SUBSTANCE: composition contains more than 5% anionic surfactant, less than 25% nonionic surfactant, a light-sensitive ingredient and an inorganic mother-of-pearl agent. The light-sensitive ingredient is selected from a group comprising enzymes, dyes, vitamins, aromatising agents and mixtures thereof.
EFFECT: inorganic mother-of-pearl agent improves stability of light-sensitive ingredients in the detergent composition.
20 cl, 14 ex
The technical field
The present invention relates to the field of liquid compositions, preferably aqueous compositions, containing pearlescent agent and the photosensitive ingredients. These compositions exhibit improved stability of light-sensitive ingredients.
In the manufacture of liquid compositions for treatment are always trying to improve their technical ability and aesthetic characteristics. The present invention is directed to improving the aesthetic characteristics traditionally transparent or opaque liquid compositions. The present invention relates to liquid compositions containing modifiers optical properties that can refract light in such a way that the composition looked like mother-of-pearl.
Mother-of-pearl effect can be achieved by introducing into the liquid composition and the suspension in her pearlescent agent. Pearlescent agents include inorganic natural substances such as mica, fish scales, bismuth oxychloride and titanium dioxide, and organic compounds such as metal salts of higher fatty acids, complex glycol esters of fatty acids and alkanolamide fatty acids. Pearlescent agent may be purchased in the form of a powder, a suspension agent in a suitable suspendium agent and the and in those cases, when the agent is crystalline, it can be obtained in situ.
The composition of detergents and pearlescent dispersions containing as pearlescent agents difficult glycol esters of fatty acids, are disclosed in the following sources; US 4717501 (in the name of Kao); US 5017305 (in the name of Henkel); US 6210659 (in the name of Henkel); US 6835700 (name Cognis). Liquid detergent compositions containing a pearlescent agent, are disclosed in US 6956017 (in the name of the Procter & Gamble). Liquid detergents for washing garments of delicate fabrics, containing pearlescent agents, are disclosed in EP 520551 B1 (in the name of Unilever).
Having put considerable efforts and to pay the costs of improving the aesthetic characteristics of the compositions, the applicant preferably compresses the resulting composition in a transparent or semi-transparent packaging, which may be, for example, bottle, box, tube, or water-soluble film. However, some of the ingredients of the composition, which are essential or at least preferable to provide characteristics that are sensitive to the action of light. Packaging the composition in a transparent or translucent packaging increases the risk of destabilization of such light-sensitive ingredients. It is important as far as possible to protect these sensitive ingredients to maintain the stability of the product, do under aesthetic characteristics for the longer time. This is especially important because the product can be stored in the warehouse or on the shelf for some time, potentially over a period of a few months.
Oxychloride of bismuth, which is a pearlescent agent, was previously described as sensitive to light Ke-Lei Zhang et al., Applied Catalysts: Environmental 68 (2006), pp.125-129. In this work it is reported that bismuth oxychloride is a photocatalyst, which can cause decomposition of dyes under the action of light.
Despite the above, it has been unexpectedly found that compositions containing inorganic pearlescent agent, exhibit improved stability of light-sensitive ingredient.
In accordance with the present invention provides a liquid detergent composition containing more than 5% anionic surfactants, less than 25% non-ionic surfactants, the photosensitive ingredient and an inorganic pearlescent agent.
In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention provides the use of compositions containing more than 5% anionic surfactants, less than 25% non-ionic surfactants and inorganic pearlescent agent to improve the stability of light-sensitive ingredients in the oppozitsii.
A detailed description of the invention
Liquid compositions of the present invention suitable for use in compositions for washing or cleaning hard surfaces. It is implied that the term composition for washing includes all liquid compositions used for treatment of linen in the wash, including detergents and softening or conditioning compositions. It is implied that the term composition for hard surface processing includes all liquid compositions used for treatment of hard surfaces, such as surface kitchen or bathroom, as well as tableware and kitchen utensils when washing by hand or in dishwasher.
The compositions of the present invention are liquid, but can be Packed in the container or be encapsulated and/or uniform dose. The latter form is described in more detail below. Liquid compositions can be aqueous or nonaqueous. In cases where the compositions are aqueous, they may contain from 2 to 90% water, more preferably, from 20% to 80% water, and most preferably from 25% to 65% water. Non-aqueous compositions contain less than 12% water, preferably less than 10%, most preferably less than 9.5% of water. Compositions used in products in the form of standardized doses containing liquid composition contained in a water-soluble is Lenk, often described as non-aqueous. Compositions in accordance with the present invention for such use contain from 2% to 15% water, more preferably from 2% to 10% water, and most preferably from 4% to 9% water.
The compositions of the present invention preferably have a viscosity of from 1 to 1500 centipoise (1-1500 MPa·s), more preferably, from 100 to 1000 centipoise (100-1000 MPa·s) and, most preferably, from 200 to 500 centipoise (200-500 MPa·s) at 20-1and 21°C. the Viscosity can be determined by conventional methods. Viscosity in accordance with the present invention, however, is measured by using a rheometer AR 550 company TA Instruments using a spindle of plate steel with a diameter of 40 mm and a gap of 500 μm. The viscosity at high shear rate equal to the 20-1and the viscosity at a low shear rate of 0.05-1can be determined by a logarithmic curve of the shear rate from 0.1-1up to 25-13 minutes at 21°C. the Preferred rheology described here, can be achieved at the expense of its own internal structure formation ingredients of detergent or by applying external rheology modifier. More preferably, the liquid composition Laundry detergent have a viscosity at high shear rate from about 100 centipoise to 1500 centipoise, more preferably from 100 to 1000 CPs. A uniform dose of liquid compositions Laundry detergent has a viscosity at high shear rate from 400 to 1000 CPs. A softening composition for washing have a viscosity at high shear rate from 10 to 1000, more preferably from 10 to 800 SP, most preferably from 10 to 500 CPS. Composition for washing dishes manually have a viscosity at high shear rate from 300 to 4000 SP, more preferably from 300 to 1000 CPs.
Composition in which add a pearlescent agent, preferably is transparent or translucent, but may be opaque. Composition (before adding a pearlescent agent) preferably have an absolute turbidity of from 5 to 3000 NTU values (turbidity units) when measured using turbidimetry values of the type. Turbidity in accordance with the present invention is measured using an instrument Analyte NEP160 with probe NEP260 company McVan Instruments (Australia). In one embodiment of the present invention, it was found that even compositions with turbidity NTU above 2800 can be done pearly by using the appropriate amount of pearlescent material. Applicants, however, have found that, with increasing turbidity of the compositions of the transparency of the composition is reduced. This reduction of light transmission leads to the fact that light passes through the smaller number is the number of mother-of-pearl particles that in turn causes the weakening of the pearlescent effect. Applicants, therefore, found that this effect can be somewhat improved by adding large amounts of pearlescent agent. However, the threshold value is achieved when the turbidity is equal to 3000 NTU, after which further addition of pearlescent agent does not improve the level of mother-of-pearl effect.
In another embodiment, the invention includes a liquid detergent containing pearlescent agents such as mica coated with or without bismuth oxychloride and the like, in combination with a high level (such as from 1% to 7 wt.% composition) agents for textile care, such as substituted or unsubstituted silicones. The latter include in the composition in pre-emulsified form. Suitable silicones are commercially available from suppliers such as Dow Corning, Wacker, Shin-Etsu, and others. Optionally, such compositions may have a relatively high viscosity of at least 500 to 4000 at 20-1and 21°C and from 3000 to 20000 at 0.1 s-1and 21°C. such compositions are suitable external structure-forming agent is trihydroxystearin in amounts in the range from about 0.05% to about 1% of the composition. Can be used any other suitable external structure-the Gent, or can be used structured surface-active agent composition. Means improving the deposition, such as acrylamide/MARTHA (methacrylamidoethylene chloride) from the company Nalco, preferably used in the compositions in amounts from about 0.1% to 0.5 wt.% song.
Liquid materials according to the present invention preferably have a pH from 3 to 10, more preferably from 5 to 9, more preferably from 6 to 9, most preferably from 7.1 to 8.5, when measured by dissolving liquids in quantities of 1% in demineralised water.
Preferably, the composition is packaged in a translucent or transparent container such as a bottle, tube, carton, etc.
Surfactants or detergents surfactants
The compositions of the present invention contain more than 5% anionic surfactants and less than 25% non-ionic surfactants. More preferably, the composition comprises more than 10% anionic surfactants. More preferably, the composition comprises less than 15%, more preferably less than 12% non-ionic surfactants.
The compositions of the present invention may also contain surfactants zwitterionic, ampholytic or Katie the aqueous type and their mixtures. More preferably, the surfactants are selected from the group consisting of anionic, nonionic, cationic surfactants and mixtures thereof. Preferably, the composition is essentially not contain betaine surfactants. Surfactants with detergent action, suitable for use in the present invention, is described in U.S. patent 3664961, Norris, issued may 23, 1972, the U.S. patent 3919678, Laughlin et al., issued December 30, 1975, the U.S. patent 4222905, Cockrell, issued September 16, 1980, and in U.S. patent 4239659, Murphy, issued December 16, 1980, Preferred are anionic and nonionic surfactants.
Suitable anionic surfactants may themselves belong to several different types. For example, water-soluble salts of higher fatty acids, i.e. the "Soaps", are suitable anionic surfactants in the compositions of the present invention. These include Soaps of alkali metals such as sodium, potassium, ammonium, and alkylammonium salts of higher fatty acids containing from about 8 to about 24 carbon atoms, preferably from about 12 to about 18 carbon atoms. Soap can be obtained by direct saponification of fats and oils or by the neutralization of free fatty acids. Particularly suitable are the soda is Evie and potassium salts of the mixtures of fatty acids, derived from coconut oil and solid animal fat, i.e. sodium or potassium tallow and coconut soap.
Additional nemaline anionic surfactants that are suitable for use in the present invention include water-soluble salts, preferably alkali metal and ammonium salts, organic reactions with sulfuric acid having in its molecular structure an alkyl group containing from about 10 to about 20 carbon atoms and ester group, sulfonic acid or sulfuric acid (the term "alkyl" includes alkyl portion of the acyl groups). Examples of this group of synthetic surfactants are: (a) alkyl sulphates of sodium, potassium and ammonium, especially obtained by sulfonation of higher alcohols (C8-C18carbon atoms), such as obtained by the restoration of the glycerides of animal fat or coconut oil; b) alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium, potassium and ammonium, especially those in which the alkyl group contains from 10 to 22, preferably from 12 to 18, carbon atoms, and in which polyethoxylate chain contains from 1 to 15, preferably from 1 to 6, ethoxylated links; and (C) alkylbenzenesulfonate sodium and potassium, in which the alkyl group contains from about 9 to about 15 atoms of carbon is a, in the configuration of a linear chain or branched chain, for example, belong to the type described in U.S. patent 2220099 and 2477383. Especially valuable are alkylbenzenesulfonate with linear chains in which the average number of carbon atoms in the alkyl group is from about 11 to 13, and which are indicated in abbreviated form C11-C13The LAS.
Preferred nonionic surfactants are the compounds of formula R1(OC2H4)nOH, where R1represents C10-C16alkyl group or a C8-C12alkylphenyl group, and n is from 3 to about 80. Particularly preferred are the condensation products of C12-C15alcohols with from about 5 to about 20 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol, e.g., C12-C13alcohol, condensed with approximately 6.5 by moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.
The photosensitive ingredient
The light-sensitive ingredients are defined as ingredients that are destroyed, deactivated or activated when exposed to light. Under the light refers to light having a wavelength of from about 250 to about 460 nm. Especially harmful UV-a (UVA) light has a wavelength from about 320 to 400 nm. Especially harmful UV-b (UVB) light has a wavelength of from about 290 to 320 nm. Especially harmful ultraviolet-C (UVC) light has the length of any from about 250 nm to 290 nm. The photosensitive ingredients include enzymes, vitamins, flavorings, dyes, and mixtures thereof.
Examples of suitable non-exceptionally vitamins include b complex, including thiamine, nicotinic acid, Biotin, Pantothenic acid, choline, Riboflavin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, pyridoxine, Inositol, carnitine, vitamins A, C, D, E, K and their derivatives, such as vitamin a palmitate and provitamins (i.e. panthenol (provitamin B5) and antinatriuretic) and mixtures thereof.
Suitable with action detergent enzymes for use in the present invention include protease, amylase, lipase, cellulase, carbohydrate, including mannanase and endoglucanase, and mixtures thereof. All these enzymes, known in the art for use in Laundry and cleaning hard surfaces, are suitable for use in the present invention. Enzymes can be used are described for them in the literature quantities, for example, in amounts recommended by the suppliers, such as Novo and Genencor. Typical levels in the compositions ranges from about 0,0001% to about 5%. In the presence of enzymes, they can be used in very low quantities, for example, from about 0,001% or less, in certain versions of the invention, or they can be used in the compositions of funds for stirk is heavily contaminated products in accordance with the invention, in higher quantities, for example, approximately 0.1% and above.
Used here, the term "flavouring" covers individual ingredients of fragrances and aromatic accords. The flavoring ingredients can be pre-mixed with the aromatic accord before adding the detergent composition of the present invention. The flavoring agents of the present invention may also include microencapsulation materials flavorings. The flavoring microcapsules contain raw materials of the flavor encapsulated in a capsule made from materials selected from the group consisting of urea and formaldehyde, melamine and formaldehyde, phenol and formaldehyde, gelatin, polyurethane, polyamides, ethers of cellulose, cellulose ethers, polymethacrylate and mixtures thereof. Methods of encapsulation are described in "Microencapsulation: Methods and industrial applications", eds. Benita and Simon (Marcel Dekker Inc. 1996).
The content of aromatic chord in the detergent composition typically ranges from about 0,0001% to about 2% or higher, e.g. up to about 10%; preferably, from about is 0.0002% to about 0.8%, more preferably from about 0,003% to about 0.6%, most preferably from about 0,005% to about 0.5 wt.% the detergent composition.
The content ingredient the flavoring in aromatic chord typically ranges from about 0,0001% (more preferably, 0,01%) to about 99%, preferably from about 0.01% to about 50%, more preferably from about 0.2% to about 30%, even more preferably from about 1% to about 20%, most preferably from about 2% to about 10 wt.% aromatic accord. Typical examples of the ingredients of the flavoring and aromatic chords are disclosed in U.S. patent 5445747; U.S. patent 5500138; U.S. patent 5531910; U.S. patent 6491840; and U.S. patent 6903061.
Non-limiting examples of dyes that may be destroyed by ultraviolet light include acid blue 145 company Crompton, to the following: Hidacid blue production firms Hilton Davis, Knowles and Tri-Con; pigment green No. 7, FD&C green No. 7, acid blue 1, acid blue 80, acid violet 48 and acid yellow 17 from the company Sandoz Corp.; D&C yellow # 10, from the firm of Warner Jenkinson Corp. The dyes are present in amounts of from 0.001% to 1%, preferably from 0.01% to 0.4% of the composition.
Pearlescent agents in accordance with the present invention are crystalline or glassy solid, transparent or semi-transparent connection, able to reflect and refract light to create a pearlescent effect. Typically, pearlescent agents are crystalline particles, insoluble in the composition in which they are located. Preferably, pearlescent agents who s have the form of thin plates or spheres. Areas in accordance with the present invention, should be understood as having a General spherical shape. Particle size is measured by the greatest diameter of the sphere. Lamellar particles have such a form that two particle size (length and width) of at least 5 times greater than the third dimension (height or thickness). Other forms crystals such as cubic or needle, or other forms of crystals, not create a pearlescent effect. Many pearlescent agents such as mica, are natural minerals that have monoclinic crystals. Form, apparently, affects the stability of the agents. Spherical, and even more preferably, the plate agents, stabilizing the most successful.
Pearlescent agents described in the literature, usually for use in shampoos, conditioners or personal hygiene cleansing effect. They are described as materials that give the songs a pearlescent appearance. The mechanism pearl effect described R.L.Crombie in International Journal of Cosmetic Science, Vol.19, pages 205-214. He wishing to be bound by theory, we can note that the pearl effect is considered, occurs in the specular reflection of light, as shown in the drawing below. The light reflected from the pearl plates or spheres arranged in a composition essentially parallel to each other at different levels, to create the t sense of depth and brilliance. Part of the light reflected from the pearlescent agent, and the remainder passes through the agent. Light passing through a pearlescent agent, can be carried out directly or refracted. The reflected and refracted light gives another color, brightness and Shine.
Pearlescent agents preferably have a volume particle size D0.99 (sometimes referred to D99 of less than 50 microns. More preferably, pearlescent agents have D0.99 less than 40 microns, most preferably less than 30 microns. Most preferably, the particles have a volumetric particle size greater than 1 μm. Most preferably, pearlescent agents have a distribution of particle size from 0.1 μm to 50 μm, more preferably from 0.5 μm to 25 μm, and most preferably, from 1 μm to 20 μm. Figure D0.99 is a measure of the particle size associated with the distribution of particle size and meaning in this case that 99% of the particles have a volumetric particle size less than 50 microns. Volumetric particle size and distribution of particle size is measured using equipment Hydro 2000G, available from the company Malvern Instruments Ltd. Particle size plays a role in stabilizing agents. The smaller the particle size and distribution, the easier they suspendida. However, with decreasing particle size of the pearlescent agent decreases the effectiveness of the agent.p> Not wishing to be bound by theory, the applicant believes that the passage of light through the surface section pearlescent agent and a liquid medium in which it is suspended, is determined by the physical laws described by the Fresnel equations. Part of the light reflected pearlescent agent, will increase with increasing difference between the refractive indices pearlescent agent and a liquid medium. The rest of the light will be refracted in accordance with the principle of conservation of energy and transmitted through the liquid medium until then, until you reach the other surface of the pearlescent agent. Based on the above, it is considered that the difference between the refractive indices should be high enough to ensure that the amount of reflected light was sufficient relative to the amount of refracted light to give a composition containing pearlescent agents, visible pearlescent effect.
Liquid compositions containing less water and more organic solvents will typically have a refractive index higher than water compositions. Applicants, therefore, found that such compositions having a high refractive index, pearlescent agents with a high enough refractive index does not create a sufficient view of the constituent pearl effect even when administered in a composition in high quantities (typically, more than 3%). Therefore, it is preferable to use pearlescent pigment with a high refractive index to maintain the level of pigment in the composition at a reasonably low level. Consequently, pearlescent agent is preferably chosen so that it has a refractive index greater 1,41, more preferably, more than the 1.8, even more preferably greater than 2.0. Preferably, the difference of refractive indices between the pearlescent agent and the composition or the environment, then add the pearlescent agent is at least 0,02. Preferably, the difference of refractive indices between the pearlescent agent and the composition is at least to 0.2, more preferably at least 0.6. Applicants have found that the higher the refractive index of the agent, the more effective the agent creates a pearlescent effect. This effect, however, also depends on the refractive index difference between the agent and composition. The greater the difference, the stronger the perceived effect.
Liquid compositions of the present invention, preferably, contain from 0.01% to 2.0 wt.% composition 100% active pearlescent agent. More preferably, the liquid composition comprises from 0.01% to 0.5%, more preferably from 0.01% to 0.35%, even more preferably from 0.01% to 0.2 wt.% the composition of the 100% active pearl is Mitrovich agents. Applicants have found that despite the above-mentioned particle size and level of content in the composition, it is possible to ensure a good and desirable for consumers pearl effect of the liquid composition.
Pearlescent agents can be organic or inorganic.
Organic pearlescent agents:
Suitable pearlescent agents include complex monetary and/or diesters of alkalophile formula:
where R1denotes a linear or branched C12-C22 alkyl group;
R denotes a linear or branched C2-C4 alkylenes group;
R is chosen from H, C1-C4 alkyl or-COR2, R2denotes a C4-C22 alkyl, preferably C12-C22 alkyl; and
In one embodiment of the present invention, long-chain ester of a fatty acid has the General structure shown above, where R1denotes a linear or branched C16-C22 alkyl group, R denotes a-CH2-CH2and R are selected from H or-COR2where R2denotes a C4-C22 alkyl, preferably C12-C22 alkyl.
Typical examples are complex monetary and/or diesters of ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, diethylene glycol, dipropyleneglycol, triethylene glycol or tetraethyleneglycol with fatty acids containing from about 6 to about 22, the pre is respectfully, from about 12 to about 18 carbon atoms, such as Caproic acid, Caprylic acid, 2-ethylhexanoate acid, capric acid, lauric acid, isotridecanol acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearic acid, ezoterikova acid, oleic acid, elaidic acid, Petroselinum acid, linoleinovoy acid, linolenic acid, arachnid acid, gadolinia acid, Bekenova acid, erucic acid and mixtures thereof.
In one embodiment, the pearlescent agents used in the composition are ethylenglykolether (EGMS) and/or ethylenglykolether (EGDS) and/or polietilenglikolmonostearat (PGMS) and/or polietilenglikolmonostearat (PGDS). There are several commercial sources of these materials. For example, PEG6000MS®available from Stepan company, Empilan EGDS/A®available from the company Albright &Wilson.
In another embodiment, the pearlescent agent contains a mixture of complex diapir of ethylene glycol/complex monoether of ethylene glycol with a weight ratio from about 1:2 to about 2:1. In another embodiment, it was found that the pearlescent agent containing a mixture of EGDS/EGMS with weight ratio from about 60:40 to about 50:50, is particularly stable in aqueous suspension.
Agents decrystallize and:
Optionally, to improve the crystallization of the organic pearlescent agents are agents cocrystallization, so that in the finished product was formed pearls. Suitable agents cocrystallization include, without limitation, fatty acids and/or fatty alcohols having a linear or branched optionally substituted by hydroxyl, alkyl group containing from about 12 to about 22, preferably from about 16 to about 22, and more preferably, from about 18 to 20 carbon atoms, such as palmitic acid, linoleinovoy acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, ricinoleic acid, Bekenova acid, Cetearyl alcohol, Hydrometeorology alcohol, beganovic alcohol, linalilovy alcohol, linalilovy alcohol, and mixtures thereof.
It was found that in cases where agents cocrystallization are chosen so that they had a melting point higher than organic pearlescent agents in molten mixtures of these agents cocrystallization and the above organic pearlescent agents, agents cocrystallization typically otverzhdajutsja first with the formation of uniformly distributed dispersed particles that serve as nuclei of crystallization pearlescent agents. With proper selection of the ratio between organic pearl is matronym agent and agent cocrystallization you can control the size of the resulting crystals with the aim of improving mother-of-pearl effect the finished product. It was found that using a very large number of agent cocrystallization, the product obtained possesses less attractive mother-of-pearl effect and is more opaque.
In one embodiment, the presence agent cocrystallization, the composition comprises 1-5 wt.% C12-C20 fatty acids, C12-C20 fatty alcohol, or mixtures thereof.
In another embodiment, the weight ratio between the organic pearlescent agent and the agent cocrystallization is in the range from about 3:1 to about 10:1, or from about 5:1 to about 20:1.
One of the widely used methods for producing compositions containing organic pearlescent agents, is a method of using an organic pearlescent material that is solid at room temperature. Such materials are heated above their melting point and add in the formulation of the composition; cooling the finished song appears pearly luster. However, this method may have disadvantages, since the entire production lot shall be heated to the temperature corresponding to the melting point of pearlescent material, and even mother-of-pearl effect in the product is achieved only if the homogeneous molten mixture and the use of carefully controlled conditions Oh what ardenia and mixing.
An alternative and preferred method of incorporating organic pearlescent agents in the composition is the use of pre-crystallized dispersions of organic pearlescent material. This method is known qualified as "cold pearls". In this alternative method, long-chain esters of fatty acids melted, combine with the mixture of the carrier and is recrystallized to an optimum particle size in the media. Mix media typically contains a surfactant, preferably 2-50% surfactant, and the rest are water and optional additives. Mother-of-pearl crystals of a certain size can be obtained by proper choice of the mixture of surface-active substance carrier, the conditions of mixing and cooling. The process of making materials cold pearls are described in U.S. patents 4620976, 4654163 (both on the name Hoechest) and WO 2004/028676 (in the name of Huntsman International). Some materials cold pearls are commercially available. These include such brands as Stepan, Pearl-2 and Stepan Pearl 4 (manufactured by Stepan Company, Northfield, IL), Mackpearl 202, Mackpearl 15-DS Mackpearl DR-104, Mackpearl DR-106 (all manufactured by Mclntyre Group, Chicago, IL), Euperlan PK900 Benz-W and Euperlan PK 3000 AM (manufactured by Cognis Corp).
A typical embodiment of the invention, including the speaker of the organic pearlescent agent, is a composition containing from 0.1% to 5 wt.% the composition of the organic pearlescent agent, from 0.5% to 10 wt.% the composition of the dispersing surfactant, and optionally, an effective amount of the agent cocrystallization in a solvent system containing water and, optionally, one or more organic solvents, optionally, from 5% to 40 wt.%, from the composition, a detergent surfactant and at least 0.01 percent, preferably at least 1 wt.%, from the composition, of one or more auxiliary materials for washing, such as flavour, fabric softener, enzyme, bleach, bleach activator, sizing, or combinations thereof.
"Effective amount" of the agent cocrystallization is a quantity sufficient to obtain the desired crystal size and size distribution pearlescent agents, for a given set of processing parameters. In some variants, the number of agent cocrystallization is in the interval from 5 to 30 parts per 100 weight parts of the organic pearlescent agent.
Suitable dispersing surfactants for materials cold pearls include alkyl sulphates, alkylarylsulfonate and mixtures thereof in which the alkyl group is linear or is OSVETLENIE C12-C14-alkilani. Typical examples include, without limitation, sodium lauryl sulfate and ammonium lauryl.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the composition comprises 20-65 wt.% water; 5-25 wt.% alkylsulfate sodium, alkylsulfates or alkylarylsulfonate dispersing surfactant; and 0.5-15 wt.% the glycol of monostearate and ethylene glycol of distearate in a weight ratio of from 1:2 to 2:1.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the composition comprises 20-65 wt.% water; 5-30 wt.% alkylsulfate sodium or alkylarylsulfonate dispersing surfactants; 5-30 wt.% long chain of ester of fatty acid and 1-5 wt.% C12-C22 fatty alcohol or fatty acid, where the weight ratio of long-chain complex ester of fatty acids to fatty alcohols and/or fatty acid is in the range from about 5:1 to about 20:1, or from about 3:1 to about 10:1.
In another embodiment of the invention, the composition contains at least about 0.01 percent, preferably from about 0.01% to about 5 wt.% from the composition, pearlescent agents, an effective amount of the agent cocrystallization and one or more of the following materials: detergent surfactant; fixing agent for anionic dyes; solvent system, containing the th water and an organic solvent. This composition may optionally include other additives for Laundry and fabric care.
The process of incorporating organic pearlescent agents:
The material is cold pearls are produced by heating the media containing 2-50% of a surfactant, the rest is water and other additives, to a temperature above the melting point of the organic pearlescent agent and agent cocrystallization, typically about 60-90°C., preferably about 75-80°C. the Organic pearlescent agent and the agent cocrystallization add to the mixture and stirred for from about 10 minutes to about 3 hours. Optionally, the temperature is then increased to approximately 80-90°C. To obtain the desired droplet size of the dispersion of a pearlescent agent can be used in the grinding device with high shear loads.
The mixture is cooled with a cooling rate of about 0.5-5°C/min, Alternatively, the cooling is conducted as a two-stage process that includes a step instant cooling by passing the mixture through a single heat exchanger and the stage of slow cooling, in which the mixture is cooled at a rate of approximately 0.5 to 5°C/min, Crystallization pearlescent agent, such as long-chain ester fatty acids, begins when the temperature reaches about 50 is C; crystallization is accompanied by a significant increase in the viscosity of the mixture. The mixture is cooled to about 30°C and the stirring stopped.
The resulting material was pre-crystallized organic pearlescent dispersions cold pearls can then be included in the liquid composition under stirring and without any supply of external heat. The resulting product has an attractive pearlescent appearance and is stable for several months under typical storage conditions. In other words, the resulting product retains its pearlescent appearance, and the material is cold pearls does not show separation or delamination of the matrix compositions for months.
Inorganic pearlescent agents:
Inorganic pearlescent agents include materials selected from the group consisting of mica, mica coated with metal oxide, mica coated with silicon dioxide, mica coated with bismuth oxychloride, bismuth oxychloride, myristoleate, glass, glass coated with metal oxide, guanine, sequin (polyester or metal) and their mixtures.
Suitable mica include Muscovite or hydroxychloride potassium-aluminum. Plates of mica, preferably, covered with a thin layer of metal oxide. Preferred metal oxides are selected from the group consisting of rutile, titanium dioxide, iron oxide(3), tin oxide, aluminum oxide and mixtures thereof. Crystal mother-of-pearl layer is formed by the calcination of mica coated with metal oxide, at about 732°C. the Heating leads to the formation of inert pigment, which is insoluble in the resin, has a stable color and can withstand thermal stress further processing.
Color in these pearlescent agents appears due to the interference of rays of light reflected under the mirror angles from the upper and lower surfaces of the layer of metal oxide. Agents lose the intensity of the color at offset angle of view in the area of non-mirrored angles of reflection that gives them a pearlescent appearance.
More preferably, the inorganic pearlescent agents are selected from the group consisting of mica and bismuth oxychloride, and mixtures thereof. Most preferably, the inorganic pearlescent agents are mica. Commercially available suitable inorganic pearlescent agents available from the company Merck under the trade names Iriodin, Biron, Xirona, Timiron Colorona, Dichrona, Candurin and Ronastar. Other commercially available inorganic pearlescent agents offered by the firm BASF (Engelhard, Mearl) under the trademarks Biju, Bi-Lite, Chroma-Lite, Pearl-Glo, Mearlite, and Eckart under the trademarks Prestige Soft Silver and Prestige Silk Silver Star.
Organic is the cue pearlescent agents, such as the ethylene glycol monostearate and ethylene glycol distearate, create a pearlescent effect, but only when the composition is in motion. Therefore, the pearlescent effect of the composition is manifested only at the time when the composition is poured. Inorganic pearlescent materials are preferred, as they provide both dynamic and static pearlescent effect. Under the dynamic mother-of-pearl effect means that the composition exhibits a pearlescent effect, when the composition is in motion. Under static pearlescent effect means that the composition exhibits a pearlescent effect, when the composition is fixed.
Inorganic pearlescent agents available in powder form or in the form of a suspension of powder in a suitable suspendium agent. Suitable suspendresume agents include Ethylhexylglycerin, hydrogenomonas castor oil. Powder or slurry of the powder can be added to the composition without requiring any additional process steps.
Optional ingredients of the composition
Liquid compositions of the present invention can contain other ingredients selected from the following list of optional ingredients. Unless otherwise stated below, the "effective number is the number of" specific auxiliary substances for Laundry is preferably, from 0.01%, more preferably from 0.1%, even more preferably from 1%to 20%, more preferably up to 15%, even more preferably up to 10%, and even more preferably up to 7%, most preferably up to 5 wt.% the composition of the detergents.
Agents for fabric care
Preferred optional ingredient in the compositions of the present invention is an agent that provides the beneficial effect of fabric care. Used here the value "agent providing the beneficial effect of fabric care" refers to any material that can provide beneficial effects of fabric care, such as fabric softening, color protection, reducing rolling/uslanmayan, abrasion resistance, resistance to creasing, etc., items of clothing and fabrics, especially cotton and have a high cotton content items of clothing and fabrics, if garments/fabrics there is a sufficient amount of material. Non-limiting examples of agents for textile care include cationic surfactants, silicones, polyolefin wax, latex, oil derivatives sugars, cationic polysaccharides, polyurethanes and mixtures thereof.
Agents for textile care, in case of their presence in preferred compositions according to the invention are suitable in the share of the I-V characteristics up to about 30 wt.% from the composition, more typically, from about 1% to about 20%, preferably from about 2% to about 10%, in certain variants. For the purposes of the present invention, silicone derivatives represent any silicone materials, which can provide beneficial effects of the fabric care and can be included in the liquid composition for treatment in the form of emulsions, latexes, dispersions, suspensions, etc. with suitable surface-active substances prior to the preparation of compositions of products for washing. Suitable silicones include silicone fluids, such as poly(di)alkylsilane, especially polydimethylsiloxane and cyclic silicones. Polydimethylsiloxane derivatives of the present invention include, without limitation, organofunctional silicones. One example of a functional silicones are silicones type ABn disclosed in US 6903061 B2, US 6833344 and WO 02/018528. Commercially available examples of such silicones are Waro and Silsoft 843, both offered by the company GE Silicones, Wilton, CT. Examples of functionalized silicones included in the present invention are silicone polyethers, alkylsilane, phenylsilane, aminosilicone, silicone resin, siliconmanganese, cationic silicones, etc.
Suitable are functionalityand silicones or copolymers with one the or more different types of functional groups, such as amino, alkoxy, alkyl, phenyl, simple polyester, acrylate, silicon hydride, mercaptopropyl, carboxylic acid, and stereoselectivity nitrogen. Non-limiting examples of commercially available silicones include SM2125, Silwet 7622, commercially available from GE Silicones, and DC8822 and PP-5495, and DC-5562, all commercially available from Dow Corning. Other examples include KF-888, KF-889, both available from the company Shin Etsu Silicones, Akron, OH; Ultrasil®SW-12, Ultrasil®DW-18, Ultrasil®DW-AV, Ultrasil®Q-Plus, Ultrasil®Ca-I, Ultrasil®CA-2, Ultrasil®SA-I and Ultrasil®D-100, all available from the company a Noveon Inc., Cleveland, HE. Additional non-limiting examples include Pecosil®CA-20, Pecosil®SM-40, Pecosil®PAN-150, available from the company Phoenix Chemical Inc. (Somerville).
Oil derived sugars suitable for use in the present invention, is described in WO 98/16538. In the context of the present invention, abbreviations CPE or RSE denote the cyclic derivatives of polyols or derivatives restored saccharides, respectively, which provide esterification and/or esterification of from 35% to 100% of the hydroxyl groups of the cyclic polyol or restored saccharide, and in which at least two or more complex or ether groups independently attached to a C8-C22 alkyl or alkenylphenol chain. Especially preferred are the RE and RSE on the basis of monosaccharides and disaccharides. Examples of monosaccharides include xylose, arabinose, galactose, fructose and glucose. A restored example of the saccharide is sorbitan. Examples of disaccharides are sucrose, lactose, maltose and cellobiose. Sucrose is particularly preferred.
Particularly preferred are esters of sucrose with 4 or more ester groups. They are commercially available under the brand name Olean from the company The Procter and Gamble Company (Cincinnati, OH).
All dispersible polyolefins, providing beneficial effects of fabric care can be used as water-insoluble agents for fabric care in accordance with the present invention. The polyolefins can be in the form of waxes, emulsions, dispersions or suspensions.
Preferably, the polyolefin is a polyethylene, polypropylene or a mixture thereof. The polyolefin may be at least partially modified to contain various functional groups, such as carboxyl, alkylamide, sulfonic acid or amide groups. More preferably, the polyolefin used in the present invention, is at least part of the carboxyl modified or, in other words, oxidized. In particular, oxidized or carboxyl modified polyethylene is preferable to the positions of the present invention.
The polymer latex is typically obtained by emulsion polymerization method, which requires the use of one or more monomers, one or more emulsifiers, initiator and other components, known to those of ordinary skill in the art. Any polymer latexes, providing beneficial effects of fabric care can be used as water-insoluble agents for textile care according to the present invention. Non-limiting examples of suitable polymer latexes include the materials disclosed in WO 02/018451, published in the name of Rhodia Chimie. Additional non-limiting examples include monomers used in the production of polymer latexes, such as:
1) 100% or pure butyl acrylate
2) a Mixture of butyl acrylate and butadiene with at least 20% (the weight ratio of monomers) of butyl acrylate
3) Acrylate and less than 20% (the weight ratio of monomers) of other monomers, with the exception of butadiene
4) Alkylacrylate with C6 or more of the alkyl carbon chain
5) Alkylacrylate with C6 or more of the alkyl carbon chain and less than 50% (the weight ratio of monomers) of other monomers
6) a Third monomer (less than 20% by weight ratio of monomers)added in system of monomers according to 1)-5).
Cationic surfactants are the property shall nd another class of active substances for fabric care suitable for use in the present invention. Examples of the cationic surfactants having the formula
been disclosed in US 2005/0164905, where R1and R2individually selected from the group consisting of C1-C4of alkyl, C1-C4hydroxyalkyl, benzyl, and -(CnH2nO)xH where x has a value from 2 to 5; and n has value of 1-4; and X denotes an anion;
R3and R4each denote C8-C22alkyl or (2) R3represents C8-C22alkyl, and R4selected from the group consisting of C1-C10of alkyl, C1-C10hydroxyalkyl, benzyl, -(CnH2nO)xH where x has a value from 2 to 5; and n has value of 1-4.
Other preferred agent, providing beneficial effects of fabric care, are fatty acids. When applied to tissue, fatty acids or their Soaps provide the effect of fabric care (softness, shape retention) subjected to washing fabrics. Suitable fatty acids (or soap = soap alkali metals such as sodium, potassium, ammonium and alkylammonium salts of fatty acids) are higher fatty acids containing from about 8 to about 24 carbon atoms, more preferably from about 12 to about 18 carbon atoms. Soap can be is Holocene direct saponification of fats and oils or by the neutralization of free fatty acids. Particularly suitable are the sodium and potassium salts of the mixtures of fatty acids isolated from coconut oil and animal fat, i.e. sodium or potassium tallow and coconut soap. Fatty acids may be natural or synthetic origin, saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched chain.
Means to improve the deposition
Used here meaning "means to improve the deposition" refers to any cationic polymer, or a combination of cationic polymers, which significantly improves the deposition of the agent providing the beneficial effect of fabric care, fabric during washing. Effective means to improve the deposition, preferably, have a strong binding ability with respect to water-insoluble agents for textile care through physical forces, such as van-der Waals forces or non-covalent chemical bonds such as hydrogen bonds and/or ionic bonds. Preferably, they have a very high affinity to fibers of natural fabrics, especially cotton.
Preferably, the means to improve the deposition is a cationic or amphoteric polymer. Amphoteric polymers according to the present invention will also have a total cationic charge, i.e. the total cationic charge of such polymers will be excellent is to enhance their overall anionic charge. The cationic charge density of the polymer is in the range from about 0.05 milliequivalents/g to about 6 milliequivalents/, the charge Density calculated by dividing the total number of charges on a recurring element in the molecular weight of the repeating unit. In one embodiment, the charge density varies from about 0.1 milliequivalents/g to about 3 milliequivalents/, Positive charges can be in the main chain of the polymer or in the side chains of the polymers.
Non-limiting examples of means for improving the deposition, are cationic polysaccharides, chitosan and its derivatives and cationic synthetic polymers. Particularly preferred agents, improving deposition, which are selected from the group consisting of cationic hydroxyethyl cellulose, cationic starch, cationic derivatives of the guar resin and mixtures thereof.
Commercially available ethers, cellulose type of structural formula I include polymer JR 30M, JR 400, JR 125, LR 400 and LK 400, all manufactured by Amerchol Corporation (Edgewater, NJ), and Celquat H200 and Celquat L-200, available from the company National Starch and Chemical Company (Bridgewater, NJ). Cationic starches are commercially available from the company National Starch and Chemical Company under the trade name Cato. Examples of cationic Gurovich gums are Jaguar Cl3 and Jaguar Excel, available from the company Rhodia, Inc. (Cranburry, NJ). Non-limiting examples of site is titeling polymers in accordance with the present invention include copolymers, contains:
a) a cationic monomer selected from the group consisting of N,N-dialkylaminoalkyl, N,N-dialkylaminoalkyl, N,N-dialkylacrylamide, N,N-dialkylaminoalkyl, their stereoselectivity derivatives, vinylamine and its derivatives, allylamine and its derivatives, vinylimidazole, and stereoselectivity of vinylimidazole and diallyldimethylammonium chloride.
b) and a second monomer selected from the group consisting of acrylamide (AM), N,N-dialkylacrylamide, methacrylamide, N,N-dialkylacrylamide, C1-C12 of alkylacrylate, C1-C12 of hydroxyethylacrylate, C1-C12 of hydroxyethylmethacrylate, C1-C12 alkylmethacrylamide, C1-C12 of hydroxyethylmethacrylate, vinyl acetate, vinyl alcohol, vinylformamide, vinylacetate, simple vinylalcohol ether, vinylboronate and their derivatives and mixtures.
The most preferred polymers are poly(acrylamide-co-diallyldimethylammonium chloride), poly(acrylamide-methacrylamide-ammonium chloride), poly(acrylamide-co-N,N-dimethylaminoethyl-methacrylate), poly(acrylamide-co-N,N-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate), poly-(hydroxyethylacrylate-with-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate), poly(hydroxypropyl-acrylate-co-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate), poly(hydroxypropylamino-with-methacrylamidoethylene chloride).
The rheology modifier
In preferably the m version of the present invention the composition comprises a rheology modifier. The rheology modifier selected from the group consisting of polimernyh crystalline hydroxyquinoline materials, polymeric rheology modifiers that give the ability to liquefied shear compositions with aqueous liquid matrix. Such rheology modifiers, preferably, are materials that give the water a liquid composition viscosity at high shear rate 20 s-1at 21°C, equal to from 1 to 1500 CPS, and the viscosity at low shear rate (0.05 s-1at 21°C), equal to more than 5000 SP. Viscosity in accordance with the present invention is measured by using a rheometer AR 550 manufactured by TA Instruments using spindle heavy steel, 40 mm diameter and a gap size of 500 μm. The viscosity at high shear rate 20 s-1and the viscosity at a low shear rate of 0.5-1can be determined by a logarithmic curve of the shear rate from 0.1-1up to 25-13 minutes at 21°C. the Crystalline hydroxyquinoline materials are rheology modifiers, which form thread-like structuring system inside the matrix composition in the in situ crystallization in the matrix. Polymer rheology modifiers, preferably, are selected from polyacrylates, polymeric resins, other nasality polysaccharides, and combinations of these poly is hernych materials.
Typically, the rheology modifier will be from 0.01% to 1 wt.%, preferably, from 0.05% to 0.75 wt.%, more preferably, from 0.1% to 0.5 wt.%, the compositions of the present invention.
The rheology modifier compositions of the present invention is used to obtain a matrix, which is "razzhizhayuschiesya shear". Razzhizhayuschiesya shear fluid is a liquid, the viscosity of which decreases with application to fluid shear stress. Thus, in the rest state, i.e. during storage or transportation of product, liquid detergent, liquid matrix composition should have a relatively high viscosity. However, under the application of a composition, shear loads, for example, during the pouring or extruding the composition from its container, the viscosity of the matrix should be reduced to such an extent that it was possible to easily carry out the dispensing of liquid product.
The materials that form razzhizhayuschiesya shear fluid when combined with water or other aqueous liquids, in General, known in the art. Such materials can be selected for use in the compositions of the present invention, provided that they can be used to form the aqueous liquid matrix having the above rheological characteristics.
One of the types of structures is arousih agents, especially suitable for use in the compositions of the present invention, contains polimernye (except the usual alkoxysilane) crystal hydroxyquinoline materials that can form thread-like structuring system within a liquid matrix during crystallization in the matrix in situ. Such materials can be in General described as crystalline hydroxycobalamin fatty acids, esters of fatty acids or fatty wax.
Specific examples of preferred crystalline hydroxyl-containing rheology modifiers include castor oil and its derivatives. Especially preferred are derivatives of hydrogenated castor oil, such as hydrogenated castor oil and wax based on hydrogenated castor oil. Commercially available crystalline hydroxycobalamin rheology modifiers based on castor oil include THIXCIN®the company Rheox, Inc. (now Elementis).
Alternative commercially available materials suitable for use as a crystalline hydroxyl-containing rheology modifiers are materials of the above Formula III. An example of a rheology modifier of this type is 1,4-di-O-benzyl-D-threitol in R,R - and S,S-forms and any mixtures possess is their optical activity or not.
Such preferred crystalline hydroxycobalamin rheology modifiers and their introduction into water razzhizhayuschiesya shear matrix is described in more detail in U.S. patent No. 6080708 and in PCT publication no WO 02/40627.
Suitable polymeric rheology modifiers include materials such as polyacrylate, polysaccharide or polysaccharide derivative. Polysaccharide derivatives, typically used as rheology modifiers contain materials polymer resins. Such resins include pectin, alginate, arabinogalactan (gum Arabic), carrageenan, Gellan gum, xanthan gum and guar gum.
Other alternative and suitable rheology modifier is a combination of solvent and polycarboxylate polymer. More specifically, the solvent preferably is alkalophiles. More preferably, the solvent is diprophylline. Preferably, polycarboxylate polymer is a polyacrylate, polymethacrylate or mixtures thereof. The solvent is preferably present in an amount of from 0.5 to 15%, preferably from 2 to 9% of the composition. Polycarboxylate polymer is preferably present in an amount of from 0.1 to 10%, more preferably from 2 to 5% of the composition. Component solvent preferably contains a mixture of dipropyleneglycol and 1,2-probandi the La. The ratio of dipropyleneglycol to 1,2-propane diol, preferably, ranges from 3:1 to 1:3, more preferably, preferably, 1:1. Polyacrylate, preferably is a copolymer of unsaturated mono - or dicarboxylic acid and 1-30C Olkiluoto complex ester of (meth)acrylic acid. In another preferred embodiment, the rheology modifier is a polyacrylate, unsaturated mono - or dicarboxylic acid and 1-30C Olkiluoto complex ester of (meth)acrylic acid. Such copolymers are available from the company a Noveon Inc. under the trademark Carbopol Aqua 30.
Additive to enhance the cleansing action
The compositions of the present invention may optionally contain additives to enhance the cleaning action. Suitable additives to enhance the washing steps described below.
Suitable polycarboxylate additives to enhance the washing steps include cyclic compounds, particularly alicyclic compounds, such as described in U.S. patent 3923679; 3835163; 4158635; 4120874 and 4102903.
Other suitable additives to enhance the washing steps include hydroxypolycarboxylic ethers, copolymers of maleic anhydride with ethylene or vinylmation simple ether, 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-2,4,6-trisulfonic acid and carboxymethylcysteine acid, the various alkali metal salts, AMM is occurring and substituted ammonium polixeni acids, such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, nitrilotriacetic acid, and polycarboxylate, such as malletova acid, succinic acid, accidentally acid, primulina acid, benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, carboxymethylcysteine acid and its soluble salts.
Citrate supplements to enhance the washing steps, for example, citric acid and its soluble salts (particularly sodium salt), are polycarboxylate additives to enhance the cleansing action of particular importance for the compositions of liquid detergent designed for washing heavily soiled items, due to their availability from renewable sources and biodegradibility. Oxidisability are also particularly suitable for use in such compositions and combinations.
Also suitable for liquid compositions of the present invention are the 3,3-dicarboxy-4-oxa-1,6-hexandiol and related compounds disclosed in U.S. patent 4566984, Bush, issued on January 28, 1986 Suitable additives to enhance the cleansing action on the basis of succinic acid include C5-C20 alkyl and alkenylamine acids and their salts. Especially preferred compound of this type is dodecanesian acid. Specific examples succinate additives to enhance the washing steps include: Lau is isoclinal, ministranci.net, polymethylacrylate, 2-dodecenylsuccinic (is preferred), 2-pentadecanolide etc. Laurylamine are the preferred additives to enhance the cleansing action of this group and are described in EP-A-0200263, published November 5, 1986
Specific examples of nitrogen-containing and not containing phosphorus of aminocarboxylate include ethylenediaminetetra acid and its salts (ethylenediaminedisuccinate, EDDS), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and its salts (ethylenediaminetetraacetate, EDTA), and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid and its salts (diethylenetriaminepentaacetate, DTPA).
Other suitable polycarboxylate disclosed in U.S. patent 4144226, Crutchfield et al., issued March 13, 1979, and in U.S. patent 3308067, Diehl, issued March 7, 1967 Cm. also Diehl, U.S. patent 3723322. Such materials include water-soluble salts of Homo - and copolymers of aliphatic carboxylic acids, such as maleic acid, taconova acid, musicanova acid, fumaric acid, konitova acid, Tarakanova acid and metromanila acid.
The bleach system, suitable for use in the present invention contains one or more bleaching agents. Non-limiting examples of suitable bleaching agents are selected from the group consisting of catalytic metal complexes is low, activated sources of peroxides, bleach activators, enhancers steps of the bleachers, fotohuvilistele, bleaching enzymes, the initiators of free radicals and hypohalite (hyohalite) bleach.
Suitable activated sources peroxides include, without limitation, pre-prepared nagkalat, the source of hydrogen peroxide in combination with a bleach activator, or a mixture. Suitable pre-prepared nagkalat include, without limitation, compounds selected from the group consisting of percarbonic acids and salts, Naugolnykh acids and salts, primidolol and salts peroxymonosulfuric acids and salts, and mixtures thereof. Suitable sources of hydrogen peroxide include, without limitation, compounds selected from the group consisting of perborate compounds, percarbonate compounds, perphosphate compounds and their mixtures. Suitable types and levels of activated sources of peroxides are described in U.S. patent No. 5576282, 6306812 and 6326348.
The solvent system
The system solvent in the compositions of the present invention may be a solvent system containing only water or a mixture of organic solvents with water. Preferred organic solvents include 1,2-propandiol, ethanol, glycerin, dipropyleneglycol, methylprop the diol and mixtures thereof. Can also be used other lower alcohols, C1-C4 alkanolamine, such as monoethanolamine and triethanolamine. The solvent system may be missing, for example, in anhydrous solid versions of the invention, but more typically they are present in amounts in the range from about 0.1% to about 98%, preferably from at least about 10% to about 95%, more typically, from about 25% to about 75%.
Substantive and temporary colours fabrics
Dyes are typically classified as either acidic, basic, reactive, disperse, direct, VAT, sulphur or solvent dyes, etc. for the purposes of the present invention are preferred direct dyes, acid dyes and reactive dyes, and most preferred are direct dyes. Direct dyes are a group of water-soluble dyes, which are directly applied to the fiber from an aqueous solution containing an electrolyte, presumably due to selective adsorption. System color index (in Color Index)direct dyes belong to different planar, highly conjugated molecular structures that contain one or more anionic sulphonate groups. Acid dyes are a group of water-soluble anionic dyes, which nanosats is from acid solution. Reactive dyes are a group of dyes containing reactive group capable of forming covalent bonds with certain parts of molecules of natural or synthetic fibers. From the point of view of chemical structure, suitable substantive dyes for fabrics that can be used according to the present invention, can be an azo compounds, stilbene, oxazine and phthalocyanines.
Suitable substantive dyes for fabrics that can be used in the present invention include substances listed in the Color Index as direct violet dyes, direct blue dyes, acid violet dyes, acid blue dyes.
In one preferred embodiment, substantive dye for fabrics is an sopranos violet 99, also known as dye DV99 having the following formula:
In the compositions of the present invention can be temporary colours. It was found that these dyes show good efficacy coloring during the wash cycle without excessive unwanted accumulation during washing. Tint dye is included in the detergent composition for washing in a quantity sufficient to provide EF is known coloring fabric, subjected to washing in a solution containing detergent. In one embodiment, the composition comprises, by weight, from about 0,0001% to approximately 0.05%, more specifically from about 0,001% to about 0.01 percent, tinting dye.
Examples of dyes according to the invention, showing a combination of effective coloring and size of washing when washing include certain triarylmethane blue and violet basic dyes, methine blue and violet basic dyes, antrahinonovye dyes, antrahinonovye dyes basic blue 35 and 80 primary blue, azo dyes basic blue 16, basic blue 65, basic blue 66, basic blue 67, basic blue 71, basic blue 159, basic violet 19, basic violet 35, basic violet 38, basic violet 48, oxazine dyes basic blue 3, basic blue 75, basic blue 95, basic blue 122, basic blue 124, basic blue 141, Nile blue a and xanthene dye basic violet 10, and mixtures thereof.
The encapsulated composition
The compositions of the present invention can be encapsulated in a water soluble film. Water-soluble film may be made of polyvinyl alcohol or other suitable options, carboxymethyl cellulose, cellulose derivatives, starch, modified starch, sugar is, PEG, waxes, or combinations thereof.
In another embodiment, water-soluble materials may contain other additives, such as a copolymer of vinyl alcohol and a carboxylic acid. U.S. patent 7022656 B2 (Monosol) describes such compositions of the films and their benefits. One of the useful effects of such copolymers is improved shelf life detergents bags due to the improved compatibility with detergents. Another advantage of these films is their improved solubility in cold water (below 10°C). In the case of their presence, the content of copolymer in the material of the foil is at least 60 wt.% from the film. The polymer can have any mass-average molecular weight, preferably, from 1000 daltons to 1,000,000 daltons, more preferably from 10,000 daltons to 300,000 daltons, even more preferably from 15,000 daltons to 200,000 daltons, most preferably from 20,000 daltons to 150,000 daltons. Preferably, the copolymer is present in the film, is hydrolyzed from 60% to 98%, more preferably hydrolyzed from 80% to 95%, to improve the dissolution of the material. In a very preferred embodiment, the copolymer contains from 0.1 mol.% up to 30 mol.%, preferably, from 1 mol.% up to 6 mol.%, the specified carboxylic acid.
Water-soluble film of the present invention can provide the further contain additional comonomers. Suitable further comonomers include sulfonates and ethoxylates. An example of a preferred sulfonic acid is 2-acrylamide-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid (AMPS). Water-soluble film suitable for use in the context of the present invention is commercially available under the trademark M8630™ from the company Mono-Sol (Indiana, US). Water-soluble film of the present invention may also contain ingredients other than the polymer or polymeric material. For example, it may be useful to add plasticizers, such as glycerol, ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, propane diol, 2-methyl-1,3-propane diol, sorbitol and their mixtures, additional water, a means of accelerating the destruction, fillers, protivovspenivayushchie agents, emulsifying/dispersing agents and/or antiadhesion. It may be useful to the bag itself or the water-soluble film contains an additive having detergent action that is intended for delivery to the wash water, for example, organic polymeric soil release agents, dispersants, inhibitors of migration of the dye. Optionally, the surface of the film which is used to make the bag may be covered by finely divided powder to reduce friction. Examples of suitable highly dispersed powders are aluminosilicate of sodium, ICSID silicon, talc and amylose.
The encapsulated packets of the present invention can be manufactured using any conventional known methods. More preferably, the bags are made using the method of thermoforming with horizontal forms.
Examples of other suitable supporting materials for purification include, without limitation, alkoxysilane benzoic acid or their salts, such as trimethoxybenzoic acid or its salt (TMWA); stabilization system enzymes; delanty, including aminocarboxylate, aminophosphonate, nitrogen-free phosphonates, and besfosfatnye and biscarboxyethyl Galanti; inorganic additives to enhance the cleaning action, including inorganic additives to enhance the cleaning action, such as zeolites, and water-soluble organic additives to enhance the cleaning action, such as polyacrylates, acrylate/maleate copolymers and the like, agents for binding impurities, including fixing agents for anionic dyes, complexing agents for anionic surfactants, and mixtures thereof; gas-forming system containing hydrogen peroxide and catalase; optical brighteners or phosphors; soil release polymers; dispersants; defoamers; dyes; colorants; salt-fillers, which as sodium sulfate; hydrotropes, such as toluensulfonate, kumulantami and naphthalenesulfonate; photoactivity; hydrolyzable surfactants; preservatives; antioxidants; antishrink agents; agents against crushing; germicide; fungicides; color sequins; colored beads, spheres or extrudates; sunscreen; fluorinated compounds; clay; luminescent agents or chemiluminescent agents; anti-corrosion agents and/or agents to protect household appliances; sources of alkalinity or other agents to adjust pH; solubilizing agents; processing AIDS; pigments; traps free radicals, and mixtures thereof. Suitable materials include are described in U.S. patents№5705464, 5710115, 5698504, 5695679, 5686014 and 5646101. The additive mix - a Mixture of the above components can be prepared in any proportions.
Preparation of a composition
The compositions of the present invention can be prepared by mixing the ingredients and add a pearlescent agent. However, if you are using a rheology modifier, it is preferable to first prepare a premix in which the rheology modifier dispersed in parts of water, which should be included in the finished composition. This premix is prepared so that it contained a structured liquid.
Such structureyou the resultant premix may then be added, when mixing the premix surface-active substance (matter) and basic auxiliary materials for washing, along with water and other optional additives for detergent compositions, which should be used. Can be used in any convenient order of addition of these materials or, respectively, the simultaneous addition of such components of the composition to the premix. The resulting combination of structured premix with the other components of the composition forms an aqueous liquid matrix to which is added pearlescent agent.
In a particularly preferred embodiment, using a crystalline hydroxyl-containing structure-forming agent can be used following steps to activate the structure-forming agent:
1) Preparing a premix by combining crystalline hydroxyl-stabilizing agent, preferably in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5 wt.% from premix with water, which is at least 20 wt.% from the premix, and one or more surface-active substances, which should be used in the composition and, optionally, any salts that must be included in the detergent composition.
2) the Premix prepared in stage 1), heated to a temperature above the point PL is the exercise crystalline hydroxyl-containing structure-forming agent.
3) the Heated premix prepared in stage 2), is cooled, while stirring the mixture to ambient temperature, to the mixture formed filamentary structure of the system.
4) Other components of the detergent composition separately mixed in any order with the rest of the amount of water to obtain the result, separate the mixture.
5) Structured premix on stage 3 and separate the mixture according to stage 4 then unite under stirring with the formation of the structured aqueous liquid matrix, which will be introduced visually excellent beads.
The following non-limiting examples illustrate the present invention. The percentages are given by weight, unless otherwise indicated.
|C14-15 alkylphenolethoxylate (8)||the 4.7||the 4.7|
|C12-14 alkylphenolethoxylate (3) sulfate, Na-salt||2,3||2,3|
|C12 linear alkylbenzenesulfonate acid||7,0||7,0|
|C12-14 alkylphenolethoxylate (7)/td>||0,3||0,3|
|C12-18 fatty acid||2,6||2,6|
|Pectawash (20 mg/d)||0,10||0,10|
|Ethoxysulfuron hexamethylenediamine were, quatern.2||1,2||1,2|
|Structure-forming agent on the basis of hydrogenerating castor m the ultralights||0,4||0,4|
|NaOH||up to pH 8.1||up to pH 8.1|
|Oxychloride of bismuth3||0,14||-|
|Water + minor additives (flavorings, dyes, defoamers, bleaches)||up to 100%||up to 100%|
|1Protease In EP 251446|
|2Lutensit Z manufactured by BASF|
|3Biron Silver CO (70% am (active substance)) manufactured by Merck|
|4Prestige Silk Silver Star production is tion company Eckart Pigments KY (100% am)|
|C12-15 alkylphenolethoxylate (1.8) sulfate, Na-salt||20||20||20||20|
|C12-15 alkylphenolethoxylate (3.0) sulfate, Na-salt||12||12||12||12|
|C12-14 alkylphenolethoxylate (7)||1,9||0,3||1,9||0,3||1,9||0,3||1,9||0,3|
|C12 linear alkylbenzenesulfonate acid||2,9||2,9||2,9||2,9|
|C12-alkyl, N,N,N-ammonium chloride||2,2||2,2||2,2||2,2|
|C12-18 fatty acids||7,4||5,0||7,4||5,0||7,4||5,0||7,4||5,0|
|Hydroxyethylidene 1,1-diphosphonic acid||0,25||-||0,25||-||0,25||-||0,25|
|TRANS-sulfonated ethoxylated hexamethylenediamine were, quatern.||1,9||1,9||1,9||1,9|
|Pectawash (20 mg/d)||0,1||-||0,1||-||0,1||-||0,1||-|
|1,2-propandiol||1,7||the 3.8||1,7||the 3.8||1,7||the 3.8||1,7||the 3.8|
|Hydrogenomonas castor oil||0,1||-||0,1||-||0,1||-||0,1||-|
|Pearlescent agent (mica)||0,1||0,05||0,1||0,05||0,1||0,05||0,1||0,05|
|The photosensitive dye (e.g., acid blue 1)||0,001||0,0005||0,0015||-||-||0,001||0,001||-|
|NaOH||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0|
|1Polyethylenimine polymer aminirovanie acetic acid, manufactured by BASF.|
|2Protease In EP 251446.|
|3Simple silicone polyester, commercially available from Dow Corning.|
|4Polydimethylsiloxane emulsion available from Dow Corning.|
|C12-15 alkylphenolethoxylate (1.8) sulfate, Na-salt||20||20||20||20|
|C12-15 alkylphenolethoxylate (3.0) sulfate, Na-salt||-||-||-||-|
|C12-14 alkylphenolethoxylate (7)||0,3||0,3||0,3||0,3|
|C12 linear alkylbenzenesulfonate acid||-||-||-||-|
|C12-alkyl, N,N,N-ammonium chloride||2,2||2,2||2,2||2,2|
|C12-18 fatty acids||5,0||5,0||5,0||5,0|
|Hydroxyethylidene 1,1-diphosphonic acid||-||-||-||-|
|TRANS-sulfonated ethoxylated hexamethylenediamine were, quatern.||-||-||-||-|
|Lupasol SK (I)||-||-||-||3,0|
|1,2-propandiol||the 3.8||the 3.8||the 3.8||the 3.8|
|Aroma is congestion||0,6||0,6||0,6||0,6|
|Hydrogenomonas castor oil||0,2||0,2||0,2||0,1|
|Pearlescent agent (mica)||0,05||0,05||0,05||0,05|
|PP 5495 (3)||-||6,0||-||-|
|DC 1664 (4)||-||-||6,0||6,0|
|The photosensitive dye (e.g., acid blue 1)||0,0005||-||0,001||0,0015|
|NaOH||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0||to pH 8.0|
It should be understood that every maximum numerical limit given in this description, includes all of the smaller value of the numerical range, as if such lower numerical value limits are clearly stated here. Each minimum numerical limit given in this description, includes all large largest numerical range, as if such large largest numerical limits are clearly stated here. Each interval of the numerical values given in this description, includes each narrower interval of numerical values within this broader interval of numerical values, as if such narrower intervals of numerical values were directly specified here.
The size and the values disclosed here should not be understood as being strictly limited to the exact given numerical values. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension shall be defined as the present value, and is functionally equivalent to an interval around this value. For example, the size, disclosed as "40 mm"must mean "about 40 mm".
The ability Biron to reduce the sensitivity of the enzymes to the light
The level of technology
Components such as bismuth oxychloride (Biron Silver CO, 70% dispersion of bismuth oxychloride in castor oil, the former Merck) provide an excellent "pearl" aesthetic properties in HDL. Such aesthetic properties can enhance FMOT, especially when placing liquid detergent in a transparent/translucent packaging.
HDL typically contains various kinds of enzymes, one of the main workers of the ingredients important to remove stains. It is known that enzymes are sensitive to light and can easily disintegrate when they are in transparent/translucent bottles.
To assess the ability Biron to improve the stability of enzymes after exposure to light
Biron able to slow down the negative effect of light on the stability of enzymes (FNA, natalise, termamyl).
- Measurement of resistance is lermentov (FNA, natalise, termamyl) in samples of HDL (Ariel Liquid DoX6) w/wo Biron (0,14%) after exposure to light for a certain period of time).
- Exactly the same products, but foil-wrapped A1, investigated simultaneously to test the effects of temperature on the stability of enzymes.
|Conditions: T=30°C||Time: 0 hours, 5 hours, 10 hours, 20 hours, 50 hours|
|Power: 40 W/m2||No. of product: 90 grams in a glass vial 100 ml|
- Biron slows the breakdown of FNA and amylase (natalise+termamyl), but not completely prevents the collapse in case of too long exposure to light.
Note: the FE Protocol 49 hours with a capacity of 40 W/m2and at a temperature of 40°C is correlated with a 3-month window of exposure (Brussels daylight).
Data on resistance enzymes
|Resistance FNA||Resistance amylase|
|Product||5 h||10 h||20 h||50 h||5 h||10 h||20 h||50 h|
|DoX6 (Biron none)||88||85||76||65||81||76||67||58|
|DoX6 (0.14% of Biron)||89||87||83||64||80||79||73||59|
|DoX6 (Biron none)||97||96||95||94||99||98||95||91|
|DoX6 (0.14% of Biron)||97||96||94||95||100||98||97||93|
1. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing, containing more than about 5% anionic surfactants, less than about 25% non-ionic surfactants, the photosensitive ingredient and an inorganic pearlescent agent.
2. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains more than about 10% anionic surfactant.
3. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that the anionic surfactant selected from surfactants, representing a linear or branched C12-C20 alkylsulfate, alkylalkoxy is, preferably, ethoxy - or propoxy-, sulfate or mixtures thereof.
4. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for stirk who according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains less than 15% non-ionic surfactant, more preferably less than 12%.
5. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that the photosensitive ingredient selected from the group consisting of amylase, protease enzyme, the enzyme carbohydrate, enzyme lipase, coloring agent, flavoring and combinations thereof.
6. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 3, characterized in that the photosensitive ingredient selected from the group consisting of enzymes, dyes, vitamins, flavors and mixtures thereof.
7. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, wherein the pearlescent agent is selected from the group consisting of mica, mica coated with metal oxide, mica coated with bismuth oxychloride, bismuth oxychloride, glass and glass coated with metal oxide and mixtures thereof.
8. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, wherein the pearlescent agent is selected from the group consisting of mica, titanium oxide coated mica, iron oxide coated mica, bismuth oxychloride, and mixtures thereof.
9. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, wherein the pearlescent agent Pris is tstuat in the amount of from 0.02 to 0.2 wt.% song.
10. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, wherein the pearlescent agent has an average particle size of from 0.1 to 50 μm.
11. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, wherein the pearlescent agent is lamellar or spherical geometry.
12. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that the composition has a viscosity of from 1 to 1500 MPa·s at 20-1and 20°C.
13. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the difference between the refractive indices (ΔN) of the medium in which the suspended pearlescent agent, and a pearlescent agent is more than 0.02.
14. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that the composition has a turbidity of more than 5 and less than 3000 NTU.
15. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises a viscosity modifier selected from the modifier that imparts the ability to liquefied shear, so that the composition had a viscosity at high shear rate 20 s-1and 21°C, equal to from 1 to 1500 CPS, and the viscosity at a low shear rate of 0.05-1and 21°C, equal to more than 5000 SP.
16. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition medium spans the VA for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises an agent that provides the beneficial effect of fabric care when washing, selected from the group consisting of cationic surfactants, silicones, polyolefin waxes, latex, oil derivatives sugars, cationic polysaccharides, polyurethanes and mixtures thereof.
17. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that the composition is enclosed within a water soluble film.
18. Pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1, characterized in that the composition is Packed in a transparent or translucent outer packaging.
19. Method of washing fabrics, which use the pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing according to claim 1.
20. Method for improving stability of light-sensitive ingredients in the pearlescent liquid detergent composition for washing, containing more than about 5% anionic surfactants, less than about 25% non-ionic surfactants and the photosensitive ingredient comprising a stage on which type of inorganic pearlescent agent in said liquid detergent composition for washing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil-containing starch granules for delivering perfume oil as beneficial effect endowing additives to a substrate, containing: (a) starch in amount which forms an effective matrix for said granules; (b) perfume oil containing ingredients with Clog P equal to at least 3; and (c) an effective amount of an amidoamine compound for inhibiting migration of said oil to the surface of the said starch granules, said compound has the following structure: (I) or (II), where radicals are described in the claim separately for each structure. The invention also relates to a method of producing oil-containing starch granules, comprising the following steps: (a) preparing a dispersion of starch in water to form a starch suspension; (b) melting an effective amount of the amidoamine compound of structure (I) or (II) to obtain a molten amidoamine compound; (c) adding perfume oil to the molten amidoamine compound from step (b) to obtain a solution of the amidoamine compound in perfume oil; (d) adding the solution from step (c) to the starch suspension from step (a); (e) homogenisation of the obtained suspension by mixing to obtain a homogeneous mixture; and (f) spray drying the said homogeneous mixture to obtain oil-containing starch granules. The invention also relates to a method of washing fabric, comprising the following steps: (a) preparation of an aqueous solution containing an effective amount of the oil-containing starch granules in claim 1 or 2, and (b) bringing the fabric to be washed into contact with the aqueous solution from step (a). The invention also pertains to a laundry detergent composition containing: (a) at least one surfactant; and (b) an effective amount of oil-containing starch granules.
EFFECT: prolonged existence of the aromatising agent in the substrate owing to inhibition of migration of perfume oil to the surface during laundry.
7 cl, 5 tbl
SUBSTANCE: system for delivering fragrant substances includes water-insoluble carrier particles contained at the surface of silanol groups. At least some of the said silanol groups are substituted with organic residues through inoculation of at least one organosilicon compound, and at least some of the said organic residues contain positively charged functional groups, including a positively charged alkylated nitrogen atom. The system also includes an aromatising agent adsorbed or absorbed in the said carrier particles. The carrier particles preferably include silicon dioxide, silicate, aluminium silicate or their mixture. Also described is a method of making a system for delivering fragrant substances. A fabric softening composition includes the system for delivering fragrant substances and one or more active quaternaryammonia compounds for softening fabrics. The washing composition contains the system for delivering fragrant substances and one more surfactants.
EFFECT: increased intensity and strength of fragrance with smaller amount of fragrant substances in the washing composition.
18 cl, 4 tbl, 14 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for delivering fragrant substances. A system is proposed for delivering fragrant substances, containing water insoluble carrier particles, containing silanol groups on the surface, on which an organic-silicon compound is grafted, a polymer which contains positively charged functional groups, added to the said carrier particles, and a fragrant substance adsorbed on the said carrier particles or absorbed in the said carrier particles. A method is proposed for making the said system for delivering fragrant substances, as well as a fabric softening composition and washing agent, each of which includes the proposed delivery of fragrant substances.
EFFECT: design of an efficient system for delivering fragrant substances, which give fabrics, treated with compositions with the said delivery system, a strong fragrance.
20 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns technical detergents, particularly pelletised car glass cleansing agent, mainly for windshields. Agent includes, wt %: sodium-(alpha)-olefin-sulfonate 15-25, citric acid monohydrate 15-25, oxidised sodium carbonate 25-45, ether oil or mix of ether oils 0.1-0.3, sodium sulfate is the rest.
EFFECT: enhanced cleaning effect, reduced consumption of detergent solution.
3 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to a class of precursor compounds of aromatising agents, which consist of one or more compounds, obtained from reaction of X-OH and aldehyde or ketone. The above mentioned precursor compounds of aromatising agents have formula X-O-C(R)(R*)(OR**), in which R represents a C6-24alkyl group, C6-24arakyl group or C6-24alkaryl group; R* represents H or C6-24alkylene group, C6-24aralkyl group or C6-24alkaryl group; R** represents H or X; X-O represents a group, a derivative of X-OH, and where X-OH represents a fabric softener based on di(fatty)amidoamines. In the second aspect the invention pertains to the method of obtaining such precursors. The invention also relates to obtaining compositions and products, such as washing powder, fabric softeners, perfume additives or high quality aromatising agents, personal hygiene product and oral care product or product for caring for solid surfaces.
EFFECT: obtaining composition for production of precursor compounds of aromatising agents, with prolonged release of the aromatising agents.
20 cl, 2 ex, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: granules of odorant as component of detergent composition include from 2.5 to 5% wt, magnesium stearate at a rate per component weight before addition of magnesium stearate. Hydroscopocity value of component, without magnesium stearate, is at least 2%, preferably higher than 10%, the most preferably higher than 25%. Magnesium stearate is powder-like and forms layer on component surface. Average particle size of magnesium stearate is from 0.1 to 500 mcm, preferably from 1 to 200 mcm, more preferably from 2 to 100 mkm, the most preferably from 3 to 50 mcm or even from 3 to 20 mcm. Odorant granules include maltose and poly(butyl methacrylate).
EFFECT: improvement of composition fluidity, reduction of caking when storing.
4 cl, 3 tbl, 11 ex
FIELD: organic chemistry, perfumery.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an aromatizing composition containing at least compound of the formula (I): as an active component wherein values w, m, P, X, G, Q and n are given in claim 1 of the invention description, and one or more aromatizing component. Also, invention relates to a method for improving, enhancing or modifying odor, to a method for aromatizing surface, method for enhancing or prolonging the diffusion effect of component on surface and to novel compounds of the formula (I) with exception of compounds enumerated in claim 10 of the invention description and to invention relating to aromatizing article using compounds of the formula (I).
EFFECT: valuable cosmetic properties of compounds.
13 cl, 14 ex
FIELD: organic chemistry, cosmetics.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel compounds of the formula (I) , wherein a dotted line means a bond or it absent and wherein R1 means: -when a dotted line as a bond is absent: -CHCH3OH or -CHCH3OCOR or -CHCH3XCH2CHOHR' or -CHCH3OCHR'CH2OH or ; -when a dotted line is absent: , -CHCH3OH, -CHCH3OCOR, -COCH3, -CHCH3XCH2CHOHR', -CH2CH2XCH2CHOHR', -CHCH3OCHR'CH2OH, -CHCHCOR', -CHCH2CHR'OH, -CH2CHCHR'OCOR, -CHCHCHOHR' or -CHCHCHR'OCOR wherein R means H, Me, Et, Pr, isoPr, But, isoBut, -CH3(CH2)4, -(CH3)2CHCH2, -CH2=CH or -(CH3)2C=CH; R' means H, Me or Et; X means O, N or S atoms. Owing to their odor proposed compounds can be used in perfume industry, cosmetics and care substances and can be used as aromatizing components for preparing atomatized composition or aromatized article.
EFFECT: valuable properties of compounds.
11 cl, 14 ex
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: textile conditioning agents contain 0.01 to 35% cationic softeners and at least 0.001% specific polymeric thickener, which is prepared by polymerization of 5 to 100 mol % vinyl-addition cationic monomer, 0 to 95 mol % acrylamide, and 70 to 300 ppm cross-linking agent based vinyl-addition bifunctional monomer. When compared to similar compositions containing analogous product obtained via polymerization but utilizing 5 to 45 ppm of cross-linking agent, considerable advantages are achieved.
EFFECT: facilitated transport of odorant contained in softener composition to textiles.
20 cl, 17 dwg, 11 ex
FIELD: organic chemistry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to synthetic fragrant substances, namely to 4-acetyl-4-methylpentanone-2 of the formula (I): . This substance is prepared by condensation of mesityl oxide with thioacetic acid. This substance elicits acute garlic-"sulfurous" odor but in large dilution it shows natural odor of black currant buds and leaves with tints of flowers, greens and herbs. Compound can be used as fragrant and taste-aromatic principle in perfume, cosmetic, liqueur and vodka, food, pharmaceutical, tobacco industry, in wine-making industry, domestic chemistry and others fields.
EFFECT: valuable properties of substance.
SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a composition which contains a fabric toning agent and a bacterial alkaline enzyme which exhibits endo-beta-1,4-glucanase activity (E.C.220.127.116.11). The fabric toning agent meets Testing method 1 requirements given in the description. Described also is a method of cleaning and/or processing a surface or fabric using the said composition.
EFFECT: composition ensures better removal of yellow stains and improved deposit of the agent with improvement of the outer appearance of the fabric.
18 cl, 16 ex
SUBSTANCE: detergent composition contains a surfactant, a temporary colorant and active mother-of-pearl agents, in which: the temporary colorant has colouring efficiency equal to at least 10 and has rinsability index between approximately 30% and approximately 85%; difference between refraction indices of the mother-of-pearl agent and the composition of at least 0.2; the active mother-of-pearl agents have D0.99 less than 40 mcm and is in concentration of 0.01-0.2% of the weight of the composition. The composition contains a rheology modifier selected from modifiers which endow with fluidisation capability when a shear load is applied to the aqueous liquid composition such that the composition has viscosity at high shear load at 20 s-1 and 21°C between 1 and 1500 cP and viscosity at low shear load at 0.05 s-1 and 21°C higher than 5000 cP.
EFFECT: high stability during storage.
19 cl, 14 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a fabric care composition used during washing which contains a thiazole dye, a method of preparing said composition and method of using said composition.
EFFECT: invention provides improved control of fabric colour, including bleaching white fabric, with prevention of considerable accumulation of blue dyes on the fabric.
20 cl, 3 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: cleansing agent contains, % by volume: butyl cellosolve as organic solvent, 1-16; N-methylpyrrolidone as anionic surfactant, 1-10; synthanol or neonol as nonionic surfactant, 1-20; sodium hydroxide, 1-9 (on conversion to active substance); Trilon B, 0.4-0.6; thimol phthaleine, 0.04-0.06; and drinking water, the balance.
EFFECT: enhanced detergent power (especially when reused), enhanced efficiency of washing out at low temperatures (45-55°C), and widened range of washable pollutions.
2 cl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a composition which contains a fabric toning agent and a bacterial alkaline enzyme which exhibits endo-beta-1,4-glucanase activity (E.C.18.104.22.168). The fabric toning agent meets Testing method 1 requirements given in the description. Described also is a method of cleaning and/or processing a surface or fabric using the said composition.
EFFECT: composition ensures better removal of yellow stains and improved deposit of the agent with improvement of the outer appearance of the fabric.
18 cl, 16 ex
SUBSTANCE: cleaning compositions contain organic catalysts having improved enzyme compatibility and having the following formulae: where each R1 independently denotes a branched alkyl group selected from a group comprising 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylnonyl, 2-hexyldecyl, isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentadecyl, or a linear alkyl group containing 11-18 carbon atoms. The composition also contains one or more auxiliary ingredients.
EFFECT: cleaning compositions with efficient bleaching at low water temperature.
15 cl, 16 ex
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a composition which contains lipase, and a bleaching catalyst which can accept an oxygen atom from a peroxy acid and transfer the oxygen atom to an oxidisable substrate.
EFFECT: less bad smell which arises when using lipase enzymes in detergents.
13 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: detergent composition contains a polymer combined with a surfactant or an inorganic detergent component and auxiliary ingredients. The fat purification efficiency index of the detergent composition is at least equal to 10. The polymer is a random grafted copolymer which has a hydrophilic skeleton and hydrophobic side chains, obtained by grafting (a) polyethylene oxide; (b) vinyl ester of acetic and/or propionic acid; and/or C1-4alkyl ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid; and (c) modifying monomers. The detergent compositions preferably additionally contain lipase enzyme.
EFFECT: improved removal of fat contaminants and stains with reduced amounts of conventional surfactants or inorganic detergent components.
22 cl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: compositions contain certain versions of lipase and a photo-bleaching agent based on xanthene dye, a photoinitiator and their mixtures.
EFFECT: more efficient cleaning, leading to minimal undesirable bad smells.
11 cl, 3 tbl, 16 ex