Method for evaluating human hemispheric asymmetry
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to psychophysiology. The acupuncture points 26XIII zhen-chzhun, VM3 in-tan are localised and marked by a colour. A full-face photography 10×15 cm is taken to draw a vertical straight line through two marked points. The pupil centres are marked to draw therethrough vertical and horizontal lines respectively parallel and perpendicular to a sagittal face midline line of the person and within the accuracy of 0.1 mm. A hemispheric asymmetry coefficient is calculated: Kas=0.1×A/(C-D)±B, where A is a horizontal distance of the pupil centres; B is a vertical distance of the pupil centres - with a "+" sign, if a right eye is higher than a left one; with a "-" sign, if a left eye is higher than a right one; O is a distance of the right pupil centre and the face midline; D is a distance of the left pupil centre and the face midline. At the coefficient Kas values are within 0 to 5.0, a right-hemispheric asymmetry is stated, while the Kas values -5.0 to 0 show a left-hemispheric asymmetry. A degree of asymmetry increases with the Kas value approaching to zero, and the Kas value equal to zero testifies to the presence of the complete hemispheric symmetry.
EFFECT: method extends the range of products for evaluating the hemispheric asymmetry.
5 dwg, 2 tbl, 6 ex
The invention relates to the field of psychophysiology, more particularly to psychophysiological detection of inter-hemispheric asymmetry of the person.
There are various ways to determine hemispheric functional asymmetry: method of determining the morphological asymmetry of the hands, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry is their length (leading is the hand which has the greatest length) ; the method of determining asymmetry, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry is more active and mobile hand (when apadravya is leading the hand, making the shock motion on the palm of ignorant hands) ; the method of determining asymmetry, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry of the brain is the provision of a brush of one hand on the forearm of the other (leading is the hand, the brush of which is on top of the forearm of the other hand) .
The most commonly used method for the determination of functional asymmetry, where the criterion of interhemispheric asymmetry is the position of the thumb of the hand. When interlocking fingers is leading the hand, the thumb of which is from above, and the leading hemisphere, respectively, the hemisphere opposite to the dominant hand .
However, the method used when it is objective and informative has a drawback, which is manifested in the phenomenon of learned what I what affects the reliability of the results.
The purpose of this invention is the detection of the direction and the degree of hemispheric asymmetry in humans. In the result of the undertaken research was developed integrative indicator of hemispheric asymmetry determined by calculating the ratio of vertical and horizontal asymmetry of the face.
This goal is achieved by conducting a phased testing: using the standard method of electro-acupuncture diagnostics under the nose of the upper third of the vertical grooves of the upper lip are point 26XIII Ren-Zhong "water pit". The location of acupressure points fix a water-soluble marker black. A similar method to the midpoint of a line connecting the inner ends of the eyebrows, find the point VMZ Yin-Tang "line of the forehead with subsequent fixation of its location a water-soluble marker black. Take a picture of the face full-face format 10 x 15 cm, on which two labeled biologically active points of the Ren-Zong Yin-Tang spend a vertical line defines the median sagittal line of the face. Then fix the centers of the pupils with the subsequent conduct through them vertical and horizontal lines respectively parallel and perpendicular to the median of sagittal the second line of the face; thus, define four control distance with an accuracy of 0.1 mm:
A - between the centers of the pupil horizontal;
In - between the centers of the pupil vertical;
With - between the center of the pupil of the right eye and the median line of the face;
D between the center of the pupil of the left eye and the median line of the face.
After that make a complex calculation of the asymmetry factor (KAC) persons according to the formula: KAC=0,1×A/(C-D)±( " + " , if the right eye above left; "-" if the left eye is higher than the right).
Interpretation of the result is produced based on the analysis of size and orientation ToAC: right hemispheric asymmetry corresponds To aACfrom 0 to 5.0 and left hemispheric asymmetry corresponds To aACfrom -5,0 to 0. Moreover, the degree of asymmetry increases with the aspiration value of theACto zero. The value of KACzero indicates the presence of a full hemispheric symmetry.
The invention is illustrated by photographic sketches, which provides the right type of asymmetry (example 1, figure 1), left-brain type of asymmetry (example 2, figure 2) and the option of full hemispheric symmetry (example 3, figure 3).
Example 4. Given the relationship of interhemispheric asymmetry of the brain and typological characteristics of higher nervous activity , performed relevant issledovaniya 40 volunteers of both sexes, 17-28 years of age. The participants of the test were evaluated on the subject of facial asymmetry with the calculation of the asymmetry factor. Then with regard to sign (directional asymmetry) of the subjects were divided into two groups and optionally determined they have the strength of excitation, strength of inhibition, and mobility of nervous processes . The test results are shown in figure 4.
In addition, all volunteers identified hemispheric asymmetry accepted way, identifying functional finger asymmetry hands. Comparing the data with the typological characteristics of higher nervous activity and built a histogram (figure 5).
Statistical analysis of the data revealed no significant differences in the studied parameters depending on the left-pravopolusharnym. However, the results of the tests defined, unidirectional differentiation typological characteristics of higher nervous activity in left - right individuals in the experimental group (figure 4), with a relatively pronounced likelihood of differences of values of the studied parameters, especially according to the strength of excitation (P=85%) and strength of inhibition (R=79%). In the control group (figure 5), the likelihood of differences of values of the same indicators is respectively 31% and 8%. The obtained results allow to conclude that the front of asymmetries contrast to functional more clearly reflects the typological characteristics of higher nervous activity, consistent with classical ideas about this relationship.
Example 5. Given the relationship of interhemispheric asymmetry of the brain and manifestations of communicative abilities , performed an additional study of 40 male and female volunteers, 17-28 years of age. The participants of the test were evaluated on the subject of facial asymmetry with the calculation of the asymmetry factor. Then with regard to sign (directional asymmetry) of the subjects were divided into two groups and optionally determined their expression of communicative abilities . In addition, all subjects identified hemispheric asymmetry accepted way, identifying functional asymmetry of the weave of the fingers with the subsequent analysis of individual severity of communicative abilities. The results of the studies summarized in table 1.
The study established the significance of differences in the expression of communicative abilities in individuals differentiated on the left - right on the criterion of facial asymmetry, unlike similar differentiation is made according to the criterion finger asymmetry (conventional method).
Example 6. Based on known information about the condition of severity of individual human needs self-actualization level of legal thinking is usernote , performed a study of 20 male and female volunteers 17-21 years of age. Initially, all subjects showed the expression of personal attitudes towards self-actualization , with the differentiation of needs according to their relationship to the outside world to the needs of the first order, characterized by centripetal beginning, and the needs of second-order oriented involvement in society. Then made an individual assessment of hemispheric asymmetry offer (including facial asymmetry) and common (accounting finger asymmetry) ways. In General the results of testing performed the analysis of the expression of the studied parameters depending on the face (experience) and finger (control) asymmetries. Data for statistical analysis are given in table 2.
The study established the significance of differences of severity achieve results on the needs of first-order individuals, differentiated on the left-right on the criterion of facial asymmetry and lack thereof - in individuals, differentiated accepted way (finger asymmetry). While the prevalence values of the studied parameters in the experience of individuals, differing in right hemispheric asymmetry is entirely consistent with conventional views about this relationship.
the using of this method in comparison with the prototype has a number of advantages:
1) obtaining a stable, independent of the phenomenon of learning outcome;
2) the possibility of calculating the quantitative indicator of hemispheric asymmetry;
3) the commonality and uniqueness of the test. Thus, the developed approach is informative results, ease of implementation, expressnet and genetic conditionality of indicators that can be recommended for practical psychophysiological diagnostics.
Sources of information
1. The Chuprikov A.P. Features motor dominance in psychiatric patients. / Appcaption // Neuro-psychiatric diseases exogenous-organic nature. - M., 1975. - S-218.
2. Tushkanova I. Who I am. (Guideline) Ohitorisama. - Volgograd, 1995. - P.14-15.
3. Bragin NN. Functional asymmetry of human rights. / N. N. Bragin, Tagapamahala. - M.: Medicine, 1988. - 240 S. (Prototype).
4. Golubeva E.A. Study of abilities and personality in the light of ideas BMELV / E.A. Golubev // Ability. To the 100th anniversary since the birth of BM Teplova. - Dubna, 1997. - Pp.163-188.
5. Eliseev OF Constructive typology and psychodiagnostics of personality. / OpenView. - Pskov, 1994. - 280 S.
6. Rotanova T.A. Psychophysiological bases of individuality./ Toutanova. - M., 1999. - 128 S.
7. Workbook practical psychologist./ Ed. Are. - M., 1996. -400 C.
8. Inozemtseva L.V. Technological basis for the organization of teaching students with regard to the dominance of the hemisphere. / Laveneziana // New educational systems and learning technologies in higher education: Sat. the scientific. Tr. Ed. Uwibov. - Volgograd, 2002. - P.9-15.
9. Kuznetsov PS the Concept of social adaptation. / Piskunov. -Saratov, 2000. - 260 S.
The way to assess hemispheric asymmetry person, including an overall analysis of facial asymmetry, characterized in that by means of the standard method of electro-acupuncture diagnostics under the nose of the upper third of the vertical grooves of the upper lip is the point H Ren-Zhong "water pit", the location of which is fixed a water-soluble marker black, and a similar method to the midpoint of a line connecting the inner ends of the eyebrows, is the point VMZ Yin-Tang "line of the forehead with subsequent fixation of its location a water-soluble marker black, then it is a photograph of the face full-face format 10 x 15 cm, on which two labeled biologically active point Ren-Zong Yin-Tang is a vertical line denoting the median sagittal line of the face, then fixed the centers of the pupils with the subsequent conduct through them vertical is different and horizontal lines, respectively parallel and perpendicular to the median sagittal line of the face, and with an accuracy of 0.1 mm are considered indicators of the distance between the pupils of the eyes vertically and horizontally, on the basis of the calculated coefficient of interhemispheric asymmetry of the face:AC=0,1·A/(C-D)±B, where a is the distance between the centers of the pupil horizontal; the distance between the centers of the pupils vertically with the sign "+"if the right eye above the left; with the sign "-"if the left eye is higher than the right; - the distance between the center of the pupil of the right eye and the median line of the face; D is the distance between the center of the pupil of the left eye and the median line of the face, with the subsequent diagnosis of direction and degree of asymmetry, and for values of KACfrom 0 to 5.0 define right hemispheric asymmetry, for values of KACfrom -5,0 0 define left hemispheric asymmetry, where the degree of asymmetry increases with the aspiration value of theACto zero, and the value of KACzero indicates the presence of a full hemispheric symmetry.
SUBSTANCE: scapulohumeral periarthrosis is treated by nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs, anaesthetics and vitamins, by local cryotherapy with using Kryotur 600 apparatus immediately followed by neuropulse cuppent therapy. An acute period of the disease requires cryotherapy at temperature (-6) - (-12)°C for 8-10 minutes. In a subacute period not accompanied by secondary synovitis phenomena, cryotherapy is carried out at (0) - (-6)°C for 5-10 minutes. 4 procedure fields are exposed to neuropulse current. The IV channel electrodes are crosswise fixed within a shoulder joint; the I channel electrodes are arranged longitudinally in a paravertebral area on an affected side at a level of the I-III thoracic vertebras; the II channel electrodes are found paravertebrally on an opposite side; the III channel electrodes are fixed within a deltoid muscle. The operating mode of all the channels is group-mixed with pulse current frequency of the IV channel is fixed and equal to 100 Hz, the channel current migration period is 8 seconds. The neuropulse current exposure time is 10-15 minutes. The therapeutic course is 8-10 daily procedures.
EFFECT: higher clinical effectiveness ensured by pain syndrome relief, increased range of shoulder joint movement and lower number of carried out physiotherapeutic procedures.
SUBSTANCE: method involves exposure on acupuncture points. For this purpose, from the 5th-7th menstrual day the acupuncture points E 36 (2), GI 4 (2), Rp 6 (2), E 28 (2), I 4 (1) are exposed. The exposure is performed by means of needles for 10-20 minutes. After the needles are removed, an underbelly is exposed to a variable electrostatic field. The exposure is enabled by Chivamat 200 apparatus. A labile procedure is used. For this purpose, the 5-minute exposure of frequency 190 Hz, intensity 80 %, pulse/pause length - 2/1. For the following 5 minutes, the exposure characteristics are as follows: frequency 50 Hz, intensity 80 %, pulse/pause length - 2/1. The therapeutic course is 7-10 procedures.
EFFECT: method reduces time of treatment, is easy-to-implement.
2 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely - to dentistry and physiotherapy. The method involves acupuncture of auricular points (AP). Every second day, the AP 4 are exposed to a portable electrode of DiaDENS apparatus and a red-light semiconductor laser of Svetozar apparatus. The exposure to DiaDENS apparatus is performed in a "Therapy" mode at frequency 77 Hz for 2 minutes. The exposure to Svetozar apparatus is characterised by wave length 665 nm for 1 minute. The therapeutic course is 7-8 sessions.
EFFECT: method reduces length of procedure and treatment, prolongs remission, improves patient's quality of life due to dysarthria elimination, considerable xerostomia reduction, neurologic semiology relief.
2 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to psychiatry. Method includes determination of form of tobacco addiction and further impact taking into account its form. In case of dissociated form of tobacco addiction impact is performed on adrenergic, dopaminergic and glucocorticoid biologically active systems homolaterally from the left side, and on estrogenic, histaminergic and alimentary systems - bilaterally from both sides. In case of psychosomatic form of tobacco addiction impact is performed on androgenic, adrenergic and dopaminergic biologically active systems homolaterally from the left side, and on histaminergic and alimentary systems - bilaterally from both sides. Impact is performed by method of bioresonance therapy with application of corresponding for each system homeopathic preparation: estradiol-composite, androstendiol-composite, adrenalin-composite, dopamine-composite, glucocorticoid-composite, histamine-composite in hundredth homeopathic potencies and nicotine-composite in two hundredth homeopathic potencies. Impact is performed on all or separate arm or leg meridians of male patient. Impact duration on each biologically active system constitutes 3 minutes. Course of treatment includes 6-15 sessions.
EFFECT: method increases remission duration.
4 cl, 2 ex, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to psychiatry. Method includes determination of form of tobacco addiction and further impact on organism systems taking into account its form. In case of dissociated form of tobacco addiction impact is performed on androgenic, adrenergic and dopaminergic biologically active systems homolaterally from the right side, and on histaminergic and alimentary - bilaterally from both sides. In case of psychosomatic form of tobacco addiction impact is performed on androgenic, adrenergic and dopaminergic biologically active systems homolaterally from the left side, and on glucocorticoid and alimentary systems - bilaterally from both sides. Impact is performed by bioresonance therapy with application of corresponding for each system homeopathic preparation: androstenediol-composite, adrenalin-composite, dopamine-composite, glucocorticoid-composite, histamine-composite in hundredth homeopathic potencies and nicotine-composite in two hundredth homeopathic potencies. Impact is performed on all or separate arm or leg meridians of female patient. Impact duration on each biologically active system constitutes 3 minutes. Course of treatment includes 6-15 sessions.
EFFECT: method increases remission duration.
4 cl, 2 ex, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to cardiosurgery and can be used in treatment of patients after cardiosurgical interventions and receiving mechanical ventilation (ALV). Starting with the first post-operation day at the background of intensive therapy in lying position of patient visceral manual therapy on organs of abdominal cavity is carried out. After that impact is performed on biologically active points which are selected taking into account prevailing organ failure. Depending on state of patient's conscience either passive or active movements in joints of lower extremities are performed. In case of active movements doctor exercises dosed resistance to working extremity. Before beginning and in pauses between exercises rotation in hip joint is performed. After that, ventilation in prone-position is carried out. Slow transfer of patient into sitting position is carried out. In this position impact is performed on patient's back by means of manual therapy techniques. After that patient is placed into orthopedic arm-chair in "vertical sitting" position with gradual increase of exposure time.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to restore and support adequate function of gastrointestinal tract, facilitate early independent beginning of enteral feeding, improve ventilation function of lungs and gas-transport function of blood.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to dentistry. Method includes impact by remote electrode of apparatus "DiaDENS". Impact is performed with frequency 77 Hz for 2 minutes. Impact is performed on auricular points of acupuncture, which correspond to teeth of upper AT5, or lower AT6 jaws. When impact on auricular points is over, impact on pain zone in area of apex of cured tooth is performed. Impact is realised by point electrode of "DiaDens" apparatus with frequency 200 Hz, for 5 minutes.
EFFECT: method ensures obtaining high therapeutic result due to complex successive impact: reduces treatment terms, contributes to elimination of accompanying neurologic symptoms: sleep disorders, irritability, anxiety.
2 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to psychiatry, psychotherapy. At the beginning of session psychotherapeutic influence is performed. After that, corporal biologically active points (BAP) are subjected to impact of extremely high-frequency radiation with low-frequency modulation (EHF-LF). Then, phonoresonans therapy is carried out. Impact of EHF-LF radiation is performed on the following corporal BAP: Hae-Gu (Gi-4), Qu Chi (Gi-11), Zhong-fu (P-1), bai-hui (T-20). In case of depressed states impact is performed on Chung-Fu (P-1), fen-fu (T-16), bai-hui (T-20), Hsin-hui (T-22). In case of phobic states impact is performed on Feng-fu (T-16), bai-hui (T-20), da-lin (MS-7), Jung-Fu (P-1). In case of post-trauma stress disturbance impact is performed on Chung-Fu (P-1), Hae-Gu (Gi-4), shen-men (C-7), Feng-chi (VB-20). In case of sleep disorders impact is performed on Chung-Fu (P-1), Hae-Gu (Gi-4), Lin Tao (C-4), shen-men (C-7). For impact with EHF radiation not less than two corporal BAP are used.
EFFECT: method reduces terms of relief of pathologic psychic states reduction and increases remission duration.
4 cl, 7 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely - to reflexotherapy, psychiatry, addictology. At the withdrawal syndome peak, a complex treatment involves millimeter wave therapy (MWT) of biologically active points (BAP) and nutrition. The MWT exposure is conducted in a pseudonoise radiation mode, frequency range 54 - 70 GHz, output power up to 0.3 mWt, procedure duration 30 minutes. The main MWT procedures are performed on 1st-5th and 8th-9th therapeutic days. In 1 and 6 months, supportive therapeutic courses including 1-3 MWT sessions are carried out. In the patients with a body weight index (BWI) not exceeding 25 units, nutrition does not require caloric value limitation. In the patients with the BWI exceeding 25 units, nutrition requires caloric value limitation. That is ensured by limited consumption of simple carbohydrates and animal fats up to 10 % each from the caloric value, and by enrichment with protein up to 25 % from the caloric value, with vegetable fats - up to 20 % from the caloric value, with cellulose - up to 30 g.
EFFECT: method provides the prevention of body weight gain and other withdrawal syndrome manifestations during smoking cessation without additional use of a drug-induced therapy.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly to pain syndrome management in spine osteochondrosis. That is ensured by injections of 0.5% Novocaine containing hydrocortisone in painful points. The preparation is introduced in the amount of 0.1-0,2 ml and less in each point in the form of intramuscular, subcutaneous and periarticular injections. Total amount of the injected solution in one procedure makes 1 to 5 ml with the hydrocortisone content in a dose 2.5-5.0 mg.
EFFECT: with low traumatism and invasiveness, the method provides fast pain management, the absence of postinjection morbidity and symptoms of systemic effect of the drug due to considerable decrease of the amount of the introduced solution in each point and hydrocortisone dose.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical equipment, namely to body-fat mass measurement devices. The device comprises a unit attached to a body for bioelectric impedance measurement provided with a support for a number of electrodes, and a belt. The belt has a stretched zone. The electrode support accommodates a fastening section connected to one end of the belt, and a holder for movably retaining the section near the other end of the belt, comprising a belt length adjustment mechanism. The device also integrates a stretched belt shift measurer, and a control section of the belt length adjustment mechanism managed on the basis of the data evaluated by the belt shift measurer.
EFFECT: use of the invention enables high-precision body-fat mass measurement.
9 cl, 15 dwg
SUBSTANCE: number of anthropogenic parameters are measured and converted into estimating points by two formulas with application of table of minimal (M-2σ) and maximal (M+2σ) values of parameters in population. Calculation of each parameter in points is performed by formula: parameter value in points = 9(P value - P min value):(P max. value - P min.value), where P value is measured value of anthropometric parameter in particular patient, P min value is parameter minimal value, obtained for population, P max.value is parameter maximal value in population; after that calculation of value of girth parameters without taking into account skin and fat folds is performed by formula: value of girth parameter without SFF = P value - π×SFF, where P value is measured value of girth parameter, π is pi number = 3.14, SFF is thickness of respective skin and fat fold. If value of each parameter is lower than 0 points, superweak development of parameter is determined, if value equals from 0 to 2.9 points - weak, from 3 to 5.9 points - middle, from 6 to 8.9 points - strong, over 9 points - superstrong development of parameter.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase accuracy and objectivity of body built estimation, degree of body fat and muscle component development during anthropometry in men.
4 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to neonatology. In order to diagnose tobacco syndrome of fetus phenotypic characteristics among full-term babies are determined with giving them diagnostic coefficients (DC). In case if saddle-shaped nose is identified, diagnostic coefficient "5.4" is given; index of head width to filter length 10.21±4.02 "4.35" is given; short filter less than 1 cm - -"2.9"; dysplastic ears - "2.59"; sandal-shaped slot - "2.58"; blue scleras - "1.58"; low location of ears - "1.09"; long eye slot, longer than 2.1 cm - "0.77"; wide bridge of nose - "-0.41"; nipple hypertelorism - "-0.43"; wide filter, more than 0.9 cm - "-0.48"; small ears - "-0.63"; long forearm, longer than 8.76 cm - "-3.95"; pigment spots - "-6.45". Obtained diagnostic coefficients are summed up. If threshold sum equals +13 points, tobacco syndrome of fetus is diagnosed in child with retardation of intrauterine development with probability 95%. If DC id from -13 to +13, diagnosis is considered indefinite and additional finding out of information about mother's smoking during pregnancy is required.
EFFECT: method increases accuracy of diagnosing tobacco syndrome of fetus.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to anatomical methods of examination. For examination of periathric synovial bursae cavity of bursae is filled with solution. For cavity filling used is solution which contains 100 grams of paraffin, 5 grams of wax and 2 grams of water-free dye Sudan III. After hardening of paraffin, surrounding tissues are prepared layer-by-layer until paraffin impression is obtained, which is photographed, with determination of its dimensions and volume by amount of introduced solution, its shape and topography. Obtained impression is removed from examined cavities, photographed again and its shape is determined in all planes.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to reduce time and labour consumption of examination, makes it possible to determine volume, shape and topography of examined cavity accurately.
2 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine. In order to determine person's functional-morphological type external anthropometric markers (parameters) are measured. Values of epigastral angle, distances bicostarum (A1) and bispinarum (A2) are measured, ratio of A1 to A2 is calculated. Prints of person's feet are taken and compared with standard versions of feet prints with comparison of area of support zones of changed and standard versions, contours and shape. In case if epigastral angle is obtuse, A1/A2>1, foot is flat, brachimorphic functional-morphological type of person is diagnosed. In case if epigastral angle is approximately 90°, A1/A2=1, foot is intermittent, mesomorphic functional-morphological type of person is diagnosed. In case if epigastral angle is approximately acute, A1/A2<1, foot is high, dolichomorphic functional-morphological type of person is diagnosed.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to determine functional-morphological type of person in short terms.
2 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to pathologic anatomy, forensic medicine and obstetrics. In order to diagnose asyncli8tism degree borders of periostal stagfnation area (PSA). In dead children degree of asynclitism is determined by calculating degree ofdisplacement of area of dome of cranium periosteal stagnation (PSA) by formula where X is degree of transversal displacement of PSA from longitudinal suture to extreme PSA border, L1 is larger distance in millimeters from longitudinal suture to extreme PSA border, L2 is shorter distance from longitudinal suture to extreme PSA border. Degree of transversal PSA displacement from longitudinal suture (X) more than 15 mm is considered to be pathologic asynclitism, less than 15 mm - physiologic asynclitism.
EFFECT: method increases accuracy of asynclitism degree diagnostrics by scull changes.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to non-interventional methods and systems of obesity prevention, in particular, to systems, which by analysing tendency of person's weight changing predict probability of developing state of excessive weight or obesity, which can start in a short time period. System of preventing and controlling obesity sate includes at least one stationary unit of preventing excessive weight and obesity by collection of anthropometric information about person in fixed place for prediction and prevention of development of said person's state of obesity; and at least one of the following ones: at least one on automobile board unit of preventing excessive weight and obesity by collection of anthropometric information about, at least, one person who is in automobile for prediction and prevention of development of said person's state of obesity; and at least one unit of preventing person's excessive weight and obesity by prediction and prevention of development of said person's state of obesity, located on places of rest or entertainment, by collection of anthropometric information about person who is for some time out of home during holiday, business trip or journey in places of rest or entertainment. System also includes: communication means for connection of two or at least one stationary unit of preventing excessive weight and obesity, at least one on automobile board unit of preventing excessive weight and obesity or at least one unit of preventing person's excessive weight and obesity in places of rest or entertainment with main service of prevention of obesity development for prediction and prevention of development of said person's obesity.
EFFECT: method and device make it possible to predict obesity due to periodic measurement of person's weight.
13 cl, 23 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to therapeutic physical exercises for students who have slight deviations in health status, and includes collection of anamnesis, estimation of students' general state, carrying out joint education with main group on the subject in regimen of classes, - taking control qualifying standards, carrying out additional classes in general physical training (GPT) for preparatory group (PG). Indices of physical development (PD) of PG students are determined: height, weight, functional state (FS) are measured, arterial pressure, heart and respiration rate, vital lung capacity are determined, Stange, Hench, Ruffie tests are conducted. By doing exercises (PE) tested are physical characteristics (FC): speed - short-distance running, tolerance - long-distance running, force tolerance of muscles - trunk flexors for girls - lifting trunk from lying position, force and force tolerance of shoulder girdle muscles for boys - pulling on the bar, dynamic force of lower extremities muscles - long standing jump. If qualifying standards of 3 or more tests are not fulfilled, PC are defined as backward and individual plan of PE is determined, for which purpose created and introduced into personal computer memory is electronic database of PE, aimed at development and improvement of PC, put in video line PE in form of graphic illustrations with text and advertising information about connection between health and success in profession and business. Students select from database of descriptions PE aimed at development and improvement of backward PC. Teacher estimates and supplements individual complex of PE. Students make a report in form of visual aids with complex description and keep a diary of self-control to be checked by teacher once a month, attend lesson in physical education with main group, additional GPT classes 2 times a week and independent lessons. At lessons with main group they do composed complex of PE for 20% of class time, at additional classes - for 40%, independent - 100% of time. When a term passes, teacher carries out control of students FS and PD and corrects complex of PE.
EFFECT: method increases efficiency of physical education classes, correcting drawbacks of PD and PC, taking into account individual dosage of loading, increasing functional possibilities and motivation for independent classes, health-improvement.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to endocrinology. The following data are determined: cause of menopause, application of estrogen preparations, value of index of body weight and thyroid gland volume, concentration of antibodies to thyroid peroxidase and thyrotropic hormone. On the basis of obtained data prognostic coefficient which makes it possible to predict presence or absence of risk of developing thyroid gland diseases in the nearest five years is calculated.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to determine risk of thyroid gland diseases in women of perimenopausal age, which will make it possible for a doctor of any specialty to select the most optimal way of said pathology prevention and treatment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, in particular to ophthalmology. A retina is coated with a coagulate with using a laser pulse of wave length 0.81 mcm, power 5 to 100 mV, exposure time 0.1-0.2 s and spot diametre 200-300 mcm. The presence of ophthalmosopically negative retinal oedema is indicated by dark border surrounded coagulate, and the manifestation degree is shown by the dark border width: up to 1 mm - degree I oedema, 1 to 2 mm - degree II oedema, 2 to 3 mm - degree III oedema.
EFFECT: method enables determining the necessity of exposure point transport on the retina in laser therapy of the retinal diseases and injures.
FIELD: medicine, cardiology, endocrinology, gynecology.
SUBSTANCE: one should detect informational-valuable signs of patient's state, such as either the presence or absence of hypertonic disease and uterine extirpation together with adnexa, the value of body weight index, predominance of disorders according to modified menopausal index (MMI)such as autonomic, metabolic-endocrine or psycho-emotional ones, the type of metabolic structures of blood serum, moreover, it is necessary to echocardiographically detect stroke volume, cardiac index and systemic vascular resistance (SVR), at ultrasound testing one should detect maximal linear rate of circulation (LRC max) by medial cerebral artery and thyroid alterations, rheovasographically one should detect specific circulation (SC) of shins, at testing laser doppler flowmetry one should detect microcirculation index, biochemically it is necessary to detect the value of beta-adrenoreactivity, cholesterol level and that of B-lipoproteides, crystallographically - the presence of serotonin and dopamine crystals, due to immunoenzymatic assay on should detect the values by Table 1 and then after obtaining the values of diagnostic coefficients of every parameter it is necessary to summarize them and obtain diagnostic index (DI), at its value being below 10 one should state no alteration, at its value 10-10 - undetermined state, at its value being 21-30 - the 2nd severity degree of disorders, and at DI value being above 31 one should state the 3d severity degree of disorders available.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.
5 ex, 2 tbl