cause local deformation in the final product. In accordance with one aspect of the present izobreteny is received embossed texture surfaces can be formed with depth, greater than about 0.2 mm, through hollow sections in plate 40 in places where it is desirable to get "deep" texture surfaces. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the formation of hollow sections can be pre-made before, during or after milling the periphery tiled bases 40, as described above. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the edges of the plate can be used to determine the location of boundaries of the hollow sections tiled bases 40.

As shown in Fig.7, embossed with the alignment element 60 flooring, manufactured in accordance with the method described above, if required, may include a protective backing layer 50 with one hand. Obtained mechanically embossed surface texture combined with the decorative pattern sheet 68 44 decorative paper. Under the combination is understood that the embossed surface texture is essentially combined with the decorative pattern sheet 44 of decorative paper. By performing embossed with combining element flooring realistic appearance of the natural material can be attached to individual items of flooring. While decorative pattern, illustrated in Fig.7, realistic shows the appearance and the text is in, match the texture of the wood, it should be understood that there can be obtained the other embossed with a combination of drawings, elements such as flooring, imitating ceramics, concrete, marble, etc.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention, each of the individual elements of the flooring may include, for example, at least one locking mechanism.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be included in a tiled base 40 to create an embossed pattern on the surface of tiled bases 40 in accordance with a decorative pattern. Accordingly, the fixation mechanisms can be formed in a separate tiled bases 40. Further, the fixation mechanisms can be used to join separate tiled bases together to form patterns of the elements of the flooring. The structure of the elements of the floor can then be inserted in the press 54. Once the structure of the elements of the flooring is formed embossed pattern and fusion-bonded components are fused together, the structure of the elements of the flooring is removed from the press 54. Then printed with a combination of elements 60 flooring in subjected to alloying of the structure of the elements of the deck divided by the released of the mechanisms of fixation. In accordance with one aspect of this izaberete the Oia cutting tools can be used to facilitate the separation and to ensure that the decorative pattern will not be damaged.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be "included" in the tiled base 40 after the formation of the embossed pattern on the surface of tiled bases 40 in accordance with a decorative pattern. Accordingly tiled base 40 having relatively large dimensions, components, for example, 4 feet by 8 feet, may be subjected to embossing by the press 54. After this, the resulting printed with a combination of the core can be cut into a number of separate printed combining elements 60 of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the edges of the individual printed combining elements 60 flooring can be a smooth edge and have accurate dimensions. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the cutting can be accomplished through the use of shaving cutters, milling cutters, cutting tools, tools for splitting, etc. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention tiled base can be cut by a machine for stamping. Accordingly tiled base 40 may be cut into items (e.g., stripes), having dimensions that comprise, for example, 300×300 mm 400×400 mm, 600×600 mm, 1200×300 mm, 1200×400 mm, etc. After that the mechanisms of fixation can be "included" in a separate printed with a combination of elements 60 of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be hidden under the surface elements of the flooring or they may be visible.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be enabled in a separate printed with a combination of elements 60 flooring by placing at least one element from the plate edges, labels for combining, decorative patterns and surface textures surface element of the floor covering relative to the cutters. By placing the cutter with respect to any of the above combine elements of the mechanisms of fixation can be formed by milling on the sides of the tiled bases 40 so that when the connection elements 60 flooring along at least a portion of the decorative figures will form a continuous pattern, and at least a portion printed with a combination of patterns to form an essentially continuous surface texture on adjacent elements of the flooring.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention embossed with the alignment element 60 flooring may include a mechanism 64 fixation (for example, IU the greater extent, one system of the system is fixed by sportowego connection fixation system by connecting elements with a snap and so on), extending along all four sides printed with a combination of laminate 60. For example, the fixation system by connecting with a snap can be added to all four sides embossed with combining element 60 of the flooring and used to connect multiple printed combining elements 60 of the flooring system 300 floor covering with embossed combining (similar to that shown in Fig). The number and location of fixation mechanisms may depend on a given system configuration flooring embossed with the combination. For example, in the case when the system floor covering with embossed combining adjacent to the corner, you only need two of the locking mechanism (along the sides).

As shown in Fig printed with a combination of the elements a and b of the flooring may include, for example, the mechanisms of fixation along the four sides (for example, along the joints J1, J2, J3 and J4). Printed with a combination of elements C and D flooring may include, for example, the mechanisms of fixation along the four sides (for example, along the joints J1, J2, J3, and other connections not shown).

Embossed with combining elements of flooring, including Viseu manatee mechanisms commit can be firmly bonded together with or without the use of glue to form a system 300 from embossed with matching laminate. Many printed combining elements of flooring can be linked together to produce any desirable form for flooring, cladding, etc. is Printed with a combination of the elements of the flooring can be connected to each other so that at least part of the printed overlapping patterns of neighboring elements of the flooring will be essentially aligned relative to each other and will form essentially continuous "fingerprint" and the resulting embossed surface texture on the elements of the flooring system floor covering.

On Fig and 9 illustrated are given by way of example, the system 300 floor covering with embossed with a combination comprising a locking mechanism of the same type on each of the individual printed combining elements 60 of the flooring. Figure 9 illustrated are given by way of example, the system floor covering with embossed with a combination that includes elements of the flooring with the locking mechanism in the form of sportowego connection locking type. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the locking mechanism in the form of sportowego connection snap-in type can be education the IAOD as one whole with the side walls of each printed with a combination of the laminated element 60 with the to ensure that printed with the combination patterns of the neighboring elements of the flooring will be essentially aligned relative to each other and are essentially continuous within the flooring.

Fig.9 illustrates a cross-section made along the line 9-9 on Fig. As shown, the locking mechanism can be obtained by forming grooves 230, ridge 200, the groove 210 and the protrusion 220 along the edges of the embossed combining elements 60 of the flooring. The mechanisms of fixation on embossed with a combination of the elements 60 of the flooring can be connected together by inserting the ridge 200 in the groove 230 adjacent embossed with combining element 60 of the flooring. Subsequently, the protrusion 220 is fixed in the groove 210, thereby connecting the adjacent printed with a combination of elements 60 of the flooring system 300 floor covering with embossed with a combination. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention embossed with a combination of elements 60 flooring, marked by the symbols a, b, C and D, can be joined together with glue or without glue. It should be understood that other types of mechanisms of fixation can be performed within the sides of a single printed combining elements 60 of the flooring.

If we turn again to Fig, you can see that each of the printed combining elements 60 of flooring can have, for example, the obtained t is snanam combining figure G1 in figure ceramic tiles. Figure showing ceramic tile, may include multiple "tiles" with the form of squares, rectangles, triangles, circles, ovals, or any other shape or pattern that split seams fill solution". In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the width Wh, Wv lines and the width W of the line inside the plate can be essentially equal, and the data lines mimic the seams of the casting solution. When using the locking mechanism in the form of sportowego connection snap-in type printed with a combination of the elements 60 flooring width of the seam fill solution" near the joints J1, J2, J3 and J4 on each printed with a combination of laminated element a, b, C and D is approximately equal to half of the width W of the seam fill solution inside the plate. For example, the width (Wv) "the seam of the casting solution held in the vertical direction of the flooring elements, the junction J1 is formed from "seams fill solution" on embossed with a combination of laminated elements a, b, C and D, so that when printed with a combination of laminated elements a, b, C and D will be connected in the connection zone J1, width (Wv) "the seam of the casting solution held in the vertical direction, is approximately equal to the width (W). Accordingly, the width of the seam fill solution" on any individual embossed with the alignment element 60 n the Steele floor beside the connection is half the width (W) "seam filling solution in the plate. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention widths Wh and Wv "seams fill solution"held in horizontal and vertical directions, can be adjusted so that they were essentially equal to the width W of the seam fill solution inside the plate. However, it should be understood that the widths of the joints fill solution" printed in combining the items of flooring depends on the type provided for the locking mechanism and the available decorative pattern.

In addition to the lines that mimic the seams fill solution, many other decorative figures can be used in the system of floor covering with embossed with a combination of the present invention. As shown in figure 10 and 11 may be provided with a decorative pattern, such as surface G2, imitating the texture of the wood, being combined in the joints J5 and J6 neighboring elements of the flooring. In accordance with the principles of the present invention, the patterns in the texture of wood, usually include more elements (e.g., line, texture, wood, twig 423 wood etc)that extend to the peripheral bounds of the elements of the flooring, which must be aligned, than the drawings in the form of ceramic tiles. Accordingly, the alignment pattern in the form of a wood structure, as p is Avila, is more difficult than aligning sections of lines, imitating the seams of the casting solution, in the drawings in the form of ceramic tiles. For example, combining the first part of the knot 423 wood on embossed with a combination of the element E of the flooring with the second part bitch 423 wood printed on combining element F of flooring, as a rule, is more complex than the width alignment lines, imitating the seams fill mortar joints of adjacent elements of the flooring. Accordingly, when performing the locking mechanism should take into account all graphic elements (eg lines of wood grain and knots 423 wood) to ensure a realistic system 400 flooring embossed with the combination. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, at least one part of the decorative pattern can be used as labels for combining ensuring appropriate constant mixture of neighboring elements of the flooring.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the individual elements of the flooring in the system 400 flooring with embossed with a combination can be connected together using a mechanical locking system of the type as illustrated by figure 11, showing a cross section along the line 11-11 in figure 10. And in this case, the ways compatible with the communication, used when locking mechanism, such that system 400 printed with a combination of laminated elements will have a surface 425 with surface texture, which is essentially continuous at junctions J5 and J6. If you want printed with a combination of laminated elements 60 have a protective backing layer 70 under the base sheet 48.

On figa and 12B illustrates schematic views of an element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

As shown in figa and 12, the upper surface of the periphery P of each embossed with combining element of the flooring can be made with a cavity, passing down from the top surface areas of the elements of the flooring, "limited" at the periphery. The subject (for example, the shoes of the user, wheel etc)in contact with the main surface Ms of the element of flooring, usually not in contact with the surface of the periphery of Ps due to the fact that the surface of the periphery of the buried. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the periphery may include a portion of the floor extending from the edges of the flooring approximately 3.175 mm towards the center of the element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the depth to which the surface is to be the periphery of the element of flooring recessed, approximately 0,794 mm In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the surface of at least one portion of the periphery of the element of flooring may not be buried, as will be discussed in more detail below with reference to Fig.

Accordingly embossed with a combination of the pattern can be made on the edges of the element of flooring and can be combined with printed with a combination of patterns formed on adjacent elements of the flooring, while at the same time, you can prevent premature wear of the edges of each individual piece of flooring.

Despite the fact that Fig and 10 it was shown that elements of the flooring system floor covering have essentially the same size and shape and are connected to each other so that each side of each element of the flooring connected to only one adjacent element of the flooring, it should be understood that the individual elements of the flooring system floor covering can vary in size (e.g., width and/or length) and shape (for example, may be rectangular, square, triangular, hexagonal etc). In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the individual elements of the flooring can have complementary shapes that can be assembled like a puzzle or mosaic. In addition to the CSO, in accordance with one aspect of the present invention provides that the side of the individual elements of the flooring can communicate with more than one neighboring element of the flooring.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be designed in such a way that at least one side of each element of the flooring will include at least one Subpanel located near at least two other sub-panel. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, each element of the flooring may include, either in full or in part, at least one Subpanel, as will be described in more detail below.

On figa, for example, a partial Subpanel 134A element 130A flooring can be a complementary Subpanel in relation to neighboring partial sub-panel V element V flooring, located next to the element 130A flooring. With this construction, the partial sub-panel 134A and V could be made so that they look like one single Subpanel.

As also shown in figa, each of the elements 130A-F flooring may contain at least three sub-panel, with at least one of the sub-panel is a single (component one) Subpanel, and less is th least two of the sub-panel are partial sub-panel. For example, the Subpanel 132A is a component of one of the Subpanel, and the sub-panel 134A and A represent partial sub-panel.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention component a single Subpanel 132A can provide a finished decorative pattern obtained with embossed surface texture or received without embossed surface texture, which can be combined or not combined with a decorative pattern. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the partial sub-panel 134A and A element of flooring can ensure the availability of split, incomplete decorative images obtained with embossed surface texture or received without embossed surface texture, which can be combined or not combined with decorative drawings. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention neighboring partial sub-panel adjacent flooring elements can be complementary to each other so that they form essentially a finished decorative pattern and/or texture of the surface and have the form essentially continuous constituting one sub-panel. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention are complementary to the partial sub-panel can who have complementary decorative drawings and/or received by the embossed surface texture. Accordingly, when the complementary partial sub-panel adjacent decking units exhibited relative to each other properly, essentially continuous (i.e. finished) a decorative pattern and/or received by the embossed surface texture can be formed on the adjacent complementary partial sub-panel. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the sub-panel in the flooring element can contain or not to contain essentially the same decorative pattern and/or received by the embossed surface texture.

On FIGU illustrates a schematic view is given as an example of the element 130 flooring, such as shown in figa.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the areas of the peripheral surface of each element of the flooring can be made with grooves in those places where the adjacent sub-panel are not complementary. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the areas of the peripheral surface of each element of the flooring can be done without deepening in places where neighboring sub-panel are complementary. As shown in figv, portions of the upper surface of the periphery "P" of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position a, can be made with a small corner of the population relative to the main surface of each of the elements of the flooring (see also figv) to prevent premature wear of each of the elements of the flooring. In addition, portions of the upper surface of the periphery of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position 138b can be done without deepening and can be essentially coplanar with the main surface of the sub-panel. The implementation of the recesses only in areas of the peripheral surface of each of the elements of the flooring in places that are not "employed" decorative drawings and/or received by the embossing textures the surface of the partial sub-panel element flooring, lets get this type of complementary partial sub-panel that they will look as part of component one sub-panel, and there is no significant decrease in the overall durability of each of the elements of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the surface of each element of the flooring can be made with a hollow in places where the sub-panel flooring element are adjacent to each other. As shown in figv, portions of the upper surface of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position s, can be a bit recessed compared to the main surface of each of the elements of the flooring (see also figv) to create this visual effect and the effect of texture, as if ka is the Mae of the sub-panel element of the flooring is not part of the same element deck.

On figa-14C illustrated are given by way of example, the element of the flooring system floor covering in accordance with another aspect of the present invention.

As shown in figa-14C, similar to the flooring element shown in figa and 13B, portions of the upper surface of the periphery "P" of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position a may be beveled to prevent premature wear of each of the elements of the flooring. In addition, portions of the upper surface of the periphery of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position 138b may be uncut, so that they will be essentially in the same plane with the main surface of the sub-panel. The cutting edges of the peripheral surface of each of the elements of the flooring in places corresponding to the decorative drawings and/or received by the embossing textures the surface of the partial sub-panel element flooring, lets get this type of complementary partial sub-panel that they will look as part of component one sub-panel, and there is no significant decrease in the overall durability of each of the elements of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the surface of each element of the flooring can be made with a groove in the places where subban is any element of the flooring adjacent to each other.

On figv and 14C illustrates the cross section of the element 130 flooring, made respectively on the lines I-I' and II-II'. As shown in figv and 14C, portions of the upper surface of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position s may be beveled to form grooves. This groove may also prevent premature wear of each of the elements of the flooring. Thus, the groove provides such a visual effect and the effect of texture, as if the sub-panel flooring element are separate. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the bevel on the site s can ensure the formation of a groove having the shape of essentially V-shaped grooves. However, it should be understood that the bevel edge can create other topographies (geometric shapes) of the groove (for example, U-shaped grooves and so on). In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the cutting edges on each of the elements 130 flooring on the site a peripheral surface leads to the formation of grooves between adjacent flooring elements. Accordingly, the groove formed between adjacent decking units by beveling in the area a, has essentially the same width and topography, and grooves formed on the inside of the flooring elements by beveling in the area s.

Drawing and/or surface texture on the surface with a recess on the periphery of each element of the flooring can match or not match the pattern/texture surface on the main surface of the corresponding element of the flooring. Thus, essentially continuous picture and/or surface texture can be "present" or "not present" on the surfaces of the periphery and the inner part of any single element of the flooring. Labels or markers for alignment (not shown) can be used to samoobladanie decorative designs on elements of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention embossed with the alignment pattern can be free form or can be made to order. It should be understood that essentially any printed with a combination of pattern and any decorative pattern can be obtained by applying the principles of the present invention. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the alignment elements of the flooring can be performed visually, by connecting them together. Accordingly, the alignment elements 130 flooring can be accomplished through the use of decorative pattern and/or received by the embossed surface texture of each of the elements of the flooring.

Despite the fact that it was PR is illustrated, what elements of the flooring on figa, 13C and 14A-14C are essentially rectangular, the principles of the present invention provide the possibility of elements of the flooring system floor covering having other shapes and sizes (for example, geometric, free form, etc) or different or the same sizes, so the elements of the flooring can be built into the design of a mosaic type or another is correct, proposterous or random layout panels. In addition, although illustrated that each element of the flooring has an identical layout of the sub-panel, the principles of the present invention provide the possibility that elements of the flooring system floor covering will have different layout of the sub-panel (for example, other shapes, sizes of the sub-panel and so on). The individual elements of the flooring system floor covering can be cut from the plate so that the connection between the panels of the floor system floor covering will not be visible. In addition, elements of the flooring system floor covering, illustrated in Fig and 14 can be joined together with glue or without glue. In addition, although it was considered that the embossed surface texture is essentially combined with the basic underlying decorative pattern, it should be understood that the about the merits of any received embossed surface texture can be formed on the elements of the flooring according to the present invention regardless of the underlying the underlying decorative pattern. In addition, decorative drawings and/or received by the embossed surface texture of one element of the flooring may not be combined or can even be not at all similar in appearance and/or texture to decorative drawings and/or received by the embossed texture of the surfaces of the adjacent flooring elements.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention any one of the aforementioned decorative drawings and/or received by the embossed surface textures, which may or may not be subjected to embossing with a combination of decorative drawings (called here together "patterns"), can be performed on any of the above items of flooring for the formation of essentially continuous pattern on adjacent flooring elements along a predetermined direction, by forming each of the patterns on the flooring elements by using at least one pattern is large in size and at least one edge of the pattern.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each of the edge pattern may be present on the peripheral area of the flooring element, while the regional pattern extends along at least part of at least one edge of each element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, each of the regional pattern can Postira is about being at a predetermined distance (for example, approximately one millimeter, approximately one inch, and so on) in the inner part of the element of flooring, from the periphery of the element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, at least one pattern of a large size may be positioned near at least one edge pattern, and the pattern, the edge of the pattern is large in size, adjacent the edge pattern may form an essentially continuous visual pattern/texture relief pattern provided on the marginal edge of the pattern adjacent to the pattern of large size.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the patterns of individual elements of the deck, located next to each other along a predetermined direction in the system of flooring can complement patterns of adjacent flooring elements (that is, to form an essentially continuous patterns on adjacent flooring elements), when the regional patterns of adjacent flooring elements form an essentially continuous pattern. In the case when the system floor covering, described above, contains the set of neighboring elements of the deck along a predetermined direction, and when the edges of each element of the deck is located near the boundary patterns of the other elements of the deck along a predetermined direction, the regional patterns of neighboring elements Nast is La are identical or substantially identical. Identical or substantially identical to the regional patterns of adjacent flooring elements create the possibility of formation of a continuous pattern on adjacent flooring elements.

For example, as shown in figa given as an example of the pattern of the flooring element on the element 150 flooring can contain two boundary pattern 152 are essentially identical to each other, and the pattern 154 a large size. As shown in figa, two essentially identical boundary pattern 152 are on the periphery of the element 150 of the flooring, extend along the opposite side edges of the flooring element and extending a predetermined distance into the inner part of the element 150 flooring. As also shown in figa, drawing, the edges of the pattern 154 large near the edge patterns 152, forms an essentially continuous pattern, pattern, existing edge patterns 152 next to pattern large size.

As shown in figv, many elements 150A, 150V, 150C flooring, etc. such as illustrated in figa, can be located next to each other in the system floor covering along a predetermined direction so that the edges of each element of the flooring will be located near the edges of the other elements of the deck along a predetermined direction (for example, the edge of the element 150A flooring adjacent to the edge of the element 150V flooring, edge element 50C flooring adjacent to the edge of the element 150D etc). As mentioned above, essentially continuous pattern can be formed from edge to edge of a single element 150 of the deck, because the pattern 154 large essentially aligned with the edge patterns 152.

In one embodiment of the invention a predetermined direction, in which there are elements of the deck, and is based on the adjacent edge patterns 152 on the flooring elements, so that only by placing items of flooring in a predetermined direction will be possible to form a pattern, which will be continuous and to have a natural appearance. In this embodiment, the change in direction of the flooring element on the opposite or turning the flooring element will lead to the formation of the pattern, devoid of continuity. However, it should be understood that in another embodiment, the regional patterns along part of the periphery can be selected such that the change in direction of the flooring element on the opposite, turning or otherwise alter the layout of the flooring does not lead to the violation pattern, i.e. the pattern is continuous.

In another embodiment, a predetermined direction based on the mechanism of deadlock, which provides the connection of adjacent elements of the flooring, so the flooring elements will not be interfaced together a proper education is the Ohm, if they will be located in a direction different from the predetermined direction. One example of such a deadlock mechanism is the system glueless sportowego connection, in which the ridge is formed along at least one edge of the flooring element, and a groove formed along the opposite edge. In yet another embodiment, a predetermined direction based on regional patterns 152 and glueless the locking mechanism.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention patterns A-154F large size may or may not be the same. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each of the patterns 154 large system floor covering can be unique. In addition, in accordance with the principles of the present invention regional patterns of individual elements of the flooring can be basically identical. Therefore, the regional patterns of neighboring elements of the flooring system floor covering, which essentially continuous pattern is formed along a predetermined direction, also essentially identical. Essentially continuous pattern can be formed from edge to edge of the element 150A flooring, because the pattern A large and regional patterns 152A combined with each other to obtain essentially continuous pattern. Essentially continuous userimages be separately formed from edge to edge elements 150V, 150C flooring, etc. because their corresponding patterns V, S large size, etc. and regional patterns V, S etc. similarly combined with each other to obtain essentially continuous pattern.

Because of the regional patterns of elements 150A-150F flooring system floor covering, illustrated in figv identical, the regional pattern 152A forms an essentially continuous pattern with the regional pattern W, the regional pattern S forms an essentially continuous pattern with the regional pattern 152D and so on. Accordingly essentially continuous pattern can be formed on the elements 150A and 150V flooring elements 150C and 150D flooring and so on. Boundary or connection between the regional pattern 152A and regional pattern V essentially not visible (not visible), or the appearance of a border or seam is minimized. Similarly the boundary or connection between the regional pattern S and regional pattern 152D essentially not visible (not visible), or the appearance of a border or seam is minimized. Boundary or connection between the regional pattern E and regional pattern 152F essentially not visible (not visible), or the appearance of a border or seam is minimized.

In one embodiment of the present invention, in which all edge patterns 152 is essentially identical to any of the elements 150A-150F flooring can replace any other item Nastia is in the system floor covering while maintaining the availability of essentially continuous pattern on the flooring elements, located next to each other along a predetermined direction. This is due to the fact that all the patterns of the flooring element having a large size, by being combined with the corresponding boundary patterns for the formation of essentially continuous pattern within the element of the flooring, and the fact that all the regional patterns of the flooring elements adjacent to each other within the system of the floor are identical, with the formation of essentially continuous patterns on the flooring elements adjacent to each other along a predetermined direction.

In another embodiment, the flooring elements can be adjacent the right and left edge patterns 152, which is essentially identical, while the opposite left and right edge patterns 152 are not identical.

For example, shown in figs, component one Subpanel element 132 150 flooring may have a pattern formed by the pattern 154G large size, partial Subpanel 134 may have a pattern formed by the pattern 154I large and regional pattern 152, and a partial Subpanel 136 may have a pattern formed by the pattern IN large and regional pattern 152, and the patterns 154G-154I large size may or may not be the same. However, as mentioned above, the edge patterns 152, existing on the periphery of areas of partial sub-panel 134 and 136 item all and extending along the side edges of the element 150 flooring, identical to each other. Accordingly, taking into account figa, where, for example, elements 130A and W flooring are located next to each other along a predetermined direction, the edge patterns 152 complementary partial sub-panel 134A and V essentially identical to each other, and essentially continuous pattern can be formed on adjacent flooring elements, and the patterns of large size, available in a complementary partial sub-panel, become part of essentially continuous pattern, creating the appearance from a visual perspective and/or from the point of view of texture that is similar to part one (single) sub-panel.

In addition, as shown in figs and 15D, system of a floor covering, comprising such elements flooring, as illustrated in figa-14C may be formed with essentially continuous patterns on the flooring elements adjacent to each other along the predetermined direction, by applying the methods described above with reference to figa and 15V. Fig.15D shows the elements of the flooring with the pattern of wood grain with the layout shown in figv. Because of the regional pattern 152A is essentially identical to the adjacent edge of the pattern V, elements 150A and 150V flooring have the appearance of essentially continuous pattern texture of wood, continuously passing che the ez boundary or interface between the regional pattern 152A and regional pattern V adjacent flooring element.

In addition, since the regional patterns 152A and V not pass along the entire length of the boundary or interface between elements 150A and 150V flooring, and pass along only the part corresponding to the height of the partial plate on the bottom half of the flooring elements, the pattern is not continuous on the part of the border between elements 150A and 150V flooring, which corresponds to the height "full" plates on the top half of the flooring elements.

As mentioned above, in the system of floor covering, including the elements of flooring, illustrated in figa-14C and 15C, the patterns of large sub-panel decking units may or may not be the same. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each of the patterns of large size in the system floor covering can be unique.

On five shows a variant embodiment of the invention, in which the regional patterns of the flooring elements are identical (or substantially identical) to each element of the flooring. In particular, five shows four elements 150A, 150V, 150C and 150D flooring, located in such a way that the element 150A flooring adjacent to the left edge of the element 150V flooring and adjacent to the upper edge of the element 150C flooring. Element 150D flooring adjacent to the right edge of the element 150C flooring and adjacent to the lower edge of the element 150V flooring.

In this embodiment, the decor is active paper each element of the flooring is a picture under the wood. However, it should be understood that other have natural looking images than the figure under the wood, is also provided within the present invention. The figure under the wood element 150A flooring includes, for example, the full panel or strip A in the upper half of the plate, short incomplete panel A and long incomplete panel A. Each of the panels has a pattern of wood grain. In addition, short and long incomplete panel A and A have regional pattern 152, which runs along part of the periphery of the flooring element, the corresponding partial width panels A and A, and may extend for a short distance (e.g., such as one centimeter) in the inner part of the panel. Regional patterns 152 incomplete panels A and E identical. Regional patterns 152 also may not extend into the inner portion of the panel.

Similarly, the elements 150V, 150C and 150D flooring have a full panel, indicated respectively V, S and 155D, passing the entire length of the flooring element, and a short panel V, S and 151D, which are located next to the corresponding long panels V, S and 153D. Each of the short and long panels may have the same regional pattern 152 along part of the periphery of the flooring element corresponding to the width of the short and long panels.

All short panel A-D, long panel A-D the full panel A-D are patterns in the form of a wood structure, which differ from each other or to some extent identical to each other. Only the edge patterns 152 partial panels are identical in this particular example. In addition, the regional pattern and the inner pattern of wood grain of each incomplete panels form a continuous pattern. In other words, there is a continuous General pattern of wood grain on each of the short panel long panel, which all differ from each other, despite the fact that regional patterns 152 are the same.

When the elements 150A and 150V flooring placed next to each other, as shown in figa, full panel A and B will be adjacent to each other, and a long panel A and short panel V will join each other. Full panel A and B have the form of separate boards, and the pattern of wood grain is not continuous on them, because the adjacent edge of the full panels are different. But since the edge patterns 152 on the long bar A and short panel B are the same, unique designs in the form of textures wood panels A and B create the appearance of one continuous Board with a specific pattern of wood grain, passing on the decking units 150A and 150V. In addition, the appearance of full and continuous Board with a specific pattern of wood grain, passing on the panels 153 and V on the flooring elements, minimizes the visibility or appearance of the junction or boundary between the elements of the flooring. Similarly, the pattern of wood grain on the panels C and 151D is continuous.

In an additional embodiment, the elements 150A, 150V, 150C and 150D flooring can have a surface texture, which is obtained by embossing with a combination with a picture of wood on decorative paper. Since the edge patterns 152 are part of this pattern and can be identical or substantially identical to each element of the flooring, received embossed surface texture would be continuous along the incomplete panels adjacent decking units as discussed above. In yet another embodiment, the received embossed with a combination of surface texture may include bevels to simulate joints between boards, so that, for example, the element 150A flooring full panel A will have a bevel along its periphery, including the border between the panel A and incomplete panels A and A. Incomplete panel A and A will have the bevel where they are adjacent to each other, but incomplete panel will not have the bevel along the portion of the periphery of the element 150A flooring, where there are regional patterns 152. Thus, a continuous pattern of wood grain and the corresponding received s is receiving with a combination of surface texture can be" continuously on the elements 150A and 150V flooring, not being separated by a bevel. This will provide an additional reduction in the visibility of the border between flooring elements.

By performing all of the edge patterns 152 is identical to the present invention creates the possibility of installation and pairing any flooring elements together in a predetermined direction in which the long panel 153 is adjacent to the short panel 151 other element of the flooring, because the edge patterns 152 will always be aligned to the education of the appearance of a continuous pattern of wood grain, passing on the adjacent long and short panels of the two elements of the flooring. For example, if the position of the elements 150A and 150V flooring would be reversed (so that the element 150V flooring was adjacent to the upper edge of the element 150C flooring), the regional pattern 152 long panel B would be consistent with or would be combined with the regional pattern of the short panel A with the formation of a continuous pattern of wood grain on the panels V and A elements 150V and 150A flooring.

The present invention allows to reduce the complexity associated with setting laminate floor coverings, because no matter what elements of the flooring will be placed next to each other in a predetermined direction. Patterns will be combined. In an additional embodiment, the elements 150 of flooring within the s with glueless system sportowego connection with the provision of deadlocks (locks), in which the ridge is formed on two adjacent peripheral edges of the flooring element, and a groove formed on the opposite two adjacent peripheral edges, so that the elements of the flooring can be installed only in the direction in which is provided the combination of long panels 153 short panels 151, for example, where they are joined edge patterns 152.

In the example embodiment discussed above, decorative graphics, and design elements of the pattern, such as stripes under the tree, pass through separate adjacent flooring elements. However, the figure in the form of a strip under the tree has a length equal to the length of the flooring element, to allow interchangeability of the elements of the flooring, which ensures easy installation.

On Fig illustrated is shown as an example of an implementation option of the design of the floor using floor panel in accordance with the present invention. In this described example embodiment, the design of the floor covering includes a decorative pattern in the form of ceramic tiles, with design flooring generally has a periodic pattern that repeats every four "tiles" decorative figure. In this embodiment, the pattern of the floor covering the whole can be formed from a number of identical items of flooring, each of the elements of the flooring has the same pattern on its surface. In particular described in the example embodiment illustrated in Fig, the pattern in the floor design has a rhomboidal shape 110 formed at the intersection of four ceramic poppleton" 112, 114, 116 and 118. In addition, the edges of the ceramic poppleton" 112, 114, 116 and 118 have a picture in the form of strips on the outer edge not on those parties that are part of the diamond-shaped figure 110. In addition, while the diamond-shaped figure and the surrounding patterns in the form of strips are repeated every four ceramic podlecki" in the horizontal direction, a diamond-shaped figure and the surrounding "trims" are repeated every two ceramic podlecki" in the vertical direction. The General pattern is actually shifted by one "ceramic poplatku" in the vertical direction in the second "ceramic tile" between a repeating diamond-shaped figures. In other words, while the diamond-shaped figure will be repeated after four ceramic poppleton" in the horizontal direction, after two "tiles" and one "ceramic tile" in the vertical direction also has another diamond-shaped figure. To illustrate the repetition of design drawings in the entire pattern covering the floor figue in figure 120 in the form of a square, which includes a square formed by four "tiles", restricted pattern in the form of strips around the edges with a diamond-shaped pattern 110 in the center. The overall pattern of 120 square is repeated every four "tiles" in the horizontal direction and every two "tiles" in the vertical direction. However, it is shifted in the vertical direction on one "ceramic tile" every two "tiles" in the horizontal direction.

This creates a design flooring with pictures 120 in the form of squares, which are arranged in a checkerboard pattern in the vertical direction and form a repeating pattern that is repeated with a lower frequency on the entire floor. In accordance with one feature of this variant implementation of the present invention, there is a need to repeat only some elements of the flooring identical design and design with a decorative pattern formed on them, for the General education pattern of the floor is illustrated in Fig. In other words, due to the fact that all four elements of the flooring in the flooring shown in Fig, have the same decorative pattern can be created floor with a complex repeating pattern of floor covering, such as support is consistent on Fig, by using only one element of the flooring. Item flooring in accordance with a decorative pattern as shown in an example variant implementation Fig illustrated in more detail in Fig.

On Fig illustrated element of flooring in accordance with the first aspect of the first described as a variant example of implementation of the present invention. In accordance with this aspect of the case for the element of flooring has four ceramic tiles in length and one ceramic tiles wide and includes all of the elements of the General pattern of flooring along the surface of the element 200 flooring. In particular, the element 200 flooring includes a lower right corner portion 201 in the upper left corner of the first ceramic tile element 210 200 flooring. It includes the lower left portion of the diamond-shaped pattern 110 in the upper right corner of the fourth ceramic tile 214 element 200 flooring. It includes the upper left portion 203 of the diamond-shaped pattern 110 in the lower right corner of the second ceramic tiles 211 and includes an upper right portion 204 of the diamond-shaped pattern 110 in the lower left corner of the third ceramic tile element 212 200 flooring. In addition, patterns in the form of bars poppleton 112, 114, 116 and 118, shown in Fig also play is plagued by element 200 flooring. In particular, the constructive element 220 in the bottom right corner trims are included along the bottom edge of the first ceramic tiles 210 element 200 of the deck and along the first and second ceramic tiles 210 and 211 and between the first and second ceramic tiles 210 and 211 element 200 flooring. The upper-left corner 221 is formed with a pattern in the form of the strap between the first and second ceramic tiles 210 and 211, respectively, of element 200 of flooring that uses structural element 220 in the lower right strap, but which also includes a pattern in the form of the upper limit on the second ceramic tiles 211.

In other words, the bottom right part 220 square pattern 120 has a common element of the pattern from the upper left part 221 of the ongoing square pattern 120, the upper right part 222 is formed from the top "bar" along the top edge of the third ceramic tile 212 and with the strap between the third ceramic tiles 212 and the fourth ceramic tile 214. The lower left portion 223 square pattern 120 includes the same portion of the strap between the third element 212 of the flooring and the fourth element 214 flooring, but also includes the "bar" along the bottom edge of the fourth ceramic tile 214. In addition, patterns in the form of strips, are made along the edges of the ceramic tiles on the edge of the flooring elements have a width, which is half of the Shire who were patterns in the form of laths total square pattern 120. Thus, the element 200 flooring neither diamond-shaped figure 110 or square pattern 120 is not included anywhere in the whole decorative pattern provided on the element 200 of the flooring.

When using element 200 of flooring there is a possibility of reproduction of the pattern of the floor shown in Fig, by placing identical elements 200 of flooring next to each other in the horizontal direction so that the fourth ceramic tile 214 of the first element 200 of the deck adjacent to the first ceramic tile 210 of another element 200 flooring. In addition, elements of the flooring is placed in the vertical direction is shifted by a distance corresponding to two ceramic tiles in the horizontal direction. Thus, the element 200 of the flooring adjacent to the bottom edge of the first element 200 of the flooring will be shifted by two tiles, so that the first ceramic tile 210 of the second element 200 of the flooring will be located near the top edge of the third ceramic tile 212 of the first element 200 flooring. Thus, in the vertical direction of the first ceramic tiles 210 and the third ceramic tile 212 will be located next to each other, and the second ceramic tiles 211 and the third ceramic tile 214 will be located next to each other in the vertical direction of the tion. Thus, it can be seen that due to the placement of the pattern elements on the element 200 flooring the overall design of the floor shown in Fig, can be reproduced by using one element of flooring, such as shown in Fig. In particular, the upper left corner 203 and the upper left portion of the diamond-shaped figure 110 (item 203) in the lower right corner of the second "ceramic tile" 211 are arranged in the vertical direction near the lower left part 202 decorative pattern 110 in the upper right corner of the fourth "ceramic tile" 214.

By placing elements 200 of flooring next to each other in the horizontal direction and offset by two "tiles" in the horizontal direction in the vertical direction may be reproduced in whole figure flooring. On Fig illustrated element 200 flooring, this schematically illustrates the alignment of the element 200 flooring. Required element 300 flooring for play pattern in the floor of a particular design, with the arrangement of elements of the pattern that can be reproduced by placing places the alignment element 300 flooring as follows: schematic diagram of the element 300 flooring includes a number of sections in the form to rumichaca tiles in the element of flooring, reproducing a number of ceramic tiles, in this case four, and a number of drawings of the design.

In the pattern of the floor shown in Fig, there are two significant designs. First, it is a diamond-shaped pattern 110, and, secondly, this figure 120 in the form of squares from the strips. Presented schematically in Fig on the element 300 flooring drawing a floor covering can be reduced to two drawings and design. Any element 300 flooring can provide the playback picture of the floor surface Fig provided that he has a place of alignment, corresponding to the parts drawing "unknown" pattern Fig located as follows. On the element 300 flooring has a marginal figure C1 and C2 formed on the outer edges 301 and 302 of the element 300 flooring. In addition, the location of C1 alignment features on the outer edge of the first ceramic tile element 300 of the flooring, while the place C2 alignment features on the outer edge of the fourth ceramic tile element 300 flooring. In addition, it should be understood that in the case where the place of C1 combining placed near where C2 alignment or location C2 combining placed near where C1 combine, they form a finished decorative pattern or a more complete part of the decorative pattern. In addition, a number of different places with the fit placed along the top edges of the four "tiles", the respective upper edge of the element 300 deck.

The upper edge of the first ceramic tiles include A1 alignment, the upper edge of the second ceramic tiles contains the location B1 alignment, the upper edge of the third ceramic tiles include B2 alignment, and the upper edge of the fourth ceramic tiles include A2 combination. The lower edge of the first ceramic tiles include B2 alignment, the bottom edge of the second ceramic tiles include the space A2 of the alignment, the bottom edge of the third ceramic tiles include A1 alignment, and the lower edge of the fourth ceramic tiles include B1 alignment. Designated A1 alignment can be placed next to each other, and A2 of the alignment, respectively, can be placed next to each other to form a more complete sections of the design drawings that can be found in the pattern of the floor covering on Fig. However, the elements A1 and A2 should not be placed next to each other, if there must be reproduced the pattern of the floor shown in Fig. Similarly designated B1 alignment can be placed next to each other, and B2 alignment, respectively, can be placed next to each other for the formation of the four completed sections of the drawings of the design that can barwith in the pattern of the floor covering on Fig.

Through the creation of design elements on the surface of the element 300 of the flooring so that they comply with the provisions of the locations A1, A2, B1, B2 and C1 and C2 alignment element 300 floor covering can be used to create the pattern of the floor covering with a repetition frequency of drawings design in horizontal and vertical directions, as well as offset in the vertical direction through each "half" in the horizontal direction, as illustrated in particular is given in an example embodiment, at Fig. In other words, by using the circuit pattern 300 flooring can create a series of design decisions floor coverings with the same pattern, repetition and frequency, as Fig, but with completely different design elements and images.

Element 300 of flooring can also be used for schematic display of decorative elements and combining element 200 flooring shown in Fig. In particular, designated A1 alignment correspond to the right side corner portions of the diamond-shaped pattern 110 shown in the pattern of the floor covering on Fig. It should be noted that it is immaterial whether the place A1 combining the lower right or upper right corner part, because the element 200 flooring shown in Fig, the bottom right corner of the hour is ü figure 110 design and the top right corner of the figure 110 design is made such they can be combined only in the vertical direction. There is the possibility of horizontal alignment between the parts of the figure design and vertical direction. Similarly, the space A2 of the alignment corresponds to the left side 203 and 202 of the diamond-shaped pattern 110 shown in Fig. Designated B1 alignment correspond to the parts of the picture in the form of strips with a width corresponding to the half-width of the strap, with this figure in the form of strips can be found on the top edge of the second ceramic tiles 211 and the bottom edge of the fourth ceramic tile 214 element 200 flooring. In addition, immaterial whether the pattern in the form of slats of a vertical bar extending from it or from the left side, or right side, just the patterns in the form of strips made with the possibility of combining them in a vertical direction. In addition, designated B2 combining correspond to portions of the slats with a width corresponding to half of the width of the "bar"on the lower edge of the first ceramic tiles 210 and the upper edge of the third ceramic tile 212.

In accordance with additional aspects of this particular listed as a variant example of implementation, the location A2, the combination may also include continuous boundary shared patterns that ensure the continuation of decorative diamond pattern is a prominent figure from one flooring element to the next. For example, a decorative pattern may be a pattern in the form of a structure of wood, marble or stone.

Through the use of a generalized schema element 300 flooring shown in Fig, the overall pattern of floor covering can be created simply by distributing the elements of the decorative illustration for combining one element of flooring, there is the possibility that the identical elements of the flooring can be placed next to each other in both the horizontal and vertical directions so that they will be shifted by two ceramic tiles in the horizontal direction, with the confidence that there will be a common repeating pattern flooring.

The fourth element of the flooring, which illustrates an additional variant of implementation of the present invention, illustrated in Fig. If the flooring elements have the same length as the flooring elements, illustrated in figure 1-3, Fig illustrates a diamond-shaped pattern that is repeated at intervals determined by the length of half the element of flooring and width of the two elements of the floor in the vertical direction. Since the periodicity of the pattern in the vertical and horizontal directions are essentially the same and equal to twice the width of the flooring element requires two special item deck for playback is edenia pattern. The first element 401 flooring includes decorative drawings 403 along the first long edge 400. Each decorative pattern 403 includes a continuous edge pattern 404 to ensure the continuation of the decorative pattern, decorative pattern 403 adjacent element of the flooring. In other sections, the first long edge 400 has a discontinuous boundary pattern 405, which creates a discontinuity between the patterns in the inner parts of the two adjacent decking units.

In addition, item 401 flooring may include intermittent regional patterns on the other three sides of the flooring element. In an alternative embodiment, the element 401 flooring may include continuous regional patterns along the edges of the two sections of the short sides 406 and 407.

The second element 402 flooring includes decorative drawings 406, which include continuous regional patterns 404 along the second long edge 407, which correspond to the continuous boundary patterns 404 in the decorative drawings 403 along the first long edge 400 of the first element 401 flooring. In the remaining regions of the second long edge 407 has a discontinuous boundary pattern 405, which creates a discontinuity between the patterns in the inner parts of the two adjacent decking units.

When many first and second elements 401 and 402 of flooring next to each other in the vertical voltage is the making and offset in the horizontal direction decorative ornamentation drawings 403 continues from the first element of the flooring through the edges of the flooring elements to the second element of the flooring. This alternative implementation of the present invention allows to design a floor covering, comprising a combination of repeating patterns and continuous patterns (such as wood, stone, marble or the like) by using the minimum number of elements of the flooring. Design a floor covering having a width essentially equal to twice the width of the flooring element, can be performed with two decking units having continuous boundary patterns and intermittent regional patterns along the edge of each element of the flooring, so that continuous regional patterns of individual elements of the deck are adjacent to each other.

In addition, it should be noted that the elements of the flooring with four ceramic tiles, illustrated in Fig, 18 and 19, are simply given by way of example embodiments of what is possible through the use of the present invention. The present invention can be adapted to the elements of the flooring, with any number of ceramic tiles or do not have ceramic tiles, and provides for the possibility of the presence of these elements flooring, but these elements flooring just have the designated combination corresponding to the design elements placed along the edges of the element of flooring in a similar way that prolly is concentrated on Fig.

In a more generalised approach is one element of flooring can be used to create complex pattern of flooring provided that the elements of the picture for alignment and the image element that matches them along half of the upper edges of the flooring, correspond to the locations of the alignment on the lower half opposite the lower half of this element of the flooring, and Vice versa, so you need to choose decorative elements for only one lateral edge and the entire length of the upper edge, or half the length of the top edge and half the length of the bottom edge directly opposite the half of the top edge, and then simply repeat the data elements of the pattern on the opposite half of the other side of the flooring element. Thus, patterns can be "constructed", but look like natural, except made with a structure similar to the drawings of patterns on the basis of ceramic tiles, illustrated in Fig and 17.

For specialists in the art it will be obvious that the present invention can be implemented in various modifications and variations, without departing from the spirits or scope of the invention. Thus, it is envisaged that the present invention covers the modifications and variations of this invention provided that they are in PR the Affairs of the scope of the attached claims and their equivalents.

1. System floor covering that contains:
many elements of the flooring, where each element in the flooring consists of four parts along the length and one part height;
first place align the top edge of each of the first part and the second position overlapping the lower edge of each of the third part, and first and second alignment is made with the possibility of placing next to each other;
third place align the top edge of each of the second part and the fourth alignment at the lower edge of each of the fourth part, and the third and fourth alignment is made with the possibility of placing next to each other;
fifth align the top edge of each of the third part and the sixth alignment at the lower edge of each of the first part, and the fifth and sixth alignment is made with the possibility of placing next to each other;
seventh place align the top edge of each of the fourth part and eighth alignment at the lower edge of each second part, and the seventh and eighth place alignment is made with the possibility of placing next to each other;
the first decorative element on the element of flooring, corresponding to the position of the first and second places in the combination;
the second decorative element on the element of flooring, corresponding to the position of the third and h is tverdogo places of combining;
the third decorative element on the element of flooring, corresponding to the position of the fifth and sixth places in the combination;
fourth decorative element on the element of flooring, corresponding to the position of the seventh and eighth places in the combination;
the first, second, third and fourth decorative elements differ from one another.

2. System floor covering according to claim 1, in which the first decorative element is the first half of the diamond pattern,
the second decorative element is the first pattern in the form of strips,
the third decorative element is the second pattern in the form of strips, and
fourth decorative element is the second half of the diamond pattern.

3. System floor covering that contains:
many elements of the flooring, where each element in the flooring consists of many parts;
the first part of the decorative pattern along the first and second adjacent edges of the first part of each element of the flooring;
the second part of the decorative pattern along the second and third adjacent edges of the last part of each element of the flooring, and the first edge of the first portion and the third edge of the last sections are located on opposite sides of the element flooring, while the second end of the first and last parts are located on the same side of the flooring;
treugast decorative pattern along the fourth edge of the middle part of each element of the cover, and the fourth edge of the middle portion and the second end of the first and last parts are located on opposite sides of the element of the flooring.

4. System floor covering according to claim 3, containing also the fourth part of the decorative pattern along the fourth edge of the other of the middle part of each element of the cover, and the fourth edge of the other of the middle part and the second edges of the first and last parts are on opposite sides of the element of the flooring.

5. System floor covering according to claim 3, in which the decorative pattern has a size smaller than the size of each part.

6. System floor covering according to claim 3, in which the decorative pattern is a diamond-shaped pattern.

7. System floor covering according to claim 3, in which many elements of the flooring placed next to one another, repeating decorative pattern once appropriate one the length of the element, flooring, and other times, double the width of the corresponding element of the flooring.

8. Construction panel system, comprising:
many construction sheathing elements having first and second long edges;
decorative pattern along the first long edge of the first element covering a variety of building sheathing elements, and decorative pattern includes a continuous edge figure for the continuation of decorative painting decorative pattern through neighbouring the e elements covering a variety of building sheathing elements;
intermittent regional figure for the remaining part of the first long edge of the first element of the cladding for the formation of a discontinuity between the drawings on the inside of two adjacent elements covering a variety of building elements lining;
decorative pattern along the second long edge of the second element covering a variety of building sheathing elements, and decorative pattern includes a continuous edge image corresponding continuous regional pattern decorative pattern along the first long edge of the first element cladding; and
intermittent regional figure for the remaining part of the second long edge of the second element of the cladding for the formation of a discontinuity between the drawings on the inside of two adjacent elements covering a variety of building elements lining;
thus, when the first and second sheathing elements placed next to and offset, decorative pattern, decorative pattern extends from the first element of a covering over the edge of the element covering the second element of the casing, and a continuous marginal drawings of the first and second sheathing elements are close by.

9. The system of claim 8, which also contains discontinuous boundary patterns on the three remaining sides of the first element to the shell.

10. The system of claim 8 which also contains a continuous marginal drawings of vdol the edge parts of the second short sides of the first element cladding.



 

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FIELD: construction.

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FIELD: construction.

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FIELD: construction.

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15 cl, 25 dwg

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23 cl, 11 dwg

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12 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: construction.

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7 cl, 3 dwg

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FIELD: building, particularly raised floor panels installed on adjustable supports and used for assembling floors in rooms equipped with computer or other electronic devices.

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FIELD: building, particularly raised floors for offices equipped with computers.

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14 cl, 6 dwg

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