Control computer complex of shunting automatic locomotive alarm
FIELD: information technologies.
SUBSTANCE: control computer complex of shunting automatic locomotive alarm comprises the following components installed in a single frame - a multiprocessor computer system with a terminal including a monitor and a keyboard, network switchboards, a modem pool with inbuilt modems and sources of power supply, supply splitters, receivers of satellite navigation facilities, terminal boards and a station comparison device. At the same time the multiprocessor computer system comprises controllers of a central processor with a board of back input/output, a controller of a data base with a board of back input/output, sources of power supply, multiport units with boards of back input/output, an intersystem gateway with a board of back input/output, a controller of satellite navigation facilities with a board of back input/output.
EFFECT: improved reliability and safety of traffic control complex at railroad by reduction of information processing time, increased extent of noise immunity.
The invention relates to computing, and in particular to systems of automation of technological processes of large industrial facilities, such as systems of railway automatics, telemechanics and communication, and can be used on locomotives, railcar rolling stock to improve security and control of traffic, and in the interval regulation with the use of radio.
Complex automation object is, generally, a set of process subsystems, which, in turn, are composed of smaller technological functional units. Splitting the object into functional units based on the allocation process task or series of closely related tasks into a single node, so that each functional unit rather Autonomous. The intensity of its interaction with the rest of the system is orders of magnitude lower than inside it.
For large objects automation failed the function should be restored without affecting the rest of the functional part of the system, i.e. the recovery should be in the "hot" replacement for a minimal time.
Controllers with traditional architecture based on parallel bus with centralized processing of even very odnim processor does not meet the requirements in full.
Known VME system built on the basis of processor modules VSBC-32 - 32-bit single-Board CPU module with VME bus company Kontron, Germany. "VSBC-32, Combined VMEbus System Controller and Serial Communications Controller Board Manual ID 21168, Rev. Index 04 Jul 00" /4/].
The processor module includes a processor, a memory block, the logic control unit, a serial communication interface RS232C, LAN interface (Ethernet), the submodules of I / o interface system bus VME combined internal bus. For approval of electric parameters (voltage, current) and other factors (cross-section of the wires of the cable, the wiring diagram of control signals of the object to the processor module can be connected blocks field interfaces, eliminating the cabinets problemsyou and matching relay.
The main disadvantages of this device are unstable with single errors when transferring on a parallel bus, the centralized processing of input and output data, the decrease in performance with increasing number of channels.
Closest to the claimed solution is multi-processor controller for the management of complex technological object [RF Patent 2263952, G06F 15/16, 2003], which contains processor modules, consisting of connected with an internal bus of the processor, equipped with a serial communication interface and local the network, and the United duplicated deterministic local network of lower level clusters through the first and second serial system bus, memory block, the logical block management of submodules of I / o interface measurement and control of the object, each processor module has the capability of interfacing with the local network of the upper level via the LAN interface and further comprises a block forming a geographical address associated with the logical block management, the first and second serial interfaces for system bus connected respectively with the first and second sequential system the tire and the inner tire.
This device allows you to increase resistance to any single failure with the possibility of duplication of the objective functions and elements with any degree of reservation, with the possibility of any design layout functions I / o, with the ability to "hot swap the failed elements.
However, this device does not allow you to change the functionality, flexibility to rebuild and to increase the number of controlled and control parameters, which limits its use to manage such a complex process as the movement on the rail.
The technical result of the claimed invention is to improve reliability & security of the functioning of complex motion control on the Railways by reducing the processing time information, increasing the degree of noise immunity.
The technical result is achieved in that the control computer complex shunting automatic locomotive signaling (UCMJ) contains installed in a single frame multiprocessor computer system with the terminal part of the monitor and keyboard, network switches, modem pool with built-in modems and power supplies, power strips, terminal Board, the receivers of satellite navigation and device comparisons of the station, with a multiprocessor computer system includes controllers CPU Board rear I/o controller database with the card rear I/o, power supplies, blocks multiport cards with rear I/o, gateway interconnection with - rear I/o controller of satellite navigation with the card rear I/o.
The claimed device is set multiprocessor computer system.
The device illustrated by the drawings, in which figure 1 is a diagram of the UCMJ in case (a) front view, (b) rear view, figure 2 - scheme NX, (a) front view, (b) - type multiprocessor computer system back in figure 3 - block diagram of the operation of the UCMJ LITTLE.
The UCMJ contains the following elements (figure 1):
- multi is recessary computer system with terminal comprising a display and keyboard (1);
- network switches(2, 3, 4, 5);
modem pool with built-in modems and power sources (6, 7);
receivers of satellite navigation (8, 9);
terminal Board(10, 11, 12, 13);
device comparisons station (14);
- power switches main (15) and back (16);
- power strips(17, 18, 19, 20);
- fan units(21, 22, 23).
In turn multiprocessor computer system consists of the following (figa and 2B):
controllers CPU Board rear I/o (21, 22);
controller database with the card rear I/o (23);
- power supplies(24, 25, 26, 27);
- multiport blocks (28, 29) cards with rear I/o;
gateway interconnection with the card rear I/o (30);
controller of satellite navigation with the card rear I/o (31).
All parts included in the multiprocessor computer system (1)represent the microprocessor Board.
The full composition of the product is determined by the project on the object of its introduction in accordance with the configuration and features of this object. The composition is included in a multiprocessor computer system (1) is also determined by the specified project.
In order to ensure the safe functioning of the system LITTLE equipment rack driving the th computing complex is reserved. The power of each set multiprocessor computer system (1) is supplied from the power source the voltage of 220 V and frequency of 50 Hz.
The modems in modem pools (6, 7) feed on voltage 9 from own sources of power.
Voltage 220 V, frequency 50 Hz is supplied from the uninterruptible power supply units (PSU), supplied separately. For component parts control computer complex power is supplied via power strips 17, 18, 19, 20.
A multiprocessor computer system (1) is a microprocessor-based device, the functions of which are performed during the installation of distribution software. A multiprocessor computer system (1) establishing information technology operations and train situation at the station by cyclic polling of devices e center station (EC) and schemes coupling with the slide by means of a distributed matrix a survey of the relay contacts. The software starts automatically after power on MPCS.
Network switches (2, 3, 4, 5) are used for internal LAN system.
Modem pools (6, 7) organize communication CFS subsystems LITTLE and subscribers UVC outside of the building in which is located the UCMJ, using the existing body of the district line.
Terminal boards 10, 11, 12, 13 are designed for communication between radio systems, antennas of satellite navigation and multi-processor computer system (1).
Device comparison station (14) compares the information received from two independent from each other controllers 21 and 22 and the coincidence of this information, the team radio control is transferred to a shunting locomotive.
The radio communication with the host computing system is implemented using comparator station (14).
The controller database (23) contains the necessary database for the functioning of the system and shall keep minutes of system operation.
Gateway firewall (30) provides the link with the information systems-planning level station and serves to provide secure access to the components of the system with external systems.
Controller means satellite navigation gets (31) information from the satellite navigation receivers (8, 9) and transmits it to the controller Central processing unit (21 and 22) for further processing.
The multiport blocks (28, 29) link multiprocessing computer system with external subscribers, including microprocessor-based interlocking systems without using a gateway interconnection (30) and Loka is Inoi computer network, organized through the use of network switches(2, 3, 4, 5).
Fan units (21, 22, 23) are designed for cooling equipment located in the Cabinet.
Managing computer system operates as follows.
Power is carried out in strict sequence as follows:
1. All power strips (17...20) switches the power is transferred to the position "on". The switches are located on the rear walls of the device.
2. When power is supplied to the comparator station (14) is switched on in standby mode. When pressing the START button located on the front panel 14, is included in the operating mode.
3. Two power switch multiprocessor computer system (1) is transferred to the position "on". The switches are located on the rear of the system 1.
4. The power switch jobs (AWS) is in position "on". The switches are located on the back of the system blocks Workstations.
Modem pools 6 and 7 are turned on automatically when power is applied.
Also must be included all subsystems station devices LITTLE: KSB and Armagh. Otherwise, the UVC will not receive the full amount of the required information about the work of the station and makes impossible the functioning of the whole system LITTLE.
After turning on the control Cabinet Vice the extreme complex is a self-test of the system as a whole. Determine whether communication with subscribers and shunting locomotives equipped with BA. On the terminal screen multiprocessor computer system displays the subscribers control computer complex, with which a connection is established, shunting locomotives and train the situation at the station in real time.
Information from the data controller is fed to a multiprocessor computer system (1). According to the results received information organized team and routes for shunting locomotives equipped with onboard equipment. Information exchange with shunting locomotives through the device channel data.
Managing computer system is the main component that coordinates the whole system LITTLE at the station.
The use of modern element base and software can reduce the processing time information, to increase the degree of noise immunity, and therefore, the reliability and safety of operation of the UCMJ in the system LITTLE.
Managing computer system shunting automatic locomotive signaling containing installed in a single frame multiprocessor computer system with the terminal part of the monitor and keyboard, network commute the ora, implement local network system, modem pool with built-in modems and power supplies, implements the communication control computer complex subsystems shunting automatic locomotive signaling and subscribers, power strips, receivers of satellite navigation, terminal Board designed for communication with the receivers of satellite navigation and multi-processor computer system, and device comparisons of the station, with a multiprocessor computer system includes controllers CPU Board rear I/o controller database with the card rear I/o, power supplies, blocks multiport cards with rear I/o, gateway interconnection with - rear I/o controller of satellite navigation with the card rear I/o, designed to retrieve information from the receivers of satellite navigation and transfer them to the controller CPU and the device comparison the station is designed to compare the information received from the controller CPU, and generate control commands for transmission over the radio channel to a shunting locomotive.
SUBSTANCE: invention comprises multiple units and is fitted with an accumulation unit which stores at least one set of data relating to said units, and also has a communication channel designed for extracting the said unit of encoded data. According to the invention, said set of data obtained over the said channel is first recorded in a first file on a recording medium and coding characteristics, which are necessary for identifying the said information, are then determined based on at least one second file pre-recorded on the recording medium. Contents of the first file are then analysed using said characteristics and the result obtained that way in the third file is then recorded on the recording medium.
EFFECT: easy monitoring of the state of equipment during maintenance work and repair when the equipment is broken down, which enables monitoring the state of a large number of different types of equipment using different data coding.
13 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Proposed method consists in that parametres describing drive torque, drive rpm and normal force at contact surfaces are measured. Base signals are represented by transmission averaged signals calculated from signals averaged for preset operating time interval. Signals correspond to magnitudes of the like measured parametres on every active drive. Difference signals of comparison of torques are obtained by comparing averaged signals with base signals with due allowance for averaged signal describing normal force at contact spot and base signal for said parametres, for transmission on the whole. Difference signals of comparison of drive rpm are obtained by comparing averaged signals with base signals for particular parametre with due allowance for signal describing steering wheel turn angle averaged for that same time interval. Control signals are generated using preset functional ratios between obtained difference signals and signals describing controlled parameters.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: modular engineering system contains interacting controllers, each of which is connected to a group of peripheral equipment in one zone of the system, which includes sensors, actuating devices and annunciators. Controllers for all zones are universal for operation with single software, and their interface with peripheral equipment is made using interface address microprocessor-based modules with microprocessors, made with plug-and-play software configuration for dynamic individual processing of events and information while bringing it to a single software form for transfer to a controller and conversion of information, transferred to the controller in single software form, into individual commands, executed by peripheral equipment, with formation of a single address space, which provides for coordination during exchange of information between peripheral devices and interacting controllers, with provision for registration and receiving notification on defined events.
EFFECT: easier setting, more functionalities for optimum system integration on an object and interaction on extended communication lines, increased reliability of power supply due to capacity for dynamic switching of system devices to energy saving mode and back, for which the devices use electrical energy only when performing useful work, and devices which are not being used during the given time interval are switched off, and later switched when required, as well as increased reliability and accuracy of controlling actuating devices.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: physics, control.
SUBSTANCE: present group of inventions is related to method and control unit for adaptation of functions on working processes control. It is achieved by the fact that above mentioned functions address at least one global variable of at least one control program, and this global variable complies with address information, which is located in at least one facility for data storage and which is downloaded from facility of data storage by means of at least one loading command, which differ by the fact that address information that corresponds to global variable of loading command is replaced, realised on the basis of hex code modifications, at that in all program code all calls of control unit functions are replaced by call of newly created interception function, besides, initial call of control unit function is realised inside appropriate interception function, and interception function contains initial program code.
EFFECT: expansion of functional resources of control unit in control of working processes.
10 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed method of pinpointing faulty pickup in a surplus system consists in periodical checking up of the relationship between the measured parameters of motion describing normal operation of pickups and the disturbed aforesaid relationship to set the motion, after revealing said disturbances, wherein the output signal of either of the selected three pickups is set to be lower than a certain preset minor value Δ. It also comprises recording the control pickup readings, varying the scaling factor of three pickups selected to control purposes and pinpointing faulty pickup proceeding from the measurement results.
EFFECT: expanded performances thanks to opportunity of pinpointing faulty pickup with shift signal slowly varying.
FIELD: physics; control.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to automatic control systems on the basis of computer equipment. Complex of remote automatic control of engineering equipment of enterprise buildings contains central computer module with input-output unit that represents programmed controlling server intended for monitoring and control of complex equipment, and, at least, one computer station, which is connected with its input-output module through local computer network to central computer module. Complex contains converters of ETHERNET - RS-485 interface, which are connected to central computer module through local computer network of enterprise, at that at least one symbolic circuit is connected to every converter of interface, as well as remote modules of input-output, to every of which appropriate sensor or device is connected for control of specific aggregate of engineering equipment.
EFFECT: creation of remote automatic control complex, which provides reduction of power losses, increase of operation life resources and safety of equipment.
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: technical measured variables are identified, which together determine value of actual plant usage, request is submitted to user for input of measured variables that are related to measured variables and for record of actual condition of the present plant, reference parameter is determined, actual condition of real plant is compared with determined reference parameter, for determination of at least one measured variable, the change of value of which might increase value of plant usage, structural measures for plant improvement are identified, with the help of which value of at least one measured variable may be changed, performance of structural measures.
EFFECT: provision of technical plants operation.
10 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: analog-digital computer engineering; reactivity measurement device verification and on-the-fly check of its operability.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes forming of first data array which corresponds to changes of reactor's power parameter for a given reactivity, normalization to a given number of decades of the first data array, saving in the storage device of the second data array which is derived from normalization, with the first K decades of power parameter changes being used when forming the data arrays. By values of the second array control action is formed. Forming is executed one time by values of first K decades and N-K times by values of Kth decade, with simultaneously changing level of controlling voltage and impedance value of current-generating resistor-imitator in the end of decades - first in the end of each of the first K-1 decades and then in the end of Kth decade in the quantity of N-K+1, where K depends on the value of modeled reactivity.
EFFECT: decreased storage capacity in simulator program control unit.
6 dwg, 2 tbl
FIELD: engineering of controlling and adjusting systems for controlling technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: complex contains workstations and servers based on personal electronic computer machines, connected as a local area Ethernet network, and also controllers and functional modules. Programmable logical integral circuits, built into each functional module, support programming of practically any algorithms for processing signals and control, adequate for tasks, assigned by engineer to current module. Three variants of system engineering are possible on basis of means included in complex: centralized control, local control, distributed control. In all three variants central microprocessor module controlled by software performs primary configuring of functional modules, information exchange, control and diagnostics of software and hardware means.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities, increased reliability, improved maintainability.
14 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: analog computer engineering; verifying nuclear reactor reactivity meters (reactimeters).
SUBSTANCE: proposed simulator has m threshold devices, m threshold selector switches, m series-connected decade amplifiers, m electronic commutators, n - m - 1 series-connected decade frequency dividers, first group of m parallel-connected frequency selector switches, second group of n - m frequency selector switches, and group of n - m parallel-connected mode selector switches. Integrated inputs of threshold selector switches are connected to output of high-voltage amplifier and output of each threshold selector switch, to input of respective threshold device; output of each threshold device is connected to control input of respective electronic commutator; inputs of electronic commutators are connected to outputs of decade amplifiers and outputs are integrated with output of group of mode selector switches and with input of voltage-to-frequency converter; output of inverting amplifier is connected to input of first decade amplifier and to that of group of mode selector switches; input of first group of frequency selector switches is connected to output of voltage-to-frequency converter and to input of first decade frequency divider and output, to integrated outputs of first group of frequency selector switches and to input of division-chamber pulse shaper input; each of inputs of second group of frequency selector switches is connected to input of respective decade frequency divider except for last one of this group of switches whose input is connected to output of last decade frequency divider; threshold selector switches and frequency selector switches of first group, as well as m current selector switches have common operating mechanism; mode selector and frequency selector switches of second group have common operating mechanism with remaining n - m current selector switches. Such design makes it possible to realize Coulomb law relationship at all current ranges of simulator for current and frequency channels.
EFFECT: ability of verifying pulse-current input reactimeters by input signals adequate to signals coming from actual neutron detector.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises block-section hardware connected with stations hardware and dispatcher center connected via main communication lines with cabs control hardware and, via stationary radio modem, with first onboard radio modems. Every locomotive has its onboard radio modem connected to onboard locomotive control device with its first port connected with locomotive train integrity control unit port and with first onboard satellite navigation receiver. Last train car accommodates train integrity control unit with its first port connected with first port of microprocessor unit of last car control unit connected with output of self-contained power supply. First input of said unit is connected with output of second onboard satellite navigation receiver, while second port is connected with port of second radio modem connected with radio communication channel. First output is connected via additional braking valve with train braking main line. Train integrity control units outputs are connected via electro pneumatic converters with train braking main line connected, in its turn via electro pneumatic converters, to the inputs of the former. Train last car accommodates interface unit with its port connected with train integrity control unit first port, those of electronic registration unit, rail ultrasound control unit and last car centralised control hardware microprocessor.
EFFECT: expanded performances due to non-stop diagnostics of track.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport and can be used in automatic dispatcher control systems. Proposed system comprises central control station and distributed stations accommodating EC posts hardware and remote control and remote signaling device of dispatcher centralisation connected therewith and integrated by main communication line. Control station incorporates stationary computer of train dispatcher work station connected with first interface module with remote control and signaling devices. Train components are equipped with onboard computers with displays and radio modems connected to onboard computers connected to onboard antenna units and onboard satellite navigation system receivers connected to antenna units of satellite communication. Central control station and distributed controlled stations comprises stationary radio communication digital modems connected with stationary antenna units. Central control station and distributed controlled stations comprise communication controllers with their first ports connected, via modems, to main communication line and with their second ports connected with stationary radio modems. Central control station has its communication controller connected wit stationary computer of ACS work station of train dispatcher.
EFFECT: higher traffic safety in dispatcher control thanks to higher validity of data coming to dispatcher.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway automatic control and telemetry systems, namely to railway interval traffic control. Data on track sections serviceability is transmitted to locomotive receiver with the help of inductive communication channel of continuous automatic locomotive signaling system. Track length and characteristics info is transmitted to locomotive receiver via point-type inductive communication channel. In motion, efficiency of train braking means are checked up for accurate braking before occupied track section limit. After braking and stop before occupied track section limit and prior to receiving the data on non-occupancy of track section located ahead, limited motion is performed by separate time-limited moves. Proposed device comprises braking system electro pneumatic valve (1), unit of train motion parametres transducer (2), programmable control unit (3), display unit (4), operator vigilance confirmation unit (5), continuous and point-type communication channel locomotive receivers (6 and 7), stationary transmitters (8, 9), logical element AND (10), stop time interval generation unit (11), limited locomotive move unit (12) and unit (13) to permit limited moves of train.
EFFECT: higher safety of traffic.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport and can be used in automatic dispatching control systems. Proposed system comprises central control station, geographically close and remote controlled stations incorporating electronic hardware unit connected with telecontrol and telesignaling hardware unit and main communication line connected to central station. Every locomotive comprises onboard computer unit connected to display unit, onboard radio modem unit connected to onboard antenna unit. Central control station and all distributed controlled entities accommodate units of digital radio communication stationary radio modems connected with stationary antennas of digital radio communication channel. Stationary computer unit is connected via stationary signal transducer system with first port of stationary duplex transceiver unit of satellite communication system and, further, via geostationary artificial Earth satellite-relay with transceiver antenna unit and onboard antenna units of satellite communication system of locomotives. Onboard computer of every computer comprises permanent non-volatile memory to store data on the development of railway line situations at all sections of dispatcher circle along with appropriate versions of all routes of locomotives.
EFFECT: higher reliability of telesignaling hardware due to lower frequency of its testing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic hardware to control train traffic intervals. Proposed system comprises railway traffic dispatching station, computer-aided work stations with independent PCs to control system operation, units to control floor signal transducers, local transmission systems, I/O units, protection units, two channels to process signals from axle count units with path control transducers and floor signal transducers, circuit to generate automatic locomotive signaling signals, unit of stationary devices of electric centralisation, circuit to control availability of signaling readings at input traffic light, circuit to control availability of clear signal to access main running line, circuit to control availability of clear signal to access side running line, circuit to control availability staff at station supervisor control board, relay to control openness of the first remote section and first protection section behind the first remote line at traffic light, relay to control openness of second remote section and first protection section behind the second remote traffic light, remote monitoring unit, main and standby station computing units, first and second differential units. First group of outputs of the main and standby station computing units makes the group of outputs to points of connection to code transmission rail circuit via automatic locomotive signaling circuit. Second group of outputs of the main and standby station computing devices makes the groups of actuating outputs to connect the traffic light lamps cut-in circuits.
EFFECT: higher fail-safety at stations and station limits.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system contains central control room and distributed controlled points accommodating devices of EC (electric centralisation) posts and devices of remote control and remote signalling of centralised dispatching control. Central control room accommodates stationary computer of automated working place connected via the first interface module with remote control and signalling devices of centralised dispatching control, and via the second interface module - with transport management system. In locomotives automatic train driving system is installed which includes computer connected with visualisation device, locomotive power unit and automatic locomotive signalisation device. Locomotive also has radio modems installed on it which are connected to on-board computer and antenna units. In central control room and controlled points stationary radio modems connected with stationary antenna units and communication controllers are located. The controllers are connected by their first ports via modems to communication backbone and by their second ports - to stationary radio modems. In central control room the communication controller is connected with working place stationary computer the dedicated port of which is connected with train traffic organisation parameters optimisation modes control unit.
EFFECT: improvement of dispatching control efficiency, traffic-carrying capacity of railway hauls and stations, lowering electric energy consumption for traction and lowering psychophysiologic stress for drivers and dispatchers.
FIELD: radio communication.
SUBSTANCE: system of technological radio communication through digital channels comprises managing-radio station with digital interface and panels of operational radio communication in single dispatcher control centre. Each intermediate station is equipped with stationary radio station with digital interface and control panels. Stationary radio stations are combined in ring serially with managing-radio stations with the help of dedicated primary digital channel of technological digital circuit and main digital circuit. Each train locomotive is equipped with portable radio station. In single dispatcher centre there are managing-radio stations connected serially with the help of dedicated primary digital channel, at the same time channel comprises D-channel and B-channels for each section of technological radio communication. In single dispatcher control centre, additional outlet of each managing-radio station is connected to system of monitoring and administration data transfer, to which two servers are connected, being joined to computer devices of automated workplaces for control of technological radio communication system and single system of monitoring and administration.
EFFECT: improved reliability of technological radio communication system.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radio communication and can be used for train and repair talk-back communication. In compliance with first version, proposed device comprises radio stations connected in series via primary digital channel into lower-level loop. The latter comprises bridge station with its terminal connected, via IP-gateway, local circuit switch and router, to data transfer circuit. Aforesaid radio stations connected into lower-level loop incorporate digital interface. Common dispatcher center comprises computer mounted at the monitoring and administration system operator. In compliance with second version, proposed device comprises stationary radio stations connected in series, via primary digital circuit, into lower-level loop. The latter incorporates bridge station and interface. Bridge station control output, is connected, via IP-gateway, local circuit switch and router, with data transfer circuit, while its analog output of the device is connected to analog tapping whereto connected are stationary radio stations with analog interface. Note here that stationary radio stations connected in lower-level loop incorporate digital interface. Common dispatcher center comprises computer mounted at the monitoring and administration system operator.
EFFECT: increased use ratio.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system consists of onboard equipment, station equipment and service equipment, meant for functional testing, diagnosing and identifying defects onboard equipment and station equipment. The station equipment includes a control computer system, which controls underground conditions based on data, received from electric centralised devices through a data collection controller, provides for interaction with the onboard equipment and service equipment over a digital radio channel, controls maintenance of wireless communication with locomotives and controls movement of mobile units. The onboard equipment includes an onboard controller, display unit, control unit, switch unit, pulse sensors and a radio terminal, which receives information on the processor module of the onboard controller and exchanges information with a radio terminal, which is part of the station equipment and a radio terminal, which is part of the service equipment, with two-tier architecture.
EFFECT: higher degree of automation and efficiency of switching operations on railway stations.
9 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to transport system with guide track, in particular to suspended monorail road. System comprises line of data transfer installed along guide track and at least one trolley that is able to move along guide track and is equipped with at least one mobile device of data transfer, intended for reception of signals transferred along line of data transfer, and/or for transfer of signals along line of data transfer, and in which simple means are used to provide for possibility to send data to trolley, which is actual in its current condition, and/or transfer of data from trolley, which is actual in its current condition, to its surroundings. Also system includes multiple local stationary devices of data transfer installed along guide track at a distance from each other, every of which comprises signals transmitter, which may send signal received by mobile device of data transfer in trolley, and/or receiver of signals that may receive signal sent by mobile device of trolley data transfer.
EFFECT: higher functional resources and also increased accuracy and reliability of trolley location identification.
15 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; signaling and communication.
SUBSTANCE: proposed group of invention relates to railway automatic controls and is designed for shunting of electric trains and complies with specific requirements to monorail transport system. Electric depot of monorail transport system consists of outer and inner parking tracks for electric trains before entrance and exit gates and inside depot and also transborder. Control line contains digital computer complex connected by communication lines with stationary and mobile control objects outside and inside depot and furnished with subscriber devices and transmit-receive antenna distributed along parking tracks and make in form of radio radiating cables, and stationary and mobile control objects state pickups, stationary and mobile devices generating control signals and system to determine position of electric trains. Stationary control objects are assembled into device representing mimic diagram of depot, alarm bell drive, gate and transborder drives, light signals. Mobile control objects are grouped in electric trains, on parking tracks outside and inside depot and on transborder. Stationary devices for generating control signals are grouped in workstations with stationary control panels, and mobile control signal generating devices, in carry-on remote control panels of depot operator on duty and control cabin of electric train. Stationary control objects, state pickups found of said objects, workstations and system to determine position of electric train are connected with computer complex by wire and/or wireless communication lines by means of access units, and mobile control objects are connected with computer complex by wireless communication lines through access units. Method to control shunting operations in electric depot of monorail transport system includes three steps: receiving of electric train at depot from route of monorail transport system, departing of electric train from depot to route of monorail transport system and re-positioning of electric train inside depot. Depot dispatcher, operator on duty and electric train driver are engaged in said operations.
EFFECT: improved shunting in depot of monorail transport system owing to optimization of control.
14 cl, 3 dwg