Device for supporting decision on preventing special situations when flying aircraft

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: disclosed device further employs a unit for receiving, analysing and processing controlled parametres taking into account assigned and accepted tolerances corresponding to mainly 20% of operating limitations and mainly 20% of extreme limitation s of controlled parametres for separate state of the "Crew-Aircraft" for special situations accepted in airworthiness standards, and a display and viewing unit, wherein the said unit for receiving, analysing and processing controlled parametres is adapted to create a trend of controlled parametres taking into account the assigned and accepted tolerances mentioned above, mainly 20% for operating limitations and mainly 20% on extreme limitation of controlled parametres and furnishing the crew with timely information on entering critical modes, and the said display and viewing unit has a beam diagram.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities owing to improved signal processing and display of said data.

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The invention relates to aircraft on-Board equipment of the aircraft and installed on the aircraft to predict the system state "Crew Aircraft, and decision support to prevent dangerous situations when flying on an aircraft.

Of analogues of the prior art the closest solution to the number of essential features of the prototype can be made to the invention apparatus for forming recommendations to the crew of the aircraft, containing the block allocation of specific States of the aircraft, the unit signals ' perception of dangerous situations, the block selection address and expert advice, the memory block, with n outputs block selection of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes are connected to n first inputs of the block selection address and expert advice, m second inputs of which are connected to the m outputs of the block perception of signals of dangerous situations, m inputs of which are the second input device, the first input of which is are the n inputs of the block allocation of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes, mn outputs block selection address expert advice connected to the mn inputs of the memory block (patent RU 2038631, MKI G05B 23/ 02, the application for invention No. 4675625/23, 11.04. 1989, inventor: Hofma the A.A., applicant: State of the Union Siberian research Institute of aviation to them. S.A.Chaplygin, publication date: 27.06.1995 year).

Disadvantages taken as a prototype of the invention is a Device for generating recommendations to the crew of the aircraft" - compared with the claimed invention are as follows.

1. A lower level of safety because:

in the device dangerous situations are identified based on a limited number of control parameters, as in the device and segregation of dangerous situations on the adopted airworthiness special situations:

- complication of flight conditions - UUP;

- complex situation - SS;

- emergency AC;

- catastrophic situation - COP.

This increases the risk when flying on an aircraft aircraft type.

2. The device does not allow to predict dangerous situations in flight aircraft on the basis of integrated information and its visual representation.

The technical result of the claimed invention is to remedy these disadvantages.

The technical result of the invention, the increased level of safety by reducing risk is achieved by the fact that compared to adopted for the prototype device for generating recommendations for the crew laitat the high apparatus", containing block allocation of specific States of the aircraft, the unit signals ' perception of dangerous situations, the block selection address of expert information, the memory block, with n outputs block selection of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes are connected to n first inputs of the block selection address and expert advice, m second inputs of which are connected to the m outputs of the block perception of signals of dangerous situations, m inputs of which are the second input device, the first inputs of which are the n inputs of the block allocation of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes, mn outputs block selection address expert advice connected to the mn inputs memory block, in the inventive device further introduced the block of reception, processing and analysis of controlled parameters, taking into account scheduled and accepted tolerances on them, corresponding mainly 20% operational limitations and preferably 20% of the limiting constraints of the controlled parameters in a separate system state "Crew - Aircraft" taken airworthiness special situations, appropriate to the complexity of flight conditions - WOP, a difficult situation - SS, emergency - AU catastrophic situation - KS, and the display unit and visualization, and the unit of perception C the signals of dangerous situations a second input connected to the first the output of the reception unit, analysis and processing of monitored parameters, which is connected to the first input to the third input of the second input is connected with the second output unit signals ' perception of dangerous situations, a second output connected to a second input of the block selection address and expert advice, and a third output connected to a second input of the display unit and the rendering the first input is connected to the memory block, and the said block receiving, analyzing and processing of monitored parameters is made with the possibility of the formation of the trend of monitored parameters with the assigned and accepted the above-mentioned tolerances, mainly 20% on their operational limits and preferably 20% by limiting the controlled parameters and issuing timely information to the crew about getting into the critical modes when approaching dangerous or operational limit restrictions or flight modes of the above-mentioned respective special situations, and the aforementioned display unit and visualization contains radiation chart and made with visual assessment, analysis and forecasting of the crew of the Crew of the Aircraft in each moment of time generated by the block of reception, processing and analysis of monitored parameters mentioned the trend of monitored parameters OS is any situations.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict the following :

Figure 1 - shows the functional diagram of the device.

2 is a ray diagram showing visually the state of the system "the Crew of the Aircraft on the display unit and visualization.

The essence of the invention.

Device support decision making on prevention special situations when flying on an aircraft contains a block allocation of specific States of the aircraft 1 (1), block the perception of signals from dangerous situations 2 (figure 1), the block selection address expert information 3 (1), the memory block 4 (figure 1) and the display unit and visualization 5 (figure 1) contains a radiation diagram showing visually the state of the state "Crew Aircraft. The device includes a unit receiving, analyzing and processing of monitored parameters 6 (1) subject assigned and accepted tolerances on them, corresponding mainly 20% operational limitations and preferably 20% of the limiting constraints of the controlled parameters in a separate system state "Crew - Aircraft" taken airworthiness special situations, appropriate to the complexity of flight conditions - WOP, a difficult situation - SS, emergency - AU catastrophic situation - KS, and the display unit and is visualisatie. The first inputs of the device are n inputs of the block allocation of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes 1 (figure 1), with n outputs block selection of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes 1 (figure 1) is connected to n first inputs of the block selection address expert recommendation 3 (1), m second inputs of which are connected to the m outputs of the block perception of signals of dangerous situations 2 (1), m inputs of which are the second inputs of the device, mn outputs block selection address expert recommendation 3 (figure 1) is connected to the mn inputs of the memory block 4 (figure 1). The block perception of signals of dangerous situations 2 (figure 1) the second input is connected to the first output unit receiving, analyzing and processing of monitored parameters 6 (figure 1), which is connected to the first input to the third input of the second input with the second output unit signals ' perception of dangerous situations 2 (figure 1), a second output to the second input of the block selection address expert recommendation 3 (1), and the third output to the second input display unit and visualization 5 (figure 1). The display unit and visualization 5 (1) the first input is connected to the memory unit 4 (figure 1). Radiation diagram (figure 2) block display and visualization 5 (figure 1), showing visually the state of the system "the Crew of the Aircraft depicted area mnogougolnik the and 7 (figure 2), which characterizes the approximation to the special situation of monitored parameters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 (2). Radiation diagram also shows the region of the operating limitations 8 (2) of the controlled parameters and the area of the limiting constraints 9 (2) of the controlled parameters and depicted appointed and accepted tolerances, including 20% tolerance 10 (2) operational limit 8 (2) of the controlled parameters and 20% tolerance 11 (2) limiting 9 (2) of the controlled parameters. The unit of analysis and processing of monitored parameters 6 (figure 1) is made with the possibility of the formation of the trend of monitored parameters and issuing timely information to the crew about getting into the critical modes of approaching a dangerous operational constraints 8 (2) of the controlled parameters or limiting constraints 9 (2) of the controlled parameters or modes of flight. And the display unit and visualization 5 (figure 1) is executed with visual assessment, analysis and forecasting of the crew of the Crew of the Aircraft in each moment of time the trend of monitored parameters, generated by the block of reception, processing and analysis of monitored parameters 6 (figure 1). The proposed device allows monitoring, including estimation of parameters, trend analysis parameters and prognozirovanie system States "Crew Aircraft, to predict about approaching a dangerous operational constraints 9 (2) or threshold limit 11 (2) or flight modes and in a timely manner to inform the crew about getting into the critical modes by issuing the command "hints" to the crew or the choice of control algorithm with an automated control system SAU, providing defensive cover special situations, when dangerous situations are detected in a greater number of control parameters, which increases the safety of an aircraft.

The device operates as follows.

In the normal state of the system "Crew Aircraft, the device monitors the system parameters of the technical condition of the aircraft, the environmental parameters, which are recorded as parameters that have values that are not passed into the zone of tolerance values for parameters.

Signals according to control parameters received by the input unit receiving and processing the monitored parameters 6; exit unit receiving and processing the monitored parameters 6 technically implemented in the form of a code channel associated with the input block selection addresses of expert information 3. The unit receiving and processing the monitored parameters 6 constantly, with the specified time period, carries out the survey and zapomina is their current state of monitored parameters, forms the hazard function and determines the values of monitored parameters for which the hazard function takes the values specified in the airworthiness requirements. The unit receiving and processing the monitored parameters 6 by receiving and processing the monitored parameters with the assigned and accepted tolerances, including 20% tolerance 10 operational limit of 8 controlled parameters and 20% tolerance on 11 limiting 9 controlled parameters, determines the actual values of the controlled parameters, compares them with the target values and, on degree of approximation of actual parameters to normative forms of the function of hazard (risk) of occurrence of particular situations, appropriate to the complexity of flight conditions - WOP, a difficult situation - SS, emergency - AU catastrophic situation - KS. These values represent the operational tolerances of 10 and maximum tolerances 11 for each controlled parameter. Finding the actual monitored parameters are within tolerances, including 20% tolerance 10 operational limit of 8 controlled parameters and 20% tolerance on 11 limiting 9 controlled parameters, assumed to be "0", outside of operating limits 8 controlled parameters and limit restrictions 9 controlled parametersparameters for "1". Thus, a current status of all monitored parameters, which is transmitted from the block 6 block selection address of the expert recommendations 3 and the display unit and visualization 5. Current information on control parameters fed to the input 1 of the display unit and visualization 5 system "Crew Aircraft, and information about the size of the operational tolerances of 10 and maximum tolerances 11, a particular type of situation comes from the unit 6 to the input 2 of the same unit display and visualization 5. In the basis of presenting visual information on radiation chart. The mutual position of the controlled parameters can be anything that is controlled parameters can be grouped by hazard, or onboard systems, or the degree of informativeness. The crew in the form of a chart and its changes can predict the future change of the particular situation. In the present unit of assignment expert recommendations 3 and a memory 4 are expanded due to the increase in the volume of stored information. The device allows the prediction of the system state in the block of reception, processing and analysis of monitored parameters 6 by forming trend monitoring parameters and visually in the display unit and visualization 5 radiation diagram (figure 2) and allows things the government to improve the timeliness and objectivity of the decision-making process for the prevention special situations.

Device support decision making on prevention special situations when flying on an aircraft containing block allocation of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes, the unit signals ' perception of dangerous situations, the block selection address and expert advice, the memory block, with n outputs block selection of specific States of the aircraft and flight modes are connected to n first inputs of the block selection address and expert advice, m second inputs of which are connected to the m outputs of the block perception of signals of dangerous situations, m inputs of which are the second input device, the first inputs of which are the n inputs of the block allocation of specific States of the aircraft and the flight modes, m X n outputs block selection address expert advice connected to an m X n inputs of the memory block, characterized in that the device additionally introduced the block of reception, processing and analysis of controlled parameters, taking into account scheduled and accepted tolerances on them, corresponding mainly 20% operational limitations and preferably 20% of the limiting constraints of the controlled parameters in a separate system state "Crew - Aircraft" taken airworthiness special situations, appropriate slojneni the flight conditions - UUP, a difficult situation - SS, emergency - AU catastrophic situation - KC and the display unit and visualization, and the unit of perception of signals of dangerous situations the second input is connected to the first output unit receiving, analyzing and processing of monitored parameters, which is connected to the first input to the third input of the second input is connected with the second output unit signals ' perception of dangerous situations, a second output connected to a second input of the block selection address and expert advice, and a third output connected to a second input of the display unit and the rendering the first input is connected to the memory block, and the said block reception, processing and analysis of monitored parameters is made with the possibility of the formation of the trend of monitored parameters with the assigned and accepted the above-mentioned tolerances mostly 20% on their operational limits and preferably 20% by limiting the controlled parameters and issuing timely information to the crew about getting into the critical modes when approaching dangerous or operational limit restrictions or flight modes of the above-mentioned respective special situations, and the aforementioned display unit and visualization contains radiation chart and made with visual assessment, analysis prognozirovaniya crew status "Crew Aircraft" in each moment of time generated by the block of reception, processing and analysis of monitored parameters mentioned the trend of monitored parameters for specific situations.



 

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