Device to convert power interaction of system of permanent magnets and ferrimagnetic into mechanical energy according to principle of multiple use

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: device to convert power interaction of a system of permanent magnets and a ferrimagnetic into mechanical energy according to principle of multiple use comprises at least two permanent magnets and a ferrimagnetic, at the same time one of the permanent magnets is installed fixedly, and the second permanent magnet is installed with the possibility of rotation relative to the axis, which is perpendicular to the main vector of polarisation, besides, the ferrimagnetic is connected to an actuating mechanism, which is an energy receiver and is installed with the possibility of reciprocal movement.

EFFECT: making it possible to convert power interaction of a system of permanent magnets and a ferrimagnetic into mechanical energy and further into other types of energy.

5 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of production of mechanical energy and converting it into various other forms, such as electricity and heat.

The task of the invention is to produce mechanical energy according to the principle of repeated use without external costs.

In use of the present invention becomes possible to convert the power system interaction of permanent magnets and ferromagnetic into mechanical energy and then into other forms of energy, such as electricity and heat.

The above technical result is achieved by the fact that the proposed conversion device, the force interaction of a system of permanent magnets and ferromagnetic into mechanical energy according to the principle of multiple use, containing a permanent magnet and the ferromagnetic material contains at least two permanent magnets, one of the permanent magnets is set stationary and the second magnet is mounted for rotation about an axis perpendicular to the main polarization vector, and the ferromagnet is associated with the actuating mechanism, which is a receiver of energy and is installed with the possibility of reciprocating motion.

In the proposed device is made of a ferromagnetic collected in the tile package e is ectrotechnical steel with a low residual level of magnetization.

The proposed device, the permanent magnets are made of hard magnetic material with high residual field level and a large coercive force.

To eliminate the influence on the kinematics scheme of positive and negative forces when turning the constant rolling of the magnet and increase the power device includes one stationary permanent magnet, identical permanent permanent magnet and has a mirror on the opposite side.

To increase the power of the mirror in the scheme additionally introduced four ferromagnet, two of which are mounted on the same shaft, and the other two on the other.

The invention is illustrated figure 1, 2 and 3.

Figure 1 shows the General diagram of the device.

Figure 2 presents the scheme enabled the stepper motor rotates the movable permanent magnet by 180° in the right position.

Figure 3 presents a scheme with additional stationary permanent magnet and an additional ferromagnets.

The device is a system consisting of at least two permanent magnets fixed magnet 1, the rolling magnet 2 and one of the ferromagnet 3. One of the permanent magnets, for example 1, fixed, and permanent magnet 2 performs a rotation of 180° around its axis parallel to the axis 8 (see figure 1, 2) depending on Polo is possible ferromagnetic 3: X 1or X2. Accordingly, the ferromagnetic material 3 through the crank mechanism 5 that is associated with the shaft 6 of the actuator 7, depending on the position of the movable magnet 2 (vector LMlooking to the left (in figure 1) or towards the vector LM- left position; vectorlooks right - right position), performs the operation X1for X2or is returned to the initial position from the X2for X1. Stepper motor 9 is kinematically connected with the actuating mechanism 7.

Figure 3 mirror one stationary permanent magnet 10, and flipped the circuit includes an additional ferromagnetic 11, 12, 13 and 14. Ferromagnets are 14 and 12 are on the same shaft 15 and the ferromagnetic 11 and 13 on the other shaft 16.

The device operates as follows.

This unit cell transformation works as follows. In the initial position (figure 1), the permanent magnet 2 is the left position, the ferromagnetic 3 - POS. X1. When this magnetic fieldandopen between themselves and cool along the axis 4 are closed on themselves, covering the permanent magnets 1 and 2, the field gradientandalong the axis 4 increases, and it is the greater the smaller the gap between the permanent magnets 1 and 2. Force acting on each magnetic dipole m of the ferromagnet 3, it is proportional to the gradient of these fields along the axis 4: Fx=m·grad Bx(Eparcel. Electricity and magnetism, vol II, Moscow: Nauka, 1983, str). Under the influence of this force, the ferromagnet 3 rushes to the position X2and on the shaft 6 of the actuator 7 is performed positive work that is proportional to the average value of this force is Fx cf.on the way Δ=X1-X2:A+=Fx cp.·ΔX.

Upon reaching position X2included stepper motor 9 rotates the permanent magnet 2 by 180° in the right position (figure 2). When this occurs, the closure of the magnetic lines of forceandin a single generic configuration. In the case where the permanent magnets 1 and 2 are identical in characteristics and are identical in size and shape, the nature of the field is such that along the axis 4, the magnetic field gradient is almost zero, a force along the axis 4 disappears. On the ferromagnet 3 start acting tensile force of the movable permanent magnets 1 and 2 across or parallel to the axis 8, it has created conditions conducive to return it to its original position X1without energy consumption: A.→0. Negative energy return will be spent mainly on overcoming with the l friction, you can minimize.

When the ferromagnet 3 will return to its original position X1a will he do it by the inertia of the flywheel shaft 6 of the crank mechanism 5, the movable permanent magnet 2 is rotated by the stepper motor 9 is also 180° in the left position, the magnetic field linesandopen and the device is ready for a new cycle of doing the work.

When making turns the constant rolling of the magnet 2 around its axis 4 he has to do the work: positive - from left to right, negative - from the right position to the left. Since the centers of the permanent magnets 1 and 2 do not change their relative position, and these are completely identical in magnitude, but opposite in sign. For a full cycle (360°) this work is equal to zero, except for work on overcoming the frictional forces, which can be minimized by known technical means.

To avoid influence on the kinematics scheme of positive and negative forces during rotation of the permanent magnet 2 and increasing the capacity of the device is reasonable in the scheme to include one stationary permanent magnet 10, is identical to the permanent magnet 1, and set the mirror on the opposite side (right) under the scheme, the permanent magnet 2 is oriented LM meet (antiparallel) btw(figure 3). Thus, the total force fieldsandon the permanent magnet 2 in its rotation will tend to zero. Work on the rotation of the permanent magnet 2 will be spent only to overcome the friction forces are minimized.

Mirror in the scheme included an additional ferromagnetic 11, 12, 13 and 14. Ferromagnets are 14 and 12 are on the same shaft 15 and the ferromagnetic 11 and 13 on the other shaft 16. When ferromagnets are 14 and 11 are returned to the original position or make idle, the ferromagnetic 12 and 13 make the positive work and Vice versa. For each cycle, or a complete revolution of the permanent magnet 2 on 360° in such a combination would be done positive work And+=4Fcp.·ΔX and negative work And<<+.

The ferromagnetic material can be made of the collected package of electrical steel sheets with a low residual level of magnetization. Permanent magnets 1, 2 and 10, it is advisable to pick out hard magnetic material with high residual field level and a large coercive force.

Of the blocks, is shown in figure 3, you can collect three-dimensional, associated General kinematic scheme of the nodes managed by the positioning of the magnets 2.

1. The device is converted into the adowanie force interaction system of permanent magnets and ferromagnetic into mechanical energy according to the principle of multiple use, containing a permanent magnet and a ferromagnetic material, characterized in that it comprises at least two permanent magnets, one of the permanent magnets is set stationary and the second magnet is mounted for rotation about an axis perpendicular to the main polarization vector, and the ferromagnet is associated with the actuating mechanism, which is a receiver of energy and is installed with the possibility of reciprocating motion.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the ferromagnetic made from assembled in a package of electrical steel sheets with a low residual level of magnetization.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the permanent magnets are made of hard magnetic material with high residual field level and a large coercive force.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it includes another stationary permanent magnet, identical constant stationary magnet and a mirror on the opposite side.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that additionally it introduced four ferromagnet, two of which are mounted on the same shaft, and the other two on the other.



 

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