Device for extraction of underground water and soil reclamation

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: the device comprises a system of injection wells, output wells and water distribution network with wells and surge units for aerosol moisturing. The injection wells contain gas-vapour or electric generators installed along the outer frame and inside the aquifer. The output wells contain pumps. The water distribution network with wells and surge units for aerosol moisturing is installed on the irrigated plot of the field. The gas-vapour generator contains a combustion chamber. The combustion chamber has a lid on one of its sides with an inlet valve to feed pressurized air from the piston compressor. Another side of the combustion chamber is fitted with outlet from extracting burned gas, combined nozzles for injecting the mixture of fuel thermal breakdown products and conductive fluid. The combined nozzles are installed on the combustion chamber wall in series one after another. The burner nozzles are installed adjacent to combined nozzles, they are used for injecting hot products of thermal breakdown of conducting fluid and products of burning the gaseous fuel-air mixture. The burner nozzle is connected with the piston valve mechanism. The piston valve mechanism contains a cylinder with a piston and a spring. The cylinder is fitted with a duct feeding pressurized air from the receiver. The receiver has a back flow valve and ducts fitted water-injecting nozzles. The ducts are connected with the cylindrical part of the valve mechanism. The cylindrical part of the valve mechanism has a blow valve for releasing the gas-vapour mixture into the atmosphere and a flange for fixation on the casting pipe of the injection well. The injection well is connected with the tubing string. The surge unit contains a receiving chamber. The receiving chamber has a back flow valve with water pressure. The receiving chamber is connected with the mixing chamber. The mixing chamber is fitted with a nozzle, and the surge unit is installed on a pillar. The pillar is connected inside the well to the water distribution network. The water network has a hinge connection to change the inclination angle of the bore, a jointed support used to rotate it the bore on the platform and a combustion chamber with expanding nozzle. The burner nozzles have a frame with hoses for conductive fluid feeding. The hoses are connected with cylindrical ducts. The cylindrical ducts are located inside the frame in the insulated layer. The electrodes are installed on one side of the cylindrical ducts. The electrodes are connected to the surge generator. Nozzles are installed on another end of cylindrical ducts. The nozzles are installed at an angle in relation to each other and are connected to the spraying nozzle blasting chamber. The spraying nozzle has a bottom with gas stream outlets.

EFFECT: the construction ensures high production yield of crops.

3 cl, 14 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of extraction of groundwater and reclamation of arid lands and desert areas of the earth surface, resulting in growing plants with high yield and economic involvement of additional land is not suitable at present for agricultural production.

Known methods of production of fresh water by the device of a vertical mine openings with a diameter up to 1500 mm and depth up to 300 m /see IAU Horizons drilling", Knowledge, Technology, M 1/ 1978, p.10 /1/, and using a conventional wells of different depths.

For example, for the period 1987 in Turkmenistan from wells irrigated 15 thousand hectares, and from wells about 5 thousand hectares /see 10, p.47/.

The main disadvantage of the known methods of water extraction from boreholes and wells is a relatively small volume of water extracted from them, and therefore they cannot be used for pioneering arid lands in large areas.

However, the extraction of fresh water from deep wells of large diameter is closest to the claimed based on artificial method impacts on aquifers that are located on different levels /depths/, i.e. the analog prototype.

The aim of the invention is to provide a reliable crop production nasirullah lands through extraction of groundwater using artificial method impacts on aquifers.

This goal is achieved by the invention due to the fact that the steam-gas generator comprises a combustion chamber placed it on one side by a cover with an inlet valve for the inlet of compressed air from the piston compressor, with the other exhaust valve to exhaust, combined nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and electrically conductive fluid located on the wall of the combustion chamber sequentially, and the related nozzle-type for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air,

connected with the piston valve mechanism containing a cylinder with a piston and a spring, provided with inlet channel in him the compressed air from the receiver, having a check valve and channels with installed nozzles for injection of water, communicating with the cylindrical part of the valve mechanism, with the location of the purge valve to release the steam-gas mixture in the atmosphere and a flange for fastening to the casing pipe injection wells connected to the pump-compressor pipe,

the pulse system includes a receiving chamber with located at the entrance to her under the water pressure check valve connected to the mixing chamber, equipped with a nozzle, made in the form of a trunk, mounted on a column, is connected in the well to the distribution network of water supply, having a hinged connection to change the angle of the well bore and the pivot bearing to rotate it on the platform, and a combustion chamber, provided with an expanding nozzle mounted in the receiving chamber, placed on the cover with the inlet valve for the inlet of compressed air from the piston compressor, the combination nozzle for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and electrically conductive fluid and related to her the injector-igniter for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air,

this combined nozzles include a housing with a nozzle for supplying electrically conductive fluid, connected to a cylindrical channels located inside the body in a layer of insulating material parallel to the placement of the fuel injectors, one side of which has electrodes connected to the pulse generator, and the other is made of a nozzle directed at an angle to each other and communicating with the blast nozzle chamber

nozzle-type contain the body of nozzles for supplying electrically conductive fluid, connected with qi is andrijeski channels, located inside the layer of insulating material, one side of which has electrodes connected to the pulse generator, and the other is made of a nozzle directed at an angle to each other and communicating with the blast nozzle chamber having a bottom with openings for exit of the gas jets.

In addition, this goal is achieved by the invention due to the fact that the steam-gas generator having a support rack that contains the combustion chamber, evenly spaced around the circumference, placed on them combined nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and the conductive liquid and the related injectors igniters for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air, connected by a channel to the exit of products of combustion in the piston valve mechanism having an outlet for exhaust gases on the one hand, and on the other combustion chamber is connected with domperidone devices with reflectors made in the form of pointed bodies on one side and concave on the other, to reflect shock waves connected to a multistage centrifugal compressor, is connected to the electric motor

the pulse system includes a receiving chamber with located at the entrance to her under the water pressure check valve connected to the mixing chamber, provided with a nozzle, made in the form of a trunk, mounted on a column connected in the well to the distribution network of water supply, having a hinged connection to change the angle of the well bore and the pivot bearing to rotate it on the platform, and a combustion chamber connected at an angle, with the expanding nozzles with a receiving cell, placed on them with lids with inlet valves for the inlet of compressed air from the piston compressor, the combined nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and electrically conductive fluid, and related injectors igniters for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air.

The goal of the invention is achieved due to the fact that the steam-gas generator having a support rack that contains the combustion chamber, evenly spaced around the circumference, placed on them combined nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and the conductive liquid and the related injectors igniters for injecting hot n is the FL of thermal decomposition of the conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air, connected by a channel to the exit of products of combustion in the piston valve mechanism having an outlet for exhaust gases, on the one hand, and on the other combustion chamber is connected with a cover with inlet valves for the inlet of compressed air from the piston compressor

the pulse system includes a cylinder placed on it from one side of the pipe, provided with a check valve at the entrance pressure of water from the distribution network of water supply, a nozzle mounted on the valve to release pressure jets of water, and cover with established therein an inlet valve for the inlet of compressed air from the compressor, the exhaust valve to exhaust to the atmosphere and combination nozzle for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and electrically conductive fluid and igniting it by injecting the hot products of thermal decomposition of conductive liquid produced in the explosion chamber of the combined nozzle.

The above set of essential features with the introduction provides an implementation of the objectives, while each of the population shows signs are necessary and together sufficient to obtain a positive effect of the implementation of n is unreliable crop production in drylands through extraction of groundwater using artificial method impacts on aquifers.

Based on the above arguments, it is absolutely legitimate conclusion about conformity of the proposed technical solution the criteria of the invention - "inventive step".

Given a set of essential features can be implemented many times in practice, obtaining the same goal. Repeated the possibility of implementing /making/ proposed technical solution to the above set of essential features is also fully another main criterion of this invention is "industrial applicability".

Set out the essence of the technical solution is illustrated by drawings, on which:

- figure 1 shows a transverse section through salie with the aquifer matrix and placed in it the injection and production wells;

- figure 2 shows a top view of sales with the aquifer matrix and on the injection and production wells;

- figure 3 shows a top view of the irrigated area of the field, to host a pulse settings for fine moisture and mist;

- figure 4 shows a single chamber of a combined cycle generator in longitudinal section;

- figure 5 shows a transverse section of a combined nozzle;

- figure 6 shows the injector-igniter in cross section;

- 7 cross section pok is Zan detonation gas steam generator with its own source of compressed air;

on Fig shows the upper part of the detonation gas steam generator cross section, running from an external source of compressed air;

- figure 9 in longitudinal section shows a pulse setting with one combustion chamber;

- figure 10 cross section shows the pulse combustor units in figure 9, 11;

- figure 11 in the longitudinal section shows the impulse installation with multiple combustion chambers;

on Fig shows the impulse setting volume steps in cross section;

on Fig shows the cross-section of the lid, showing the valve;

on Fig shows a view of a combined nozzle top 1-1;

on Fig in cross section showing the bottom with the holes in the explosion chamber of the injector-igniter.

Complex for the extraction of groundwater and land reclamation includes a system of injection wells 1, located at the external contour of the aquifer 2 at depths of hundreds of metres to 1-3 km and more, and wells 3 and a pump 4, and a system of injection wells 5, is placed within the aquifer.

In other words apply the methods of placement of injection and production wells, identical with the methods of treatment of oil reservoirs /see Ivelisse "Technology of oil and gas." M.: Nedra, 1985, str-168 /2.

Residual groundwater in the aquifer/s/ reservoir/Oh/ extract using areal reinjection of gas-vapor mixture with the placement of additional injection wells 6 combined cycle generators 7.

Given that in the earth's crust is almost as much water in the oceans, a new method of extraction of groundwater provides reliable crop production by reclamation of arid lands and desert areas of the earth surface, resulting in growing plants with high yield and involvement in agricultural use additional lands unsuitable at present for agricultural production.

The displacement of groundwater production wells 3 at the expense of discharge to aquifer 2 gas mixture with high pressure from 40 MPa to 80-120 MPa or more and a temperature of 250-350°C, with operation of steam and gas generators 7 pulsed with a frequency of 100 cycles per second. When this vapor-gas mixture flowing in the aquifer 2 with high pressure, works as a piston, forcing the water into the producing wells 3, where it pump 4 flows into the distribution piping network 8, located in the irrigated area of the field 9 and the cumulative capacity is between 300 to 500 m3 /not shown on the drawing/ to use water for economic needs. Due to the impulse of the impact on the aquifer 2 gas mixture entering into the formation of holes in the wall of the discharge/s/ well 1, it is subject to elastic waves 10 infrasonic range over large distances, due to the high intensity waves in the fluid creates cavitation and acoustic flow, contributing to the boiling water and increase its fluidity, resulting in increased inflow of water into the producing wells 3 /to increase flow wells/. Even more strong acoustic effect on the fluid in the aquifer have elastic vibrations generated from the open ends of the injection wells 6.

Thus in the Complex for the extraction of groundwater and land reclamation is the equipment to be placed on salese with groundwater, and equipment located in the irrigated area of the field 9, containing the distribution network of water supply 8, the wells 11 and platform 12 settings 13. Sales with groundwater may be near irrigated fields 9 or at some distance from him.

Steam and gas generator 7, depending on the capacity may be executed in the form of three variants of the device.

Figure 4 shows a single-chamber steam-generator, which consists of: the combustion chamber 14 made in the form of a cylinder with a cover 15, and a piston valve mechanism 16.

<> In the combustion chamber are located opposite one another combined nozzles 17, 18 and nozzle-type 19, 20, while the first pair of nozzles 17, 19 is located in the combustion zone 21 and the second pair 18, 20 in the combustion zone 22.

In the cover 15 is placed inlet valve 23 for the inlet of compressed air into the combustion chamber 14, which is made in the form of a plunger having a spring 24, the bracket 25 and the solenoid 26. Compressed air enters the combustion chamber through the pipe 27 and the channel 28 from an external source - piston compressor, not shown on the drawing/. The discharge port 29, which has a valve 30, is made like the inlet valve 23 to the solenoid 26, the spring 24 and the bracket 25.

Piston valve mechanism 16 connected to the combustion chamber 14 via pins 31, contains the piston 32, the spring 33 and the channels 34 /channels may be two, three, or four, placed in the plan from each other at angles of 180°, 120° or 90°/. The channel communicates with the conical part 35 and cylinder 36 having a flange 37.

The purge valve 38 is placed in the pipe 39, the valve is a valve or a gate valve. Casing pipe 40 injection wells 1, 6. Tubing 41 is connected to the threaded cylindrical part 36. The channels 34 are installed nozzles 42 and 43 for injecting water.

Figure 5 shows a combined nozzle 17, 18, which shall consists of the housing 44 with the pipes 45 and 46 for input from pumps /not shown on the drawing/ conductive fluid, cylindrical channels 47 and 48, having on one side of the nozzle 49, angled toward each other, and the electrodes 50 and 51 connected to the pulser /GI/. Fuel injector 52, explosion chamber 53, the flanges 54 for fastening the nozzle. Cylindrical channels 47, 48 and fuel injector 52 is located in the layer of insulating material 55 inside the housing 44.

The pulser /GI/ consists of capacitor 56, resistor 57, a rectifier 58.

Injector-igniter 19, 20 shown in Fig.6. In design it is similar to the combined nozzle and runs without fuel injector. It consists of a housing 59 with the sockets 60 and 61 to the input conductive fluid from pumps /not shown on the drawing/. Inside the layer of insulating material is cylindrical channels 62 and 63 with nozzles 64 on the one hand and the electrodes 65 and 66 on the other hand. Explosion chamber 67, the flanges 68 for fastening the nozzle. The pulse generator consists of a capacitor 69 and a resistor 70 and a rectifier 71. Operates steam-generator and a combined nozzle in figure 5 as follows. The nozzles 45, 46 in the cylindrical channels 47, 48 under pressure from the pump is delivered conductive fluid, which flows out into the explosion chamber 53 in the form of jets 72, 73. Contact jets zone 74 closes the circuit of the discharge circuit generateresponse /KI/ and the capacitor 56 discharges into streams through electrodes 50, 51 and the column of conductive fluid in cylindrical channels 47, 48 and nozzles 49. At the same time in the explosion chamber 53 is injected liquid fuel in the form of jets 75. Due to the energy of the electric discharge thin jet 72, 73 electrically conductive fluid /diameter jets of 0.1 to 0.2 mm or more/ heated like an explosion thermally decompose to form dissociation products at temperatures in excess of 2500°C. /see Muchnik "New methods of energy conversion", Technique, Knowledge, M, 1984/ 4, p.47-48 /3/. Due to the high temperature of the electric explosion of jets 72, 73 is injected into the explosion chamber 53 jet 75 fuel instantly heated and thermally decomposed with the formation of hot gaseous fuel. The resulting mixture of products of thermal decomposition of conductive liquid jets 72, 73 and jets 75 hydrocarbon fuel comes out under pressure from the explosion chamber 53 of the combined nozzle 18 into the combustion chamber 14 and is mixed with the compressed air received through the channel 28. The opening /lifting plunger inlet valve 23 is a solenoid 26 with simultaneous compression of the spring 24 managed by system automation /not shown on the drawing/. Working a mixture of compressed air injected into him gaseous fuel in zone 22 is ignited by the inclusion of the automatic control system of the injector 20, made the th 6, with an explosion chamber 67 plate 76 with holes 77 /7/. In the blast chamber 67 of the nozzle is provided by electric explosion of jets 78, 79 contact them in the zone of 80, with the formation of hot products electrothermal /or simply heat/ decay conductive liquid jets 78, 79, at a temperature in excess of 2500°C and shock waves, which extinguished of the bottom wall 76, and the hot gas jets out through the openings 77 and ignite working /fuel/ air mixture in the zone 22 of the combustion chamber 14. The products of combustion expanding to both sides and compress the compressed air in the zone 21, which enables one after another combined nozzle 17 and the injector-igniter 19, with the implementation of injection into the compressed air heated mixture of gaseous fuel in the mixture with the products of thermal decomposition of the conductive liquid jets 72, 73, ignition of the mixture due to the inclusion of nozzles 19, made in Fig.6, with the formation of combustion products of high pressure and temperature.

Under the pressure of the burned gases /combustion products/ piston 32 compresses the spring 33, through which the hot gases flow in the channels 34, in which the nozzles 42, 43 water is injected, resulting in channels 34 formed gas-vapor mixture with a given temperature entering the casing 40 nagn the test wells. Piston /valve/ 32 is returned to its original position due to the elasticity of the spring 33 and the pressure of the compressed air entering the cylinder 81 through the channel from the receiver 82 83 containing a check valve 84. Compressed air is supplied to the receiver through the pipe 85 from the compressor. Exhaust gases out of the combustion chamber 14 to Matroska 29 through valve lift solenoid 30 26 /not shown on the drawing/included with system automation /not shown on the drawing with simultaneous entry into the combustion chamber 14 of compressed air through the inlet valve 23, while the combustion gas steam generator again ready to implement a new working cycle.

As you increase the pressure of the gas mixture in the well casing 40 injection wells comes a point when comparing the pressure of the combustion products in the combustion chamber 14 and the pressure of the gas mixture in the casing/s/ - pipe/Ah/ 40 pressure/s/ wells in which gas steam generator is switched off.

The inclusion of the generator /install/ automatically during periods of reduced pressure vapor-gas mixture in the well casing 40 in the selection of water /fluid from production wells 3.

The purge valve 38 is placed in the pipe 39, serves to clean the bottom zone injection wells and increase the permeability of the rocks of this zone are carried out by way of the periodic opening of the valve and release gas mixture in the atmosphere.

Tubing 41 is included in the casing to a depth of 5-7 meters and reduces the temperature of the walls of the casing 40 through education in maintenacne space stagnant zones compressed to a high pressure gas having a low coefficient of thermal conductivity. Tubing can be brought into the injection well to the bottom zone, allowing the temperature of the gas mixture can be increased up to 300-700°C, in the manufacture of pipes 41 stainless /heat-resistant/ steel - Ref. 8.

Describes how to install - steam-generator can be used for oil production and remaining reserves of gas condensate, providing artificial reservoir pressure maintenance for the entire period of the oil recovery from the reservoir. When this temperature increases the vapor-gas mixture in the oil reservoir up to 300-700°C provides the high heat collector, evaporation stuck oil and increase its fluidity, which contributes to the enhanced oil recovery reservoir. As you progress vapor-gas mixture with high pressure and temperature in the pore space of the reservoir there comes a point of breakthrough of the gas into the producing wells. At this stage, the extraction of oil stops, and production wells are connected to capacitors with air or water cooling. Again steam is gas generators, located on the injection wells, and oil vapor mixed with steam gas goes into the producing wells, is cooled in the condenser to a liquid oil, distilled from the water - condensed gas and sent to the main pipeline. Due to the evaporation of adhering oil to the walls of the pore channels deposits of gas-vapor mixture with a high temperature is provided by extracting all the oil reserves in salie. However, in the second stage of oil production in the form of vapor is more expedient to carry out underground pyrolysis at a temperature of 500-700°C or cracking of oil at a temperature of 340°C, with a division into factions, with getting on the surface of high-quality processed products as gasoline, kerosene, etc.

Thus by operation of steam and gas generators in figure 4 is extracted groundwater, with the ratio of water loss of about 0,6-0,7, oil and gas condensate recovery coefficient 0,999 due to extraction of the remaining reserves in the form of vapor, this vapor-gas mixture is used as a heating body in salie and on the surface in the process of separating the oil vapor into fractions, which leads to getting cheap products of pyrolysis or cracking directly in the field of hydrocarbons.

As the conductive liquid jets 72 and 73 kombinirov the Noah nozzle in figure 5 and jets 78, 79 nozzles in Fig.6, are concentrated aqueous solutions of strong electrolytes on the basis of salts, bases and acids with different concentration /salt 10-25%, acid 2,5-5% and more/and suspensions of powders of metals - aluminium, copper, iron, etc. in solutions of strong electrolytes, enter into solution with a given concentration allows to increase the conductivity and the electric power blasts jets. In some cases, can be applied to liquid metals.

The mechanism of electric blasts jets of electrically conductive fluid.

Pure solutions of electrolytes.

Features of the process of electric discharge through the jet of electrolyte caused by the properties of the working environment. When powered by AC adapter 58, 71 voltage at the beginning of the pulse grows slowly and is released at the cathode hydrogen. In addition, the gas bubbles can be formed and jets at the expense of heating their dzhoulevo warmth. Due to the high gazonapolnenie the conductivity of the layer of solution at the cathode is reduced, and on this layer of the liquid falls, the main share of the operating voltage. Here there is the greatest electric field strength and begins heating the working environment, there is a break of the gas bubbles, the ionization of elements and the formation of free electrons completing the I formation of plasma.

Hot plasma and cooler solution jets are separated from each other by a conductive layer pair containing ions of the electrolyte.

The vapor layer heated by the plasma and own dzhoulevo warmth gradually moving deeper into the solution stream until it reaches the zone of contact of the jets 74, 80, the second jet and opposite the nozzle, after which the channel conductivity in place of the jets is blocked by the plasma discharge channel and a powerful electric blast jets 72, 73 and 78, 79 /see Baartman. Dimensional electric metal processing, High school, M, 1978, SCR-331 and 229-231 /4/ and Baartman "Electrophysical and electrochemical methods of processing materials, Vol.2, High school, M, 1983, p.100-103 /5/. High temperature electrical explosion jets 72, 73, which may vary in the interval /2-5/×104K and depends on the energy stored in the capacitor 56 /capacitor Bank/ A=CU2/2 /see 4, p.50/, where C is the capacitance of the capacitor provides instant evaporation and thermal decomposition of the electrolyte solution streams into hydrogen and oxygen and the fragments of the electrolyte, and instant evaporation and thermal decomposition jets 49 injected liquid fuel, with the expiration of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition under high pressure from the explosion chamber 53 into the combustion chamber 14.

Suspension of metal powder or g is of afita in the electrolyte solution.

Different from the first electric explosion of pure electrolyte solution more power and short process of the explosion of the jets. The capacity of the electric explosion of jets P=J2·REQdepends on the concentration of the solution and metal powder or graphite and is approaching the capacity of electric explosion of jets of liquid metals /see 5, p.94/.

Repeated electrical explosions jets in the combined nozzle in figure 5 and the nozzles in Fig.6, are provided by the pumps is /are not shown on the drawing/ delivery of conductive fluid to the nozzles 45-46 and 60-61.

Electrical explosions jets is determined by the inductance and capacitance discharge circuit, the initial capacitor voltage, length, diameter and number of jets /see 5, p.100-103/.

The cross-sectional area of cylindrical channels 47, 48 and 62, 63 is made many times larger than the diameter of the jets 72, 73 and 78, 79, diameter from 0,087-0.2 and more.

The device features a combined nozzle in figure 5.

It can be performed from the bottom to the blast chamber 53 with holes, like the plate 76 with holes 77 of the nozzle in Fig.6, for damping of shock waves generated by electrical explosions jets 72, 73.

In addition, instead of two cylindrical channels 47, 48 with the electrodes 50, 51 are inserted additional channels not shown on drawing/ s electrodes 87 and 88, Conn is received by the pulser /GI,/ containing the capacitor 89, the resistor 90, the rectifier 91. This design combined nozzle allows repeated electrical explosions jets 72, 73 in the order of ignition of the combustible /mixture/ and to renounce the use of injector-igniter on the 6, which simplifies the design of steam and gas generator.

The SECOND option is the construction of a combined cycle generator.

Differs from the first in that it lacks a piston valve mechanism 16, and the combustion chamber 14 directly installed on the flange 92 of the casing 40. This saves the tubing 41 and 86.

Combined-cycle generator without valve mechanism 16 is much simpler in design, but to achieve the high-pressure vapor-gas mixture in the injection wells 1, 6 it is necessary to use a piston compressor of a large capacity compressed air which enters the combustion chamber 14 through the pipe 27. Thus, when the pressure of the gas mixture in the injection wells p=200 kg/cm2the required compressor at the same pressure.

For combined-cycle generator according to figure 4 with the valve mechanism 16 when the pressure of the gas mixture in the injection wells p=200 kg/cm2piston compressor can be applied at a pressure of 70-80 kg/cm2, i.e. with much less power. However, applying the compressor is=200 kg/cm 2provides a significant increase in the pressure of the gas mixture up to R=400-500 kg/cm2and more capacity in wells 1, 6.

Of particular importance is the method of raising the pressure of the combustion products through successive combustion operating /fuel/ mixture in the zones 22, 21, when the burnt gases in zone 22 expands and compresses the air in the zone 21, thereby increasing the pressure of compressed air in zone 21 and the temperature of the gases during combustion of fuel in this zone, leading to an increase in the pressure of the burnt gases, which in turn leads to an increase in the average gas pressure in the combustion chamber 14 and to increase thermal efficiency of the cycle.

Cooling of the combustion chamber walls and the cover 15 is carried out by the device of the cooling jacket /not shown on the drawing/ and channels in the cap for the coolant.

Device features and operation of the valve mechanism 16.

The injection of water through the nozzles 42, 43 in the window zone 92 of the cylinder 81, the formation of vapor-gas mixture at the exit of products of combustion from the combustion chamber 14, with temperatures ranging from 250°C, which depends on the amount of injected water to reduce its temperature steam-gas mixture increases. Due to the formation of gas-temperature-controlled piston valve mechanism operates in normal conditions, with done what pressure lubrication of the walls of the piston 32 and cylinder 81 from lubricating devices not shown on the drawing/. Underside of the piston /valve/ 32 operates the spring 33, and compressed air is admitted through the channel from the receiver 82 83 having a check valve 84. This valve opens when the inlet compressed air outlet 85 from the compressor and closes when the piston /valve/ 32 moves downward under the pressure of the combustion products from the combustion chamber 14. When this compressed air under the piston 32 works in the form of a gas spring, in conjunction with the spring 33 with a small elasticity, and regulation of elasticity of the gas spring is made by changing the pressure of compressed air supplied from the compressor through the pipe 85.

The THIRD version of the design. Electric generator.

Different from the first 2 in that it uses only electrical energy, generating water vapor high pressure and temperature by electrical explosions jets 72, 73 and evaporation jets 75 water. In other words, the generation of high pressure steam is only due to the operation of the combined nozzles 17, 18, with an injection in the area of electrical blasts jets of water instead of jet fuel. Also, as in the second embodiment of a combined cycle generator valve mechanism 16 does not apply, and the combustion chamber is directly mounted on the flange 92 of the casing injection wells. The cover of the cylinder 15 is without a valve 23 and the combustion chamber is of 14 runs without exhaust valve 30 and pipe 29. Impulse steam generator operates on AC voltage of 6-10 kV, or from a mobile plant. As the pulser /GI/ can also be used machine /see 4, p.50-51/providing powerful impulses. Due to the high temperature electrical explosions jet 72, 73 in excess of 2500°C, provided the explosive evaporation of the jets 75 water injected through the nozzles 52.

Or is thermal decomposition of water, injected in the form of jets 75, hydrogen or oxygen and mixing them with products electrical explosion jets 72, 73.

In the first case, resulting in explosive chambers 53 of the combined nozzles 17, 18, who work at the same time, water vapor of high temperature and pressure fills the combustion chamber 14 and under pressure enters the casing 40 injection wells. The frequency of operating cycles of the combined nozzle reaches 100 C/s and more, with a gradual increase of the steam pressure in the casing pipe to the specified value. This pressure can be in a wide range from 40 MPa to 80-120 MPa or more.

In the second case, when the temperature of the electric explosions jets 72, 73 exceeds 10,000°C, jet 75 dissociate water into hydrogen and oxygen, which together with products electrical explosions jets 72, 73 out of the explosion chamber 53 combo is x nozzles 17, 18 in the combustion chamber 14, where they expand to useful work on extensions And1, cooled, and burn, with increasing temperature strongly superheated water vapor at T=2800°C and performing a second useful work A2due to the expansion of steam. When the vapor pressure in the injection well 1, 6 can also vary in a wide interval. However, due to the work of expansion of A1products of thermal decomposition of water jets 75 cost of electric energy for the operation of the combined nozzles 17, 18 is substantially less than in the first case, when the explosive chambers 53 of the combined nozzle jet injected 75 water just evaporate.

As fluid jets 72, 73 serve the suspension of metal powder or graphite in an aqueous solution of a strong electrolyte. For the preparation of suspensions are relatively fine powders with a particle size of 30-40 μm /preferably 5-10 μm/, suspended in water which does not separate for a long time /see Gagliano. Fundamentals of powder metallurgy. M.: metallurgy, 1987, 164 /6/. The amount of solid can reach 40-70%. In some cases, can be applied to liquid metals, such as alloy of 22.8% Na and 77.2% of K, which has a negative melting temperature of 12.5°C /see Vbelow. "Liquid metals" technical physics", Knowledge, Physics, M., 1974/ 4, str /7/.

Detonation combined-cycle generators.

7 shows the detonation of a combined cycle generator with its own source of compressed air. He is from the combustion chambers 93 and 94 /or more combustion chambers, which are evenly spaced around the circumference - 3-4 and more/containing on the one hand temperiruyuschaya devices 95 and 96 having reflectors 97 and 98, made in the form of a pointed body on one side and concave on the other to reflect shock waves. Devices 95 and 96 are connected to a multistage centrifugal compressor 99, in turn connected to the motor 100. On the other hand, the combustion chamber have a concave reflectors 101, the connecting channel 102 which communicates with the channel 103. The combustion chamber is installed on the piston valve mechanism 104, made like mechanism 16. It contains a piston /valve/ 105, the spring 106, the cylinder 107 is connected through channel 108 with the device /not shown on the drawing/identical device with a receiver 83, containing the valve 84 and the pipe 85 to the input of compressed air from the compressor.

By means of vertical channel 109 compressed air enters the cylinder 107 and together with the spring pressure on the piston 105 /well, and in the valve mechanism 16, where the vertical channel 110 is connected with a horizontal channel 82/. Window 111 to enter the channels 112 of the combustion products in a mixture with pairs of the odes, injected through nozzles 113 and 114. Cylindrical portion 115 of the valve mechanism with the help of a flange 116 is connected with casing pipe injection wells 1, 6. The purge valve 117.

In combustion chambers installed combined nozzle 118 and opposite them nozzle-type 119. Combustion zone 120, 121 and 122. The support legs 123.

Works detonation of gas-vapor generator as follows. From an external electric power source to feed current to the electric motor 100 which drives a compressor 99, compressed air from which radially arranged nozzles 124, through temperiruyuschaya devices 95, 96 fills the combustion chamber 93, 94.

Sequentially enabled by system automation /not shown on the drawing/combined nozzle 118 and then included nozzle-type 119 in the zones 120, 121 and 122, with nozzle-type 119 run on 6 without bottom 76 with holes 77, for the formation of shock waves in combustion chambers 93 and 94 more specifically in the zones 120, 121 and 122, the electrical explosions jets 78, 79.

The effect of shock waves on combustible /working/ the mixture in successive zones of combustion leads to detonation combustion speeds ranging from 1500 to 3500 m/s, with high temperature and pressure of the burned gases from nerasta is receiving pressure zones and the maximum pressure of the combustion products in the area 122 /see See. "Detonation coatings in mechanical engineering". L.: engineering, 1982, p.25-30 /8/. The resulting shock wave in the knock is reflected from reflectors 97, 98 and 101, and the combustion products of high pressure received in the connecting channel 102. Under the action of gas pressure piston /valve/ 105 compresses the spring 106, opening the window 111, water is injected through nozzles 113, 114 with the formation of the vapor-gas mixture with a given temperature and pressure entering the cylindrical part 115 and injection well 1, 6. Next opens the exhaust valve 125, made like the exhaust valve 30 on the device of figure 4, the exhaust gases go into the atmosphere, combustion chambers 93, 94 again filled with compressed air from the centrifugal compressor 99, and work cycles are repeated with a frequency of 100 cycles per second and more.

Application of detonation combustion operating /fuel/ mixture in the zones 120, 121 and 122 of the combustion chambers 93 and 94 can significantly increase the pressure of the combustion products in the combustion chambers due to the higher gas temperature and increase the pressure of the gas mixture in the injection wells 1, 6. In addition, fuel consumption is reduced by 10-12% in the knock /see Aiguera. "Detonation coatings in shipbuilding". M: Shipbuilding, 1979, p.7-22 /9/, by increasing heat dissipation.

In order to further increase the pressure of the gas-vapor mixture at Fig shows a portion of the steam-gas generator according to Fig.7, is performed with the lid 126, which has inlet valves 127 and 128, is placed in the channels 129 for entry of compressed air from the annular manifold 130, having a branch pipe 131 is connected to porshneva the high-pressure compressor - p=20 MPa and more /not shown on the drawing/. Horizontal channels 129 move in a vertical 132 and 133. Inlet valves 127 and 128 are made in the form of plungers, as well as in the steam generator according to figure 4, and include the springs 134 and 135 and the solenoids 136 and 137, and the bracket 138 for supporting the springs.

Unlike steam-generator in figure 4, operating at normal /slow/ combustion mixture with a speed of 30-40 m/s, combined-cycle generator for Fig works with detonation combustion process with the propagation velocity of the detonation wave from 1500 to 3500 m/s /see 8, page 26/. When this shock wave extinguished from the concave reflectors 101 /see Fig.7/ and cover 126.

Operates steam-gas generator according to Fig as well as the steam-gas generator according to Fig.7, however, compressed air is supplied into the combustion chambers 93, 94 of the piston of the compressor, when the lift of the intake valves 127 and 128 through the inclusion of system automation /not shown on the drawing/ solenoids 136 and 137. One after the other the GOM included the automation system combined nozzle 118 and the trace of a nozzle-type 119 in the zones 120, 121 and 122 (see Fig.7/, with nozzle-type 119 run on 6 without bottom 76 with holes 77, for the formation of shock waves in the combustion zones 120, 121, 122 by electrical explosions jets 78, 79.

Formed working /fuel/ air mixture in the zone consistently burns, with the maximum pressure in the zones 122, opens under pressure in the piston /valve/ 105, water is injected by enabling the automation system /not shown on the drawing/ nozzles 113, 114, and gas-vapor mixture flows into the cylindrical portion 115 of the piston valve mechanism 104 and the injection well 1, 6. Next opens the exhaust valve 125, made like the exhaust valve 30 in the device 4 /steam generator/exhaust gases escape into the atmosphere, combustion chambers 93, 94 again filled with compressed air from the piston compressor and work cycles are repeated with a frequency of 100 cycles per second and more. In the moment of lift of the intake valves 127, 128 due to the inclusion of the solenoids 136, 137 system automation /not shown on the drawing/ and intake of compressed air but the channels 129 and 132, 133 in the combustion chamber, the exhaust valve 125 is closed, the automatic system.

Application of detonation gas steam generators without the device of the piston valve mechanism 104, 7 and 8.

Generators octanal is by its supporting part 139 on the flange 92 of the casing /see figure 4/ and run without exhaust valve 125. This design generators without valve mechanism provides a discharge gas mixture in the aquifer or sales oil, gas condensate, high temperature and pressure with a frequency of 100 cycles per second, which contributes to the spread in the layers of elastic waves with high intensity, resulting in boiling of the liquid and increases its fluidity, increase water yield aquifers and increase well yield.

Injection wells 1 can be vertical penetrating the aquifer or just buried - POS. 6, as well as horizontal sections 140 /see figure 1/ different lengths. Also producing wells 3 is a vertical or horizontal sections 141, which reduces the number of wells on salese with the aquifer matrix 2.

The equipment located in the irrigated area of the field 9.

There are three types of pulse settings to create a drainage system multifactorial regulation placed on the irrigated area of the field 9 with distributing water network 8, the water that comes from wells 3 pump 4. When this installation 13 operate in two modes - fine hydrating /see BMA "Strategy stranded the walkie-talkie, Technique, Knowledge, 1987/ 7, page 19 /10/ and the mist.

Figure 9 shows the impulse installation comprising a combustion chamber 142, installed it combined nozzle 143 and oppositely placed injector-igniter 144.

Cover of the combustion chamber 145, the inlet valve 146, made in the form of a plunger overlying the channel connected to the pipe 147 to the input of compressed air from the piston compressor 148 /see figure 10/. Spring 149 valve 146, which is connected to the solenoid 150, the bracket 151 for supporting the spring, the entry channel of compressed air 152. Combustion chamber made in the form of a cylinder, has an expanding nozzle 153. Receiving chamber 154 /see Fig.9/ trunk /POS. 154, 155, 156/ connected to the mixing chamber 155 having the nozzle 156. Swivel 157 on column 199 serves to change the angle of the lift shaft, rotate it through 360° by using a pivoting bearing 158 mounted on the platform 12. Vertical pipe 159.

Pulse plant 13 refers to inkjet devices-injectors, in which a jet of water ejected from the nozzle 156 due to the impact on the liquid in the receiving chamber 154 supersonic jet detonation products of combustion in the combustion chamber 142.

However, with the installation at the entrance to the intake chamber 154 return valve 160 /disc valve with a spring, known in the art, the pulse is the first installation 13 is converted to the device-installation of surround action, in which the ejection portions of water occurs under the action of the expanding products of combustion /the burnt gases/.

Setup works with non-return valve 160 as follows.

In the combustion chamber 142 through the pipe 147 from the compressor 148, with open valve 146 due to the inclusion of the solenoid 150, intake valve, made in the form of a plunger, compressed air arrives on solenoid 150 is performed by the automatic control system, not shown on the drawing/. After the automation system included a combined nozzle 143 and the injector-igniter 144. From the explosion chamber 53 of the combined nozzle /see figure 5/ in the combustion chamber with compressed air is injected gas mixture of liquid fuel, such as gasoline and electrically conductive liquid jets 72, 73, for example, a suspension of aluminium powder in a solution of sodium chloride, which is mixed with air as the working /gas/ mixture ignites a shock wave, which is generated in the explosion chamber 67, in the electric explosion of jets 78, 79 injector-igniter /see 6/. Ignition of the mixture of the shock wave leads to detonation combustion, with the propagation velocity of the detonation wave from 1500 to 3500 m/s and high pressure and temperature combustion products are expanded in the receiving chamber 154, a closed return valve 160 and select the see the portion of water, contained in the mixing chamber 155 through the tapering nozzle 156 on the irrigated area of the field 9, a distance of 700-900 m, which is atomized into tiny droplets, forming a cloud over the plants.

The range of the jet from the nozzle 156 exceeds about 28 times the length of the jet formed in the nozzle for one shot, in accordance with the ur-eatwhere pWand pinis the density of water and air /see Hierocracy "Hydrodynamic mechanisms, Knowledge, M, Physics, 2/ 1972, p.11-12 /11/. While the range of the jet in the air until its destruction does not depend on the speed of the jet.

The jet length L depends on the length and diameter of the mixing chamber 155, and the diameter of the nozzle 156.

Example. The mixing chamber has a length of 1 m, diameter D=10 cm

For jet formation length L=30 m diameter nozzle. While the range of the jet to its destruction S=30×28=840 m

The next operating cycle of the installation is carried out by filling the mixing chamber 155 water under pressure from the distribution network 8 but vertical pipe 159 in the well 11, in open return valve 160 /opening of the valve is under pressure water/. At the same time the automatic system is activated the solenoid 150, providing translational movement of the inlet valve 146 of the channel 152 is input compressed air through the channel 152 into the combustion chamber 142. Re-enabled the automation system combined nozzle 143 and then the injector-igniter 144, implementation cycles with a frequency of 30 cycles per second, with the installation of 13 continues to rotate on the pivot bearing 158, forming a cloud over the plants in the form of a circle 161. Multiple installations 13 placed on the field 9, cover the entire area in the form of circles 161. The plant capacity and rate of fire jets of water from nozzles 156 are dependent on water pressure in the distribution network 8 and compressed air.

Features of aerosol humidification installation.

Depending on the number of shots of the jets from the nozzle installation are provided processes: irrigation mist, with a water flow of 10 m3180 ha /see 10, p.30/, fine moisture as rain.

With the increase in the number of shots and time of irrigation fields 9 increasing the concentration of water droplets in the air, with the merger of small droplets into larger and their fall-out in the form of fine rain. This process contributes to the high rate of fire and capacity of the plant.

Figure 11 shows the pulse setting with multiple combustion chambers 162, made according to figure 10, containing an expanding nozzle 163, which angle is connected with the receiving chamber 164 with the pipe 165 to supply water from the column 166 on the pipe 167. Priem the I chamber is connected to the mixing chamber 168, having a tapering nozzle 169. The hinge 170 is used to change the angle of the barrel - POS. 164, 168, 169, swivel base 171 to rotate the column with the barrel on the platform 12. Water is supplied to column 166 of the distribution network 8 in the well 11 to a vertical pipe 172. Piston compressor 173.

Setup works as follows.

In the combustion chamber 162, and in full compliance with the design shown in figure 10, from the compressor 173 is supplied compressed air, which is mixed with a gaseous mixture of fuel and electrically conductive fluid injected from the explosion chamber 53 of the combined nozzle 143 /see figure 10/, with the formation of the working /gas/ mixture. At the same time in the receiving chamber 164 receives water from the column 166 the nozzles 167, 165, which fills the mixing chamber 168 on its entire length. The automation system includes a nozzle-type 144 /see figure 10, in which the explosive chambers 67 are electric explosions jets 78, 79, generation of shock waves, providing detonation combustion of the working mixture in the combustion chambers 162. The combustion products are expanded in the nozzles 163, and throw the water column enclosed in the mixing chamber 168 through the nozzle 169 at a distance of 700-900 m, and the mixing chamber 155 in figure 9.

The difference in the installation 11 install in figure 9 is only power and volume is abrasively liquid from nozzles 169 156, thus the capacity of the plant and the volume of liquid ejected in one shot, increase with the number of cylinders 162 and the power piston compressor 173.

The next operating cycle of the installation is carried out by filling the mixing chamber 168 water, and combustion chambers 162 compressed air from the compressor 173, enabling the combined nozzles 173 and injectors-igniters 144 /see figure 10/ topic /not shown on the drawing with repeated shots of jets of water through the nozzle 169. The check valve 174 is mounted in the receiving chamber 164, which covers the supply of water in it when the combustion mixture in the combustion chambers 162 and opens the water inlet at the expense of its pressure.

On Fig shows the impulse installation of surround action, in which release water at a great distance occurs under the action of pressure of the expanding combustion products in the cylinder/Ah/.

The installation consists of a cylinder 175, with the cover 176, nozzle 177 to release water inlet pipe 178 to the inlet of water from the distribution network of water supply 8. At the entrance of the water in the cylinder, a check valve 179, made in the form of an elastic pendulum.

In the lid is placed inlet valve 180 and the outlet 181, and a combination nozzle 182. Each valve has solenoids 183 and 184, the spring 185, supported in brackets 186. Inlet connection on the I compressed air, coming from the compressor, the pipe 187, compressor 188.

The cover also available channels 189 inlet compressed air and 190 for exhaust into the atmosphere

Setup works as follows.

Under the pressure of water from the distribution network 8 valve 179 is opened, and the water fills the cylinder 175, before squeezing the air. Included piston compressor 188. At this time the valves 180 and 181, made in the form of plungers, block channels 189 and 190 due to the elasticity of the spring 185. Enables automation system /not shown on the drawing/, which controls the valves and the operation of the combined nozzle 182. From the explosion chamber 53 of the combined nozzle made according to figure 5, the compressed air in the cylinder is injected glowing gas mixture thermal decomposition of a hydrocarbon fuel, such as diesel and electrically conductive liquid jets 72, 73 /see figure 5/, which is mixed with compressed air, with the formation of the working /gas/ mixture.

Ignition of the mixture occurs due to the electric explosion of jets /not shown on the drawing/when passing the discharge current through the electrodes 87, 88 from the pulse generator 89, 90, 91. In this setting, the combined nozzle 182 is made with an additional pulse generator 89-91, additional electrodes 87-88 and the cylindrical channel of the mi, similar channels 47-48 made perpendicular to the first /not shown in the drawing, 5/. The resulting hot products of electric explosion of jets in an explosion chamber 53 of the combined nozzle, under pressure out through the holes 77 in the base plate 76 and ignite working /fuel/ air mixture in the cylinder 175.

The combustion products of the combustible mixture with high pressure and temperature displace the water from the cylinder through the nozzle 177 with great speed, the valve 179 under the pressure of the water is closed.

The pressure of the gas in the cylinder is reduced and at the same time due to the inclusion of the solenoids 183 and 184 of the valve rises, compressing the springs 185, opening access to the cylinder 175 compressed air from the compressor 188, which expels the exhaust gases through the channel 190 through the pipe 191 to the atmosphere. By turning off the solenoid 183 using system automation /electronic system/ intake valve 180 under pressure of the spring 185 overlaps the channel 189 for compressed air, and water pipe 178 under pressure from the network 8 opens the valve 179, which occupies the position 192 and again fills the cylinder 175, while the exhaust valve 181 by turning off the solenoid 184 system automation overlaps the channel 190. Formed in the space between the cover 176 and the surface of the water with compressed air, again due to the inclusion of the combined nozzle 182 is injected gas is th fuel mixture and electrically conductive fluid, which is ignited by electrical explosion of jets in the nozzle, and workflows installation are repeated at a given frequency

The efficiency of impulse installations in figure 9, 11, 12 exceeds 50% by direct conversion of chemical energy of fuel into kinetic energy of the water jets emitted from the nozzles. The efficiency of impulse installations in figure 9, 11 with the detonation method of combustion of the combustible mixture for 10-12% higher than the efficiency of impulse installations with normal /slow/ combustion on Fig. due to a larger heat dissipation /see Aiguera, /9/, p.7-22/.

All considered impulse installations are multi-fuel due to thermal decomposition of the jets of liquid fuel injected additional nozzle 52 in the explosion chamber 53 of the combined nozzle in figure 5. They can run on any liquid fuel: gasoline, kerosene, diesel, fuel oil and others, as well as all possible mixtures, which substantially reduces the cost of aerosol humidification irrigated plots.

Pulse setup can also be used for other purposes.

First. Water is added to fertilizers and means of combating insects /see 10, p.28-34/.

Second. Rescue plants from frosts and the creation of a field of snow cover by generating air spray tiny droplets of water /see 10, p.28-34/, the transformation is x in the ice crystals.

Third. By including the actions of all impulse installations 13, located at a specified distance from each other /see figure 3/ and work for several hours on the hottest days, provided the creation of artificial climate in the settlements.

Device features pulse installation Fig.

To increase the pressure of the compressed air between the surface of the water in the cylinder 175 and cap 176, in order to increase the pressure of the combustion products of the combustible /working/ mixture at the nozzle 177 sets the valve 193, position 194 in the shot jets /for example, known in the art valve with spiral spring/.

To drain water from cylinder set valve /gate valve or faucet/ 195.

Increasing the capacity of the installation is carried out by increasing the number of cylinders 175.

Feature of the device valve 23, 127, 128, 180, 181, made in the form of a plunger /see pig/is the fact that the valve 196 has a hole 197, which, when the valve lift due to the inclusion of the solenoids is combined with channel 198 for the passage of compressed air from the compressor or exhaust gases into the atmosphere.

Features of the device and the operation of the pulse settings in figure 9, 11.

Combustion chamber 142 and 162 have a shirt with channels for cooling water /not shown on the drawing/.

They can also work in the mode strain the x operational-injectors, when the device without check valves 160 and 174, which has a small effect on their operation, unlike with the use of check valves. In both cases, the devices they receive under the pressure of water from the distribution network of water supply 8 fills the receiving chamber 154, 164, mixing chamber 155, 168 and at the same time through an expanding nozzle 153, 163 may flow into the combustion chamber, which in these moments through the inlet valve 146 includes a compressed air pressure which balances the water pressure in the narrowest part of the neck/ expanding nozzles, preventing the ingress of water into the combustion chambers 142 and 162.

In moments combustion operating /fuel/ mixture in the combustion chambers of the resulting products of combustion are expanded in the nozzles 153, 163 and swartbooi speed impacts liquid /water/, throwing her out of the nozzles 156, 169, while the jet in the air is broken up into droplets. The diameter of the droplets in the air depends on the speed of jet flight, in accordance with the ur-eat.where the velocity U is expressed in meters per second and the radius R - a drop in meters. When flight speed jet of 50 m/s the diameter of the drops of 0.2 mm and decreases with increasing jet velocity /see 11, p.15-17/. Therefore, the greater the pressure of the burned gases in the combustion chambers, the greater the speed of the jets and the smaller the diameter of the drops that break up the jet in the hcpa is he.

When flight speed jets 300 m/s diameter of a droplet D=0.005 mm, which is achieved due to the detonation combustion method operating /fuel/ mixture in the combustion chambers 142 and 162 impulse installations in figure 9, 11. This allows spraying in the air fine moisture that lasts the longest in the form of a mist above the soil, protecting plants from burns improvement of conditions for photosynthesis. Irrigation fog is particularly useful in our time of climate change, with high daytime temperatures during the summer period, including for fields with plants, irrigation under drip method. It is also useful for irrigation mist rice fields, improving conditions for photosynthesis and produce high and stable yields of crops /see 10, page 28/.

For plant growth the benefits of exhaust gases leaving the nozzle 156, 169 impulse installations, so they consist of carbon dioxide /CO2/ and water /H2O/.

Pulse setup in figure 9, 11, 12, can be used to extinguish fires over large areas, forests, fields with high grass.

They can be used to extinguish oil and gas torches on the hydrocarbon.

Pulse setup can be used as a hydraulic guns /guns/, for the destruction and suppression of various structures.

Kam is ture combustion combined-cycle generators in figure 4, 7, 8 also have shirts with channels for circulation of cooling water /not shown on the drawing/.

Technical and economic part.

The new technology of extraction of groundwater, based on artificial method impacts on the aquifers of various capacities, is providing fresh water for irrigation in different areas of the earth and reliable cultivation of agricultural products, regardless of weather conditions on the ground.

In a statement scientist in 1985 stated that "climate change is an inevitable process by increasing the concentration of CO2and other harmful gases in the Earth's atmosphere. The statement also says that "warming may be greater at high latitudes. Summer drought may occur more frequently on the continents in the Northern hemisphere" /see Wax "Ecology and economy of energy, Knowledge, Physics, M., 1990/ 6, p.5-6 /12/.

This warning scientists at a conference in 1985, the best way was confirmed in summer 2010 and will continue to be unconfirmed until 2025, when the concentration of CO2in the atmosphere will increase in 2 times, and the climate will be consistent with the climate that existed in the tertiary period.

Therefore, the introduction of new technology of extraction of groundwater for irrigation of fields in order to stably what about the cultivation of agricultural products is vital in our time.

Artificial influence of gas mixture with high pressure and temperature on aquifers /reservoirs/ various capacities can significantly increase the rate of water withdrawal from the aquifer /reservoir/, and in large quantities and to increase the rate of water loss due to excess pore pressure generated by combined cycle generators placed on the injection wells on the capillary pressure. Water dry land on our continent becomes abundant and reliable.

New technology also allows you to extract oil and gas condensate recovery coefficient 0,999 due to the evaporation of adhering oil, condensate in the second stage of extraction of residual hydrocarbons.

The economic efficiency of the new method of extracting fresh water from aquifers increases the payback of the most expensive works - drilling of wells, particularly deep and at the stage of full payback of agricultural production on reclaimed land becomes the most profitable.

Here it is necessary to consider also the possibility of restoring groundwater in the autumn and winter periods, which substantially reduced the cost of reclamation, and that provides the several crops in the agricultural year is the second production in regions with a hot climate.

A special field of application of new technology of extraction of underground fresh water is the water supply of large cities and other inhabited localities on Earth, especially the poor river water.

In our time, when global environmental pollution and rivers that supply drinking water to the city water supply groundwater is also vital.

Another area of application of new technology of extraction of groundwater is the creation of artificial climate over cities and other settlements by spraying water using a pulsed installations in figure 9, 11, 12 in the beginning of the process of global warming on the planet.

1. Complex for the extraction of groundwater and land reclamation, containing a system of injection wells placed on them combined-cycle or electric generators located at the external contour and the inside of the aquifer, wells, pumps and distribution network of water supply wells and pulse settings for aerosol humidification posted on irrigated field area, wherein the vapor generator comprises a combustion chamber placed it on one side by a cover with an inlet valve for the inlet of compressed air from the piston compressor, with the other exhaust valve to exhaust, combined and nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and electrically conductive fluid, located on the wall of the combustion chamber sequentially, and the related nozzle-type for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air that is connected with the piston valve mechanism containing a cylinder with a piston and a spring, provided with inlet channel in him the compressed air from the receiver, having a check valve and channels with installed nozzles for injection of water, communicating with the cylindrical part of the valve mechanism, with the location of the purge valve to release the steam-gas mixture in the atmosphere and a flange for fastening to the casing pipe injection wells connected to pump-compressor pipe, the pulse system includes a receiving chamber with located at the entrance to her under the water pressure check valve connected to the mixing chamber, provided with a nozzle, made in the form of a trunk, mounted on a column, is connected in the well to the distribution network of water supply, having a hinged connection to change the angle of the well bore and the pivot bearing to rotate it on the platform, and a combustion chamber, provided with an expanding nozzle mounted in the receiving chamber, placed on her by a cover with an inlet valve for compressed intake is on the air from piston compressor, combination nozzle for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and electrically conductive fluid and related to her the injector-igniter for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air, while the combined nozzles include a housing with a nozzle for supplying electrically conductive fluid, connected to a cylindrical channels located inside the body in a layer of insulating material parallel to the placement of the fuel injectors, one side of which has electrodes connected to the pulse generator, and the other is made of a nozzle directed at an angle to each other and communicating with the explosion chamber of the injector, the injector caps contain case with pipes for supplying electrically conductive fluid, connected to a cylindrical channels located inside the body in a layer of insulating material, one side of which has electrodes connected to the pulse generator, and the other is made of a nozzle directed at an angle to each other and communicating with the blast nozzle chamber having a bottom with openings for exit of the gas jets.

2. The complex according to claim 1, characterized in that the steam-gas generator having a support rack, the content is the t of the combustion chamber, evenly spaced around the circumference, placed on them combined nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and the conductive liquid and the related injectors igniters for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air, connected by a channel to the exit of products of combustion in the piston valve mechanism having an outlet for exhaust gases on the one hand, and on the other combustion chamber is connected with domperidone devices with reflectors made in the form of pointed bodies on one side and concave on the other, to reflect shock waves connected for multi-stage centrifugal compressor, is connected to the motor, the pulse system includes a receiving chamber with located at the entrance to her under the water pressure check valve connected to the mixing chamber, provided with a nozzle, made in the form of a trunk mounted on the knee connected in the well to the distribution network of water supply, having a hinged connection to change the angle of the well bore and the pivot bearing to rotate it on the platform, and a combustion chamber connected at an angle with the expanding nozzles with PR is slightly camera, placed on them by the covers with the intake valves for the inlet of compressed air from the piston compressor, the combined nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and the conductive liquid and the related injectors igniters for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air.

3. The complex according to claim 1, characterized in that the steam-gas generator having a support rack that contains the combustion chamber, evenly spaced around the circumference, placed on them combined nozzles for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and the conductive liquid and the related injectors igniters for injection of the hot products of thermal decomposition of electrically conductive fluid and ignition of the gaseous mixture of fuel and air, connected by a channel to the exit of products of combustion in the piston valve mechanism having an outlet for exhaust of images in the atmosphere on the one hand, and on the other combustion chamber is connected with a cover with inlet valves for intake of compressed air from the piston compressor, the pulse system includes a cylinder placed on it from one side of the pipe, with agendum check valve at the entrance pressure of water from the distribution network of water supply, on the other nozzle with the installed valve to release pressure jets of water, and cover with established therein an inlet valve for the inlet of compressed air from the compressor, the exhaust valve to exhaust to the atmosphere and combination nozzle for injection of the mixture of the products of thermal decomposition of the fuel and electrically conductive fluid and igniting it by injecting the hot products of thermal decomposition of conductive liquid produced in the explosion chamber of the combined nozzle.



 

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3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: control station 1 comprises controller 3, microprocessor computer 2, frequency converter 4 incorporating rectifier 7 of DC link, inverter 8, and gate control signal generator 9. Besides, said station includes filter 11 and two current transducer units 10 and 12. Output of inverter 8 is connected via current transducer unit 10 to input of output filter 11. Output of the latter is connected via current transducer unit 12 to output 13 of control station 1, while data output A of current transducer unit 10 is connected to first data input of computer 2. Data output A of second current transducer unit 12 is connected to second input of computer 8.

EFFECT: control over rectifier and induction motors by one control station, power savings.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant comprises motor connected to surface control station and multistage radial-flow pump with left boundary of operating zone Ql limited by increasing arm of delivery-discharge characteristic with decreasing or constant increase rate. In series with said pump connected is, via coupling, additional pump module with at least one stage that has decreasing delivery-discharge characteristic, preferably, linear of delivery range of (Ql-ΔQ)÷Ql that satisfies the condition "Нд"(Ql-ΔQ)-"Нд"Ql)>(d"Нн"/dQ)| Q-ΔQ×ΔQ, where "Нн"(Q) and "Нд"(Q) are delivery-discharge characteristics of multistage radial-flow pump and additional pump module and ΔQ is preset expansion of operating zone into minor delivery range, respectively.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances.

3 cl, 4 dwg

Downhole pump plant // 2429382

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant comprises motor connected via downhole cable line to surface control station with frequency converter, radial-flow pump a with inlet 1 and at least one pump section c. Said section features lower delivery compared with that of pump a at zero head and is arranged in series with radial-flow pump a. Additional section inlet 2 and outlet 3 are communicated with hydraulic channel accommodating at least one check valve b with operating pressure threshold not exceeding preset adjustment accuracy.

EFFECT: higher efficiency in wells with major variations of local water inflows.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: water-supply system, particularly automatic water discharge from pipes, for water-lifting pipe and tower (vessel) protection against water freezing, for well and submersed electric pump protection against operational imperfection, well head protection against mudding and contamination, especially countryside water intake wells.

SUBSTANCE: automatic discharge valve comprises body with inlet and outlet orifices and lever with shutoff member, weight, bolt and nut arranged in the body. One lever part may abut upon inner body surface parts opposite to seat to close shutoff member as pump delivery increases at the time of admissible minimal supply. One lever end is pivotally connected to the body. Another lever end is bent. Valve also has outlet made as discharge pipe provided with seat and connected to side body surface. Valve has fork member. Seat and shutoff member surface touching it are flat. Discharge pipe with seat, lever and fork are made of plastic. Lever has liquid flow divider acting on the weight. In the case of increased pressure upstream of valve the divider is located from low lever side. If said pressure is between high and low values the divider is arranged over weight and space between weight and divider is equal to washer thickness. When said pressure is low lever is provided with additional liquid flow divider arranged over weight and space between weight and divider is equal to washer thickness. Water supply device using said valve is also disclosed.

EFFECT: increased device reliability and extended electric submersible pump operation time, decreased maintenance, construction and well killing costs.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: water supply facilities, particularly water-intake structures to supply underground water for domestic water supply, hydraulic engineering and irrigation purposes.

SUBSTANCE: method involves constructing horizontal drains; forming and equipping shaft well; creating additional well in parallel to one adapted to take water from lens arranged on salt ground water, wherein depth of well for salt ground water delivery is 1-2 m greater than lower level of fresh water lens. Horizontal drains and lower end of water-lifting pipe in shaft well is at upper salt ground water level. Additional well is provided with draining net to remove salt ground water for irrigation of areas with salt-resistant plants located beyond fresh water lens. Fresh water is produced from lens in amount of 45-85% of annual precipitation volume. In the case of salt water ingress in shaft well water is differentially extracted from main and additional wells.

EFFECT: provision of all-the-year-round fresh water supply and creation of favorable conditions for salt-resistant plants growing in neighboring area.

1 dwg

FIELD: agricultural melioration, particularly water supply in arid zones.

SUBSTANCE: method involves creating radial drain system including tubular drains in explored area with lens border and along with fresh water output determination at ground salt water level; arranging bottomless water drain pit in lower point in which tubular drains meet each other, wherein the drain pit is made as reinforced concrete sleeve with lid provided with orifice; inserting water intake pipe in the orifice so that lower end thereof is inside lens at salt ground water level and upper water intake pipe end is over opened sand lever and is provided with valve; creating closed pit having triangular cross-section in explored area surface along periphery thereof; forming atmospheric precipitation collecting pits in radial directions, wherein the pits are gutters inclined towards water intake pipe; collecting atmospheric precipitations with closed pit and gutters; filtering atmospheric precipitations with sand layer located over drain system and delivering thereof into reinforced concrete collar of water drain pit via tubular drains; using the collected water for domestic use in amount of 60-80% of annular precipitations; preventing of plant grow on open sand within closed pit zone. In the case of salt water ingress in water intake pipe valve is temporary closed.

EFFECT: possibility of stable all-the-year-round fresh water supply.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: water production from boreholes.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling production and injection borehole systems; penetrating borehole by perforation thereof; applying vibroacoustic pressure oscillations to formation, wherein the pressure oscillations are excited by acoustic borehole tools lowered in boreholes; producing water from boreholes. Injection borehole pipes are not perforated and are filled with working liquid. Acoustic oscillations are initially applied to production boreholes so that pressure in production boreholes preliminarily filled with fracturing liquid should be at least 2 times greater than formation breakdown pressure. Acoustic borehole device is located within perforation area. After crack opening water is lifted from production boreholes. During water lifting acoustic pressure oscillations are applied to formation through injection boreholes.

EFFECT: provision of water production in dry territories, increased economy and efficiency.

FIELD: water supply systems, particularly for underground water intake and transportation.

SUBSTANCE: the gallery is built of natural stone without the use of grout. The gallery is arch-shaped and has semispherical vaults. The gallery is installed on underlaying confining layer.

EFFECT: increased operational efficiency and quality of water to be taken.

1 dwg

FIELD: water supply.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comes to creating watertight barrage within the limits of zone of influence of water intake, provision of reduction of underground water runoff beyond the limits of barrage, accumulation and discharge of underground water in underground water storage. Barrage to partially or completely overlap water-bearing horizon in power and width is formed by freezing part of ground of water-bearing horizon. According to first version, freezing is carried out by means of heat exchanger communicating with atmosphere, and at drop of air temperature below 0oC, natural or forced ventilation is effected, intensity of ventilation and corresponding change of sizes of freezing zone, depending on position of levels of underground waters in underground water storage are regulated. According to second version, freezing is carried out by means of sealed heat exchanger filled with coolant with provision of circulation of coolant in heat exchanger, intensity of circulation is regulated and sizes of freezing zone are changed depending on position of underground water levels in underground water storage.

EFFECT: provision of possibility to control hydrogeological conditions at reliable water discharge in required volume, prevention of underflooding of engineering structures.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil-producing industry.

SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a method of purification of the underground potable water at a crude production. The method provides for limitation of traffic of pollutions by construction of boreholes and pumping in of solutions of reagents. Along the contour of the site of possible pollution they make a net of boreholes with the a controlled inter-pipe and drill string-borehole annulue space - a compound - boreholes, the distance between which and a number of steps is chosen depending on porosity and permeability of rocks. The steps of the compound-boreholes are placed perpendicularly to the traffic route of the natural stream of the underground potable water, and a pumping in of the solutions of reagents is made through annulue space and inter-pipe space of compounds - holes simultaneously with a crude and a gas production from a pay. The technical result is a reliable provision of purification of underground potable water at simultaneous production of a crude and a gas.

EFFECT: the invention ensures a reliable provision of purification of underground potable water at simultaneous production of a crude and a gas.

1 dwg

FIELD: water supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: method involves creating water-impermeable barrage in transversal river station partly or fully closing water-bearing horizon along thickness and width thereof; reducing underground outflow outside barrage; accumulating underground water in underground water-storage pool in high-water period of year and consuming water in low-water period; arranging air pumping devices within water off-take influence area; performing periodic air pumping into above devices to create water-impermeable barrage and underground water-storage pool in upper barrage pond and repeating air pumping into above devices as underground water level falls. When underground water accumulates in unconfined water-bearing horizon in cold year period trench is excavated in area of air pumping devices location, vegetation and blanket of snow are removed to increase ground frost zone.

EFFECT: possibility to control hydrogeological regime, increased reliability of water supply in required amount during all working period.

2 cl, 2 ex, 2 dwg

The invention relates to water and can be used to provide household and drinking water to rural homes

The invention relates to water and can be used in boreholes

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes creation of irrigation sections at southern slopes with wide stationary beds with narrow trenches and dead-end irrigation furrows at the edges of beds. Trenches are laid along the middle of beds and filled with vegetable remains, manure and coated with mulch of vegetable remains. Californian worms are added into narrow trenches arranged in the middle of beds. Distance between dead-end furrows makes 1.2…1.8 m and corresponds to distance between wheels of agricultural equipment. Beds and dead-end irrigation furrows are arranged at both sides from self-discharge pipeline of irrigation network in irrigation section and laid at the angle to area horizontals. Slope of irrigation furrows does not exceed inclination of 0.005. Yearly in autumn narrow trenches are released from biohumus and filled with a new mixture of vegetable remains and manure. System of melioration comprises irrigation systems on irrigation sections. Irrigation systems comprises self-discharge pipeline laid along maximum slope of area, stationary beds, dead-end irrigation furrows, measuring and computing system. Measuring and computing system is connected by radio channel to central control panel of irrigation systems in irrigation sections, which are connected to signalling indicator of irrigation termination and double-wire communication line to devices of gates control. Devices of gates control are installed on units of irrigation system, inlet of which is connected to discharge pipeline, and outlet - to irrigation pipelines and microhydrants for water supply. Irrigation pipelines are laid parallel to discharge pipeline. Vortex water activator is installed on discharge pipeline. Signalling indicator of irrigation termination is arranged in the form of two soil moisture detectors, the first of which is installed in lower horizon of active soil layer. The second detector is installed at lower border of active soil layer.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve quality of irrigated sections melioration in piedmont area, to eliminate losses of irrigation water for depth filtration and discharge, to improve crop capacity and increase efficiency of irrigation systems.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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