Device for obtaining electric energy from sea waves
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: device for obtaining electric energy from sea waves includes vessel hull, several longitudinal channels 2 at vessel hull, hydraulic turbine generators 14, electric accumulators, electric actuator 12 with screw propeller 13. Longitudinal channels 2 are slanted towards vessel aft. Lower edge of inlet nose hole 4 of channel 2 is arranged at level of average seal water level value. In longitudinal channel 2 there installed is circular cylinder with vertical axis with possibility of its being flown along the outline with sea water flow, in the cavity of which there provided are pipelines interconnected with each other and with longitudinal channel. Hydraulic turbine generators 14 are installed on pipeline which is transverse to longitudinal channel.
EFFECT: obtaining electric energy used immediately at production site for electric actuator of vessel screw propeller.
3 cl, 6 dwg
Device for generating electrical energy from sea waves relates to the field of marine engineering and is intended for converting sea wave energy into electrical energy.
There is a method of energy conversion pitching floating vessel (RU, patent No. 2046994 C1, F03 13/12, 13/22, 1980) by using the energy of the fluid during rolling through hydraulic turbines installed in pairs of conduits connecting the opposite compartments onboard tanks to increase capacity, the tank is placed outside the boards, and hydraulic turbine sets at the end of the conduits at opposite sides.
The disadvantages are the counterpart: the bulky hull with regard to on-Board tanks; konopielka the design of the connection of all hydro one Board one shaft with kardannyy couplings; indirect use of the energy of the waves.
Closest to the proposed invention is an underwater vessel (RU, patent No. 2095276 C1, 63G 8/00, 8/22, 1997), comprising a housing, inside of which in the longitudinal plane below the waterline posted at least one pipe with a through channel in the middle part which has a water turbine (turbine) to provide movement of the vessel associated with the power plant, and because the tube is cylindrical cross-section, and forward the aft parts are mounted shutters hermetic overlap of the channel pipe, and the vessel is equipped with means for removing water from a pipe with closed shutters to create a vessel of positive buoyancy.
The disadvantage of the prototype is the lack of devices for renewable electric energy for propulsion of the water turbine.
The invention aims to remedy these disadvantages, the obtained electric energy is used directly at the point of production for electric drive ship propeller. The hydrogenerator works not only from the pressure of the waves, but also from the vacuum in the inlet channel, which podsushivaet fluid accelerates the flow and increase efficiency.
This task is solved by a device for generating electrical energy from sea waves, comprising a hull, a number of longitudinal channels in the bottom of the hull, generators, electric batteries, electric drive with a propeller screw, according to the invention, the longitudinal channels are made with a bias towards the stern of the vessel, with the lower edge of the input nasal opening of the channel is placed at the level of the average water level in the sea, in the longitudinal channel has a circular cylinder with a vertical axis with the possibility of wrapping outline the flow of sea water in the cavity is made, interconnected longitudinal and the channel, pipelines, generators mounted on transverse to the longitudinal channel of the pipeline. In addition, the external lateral surface of a circular cylinder can be made of copper-Nickel alloy. In addition, the device can be equipped with a system of ropes and anchors.
Device for generating electrical energy from sea waves is illustrated by drawings: figure 1 shows the device; figure 2 is a section along a-a in figure 1; figure 3 is a section along B-B in figure 1 and figure 5; figure 4 is a section along b-b In figure 3; figure 5 shows a variant of the device; figure 6 is a section along G-g of figure 5.
Device for generating electrical energy from sea waves includes: a hull 1, a number of longitudinal channels 2 with a bias towards the stern of the vessel for the passage of sea water, the direction of which is indicated by an arrow 3. The inlet 4 of the longitudinal channel is placed in the bow of the vessel, with its lower edge placed at the level of the average water level in the sea, and the hole 5 in the aft part of the ship. In the cavity of the longitudinal bearer is set with fastening to the floor and ceiling, a circular cylinder 6 with a vertical axis and flow paths of the flow of sea water. In the cavity of a circular cylinder placed, interconnected and longitudinal channel 7 longitudinal and transverse 8 pipelines, and the input re the participation of the longitudinal pipe placed with a front 9 and rear 10 parties, and outlet openings 11 of the transverse pipe from the sides of a circular cylinder. The actuator 12 of the propeller 13 is placed in the aft part of the ship. The generators 14 are placed on the transverse pipes of a circular cylinder. The device is equipped with a system of ropes 15 and anchors 16 (figure 5 and 6).
A device for obtaining electrical energy from sea waves is based on theory of flow past a circular cylinder the real fluid flow. It is known that the pressure along the contour of a circular cylinder, the streamlined flow, the axis of which is installed in the vertical plane, are not evenly distributed. With the frontal side 9 of a circular cylinder static pressure is equal to the total pressure
where R0- atmospheric pressure, V is the velocity of the flow stream with the frontal side of the cylinder. In point 11 of the output flow is at the maximum negative pressure. This compressed section is at the maximum flow rate. For the cylinder with the rear side 10 has a slight negative pressure, and is connected with the formation of reverse currents and eddies of the stream. Around the contour of a circular cylinder 6 sea water stream under positive pressure P1will flow into the inlet 9 and 10 of the longitudinal pipe 7 and out of the outlet 11 pop the river line 8 in the zone with the maximum negative pressure (vacuum). Sea flow cross pipe 8 rotates the working body of the hydro generator 14, which generates electricity. To avoid fouling, the side surface of a circular cylinder 6 made of copper-Nickel alloy. The surplus electric power accumulated in the battery and used in the absence of the sea.
The device can operate as a stationary floating power plant with electricity consumers to the shore (figure 5 and 6). Its principle of operation described above.
The introduction of a device for obtaining electrical energy from sea waves will implement reliable and cost-effective way of producing electric energy. It should be noted the simplicity of the device and reliability of operation, including inspection, repair and replacement of equipment that is placed indoors and not exposed to the outside of a marine environment.
1. Device for generating electrical energy from sea waves, comprising a hull, a number of longitudinal channels in the bottom of the hull, generators, electric batteries, electric drive with a propeller screw, wherein the longitudinal channels are made with a bias towards the stern of the vessel, with the lower edge of the input nasal opening of the channel is placed at the level of the average water level is in the sea, in the longitudinal channel has a circular cylinder with a vertical axis with the possibility of wrapping outline the flow of sea water in the cavity is made of interconnected longitudinal channel pipelines, generators mounted on transverse to the longitudinal channel of the pipeline.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the outer lateral surface of a circular cylinder made of copper-Nickel alloy.
3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with a system of ropes and anchors.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: method for producing electric energy from sea currents involves sea water intake to pipeline 3 arranged in cavity of circular cylinder 1 with vertical axis, passage of sea water to working member of hydraulic generator 4, and water discharge from pipeline 3. Sea water intake to pipeline is performed in circuit 5 of circular cylinder 1 at leakage point of approaching flow. Sea water discharge from pipeline 3 is performed at point 6 in circuit of circular cylinder 1, which is located in the gap between two adjacent circular cylinders 1.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of energy extraction from sea currents and improved operating conditions.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: device represents hydraulic-wave stock-type core electric generator which includes floating housing (1) made so that it retains its constant position relative to vertical line at any rise and fall of water; vertical pin (2) fixed on housing; float (3) arranged on pin with possibility of back-and-forth movement along the pin; vertical stock (4) attached to the float with magnet (5) fixed inside the stock; limit stop (6) installed near upper end of vertical pin to exclude the position when the float exceeds upper limit of the pin, core (7) attached to the limit stop and around the cross section of which there is winding (8).
EFFECT: providing effective generation of electric energy on waves of any length irrespective of the speed of vertical wave movement, high operating reliability of the device because component parts are not used in the design, absence of rotating parts and lubricating materials predicts improvement of environmental behaviour of the device, mobile floating housing allows transporting the device by water, device has storm resistant properties because horizontal waves freely pass through frame housing and flow about the floats of the device; the number of materials for manufacture of the device has been considerably reduced, which is essential for economic component of manufacture; besides, maintainability of the devices is achieved, which influences the cost reduction of the generated electric energy, namely at its being used on sites of industrial production of sea and coastal location.
21 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: device includes floating housing (1) maintaining its constant position relative to vertical plane at any rise and fall of waves, vertical rod (2) attached to housing with magnet (3) fixed inside the rod, float (4) arranged on rod with possibility of back-and-forth movement along the rod, core (5) attached to the float and around the cross section of which there is winding (b). Device is resistant to storm since horizontal waves freely pass through frame housing and flow around floats of the device; the quantity of materials for manufacture of the device is considerably decreased, which is essential for economic constituent of manufacture, besides the serviceability of the device is achieved, which influences on the reduction of cost of the received electric energy, namely at its being used at objects of commercial manufacture of sea and nearshore location.
EFFECT: providing effective generation of electric energy on waves of any length irrespective of speed of vertical wave movement; composite elements are not used in the design, and as a result, high operating reliability of the device is reached, absence of rotating parts and lubricating oils provides improvement of ecological characteristics of the device, and mobile floating housing allows transporting the device by water.
21 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device includes several cylindrical shell supports arranged on sea shelves, system of supply and drain pipelines, hydraulic generators. Cylindrical shell supports are installed in a row with clearance for water passage along line perpendicular to direction of tidal and ebb currents. Cavity of cylindrical shell support is divided along vertical line into several tiers, for instance into 2 and more, to locate pipelines and hydraulic generators. Supply pipeline passes perpendicularly along diagonal line, and drain pipeline - along diagonal line parallel to line of installation of cylindrical shell supports. At the same time ends of these pipelines communicate with sea, and hydraulic generators are arranged on drain pipelines.
EFFECT: reduced cost of generated electric energy, less operational problems and higher efficiency due to application of full tide and ebb cycle.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: oscillations of float through double-arm level via mechanical drive actuate rotor of power generator that generates electric current and is located in tight closed inner space of base fixed on bottom in coastal area. Additionally wave front is concentrated by means of guide platform fixed on concrete base. Beginning of platform is located at the level of water surface and to direct wave front to receiving platform, which, deviating under action of wave front impact and wave water weight, through mechanical drive, rotates rotor of electric generator, and as water flows down from it, it returns into initial position with the help of return-damping spring. Spring with its one end is connected to receiving platform, and the other end is fixed on concrete base.
EFFECT: environmentally safe power generation on the basis of sea waves energy application.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: electric current generator includes rotor and stator with common longitudinal axis located horizontally, the cores with coils and excitation system of which provide generation of electric current; at that, centre of mass of rotor or stator are eccentrically offset relative to longitudinal axis of their rotation, and for increasing the eccentricity on rotor or stator there fixed is additional weight, or there are slots and/or holes to which there can be introduced the material with unit weight which is bigger than that of the material enclosing it, or one or some part of coils and their cores are removed, or cores with coils are located axisymmetrically or in odd number which is more than 3. In order to provide the possibility of swinging of statically unbalanced rotors or stators, they shall be installed freely, and their paired rotor or stator is fixed on the floating device having the possibility of oscillations through angle ± α at movement of water waves and possibility of being turned along the normal to impact of waves owing to the shape of their housing or vertical finning. At that, generators can be installed in front rows or in rows one after the other, and in order to percept oscillations of floating device in mutually perpendicular directions, generators can be built perpendicularly in hollow tubular rotor of external generator the rotor or stator of which are statically unbalanced and have the possibility, owing to free suspension in direction to the centre of the Earth, of oscillatory movements relative to their paired rotors and stators fixed on floating device at influence of waves thereon. In order to provide the possibility of oscillations in three mutual planes the rotors and stators of generators can be installed on horizontal rotary platform installed on floating device and having the possibility of free rotation about their vertical axis. At that, on platform and surfaces of floating device, which are adjacent to it, there can be installed cores with coils and excitation system, which provide electric current generation. Rotors and stators can also be suspended to horizontal platform, including in several tiers.
EFFECT: providing reliable generation of electric current at free mutual offset of rotor and stator of generator with forces of gravity of the Earth.
29 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to marine hydraulic power engineering and can be used for construction of hydraulic power plant using the energy of breaking wave. Water lifting pump for marine surf wave hydraulic power plant includes pontoon-float 4 and hollow flattened cone 2 with lower wide intake and upper narrow supply part changing into vertical upward directed tube and which is rigidly connected to pontoon-float 4 with possibility of back-and-forth upward-downward movement under influence of breaking wave. Pump is equipped with the system of hollow flattened cones 2 with internal conicity of 0.025 to 0.01, which form common rigid construction and capacities 1 rigidly fixed and pre-filled with water, in each of which there lowered is movable cone 2 which is not connected rigidly to the housing of capacity 1 with possibility of water carry-over upward to the next adjacent above located capacity 1. In the first capacity 1 the upper edge is located at water level with possibility of being constantly filled with movement of breaking wave. Each of cones 1 is equipped with dividing check valve installed at the transition from cone 2 to the tube.
EFFECT: providing high operating efficiency.
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of renewable energy sources, particularly wave power and transformation of it into other kinds, principally, into electric. Wave energy plant contains interacting to each other the first and the second horizontal shafts, installed on vertical struts with ability of free rotation, pontoons, installed in pairs symmetrically relative to vertical struts, fixed in pairs levers, pivotally connected to corresponding pontoons, the first and the second gear, immovable installed at the first and the second shafts and are interlocked to each other, step-up gear and generator. On each shaft it is installed N-amount of pairs of overrunning clutches, naves of which are immovable installed on corresponding shafts, and iron rings by flat hinges are connected to top ends of levers, bottom ends of which, as well by flat hinges, are connected to corresponding pontoons. Distance between joints of two parallel levers is equal to distance between two horizontal shafts. When iron ring of top coupling of each pair interlocks to nave of iron ring, iron ring of bottom coupling disengages and inversely.
EFFECT: increasing of coefficient of efficiency and design simplification of installation.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to renewable sources of energy, particular to wave power and to converting it into other kinds, mainly into electrical energy. Wave power installation consists of the first and the second horizontal interacting shafts installed on vertical poles and freely rotating; further installation consists of pontoons arranged in pairs and symmetrically relative to vertical poles, of bridged in pairs levers pivotally connected to corresponding pontoons, of the first and the second pinions rigidly fixed on the first and the second shafts and meshing with one another, of a step-up-gear and generator. N-number of overrunning clutches is installed on each shaft; hubs of clutches are stationary assembled on corresponding shafts. Socket sleeves are connected with upper ends of levers by means of flat hinges; lower ends of levers are tied with corresponding pontoons also with flat hinges. Distance between hinges of two parallel levers equals to distance between two horizontal shafts. When the socket sleeve of the upper clutch meshes the hub of the socket sleeve, the socket sleeve of the lower clutch comes out of meshing and vice-versa.
EFFECT: object of invention is increased efficiency and simplification of installation design.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to designs of plants for transformation of sea current energy into electric energy. Generator that operates at sea current comprises cylindrical jacket 19 with inlet and outlet nozzles 20 and 21, two power generators 1 installed parallel to each other with cylindrical body 3 and external rotor 4, installed outside body 3, and hydrodynamic drive 2, made in the form of blades 9, which are radially installed on external surface of external rotors 4 in both power generators 1. Power generators 1 are arranged as birotating and are equipped with internal rotor 5, installed inside body 3. Internal and external rotors 4 and 5 are connected to each other by means of reduction gear 12, cavity of which is filled with lubricating liquid, which provides for opposite rotation of rotors 4 and 5, and blades 9 are arranged as flat.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at higher efficiency factor of plant with reduction of its dimensions and simultaneous increase of power.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.
EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed to convert energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed device contains pontoon, anchor chain and anchor, electric generator and drive including working and support sheaves over which flexible tie with weights o each end is passed. One of weights is installed for hanging over bottom and is made in form of floating anchor and the other is made in form of counterweight. Anchor chain is provided with tie-rod. Floating anchor and counterweight are made for adjustment of their mass. Floating anchor can be made in form of hollow platform in which row of chambers is made. Each chamber is sealed and designed for accommodating and/or ground, and /or air, and/or water. Counterweight is made in form of hollow float with sealed chamber in lower part which is designed for ground, and sealed air chamber is found in its upper part. Tie-rod is installed by one end on anchor chain and by other end, on pontoon. It is made flexible and can be adjusted in length.
EFFECT: provision of operation at any depth.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power generating.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in vehicle power drives and for power generation. Method of conversion of energy of working medium into mechanical and electric energy is provided by multistage conversion of energy of drive engine having rotating output shaft, for instance, hydraulic turbine. Power torque is transmitted from shaft of drive engine to mechanical power consumer by means of at least two-stage conversion of mechanical energy into energy of working medium, for instance, water. Water pressure is provided by use of centrifugal hydraulic pump or radial-axial hydraulic turbine operating as a pump with provision of generation of reactive energy caused by interaction of water with blades of hydraulic turbine stage or reactive jet nozzle of stage runner, with transmission of water through fixed waterway and stage stator made in form of spiral chamber or branched manifold. Peripheral speed of stage runner with blades or reactive jet nozzles in creases torque by value of difference of radii of stage runner and drive engine wheel. Device contains drive engine with rotating shaft, for instance, hydraulic turbine, transmitting shaft, generator and at least two similar conversion stages. Shaft of hydraulic turbine is coupled with centrifugal pump impeller of first stage radially from which fixed waterways are laid to branched manifold or to spiral chamber on side surface of which radial-axial turbine runner is installed with working blades or nozzles over periphery under which drain manifold is installed. Runner of second stage hydraulic pump is rigidly installed on shaft by means of which it is connected with runner of first stage and rotor of electric generator.
EFFECT: increased torque transmitted to electric generator.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed for converting energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed plant contains vertical support secured on bottom, rocking rod installed on support for rotation around axis of support, float secured on one of rod ends. Float is provided with intake bottom hole and outlet top hole, both provided with remote controlled valves, and electric generator. Upper end of support remains under water at any possible magnitudes of waves. Wave magnitude sensor is connected with remote controlled valves, float is connected to pneumatic line connected with pressure source, rocking rod is connected with pump which is connected by pipeline with accumulator of hydropotential energy on shore, electric generator is located on shore and is coupled with hydraulic turbine connected with accumulator of hydropotential energy. Plant changes to safe mode of operation owing to filling of float with water at excess of magnitudes waves determined by corresponding wave magnitude sensor.
EFFECT: provision of reliable and long operation.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: plant is designed for generating power by conversion of energy of sea waves. Proposed wave power plant is mounted on pontoon and provided in nose part with bellows with bottom from wave side and longitudinal bell with vertical tube arranged over bellows accommodating electric generator with mechanical converter, and in center of pontoon behind the bell, box-shaped vertical air duct is installed divided by vertical partition into two parts and communicating with pontoon through two check valves. Windwheel with blades is installed in cut of partition, being mechanically connected through shaft with electric generator. Bellows chamber with bottom is installed in stern part of pontoon. Holes are made in wall of pontoon between spaces of bellows and pontoon, and in wall of pontoon bottom between spaces of bellows chamber and pontoon to pass compressed air inside pontoon, and electric generators are installed.
EFFECT: provision of more complete utilization of energy of sea waves.
8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: electric power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to electric power engineering and may be used for generation of electric power at the account of ocean tides, ocean waves, wind from the shore by integration of tide energy with hydrogen technology. Barrage for energy extraction from potential energy contained in ocean tides, consists of multiple support stands installed with the same interval from each other in the ocean along the perimeter line and attached to the sea bottom. Panels are installed one above the other and fixed between pairs of neighboring support stands. Gaps between every panel and support stands are leak-tightened. Pairs of support stands from two rows of support stands for caissons. Support panels are placed between every pair of opposite support stands from the mentioned two rows so that caisson is supported by support panels, so that they form platform between two rows for caissons. In every caisson there are turbines with facilities that provide for water passing through the turbine by operator command. Electric generators are connected to at least one turbine. Barrage has no gaps or slots. As a result the ocean is separated from the area inside the barrage, excluding time, when operator provides water passing through turbine for electric power generation. Invention works at different loads and functions as power complex with electrolyzers and fuel elements for generation of electric power by request, excluding by that impulse character of traditional tide energy. Hydrogen may be produced as target product.
EFFECT: reduces cost of works.
6 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to water power engineering, and namely to water-borne vehicles producing electric energy used for external consumers and for its own movement. Energy-producing floating platform consists of a triangular-shaped platform with a power unit, which is elevated above water surface by means of columns, floats, piston-type pumps, and supports which are hinged to columns. Floating platform is equipped with wind impellers installed on brackets and being synchronously rotated by propelling screws with wheels. Between each support and float arranged are piston-type pumps. Inside each column there is an axle on lower end of which there installed is a propelling screw and a wheel, and the other axle end is taken out above the platform surface and is provided with a pulley. Over pulleys there passed is a flexible rope pulled over by a steering mechanism.
EFFECT: designing the maneuvering self-moving energy-producing floating platform which is capable of autonomous movement on water surface.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydroenergetics, to low pressure flows of seas, rivers and water outlets of hydro electric stations and reservoirs. A tidal hydroelectric plant contains a cylindrical body of the machine compartment with a gear box and electric generator of the tail hydroturbine with arms, mounted on its axis and the axis of rotation. On the upper part of the body is fixed a flat pylon, on the end of the pivot system and the axis of rotation. The body is suspended on a crossbeam in the passage of the catamaran for lifting the power station to the level of the servicing platform on the grooves of the support bridge pier, connected by the arch with a lifting mechanism. Arms of the hydroturbine are made short and wide sweptforward on the leading edge and with a concave surface in the form of a parabolic curve, and a convex surface of the tailpiece perforated with slanting slits.
EFFECT: reduces the depth of the low pressure power stations, increases the hydrodynamic quality of the hydroturbines arms, and ensures periodic lifting of the power station from the water.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable power sources, namely to use of potential energy accumulated in water reservoirs and its conversion into other types of energy, mostly in electric energy. Water power device comprises the following components that interact with each other - platform, multiplier, power generator, the first and second shafts, in which according gears are installed, overrun clutches and sprockets that interact with chain. Device additionally comprises the first and second trolleys. They are connected to each other by chain and are installed in appropriate inclined guides with the possibility of reciprocal motion. Appropriate reservoirs are installed in trolleys, being equipped with exhaust water valves. In upper points reservoirs interact with appropriate newly introduced inlet water valves and units of position fixation, and in lower points - with end supports.
EFFECT: makes it possible to simplify design and increase efficiency of energy transformation.
7 cl, 6 dwg