Liquid detergent composition for improved removal of fatty contaminants
SUBSTANCE: detergent composition contains an alkoxylated polyethylene imine polymer and an alkyl- or hydroxyalkylsulphate or sulphonate surfactant. The polyethylene imine polymer contains one or more alkoxylation modifications on a nitrogen atom and substitution of one C1-C4 alkyl group and one or more alkoxylation modifications on the nitrogen atom. All components are taken in a defined ratio.
EFFECT: invention enables efficient removal of fatty contaminants while maintaining foam height and acceptable total content of such a cleaning agent in liquid dish washing compositions.
15 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex
The scope to which the invention relates.
The present invention relates to liquid detergent compositions containing alkoxycarbonyl polyethylenimine polymer aminoxide and sulphate or sulphonate surfactant for enhanced removal of grease from the surface of the dish.
The level of technology
Fat removal using liquid detergent compositions is an important task for consumers. Consumers using liquid detergent as a liquid detergent composition for household washing dishes, tend to use it for washing heavily soiled, oily products at the end of the wash, after washed more free-cutting products, such as glasses and small dishes.
To remove grease composition liquid detergent for easy washing dishes need a strong foaming. It has been unexpectedly found that the present invention gives a liquid composition for dishwashing superior cleaning ability while maintaining acceptable total amount of cleaner, and the height of the foam.
The present invention relates to liquid detergent compositions containing: (a) from about 0.1 wt.% up to about 10 wt.% alkoxysilanes polyethylenimine polymer containing polyethylenimine chapters of the second chain with a weighted average molecular weight of from about 400 to about 10,000, and this alkoxycarbonyl polyethylenimine polymer contains further: (1) one or two modifications alkoxysilane on the nitrogen atom by polyoxyalkylene circuit, having on average from about 1 to about 30 alkoxide groups to modify, at this end alkoxygroup modification alkoxysilane ends of a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4the alkyl or mixtures thereof; (2) substitution of one C1-C4alkyl groups and one or two modifications alkoxysilane on the nitrogen atom polyalkyleneglycol chain having an average of from about 1 to about 40 alkoxygroup modification, with end alkoxygroup ends of hydrogen, C1-C4the alkyl or mixtures thereof; or (3) a combination thereof; and (b) from about 5 wt.% to about 40 wt.% sulphate or sulphonate surfactants (surfactant).
All cited documents, in relevant part, included in the application by reference; the citation of any of them shall not be construed as recognition of their relevant prior art against the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Liquid cleaning compositions of the present invention unexpectedly provide improved removal of grease while maintaining the height of the foam and acceptable total content of such a cleaner in the liquid composition is x for washing dishes.
As used in this application under "the fat contamination" refers to compounds containing at least part (i.e. at least 0.5 wt.% from mass contamination) saturated and unsaturated fats and oils, preferably fats and oils of animal origin such as beef and or chicken fat.
As used in this application, profile foam" means a measure of aeration (low or high) and resistance to foaming (long or limited) in the cleaning process that occurs when using liquid detergent compositions of the present invention. For liquid compositions for dishwashing requires strong and persistent foaming. This is especially important for liquid compositions for washing dishes, because the consumer uses foam as an indicator of the effectiveness of the detergent composition. In addition, the consumer liquid composition for washing dishes also uses the profile foam as an indication that the cleaning solution still contains active ingredients surfactants. Usually, the consumer updates the cleaning solution while reducing the foaming. Thus, the consumer will be inclined to change the composition of the liquid composition for washing dishes with low foaming more than necessary, because of the low level of foaming.
As used in this application, "tableware" means such surfaces, to whom it serves, glasses, cups, pans, trays and Cutlery made from ceramic, porcelain, metal, glass, plastic (polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene etc) and wood.
As used in this application, "liquid washing composition for washing in mild conditions" refers to those compositions that are used when hand washing dishes. These compositions usually give considerable foaming or foaming.
As used in this application, unless explicitly specified, all the ranges of values presented in the format "from X to Y" or "from about X to about Y". It should be understood that any limit specified in the present description, will include any maximum or minimum value, as if such maximum or minimum limit value is indicated directly. Any range given in this description will include any narrower sub-range, as if such sub-range would be specified directly.
Unless otherwise specified, the weight percents are relative to the mass content in the liquid detergent composition. All temperature, unless otherwise noted, are given in Celsius.
Alkoxycarbonyl polyethylenimine polymer
The composition of the present invention may contain from about 0.01 wt.% to about 2 wt.%, p is impactfulness from about 0.1 wt.% up to about 1.5 wt.%, more preferably from about 0.2 wt.% up to about 1.5 wt.% alkoxysilanes polyethylenimine, based on the weight of the composition.
According to the present invention alkoxycarbonyl polyethylenimine has polyethylenimine main chain with an average molecular weight from about 400 to about 10,000, preferably from about 400 to about 7000, alternatively from about 3000 to about 7000.
Alkoxysilane polyethylenimine the main circuit includes: (1) one or two modifications alkoxysilane on the nitrogen atom in polyethylenimine main circuit depending on whether the modification of the internal nitrogen atom or at an end of a nitrogen atom, and modification of alkoxysilane consists of the replacement of a hydrogen atom policosinol circuit, having on average from about 1 to about 40 alkoxide groups to modify, where end alkoxygroup modification alkoxysilane ends of hydrogen, C1-C4the alkyl or mixtures thereof; (2) substitution of one With1-C4alkyl groups and one or two modifications alkoxysilane on the nitrogen atom in polyethylenimine main circuit depending on whether the replacement of the internal or leaf nitrogen, and modification of alkoxysilane consists of the replacement of a hydrogen atom policosinol circuit,having on average from about 1 to about 40 alkoxide groups to modify, where end alkoxygroup modification alkoxysilane ends of hydrogen, C1-C4the alkyl or mixtures thereof; or (3) a combination of both.
For example, the following non-limiting possible modifications of leaf nitrogen atom polyethylenimine main circuit, where R represents an ethylene spacer, and E represents C1-C4alkyl group and X-represents a suitable water soluble counterion.
In addition, the following non-limiting examples of possible modifications of the internal nitrogen atoms polyethylenimine main circuit, where R represents an ethylene spacer, and E represents C1-C4alkyl group and X-represents a suitable water soluble counterion.
Modification alkoxysilane polyethylenimine the main circuit consists in the substitution of a hydrogen atom poliatilenaksidna chain having an average of from about 1 to about 30 alkoxide groups, preferably from about 5 to about 20 alkoxide groups. Alkoxide group selected from ethoxy- (EO), 1,2-propoxy- (1,2 -, 1,3-propoxy- (1,3 -), butoxypropyl (BO) and their combinations. Preferably, polyalkoxyalkyl chain you who Iraida from taksigrup and units ethoxy/propoxylate. More preferably, polyalkoxyalkyl chain represents ethoxypropan with a medium level of from about 5 to about 15, and polyalkoxyalkyl chain represents blocks of ethoxy/propoxylate medium amoxilonline from about 5 to about 15 and an average degree of propoxycarbonyl from about 1 to about 16. More preferably, polyalkoxyalkyl chain represents blocks of ethoxy/propoxylate, where the unit propoxylate is the ending alkoxygroup.
The modification may result in permanent quaternization of the nitrogen atoms polyethylenimine the main circuit. The constant degree of quaternization of the nitrogen atoms polyethylenimine main chain can be from 0% to about 30%. Preferably, in polyethylenimine the main circuit was less than 30% constantly quaternionic nitrogen atoms.
Preferred modified polyethylenimine has the General structural formula (I):
where polyethylenimine main chain has an average molecular weight of 600 or 5000, n in the formula (I) has a value of 5-10, a R in the formula (I) is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4the alkyl and mixtures thereof.
Another preferred polyethylenimine has the General structural formula (II):
where polyethylenimine the main chain and EET average molecular weight of 600 or 5000, in the formula (II) n has an average value of 10 m on average is 7, a R is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4the alkyl and mixtures thereof. The constant degree of quaternization of the nitrogen atoms polyethylenimine the main circuit by the formula (II) may range from 0 % to about 22%.
Such polyamine can be obtained, for example, by polymerization etilenimina in the presence of such a catalyst as carbon dioxide, disulfit sodium, sulfuric acid, hydrogen peroxide, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, etc.
Polyethylenimine (molecular weight main chain 5000), hereinafter PEI 5000, with 7 ethoxypropane (EA) on one nitrogen atom polyethylenimine main circuit (NH)
a) Processing PEI 5000 with 1 EO/NH
A 2 l reactor and heated to 80°C 900 g of 50 wt.% aqueous solution of PEI 5000 (molecular weight main chain 5000) and rinsed three times with nitrogen (until then, until it reaches a pressure of 500 kPa (5 bar)). Increase the temperature to 90°C and add 461 g of ethylene oxide until then, until the pressure increases to 500 kPa (5 bar). By blowing with nitrogen at 80°C and a vacuum of 50 kPa (500 mbar) for 2 hours to remove volatile components. Collect 1345 g of 68%aqueous solution, which contains PEI 5000 with 1 EO/NH.
b) Alkoxysilane in the presence of a solvent
A 2 l reactor process 362 g 68.5 per cent aqueous solution obtained in stage a), 31 g of a 40%aqueous solution of hydroxy is and potassium and 300 g of xylene, and rinsed three times with nitrogen, until it reaches a pressure of 500 kPa (5 bar). Remove the water for 4 hours at 170°C (in the presence of a solvent). At 120°C and a pressure of 300 kPa add 753 g of ethylene oxide at 120°C and a pressure of 300 kPa (3 bar). Stirred for 3 hours at 120°C. Remove from compound solvent and blow steam at 120°C for 3 hours. Collect 1000 g of a light brown viscous liquid (amine: 2,5448 mmol KOH/g; pH value 1%aqueous 11,2), which is the target product (PEI 5000 - 7 EO/NH).
Polyethylenimine (molecular weight main chain 5000), hereinafter PEI 5000, 10 ethoxypropane (EA) and 7 propoxyphene on one nitrogen atom polyethylenimine main circuit (NH)
a) Processing PEI 5000 with 1 EO/NH as in example 1.
A 2 l reactor process 163 g 68,4% aqueous solution obtained in stage a)of 13.9 g of 40%aqueous potassium hydroxide solution, heated to 70°C and rinsed three times with nitrogen, until it reaches a pressure of 500 kPa (5 bar). Remove the water for 4 hours at 120°C and a vacuum of 1 kPa (10 mbar). At 120°C type 506 g of ethylene oxide until then, until it reaches a pressure of 800 kPa (8 bar). Stirred for 4 hours at 120°C. is Blown with nitrogen at 120°C. Add 519 g of propylene oxide at 120°C until the pressure reaches 800 kPa (8 bar). Stirred for 4 hours at 102°C. In Aleut volatile components by blowing with nitrogen at 80°C or in a vacuum of 50 kPa (500 mbar) and a temperature of 80°C. Collect 1178 g of a light brown viscous liquid (amine titer: 0,9276 mmol KOH/g; pH value 1%aqueous 10,67), which is the target product (PEI 5000-10 EO/NH - 7 PO/NH).
Alternative: b) Alkoxysilane in the presence of a solvent.
A 2 l reactor process 137 g 68.7 per cent aqueous solution obtained in stage a), and 11.8 g of 40% aqueous solution of potassium hydroxide and 300 g of xylene and rinsed three times with nitrogen (to achieve a pressure of 500 kPa (5 bar)). Remove the water available within the next 4 hours, maintaining a temperature of 170°C (solvent). Add 428 g of ethylene oxide at 120°C to obtain a pressure of 300 kPa (3 bar) and stirred for 2 hours at 120°C. is Blown with nitrogen at 120°C. Add 439 g of propylene oxide at 120°C until until the pressure reaches 300 kPa (3 bar). Stirred at 120°C for 3 hours. Remove the solvent from the compound and rinsed with water vapor at a temperature of 120°C for 3 hours. Collect 956 g of a light brown viscous liquid (amine titer: 0,9672 mmol KOH/g; pH value 1%aqueous 10,69), which is the target product (PEI 5000 - 10 PO/NH - 7 PO/NH).
Polyethylenimine (molecular weight main chain 5000), hereinafter PEI 5000, 10 ethoxypropane (EA) and 7 propoxyphene (RO) one nitrogen atom polyethylenimine main circuit (NH) with 22%quaternization
PEI 5000 get to the to the procedure described in example 2.
a) the Quaternization.
300 g of PEI 5000 10 PO/NH - 7 PO/NH (example 2) are heated in nitrogen atmosphere to 60°C. and Then added dropwise to 7.3 g dimethylsulfate. Increase the temperature to 70°C. and the mixture is stirred for 3 hours. The recovery of amine titer (0,9672 mmol/g to 0,7514 mmol/g) indicates quaternization of 22% n Receive 307 g of a brownish, viscous liquid, which is a PEI 5000 - (10 PO/NH-7 PO)/NH - 22% Quat.
Polyethylenimine (molecular weight main chain 600), hereinafter PEI 600, with 10 ethoxypropane (EA) and 7 propoxyphene (RO) one nitrogen atom polyethylenimine main circuit (NH)
a) Processing PEI 600 with 1 EO/NH.
A 2 l reactor and heated to 90°C 516 g polyethylenimine 600 (molecular weight 600 g/mol) and 10.3 g of water and rinsed three times with nitrogen until the pressure reaches 5 bar. At 90°C add 528 g of ethylene oxide. After 1 hour stirring at 90°With get 1050 g of liquid. Volatile components are removed by purging with nitrogen or in vacuum at 90°C and 10 mbar. The liquid contains PEI 600 with 1 EO/NH.
A 2 l reactor process 86 g of the liquid obtained in stage a), 10.8 g of 40%aqueous solution of KOH, heated to 80°C and rinsed three times with argon, until it reaches a pressure of 5 bar. Remove the water for 2.5 hours at 120°C and a vacuum of 10 mbar. Then the reactor is purged with nitrogen and at 120°C type 393 g of propylene is oxide and stirred at this temperature for 2 hours. By blowing nitrogen or in a vacuum of 500 mbar at 80°C. to remove volatile components. Receive 865 g of a light brown viscous liquid (amine titer: 1,0137 mmol KOH/g; pH value 1%aqueous of 11.15), which is the target product (PEI 60010 EO/NH - 7 PO/NH).
The aqueous carrier liquid
The liquid detergent compositions of the present invention optionally contain from about 30% to about 80% aqueous liquid carrier in which dissolve, disperse or suspendered other necessary or optional components of the composition. More preferably, the aqueous carrier liquid will be from about 45% to about 70%, more preferably from about 45% to about 65% of the compositions of the present invention.
One preferred component of the liquid aqueous medium is water. However, the liquid aqueous medium may contain other materials which are liquid or soluble in the liquid carrier at room temperature (20-25°C) temperature and which can also perform some other functions, in addition to the inert filler. Depending on the geography of the liquid detergent composition of the present invention, the water in the composition of the liquid aqueous medium may have a hardness level 2-30 UAH/Gal (Grand per gallon; known to experts measure the hardness of water).
The liquid detergent composition can have any suitable pH value. Preferably, the pH of the composition is set between 4 and 14. More preferably, the composition has a pH between 6 and 13, even more preferably between 6 and 10. the pH of the composition can be adjusted by means known from the prior art changing the pH of the components.
The density of the composition
Preferably, the liquid detergent compositions of the present invention are thickened and have a viscosity of more than 500 CPS at 20°C. More preferably the viscosity of the specified composition is between 500 to 1100 SP. In the present invention include compositions having the form of microemulsions.
Surface-active substances (surfactants)
The liquid detergent composition according to the present invention may optionally contain a surfactant other than srednerazmernyh of aminoxide discussed earlier, and selected from nonionic, anionic, cationogenic surfactants, ampholytic, zwitterionic, polupryamykh nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof. Optional, when they are present, the surfactant can be from about 0.01 wt.% to about 50 wt.% by weight of the liquid detergent compositions of the present invention, preferably from about 1 wt.% to about 50 wt.% by weight of the liquid detergent composition. Non-limiting subretinally optional surfactants are discussed next.
Sulphate or sulphonate surfactants
Sulphate or sulphonate surfactant is present in amount of at least 5%, more preferably from 5% to 40%, and most preferably from 5% to 30% by weight of the liquid detergent composition.
Suitable for use in the compositions of the present invention sulphate or sulphonate surfactants include water soluble salts or acids With10-C14alkyl, or hydroxyalkyl, sulfate or sulfonates. Suitable counterions include hydrogen, a cation of an alkali metal or ammonium, or substituted ammonium, but preferably sodium.
If the hydrocarbon chain is branched, it preferably contains1-4the alkyl chain branching. The average percentage branching of the sulphate or sulphonate surfactant is preferably more than 30%, preferably from 35% to 80%, most preferably from 40% to 60% of all hydrocarbon chains.
Sulphate or sulphonate surfactants may be selected from C11-C18the alkyl benzene-sulfonates (LAS), C8-C20primary, branched or disordered alkyl sulphonates (AS); C10-C18secondary (2,3) alkyl sulphates; C10-C18alkoxysilylated (AExS), where x is preferably 1-30; C10-C18alkoxycarbonyl, preferably the containing 1-5 atoxigenic links; srednerazmernyh of alkyl sulphates, such as described in U.S. patent No. 6.020.303 and 6.060.443; srednerazmernyh of alkoxysilylated, such as described in U.S. patent No. 6.008.181 and 6.020.303; modified alkylbenzenesulfonate (MLAS), similar to those described in the publications of international applications WO 99/05243, WO 99/05242, WO 99/05244, WO 99/05082, WO 99/05084, WO 99/05241, WO 99/07656, WO 00/23549 and WO 00/23548; the methyl ester sulfonates (MES) and alpha reincorporate (AOS).
Commonly used surfactants based on alkyl sulphonates and / or alkylsulfates glycerin has a high content of monomer (more than 60 wt.% by weight surfactant based on alkylsulfonate glycerol). As used in this application, "oligomer" includes a dimer, trimer, tetramer and oligomer to heptameron surfactant-based alkylsulfonate and (or) alkylsulfate glycerin. Minimize the content of the monomer can be from 0 wt.% to about 60 wt.%, from 0 wt.% to about 55 wt.%, from 0 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, from 0 wt.% to about 30 wt.% from the mass of available glycerin-alkylsulfonates and (or) alkylsulfates surfactant.
Glycerin-alkylsulfonate and (or) alkylsulfate surfactants suitable for use in the present invention includes a surfactant having a chain length from C10-C40With10-C22C12-C18and C16-C18. The alkyl chain can be branched or unbranched, being the m branch, if available, include With1-4alkyl group, for example methyl (C1) or ethyl (C2). Usually the structures of suitable oligomers glycerin-alkylsulfonate surfactants that can be used within the present invention include (a) dimer; (B) trimers and (C) tetramer.
The specialist determines that the counterion may be replaced by other suitable soluble cations other than sodium, as shown above. R in the above structures (A)-(C) represents a C10-40With10-22C12-18and C16-18. The alkyl chain can be branched or unbranched, and branching, if present, contain a1-4group, for example methyl (C1) or ethyl (C2). The specialist is also clear that the corresponding oligomers of glycerol-alkylsulfate surfactants may also have similar patterns with a group of SO3-which group OSO3-.
The content of the oligomer glycerin-alkylsulfates and (or) alkylsulfonates surfactant may be between about 40 wt.% and 100 wt.%, about 45 wt.% and 100 wt.%, about 50 wt.% and 100 wt.%, about 70 wt.% and 100 wt.% by weight of glycerol-alkylsulfates and (or) alkylsulfonates surfactant. As used in this application,the content of oligomer" refers to the amount of glycerol oligomers-alkylsulfates and (or) alkylsulfonates surfactant, such as dimers, trimers, quatemary and more (heptamer)present in the glycerol-alkylsulfates and (or) alkylsulfonates surfactant. More specifically, as shown below in Table 1, the invention non-limiting examples of the content of the oligomer glycerin-alkylsulfonates surfactants show a mass percentage of the present oligomers and minimizing the content of the monomer glycerol-alkylsulfonates surfactant. Glycerin-alkylsulfonate optional surfactant is present in amount of at least 10%, more preferably from 10% to 40%, and most preferably from 10% to 30% by weight of the composition.
Optional component used in the liquid detergent compositions of the present invention, are diallylmalonate. Dialkilsuljfoksidih can be a branched or non-branched C6-15dialkilsuljfoksidih. Alkyl groups may be symmetrical (i.e. alkyl groups are the same) or asymmetric (i.e. alkyl groups are different). Preferably, the alkyl group is symmetric. Diallylmalonate may be present in the liquid detergent composition in an amount of from about 0.5% to about 10% by weight of the composition.
In the presence in the composition of the nonionic surfactant is present in an effective amount, more than predpochtitelno from 0.1% to 20% by weight of the liquid detergent composition. Suitable nonionic surfactants include condensation products of aliphatic alcohol-1-25 moles of ethylene oxide. The alkyl chain of the aliphatic alcohol may be or unbranched, or branched, primary or secondary, and generally contains from 8 to 22 carbon atoms. Particularly preferred are the condensation products of alcohols having an alkyl group containing from 10 to 20 carbon atoms, with 2-18 by moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. Also are suitable alkylpolyglycoside having the formula, R2O(CnH2nO)t(glycosyl)x(formula III), where R2formula (III) selected from the group consisting of alkyl, alkylphenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkyloxy and mixtures thereof, where the alkyl groups contain from 10 to 18, preferably from 12 to 14 carbon atoms; n in the formula (III) is 2 or 3, preferably 2; t in the formula (III) is from 0 to 10, preferably 0; and x in the formula (III) is from 1.3 to 10, preferably from 1.3 to 3, most preferably from 1.3 to 2.7. Glycosyl is preferably derived from glucose.
Suitable are surfactants based on fatty acid amides having the formula (IV):
where R6in the formula (IV) is an alkyl group containing from 7 to 21, preferably from 9 to 17 carbon atoms, and each R7in the form of the uly (IV) is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C4of alkyl, C1-C4hydroxyalkyl and -(C2H4O)xN, where x varies from 1 to 3. Preferred inorganic salts are8-C20amides of ammonia, monoethanolamine, diethanolamine and isopropanolamide.
If the composition cationogenic surfactant is present in an effective amount, more preferably from 0.1% to 20% by weight of the liquid detergent composition. Suitable cationogenic surfactants are surfactants based on Quaternary ammonium compounds. Suitable surfactants based on Quaternary ammonium compounds are selected from the group consisting of mono-C6-C16preferably6-C10N-alkyl - or alkenyl-ammonium surfactants, where the remaining position N substituted methyl, hydroxyethylene or hydroxypropionate groups. Other preferred cationogenic surfactant is6-C18is an alkyl or alkanniny ester Quaternary ammonium alcohol, for example chloride Quaternary esters. More preferably, cationogenic surfactants have the formula (V):
where in the formula (V) R1 represents a C8-C18hydrocarbon and mixtures thereof, preferably C8-14alkyl, more preferably C8With10or12-alkyl, and X in the formula (V) represents an anion, preferably chlorine is ID or bromide.
Liquid cleaning compositions of the present invention may contain aminoxide surfactants (surfactant) in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 15% by weight of detergent composition. Aminoxide may contain unbranched or srednerazmernye alkyl group.
Nonbranched aminoxide, when optionally used, include water-soluble aminoxide containing a single C8-18alkyl group and 2 groups selected from C1-3alkyl groups and C1-3hydroxyalkyl groups; water-soluble phosphine oxides containing one10-18alkyl group and 2 groups selected from the group consisting of C1-3alkyl groups and C1-3hydroxyalkyl groups; and water-soluble sulfoxidov containing one10-18alkyl group and a group selected from the range of C1-3alkyl and C1-3hydroxyalkyl groups.
Preferred aminoxide surfactants have the formula (VI):
where R3in the formula (VI) is non-branched C8-22the alkyl, unbranched C8-22hydroxyalkyl, C8-22alkylphenyl group and mixtures thereof; R4in the formula (VI) is a C2-3alkylene, or C2-3hydroxyalkylated, or mixtures thereof; x is from 0 to about 3; and each of R5fo the mule (VI) represents a C 1-3alkyl or C1-3hydroxyalkyl group, or polietilenoksidnoy group containing an average of from about 1 to about 3 ethylenoxide links. Group R5in the formula (VI) can be connected to each other through, for example, a nitrogen atom or oxygen, forming a cyclic structure.
In particular, unbranched aminoxide surfactants may include unbranched10-C18alkyldimethylammonium and non-branched C8-C12alkoxyethyl-dihydroxyethylene. Preferred aminoxide include unbranched10, non-branched C10-C12and unbranched12-C14alkyldimethylammonium.
As used in the present invention, the term "srednerazmernyj" means that aminoxide has one alkyl group containing n1carbon atoms with one alkyl branch on the alkyl group, with n2. Such alkyl branch is located at the carbon atom in α-position relative to the nitrogen atom alkyl groups. This type of branching of aminoxide also known to the expert as "internal aminoxide". The total amount of n1and n2is from 10 to 24 carbon atoms, preferably from 12 to 20, and more preferably from 10 to 16. The number of carbon atoms in one alkyl group(n 1) should be approximately equal to the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl branch (n2), so that the alkyl group and the alkyl branch were symmetric. As used in this application under "symmetric" means that |n1-n2| less than or equal to 5, preferably 4, most preferably from 0 to 4 carbon atoms in at least 50 wt.%, more preferably at least 75 wt.% to 100 wt.% srednerazmernyh of aminoxide used in the present invention.
Aminoxide further contains two groups independently selected from C1-3alkyl, C1-3hydroxyalkyl groups, or polietilenoksidnoy group containing an average of from about 1 to about 3 ethylenoxide links. Preferably, these two groups selected from C1-3-alkyl, more preferably, both groups selected from C1-alkyl.
Other suitable non-limiting examples of amphoteric detergent surfactants, optional for the present invention include aminopropylation and derivatives of aliphatic or heterocyclic secondary and tertiary amines in which the aliphatic group may be linear or branched chain, and where one of the aliphatic substituents contains from 8 to 24 carbon atoms and at least one aliphatic replace the ü contains an anionic water-soluble group. Usually, if there is any present, ampholytic surfactants comprise from about 0.01 wt.% up to about 20 wt.%, preferably from about 0.5 wt.% up to about 10 wt.% by weight of the liquid detergent composition.
The optional presence of magnesium ions can be used in the detergent composition, when the composition is used in softened water containing several bivalent ions. When using magnesium ions are preferably added to the compositions of the present invention in the form of hydroxide, chloride, acetate, sulfate, formate, oxide or nitrate salt. Active content of magnesium ions, when used, is from 0.01% to 1.5%, preferably between 0.015% to 1%, more preferably from 0.025% to 0.5% by weight of the liquid detergent composition.
Optionally, the compositions of the present invention may contain a solvent. Suitable solvents include4-14-esters and diesters, glycol, alkoxysilane glycols, esters of C6-C16glycols, alkoxysilane aromatic alcohols, aromatic alcohols, aliphatic branched alcohols, alkoxysilane aliphatic branched alcohols, alkoxysilane non-branched C1-C5alcohols, non-branched C1-C5alcohols, amines, With8-C14alkyl and cycloalkylation and loginproperty, as well as their mixtures. If a solvent is present, the liquid washing composition may contain from about 0.01% to about 20%, preferably from about 0.5% to about 20%, more preferably from about 1% to about 10% solvent based on the weight of the liquid detergent composition. These solvents can be used in combination with the aqueous liquid carrier, for example water, or they can be used without any liquid medium is water-based.
Liquid detergent compositions according to the present invention can optionally contain an effective amount hydrotropes substance, so that these liquid detergent compositions suitable manner compatible with water. Suitable hydrotropes used in the present invention include anionic hydrotropes, in particular kumulantami sodium, potassium and ammonium, toluensulfonate sodium, potassium and ammonium, cellsurface sodium, potassium and ammonium, and mixtures thereof, and related compounds, as disclosed in U.S. patent No. 3.915.903. Liquid cleaning compositions of the present invention usually contain from 0% to 15 wt.% hydrotropes component or mixtures thereof, based on the weight of the detergent composition; preferably from 1% to 10%, most preferably from 3 wt.% up to 6 wt.%.
Composition and the present invention can optionally contain a polymeric foam stabilizer. Such polymer prestabilization provide increased volume and foam stability of these compositions. Such polymer prestabilization can be selected from homopolymers (N,N - dialkylamino)alkyl esters and (N,N-dialkylamino)alkylacrylate esters. The weighted average molecular weight of the polymer amplifiers foaming determined by conventional gel permeation chromatography, ranges from 1000 up to 2,000,000, preferably from 5000 up to 1,000,000, more preferably from 10,000 up to 750,000, more preferably 20,000 to 500,000, even more preferably of 35,000 to 200,000. Polymer prestabilization can optionally be in the form of salts, organic or inorganic, such as citrate, sulfate or nitrate (N,N-dimethylamino)alkylacrylate ether.
One preferred polymer prestabilization is (N,N-dimethylamino)alkylacrylate ether, namely acrylate ester represented by the following formula (VII):
Polymer amplifier foaming when it is present in the present compositions may be present in an amount of from 0.01% to 15%, preferably from 0.05% to 10%, more preferably from 0.1% to 5% by weight of the liquid detergent composition.
Another optional component of the compositions of the present invention is a diamine. On the Kolka practice users of liquid detergent compositions allows for considerable variation, these compositions will preferably contain 0-15%, preferably from 0.1% to 15%, preferably from 0.2% to 10%, more preferably from 0.25% to 6%, more preferably from 0.5% to 1.5% of at least one diamine based on the weight of the composition. Preferred organic diamines are those who have DC1 and PK2 in the range between 8.0 to 11.5, preferably in the range of 8.4 to 11, even more preferably from 8.6 to 10.75. Preferred materials include 1,3-bis(methylamine)cyclohexane (pKa=10-10,5), 1,3-propandiamine (DC1=10,5; PK2=8,8), 1,6-hexanediamine (DC1=11; PK2=10), 1,3-pentanediamine DYTEK EP®(DC1=10,5; PK2=8,9), 2-methyl-1,5-pentanediamine DYTEK AND®(DC1=11,2; PK2=10,0). Other preferred materials include primary/primary diamines with alkionovymi the spacers from C4to C8. In General, it is believed that the primary diamines are preferred compared to the secondary and tertiary diamines.
The definition of the RoK 1 and PK2
As used in this application, "pKa1" and "RCA are quantitative expressions known from the prior art RCA. In the framework of this proposal, the RCA is used in the same sense, conventional for a person skilled in the field of chemistry. Here values can be taken from the literature, for example from "Critical stability constants: volume 2, amines Smith and Vartel, Plenium Press, NY and London, 1975. Additional is passed information about the RCA can be obtained from the relevant literature, for example of the related information from Dupont®supplier diamines. As a working example of this application rka diamines determine in a fully aqueous solution at 25°C and ionic strength between 0.1 and 0.5 M
Liquid cleaning compositions of the present invention may contain a branched or unbranched carboxylic acid or its salt to improve the sense of taste. The presence of anionic surfactants, in particular in large quantities in the region of 15-35 wt.%, leads to make the composition of the slippery sensation to the user's hands and utensils. This slippery sensation is reduced when using carboxylic acids, that is, the sense of taste is dulled.
Carboxylic acids suitable for this invention include C1-6linear or containing at least 3 carbon atom of the cyclic acid. Linear or cyclic carbon chain carboxylic acid or a salt thereof may be substituted by a group selected from the group consisting of hydroxyl, ether complex, a simple ester, aliphatic groups, having from 1 to 6, more preferably from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and mixtures thereof.
Preferred carboxylic acids are selected from the group consisting of salicylic acid, maleic acid, acetylsalicylic acid is, 3-methylsalicylic acid, 4-hydroxyisophthalic acid, dihydroxyfumaric acid, 1,2,4-benzotriazoles acid, pentanol acids and their layer and mixes. If the carboxylic acid is present in the form of its salt, the cation of the specified salt is selected from among alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, monoethanolamine, diethanolamine or triethanolamine, and mixtures thereof.
In the presence of carboxylic acid or its salts, they are preferably at a level from 0.1% to 5%, more preferably from 0.2% to 1%, and most preferably from 0.25% to 0.5%.
Preferably, the liquid detergent compositions of the present invention have the form of pure liquid compounds. Under "pure" refers to a transparent and stable. In order to achieve purity compositions, use of solvents and hydrotropes, as is known to the expert in the field of household liquid compositions for washing dishes. In accordance with the present invention it is preferable that the liquid detergent compositions were pure single-phase liquids, however, the invention also covers clean and opaque products containing dispersed phase, such as pellets or granules, as shown in U.S. patent No. 5.866.529 name Erilli et al. and in U.S. patent No. 6.380.150 in the name of Toussaint et al., provided that such products are physically stable (i.e., not separated) when stored at the I.
Liquid cleaning compositions of the present invention can be packaged in any suitable packaging for delivery of the composition to the user. Preferably, the packaging is a transparent container made of glass or plastic.
Other optional components
Detergent compositions according to this invention can optionally contain a variety of other optional ingredients suitable for use in liquid detergent compositions such as perfume, dyes, providing opacity agents, enzymes, chelating agents, thickeners and buffers pH, which suggests that the composition of the present invention typically have a pH of from 4 to 14, preferably from 6 to 13, most preferably from 6 to 10. Additional discussion of acceptable optional components used in household detergent compositions, may be found in U.S. patent No. 5.798.505.
Method of use
In the method according to the present invention dirty dishes are put in contact with an effective amount, typically from about 0.5 ml to about 20 ml (per 25 washed plates), preferably from about 3 ml to about 10 ml of the liquid detergent composition of the present invention dissolved in water. The actual number used liquid detergent composition will depend on the user and the AK rule, depends on such factors as the particular composition of the product, including the concentration of active ingredients in the composition, the amount of soiled dishes to be applied, the degree of contamination of utensils, etc. Specific composition of the product, in turn, depends on a number of factors, such as the target market (i.e. USA, Europe, Japan etc) consumption of the product. Examples of suitable compositions are given below in Table 1.
Usually from about 0.01 ml to about 150 ml, preferably from about 3 ml to about 40 ml of liquid detergent compositions are mixed in the sink, which amounts to from about 1000 ml to about 20000 ml, preferably from about 5000 ml to about 15000 ml, from about 2000-20000 ml of water, generally from about 5000 ml to about 15000 ml of water. Dirty dishes are immersed in a sink containing the diluted composition, where the lead into contact with the soiled surface of the dish with a cloth, sponge or similar cleaning product. Rag, sponge, or similar article may be immersed in a mixture of water and detergent compositions before they come into contact with the surface of the ware, which usually lasts from about 1 to about 10 seconds, although the actual time may vary depending on user and application. Contacts cloth, sponge or similar products with the surface of the tableware preferably is accompanied by a simultaneous ofiranian dishes.
Another method of use is to contain the immersion soiled dishes in a water bath or extract under a stream of flowing water without any detergent. Device for collecting liquid composition for washing dishes, such as sponge, is located directly in undiluted portion of the composition for washing dishes during the period of time, usually from about 1 to about 5 seconds. Absorbing device is normally in contact with each surface of the ware during the period of time from about 1 to about 10 seconds, although the actual time will depend on such factors as the degree of contamination of utensils. Contacting the absorbing device with the surface of the ware is preferably accompanied by a simultaneous ofiranian.
The testing methods
The method of determining the viscosity
The viscosity of the composition of the present invention is determined on viscosimetry of Brookfield (model #LVD VII+) at 20°C. For measurement of products with different viscosity is used, the spindle S31 with the appropriate speed; for example, a product with a viscosity greater than 1000 SP measured at 12 rpm 30 rpm used to measure viscosities of from 500 SP, 1000 SP: at 60 rpm measured viscosity less than 500 CP.
|The compositions of liquid, household composition for washing dishes|
|Alkoxycarbonyl polyethylenimine polymer4||0,1||0,5||1||2|
|Amplifying the foaming polymer6||0,1||0,1||0,1||0.1|
1:12-13-ethoxyethylacetate, with an average of 0.6 taksigrup.
2: Nonionic substance may be ethoxylated surfactant containing11is alkyl containing 9 taksigrup.
3: Poly(oksietilenom-oxypropylene-oksietilenom), three-block copolymer of the ABA type (for example, PLURONIC L81® or PLURONIC L43®).
4: Such as in examples 1-4.
5: 1,3-YOU is a 1,3-bis(methylamino)cyclohexane.
6. The homopolymer (N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl and methacrylate.
Although the present invention and shown in a specific variants of its implementation, for the person skilled in the art it is obvious that various changes and modifications of the present invention without departing from its scope and the uti. Thus, the following claims include all such modifications and changes are included in the scope of the present invention.
1. Liquid washing composition containing:
(a) from 0.1 to 10 wt.% alkoxysilanes polyethylenimine polymer containing polyethylenimine main chain with an average molecular weight of from 400 to 10,000, with alkoxycarbonyl polyethylenimine polymer contains:
(1) one or two modifications alkoxysilane on the nitrogen atom by polyoxyalkylene chain having an average of from 1 to 30 alkoxide groups to modify, at this end alkoxygroup modification alkoxysilane ends of a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4the alkyl or mixtures thereof;
(2) substitution of one C1-C4alkyl groups and one or two modifications alkoxysilane on the nitrogen atom polyalkyleneglycol chain having an average of from 1 to 40 alkoxygroup modification, with end alkoxygroup ends of hydrogen, C1-C4the alkyl or mixtures thereof; or
(3) a combination thereof; and
(b) from 5 to 40 wt.% sulphate or sulphonate surfactant;
(c) from 30 to 80% aqueous liquid carrier based on the weight of the composition.
2. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains from 30 to 80% aqueous liquid carrier based on the weight of the composition.
3. LM is Kai washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the sulphate or sulphonate surfactant selected from an unbranched alkyl sulphonates, fatty alkyl sulphates, alkoxycarbonyl of alkyl sulphates and mixtures thereof.
4. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, in which modification alkoxysilane choose from ethoxy (EO), 1,2-propoxy (1,2-RO), 1,3-propoxy (1,3-RO), butoxy (IN) and their combinations.
5. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the modification alkoxysilane selected from taksigrup and block ethoxy/propoxylate.
6. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the modification alkoxysilane represent blocks of ethoxy/propoxylate, with medium amoxilonline from 5 to 15 and the average degree of propoxycarbonyl from 1 to 16.
7. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it further contains from 0.1 to 15% aminoxide based on the weight of the detergent composition.
8. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it additionally contains from about 2 to 5% of a branched or unbranched6-C14- diallylmalonate based on the weight of the composition.
9. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises from about 0.1 to 20% anionic surfactant, cationogenic surfactant or a mixture based on the weight of the liquid detergent composition.
10. Liquid washing composition according to claim 9, about the tives such as those what nonionic surfactant selected from the group of C8-C22aliphatic alcohols with 1-25 mol of ethylene oxide, alkylpolyglycoside, surfactants based on fatty acid amides, and mixtures thereof.
11. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it further contains from 0.01 to 20% solvent based on the weight of the liquid detergent composition and from 0 to 15% of hydrotropes based on the weight of the liquid detergent composition.
12. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it further contains 0.01 to 4 wt.% magnesium ions, from 0.1 to 15 wt.% diamine or mixtures thereof.
13. Liquid washing composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises from 0.01 to 15 wt.% polymeric amplifier foaming, polymer prestabilization or mixtures thereof.
14. Method washing up liquid detergent composition according to claim 1, in which from 0.01 to 150 ml of the indicated detergent composition is dissolved in 2000-20000 ml of water and the dishes are immersed in the thus obtained diluted composition and washed by contacting contaminated surfaces of dishes with a rag, sponge or similar product.
15. The method of washing, in which the dishes are immersed in a water bath or stand under a stream of flowing water, and an effective amount of the liquid detergent composition according to claim 1 is applied to the device and the device with the applied detergent composition is injected separately into contact with kardasis contaminated surfaces of utensils.
SUBSTANCE: invention describes fabric softening compositions containing approximately from 0.01 to 50% cationic or nonionic softening compound; approximately from 0.01 to 5% fragrance component; and at least 0.001 wt % polymer material capable of holding ingredients of a volatile fragrance component, containing: at least approximately 0.001 wt % cross-linked polymer containing at least one vinyl monomer; and approximately from 5000 to 100000 ppm divinyl cross-linking agent. Also disclosed is a fabric softening method which involves bringing fabric into contact with the composition of a fabric softening agent in an effective amount, where contact takes place by sprinkling, rubbing or rinsing.
EFFECT: improved composition properties.
26 cl, 5 ex, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: aqueous composition has pH equal to or less than 3, and contains the following ingredients (per total weight of the composition) : a) 0.05-20 wt % polymer thickener containing 20-100000 monomer links and an average of at least 0.8-COOR groups per monomer link, where for each separate -COOR group, R is independently selected from H, OH, and a carbon-containing group, b) 0.05-30 wt % hydrogen peroxide in terms of H2O2, c) 0.5-60 wt % one or more aliphatic carboxylic acids containing 1-8 carbon atoms, their alkyl esters, anhydrides and/or peroxy acids. Content of active oxygen, which is ensured by presence of ingredients a) and c) is equal to at least 0.02 wt % (per total weight of the composition).
EFFECT: obtaining a stable aqueous composition with low pH for cleaning different surfaces and for bleaching textile materials or paper.
15 cl, 10 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: mother-of-pearl liquid composition for treatment during laundry contains a fabric care agent selected from a group consisting of silicone derivatives, fatty sugar derivatives, dispersed polyolefins, polymer latex, cationic surfactants and mixtures thereof, a mother-of-pearl agent having D0.99 volumetric particle size less than 50 mcm, as well as a precipitation-enhancing agent selected from cationic ethers of cellulose and copolymers.
EFFECT: improved stability and appearance.
9 cl, 25 ex, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention describes a detergent composition containing a bacterial alkaline enzyme which exhibits endo-beta-1,4-glucanase activity and an ethoxylated copolymer which is: 1) a statistically grafted copolymer having a hydrophilic backbone chain and hydrophobic side chains, 2) a modified polyethylene imine copolymer, 3) modified polyaminoamide, 4) non-hydrophobically modified acrylic/polyester comb-like branched copolymer, 5) mixtures thereof, and auxiliary materials. The invention also discloses a method of cleaning and/or treating a surface or fabric, involving a step for bringing the surface or fabric into contact with the described composition and optional washing and/or rinsing of the surface or fabric.
EFFECT: invention widens the range of detergents.
23 cl, 2 tbl, 16 ex
SUBSTANCE: detergent for removing organic contaminants from surfaces contains the following, wt %: sodium metasilicate (Na2SiO3) 15-20, sodium tripolyphosphate (Na5P3O10) 10-15, caustic soda (NaOH) 10-15, calcined soda (Na2CO3) 25-30, Na-carboxymethylcellulose 2, neonol AF9-12 2-5, catamin 2, sodium sulphate (Na2SO4) up to 100.
EFFECT: detergent with a complex of physical and chemical properties with low content of phosphates and low risk of environmental pollution while preserving detergent power.
SUBSTANCE: water-based liquid detergent composition contains 0.05-0.4 wt % cationic hydroxyethyl cellulose polymer with degree of substitution of the cationic charge between 0.01 and 0.20; 5-30 wt % surfactant containing at least one anionic surfactant and at least nonionic surfactant; and 2-15 wt % fatty acid. Liquid detergent compositions are used for hand and machine washing of thin fabrics, wherein machine washing is carried out using "careful" washing mode.
EFFECT: improved fabric softening.
2 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: detergent composition contains a surfactant, a temporary colorant and active mother-of-pearl agents, in which: the temporary colorant has colouring efficiency equal to at least 10 and has rinsability index between approximately 30% and approximately 85%; difference between refraction indices of the mother-of-pearl agent and the composition of at least 0.2; the active mother-of-pearl agents have D0.99 less than 40 mcm and is in concentration of 0.01-0.2% of the weight of the composition. The composition contains a rheology modifier selected from modifiers which endow with fluidisation capability when a shear load is applied to the aqueous liquid composition such that the composition has viscosity at high shear load at 20 s-1 and 21°C between 1 and 1500 cP and viscosity at low shear load at 0.05 s-1 and 21°C higher than 5000 cP.
EFFECT: high stability during storage.
19 cl, 14 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for laundry, cleaning solid surfaces and washing dishes. The composition contains a surface-active system and an amphiphilic graft polymer based on water-soluble polyalkylene oxides (A) which are the base of graft polymers, as well as side chains formed from polymerisation of a vinyl ester (B). The graft polymer has ≤1 branching places on 50 alkylene oxide fragments and is characterised by average molar mass Mw between 3000 and 100000.
EFFECT: high efficiency of removing hydrophobic contaminants from textile articles and solid surfaces.
12 cl, 11 ex, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hair conditioning and fabric softening aqueous compositions which contain an effective amount of an oligomeric amidoamine and water, wherein the oligomeric amidoamine contains a reaction product (A), (B) and (C), where (A) is alkylene polyamine having formula: , where R1, R2, and R3 independently denote H or -R5-N(R4)2, where not all of R1, R2 and R3 denote H; R4 denotes H or -R5-N(R8)2; R8 independently denotes H or R5; and R5 denotes (i) a C1-C23 alkylene or alkenyl group which is optionally substituted or branched; or (ii) an aryl group; (B) is a dicarboxylic acid or reactive derivative of such an acid, having formula HOOC-R5-COOH, where R5 is as defined above; and (C) is (i) a fatty acid having formula R6-COOH, where R6 denotes a straight or branched C6-C23 alkyl or alkenyl group; and/or (ii) alkyl ether or fatty glyceride (i), a salt of oligomeric amidoamine and/or oligomeric amido-quaternary oligomeric amidoamine. The invention also relates to fabric softening and hair conditioning methods, involving contact between hair and fabric and a sufficient amount of said compositions.
EFFECT: increase in aligometic amidoamine and its quaternary compounds while preserving softening efficiency and capacity to retain light or transparent or semitransparent compositions.
24 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: cleaning composition contains an acrylate polymer, alkoxylated methylglucoside polyol in amount of approximately 0.05-4% of the total weight of the cleaning composition, at least one surfactant selected from anionic surfactants and amphoteric surfactants and water. The invention also describes a cleaning composition containing: a) approximately 3-25% anionic surfactant; b) approximately 0.05-15% amphoteric surfactant; c) approximately 0.1-12% acrylate copolymer; d) approximately 0.05-6% alkoxylated methylglucoside polyol; e) approximately 0.01-5% basic neutralising reagent and e) water. The preferred alkoxylated methylglucoside polyols are selected from ethyoxylated and/or propoxylated methylglucoside polyols. The invention also describes a method of preparing cleaning compositions.
EFFECT: improved foam formation and rheological properties.
19 cl, 7 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: textile conditioning agents contain 0.01 to 35% cationic softeners and at least 0.001% specific polymeric thickener, which is prepared by polymerization of 5 to 100 mol % vinyl-addition cationic monomer, 0 to 95 mol % acrylamide, and 70 to 300 ppm cross-linking agent based vinyl-addition bifunctional monomer. When compared to similar compositions containing analogous product obtained via polymerization but utilizing 5 to 45 ppm of cross-linking agent, considerable advantages are achieved.
EFFECT: facilitated transport of odorant contained in softener composition to textiles.
20 cl, 17 dwg, 11 ex
FIELD: metallurgy industry; mechanical engineering; motor-car industry; other industries; production of the washing agent for purification of the metallic surfaces.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to removal of the fatty and muddy pollutions, rust-preventing lubricants, the stuck metal particles, dust and may be used in metallurgy industry, mechanical engineering, motor-car industry and other industries. Substance: the washing agent contains the sodium hydroxide, the sodium carbonate, sodium metasilicate, sodium tripolyphosphate, oxyethylated monononylphenol on the basis of trimers of propylene with 9-12 moles of ethylene oxide and the flocculant in amount of 0.1-2.0 mass %. The flocculant represents the polymer prop-2-eneamide with N,N,N-trimethyl-3-[(1-oxo-2-propeneamino)-propaneamine chloride]. The technical result of the invention is reduction of the washing duration in 2-2.66 times and the increased total operation time of the washing solution in 1.66-3.4 times.
EFFECT: the invention ensures reduction of the washing duration in about 2-3 times and the increased total operation life of the washing solution in about 2-3 times.
1 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: household chemical goods.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solid molded detergent compositions for cleaning hard surfaces, washing of textiles, or for personal hygiene. Cleaning agent contains 5 to 95% active detergent, 0 to 90% inorganic substance particles or other common ingredients, and at least 5% water. Outside surface of cleaning agent is covered by at least one polymer film formed by radiation hardening of polymer composition capable of being hardened under irradiation.
EFFECT: improved strength characteristics and imparted preservation of shape and integrity of cleaner lumps on prolonged contact with water.
22 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: chemistry of polymers.
SUBSTANCE: invention describes a composition for using as a conditioner and comprising water and at least one cationic polygalactomannan or derivative of cationic polygalactomannan. A lower limit of average molecular mass of these cationic substances is 5000 Da and the upper limit is 200000 Da, transparency value of 10% aqueous solution is above 80% at wavelength 600 nm. The protein content is less 1.0% as measured for polysaccharide mass and the content of aldehyde groups is at least 0.01 ml-eqiv./g. Residue for modification of cationic derivative of polygalactomannan is chosen from group comprising alkyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkylhydroxyalkyl and carboxymethyl wherein alkyl comprises in chain from 1 to 22 carbon atoms, Hydroxyalkyl is chosen from group comprising hydroxyethyl, hydroxypropyl and hydroxybutyl, and cation residue is chosen from compounds of quaternary ammonium but with exception of hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride. Proposed compositions are used for preparing a clear final product, for example, for personal hygiene agent and household chemistry agent.
EFFECT: improved preparing method, improved and valuable properties of composition.
55 cl, 11 tbl, 14 ex
SUBSTANCE: composition, which contains one or several surface active substances (5-95 wt.%), 40 wt.% or more of all surface active substances being non-ionic, and one or several water-swellable polymers, which absorb water in amount exceeding their own weight (5-95 wt.%), is suggested. Weight ratio of surface active substances to water-swellable polymers is within 1:0.4 to 0.4:1. Water-swellable polymer is selected from the following compounds: polyacrylic acids, polyacrylates, cross-linked acrylates, guar gum and derivatives thereof, starch acrylic grafted copolymers, hydrolysates of starch acrylic grafted copolymers, cross-linked polyoxyethylene, cross-linked carboxymethyl cellulose, partially cross-linked water-swellable polymers, such as polyethylenoxide and polyacrylamide, isobutylene/maleic acid copolymers.
EFFECT: concentrates composition can be converted to an easy-to-use product by adding water prior to use.
15 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: detergent contains the components as follows, wt %: anionic surface active agent (SAG) - alkylbenzol sodium sulphonate 10-16; nonionic SAG - oxyethylated fatty alcohols or oxyethylated alkylphenol 2-5; sodium tripolyphosphate 15-25; organophosphonate compound - sodium salt 1-hydroxyethylidene of phosphonic acid or sodium diethylentriaminopentaxys-(methylene phosphonate) 0.2-0.6; polycarboxylate 0.5-1.5; carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.6; modified polyalkylene glycol 0.2-0.6; optical bleaching agent 0.05-0.3; soda ash 3-6; liquid glass 3.5-6.0; enzyme 0.4-0.7; defoaming agent 0.05-1.5; aromatiser 0.15-0.3; sodium sulphate and water to 100.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of bleaching detergent, all type decontamination with additional softening of fabric and without irritation of hand skin during manual washing, lower temperature modes of washing, reduced damage effect on metal parts of washing machines.
10 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: detergent contains, wt %: sodium alkylbenzolsulphonate 5-10, synthanol ALM-7 1-2, polyethylene glycol 1-2, trisodphium phosphate 4-16, caustic soda 1-2, and water - the rest.
EFFECT: higher detergent power in solid surface cleaning.
2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: first, waterproof layer of absorbing tissue is placed on victim's body surface under blood-stained section of clothes, then the section is continuously flushed and rubbed with a sponge soaked in aqueous flushing fluid with pH over 7.0 and hypoosmolarity under 140 milliosmol per litre of water at +26 to +42°C till the stain changes colour from red to yellow. Afterwards the tissue is replaced with a new one, stained clothe sector is soaked for up to 2 seconds in bleach fluid with pH over 7.0, and is soaked twice in 2 seconds by sponge with flushing fluid. Further the tissue is removed, wet fabric is dried by drying tissues and warm dry air flow.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency, safety and expediency of stain removal.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cosmetology and is represented by a cleansing compound consisting from approximately 2.6% to approximately 3% (weight) of an aqueous emulsion of an acrylate copolymer, from approximately 7.7% to approximately 10.2% (weight) of an anionic surfactant and from approximately 1.4% to approximately 1.7% (weight) of an amphoteric surfactant, an effective quantity of balls of shea butter and seeds, the diametre of each ball varying within the range from 100 to 1200 micron; and additional ingredients required to bring the compound composition to 100%.
EFFECT: invention enables improvement of cleansing properties, is characterised by high translucency and improved stability.
15 cl, 3 ex, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: detergent composition for hand washing linen contains a polymer in which 90 wt % or more of monomer units consists ethylene oxide. The polymer has average molecular weight ranging from 1500000 or more to 4500000 or less and is contained in amount ranging from over 0.03 wt % to 5 wt % of the detergent composition. The composition also contains 10-40 wt % alkyl benzene sulphonate and 7-40 wt % alkalising agent.
EFFECT: improved smoothness when washing with mechanical friction.
11 cl, 1 tbl, 6 ex