Combining device and method to make it possible for user to select combined content

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: method includes stages of multiple data production on preferences on content, containing the first data on preferences on content of the first user and the second data on preferences on content of the second user, production of dependence data that specifies dependence of the first data on content preferences from the second data on content preferences, and using the specified multiple data on content preferences to select combined content under control of the specified dependence data. The invention also relates to a combining device to make it possible for the first user and the second user to receive the combined content.

EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities through making it possible for one user to give priority to the other user to include a specific content element into combined content.

10 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to a method of providing the first user and the second user to receive the combined content and unifying device for providing the first user and the second user to receive the merged content.

The Article "Virtual Jukebox. Reviving a Classic, C.Drews, F.Pestoni, Proceedings of the 35th HICSS 2002 ("Virtual jukebox. The revival of the classics", SKUs, Preston, reports of the 35th HICSS, 2002), discloses a system for building and using a group profile to automatically select content. The system provides users with the ability to accurately Express their preferences contributions to the songs that must be played, and through the voting system. The system provides distributed storage of music files, connected to a network music player and server for delivery of music files in the player. While the song is playing, users can vote for or against the song. The system collects the voices and builds group profile group representing user preferences. Based on the group profile is adapted or formed a playlist of songs.

When voice users contradictory in respect of played songs, that is, the system accumulates positive and negative is compulsory to vote, group preferences do not provide the ability to exclude from or include in the composition of songs in the playlist. In this situation it is impossible to choose songs based on group preferences, and selecting content to be ineffective.

It is desirable to provide a method which gives the first user and the second user to receive the combined content despite the fact that user preferences are contradictory.

The method comprises the steps:

- obtain many data about the preferences of the content containing the first data about the preferences of the content of the first user and the second data about the preferences of the content of the second user,

- retrieve data dependence, indicating the dependence of the first data about the preferences of the content from the second data about the preferences of the content, and

- use of the many data about the preferences of the content to select the merged content under the control of such data dependencies.

Data about the preferences of the content can reflect the user's preference in regard to content, such as songs and movies, which were presented to the users. In one example, user preferences for content displayed, for example, of the characteristics of TV-viewing user or prehistory SEL is RA TV programs. Preferences for content can also be predetermined in the stereotypical profile of a user. In another example, users are provided with a means for creating and editing data about the preferences of the content manually.

Data dependencies are used when the combined content is selected based on the first and second data about the preferences of the content. For example, data dependencies indicate the manner that the first and second data about the preferences of the content are combined in the combined data about the preferences of the content. The sequence of operations of the combining may include checking whether a particular data item is positive or negative rating in the first and second data about the preferences of the content. In addition, the data dependencies are analyzed to determine the next step. For example, if data dependencies indicate that the positive rating of the particular content item in the second data about the preferences of the content triumphs over any specific rating of the content in the first data about the preferences of the content in the merged data about the preferences for the content, use the rating of a particular item of content from the second data about the preferences of the content. The rating in the first data about the preferences of the content may ignoriraa the change in case if the rating of a particular content item in the first data about the preferences of content is inconsistent in respect thereof from the second data about the preferences of the content. This way, conflicting user ratings are processed so that priority is given to one of the ratings. Undoubtedly, the combined data about the preferences of the content now contain explicit rating for a particular item of content, and the selection of content can be performed explicitly.

Data dependencies can be specified explicitly by the first user in the first data about the preferences of the content, for example, because the first user prefers to use the rating of the second user. In another example, data dependencies can be derived automatically, for example, the volume of user experience when assigning a rating to the content items of a specific genre.

The present invention overcomes the disadvantage of the system known from the article "Virtual Jukebox. Reviving a Classic. In the known system, the combination of positive and negative ratings is a consequence useless overall rating, which is zero. This overall ranking in the combined data about the preferences of the content does not indicate whether any users of a specific item of content. Thus, the con is the specific content item could be neither the first, neither the second user. In contrast, the present invention is, for example, gives one user the ability to give another user priority on the inclusion of specific content item in the merged content. For example, the first data about the preferences of the content and second data about the preferences of the content may include links to each other, to influence the choice of the merged content.

Uniting the device according to the present invention includes a data processor configured for:

- obtain many data about the preferences of the content containing the first data about the preferences of the content of the first user and the second data about the preferences of the content of the second user,

- retrieve data dependence, indicating the dependence of the first data about the preferences of the content from the second data about the preferences of the content, and

- use of the many data about the preferences of the content to select the merged content under the control of such data dependencies.

Unifying device ensures that the first and second data about the preferences of the content is processed using data based, for example, so that the first data about the preferences of the content have some priority in relation to the attachment of the second data about the preferences of the content.

These and other aspects of the invention will be further explained and described as an example with reference to the following drawings:

figure 1 is a functional block diagram of a variant of implementation of the device according to the present invention;

figure 2 - a variant implementation of the method according to the present invention.

The invention can be embodied in a client-server system 100 that contains the server 110 (connecting device) to communicate with the first user device and the second user device 130, as shown in figure 1. In yet another embodiment, the invention is implemented in a distributed system, for example, peer-to-peer network of nodes that contain the first and second user devices, but no separate server, in a client-server system. For example, one of user devices in a distributed system can be configured as a server.

Figure 1 shows a variant implementation of the present invention containing the server 110, the first user device 120, the second user device 130 and database 140 data content.

The base 140 of the data content may be stored audiovisual content in the form of one or more content items that contain audio and/or video data. The expression "audio" or "audio" in the far the Shem is used as the data, related to audio that contains the sound in the audible range, silence, speech, music, peace, external noise or the like. Audio data can be in formats similar to a standard level III, MPEG-1 (mp3) (Expert group on the film image), AVI (intermittent audio and video), WMA (audiomultimedia Windows environment), and so the Expression "video" or "video" is used as the data that are visible, such as a moving image, a still image, Teletext, etc. Video data can be in formats like GIF (graphical format), JPEG (named after the joint group of experts in the field of photography), MPEG-4 and other Text information, for example, can be in ASCII format (American standard code for information interchange), PDF (Adobe Acrobat format), HTML (hypertext markup language). The metadata can be in XML format (extensible markup language), a standard format MPEG7 stored in a database SQL (structured query language) or any other format.

The audiovisual content may be stored in the database 140 of the data content to various media data such as audio or video tape, optical storage disks, such as CD-ROM (permanent memory on compact disk) or DVD (digital multi is clonally disk) floppy or hard disk, and the like, in any format, such as MPEG (Expert group on the film image), MIDI (digital interface musical instruments), Shockwave, QuickTime, WAV (recovery waveform audio), etc. for Example, the base 140 of the data content may include a computer hard drive, multi-card flash memory, for example, the device "Memory Stick", etc.

Briefly, the system 100 operates as described below. The first and the second user device configured to receive the combined content based on the first data 121 about the preferences of the content of the first user and second data 131 about the preferences of the content of the second user. For example, the first and second data about the preferences of the content (hereinafter referred to the link as the first and second data about the preferences) are used to filter audiovisual content stored in the database 140 of the data content. The sequence of filtering operations can be performed by the server 110 or one of the user devices 120 and 130. As a result, the combined content filtered from the base 140 of the data content. In conclusion, the combined content is transmitted in the first and second user devices.

In the specific embodiment shown in figure 1, the server 110 is configured to receive n is pout and second data 121 and 131 of the preferences on the content of the first and second user devices 120 and 130, respectively. The first and second data about the preferences are formed, maintained and stored by the devices 120 and 130. For example, the first and second user devices 120 and 130 are TV sets or personal computers with TV tuners). TVs can be adapted to track user interaction by selecting TV channels. Favorite TV-channels of the first and second users, for example, frequently selected or viewed TV channels for a day or a week, are recorded in the first and second data 121 and 131 about the preferences of the first user device 120 and the second user device 130, respectively.

Alternatively, the first and second preference data can be stored on the server 110. For example, the first and second user devices 120 and 130 can send encrypted information to the server 110 on the election of TV channels. The server may analyze the information for forming the first and second data about the preferences.

The server 110 may include a processor 111 data, configured to perform the functions envisaged in the concept of the present invention. The processor 111 of the data can be well-known Central processing unit (CPU, CPU), made properly with the implementation of the present invention. The server 110 Ni is sustained fashion can contain a block of memory 112, for example, the known memory module RAM (RAM, random access memory). The processor 111 of the data can be executed with the ability to read from a memory block of at least one instruction (computer programs), to enable the operation of the server.

Of the first and second data 121 and 131 of the preferences, the CPU 111 data can be combined combined data 113 about the preferences of the content (indicated by reference as aggregated data about the preferences). For example, the first and second data about the preferences can include individual rating values of the genre of TV programs, such as the genre of TV news or genre of TV shows. The data processor may combine the individual rating values in the average value and store the average value in the merged data 113 preferences. In another example, the data processor may be configured to identify overlaps preferences in the first and second data to create aggregate information about preferences. As only aggregated data about the preferences of the updated first and second data about the preferences, the CPU 111 data can save the merged data about the preferences in block 112 memory. Using the combined data about the preferences of the processor data 111 may receive the combined content and the base 140 of the data content. For example, the processor 111 of the data can take from the database 140 of the data content of one or more identifiers, such as name TV shows, movies, etc. that are consistent with the combined data 113 about the preferences.

There may be other ways to obtain the merged content, rather than using a combined data 113 preferences. For example, the processor 111 of the data can access the database 140 of the data content for the receiving of the content in accordance with the first data 121 on preferences and to retrieve the second content using the second data 131 preferences. In addition, the data processor can determine the overlapping content in the first and second contents. Overlapping content could be interpreted as an integrated content that might prefer both of the user.

According to the present invention, the data 114 dependencies are used to select the merged content. Data 114 dependencies indicate the dependence of the first data 121 about the preferences of the content from the second data 131 about the preferences of the content. For example, the first data about the preferences contain a list of genres and the corresponding values of the preferences of the first user. Additionally, the first data about the preferences specify conditions when the values of the preferences rejected depending on Deut the x data about the preferences. An example of the first data about the preferences below in the table.

Table
The genre of the contentPreference, to a maximum of 100Abolishing dependence
TV news80
Movies99
Sports70
TV show10"Peter" > 80
TV-education50
Music: classical30"Helen" > 75
Music: jazz70

In the example, the first data about the preferences contain a list of genres, such as video genres: TV news, movies, sports, TV shows, educational TV programs, and music genres: classical music, jazz. Each genre has a rating from 0 to 100 depending on the Ave is doctine on the content of the first user in the appropriate genre. These first data on preferences, with an estimated rating of genres can be used in a variety of ways to select content. For example, the content is selected, if the content belongs to a specific genre, ranked above a predetermined threshold value in the first data about the preferences of the content.

The first user may ask for some genres in the first data about the preferences of whether ratings of genres from the second data about the preferences of the second user to be used instead of ratings genres of the first data about the preferences. In the example of table genre "TV shows" has a low rating of 10 out of 100 points. However, the data dependencies in the first data about the preferences indicate that if the second data about the preferences of the second user identified as "Peter", indicate that the genre "TV shows" ranked in more than 80 points, "low" rating genre "TV shows" in the first data about the preferences will be ignored in support of a "high" rating of the genre in the second data about the preferences provided that the second data about the preferences are used together with the first data about the preferences for content filtering. The first data 121 about the preferences can be stored in the first user device 120 together with the data 114a according to one or more conditions). the thus, the if the second user is very much like the genre "TV shows", a TV program with this genre can still be included in the merged content.

The first and second users can define their own data dependencies independently of each other. The second user device 130 may also store data dependence (not shown)related to the second data 131 about the preferences.

Alternatively, the condition where the genre "TV shows" ranked in more than 80 points in the second data about the preferences, another condition in the first data about the preferences may specify that the genre is estimated rating of 80 points, if the second data about the preferences indicate that the second user has not watched a TV program genre "TV shows" for more than a predefined period of time.

In the example of table, you can specify that the rating of the genre from the second data about the preferences should be instead of the first data about the preferences, regardless of the rating values. For example, the identifier of the second user "Peter" or a simple reference to the second data about the preferences may be specified in the first data about the preferences in respect of a particular genre. In this way the first user delegates the choice of the content of the corresponding genre of the second user.

Should be noted is, however, that data dependencies, as illustrated in the table require that the first and second data about the preferences are compatible according to the classification of genres. The compatibility of the first and second data about the preferences can be assured by the order server 110 to maintain the first and second data about the preferences in the same format.

Data 114 dependencies can also be implemented in another way. For example, processor 111 data configured to analyze the first and second data about the preferences containing records with historical content consumption first and second users. The analysis can be used to determine whether the first user or the second user has a great experience in viewing or listening to content of a particular genre. For example, the frequency of selection of content and the time of viewing or listening to content can determine the level of experience. Based on the level of experience the data processor may determine whether to use in relation to the genre of the rating value of the first or second data about the preferences. The data processor can offer first or second user to confirm the determination or execute the determination automatically without informing the user.

Data dependencies are not limited to expressed only in the compared first or second user. Data dependencies may also apply to groups of users. For example, the first user can specify the first data 121 about the preferences, so that "low" rating genre "TV shows" should be ignored if the data about the preferences for the content of any other user group (not necessarily the second data about the preferences) indicate a "high" rating of the genre.

The first user device and/or the second user device can be any of a variety of consumer electronics devices such as television (TV receiver) cable, satellite, or other communication line, video tape or HDD-recorder, home cinema system, portable CD players, remote control such as remote control iPronto, cell phone, etc.

Figure 2 shows a variant implementation of the method according to the present invention. The method includes a step 210 of receiving a variety of data about the preferences of the content containing the first and second data about the preferences of the content. Data about the preferences of the content may indicate a preference of the corresponding user in any form suitable for the selection of content, for example, using the specification data (RDF object structure resource description framework semantic Web technologies (http://www.w3.org). For example the EP, data about the preferences of the content can indicate the degree to which the respective user like or dislike a particular item of content, genre, or theme (nature, science etc). At stage 220 receives data dependencies, which indicate the dependence of the first data about the preferences of the content from the second data about the preferences of the content. Data dependencies can be part of the first or second data about the preferences stored in the device 120 or 130, respectively. Alternatively, data dependencies can be stored separately from the data about the preferences of the content, for example, in block 112 the memory of server 110. Data dependencies are created first or the second user or they are output by the CPU 111 of the data automatically. Data dependencies can be implemented as links between the data about the preferences of the content using a URI (uniform identity information resources). At step 230, the above set of data about the preferences of the content used to select the merged content under the management of data dependencies. Data dependencies can be managed by way of the use of first and second data about the preferences for choice. For example, the first or second data about the preferences may be ignored in favor of each other, or to replace one on the natives as explained above.

Variations and modifications to the described embodiment of the invention are possible within the scope of the present invention. For example, in one embodiment, the exercise system according to the present invention is implemented in a single unifying device instead of a client-server architecture, shown in figure 1. The base 140 of the data content may be separate from or included in the server 110.

The data processor may execute the software program to provide the ability to perform steps of the method according to the present invention. The software can manage the device according to the present invention, regardless of where it is executed. To control the device processor, for example, may transfer the software to other (external) devices. Independent claim of an invention for a method and an independent claim for a computer software product can be used to protect inventions, when software is designed or operated to work on consumer electronics. The external device may connect to the processor using existing technologies, such as Blue-tooth, IEEE 802.11 [a-g] and so the Processor can communicate with the external device is accordance with the UPnP (universal access).

"Computer program" should be understood to mean any software product stored on a computer readable medium such as a floppy disk, downloadable via a network such as the Internet, or available for sale in any other way. Various software products can implement the functions of the system and method according to the present invention and can be combined in some way with the hardware or be located on different devices. The invention may be implemented through hardware, contains several distinct elements, and by appropriately programmed computer.

1. The method of providing the first user and the second user to receive the combined content containing phases in which
get lots of data about the preferences of the content containing the first data (121) about the preferences of the content of the first user and the second data (131) about the preferences of the content of the second user, the first and second data about the preferences of the content include rating values,
receive data (114, a) dependence, indicating the dependence of the rating values in the first data about the preferences of the content from the respective rating values in the second data about preferences is entanto, and
use the above set of data about the preferences of the content to select the merged content under the control of such data dependencies.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the first data about the preferences of the content of the first user contains the identifier of the second user.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, in which the data dependencies indicate that the second data about the preferences of the content have a higher priority for selection than the first data about the preferences of the content.

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the second data about the preferences of the content contain historical information of the consumption of content related to the second user.

5. The method according to claim 1 or 2, in which the first data about the preferences of the content and second data about the preferences of the content are combined in the combined data (113) about the preferences of the content to select the merged content.

6. The server (110) to provide the first user and the second user to receive the combined content that contains the processor (111) data configured for
obtain many data about the preferences of the content containing the first data (121) about the preferences of the content of the first user and the second data (131) about the preferences of the content of the second user, the first and second is data about the preferences of the content include rating values,
receive data (114, a) dependence, indicating the dependence of the rating values in the first data about the preferences of the content from the respective rating values in the second data about the preferences of the content, and
the use of the many data about the preferences of the content to select the merged content under the control of such data dependencies.

7. The server according to claim 6, configured to receive data dependencies from the first user device (120) of the first user and the first user device contains stored data (a) dependencies.

8. The server according to claim 6, configured to transmit the combined content to the first user device (120) of the first user and the second user device (130) of the second user.

9. User device to provide the first user and the second user to receive the combined content containing a data processor configured for
obtain many data about the preferences of the content containing the first data about the preferences of the content of the first user and the second data about the preferences of the content of the second user, the first and second data about the preferences of the content include the rating value is Iya,
receiving data dependence, indicating the dependence of the rating values in the first data about the preferences of the content from the respective rating values in the second data about the preferences for content and
the use of the many data about the preferences of the content to select the merged content under the control of such data dependencies.

10. Machine-readable media on which is recorded a computer program comprising code means adapted to implement at their execution on a computing device of the stages of the method according to claim 1.



 

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2 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: technology for providing centralized remote control over digital television systems.

SUBSTANCE: interface of global WAN network is emulated for IP datagram over original remote interface of adapter and simple IP datagram transfer function is added between global WAN network interface and original Ethernet network interface in accordance to protocols stack. Therefore, system for controlling local network of digital television system performs IP connection to systems for controlling local area networks LANs of other digital television systems, then datagram is transformed to transport packets and transferred jointly with other transport packets via one and the same channel.

EFFECT: possible exchange of control data via network without mounting an additional commutation network.

9 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: computer science, technology for dynamic control over volume of video data, sent to terminal from server, on basis of data transfer speed in the network.

SUBSTANCE: in the method for providing video data stream transfer service, server determines, whether filling is less than threshold value, or not less, than second threshold value of service, while filling represents amount of data, filling queue generation buffer in a terminal, while first threshold value is less than second threshold value. If the filling is less than first threshold value, than server provides data stream transfer service at predetermined bit transfer speed of service, which is less than current bit transfer speed of service. If the filling is equal to or greater than second threshold value, then server provides service of data stream transfer at predetermined service data transfer speed, which is greater than current bit transfer speed of service.

EFFECT: prevented sudden interruption or delay of data reproduction in the terminal.

6 cl, 3 dwg

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