Method of textile materials marbling

FIELD: textile.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the area of art and color design, painting of such textiles as panels, shawls, scarves, ties, towels, etc. made of all types of textile fibers. The marbling method of textile materials comprises application of paints on a viscous substrate. Then, with a tool, a decorative pattern is created. After that the textile material is connected with the decorative pattern surface. As a viscous substrate, a mixture of thickener and textile auxiliaries is used. Substances are dissolved in hot water at a temperature of 50-70 C. Then they are stirred in a high speed mixer to form stable foam. The mixture is added into 15-30 g / kg of dry sodium chloride. Then it is re-mixed in a high speed mixer for 5-10 minutes. After connecting the textile material with the composition of colors obtained on the substrate, the excess paint is removed from the surface of the textile material. Removal is carried out mechanically and through the adsorbent material. The dye is dried and the heat-conducting fixation is carried out. Then it is washed.

EFFECT: increased clarity, brightness and resistance to wet treatments of the artistic images.

6 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of coloration design (painting) textiles-type panels, shawls, scarves, ties, napkins, etc. of all types of textile fibers.

Decorate marble stains can any surface. The known method of memoriabilia paint on the water (Marabu. Easy marble. Decorative paint to create a marble effect on the surface: paper, cardboard, plastic, metal, fabric. hobbi@digl.ru, www.digl.ru). In the container of water is added a few drops of special inks of different colors. Formed on the surface of the water spots "stretch" tool, for example a wooden brush or wand, creating a subtle patterned film, adsorbiruyuschee for a few seconds on any proposed to her subject, including the textile material.

The disadvantage of this method is that when memorialiniu water paints (typographical or oil)containing gasoline or turpentine, i.e. combustible materials. When using this technology, memoriabilia't sturdy colouring textile materials, in addition, the material is given an undesirable rigidity. In this way there is no possibility of using water-soluble dyes, which does not allow to obtain stable color on the textile material, and applied the e organic solvents reduces the ecological characteristics of the process of creating images.

The closest is the way memoriabilia, including the application of solutions of dyes on a viscous substrate, creating using decorative pattern (original pattern), the connection of the textile material with the surface of the paint layer, flushing (Uscaria. Painting on fabric. Rostov-on-don, Phoenix, 2000, p.84-85).

The disadvantage of this method is that the resulting picture is not clear, the received color light and resistant to wet treatments.

The task of the invention is to eliminate these drawbacks, obtaining high-quality artistic image, the expansion of artistic opportunities, obtaining multicolor images on materials of all kinds of textile fibers.

This object is achieved in that when memorialiniu textile material comprising a paint on a viscous substrate, creating using decorative pattern, the connection of a textile material with its surface, proposed as a viscous substrate to use a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, which dissolve in hot water at a temperature of 50-70C, stirred at high speed stirrer before the formation of stable foam, and then add to the mix 15-30 g/kg of dry sodium chloride, p is the following re-mixed in a high speed mixer for 5-10 minutes, and after connection of textile material obtained on the substrate composition of paints excess paint from the surface of the textile material is removed mechanically and through the absorbent material, dried, conduct heat fixation of the dye, and then washed.

When using active dyes as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 2-5% of sodium alginate, soap, urea, when the mixing ratio 10:1:1, respectively, are mixed in a high speed mixer, and then add to the mixture an additional textile auxiliary substances - sodium bicarbonate at the rate of 10-20 g/kg

When using disperse or acid dyes as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 2-5% of sodium alginate, soap, urea, when the mixing ratio 10:1:2 respectively.

When using VAT dyes as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 6-9% starch, soap, dithionite sodium and sodium hydroxide in the ratio 15:1:2:(1-1,5), respectively.

When using pigments as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 2-5% of sodium alginate, soap, when the mixing ratio 10:1, respectively.

p> When using diazole as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 6-9% starch and soap when the mixing ratio 10:1, respectively.

The proposed method allows to obtain reproducible by other methods of decorative images, you can also use any fabric density. Figures obtained by this technology memoriabilia, multicolored, and more abstract, allowing you to create different color variations and improvised ornamentation. When combining paint with a viscous foam substrate and the transfer ink to the fabric turns out to be a clearer picture as this composition is created on the substrate with high structural stability, not spreading on the table surface, and the presence of soap in the composition allows a good impregnate any textile material. The resulting products retain a soft handle and drape, are highly resistant colors to wet treatments and friction, so can be used as items of clothing.

Figure 1 presents a sample of the fine pattern obtained by the proposed method on viscose staple fabric using active dyes; figure 2 - a sample of the decorative pattern on cotton fabric using VAT dyes; F. the D.3 - sample fine pattern on Anatolievna cotton fabric using diazole; figure 4 - a sample of decorative pattern on cotton fabric using textile pigments; figure 5 is a sample of the decorative pattern on the wool fabric, the use of acid dyes; figure 6 - the decorative pattern on the fabric of a polyester fiber using disperse dyes; 7 - decorative patterns on the fabrics of natural silk using active dyes; Fig - decorative pattern on acetate fabrics using disperse dyes.

The method is as follows.

The preparation of compositions lies in the sequential introduction of the components of the viscous substrate and vigorous stirring using a high-speed stirrer, contributing to the formation of stable foam. After applying the ink composition on a substrate containing a different color of textile dyes, on a horizontal surface mix them, process them, the textile material is dried product and fix the color adopted for this class of dyes, by the way.

On a hard surface causing the foam substrate with a layer of at least 0.5 cm from the top thin jets poured ink and using and is the instrument - glass rods, rare crest or spatula - create abstract or figurative drawings and patterns. Next put a few sheets of absorbent material, for example paper (newspaper) and a knife.

The fabric is fixed on the frame, is lowered to the surface of the composition is not more than 1 minute. The dyes are absorbed into the fabric, but when lifting together with cloth collected a large quantity of paint and a bit of thickener, the excess is removed with a knife. Fabric face and back several times, dried with absorbent material. Then it is dried with hot air (or in an oven) at a temperature of 80-100C, then, for example, is wrapped in cloth or paper and zaparivaetsya from 15 to 60 minutes depending on the size or treated with hot air at a temperature of 100-170C for 10-30 minutes

After steaming, the fabric is washed. For materials of cellulose fibers prepare some boiling solutions of surfactants (2-3 g/l), where one, as pollution, fall samples. The materials of the protein or chemical fibers washed first with warm water, and then hold hand washing in warm surfactant solution.

The remaining mixture, adding a touch of paint, you can use another 2-3 times. From time to time background picture is more complex in color.

Example 1.

For printing the active monokl triazinone dyes viscose staple fabric offered by way of memoriabilia pre-manufactured viscous substrate. This used a mixture of 2% of sodium alginate, household 72% soap and urea in the ratio 10:1:1 respectively.

The mixture was dissolved in hot water at 60C, was mixed in a high-speed stirrer at a speed of 1000 rpm before the formation of stable foam. Then to the mixture was added sodium bicarbonate (20 g/kg, the mixture was mixed and added dry sodium chloride to a concentration of 15 g/kg, and then mixed in the mixer for 5 minutes.

On a hard surface has caused the obtained viscous foam substrate from above poured ink with active dyes and with a spatula, and then the glass wand, created a fine figure.

The fabric is secured on the frame lowered to the surface of the composition for 1 minute. The dye is absorbed into the fabric, after 0.5-1 min material raised, but when lifting together with the cloth have got a large amount of paint and the substrate. The excess was removed with a knife. Fabric face and back several times promaknula adsorbing material. Next, the fabric was dried with hot air at a temperature of 80-100C and steamed in suparna apparatus for 30 minutes.

After steaming, the fabric is washed first with warm water, then in hot surfactant solution (Figure 1).

Example 2.

When creating a pattern on cotton fabric using VAT dyes DL is making a viscous substrate was applied a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliaries: have used a mixture of 9% starch, soap, dithionite sodium and sodium hydroxide, when the mixing ratio of 15:1:2:1 respectively. Soap dissolved in hot water at 60C, added starch to Segundo, mixed in a high-speed stirrer at a speed of 1000 rpm before the formation of stable foam. Then added dithionite sodium and sodium hydroxide, and after stirring introduced dry sodium chloride to a concentration of 15 g/kg, and then mixed in the mixer for 5 minutes.

Paint with kovovymi dyes were prepared by standard techniques. On the ceramic surface inflicted cooked presented by way of the substrate, which poured thick paint, mixed them with a spatula, then thin jets poured other paints with kovovymi dyes and created the figure. On the surface composition lowered the tissue sample after soaking its paint was removed from the table, removed the excess paint with a knife, was dried with filter paper, and then hot air. The material was steamed in suparna apparatus of saturated steam at a temperature of 100C for 30 minutes and Then kept in air for about 30 min, washed with cold water and in hot surfactant solutions.

Figures obtained on cotton fabrics using VAT dyes have high clarity and resistance to the action of light (Figure 2).

Note the p 3.

When creating a pattern on cotton fabric using diazole for the manufacture of viscous substrate as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliaries used a mixture of 6% starch and soap when the mixing ratio 10:1, respectively. Paints containing diazole, were prepared by standard techniques. On a protected surface of the table put the finished substrate, on which a thin jets poured paint with diazelam and with a glass rod created an abstract figure. Anatolievna (processed with an alkaline solution of astolat sodium concentration of 10 g/l) according to a standard technique and dried fabric was placed on the drawing surface, soaked for a few seconds, removed and deleted the excess paint, as described earlier. The product was dried with hot air, was steamed for 10 minutes, and then washed with cold and hot water and in boiling solutions of surfactants. Coloring obtained using diazole on Anatolievna tissue, characterized by high intensity colors, high resistance to wet treatments and graphic clarity (Figure 3).

Example 4.

When creating a pattern on cotton fabric using pigments for the manufacture of viscous substrate as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliaries used a mixture of 3% and is iginate sodium and soap when the mixing ratio 10:1, respectively. As inks with pigments used the finished composition of the company "BASF", which fine jets were applied to the surface of the substrate and using rare crest glass wand created a decorative pattern. After removal of excess paint material was dried with hot air, and the fixation of the coloring was carried out in a drying Cabinet at 150C for 7 minutes Textile auxiliaries were removed first in warm water containing BIO washing powder in concentratie 2 g/l, soaking in her cloth for an hour, then in hot surfactant solutions.

Images obtained with the pigments are highly graphic (Figure 4).

Example 5.

When creating a pattern on a woolen cloth using normal acid and acid metal complex dyes for manufacturing a viscous substrate used composition of a mixture of 4% of sodium alginate, soap, urea when the mixing ratio 10:1:2 respectively. Paint for coloring the wool fabric was prepared by a standard method. Further steps were carried out, as shown in example 3. The fixation of the coloring was carried out by treatment with saturated steam for 60 minutes Washed sample with warm water and warm (40-45C) surfactant solutions (Figure 5).

Example 6.

When applying a decorative pattern marmorierungen received offer is a manual on the fabric of a polyester fiber using disperse dyes prepared viscous substrate similar to that described in example 5. Paints containing dispersed polyester dyes were prepared by standard techniques. Further steps were carried out as in the previous examples. Fixation staining was performed in a drying Cabinet at a temperature of 160C for 10 minutes Washing was carried out three times in warm solutions of surfactants (Fig.6).

Example 7.

When applying a decorative pattern marmorierungen obtained by the proposed method on the fabric tencel using active dyes was prepared viscous substrate similar to that described in example 1. Further steps were carried out, as shown in example 1. Steaming of the sample was performed with saturated steam for 40 min (Fig.7). The sample was three times washed with a warm solution of surfactants. After washing was carried out by "ojuku" processing of the sample in a solution of acetic acid, and 0.5%at room temperature for 5 minutes.

Example 8.

When applying a decorative pattern marmorierungen obtained by the proposed method on the fabric of acetate silk when using disperse dyes prepared viscous substrate similar to that described in example 6. As the dyes used conventional disperse dyes and disperse dyes for acetate. On the substrate caused the prepared paint and using rare crest created an abstract figure (Fig). For the eat a squirt paint on the background created the image and partially mixed paint to the substrate. After drying the product was steamed with saturated steam for 15 minutes Washing was carried out with warm water and warm surfactant solutions.

The proposed method allows the use of textile materials of all kinds of textile fibers and high-quality artwork, decorative drawings by a method different from the known methods of the art of painting.

The proposed use of the viscous substrate reduces the content of printing ink substances capable of some interaction with the dye and impede the diffusion of the dye from the film thickening agent in the fiber. Average fixation of the dyes proposed method is higher than the colouring in the usual way, therefore, the use of these dyes when memorialiniu is more advantageous and economical. The remnants of the substrate and the paint can be easily removed from equipment with water without using organic solvents. They have no smell, non-toxic and can be used in children's creativity.

1. Way memoriabilia textile material comprising a paint on a viscous substrate, creating using decorative pattern, the connection of a textile material with its surface, characterized in that as a viscous substrate using a mixture of sagasti and textile sub who's substances, which is dissolved in hot water at a temperature of 50-70C, stirred at high speed stirrer before the formation of stable foam, then add to the mix 15-30 g/kg of dry sodium chloride, then re-mixed in a high speed mixer for 5-10 min, and after the connection of a textile material with that obtained in the substrate composition of paints excess paint from the surface of the textile material is removed by mechanical means and by means of absorbent material is dried, conduct heat fixation of the dye, and then washed.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that when using active dyes as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 2-5% of sodium alginate, soap, urea when the mixing ratio 10:1:1, respectively, are mixed in a high speed mixer, and then add to the mixture an additional textile auxiliary substances - sodium bicarbonate at the rate of 10-20 g/kg

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that when using disperse dyes as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 2-5% of sodium alginate, soap, urea when the mixing ratio 10:1:2 respectively.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that when using VAT dyes as a mixture sausd and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 6-9% starch, soap, dithionite sodium and sodium hydroxide in the ratio 15:1:2:(1-1,5), respectively.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that when using pigments or acid dyes as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 2-5% of sodium alginate, soap, when the mixing ratio 10:1, respectively.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that when using diazole as a mixture of sagasti and textile auxiliary substances, a mixture of 6-9% starch and soap when the mixing ratio 10:1, respectively.



 

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