Method for evaluating human hemispheric asymmetry

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to psychophysiology. The acupuncture points 26XIII zhen-chzhun, VM3 in-tan are localised and marked by a colour. A full-face photography 10×15 cm is taken to draw a vertical straight line through two marked points. The pupil centres are marked to draw therethrough vertical and horizontal lines respectively parallel and perpendicular to a sagittal face midline line of the person and within the accuracy of 0.1 mm. A hemispheric asymmetry coefficient is calculated: Kas=0.1×A/(C-D)±B, where A is a horizontal distance of the pupil centres; B is a vertical distance of the pupil centres - with a "+" sign, if a right eye is higher than a left one; with a "-" sign, if a left eye is higher than a right one; O is a distance of the right pupil centre and the face midline; D is a distance of the left pupil centre and the face midline. At the coefficient Kas values are within 0 to 5.0, a right-hemispheric asymmetry is stated, while the Kas values -5.0 to 0 show a left-hemispheric asymmetry. A degree of asymmetry increases with the Kas value approaching to zero, and the Kas value equal to zero testifies to the presence of the complete hemispheric symmetry.

EFFECT: method extends the range of products for evaluating the hemispheric asymmetry.

5 dwg, 2 tbl, 6 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of psychophysiology, more particularly to psychophysiological detection of inter-hemispheric asymmetry of the person.

There are various ways to determine hemispheric functional asymmetry: method of determining the morphological asymmetry of the hands, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry is their length (leading is the hand which has the greatest length) [1]; the method of determining asymmetry, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry is more active and mobile hand (when apadravya is leading the hand, making the shock motion on the palm of ignorant hands) [2]; the method of determining asymmetry, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry of the brain is the provision of a brush of one hand on the forearm of the other (leading is the hand, the brush of which is on top of the forearm of the other hand) [1].

The most commonly used method for the determination of functional asymmetry, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry is the position of the thumb of the hand. When interlocking fingers is leading the hand, the thumb of which is from above, and the leading hemisphere, respectively, the hemisphere opposite to the dominant hand [3].

However, the method used when it is objective and informative has a drawback, which is manifested in the phenomenon of learned what I what affects the reliability of the results.

The purpose of this invention is the detection of the direction and the degree of hemispheric asymmetry in humans. In the result of the undertaken research was developed integrative indicator of hemispheric asymmetry determined by calculating the ratio of vertical and horizontal asymmetry of the face.

This goal is achieved by conducting a phased testing: using the standard method of electro-acupuncture diagnostics under the nose of the upper third of the vertical grooves of the upper lip are point 26XIII Ren-Zhong "water pit". The location of acupressure points fix a water-soluble marker black. A similar method to the midpoint of a line connecting the inner ends of the eyebrows, find the point VMZ Yin-Tang "line of the forehead with subsequent fixation of its location a water-soluble marker black. Take a picture of the face full-face format 10 x 15 cm, on which two labeled biologically active points of the Ren-Zong Yin-Tang spend a vertical line defines the median sagittal line of the face. Then fix the centers of the pupils with the subsequent conduct through them vertical and horizontal lines respectively parallel and perpendicular to the median of sagittal the second line of the face; thus, define four control distance with an accuracy of 0.1 mm:

A - between the centers of the pupil horizontal;

In - between the centers of the pupil vertical;

With - between the center of the pupil of the right eye and the median line of the face;

D between the center of the pupil of the left eye and the median line of the face.

After that make a complex calculation of the asymmetry factor (KAC) persons according to the formula: KAC=0,1×A/(C-D)±( " + " , if the right eye above left; "-" if the left eye is higher than the right).

Interpretation of the result is produced based on the analysis of size and orientation ToAC: right hemispheric asymmetry corresponds To aACfrom 0 to 5.0 and left hemispheric asymmetry corresponds To aACfrom -5,0 to 0. Moreover, the degree of asymmetry increases with the aspiration value of theACto zero. The value of KACzero indicates the presence of a full hemispheric symmetry.

The invention is illustrated by photographic sketches, which provides the right type of asymmetry (example 1, figure 1), left-brain type of asymmetry (example 2, figure 2) and the option of full hemispheric symmetry (example 3, figure 3).

Example 4. Given the relationship of interhemispheric asymmetry of the brain and typological characteristics of higher nervous activity [4], performed relevant issledovaniya 40 volunteers of both sexes, 17-28 years of age. The participants of the test were evaluated on the subject of facial asymmetry with the calculation of the asymmetry factor. Then with regard to sign (directional asymmetry) of the subjects were divided into two groups and optionally determined they have the strength of excitation, strength of inhibition, and mobility of nervous processes [5]. The test results are shown in figure 4.

In addition, all volunteers identified hemispheric asymmetry accepted way, identifying functional finger asymmetry hands. Comparing the data with the typological characteristics of higher nervous activity and built a histogram (figure 5).

Statistical analysis of the data revealed no significant differences in the studied parameters depending on the left-pravopolusharnym. However, the results of the tests defined, unidirectional differentiation typological characteristics of higher nervous activity in left - right individuals in the experimental group (figure 4), with a relatively pronounced likelihood of differences of values of the studied parameters, especially according to the strength of excitation (P=85%) and strength of inhibition (R=79%). In the control group (figure 5), the likelihood of differences of values of the same indicators is respectively 31% and 8%. The obtained results allow to conclude that the front of asymmetries contrast to functional more clearly reflects the typological characteristics of higher nervous activity, consistent with classical ideas about this relationship.

Example 5. Given the relationship of interhemispheric asymmetry of the brain and manifestations of communicative abilities [6], performed an additional study of 40 male and female volunteers, 17-28 years of age. The participants of the test were evaluated on the subject of facial asymmetry with the calculation of the asymmetry factor. Then with regard to sign (directional asymmetry) of the subjects were divided into two groups and optionally determined their expression of communicative abilities [7]. In addition, all subjects identified hemispheric asymmetry accepted way, identifying functional asymmetry of the weave of the fingers with the subsequent analysis of individual severity of communicative abilities. The results of the studies summarized in table 1.

The study established the significance of differences in the expression of communicative abilities in individuals differentiated on the left - right on the criterion of facial asymmetry, unlike similar differentiation is made according to the criterion finger asymmetry (conventional method).

Example 6. Based on known information about the condition of severity of individual human needs self-actualization level of legal thinking is usernote [8], performed a study of 20 male and female volunteers 17-21 years of age. Initially, all subjects showed the expression of personal attitudes towards self-actualization [9], with the differentiation of needs according to their relationship to the outside world to the needs of the first order, characterized by centripetal beginning, and the needs of second-order oriented involvement in society. Then made an individual assessment of hemispheric asymmetry offer (including facial asymmetry) and common (accounting finger asymmetry) ways. In General the results of testing performed the analysis of the expression of the studied parameters depending on the face (experience) and finger (control) asymmetries. Data for statistical analysis are given in table 2.

The study established the significance of differences of severity achieve results on the needs of first-order individuals, differentiated on the left-right on the criterion of facial asymmetry and lack thereof - in individuals, differentiated accepted way (finger asymmetry). While the prevalence values of the studied parameters in the experience of individuals, differing in right hemispheric asymmetry is entirely consistent with conventional views about this relationship.

the using of this method in comparison with the prototype has a number of advantages:

1) obtaining a stable, independent of the phenomenon of learning outcome;

2) the possibility of calculating the quantitative indicator of hemispheric asymmetry;

3) the commonality and uniqueness of the test. Thus, the developed approach is informative results, ease of implementation, expressnet and genetic conditionality of indicators that can be recommended for practical psychophysiological diagnostics.

Sources of information

1. The Chuprikov A.P. Features motor dominance in psychiatric patients. / Appcaption // Neuro-psychiatric diseases exogenous-organic nature. - M., 1975. - S-218.

2. Tushkanova I. Who I am. (Guideline) Ohitorisama. - Volgograd, 1995. - P.14-15.

3. Bragin NN. Functional asymmetry of human rights. / N. N. Bragin, Tagapamahala. - M.: Medicine, 1988. - 240 S. (Prototype).

4. Golubeva E.A. Study of abilities and personality in the light of ideas BMELV / E.A. Golubev // Ability. To the 100th anniversary since the birth of BM Teplova. - Dubna, 1997. - Pp.163-188.

5. Eliseev OF Constructive typology and psychodiagnostics of personality. / OpenView. - Pskov, 1994. - 280 S.

6. Rotanova T.A. Psychophysiological bases of individuality./ Toutanova. - M., 1999. - 128 S.

7. Workbook practical psychologist./ Ed. Are. - M., 1996. -400 C.

8. Inozemtseva L.V. Technological basis for the organization of teaching students with regard to the dominance of the hemisphere. / Laveneziana // New educational systems and learning technologies in higher education: Sat. the scientific. Tr. Ed. Uwibov. - Volgograd, 2002. - P.9-15.

9. Kuznetsov PS the Concept of social adaptation. / Piskunov. -Saratov, 2000. - 260 S.

The way to assess hemispheric asymmetry person, including an overall analysis of facial asymmetry, characterized in that by means of the standard method of electro-acupuncture diagnostics under the nose of the upper third of the vertical grooves of the upper lip is the point H Ren-Zhong "water pit", the location of which is fixed a water-soluble marker black, and a similar method to the midpoint of a line connecting the inner ends of the eyebrows, is the point VMZ Yin-Tang "line of the forehead with subsequent fixation of its location a water-soluble marker black, then it is a photograph of the face full-face format 10 x 15 cm, on which two labeled biologically active point Ren-Zong Yin-Tang is a vertical line denoting the median sagittal line of the face, then fixed the centers of the pupils with the subsequent conduct through them vertical is different and horizontal lines, respectively parallel and perpendicular to the median sagittal line of the face, and with an accuracy of 0.1 mm are considered indicators of the distance between the pupils of the eyes vertically and horizontally, on the basis of the calculated coefficient of interhemispheric asymmetry of the face:AC=0,1·A/(C-D)±B, where a is the distance between the centers of the pupil horizontal; the distance between the centers of the pupils vertically with the sign "+"if the right eye above the left; with the sign "-"if the left eye is higher than the right; - the distance between the center of the pupil of the right eye and the median line of the face; D is the distance between the center of the pupil of the left eye and the median line of the face, with the subsequent diagnosis of direction and degree of asymmetry, and for values of KACfrom 0 to 5.0 define right hemispheric asymmetry, for values of KACfrom -5,0 0 define left hemispheric asymmetry, where the degree of asymmetry increases with the aspiration value of theACto zero, and the value of KACzero indicates the presence of a full hemispheric symmetry.



 

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4 cl, 2 ex, 2 tbl

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6 tbl

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2 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl

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13 cl, 23 dwg

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13 tbl

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3 ex

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FIELD: medicine, cardiology, endocrinology, gynecology.

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EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.

5 ex, 2 tbl

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