Spectrometre for proximate analysis of water and water solution magnetic treatment

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises spectrometre including collimator and angular shift scales. Note here that prism is made up of prismatic pan with analysed water arranged between electromagnet poles.

EFFECT: maintaining optimum conditions of water magnetic treatment.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of optical spectrometers, which are used to control the process of magnetised water and water solutions.

Known optical spectrometer, see TSB, which is, according to figure 1, of the optical prism 1 with the input face 2 and the output line 3, the collimator 4 and the screen with a scale of 5. This device is as follows. The beam of light from the light source s through collimator 4 is directed to the input face of the prism 2, is refracted, to the base of the prism. Inside the prism, the beam goes straight to the output line 3. Again refracted and enters the screen with a scale of 5. When this transmitted beam deviates from the position at the angle α. It has been experimentally and theoretically explained that the deflection angle α depends linearly on the optical parameter of the material of the prism, which is called the refractive index of the substance n. For distilled water and it is 1.5. The original white light beam is decomposed into a spectrum so that the red beam is deflected to the base of the prism is less than all other colors.

It's similar, and it provides no magnetic water treatment, no direct analysis of magnetised water.

You know the phenomenon of magnetised water and aqueous solutions, see class I. the Magnetised water systems. - M.: Chemistry, 1982. This is a physical-chemical process ek the pilot already investigated fifty years, and comprehensive theory has not been established. It was established experimentally that the water protexa through a transverse magnetic field of a certain magnitude, changes its physical and chemical properties: increases the concentration of dissolved substances, decreases the surface tension coefficient, etc. These qualitative changes minichannel water can accelerate biochemical processes that are essential for industrial applications.

The dependence of the optical refractive index of water from the magnetic influence on it, see patent SU 1599315 by which minichannel water changes the refractive index. According to this prototype process magnetised and analysis of the optical properties minichannel water run in different devices, which complicates the practical implementation of the analysis result of magnetised water. This disadvantage of the prototype.

The present invention aims at a device for rapid process control of magnetised water by passing the light beam through a prismatic cell with treated water, which is placed between the poles of an electromagnet.

As an example, the device shown in Fig 2.

The device consists of a collimator 4, prismatic cell 6, the electromagnet exciting coil 7 and the magnetic core 8 with what Yusa 9, screen scale 5, the optical beam 10, a light source S, the input face 11 and an output face 12. Water flowing through the prismatic cell not shown for simplicity.

Operates the device in the following way (see figure 3). The beam of light from the source S through the collimator 4 falls on the input face 11 prismatic cell 6 with the flowing of the water under investigation and in accordance with the law of refraction of the optical beam at the interface of the optical medium is refracted through the tested water on the exit face 12, is experiencing a second refraction and gets to the screen with the scale 5, deviated from the original direction by the angle α. This process is known since the time of Newton.

When switching the current in the exciting winding 7 between the poles of an electromagnet 9, a magnetic field. Changing the value of the current in the exciting winding 7 and accordingly the magnetic effect on the flowing water, it is possible to establish a functional dependence

Δα=f(i)

where i is the current in the exciting winding 7,

Δα is the change in the deflection of the optical beam under the influence of a magnetic field, which has a resonant character.

From literary sources for the magnetic treatment of water, it follows that the magnetised water is not always possible to carry out an optimal way, since the process depends on many parameters: the values of magnetodipole, the speed of water movement, chemical composition of the water, water temperature, and many other factors. The analysis of the effect of magnetic treatment is quite a long way.

The present invention will provide rapid analysis of magnetised water by fixing the changes of the deflection angle of the beam in the special, proposed spectrometer.

The device is quite realizable, quite convenient in operation, and the analysis is performed by measuring one angle, i.e. Express. This whole process can be automated.

Literature

1. Class VI the Magnetised water systems. - M.: Chemistry, 1982. This monograph presents a long experience of magnetic treatment of water by many authors.

2. Patent RU 2141927, the essence of a chemical method of analysis of magnetised.

3. -"- EN 2084409 -"-.

4. -"- EN 2066303 -"-.

5. -"- EN 315691 capillary method.

6. -"- SU 1555297 chemical.

7. -"- SU 1562326 PV.

8. -"- SU 1638118 statistics for sludge samples.

9. -"- SU 1599315 check the optical density of the water.

10. -"- SU 1723048 comparison of the expansion of water at 70°.

Spectrometer for rapid analysis of magnetic treatment of water and water solutions, consisting of a collimator and scale angular displacement of the refracted beam, characterized in that the refractive prism is used prismat the ical cuvette with the analyzed water which is placed between the poles of an electromagnet with a variable amount of current in the exciting winding.



 

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