Anchor for loading building elements, in particular, concrete panels

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: loading anchor, preferably for lifting, turning, transportation and/or laying of building elements, for instance, concrete panels, arranged inside a building element so that it comprises a head of building elements connection to a loading machine, and also an anchor body, including active parts, which, when the anchor is arranged inside the building element, providing for sticking of the latter to the building element material. At the same time a part that forms the anchor body comprises at least one plane passing along the main plane and at least one flat part wound from the main pkane, which determines the active parts.

EFFECT: simplified design, cheaper manufacturing.

12 cl, 9 dwg

 

The invention relates to the loading of the anchor, primarily for lifting, turning, transportation and installation of construction elements, such as factory blocks and panels, mostly made of concrete, which is made as one piece with the building element so that it contains the cylinder for connecting construction elements to the loading machine, and the body of the anchor, including the active part, which, when the anchor is made as one piece with the construction element, ensure the adherence of the latter to the material of construction of the element.

The disadvantage of the anchors of this type is that they are comparatively expensive methods and is therefore not suitable for adaptation to the shape of the anchor to the characteristics of the treated plant elements.

The objective of the invention is to overcome this disadvantage.

To achieve this, the anchor according to the invention differs in that part forming the body of the anchor includes at least one plane, equipped with at least two faces.

According to one implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that the above-mentioned plane includes many facets, which consistently form a zig-zag sequence.

According to another implementation variant of the invention the anchor is different those who, it includes two planes attached to each other.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that it includes the head for hanging on the loading machine, which forms a separate part, which includes both the plane.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that the plane have identical or different shapes.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that the element forming head, made of various shapes depending on the means for engagement of the anchor.

According to another implementation variant of the invention the anchor is different in that it includes side wings, one of which comes from each plane.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that the wings on the part of the individual parts, additionally included in the anchor connected with planes.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that an individual part has a Central part, made in cross-section mainly in the form of U-shaped or circular groove intended to come into contact with the join plane.

According to another implementation variant of the invention the anchor is different t is m, the above-mentioned plane cut along the axis from its head to form two strips as a sequence of zigzag edges, and the corresponding faces of both sequences are tilted in opposite directions.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that the faces have an angle of inclination relative to the longitudinal direction of the anchor 10 to 85°.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that the wings are part of the individual parts, which provided the basis and added to the part forming the head.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that a particular part includes a Central portion which in cross section has the form of a groove in the head part, mainly U-shaped or circular.

According to another implementation variant of the invention, the anchor is characterized by the fact that the Central part of the wings and bearing obtained by folding the primary hollow element.

The invention will be better understood and other of its objectives, details and advantages will become more apparent in the following explanatory description with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings, which are given as examples to illustrate several variants of the incarnation and the gain, where:

- Figure 1 - representation of a first embodiment of the anchor according to the invention in perspective, formed a single plane;

- Figure 2 is a view of a second embodiment of the anchor in the future, formed a single plane;

- Figa and 3B is a view in perspective, disconnected and in the assembled state in accordance with the second variant of realization of the anchor according to the invention, in which the anchor body is formed in two planes;

- Figure 4 is a view in perspective of another embodiment of the implementation of the anchor according to the invention with two planes;

- Figure 5 is a view in perspective of the anchor according to the invention according to Figure 4, but with a different head;

- Figa and 6B is a view in perspective of another embodiment of the implementation of the anchor according to the invention with two planes in a disconnected and in the assembled state;

- Figs view in perspective of an alternative embodiment of the head of the anchor according Figa and 6B;

- Figa, 7B is a view in perspective of an alternative embodiment according Figa, 6B;

- Figa, 8B and 8C is a perspective view of the embodiment of the anchor according Figa, 6B, 6C and

- Figa, 9B and 9C is a perspective view of the embodiment of the anchor according Figa, 8B.

The anchoring device according to the invention is designed to provide loading mostly lifting, turning, transportation and laying of building elements, such as factory concrete blocks or panels.

Figure 1 shows the first embodiment of the anchor according to the invention, denoted by the reference 1. Anchor according to Figure 1 has the form of plane 1, is made of a rigid metal strip, and contains the head part 3, part 4, forms the body of the anchor, and part 5 forming the base. The anchor 1 is designed to be placed in his material, mainly in concrete, processed construction element 6, with the exception of the head 3, which remains outside of the material building element and configured to connect to the loading machine. In figure 1, the cylinder includes an opening 7, through which the anchor can be captured for a hook loading machine. The base has the shape of a thorn. For this purpose the lower end plane 1 split in its axial direction in order to form the two parts 9, predominantly equal width, one of which is folded around the line of folding 10 to be separated from each other. Part 4 forming the body of the plane 1, is folded around three folding lines that extend perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the plane. These lines are designated as 12, are displaced relative to each other in the axial direction of the plane and, thus, provide about the education of three inclined faces 14, 15, 16, which follow along the axis of the anchor formed by the plane, and each face forms a predetermined angle from 10° to 85° relative to the longitudinal direction of the anchor.

The faces 14, 15, 16 are connected with the surface plane, to allow the concrete will be strengthened as by adhesion, and due to the rectangular shear anchor elements, formed by faces. It should be noted that the flat head has a discontinuity at its front surface, which are also available on other heads of this type, which is not shown in the illustrations. Note that the construction element according to Figure 1 - concrete panel, which can be made small thickness, and the plane is placed in the panel so that its width is in the direction of the thickness of the panel. This eliminates any risk of deformation of the anchor in the direction of its width.

Figure 2 illustrates another embodiment of an anchor formed of a single metal strip. The feature of this variant implementation is that this strip is cut along the middle longitudinal line from the end of the Foundation up to the main part 3. Two flat element obtained as the strips 18, 19 equal width, which are added several times, shown in the drawing example, six times around the folding lines 20 and 21, which respectively extend perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the anchor and forth in the longitudinal direction. Fold both planar elements 18, 19 are made in opposite directions at an angle α, which is 10-85° so that each item has five consecutive faces, forming a zig-zag strip. All the faces of the strip 18 is indicated by reference 22, and the edges of the strip 19 reference 23.

Obviously, with the many faces of the anchor according to Fig 1, and the anchor according to Figure 2 is particularly adapted to the gradual tension.

Figa and 3B show an embodiment of the anchor according to the invention the reverse configuration. Each plane has three consecutive zigzag edge, in the direction from the head part 3, in accordance with the embodiment according to figures 1 and 2. As shown in the illustrated example, Figa, one of the two planes, the plane 25 is a trimmed ribbed node 27 located above the upper line of fold 26, folded out the last plane, which, in the process of folding of the two planes, is placed into the corresponding cavity 28, which is secured to the plane 24.

In the assembled state of the main part 3 of the two planes hit each other in such a way that the head of the anchor in the assembled state has a double thickness. Each of the two halves of the anchor formed of one of the planes 24, 25, which are still in contact at the bottom line, it refers to is ivania 29. Of course, you can use any other method to build both planes 24, 25, such as your local welding or adhesive connection.

Anchor with two planes according Figa, 3B is particularly suitable to withstand axial tensile forces.

Figure 4 illustrates another embodiment of the anchor, obtained from two different planes, designated as 30, 31, which are mounted on the separated head element 33. In the illustrated example, both planes 30, 31 are always made in the form of faces, but with different configurations. Of course, both sides can also have mutually inverse configuration.

In the illustrated example, the plane 30 includes, in top-down direction, the upper portion 33 parallel to the axis of the anchor, an inclined part 34 part 35, the parallel part 33, and is made in the form of a spike base 36.

The plane 31 includes a head part 37, which has three parts 38, 39, 40, forming zigzag unit with three faces.

Separate head element 32 is made in the form of a plate, the upper part of which has a hole 41 for connection to the loading machine and includes a base portion 42, which has on each side a vertical edge 43 for the passage, during the installation of both planes 30, 31, the cylinder 32 through the fuses 44 of additional forms, done is installed on the corresponding inclined part 33, 37 on both planes. Each rib 43 is cut in the flat part 32 forming the head. Ribs run the length of the anchor, and the lower part of the inner vertical fuse extends all the way to the hollows made on the inclined side surface 33 or 37 on the plane so that the reaction of the support plane was the best.

With this design of the anchor, obtained by assembling the plates are identical or different shapes of faces into separate parts, which then forms the head of the anchor, the form of which can be selected depending on the means for gripping the anchor, you can get the design of the anchor, which can be easily adapted to the conditions of its use. Figure 5 confirms this observation, as it shows the anchor, the head of which, instead of having holes for the passage of the hook, as in figure 4, are spherical and designated as 45. Anchor with two planes according to Figure 4 and 5 is particularly suitable for axial loads, lifting and twisting forces.

Figa-6C illustrate another embodiment of an anchor with two planes and a separate head. In contrast to Figure 4 and 5, each of the two planes 46, 47 reverse configuration covers the body of the anchor, the upper portion 48 which is made straight, and the lower part has two inclined faces 49, to form a V and o founded the e 50, which extends outward inclination relative to the longitudinal mid-plane of the anchor.

The peculiarity of this design anchor according Figa, 6B is that the upper straight portion 48 includes deltabase wings 51, i.e. in the General case has the form of a triangle and extends perpendicularly outward toward the plane of the flat portion 48. These wings 51 can be obtained by folding a part of the surface of a suitable form around the line, which then forms a longitudinal side edge of the straight portion 48. In the illustrated example, the wings 51 are in the form of a triangle, the free angle which may be up to 90°. In General, the shape of the triangle will be chosen so that the angle of inclination β of the upper edge of the triangle will be relatively large, in order to provide a substantial width at the top of the plane.

As it approaches its upper end each plane of the armature 46, 47 includes in its rectilinear upper part 48 hole, for example of rectangular shape 52, to set the plane on a separate head element 54, which comprises, near its base, on two opposite respective lateral surfaces, the rib 55 parallelepipedal shape corresponding to the shape of the opening 52. As can be seen from FIGU, the head Assembly 54 and both planes 46, 47 you shall within each group by combining planes through holes 52 projecting from the head, the ribs 55.

Figs is designed to show the various applications of the anchor. For this purpose it is enough to choose the right form of head 54. On Pigs head is spherical and is made as a single part, for example by stamping. However, the cylindrical portion of the grip may be also connected to the base part by means of bolts or otherwise.

The design of the anchor illustrated in Figs-6C, at the expense of the wings 51 is particularly well suited to withstand the forces occurring when lifting concrete panels, mainly of small thickness.

Figa and 7B show that the design according Figa, 6B may also be obtained from the two planes are identical in shape. The Assembly of these planes provides a construction in which the wings are located opposite lateral sides of the anchor. 7 anchor does not include any separate head element. The head is similar to the head of the anchor according to Figure 2. This further illustrates various features of the invention for the manufacture of anchors of different shapes suitable for various applications with all features.

Figa and 8B illustrate another way of creating anchor with deltoid wings, as shown in Figa and 6B. In this case, the deltoid wings 51 are formed by adding h and, obtained by folding a metal sheet part 58, to the planes 56, 57, mainly the shape of the surfaces 46, 47 without wings 51, which are shown in Figa. This part includes a Central portion 60 in the form of a U, the width of which is greater than the width of the plane in the assembled state, and the height corresponds to the width of planes, and deltoid wings 61 obtained by folding the free edges of the branches of the U at an angle of 90°. To add this part to collect the many planes of the latter, as well as the head part 62 includes, in the illustrated example, prominent ribs 63, which are held in respective holes 64 corresponding form in the base of the Central U-shaped portion. Of course, wing parts can be obtained by some other appropriate method.

Figa-9C illustrate the anchor, which has a design similar to the anchor according Figa-8C, but derived from two parts, i.e. part 65, which includes a U-shaped Central part, such part 60, shown in Figs, the side wings 67, similar to the wings 61, and two legs 68 that form the basis of, having the form of a stud. It should be noted that part 65 mainly obtained by cutting and folding the initial cavity. The anchor also includes a head portion 70 of a flat shape, is provided by hole capture is 71, which includes on its front surface 72 located at a distance corresponding to the thickness of the Central portion 66, two Assembly ribs 73, which are located in the holes of the appropriate form of 75 in the base of the Central element 66 part 65. As is apparent from the drawings, the anchor is obtained by inserting the head 70 in the Central portion 66, the sizes of both parts is appropriate. The cross-sectional shape of the Central parts 60 and 66 may be different, for example circular.

Of course, a variety of options for the design of the anchor is much wider than shown on the drawings that were provided only as examples. Indeed, its modular design, which can use multiple planes are identical or different forms, which, if necessary, are mounted on the head element of a suitable form, according to the invention provides the absolute applicability to the loading conditions of the construction elements, mainly concrete panels of small thickness. It is assumed that the anchor according to the invention may be made from planes and heads simplest form, the cost of the anchor is low and the manufacturing quality is high. It should be noted that the deformation planes can be achieved in any suitable way, for example by stamping.

As shown in the description, which was made the ANO in accordance with the drawings, the anchor according to the invention has major advantages compared with anchors, known from the prior art. In this regard, the anchor is mainly formed of one or two planes are identical or different shape, cross section, length, width and height which can be adjusted according to the technical geometric characteristics of the panels. Form one element in the form of assembled or United planes has one or more faces, obtained by folding at an angle from 10 to 85°. These single or United in the planes of the faces at the same time increase the traction surface, reinforce concrete in compression internal and external surfaces of the faces that are tangent at right angles to the anchor. Anchor creates compression inside faces when connecting planes. The anchor may act in the process of lifting, turning and applications of oblique shear loads without increasing the volume of the metal used. The head of the anchor can be made spherical, flat, fastened on the thread, and can also be connected to the lifting ring. The head of the anchor can be used to position the anchor before pouring concrete.

1. Loading anchor primarily for lifting, turning, transportation and/or stacking of building elements such as concrete panels, raznesennymi building element so it contains the head of the connecting construction elements to the loading machine, and the body of the anchor, including the active part, which, when the anchor is placed inside a building element, ensure the adherence of the latter to the material construction element, wherein the part forming the body of the anchor includes at least one plane(3, 33, 37, 48), passing along the main plane, and at least one flat part, collapsed from the main plane, which defines the active face(14, 15, 16, 22, 23).

2. The anchor according to claim 1, characterized in that the active faces have an angle of inclination relative to the longitudinal direction of the anchor 10 to 85°.

3. The anchor according to claim 2, characterized in that the active face is folded along the transverse axis of the plane.

4. The anchor according to claim 3, characterized in that the above-mentioned plane includes many facets, which consistently form a zig-zag sequence.

5. The anchor according to claim 2, characterized in that the anchor (1) comprises two planes attached to each other.

6. The anchor according to claim 5, characterized in that the above-mentioned plane cut along the axis from her head with the formation of two bands as a sequence of zigzag edges, and the corresponding faces of both sequences are tilted in opposite directions.

7. The anchor according to claim 6, otlichuy is the, that plane have identical or different shapes.

8. The anchor according to claim 7, characterized in that it contains at least one lateral wing (51, 67), formed part of the plane, which is folded from the main plane along the longitudinal axis of the plane.

9. The anchor of claim 8, characterized in that the wings (61) are a separate part (58)is additionally included in the anchor connected with planes.

10. The anchor according to claim 9, characterized in that a separate item (58) has a Central portion (60), made in cross-section mainly in the form of U-shaped or circular groove intended to come into contact with the join plane.

11. Anchor according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the element forming head, made of various shapes depending on the means for engagement of the anchor.

12. The anchor according to claim 11, wherein the anchor includes a head (32, 54, 62) for hanging on the loading machine, which forms a separate part, which includes both the plane.



 

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SUBSTANCE: loading anchor, preferably for lifting, turning, transportation and/or laying of building elements, for instance, concrete panels, arranged inside a building element so that it comprises a head of building elements connection to a loading machine, and also an anchor body, including active parts, which, when the anchor is arranged inside the building element, providing for sticking of the latter to the building element material. At the same time a part that forms the anchor body comprises at least one plane passing along the main plane and at least one flat part wound from the main pkane, which determines the active parts.

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12 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: entire process of panel assembly from steel galvanised shapes takes place in building ways comprising a bed, mechanisation elements, electric equipment and two stands: a stationary and a mobile ones, along which carriages may move, setting various angles of inclination and height of the assembled panel relative to the horizontal plane, and the mobile stand itself may move along the building ways along the horizontal line, providing for the preset panel length. Carriages and the movable stand are controlled automatically from a control station. Assembly of panels in the building ways is started from installation of transverse shapes according to basic openings onto fixators of carriages of the stationary and movable stands and pulling of the shapes to the plates of the carriage shaft by rotating magnet handles. Then the movable stand is moved along the building ways along linear guides, keeping the length of the assembled panel. Then longitudinal profiles are installed between transverse ones and fastened at one side. Afterwards the carriages with a panel frame fixed on them are raised into the upper position and are rotated by 180. Then the carriages with the panel frame are lowered to the height convenient for assembly. Then shapes are fastened at the opposite side to form a stiff frame of the panel, and lining is installed on this side. Afterwards the frame with the lining is raised into the upper position, rotated by 180 and lowered down, the insulant is laid, and the lining is installed on the second side of the panel, the finished panel is removed from the building ways, with preliminary disconnection of magnets and removal of carriage fixators.

EFFECT: building ways design does not block up the working space around the frame of the assembled panel, leaves free access and approach to areas of assembly and makes it possible to perform assembly works at different levels without reinstallation of the assembled panel.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: frame comprises horizontal beams and vertical supports. Parts of the frame are installed in place by means of at least one lifting device, at the same time at least one of frame supports is installed in place by means of a rigid boom system with the help of its displacement together with a gripping device attached to a boom system. The support rotates to the appropriate setting position by rotation of gripping facilities of the gripping device around at least two axes of rotation. Preferably a lifting device is based on a logging machine and may transport together with it materials required to manufacture and assemble the frame.

EFFECT: improved accuracy of frame elements installation.

14 cl, 2 dwg

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