Method for quarry organisation to produce rocks of certain dimensions and rig to drill blast holes along single line

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: drill rig is frameless and comprises the first manipulator link and the second manipulator link, between which there is a connecting accessory that provides for manipulator links movement relative to each other. A support at a rock is connected to the connecting accessory for resting against the rock after rough positioning of the drilling line near the line of blast holes. Accurate positioning of the drilling rig along with the direction of the blast holes line is arranged by means of joints available in the connecting accessory. Positioning onto the blast holes is carried out by rotation of the second manipulator link along the arched trajectory and by rotation of a drilling unit towards the rock to be drilled.

EFFECT: accurate manipulator positioning.

11 cl, 8 dwg

 

BACKGROUND of INVENTION

This sabreena relates to a method quarrying of stone of a certain size containing drilling many holes in the rock or stone block, at least one line of holes, with the desired spacing of the holes from each other. For drilling use installation drilling holes on one line, containing the manipulator is equipped with a drilling unit, which, in turn, contains a drilling machine, the guide beam and the input device. Drilling along the line of frameless installation drill unit positioned along the line of holes by means of the manipulator from the drilled hole to the next hole to be drilled. After drilling stone block of a certain size are separated from the occurrence defined by a line of holes, for additional processing. The invention additionally relates to an apparatus for drilling holes on one line for quarrying stone of a certain size.

The objects of the invention are depicted and more precisely defined in the preambles of the independent claims.

High rock is separated from the rocks in large blocks that are split on the need smaller units. Transportable stone blocks of a certain size to be transported from the site of production to more the more processing tiles, interior decoration, countertops, gravestones and related products. To separate the stones of a certain size are drilling one or more lines of holes in the rock. After drilling stone block of a certain size can be separated by blasting or by means of wedges. Stone block of a certain size split in an appropriate way. The conduct drilling rig for drilling holes on a single line, usually containing machine frame positioned on the line of direction of the bore-holes to be drilling, and control the drilling unit from one hole to another. However, such installation drilling, containing frame is heavy, bulky and has a complex structure. Accordingly designed frameless installation drilling holes on one line. Installation, for example, disclosed in European patent 0 551 299-B1 contains the manipulator, at the far end of which is mounted drill unit. The drill unit is positioned on a line drilling at the starting point of the hole to be drilling the first, and the starting point of the hole to be drilling the last, and, in addition, specify the spacing of the holes, after which the control unit installation drilling positioning of the drilling unit by the handle at the starting point of the holes to be drilled. However, the disadvantage of this solution is that the positioning of the drilling is the main block for the starting point of the initial and final holes on the line of holes, subject to drilling, is slow. Additionally, the drill block is placed at the far end of a relatively long arm, which makes accurate positioning of the manipulator difficult.

BRIEF description of the INVENTION

The aim of the present invention is to provide a new and improved method for quarrying stone of a certain size and a new and improved installation for drilling on one line, suitable for this purpose.

The method according to the invention is distinguished by the use of the rig for drilling holes on a single line, containing the first link arm, a second link arm, the first joint, essentially, with a horizontal axis between the links of the manipulator and the second articulation, essentially, with a horizontal axis between the second link of the manipulator and the drill unit, the bearing support on the stone between the first link arm and the second link of the manipulator, performing a positioning unit for drilling holes on one line near the line of holes so that the axis of the first joint and the second joint were located perpendicular to the line of holes to be drilling, and preservation of this provision unchanged until drilling has been completed, perform the positioning of the drilling unit between the holes belonging to the line of bore-holes, what oroton second link arm about the axis of the first articulation, thus the second link of the manipulator is moved only in the direction of the line of holes, and the drill unit on the second link of the manipulator is rotated along an arched trajectory, and by regulating the position of the drilling unit on each hole, subject to drilling, with respect to the object to be drilling, twist drilling unit relative to the second articulation.

Installation for drilling holes in one line according to the invention is distinguished in that it includes a first link arm and the second link of the manipulator, between the links of manipulators installed connecting device containing at least one first mating, essentially, with a horizontal axis around which can rotate the second link of the manipulator in a direction transverse relative to the longitudinal axis of the first link arm between the first link arm and the second link of the manipulator is installed, at least one bearing on a rock, resting on rock, to be drilling during drilling, between the second link of the manipulator and the drill unit the second articulation, essentially, with the horizontal axis around which the drilling unit is able to rotate relative to the second link of the manipulator, while the second link of the manipulator is a longitudinal element without any doubt is any joints between the first joint and the second joint, positioning the drilling unit to the holes according to the line of holes by rotation of the second link of the manipulator only in the direction of the line of holes, and the position of the drilling unit on each hole, subject to drilling, is set by rotating a drill unit relative to the second link of the manipulator.

The idea of the invention is to use a frameless installation for drilling on one line in the quarrying mining stone of a certain size containing the first and second link of the manipulator, United together by means of the coupling device. The area between the links of the manipulator further comprises a support on the stone, which can be installed on a rock while moving the second, i.e. remote link manipulator and drilling. Additionally, the idea of the invention is to install a second link of the manipulator in such a way that it can be moved in the direction of the line of holes. This situation retain until completion of drilling. The drilling unit is moved between the holes belonging to the line of bore-holes, rotation of the second link of the manipulator around an essentially horizontal axis of the first articulation, causing the drill unit and the second link arm to rotate along an arched trajectory. Additionally, the position of the drill blagotvoritelnie object, subject to drilling, regulate on each hole, subject to drilling, twist drilling unit relative to the essentially horizontal axis of the second articulation mounted between the second link of the manipulator and the drill block.

The advantage of the invention is that the positioning of the drilling unit to the holes to be drilling, you can perform a simple turning movement, and positioning does not require any complex calculations in the control unit. After positioning the axes of the first joint and the second joint of the second link arm perpendicular to the line of bore-holes of the second link of the manipulator move in the direction of the line of holes, making management easier and more accurate.

The idea of a variant embodiment of the invention is that the second link of the manipulator is a one-component hard element. In this embodiment, the second link of the manipulator is a very simple design that makes it easy to manufacture and durable. Moreover, the manipulator of this type is easy to control.

The idea of a variant embodiment of the invention is that all other joint installation for drilling on one line, except the first junction and the second junction, remain motionless during the positioning carried out through holes by movement of the second link of the manipulator in the direction of the line of holes.

The idea of a variant embodiment of the invention is that the joint linear, that is, so-called zoom, connected with connection adapted between the first link arm and the second link of the manipulator and provides simultaneous movement of the second link of the manipulator and the drilling unit in a linear direction relative to the first link of the manipulator. This ensures accurate positioning in a linear direction, even if the first link of the manipulator already relies on the support on the stone and remains motionless.

The idea of a variant embodiment of the invention is that at least one articulation, essentially, with a vertical axis, i.e. the so-called articulation in the form of a turntable connected to the connecting device between the first link arm and the second link of the manipulator, and around the axis of this joint simultaneous rotation of the second link of the manipulator and the drilling unit by means of rotary tools. This articulation allows for easy placement of the drill unit on the direction of the line of holes to be drilled.

The idea of a variant embodiment of the invention is that at least one joint with a horizontal axis, facilitative coarse positioning of the mouth of the STS drilling, installed between the first link arm and the connecting device.

The idea of a variant embodiment of the invention is that at least one joint with a horizontal axis located between the second link arm and the connecting device, providing the slope of the second link of the manipulator relative to the stone to be drilled.

The idea of a variant embodiment of the invention is that the operator performs a coarse positioning of the cab or the like, located on the vehicle. Additionally, the operator issues commands related to precise positioning, positioning in the borehole and the drilling by means of the portable remote Board with pad drilling, where the operator has good visibility of the line of holes to be drilled.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of FIGURES

Some embodiments of the invention are described below in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

1 schematically shows the steps of the method quarrying of stone of a certain size.

Figure 2 schematically shows a side view of the installation for drilling by one line according to the invention, installed on a movable vehicle.

Figure 3 schematically shows a side view of the connecting device between the links and manipulators installation drilling on one line of the invention.

Figure 4 schematically shows the view from the M direction positioning of the drilling unit along the line of holes by rotation of the second link arm in an arc.

Figure 5 schematically shows the front view in isometric part of the installation for drilling by one line according to the invention.

On figa - 6c schematically shows a front view of the installation for drilling by one line according to the invention, rotated in different positions when positioning.

For clarity, embodiments of the invention in the figures is shown in a simplified way. The same parts are denoted by the same reference position.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION of SOME embodiments of the INVENTION

Figure 1 shows how quarrying of stone of a certain size from rocks 1. Playground quarrying usually contains the ledge 2 of the quarry, from which is separated by a large stone block 3 and split into blocks of 4 smaller and additionally transportable 5 stone blocks of a certain size. For separation of large stone blocks 3 and their splitting into smaller pieces, you can use one installation of the drilling or alternative to their separation and splitting may be special equipment. In quarry mining, shown in figure 1, many of the holes 7 of relatively small diameter are drilling down to the ledge Cariera on the first line of holes 6a and the second line 6b holes, with a given spacing E of the holes from each other. Drilling can be performed with the vehicle that you can drive on the ledge career at the time of drilling. After performing the steps of drilling a large stone block 3 is separated from the ledge 2 quarry blasting explosives laid in the holes 7. After separation of the large stone block 3 chassis can overtake the ledge 2 career on its top, after which you can start splitting. At this point you can drill a third line 6C holes in the stone block 3, after which the block 4 can be separated by blasting or rasklinivanie. Block 4 can be overturned on the ground, after which you can continue splitting on earth by drilling the fourth line 6d holes and the fifth line 6E holes. Re-executing the branch line of the bore-holes can be formed stone block 5 of a certain size, dimensions, enabling the transport truck and the like, for example, on the Playground additional processing. It should be noted that instead of the solutions shown in figure 1, the splitting operation can also be performed by some other appropriate means. The purpose of this method is drilling holes in the line of holes in a straight line, as far as possible, the lines for the formation of a stone block 4 of a certain size, as far as possible, rectangular, providing minimizing waste of the stone. The purpose of this method is about kalyanee a cube or a rectangular parallelepiped from the stone block 4 of a certain size, if possible, gently.

Figure 2 shows the splitting of the stone of a certain size. Installation 8 for drilling on one line can be fastened by means of the fastening part 9 to the moving vehicle 10, the excavator or mining machine, for example. Thus, installation of 8 can be mounted device. Alternative, it can be run as an embedded part of the vehicle 10. Installation 8 contains the first link of the manipulator 11 and the second link of the manipulator 12. The first link 11 of the manipulator may include a first section 11a of the manipulator and the second section 11b of the arm, between which there is at least one articulation 11c, providing relocation sites link manipulator relative to each other. The second link of the manipulator 12 can contain only one part. The first link 11 of the manipulator can be used to perform coarse positioning device near the line 6 holes to be drilled. Coarse positioning can be performed with the control of the operator of the vehicle 10, for example from the control cabin. Between the first link of the manipulator 11 and the second link of the manipulator 12 is installed connecting device 13 containing one or more joints that provide a variety of movement of the second link of the manipulator 12 in d is the ima, providing fine positioning device drilling precisely in the direction of the line of holes. In addition, between the first link of the manipulator 11 and the second link of the manipulator 12 is installed bearing 14 on the stone, with the possibility of pressure on the stone after rough positioning. Bearing 14 on the stone may be a pin or other suitable supporting element. After bearing support 14 on the stone in the desired position of the first arm 11 remain stationary and perform fine adjustment of the position of the device and positioning the holes to be drilling through the connecting device 13 and the second link of the manipulator 12. On the second link 12 of the manipulator mounted drill unit 15 can be rotated and it contains at least the guide beam 16 along which can move the drilling machine 17. Drilling machine 17 may be a machine percussion drilling, broadcasting the impact pulses to a tool connected with it, and rotating the tool in its longitudinal axis during drilling. In fact, drilling machine 17 may be any other pneumatic, hydraulic or electric drill machine, suitable for this purpose. In some embodiments, the second link of the manipulator 12 may be equipped with two or more drilling units. Updat whom enforcement is possible, to two or more installation 8 were installed on the vehicle 10. Figure 2 additionally shows that the operator 18 has the ability to control the device via the remote control 19 remote control that provides the operator with 18 good visibility line of holes 6 to be drilling. Wireless data link may exist between the remote control 19 remote control unit 20 controls on the chassis.

Figure 3 shows the structure of the connecting device 13 between the first link of the manipulator 11 and the second link of the manipulator 12. The second section 11b of the first link of the manipulator can be connected with the connecting device 13 through a coupling 21 with a horizontal axis. This enables you to change the height position of installation 8 relative to the vehicle. In addition, the connecting mechanism 13 may include joint 22 with a vertical axis, which is the so-called joint with rotary table through which the connecting device 13 rotates in the direction B in the safeguarding of performing positioning in the direction of the line of holes 6. The rotation around the joint 22 can be performed after installation of the support 14 on the stone. In addition, the connecting device 13 may include articulation 23 linear PE is Emesene, that is, the so-called zoom, which provides simultaneous movement of the second link of the manipulator 12 and the drilling unit 15 linearly in the direction C relative to the first link of the manipulator. The articulation 23 linear movement ensures the conduct of the fine positioning installation 8 drilling on the same line as the second link of the manipulator 12 and the drill unit 15 can be moved in the direction C without peremesheniya the first link of the manipulator 11. The connecting device 13 may further comprise a coupling 24 with a horizontal axis of rotation, ensuring the slope of the second link of the manipulator 12 and the drilling unit 15 in the direction d Through the junction 24 of the second link 12 of the manipulator can be installed perpendicular to the stone to be drilled. Between the second link of the manipulator 12 and the connecting device 13 can be installed joint 25 with a horizontal axis of rotation, enabling rotation of the second link 12 of the manipulator in the direction F when the drill unit 15 mounted on the bolt 7 to be drilling in-line 6 bore-holes. In this case, the drilling unit 15 is arranged to move in the direction H in an arc relative to the coupling 25, at a time when the joints 22, 23 and 24 of the connecting devices 13 can be saved still. After careful execution of the tone of the CSOs positioning the second link of the manipulator 12 is moved in the direction of the line of holes 6, as can be seen in figure 4. In this case, the positioning of the holes 7a - 7d, placed within reach of installation 8, is made simple rotary movement in the direction of H. in Addition, between the second link of the manipulator 12 and the drill unit 15 installed joint 26 with a horizontal axis of rotation, enabling rotation of the drill unit 15 in the direction G in such a mode that it was aimed at the stone, to be drilling, regardless of the angle of rotation of the second link of the manipulator 12. Since the height position of the far end of the second link 12 of the manipulator relative to the stone to be drilling, changes when the second link of the manipulator 12 is rotated, it should be possible to move the drilling unit 15 in a linear direction J relative to the end of the second link 12 of the manipulator mode, shown in figure 3. The guide beam 16 can be established by coupling linear movement, such as the cradle 27 or the like in the connection 26.

Figure 4 shows the positioning of the drilling unit 15 to the bore-holes 7a - 7d on line holes, observed from the direction M. the Positioning is accomplished by a simple rotation of the second link 12 of the manipulator in the direction of H.

Figure 5 shows the installation of 8 for drilling holes in one line according to the invention. Figure 5 shows that at least some of the who Executive mechanisms you can perform the move setup 8. Actuators can be represented as cylinders with a working medium under pressure, an engine with a working medium under pressure or any other Executive mechanisms suitable for this purpose. Installation 8 drilling on one line may contain the first actuator 28, which can move the connecting device 13 relative to the first link 11 of the manipulator. In addition, the second actuator 29 can be installed connected to the articulation in the form of a rotary table 22. Figure 5 is not shown, the actuator coupling 23 linear, Executive coupling mechanism 24 of the tilt adjusting or actuating mechanism which can move the guide beam 16 in a linear direction. However, figure 5 shows a third actuator 30 is used to rotate the second link of the manipulator 12. In addition, the drilling unit 15 can be rotated relative to the second link of the manipulator 12 fourth actuator 31. Next on figa - 6c is shown the actuator 32 to move the drilling machine 17 on the guide beam 16.

On figa-6c shows the positioning of the drilling unit 15 to the bore-holes 7a - 7c on line 6 holes. After the rough position is ionirovanija installation 8 drilling near the line 6 holes and fine positioning precisely in the direction of the line of holes, the positioning of the holes 7a - 7c, to be drilling, you can simply turn the second link of the manipulator 12 and the positioning of the drilling unit 15 to the rock to be drilled. As the second link of the manipulator 12 is positioned so that the axis of the first joint 25 and the axis of the second joint 26 exhibited perpendicular to the line 6 bore-holes, the second link of the manipulator 12 and the drill unit 15 can move only in the direction of line 6 holes. The direction of the line of holes 6 passes across a direction of the longitudinal axis of the first link of the manipulator 11. Installation 8 may contain a device that automatically rotates the drill unit 15 relative to the rotation angle of the second link of the manipulator 12 after the desired position of the drilling unit 15 relative to the stone to be drilling already selected once. In addition, the guide beam 16 can be moved in a linear direction on the stone, then you can start drilling.

The duty cycle of 8 installation for drilling on one line, i.e. the positioning of the holes and the drilling can be carried out manually operated, semi-automatic control or fully automatically. In manual mode the operator 18 controls the actuators with the user interface on the chassis 10 or the remote controller 19 remote control. In semi-automatic the operation, the operator positions the drill unit 15 on the first hole, then the control block 20 controls the operating phases of drilling automatically, then positioning the drilling unit 15 on the next hole to be drilling, and still waiting for confirmation of the command of the operator 18. In semi-automatic working cycle, the operator 18 may, if necessary, to change the position of the next hole before proceeding with drilling. With a fully automatic control unit 20 controls positioning of the drilling unit 15 at a predetermined first hole, performs drilling positions on the following specific hole and continues until all the specified holes will not be drilled. The control block 20 can be given the size and direction of the holes, the spacing of the holes and the order of drilling. It is also possible to give the control block 20 other necessary attributes control for drilling and positioning. The control block 20 may include a computer, programmable logic, or similar programs that may perform the various management strategies and are capable of performing calculations required for positioning.

It should be noted that the first link of the manipulator 11 and the second link of the manipulator 12 may be a telescopic links of the manipulator, which can make longer and shorter. However, the second link of the manipulator 12 is not rotating with the articulation between the first joint 25 and the second coupling 26. If necessary, other joints may exist in the connecting device 13, which differs from those shown in the figures, and additionally instead presents some joints other joints and connective devices suitable for this purpose can be used. In some cases, the characteristics disclosed in this application can be used as is, regardless of other characteristics. On the other hand, the features disclosed in this application can be combined, if necessary, to form various combinations.

Additionally, the installation of drilling holes on one line disclosed in the present application can be applied for drilling different from drilling stone of a certain size.

The drawings and the related description are only intended to illustrate the inventive concept. Details of the invention can be modified within the scope of the claims.

1. The way quarrying of stone of a certain size containing the following stages:
drilling multiple holes (7) in the rock (1) or stone block (3, 4), at least one line (6) holes with the desired spacing (E) of the holes from each other;
use for drilling installation (8) for drilling in a single line, containing at least one link (11, 12) of the manipulator, dovanna, at least one drilling unit (15)containing drilling machine (17), the guide beam (16) and the feed device (32);
positioning the drilling unit (15) line (6) holes through the links (11, 12) of the manipulator from the drilled hole to the next hole (7)subject to drilling;
Department stone block (5) of a certain size after drilling from the position defined by line (6) holes;
characterized in that it contains
using install (8) for drilling in a single line, containing the first link (11) of the manipulator, the second element (12) of the manipulator, the first joint (25)is, essentially, with a horizontal axis between the links (11, 12) of the manipulators and the second articulation (26)essentially horizontal axis between the second link of the manipulator and the drilling unit (15);
bearing support (14) on the stone between the first link (11) of the manipulator and the second component (12) of the manipulator;
performing a positioning unit (8) for drilling one line near the line (6) holes so that the axis of the first articulation (25) and the second articulation (26) were exposed perpendicular to the line (6) holes to be drilling, and maintaining that situation unchanged until the completion of drilling;
performing positioning of the drilling unit (15) between the holes (7)belonging to the line (6) holes, rotation of the second link (12) the optical drive is around the first joint (25), thus the second element (12) of the manipulator is moved only in the direction of line (6) holes, and drilling unit (15) in the second link (12) of the manipulator is rotated along the curved trajectory;
adjustment of the position of the drilling unit (15) on each hole (7)subject to drilling, with respect to the object to be drilling, twist drilling unit (15) relative to the second articulation (26).

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains an accurate positioning while moving the second element (12) of the manipulator and the drilling unit (15), United with him, in a linear direction (S) relative to the first link (11) of the manipulator.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it contains an accurate positioning while moving the second element (12) of the manipulator and the drilling unit (15)connected with him, around at least one joint (22, 24) relative to the first link (11) of the manipulator.

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it contains the implementation of linear travel (J) of the drilling unit (15) to the rock and regarding the second element (12) of the manipulator, when the drilling unit (15) is positioned in the direction of the borehole (7)subject to drilling through (6) holes.

5. Installation for drilling holes on a single line, containing at least one link (11, 12) the optical drive is, having a mounting portion (9) for fastening to the base machine, such as a moving vehicle (10), at least one drilling unit (15)mounted on the manipulator and containing the guide beam (16), drill machine (17) and the feed device (32), while the drilling machine is moved by the feed device and based on the guide beam, characterized in that it contains the first link (11) of the manipulator and the second element (12) of the pointing device, the connecting device (13)mounted between the links of manipulators and containing, at least one first joint (25)is, essentially, with a horizontal axis around which the second element (12) of the manipulator is able to rotate in the transverse direction relative to the longitudinal axis of the first link (11) of the manipulator, at least one support (14)mounted on the stone between the first link (11) of the manipulator and the second component (12) of the manipulator and resting on rock, subject to drilling, during drilling, the second articulation (26)that is established between the second component (12) of the manipulator and the drilling unit (15 and having an essentially horizontal axis, around which the drilling unit (15) can be rotated relative to the second element (12) of the manipulator, while the second link of the manipulator is a longitudinal element without any joints between Erwin joint (25) and the second joint (26), this positioning of the drilling unit (15) into the hole (7) according to line (6) holes by rotation of the second element (12) of the manipulator only in the direction of line (6) holes, and the position of the drilling unit (15) on each hole (7)subject to drilling, is set by rotating the drilling unit (15) relative to the second element (12) of the manipulator.

6. Installation according to claim 5, characterized in that it contains articulation (23) linear, attached to the connecting device (13) and providing simultaneous movement of the second element (12) of the manipulator and the drilling unit (15) in a linear direction (S) relative to the first link (11) of the manipulator.

7. Installation according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that it contains at least one articulation (22)attached to the connecting device (13) and having essentially vertical axis around which the second element (12) of the manipulator and the drilling unit (15) is able to simultaneously turn.

8. Installation according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that it contains at least one articulation (24)attached to the connecting device (13) and having an essentially horizontal axis around which the second link of the manipulator and the drill unit is able to simultaneously bend.

9. Installation according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that it contains at least about the but joint (21), located between the first link (11) of the pointing device and the connecting device (13) and having an essentially horizontal axis, around which is able to rotate the connecting mechanism (13).

10. Installation according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the guide beam (16) is established by coupling the linear displacement of the second articulation (26).

11. Installation according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the second element (12) of the manipulator is a one-component hard element.



 

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2 cl, 2 tbl, 4 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method and arrangement of improved horizontal-inclined drilling assembly for well drilling through underground rocks formations using a drill pipe, includes the drill pipe or a drill string descending into the well and its later lifting up. The drilling assembly includes a power aggregate for its power supply, a support frame, which can move between in parallel to the rock and in perpendicular to the rock positions, and the support frame moving device. A rotor block and a carriage aimed to transfer rotation, axial and return towing (lifting) forces to the drill pipe. The drilling assembly aimed for wells drilling with use of the drilling pipe through underground rocks formations, with any angle relatively to the underground rocks, between in parallel to the rock and in perpendicular to the rock positions. The method includes the drilling pipe dislocation on the drilling assembly, the support frame movement in setting it in the required drilling angle, the rotor block and carriage movement till it have contact with the drilling pipe, transfer rotation, axial and return towing (lifting) force to the drill pipe and underground rocks formations drilling with the drilling pipe.

EFFECT: invention provides power increase for the rotation drive and easy transportation.

21 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-industry.

SUBSTANCE: aggregate contains vehicle track with stiffly connected on it frame with equipment, including tackle system mast, main one-drum and auxiliary hoists, mechanisms drives, operator cabin, back support, hydraulic jacks, height adjustable wellhead platform. The mast foundation hinge connected with mast's back support, around which the mast is rotating at its vertical (operating) position or descends into horizontal - transportation position. At that at the mast top part located force stretching elements, and the wellhead platform additionally equipped with front bars, which connecting it to the aggregate frame.

EFFECT: aggregate design simplification, the aggregate adjustment on the wellhead simplification, keeping its functionality at well deep boring, service and maintenance.

7 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas production.

SUBSTANCE: fixing mechanism includes a pair of clamping jaws, rods and hydraulic cylinder as drive, which are connected to them. At that, mechanism also includes the lever installed with possibility of being turned, longitudinal rod and reverse lever. At that, hydraulic cylinder is connected to the lever, one end of which is connected to rod connected to the first clamping jaw, and its other end is connected by means of longitudinal rod to reverse lever connected by means of rod to the second clamping jaw.

EFFECT: improving operating reliability and reducing the cost owing to simplified device design.

2 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes use of device providing for manufacturability of assemblage of casing and drilling columns and concurrent drilling by two columns, provided with independent drives, and drilling, by casing column, of non-stable rock solids performed with frequency no greater than one calculated from formula

where Vmec - mechanical drilling speed, m/min, Fr - friction forces against rotation, Ften - friction forces against linear displacement, R - casing column radius, m, α - angle between vectors of directions of linear and rotating movements.

EFFECT: higher effectiveness, higher productiveness, higher reliability.

2 cl, 5 dwg, 1 ex

Drilling device // 2245982

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has slanting frame with lower rotation drive and localizer, clamps of drilling pipes, stacks for storing drilling pipes. Conveyor is mounted on slanted frame, having adjustable drive, while clamps of drilling pipes having elevator links are fixed to conveyor branches, as well as open localizers and upper drive-swivel, and stacks for storing drilling pipes are placed along movement of conveyor in its upper portion. Upper end of drilling column is placed in well pipeline. At the end of stacks for storing drilling pipes a vehicle is placed with clamps for pipes to provide additional traction force and performing hoisting operations for drilling stalks consisting of several drilling pipes.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 cl, 3 dwg

Drilling plant // 2247210

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has transporting base, post with guides and moveable stops, jointly connected via axes to post and placed in upper link of post for rods of force cylinders, which are fixed perpendicularly to support surfaces of moveable stops at moveable rotator, mounted with possible axial displacement along guides of post, and made with possible axial displacement along guides of post, and made wit possibility of their output from area of effect of rods of force feeding cylinders by means of control cylinder, placed on post, drilling stand, hoisting winch, rope and rope blocks. Moveable stops are made with possible rotation around axes in direction of action of rods of force feed cylinders. Their axes are placed in hollow parallel to support surfaces of moving supports and connected to rod of control cylinder, and between each other, via rotation lever, mounted between moveable stops. Cylinder for control is jointly connected to rotation lever and plant post.

EFFECT: higher productiveness.

3 dwg

Drilling plant // 2247211

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has transporting base, post with stops in upper connection, moveable rotator with guides, on which corbels are made and control cylinders are fixed, connected by their rods to force support cylinders, which via fixing elements are connected to rotator guides via axes, placed perpendicularly to longitudinal axis of post and surface of guides, directed by their rods for interaction with stops of upper link of post and have opportunity o displacement relatively to rotator guides and output of rods beyond stops of upper link of post, drilling stand, hoisting winch, rope and rope blocks. Axes and elements surfaces mated thereto of force feeding cylinders are made conical. Rods of control cylinders are rotated in direction of stops of upper link for angle equal to half of slanting angle of conical surfaces.

EFFECT: higher productiveness.

3 dwg

Drilling plant // 2247213

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: drilling device includes a rotator and hoisting gear, consisting of two force hydraulic cylinder with separator ring between them, through which rod passes, provided with pistons mounted in cylinders. Hoisting mechanism also includes fixed and moveable rollers and flexible links. Moveable rollers are placed inside the hollow of force cylinders and are fixed on outer surfaces of pistons, and fixed ones - on outer surfaces of end covers of cylinders. Force cylinders are made of different diameters, while cylinder for hoisting drilling columns greatest diameter. Plant is provided with two bars, fixed on upper and lower end covers and made in form of guides for rotator, separator ring and end covers are provided with fixing assemblies on front and back supports of post and hydraulic cylinder for raising the post to working position.

EFFECT: higher efficiency, simplified construction.

3 dwg

Drilling device // 2248437

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has platform and on the platform it has oil station with drive, mast and mechanism for feeding drilling tool drive, made in form of hydraulic cylinder, body of which is fixed at platform, and on free and of rod of which a carriage with two rollers is mounted, which are placed along length of rod, two rollers, mounted in upper and lower portion of mast and flexible link, fixed by its ends in place of extreme position of each of carriage rollers with retracted and extended rod of hydraulic cylinder and skirting rollers of carriage on inner side, and rollers of mast - on outer side. Device is provided with additional two coaxially mounted rollers, mounted in zone of connection of end of flexible link, skirting side roller of carriage, and single roller, mounted in zone of connection of second end of flexible link. One of branches of flexible link after carriage roller skirts single roller and each branch of flexible link skirts coaxially mounted rollers on opposite sides.

EFFECT: higher reliability.

1 dwg, 2 cl

Drilling device // 2249665

FIELD: geology.

SUBSTANCE: device has base, mast, jointly mounted thereon, telescopic element for changing its angular position, carriage with engine and rotator, moveably placed on mast posts, hydraulic cylinder for moving carriage, directed downwards by its rod, and hydraulic system. Hydraulic cylinder is placed between upper and lower mast bars, its shell is rigidly fixed in carriage, and rod is connected to lower bar. Upper bar and/or carriage body are made in form of tank for working liquid of hydraulic system. Hydraulic system pump is placed on rotator, while cinematic link of engine to pump and/or rotator is made in form of wedge-belt transfer link, and connections of leading and following sheaves with their shafts are made threaded with oppositely directed thread. Between rotator and hydraulic cylinders for protection of rod a skirt is placed in form of ribbon, fixed on ends of mast.

EFFECT: lesser dimensions, higher mobility.

4 cl, 8 dwg

Drilling plant // 2250342

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has base moving carriage with frame, driving actuators, volumetric hydraulic drive with pumps and driving engines for actuators of left and right boards and stopping brakes with mechanism for controlling these, and also of, mounted on frame of moving carriage via manipulator, feeder frame with rotation gears and traction of drilling base along well axis with hydraulic engines of drives of these mechanisms, while hydraulic rotation engines of drilling base and its feeding gear during drilling are connected to pumps of right and left board instead of actuator drives hydraulic engines, via two-positional holders, which are controlled together with stopping brakes. If brakes are made with braking hydraulic cylinders and control holder for these, two-positional holders are made with hydraulic control, and inputs into chambers for control thereof are connected by mains to input into braking cylinders of stopping brakes. To combine possibilities of drilling vertical and/or horizontal well suspension gear is made in form of four-assembly device, on joints, with hydraulic cylinder for slanting feeder frame, which device is supported by means of transverse beam. To provide for possible drilling at corners of rectangular pit, feeder frame is fixed in intermediate guide of support gear with possible longitudinal displacement, and transverse beam of suspension gear is made symmetrical relatively to longitudinal symmetry plane of carriage.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: oil production industry, particularly for development, repair and drilling oil and gas wells.

SUBSTANCE: facility has frame, drill derrick and drawworks with drilling and bailing drums assembled on the frame, power-driven reduction gear, drive transmission of drilling and bailing drums connecting them with power-driven reduction gear and provided with leading and driven members. Each transmission is arranged in rigid one-piece oil-filled body. Driven member of the transmission has hollow shaft put on shaft cantilever of corresponding drawworks drum. Shafts of leading and driven member are mounted in above body by bearings. Body is provided with hinged unit arranged from leading member side and adapted to support thereof by the frame. Leading member shaft is connected to power-driven reduction gear through double cardan joint.

EFFECT: multiple decreasing of side loads applied to drawworks drum shaft cantilevers, increased life of transmission members and simplified transmission assembling and disassembling.

4 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: deep-hole drilling and well repair, particularly for rotary drilling and repairing oil and gas wells.

SUBSTANCE: facility includes transportation base with drilling derrick, draw works and draw works and rotor drive transmission. Facility also has rotor with built-in wedge grip arranged on separate mobile base and including rotary table and main gear wheel fixedly secured to rotary table. The main gear is cylindrical and arranged between two radial-thrust bearings inside body of rotary table provided with replaceable and detachable driving attachment arranged in separate body and fixedly connected with rotary table body. The attachment includes cylindrical satellite and drive gear put on drive shaft.

EFFECT: reduced size and extended range of suitable drives.

4 cl, 5 dwg

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