Automated systems of control for repair processes with implementation of mobile repair-diagnostic complex

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: automated system of control for repair processes of complex technical systems implementing mobile repair-diagnostic complexes consists of central computer and of remote terminal connected to central computer, and also of automated work places (AWP) incorporated into this system, such as: AWP of control and diagnostic of components, AWP of control of radio-assembly works, AWP of control over elimination of damages in structures on repair object, AWP of recovery of moisture protection and of repair object marking, and AWP of control of repair operations on remote process working place. All the AWP are connected to the central computer, and each AWP structurally is connected with a corresponding process working place (PWP) of control and diagnostic, electro-radio-assembly works, works for elimination of damages of repair object structures, works for recovery of moisture protection and marking, and the remote PWP. Also, the PWP of control and diagnostic are connected to other PWP.

EFFECT: raised high speed of automated systems of control over repair process of complex technical systems.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of special computational techniques (means repair of complex technical systems, in particular to automated management information systems technical repair process with the use of mobile repair and diagnostic systems. The invention can also be used for process control equipment repair and equipment in a stationary repair units.

Known automated information systems used for process control in various subject areas. Examples of technical solutions on as shown in the patents of the Russian Federation RU # 68723 (2007.11.27), RU # 2156834 (2000.09.27), RU # 2002101943 (2003.08.27). These systems contain a Central computer with the installed software to control the respective process, coupled with instruments measuring the parameters of a managed process and a device which controls the parameters of technological installations, serving in the workspace consumables and receiving the output.

The disadvantages of the known solutions is that they are designed to control continuous technological processes, are not intended for the ETSP is sure control the actions of the operators when performing discrete technological processes of repair of complex technical systems (in particular - weapons systems and military equipment).

Closest to the claimed technical solution is the automated process control system and resources (AMS PR) on the patent for utility model RU 66.287 (VR 3/14, 09.10.2007), which is taken as a prototype.

The system prototype has a Central computer placed in his memory database reference data according to accepted technical systems, catalog database an integral part of the accepted technical systems, database, electronic archive maintenance and repair documentation, database of reserve assets, materials and accessories (SPTA) in the composition of repair and diagnostic center (RDC) and in complexes serviceable products and the remote terminal automated workplace (AWP) for control and diagnostics component parts serviced technical systems while before leaving RDK for a particular type of the particular technical system in the ACS database PR load the documents on the profile of this system, upon arrival at the location of accepted technical system remote terminal is placed on the work site directly from an integral part of the accepted technical system, and the remote terminal complement measuring modules and modules f is Mirovaya stimulating effects, connected to corresponding points of the controlled component parts serviced technical system.

An advantage of the prototype system is the implementation of management actions repair personnel conducting the inspection of the technical condition and repair parts directly to staff their locations in the structure serviced by a technical system. Management actions repair personnel is carried out by organizing interactive computer access ACS PR with the help of a remote terminal. On the basis of issued from the computer ACS regions on the screen of the remote terminal (portable workstation) hints in the form of fragments of repair and operation documentation specifies the sequence of actions of maintenance personnel (operator remote terminal) for connecting the measuring means of the remote terminal to the corresponding points on the evaluation of the measured parameters of the technical condition of the controlled component parts serviced technical system, to identify the causes of failure, replacement of the detected defective replacement elements (the elements of the lower level of decomposition patterns accepted technical system) to a known good from the single SPTA kit serviced technical systems and control reset the effect to the health of the repaired composite part of the accepted technical system.

The disadvantage of the prototype system is the lack of control of technological operations repair replacement elements products in workplaces as part of repair and diagnostics of complex and organized on the advanced remote technology jobs attached to the SDC for the implementation of separate technological operations within a full cycle repair replacement elements accepted technical system. The result is reduced performance and quality repair replacement elements on the profile of the work of SDC, as well as increasing requirements for qualification of personnel involved in the repair of replacement elements in the composition of the RDK.

The purpose of the claimed technical solution is to eliminate the disadvantages of the prototype, namely:

- providing interactive procedures process control be run on workstations as part of SDC and attached to the RDK remote process jobs in accordance with established policy-making technology of repair of replacement elements accepted technical system on the profile of the work relevant to URP;

- reduction level requirements for the qualifications of staff performing repairs replacement elements on the respective technological workplaces as part of SDC and when the data to RDK additional external jobs.

This technical result is achieved by the automated control system of technological process of repair with the use of mobile repair and diagnostic complex (hereinafter referred to as DCS), comprising: a Central computer placed in his memory database reference data according to accepted technical systems, catalog database an integral part of the accepted technical systems, database, electronic archive maintenance and repair documentation, database of reserve assets, materials and accessories (SPTA) in the composition of repair and diagnostic center (RDC) and in complexes accepted technical systems and remote terminal automated workplace (AWP) for control and diagnostics component parts serviced technical systems, introduced additional equipment workstations process control that contains the computer, monitor, bar code reader and the feedback device in the form of optical drive installed on each technological workplace RDK technological process of repair, replacement items accepted technical system so that the specialist service technician when performing operations could compare their actions with the image on the screen MES the Torah and confirm the actions and instructions of the Central computer control system by means of a manipulator, in this case, all additional workstation unite with the Central computer PCs in the local network, which is also connected to the remote terminal using the appropriate extension interface bus local area network (LAN), a database of the Central computer control system in addition to character repair documentation entered graphical instruction containing the operation image of the repaired component parts serviced technical systems in order of their disassembly and Assembly process of repair.

The device and the principle of action of the claimed system is illustrated in the drawing.

The system includes a Central computer 1 and workstations 2 (AWS) management of technological operations, combined with the Central computer 1 through the interface line 3 in a local area network, workstations 2 management of technological operations is combined with the appropriate technology of repair jobs 4 (TRM). The Central computer 1, arm 2, TRM 4 placed appropriately in the technical compartment of repair and diagnostics of complex 5 (RDK). To the interface bus 3 using the remote line 6 connected to the external terminal 7, is placed in the works neposredno is but an accepted technical system 8. To the interface line 3 using the remote line 9 is connected arm 10, is combined with external technological workplace 11 placed on the time in the temporary shelter 12.

Upon arrival at the location of accepted technical system 8 external terminal 7 is transferred from the processing section RDK 5 directly to the location of the equipment serviced by a technical system 8. The Central computer 1, arm 2 and TRM 4 are in working condition. If necessary, work with bulky removable component parts serviced technical system 8 that in the technical compartment RDK 5 impossible, organized external jobs. With this purpose, next to the RDK provides temporary shelter 12, which are installed during the renovations external TPM 11, which is structurally integrated external arm 10 connected remote interface line 9 with an interface bus LAN system 3.

When monitoring the technical condition of the accepted technical system 8 of the Central computer 1 in the sequence of technical maintenance and repair of accepted technical system 8 on the remote terminal frame 7 are fragments of repair document is ncacii, contains instructions repair personnel in the sequence of their actions, given the image fragments of the structure of the subject apparatus, indicating the points of connection of the measuring devices from the composition of external terminal 7. Measured by the terminal 7, the values of the parameters of the technical condition of the controlled part of the accepted technical system 8 are compared with permissible. The discrepancy between measured values with valid is a sign of approaching equipment to the limit state or a sign of failure. By successive measurements at appropriate points on the basis of the indications of repair documentation identify faulty replaceable integral part of the lower level of disaggregation accepted technical system (referred to in the technical literature also replaceable structural elements). Seize suspected denial of interchangeable structural elements of the design served the technical system 8, and in their place establish a working replacement items of the same type from a single SPTA kit included in the kit supplies the accepted technical system 8. Repeated measurements with the help of a remote terminal 7 determines the restoration of accepted technical system 8. All intermediate and end the global results of operations for the control of technical condition and repair of the accepted technical system 8 through the terminal 7 in the dialog mode is introduced into the Central computer 1, including data on faulty replaceable structural elements removed from the accepted technical system 8 in the process of repair.

Faulty constructive replaceable elements are transmitted from the accepted technical system 8 in the process compartment RDK 5 for repair. If necessary prior disassembly of the complex units or necessary to carry out preparatory work (repair, drain mud and the like), the data is replaceable component parts can pre-enrol on the advanced organized external technological jobs 11.

Received in the process compartment RDK 5 interchangeable component parts serviced technical system to be repaired, come in technological jobs 4 and move from one process area to another in the sequence of technological process of repair. The procedure of control of technological process of repair with the use of the claimed system (see drawing) can be seen on the example of repair of replacement of structural elements of electronic equipment (REE).

Each of the received repair replacement item REA previously be registered in the Central computer 1 system. You enter the type replaceable element and its identification number (serial number and affiliation to the design of the EAC is urivaeva technical system 8). Registration type and registration data, in case of duplication in the form of bar codes, which are entered into the Central computer 1 by using the barcode reader included in the scope of the Central computer 1.

Registered faulty replaceable element (object repair) comes (in the direction of a technical process and in accordance with the instructions of the repair documentation, located in the computer database 1) for the next technological workplace 4-1. The amount of TRM 4 and combined with them arm 2 control the process operations defined by the specialization RDK 5 and implemented as part of SDC 5 technological process of repair. In case of repairs or replacement of items of electronic equipment first TRM 4-1 is a technological workplace monitoring and Troubleshooting replaceable parts. Combined with TPM 4-1 workstation 2-1 represents the appropriate automated system monitoring and diagnostics (ASAC), intended for performance monitoring and fault diagnosis of functional units of electronic equipment.

Before performing the instructions on TRM 4-1 from the Central computer 1 system via the interface line 3 arm 2-1 (ASAC) is transmitted and repair documentation for replaceable items Remo is one including diagnostic tests, as well as an indication to the operator of ASAC for each sequence of actions when monitoring and diagnosing each replaceable item. For instructions, reproduced on the screen of the workstation 2-1, operator TRM 4-1 mounts the removable element (object repair) to ASAC and performs iterative control process. Upon confirmation of the failure of the inspection object on the screen AWP 2-1 will be prompted to conduct iterative procedure fault diagnosis. In process fault diagnosis on the screen AWP 2-1 issued instructions to the operator for connection of control probes according to the diagnostic algorithm (with on-screen display of the workstation 2-1 design image controlled replaceable unit and relevant tips on the connection points of the probes). The results are determined defective radio electronic elements (REE) in the controlled replacement of an item of repair), the types and reference designators defective REE to be replaced. The results of the monitoring and diagnosis (identification of the type and number of the test object) is transmitted from the workstation 2-1 via the interface line 3 to the Central computer 1.

Next faulty replaceable element in accordance with the sequence of the process, reflected in the repair documentation in SOS the Ave Central computer 1, is transmitted from a technological point of control and diagnostics TPM 4-1 on technological workplace electrogravimetry works TRM 4-2. To manage the transition process on the workstation 2-1 and workstation 2-2 reproduced instructions on which operators TRM 4-1 and TRM 4-2 entered the relevant confirmation (on the transfer of facility repairs and on acceptance into operation of the object of repair).

Upon receipt of the object of repair on TRM 4-2 from the Central computer 1 in accordance with information contained in the databases of the computer 1 technological repair documentation and received from AWP 2-1 results of the fault diagnosis on the workstation screen 2-2 are given consistent information:

- on preparation of technological tools;

- about the required REE and consumables;

- about the sequence of actions to remove the faulty REE and installing in their place intact REE composition of the corresponding stacking repair spare parts (included in the delivery of technological equipment TRM 4-2).

Preparation of technological tools (e.g., soldering installation with the appropriate nozzles) and its application (for example, faulty feeding REE and installation and soldering healthy REE) is made according to instructions received from the Central computer 1 on the workstation screen 2-2. Thus to identify the repair shop and on the screen the workstation 2-2 reproduced image is a necessary part of construction repair - emitting image remanufactured REE (e.g., color or flashing a portion of the image). Performing a given procedure is confirmed by means of the manipulator, the supplied arm.

To accelerate search of necessary REE and technological tools are used to specify the coordinate position of the staff of finding the appropriate styling ZIP repair or technological equipment on the shelves in the composition of the TRM. Identification of the stacking and packaging the composition was found laying ZIP repair is carried out by reading an identification bar codes on buildings styling and packaging REE, materials and tools. The bar code reading is carried out using barcode readers, the included arm 2. Identification of the recognition result of the barcode is displayed on the screen of the workstation 2. All information about the operations of replacement of REE and other mounting elements fixed in the process of repair of replacement item TRM 4-2, is passed from the workstation 2-2 in the Central computer 1. On the basis of comparison of the executed works and the earlier results of fault diagnosis, the Central computer 1 controls the completeness of the performed operations for repair (replacement REE), and performs the metering REE, materials and wear of technological tools (including possible is olaki tool).

Refurbished replacement element according to instructions from the Central computer 1 is supplied with TRM 4-2 on TRM 4-1 to control the recovery and Troubleshooting. In case of additional fault persists replacement item is being returned to TRM 4-2 for Troubleshooting. Additional work on TPM 4-2 on elimination of detected errors is performed under the control of the Central computer 1 system using AWS 2-2 similarly to the above procedure. After a full Troubleshooting electrical circuits replaceable unit (replacement of all defective REE and damaged conductors) facility repairs is transmitted to the TPM 4-3 to eliminate the existing damage of structural elements replaceable element.

Work to repair the damages designs are produced under the control of the computer 1 using 2-3 WKS. Interactive search of technological tools, parts and materials for repair design replaceable element using AWS 2-3 is similar to that previously reviewed the procedure for replacing defective REE on TRM 4-2.

After repairing the damages designs replaceable element (object repair) with TPM 4-3 returns on TRM 4-1 to control workability, because in the process of SL is Sarno-mechanical operations on the TPM 4-3 may be compromised the integrity of electrical circuits or damaged REE. In case of Troubleshooting facility repairs is transmitted to the TPM 4-2 for Troubleshooting. Good facility repairs is transmitted to the TPM 4-4 for recovery (broken in previous stages of the process) moisture-proof coating and marking.

The procedure for the preparation of technological tools and materials to restore the moisture-proof coating and markings on TRM 4-4 under computer control 1 system is based on the technology of repair documentation similar to that described procedures that are performed on TRM 4-2 and TRM 4-3.

After restoring moisture protection and marking refurbished replacement element is passed under computer control 1 system with TPM 4-4 on TRM 4-1. Here is the final performance monitoring refurbished replacement item. In case of failure of a replaceable unit is fault diagnosis. When detecting faulty electrical circuits, or REE facility repairs transmitted TRM 4-1 on TRM 4-2, and then repeats the private loop elimination of additionally detected faults and subsequent recovery in a waterproof coating.

Upon confirmation AWP 2-1 in the composition of the TRM 4-1 full health, refurbished replacement item is recorded in the database of the computer 1 with the system as restored (completely renovated) and transferred (printed on the printer that comes with the computer 1 of the accompanying document) in a single ZIP serviced technical system 8.

When revealing the results of monitoring and diagnostics (at the beginning of the technological process of repair is submitted to the SDC replaceable unit) final marriage, is not subject to repair the removable element is in the database of the Central computer 1 system, placed in a separate technological containers as part of SDC and later passed to disposal. In the computer 1 are formed the source data for subsequent replenishment single ZIP repaired product in connection with the seizure of this replacement item is beyond repair.

Thus, due to the introduction of additional structural elements and relationships between elements in accordance with the drawing to achieve the stated technical effect, namely:

- implemented interactive control of technological operations of repairing machines and technical systems 8 and revealing in the process of repair, defective replacement parts (replacement of structural elements) accepted technical system. Management repairing machines and technical systems 8 and its interchangeable parts in the composition of the RKD 5 is covered by a single technological process on the basis of repair documentation uploaded into the database of the Central computer 1 system in full accordance with Directi the Noi technology;

- manage the operations of the technological process of repair of replacement elements for technological jobs in the composition of SDC and additional external TPM, organize, if necessary, is carried out from the Central computer 1 system with iterative procedures of interaction operators TRM and arm, combined with TPM. While organized clues in the form of images of the object construction, renovation on the screen arm and alternately selecting portions of a design object repair, subject to the influence of operator TRM. Aided iterative procedure of finding the necessary spare parts, materials and tools with the use of bar code marking of packages (kits) and bar-code readers that come with AWP. This ensures reduced requirements for experience and qualifications of maintenance personnel;

- organization of iterative procedures for the control of technological operations repair provides a more rigorous accounting of consumption of spare parts, materials, working time specialist, which increases the efficiency and quality of repairs, and economical use of all resources.

The industrial feasibility of the claimed technical solution is based on the construction of the claimed system on the basis of program-technical is their money known from the prior art.

Any RDK can be built on the basis of the production of containers is (for example, type CC production plant SSSA" Shumerlya).

Technological equipment RDK (external technological jobs TRM 4-N in the profile of work performed) can be created on the basis of decisions on patent RU No. 66287.

The Central computer 1 system and workstation 2-N for control of technological processes on the respective TPM (see drawing) can be configured on the computers serial computer equipment. LAN system can be implemented on the basis of the standard interface Ethernet backbone architecture client-server: ASAC implemented as a part of AWS 2-1, can be built based on a combination of a personal computer and measuring subsystem main-module type (for example, standard VXI or LXI), and also on the basis of decisions on patent RU No. 2222865.

The remote terminal 7 may be constructed on the basis of a portable personal computer such as "laptop" and compact measuring subsystem main-module type (for example, standard VXI or LXI), and also on the basis of decisions on patent RU No. 2222865.

Repair documentation used for carrying out the process of the repair products and their components, is developed in the form of e the trip interactive documents according to GOST 2.602-95, GOST WFD 2.602-96 (for products IWT) and GOST 2.051-2006.

1. Automated control system of technological processes (ACSTP) repair of complex technical systems (STS) with the use of mobile repair and diagnostic systems (RDK), containing a Central computer placed in his memory reference information, maintenance, repair and other documentation on repair of the component parts serviced STS and connected with the Central computer interface bus remote terminal placed in the works at the location of the serviced component parts JTS, characterized in that it additionally introduced the automated workplaces (AWP), specialized in automation management activities in the framework of a closed technological cycle repair parts product profile of the work assigned to the appropriate type RDK, and includes arm control and diagnostics component parts CTC workstation management elektroradiotekhnika works AWS management eliminate damage to structures repair, workstation recovery control moisture protection and marking facility repairs, AWS management maintenance work on external technological workplace, all workstation via the interface line connected to the forward and reverse links the Central computer control system with the formation of a local area network, each arm is structurally connected to the technological workplace (TRM) control and diagnostics, electrogravimetry works to eliminate damage to the structures of repairing, restoring moisture and labelling, external TPM, in accordance with the technological process of repair TRM control and diagnostics functionally related direct and inverse relationships with TRM electrogravimetry works, TPM for the repair of damage to structures of repair, TPM restore moisture protection and marking, remote TPM, using the display on the screens of each arm process graphic images of objects repair each workstation implements control visual contact with the operator of the relevant TRM and with the help included with each arm of the manipulator operator of each TPM implements feedback from the workstation, structurally United with this TRM, the composition of arm and TRM, including the same number of jobs is determined by the types of works in a closed technological cycle repair parts RTN in accordance with the type and specialization of a particular RDK.

2. The automated system according to claim 1, characterized in that the composition of each arm entered the barcode reader, for each object technology equipment, tools the enta and property as part of SDC applied identification bar codes, using the display on the workstation monitor a respective indication is managing visual link arm with the operator TRM, and using the barcode reader on the instructions of the operator issued using the management visual communication arm operator is implemented quick search for a property that is required to complete the current work on the corresponding TPM.



 

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