System of logical control over operation personnel activities and electrical centralisation hardware state

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway telemetry and ACS and may be used for preventing inadequate actions of operation personnel in emergency and abnormal operation of ACS. Proposed system comprises computerised workstation of traffic controller or station supervisor (TSWS or SSWS) including data input unit and data display, control unit made up of regulatory data storage unit, input data unit, comparator unit and decision-making unit, electric centralisation unit with floor electric centralisation devices connected to control unit and floor hardware state control unit, all said units being connected in series. One inputs/outputs of control unit and floor hardware state control unit are connected via actuators hardware to inputs/outputs of linear post unit connected via data bus with software-and-hardware device of TSWS or SSWS. Appropriate outputs/inputs of software-and-hardware device of TSWS or SSWS are connected to inputs and outputs of input data unit and decision-making unit. Output of regulatory data unit is connected to second input of comparator unit.

EFFECT: preventing inadequate actions of operation personnel in emergency and abnormal operation of ACS.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of automatics and telemechanics and may find application in railway transport to prevent improper actions of operational personnel during emergency situations and abnormal operation of the signaling device.

The closest analogue is the device interlocking switches and signals on the railway transport, including relay and outdoor equipment, case and Executive scheme to set the routes of the trains (see kN. Devices of railway automatics, telemechanics and communications, part I, p.383-385, Moscow, 2006).

The known device carries out the control and management of signalling and interlocking with the Central control room, but does not provide control over the operation of the traffic signal devices in the event of unauthorized overlap of their actions.

Object of the invention is the creation of an effective system of logical control over the actions of operating personnel and the state of hardware electrical interlocking railway in the preparation of routes crossing of trains on the workstations, including the disruption of signaling devices.

The technical result of the invention is to improve control over the operating person is La and the state of hardware electrical interlocking of the railway due to timely warnings of wrong actions of operating personnel, and due to the automatic control of technical condition of electric centralization.

This is achieved by the fact that in the system logical control over the actions of operating personnel and the state of hardware that contains the automated workplace of the train Manager or assistant station (AWS center arm or DSP), including hardware-software device unit information input and information display, the control unit including a storage unit normative data and serially concatenated block input data block comparison and the processing unit decision unit of electric centralization, including outdoor electrical interlocking, connected to the control unit and to control the state of the floor object, the inputs/outputs of which are connected through the instrument of the Executive group to the outputs/inputs of the unit line item connected to the data bus with hardware-software device AWP center or particleboard, relevant inputs and outputs of which are connected to the inputs and outputs respectively of block inputs and block the formation of solutions, while the output of the storage unit of the normative data is connected to the second input of the comparison.

The essence of the claimed system is illustrated by a drawing, which shows a structural diagram of one of the in the of options for the implementation of the proposed system.

The logical system of control over the actions of operating personnel and technical means of electric centralization contains workstation 1 train Manager or assistant station (AWS center arm or DSP), including hardware-software unit 2 unit 3 of the information input and information display 4, the control unit 5 includes a storage unit 9 normative data and serially connected unit 6 input data block 7 comparison and unit 8 forming solution, and the second input unit 7 comparison connected the output of the storage unit of the normative data.

The system also includes a block 10 of electric centralization, including outdoor electrical interlocking: arrow 11, the traffic signal 12 input, isolated areas 13, track circuit and transfers 14 connected to the block 15 control and status monitoring of outdoor objects, inputs/outputs of which are connected through the apparatus 16 of the Executive group to the outputs/inputs of the block 17 line item connected to the data bus with hardware-software device 2 WKS center or particleboard, relevant inputs and outputs of which are connected to the inputs and outputs respectively of block 6 of the input data and the block 8 form a solution. Block 18 power supply is connected to the input supply voltage unit 17 line item and is paratory 16 Executive group.

In block 9 storage normative data in digital form presents an invalid state controlled outdoor facilities, as well as signs of inadmissibility commands a train dispatcher or officer on duty at the station.

Invalid States consider, for example, the installation of the train at the closed entrance traffic light; prohibiting travel light; loss of control free arrows; loss of control busy participating in the route of the arrow; the violation of logic employed site; violation of logic liberated area; control the availability of accident moving, etc.

Signs of inadmissibility commands can be considered, for example, the installation of the route through the moving control of the accident; the sending of commercial trains on the stretch, etc.

The system works as follows.

In the preparation route of the train and a train dispatcher with the help of hardware-software device 2 WKS 1 center automatically every 6 seconds receives information on the state floor of the devices involved in the route. State outdoor objects such as arrow 11, the input light 12, an insulated section 13 and 14 moving to electric circuits through the unit 15 control and status monitoring of outdoor objects guide apparatus 16 of the Executive group, which through the matrix enter the forwards them to the block 17 line item. Forming a database on the status of a group of controlled objects (frame), unit 17 via the communication channels in digital form, and transmits it to the corresponding input of the hardware-software device 2 WKS 1 center. Received hardware-software device 2, the data is passed through the block 6 input block 2 control to one of the inputs of the block 7 comparison to the second input of which receives the data block 9 storage normative data. The comparison results received in block 8 of form a solution. Based on the results of the comparison unit 8 forming solution routes in hardware-software device 2, data about the state of the controlled objects and the appropriate recommendations to the train dispatcher. The data obtained, together with recommendations by means of hardware-software device 2 is displayed on the display 4.

On the basis of the obtained state information of the controlled objects, as well as recommendations received by him train dispatcher manages the outdoor devices. Using the unit 3 train dispatcher generates a control Directive for hardware-software device 2, which in turn, before they are issued for apparatus 16 of the Executive group, transmits them to the block 6 of the input data. With regard to the requirements of normative data block 9 form data for the block 8 is formed is the decision-making.

Unit 8 forming solution 4 in hardware-software device 2 or returns the resolution, or sends the prohibition of issuing the command, specifying the reasons for train dispatcher. Information block 8 is automatically displayed on the display 4.

In case of positive result of a Directive sent through the data transmission channels in the block 17 line item, which converts them into electrical signals for the apparatus 16 of the Executive group. With the validation team for inclusion in the operating status of the arrow 11, the input light 12 or 14 moving unit 15 generates a control and status monitoring of outdoor objects.

Thus, the proposed device logical control in automatic mode monitors the status of the technical means involved in the route of the train, as well as personnel actions, automatically excluding its erroneous actions.

The logical system of control over the actions of operating personnel and the state of hardware that contains the automated workplace of the train Manager or assistant station (AWS center arm or DSP), including hardware-software device unit information input and information display, the control unit including a storage unit normative data and consistently connected the block of the input data, the Comparer and the set of solutions, the unit of electric centralization, including outdoor electrical interlocking, connected to the control unit and to control the state of the floor object, the inputs/ outputs of which are connected through the instrument of the Executive group to the outputs/inputs of the unit line item connected to the data bus with hardware-software device AWP center or particleboard, relevant inputs and outputs of which are connected to the inputs and outputs respectively of block inputs and block the formation of solutions, while the output of the storage unit of the normative data is connected to the second input of the comparison.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

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3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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20 cl, 5 dwg

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37 cl, 3 dwg

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7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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3 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: transportation, physics.

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8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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EFFECT: creation of handheld communication device.

10 cl, 3 dwg

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