Floating power plant

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: floating power plant includes two pontoons with parts tapering at the front connected between themselves by axis 14, at which there is a stabilising plate 15 and impeller 6 that has concave blades 32, connected to electric generators through horizontal shaft 7. After the axis 14 at longitudinal shaft 22 and support-thrust bearing 23 there fixed is a screw-propeller connected to electric generator 12 mounted at horizontal platform 13 connecting both pontoons through reducer 24 and vertical shaft 11. Vertical supports 26 attached to pontoons have piezoelectric film 29 with photoelectric converters 30 attached to it from above.

EFFECT: provision of possibility to use wind energy by power station, sheltering electric equipment from weather conditions and water flow control at impeller.

2 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used to convert the energy of the current environment into electricity.

Known floating breakwater, including pontoons, United in pairs, under the bottom of which is hinged one end of the stabilizing plate, the other end of which by means of an adjustable thrust associated with the bottom of the pontoon (A.S. No. 379725 USSR).

The design of the floating breakwater is not possible to obtain electrical energy by converting the energy of sea waves and river currents of water.

Known engine to convert the energy of the current environment containing a working body in the form of an endless flexible chain and blades, arranged perpendicularly to the direction of flow (RF Patent No. 2206786).

Known engine complex in design and are not reliable in operation when receiving electric power.

The closest to the technical nature of the claimed solution is hydroelectric installation comprising a vessel, made in the form of a catamaran, between the buildings which formed the working channel, posted in the last conveyor with rollers mounted on the chassis, and an endless belt with fixed on her blades, generators, kinematically connected with the shaft of the conveyor, and hydro turbines with vertical axes of rotation and electro is generatore top of their shafts (A.S. No. 1474317, USSR).

The disadvantages of the known installation include: failure to use its wind energy, you need to have additional devices for shelter generators from precipitation and the current environment, there is no prispoobleniy to regulate water flow in the installation.

The technical result consists in using the power of wind energy, shelter, electrical equipment from precipitation and water flow control on the impeller is achieved due to the fact that the floating power plant comprises a floating body, divided into two pontoons with a tapered front parts. The housing is attached to the bottom of the anchor chains located on both sides of the longitudinal axis of the housing, an impeller mounted on a horizontal shaft which is connected with power, as well as additional impeller connected through a vertical shaft to a generator mounted on a horizontal platform. According to the invention the casing is made of metal, and the pontoons are connected by an axis, which is freely worn stabilizing plate, made in the form of an axe, both sides of which to expanding its set of vertical rails with the holes in the upper parts, in which the threaded rod, the outer ends supported on Suhumi the camping part of the pontoons. The pontoons are bonded rods, installed behind the axle at the same time, the impeller is made in the form of a propeller mounted on the longitudinal shaft and the bearing and connected through a gearbox to a generator, and the ground on which you installed the latest addition holds the pontoons. On vertical posts attached to the upper parts of the edges of the pontoons and sealed horizontal rods, wearing a piezoelectric film attached to the top of the photoelectric converters. The generators are connected electrically through wires and battery warning lights. The impeller has a concave blades and spokes on the outer part near the blades are rigidly attached on both sides to the rim.

1 schematically shows a floating power plant, a side view in section; figure 2 is a top view; figure 3 is a section a-a in figure 1.

Floating power plant comprises a metal housing 1, is divided into two pontoons 2 and 3 with narrowing the front parts 4 and 5. The impeller 6 is mounted on a horizontal shaft 7 which is connected to the generators 8 and 9, as well as additional impeller 10, connected through a vertical shaft 11 generator 12 mounted on a horizontal platform 13. The pontoons 2 and 3 fastened Soboh the axis 14, which is freely worn stabilizing platinum 15 made in the form of an axe. On both sides of the axe, to the expanding part, through the hinge 16 is attached to the two vertical slats 17 with holes 18 in the upper parts, in which the threaded rod 19, the outer ends supported on tapering part of the pontoons 4 and 5. The pontoons 2 and 3 are fastened together by the rods 20 and 21, mounted behind the axle 14. Additional impeller 10 is made in the form of a propeller mounted on the longitudinal shaft 22, in a journal-thrust bearing 23, and connected through the reduction gear 24 and the shaft 11 with the electric generator 12. Space 13, which includes a generator 12 and a battery 25, further confirming the pontoons. On the upright support 26 attached to the sleeves 27 are located at the edge of the pontoons, sealed horizontal rods 28 mounted piezoelectric film 29 attached to the top of the photoelectric converters 30. Generators 8, 9 and 12 are connected electrically through wires with power shield (not shown), and the piezoelectric film 29 and photovoltaic cells 30 with dyskotekowe flap (not shown)connected through the wires and the battery 25 with signal lights 31. The impeller 6 has a concave blades 32 and the pins 33 on the outer part near the blades are rigidly attached on both sides of the rim 34. In ulki 35 loosely mounted on the uprights 26, attached to the lower part of the piezoelectric film 29. The housing 1 is attached to the bottom of the river anchor chains 36 located on either side of the longitudinal axis of the housing. Stabilizing plate 15 regulates the flow of water on the blade 32. At its lower position (Figure 1) - the maximum access of water flow on the blade 32, the upper position - impeller 6 stops, although additional impeller 10 to rotate.

Floating power plant operates as follows.

In summer, the plant put on the river to meet the water flow, fix the housing 1 anchor chains 36. The impeller 6 and the additional impeller 10 will rotate on their axes and generators 8, 9, and 12. Stabilizing plate 15, with the rails 17 are set to the position that provides the optimum speed generators 8 and 9 according to factory instructions. Received by generators 8, 9 and 12 of the electric power supplied to the power plate, and then through the cable to the onshore substation. Wind flow affects the piezoelectric film 29 as in the course of the river (see figure 1), and with other parties to the plant. In any case the wind sways it both outside and inside, the received electric power is supplied to nicholby flap. In the daytime, in the presence of the sun, photoele the electrical converters 30 produce electricity, which will also come on discotomy plate and used for own needs of the plant. Film 29, stretched from the top of the plant equipment, protects it from the weather. At the beginning on the river freeze-up, the plant takes from the fairway and put near the shore on the prevention and repair.

The proposed floating power plant is simple in design, reliable in operation, additional impeller, the piezoelectric film with photovoltaic cells increases its total capacity, the plant can be used on rivers to provide electricity tourist camps, villages and farms.

1. Floating power plant containing a floating body, divided into two pontoons with a tapered front parts, and the housing is attached to the bottom of the anchor chains located on both sides of the longitudinal axis of the housing, an impeller mounted on a horizontal shaft which is connected with power, as well as additional impeller connected through a vertical shaft to a generator mounted on a horizontal platform, characterized in that the casing is made of metal, and the pontoons are connected by an axis, which is freely worn stabilizing plate, made in the form of an axe, both sides of which RA is shirasaya it part through the hinges attached to the two vertical slats with holes in the upper parts, in which the threaded rod, the outer ends supported on tapering part of the pontoons and pontoon bonded rods, installed behind the axle at the same time, the impeller is made in the form of a propeller mounted on the longitudinal shaft and the bearing and connected through a gearbox to a generator, and the ground on which you installed the latest addition holds the pontoons, and vertical posts attached to the upper parts of the edges of the pontoons and sealed horizontal rods, wearing a piezoelectric film attached to the top photovoltaic converters, generators are connected electrically through wires with the power plate, and the piezoelectric film and the photoelectric converters with dyskotekowe flap connected by wires and battery warning lights.

2. Power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the impeller has a concave blades and spokes on the outer part near the blades are rigidly attached on both sides to the rim.



 

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