Distributing tray for feed distributor

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a feed distributor for feeding poultry. The feed distributor comprises a distributing tray, having the central part, which is raised relative to the lower surface and interacts with a descending pipe so that the supplied amount of fodder from the descending pipe is distributed along the lower surface of the distributing tray. The descending pipe has a discharge hole with edges. The central part of the distributing tray is connected to the lower surface, which changes into at least partially raising side wall directed outside and changing into an external edge. The side wall at different levels relative to the lower surface in a suitable area, the lower limit of which substantially complies with the minimum specified height of fodder in the distributing tray and complies with height of the specified edges of a fodder discharge hole in the descending pipe relative to the distributing tray, comprises steeply inclined sections of the wall in a stepped configuration. The steeply inclined sections continue in peripheral direction of the side wall so that the steeply inclined sections of the wall form an obstacle for fodder movement by poultry. In the cross section along the central axis of the distributing tray and via a steeply inclined section of the wall the tangential line to the steeply inclined section of the side wall forms an angle of 0° - 50° relative to the central axis via the central axis of the distributing tray. The side wall comprises at least three steeply inclined sections of the wall at various levels relative to the lower surface.

EFFECT: invention prevents screening of components out of the fodder mix by poultry.

18 cl, 8 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a feeder for feeding birds, containing the dispensing tray having a Central portion which is raised relative to the bottom surface and interacts with the descending pipe so that the discharge flow of feed from the descending pipe is distributed over the bottom surface of the distributing tray, while the Central portion of the transfer tray is connected to the bottom surface, which becomes at least partially rising directed outside the side wall, passing the outer edge.

In addition, the invention relates to a distributing tray and the distribution system with feed containing the feed from the transfer trays.

Such feeders are known for example from patent document EP 0421553, VE 08701293, EP 0626133 or EP 0483963. In EP 0421553 shows the feeder is designed for feeding birds roaming freely inside the space in poultry. Complete distribution system feed usually contains storage for storing a large amount of feed and tube transport system, which along pipes for transporting feed with uniform intervals usually are a large number of feeders. Thus, food can be transported from storage to different feeding areas. In the space of Petit is efermi pipes for transporting feed located at a constant distance relative to each other.

Shows the feeder has a Cup-shaped tray on which food is offered to the birds. The bowl-shaped tray has a raised outer edge. The outer edge of the bowl-shaped tray attached to the push-on ring lattice by means of snap connections. The grid contains a series of curved rods. The gap between the rods forms a feeding area and provide birds access to food in the bowl-shaped tray. The conical Central part of the bowl-shaped tray interacts with the descending pipe, which is located above the Central part. Between the down pipe and the conical Central part of the bowl-shaped tray has an opening through which feed is supplied from a pipe for transporting feed, and through the descending pipe, enters the bowl-shaped tray. Thus, the feed is distributed evenly across the bowl-shaped tray. In many cases, food is used in powdered or granular form and contains a mixture of components.

The disadvantage of this feeder is that birds have the ability to tsevat various components from the feed. To ensure good growth and immunity to disease, it is important that the birds were fed a balanced mixture components. However, when the birds will be simultaneously offered different components in the mixture, the birds will have the preference for specific components. Components that are less valued, are selected from the mixture and move. This screening is especially seen with the chickens-laying hens.

As a result of this screening birds will eat less variety of food that will be unfavorable for the growth of the birds. This will lead to differences in growth within the group of birds, as not every bird will get a feed of the same composition. Some birds will grow faster than other birds, as these birds will have a preference to growth-enhancing components contained in the feed mixture. As a result of dropout feed will lag behind the growth of other birds. Therefore, the growth of the birds uneven across the group of birds.

In addition, fines in the feed leads to other differences in the group of birds, as, for example, differences in health status and quality of eggs. It is clear that screening is a phenomenon which is not desirable for the grower.

During the screening components of the feed mixture is removed from the hole between the down pipe and the conical Central part of the bowl-shaped tray, so that the bowl-shaped tray drops again fresh food. Components that are less preferred by birds, accumulate, resulting in food that is served in a bowl-shaped tray is shifted to the outer peripheral edge near the peripheral edge of the bowl-shaped tray.

Offset feed in this case leads to the second disadvantage. The feed, which is located near the peripheral edge of the bowl-shaped tray, faster interspersed through this peripheral edge. Peresypkina food usually falls through the grate and, thus, no longer consumed, resulting in economic loss to the poultry farms. In addition, Peresypkina food creates a possible source of fungi and bacteria. Peresypkina food is no longer fresh, and if it is eating birds may have a negative impact on the health of the birds.

The present invention is at least partly eliminate the above disadvantages and/or the provision of practical alternatives. In particular, the object of the invention is to provide a feeder which prevents dropout birds of the components of the proposed feed mixture.

This problem is solved through a feeder for feeding birds, as defined in paragraph 1 of the claims.

A feeder for feeding birds contains dispensing tray having a Central portion which is raised relative to the bottom surface. The raised Central portion interacts with the descending pipe in such a way that served the volume of food distributed over the bottom surface of the transfer tray. The Central part is joined with the bottom surface, which becomes, for less than the least in part, rising directed outside the side wall. The side wall passes the outer edge.

The feeder according to the invention is characterized in that the dispensing tray in the side wall at different levels relative to the bottom surface and the right area, the lower limit of which essentially corresponds to the minimum specified height of the feed in the dispenser tray and corresponds to the height of the edges of the discharge of the feed opening at a downstream pipe relative to the transfer tray includes a stepped manner, at least three krutschonych of the wall section, which extend in the peripheral direction of the side wall so that crotolaria parts of the wall form an obstacle to the movement of the feed birds. In cross-section along the Central axis of the transfer tray and through cratsley plot side tangent line to kutokana section of the side wall is the angle α from 0° to 50° relative to the Central axis through the Central portion of the transfer tray.

The presence krutschonych sections of the wall successfully prevents dropping components from the sent amount of food. One cratsley the wall section is preferably located at the level directly above the food or adhering to it at the bottom of the transfer tray. Crotolaria parts of the wall serve as pre atste. Birds are forced to take disqualified feed on krotoschin the wall section in order to be able to move it. Thus, screening of feed becomes impossible and/or more difficult for the birds.

If birds will still filter out certain components of the proposed feed and move them to the area of the side wall near the outer edge, then moved the feed will be mixed with the feed at the bottom of the distributing tray due to the presence of krutschonych sections of the wall. Originally displaced volume of the feed is separated from the feed at the bottom of the distributing tray due to the fact that cratsley a wall section continues in a direction essentially parallel to the outer edge. When eating food the bird repeatedly hitting the transfer tray. This leads to the fact that the displaced volume of the feed on the side slides on kutokana area and falls with his food, which is at the bottom of the transfer tray. So bushed, hillside plot of the wall ensures that the offered food is better kept at the bottom of the transfer tray. He was less distributed over the entire side wall of the transfer tray. Because food is relatively easy returns to stern proposed in the dispenser tray, the birds are more difficult to sift through the proposed feed.

The dropout prevention and reduction pouring feed leads to a noticeable savings. Tests have shown, the dispenser tray according to the invention can reduce Parisiana feed more than 30%, which allows for significant savings in the cost of food. In addition, improved hygiene in space, which contains birds.

At least three, in particular at least five bushed, hillside areas without side wall located on several levels, provide the advantage that it is not acceptable to the volume displaced feed became excessively large. When the volume of the displaced feed gets too high, it will not or hardly will slide to the bottom surface of the impact of birds on the transfer tray, and, thus, less effective protivodejstvuet screenings feed.

In one embodiment of the invention in the form of a vertical side wall has upper and lower parts, of which the lower part contains at least two krutschonych of the wall section.

The outer edge of the distributing tray preferably is a steep wall, which has a beaded edge and provided with fastening means for other parts of the feeder. In addition, the steep wall prevents Parisiana feed of the transfer tray. Beaded edge makes the outer edge is less sharp for the birds to achieve the Orme bends down over the outer edge.

The side wall includes upper and lower halves. According to the invention the side wall is in its lower half contains at least two krutschonych section of the wall at different levels relative to the bottom surface. Crotolaria parts of the wall are particularly effective against dropout feed when they are located in the lower half of the side wall of the distributing tray, because, in General, food is offered in the lower half of the distributing tray on the bottom surface. It is useful to have at least two krutschonych of the wall section in cases where the feeder has an adjustable downward pipe. Adjusting the height of the descending pipe, you can offer food at different levels in the dispenser tray. As a rule, use two positioning. Crotolaria areas of the side wall may be located at essentially the same level with adjustable heights of the edges of the discharge openings of the descending pipe. One of krutschonych sections of the side wall may be below the level of the submitted volume of feed in the dispenser tray, so it is advantageous, if crotolaria sections of wall are present at two levels.

In one specific embodiment of the invention to the outer edge of the adjacent, essentially flat wall section connected with krotoschin the wall section in b is a similar wall of the distributing tray. At least one cratsley the wall section is located at a different level in the side wall. In this case, it is useful to weed out food near the outer edge returned to the poop, which is located at the bottom of the transfer tray. Food that is nearest to the outer edge, the first thrown through the outer edge. Therefore, it is useful if this food near the outer edge of the drifts due to the presence of kromochnogo section in the side wall of the transfer tray.

In one specific embodiment of the invention the side wall of the transfer tray according to the invention does not contain kromochnogo plot in the upper half of the side wall. The presence krutschonych sections in the side wall of the distributing tray partly determines the height of the transfer tray. The advantage of this variant embodiment of the invention is that limited the height of the transfer tray. This makes this variant of the invention, particularly suitable for relatively small birds, such as quail and chickens laying hens. Depending on the tray use its geometric parameters can be adjusted to fit different sizes of birds, such as turkeys, chickens and quail, by varying the number krutschonych sections of the wall.

In another specific embodiment, implementation of the program of the invention cratsley plot in the side wall is essentially continuous in the peripheral direction of the side wall. In use, essentially continuous kromochnogo section of the wall of the dispensing tray has relatively few edges and corners. This successfully prevents the contamination of the transfer tray. A useful effect is already achieved by kromochnogo of the wall section, which is partially continuous in the peripheral direction of the side wall and extends at least along the length of approximately one feeding. A useful effect is largely achieved through kromochnogo of the wall section, which is partially continuous in the peripheral direction of the side wall and extends at least along the length of approximately one-third of the peripheral length of the side wall.

In many cases transfer trays are round or oval. If at the time of manufacture using the mold, it is advisable, if cratsley the wall section is not interrupted in the peripheral direction. This allows the manufacture of a mold for a smaller number of technological operations and, thus, reduce the associated costs.

Additional preferred embodiments of the feeder defined in the other dependent claims, from which retene.

In addition, the invention relates to a distributing tray under item 17 of the claims and the distribution of food under paragraph 18 of the claims.

The invention will be explained in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which shows a practical variant of the invention, which in no way should be considered as restrictive, and on which:

figure 1 is a side view in section filled food feeder according to the prior art;

figure 2 is a perspective view of the feeder according to the invention;

figure 3 is a perspective bottom view of a distributing tray according to the invention;

4 is a side view in section of a distributing tray 3 having several krutschonych sections in the side wall;

5 is a side view in section of a distributing tray according to the invention, having a uniform distribution krutschonych sections of the side wall;

6 is an enlarged partial view of the side wall of the transfer tray 5;

7 is a schematic enlarged partial view of the side wall as an alternative to the side wall figure 6, and

Fig is a schematic enlarged partial view of the side wall as an alternative to the side wall figure 6.

Figure 1 shows a feeder, known from the prior art and having a round bowl-shaped tray 99, which are suspended above the ground 95 the t pipe 96 of the feed conveyor through the grid 98 and descending pipe 97. The bowl-shaped tray filled with 99 94 food. The bowl-shaped tray 99 has a conical Central portion 93 which cooperates with the conical part of the descending pipe 97 so that a hole, through which the feed 94 can be moved to the bottom of the bowl-shaped tray 99. The descending pipe 97 can be adjusted so that the feed can be offered at different levels in a Cup-shaped tray 99. Conical Central portion 93 is connected with the lower surface 92, which forms a groove on the bottom of the bowl-shaped tray 99. Cup-shaped trays, which are used for laying hens usually have canalobre the bottom surface with the depth of groove up to four centimeters. Manawaiopuna the bottom surface 92 of the bowl-shaped tray 99 through a curved surface 88 enters the rising side wall 89, which ends in the outer edge 91.

In figure 1 the outer edge 91 is circular. At the location of the outer edge 91 of the Cup-shaped tray attached to the bars 98 by means of a snap connection. The bars 98 has the rods 90. The gap between the rods 90 forms a feeding area and give the birds access to the feed-94 at the bottom of the bowl-shaped tray 99.

Figure 2 shows a perspective view of the feeder according to the invention. The feeder shown in figure 2 below. As you can clearly see handout is Otok 1 has a Central portion 2, which in this case has a conical shape, the lower surface 3 and side wall 4 with the step located crotolaria sections 4A wall and essentially flat sections 4b wall. The side wall 4 is inclined rises and goes to the outer edge 5. Transfer the tray 1 is attached to the grate with 6 cores and descending pipe 7. As shown in figure 2 bushed, hillside areas 4A walls are continuous and continuing parallel to the outer edge 5.

Figure 3 shows a perspective bottom view of a distributing tray 1. Crotolaria sections 4A walls are partly continuous in the peripheral direction of the side wall, while cratsley a wall section, at least, continues along the length of the at least two feeding areas.

Figure 4 shows a side view in section of a distributing tray 1. Transfer the tray 1 has a Central portion 2, which in this case has a conical shape. The Central part 2 goes into the bottom surface 3 and through the curved surface 3A in the side wall 4. The side wall 4 is inclined rises and goes to the outer edge 5. In the vertical direction of the side wall 4 has an upper half 4 and the lower half of 4d. The side wall 4 has four krutschonych section 4A of the wall and essentially flat sections 4b of the wall.

The bottom surface 3 has a shape to the skill sets and through the curved surface 3A enters the side wall 4. In this case, the curved surface 3A has a radius of 150 mm, measured from the Central axis of the transfer tray. Curved surface 3A, essentially parallel to the outer edge 5 and is from him at a distance of at least 30 mm, measured at right angles to the Central axis of the transfer tray. These dimensions define the distance between the filed amount of feed and the outer edge 5 so as to prevent Parisiana feed through the outer edge. When using these dimensions shown handout tray particularly suitable for feeding laying hens.

Cratsley a wall section covers raznovysotnoet in at least 2 mm. So bushed, hillside plot of wall successfully separates the proposed food and displaced food in the dispenser tray at different volumes due to the fact that raznovysotnoet corresponds to the size of the grains in the feed mixture.

As the size of grains in the diet is usually less than 2 mm, raznovysotnoet, which should overlap krotoschin the wall section, is preferably more than 2 mm, This raznovysotnoet leads to the proper separation between the displaced feed and food offered at the bottom of the transfer tray. Impact of birds on the transfer tray food will be moved to slide in the direction of the Central part of the discharge is denied. As a result of raznovysotnoet moved the feed location kromochnogo section of the wall will fall on the food near the bottom kromochnogo of the wall section. Thus, the volume of feed at the bottom of the distributing tray remains thickened, thus effectively prevented as the filtration feed and Parisiana feed through the outer edge.

Figure 5 shows a sectional feeder according to the invention. Transfer the tray 1 has a conical Central part 2, passing in canalobre bottom surface 3, which through a smooth curved surface 3A enters the side wall 4, ending at the outer edge 5. The side wall 4 is raised and at several levels relative to the bottom surface 3 has crotolaria sections 4A wall and essentially flat sections 4b of the wall.

Filed feed volume 8 will first be placed at the bottom of the distributing tray 1 level canalobre bottom surface 3. Feed 8 consists of a mixture of components. The installation height of the descending pipe 7 determines the amount of feed 8, which flows from the discharge holes of the descending pipe in the lower part of the transfer tray. The incoming feed will usually adhere to the side wall to the specified level. Typically, this level is essentially equal to the level of the edges of the discharge openings of the descending pipe. This level is the image of the t lower height limit for the right area, which can be effectively located crotolaria parts of the wall. The upper limit of this region corresponds to the outer edge of the tray or may be 1 cm below it.

If the descending pipe can be installed at different levels (heights), the lowest position of the descending pipe defines a suitable area in the side wall relative to the presence krutschonych sections of the wall. The incoming feed will be adjacent to the side wall to a specified minimum level (height). Region in the side wall, which is located above the level of the discharge openings at the maximum lower position of the descending pipe, suitable for krutschonych sections of the wall.

If the discharge hole of the descending pipe can be adjusted according to the height of a stepped manner, the side wall preferably has crotolaria parts of the wall at essentially the same levels (altitudes). In crotolaria parts of the walls preferably are arranged so that in each position of the descending pipe they continue directly above the feed and, thus, prevents Parisiana feed through the outer edge.

Cratsley section 4A of the wall adjacent the stern 8, forms a barrier that prevents Parisiana mixture. However, birds are capable of being the pour and move some components filed feed that leads to some volume of displaced feed on essentially flat plot 4b wall, located at a higher level in the side wall 4. Thus, the volume displaced feed is separated from the submitted volume of feed at the bottom of the distributing tray 1. Impact of birds on the outer edge 5 of handout tray 1 volume displaced feed will slip off, essentially flat section 4b of the side wall 4 to the downstream, essentially flat section 4b, while the volume displaced feed is added to the volume of feed at the bottom of the distributing tray 1. Thus, successfully reduced the moving feed birds and Parisiana through the outer edge. On the side wall 4 crotolaria sections 4A wall distributed with essentially uniform intervals in a vertical direction relative to each other. In addition, the vertical and horizontal dimensions of each kromochnogo section 4A of the wall and essentially flat section 4b of the wall are essentially the same, and, thus, provides a simple design.

Figure 5 all side wall 4 provided with trucoslandia sections 4A wall and essentially flat sections 4b of the wall, so that the entire side wall 4 is effectively used to prevent pouring filed feed.

Figure 6 shows an enlarged h is a partial view of the side wall 4 figure 5 with existing krotoschin section 4A of the wall and, essentially, the flat section 4b of the wall. It is possible that behind, essentially flat section 4b of the wall remains displaced volume of feed. Cratsley section 4A of the wall along the radius R becomes essentially flat section 4b of the wall. Cratsley section 4A of the wall is essentially vertical. The tangent line to kutokana section 4A of the wall forms an angle α relative to a vertical line parallel to the Central axis of the distributing tray 1. The angle α is preferably from 0° to 50°, preferably at least 0° and most preferably 15°. Using a small angle α, equal to, for example, 3°, is reached by a good angle of the bevel in the case of manufacturing distributing tray 1 using the mold. Essentially, a flat section 4b of the wall is at an angle β relative to a tangent line to kutokana section 4A of the wall.

Preferably, essentially flat plot 4b walls connected with krotoschin section 4A of the wall at an angle β 90-145° relative kromochnogo section 4A of the wall. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the wall section, which goes into a vertical wall section, is an angle β of about 120° to this steep section. As installed, this angle achieved good results in preventing pouring feed. In the small slope, essentially flat wall section displaced food easier to glide towards the Central part of the transfer tray.

Essentially, a flat section 4b of the wall, coupled with krotoschin section 4A of the side walls of the distributing tray 1, and preferably is at an angle to the horizontal equal to from 0° to 30°.

7 and 8 schematically illustrates various alternative embodiments of krutschonych sections 4A wall and essentially flat sections 4b of the side wall 4 of handout tray 1. 7 shows a stepped configuration in which crotolaria sections 4A walls are essentially vertical, and essentially flat sections 4b walls are essentially horizontal. In this case, the height h and length 1, respectively kromochnogo section 4A of the wall and essentially flat section 4b walls are essentially identical to each other. Cratsley section 4A of the wall becomes essentially flat portion 4b of the wall on a small radius R, which is essentially equal to the thickness of the side wall 4. Essentially, the flat sections 4b of the side wall 4 has length 1 in the direction at right angles to the center axis, is equal to at least 2 mm.

On Fig shows a variant of the stepped configuration shown in Fig.7. Crotolaria sections 4A wall radius R smoothly into, there is society, the flat sections 4b of the wall.

On Fig side wall 4 has no direct parts or corners. This successfully prevents the abandonment of the forage in the corners. Due to the absence of edges and corners to prevent rapid contamination of distributing tray 1.

In addition to the embodiments of the invention shown in the drawings, it may be many other options. In one embodiment, the shown transfer tray outer edge of the transfer tray may have any shape. Thus, the outer edge can be round, oval with straight sides, elliptical, rectangular with rounded corners, hexagonal, in the form of a trefoil, etc. Crotolaria areas of the side wall is usually essentially parallel to the outer edge. Shown crotolaria parts of the wall continues, at least in part continuously in the peripheral direction of the side wall. Crotolaria parts of the wall may be interrupted in disordered selected locations. In addition bushed, hillside areas of the wall may be interrupted in disordered selected number of locations. For example, in one embodiment, the total length krutschonych sections of the wall at some level may be equal to at least half the length of the side wall in the peripheral direction at this level, location krutschonych sections of the walls is I. In one embodiment, crotolaria areas of the side wall can have a different height sizes. By essentially flat parts of the side wall is achieved desired geometric parameters of the transfer tray. However, essentially, flat areas of wall can be performed in a manner different from that shown, for example curved, concave or convex.

In the shown embodiment of the invention crotolaria parts of the wall built into the side wall of the transfer tray. The side wall of the distributing tray made whole. However, it is also possible to install parts on the side wall of the distributing tray so that the formed crotolaria areas in the side wall of the transfer tray.

In the same species shown formed entirely of distributing tray transfer tray may consist of several parts. Additional versions of this variant of the invention, the portion of the transfer tray can be a complete lattice with rods, which are usually attached to the outer edge of the transfer tray in the form of individual parts. In this case crotolaria parts of the walls can also be built into a separate part, which forms a lattice with rods and which, in addition, partly serves as part of the transfer tray.

In particular the Ohm variant of the invention the dispensing tray can be made in this way, the level of feed is relatively high compared to the overall height of the side wall. The desired level of feed may, for example, to reach half the height of the side wall or above it. In this case, use at least two krutschonych section of the wall on the right area, with the lower limit, which essentially corresponds to the desired level of food.

In addition, as already proven, it is helpful to have a handout tray with at least two trucoslandia areas in the side wall, in which the lower half is free from krutschonych areas of the wall or in the bottom half of the side wall built only one cratsley the wall section. Crotolaria parts of the wall in the upper half of the side wall positively contribute towards the prevention of dropout feed.

Thus, the dispensing tray feeder according to the invention ensures feeder that prevents Parisiana feed and, in particular, its eruption out of the wagon.

1. A feeder for feeding birds, containing the transfer tray (1)having a Central part (2), which is raised relative to the bottom surface (3) and interacts with the descending pipe (7) in such a way that served the volume of feed (8) of the descending pipe (7) is distributed over the lower p the surface (3, 3A) of the transfer tray (1), and the descending pipe (7) has a discharge opening with the edges and the Central part (2) transfer of the tray (1) is connected with the bottom surface (3), which becomes at least partially rising directed outside the side wall (4), passing the outer edge (5), the lateral wall at different levels relative to the bottom surface (3, 3A) in a suitable area, the lower limit of which essentially corresponds to the minimum specified height of the feed in the dispenser tray and corresponds to the height above the edges of the discharge of the feed opening (8) in the descending pipe (7) relative to the transfer tray (1), contains crotolaria sections (4A) of the wall in a stepped configuration, which extend in the peripheral direction of the side wall so that crotolaria sections (4A) wall form an obstacle to the movement of the feed (8) birds, characterized in that in cross-section along the Central axis of the transfer tray (1) and through cratsley section (4A) of the wall of the tangent line to kutokana section (4A) of the side wall (4) forms an angle α from 0 to 50° relative to the Central axis through the Central part (2) transfer of the tray (1)with side wall (4) contains at least three krutschonych section (4A) of the wall at different levels relative to the bottom surface 3, 3A).

2. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the upper limit specified a suitable region in the side wall corresponds to the outer edge of distributing tray.

3. The feeder according to claim 1, in which specified a suitable area has an upper limit, which is 1 cm below the outer edge of the transfer tray.

4. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1) contains the upper part (4C) and lower part (4d), while the lower part (4d) of the side wall (4) contains crotolaria sections (4A) of the side walls, which extend in the peripheral direction of the side wall at different levels relative to the bottom surface (3, 3A) so that crotolaria sections (4A) wall form an obstacle to the movement of the feed (8) birds.

5. The feeder according to claim 1, in which crotolaria sections (4A) of the wall are located in the lower part (4d) of the side wall (4) and in which there is no krutschonych sections (4A) of the wall in the upper portion (4C) of the side wall (4).

6. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1) contains the upper part (4C) and lower part (4d), each of these parts (4C, 4d) of the side wall (4) contains at least one cratsley section (4A) of the wall.

7. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the essentially flat portion (4b) of the wall, which is connected with krotoski is authorized by section (4A) of the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1), adjacent to the outer edge (5), the tangent line to the essentially flat section (4b) of the wall, which is connected with krotoschin section (4A) of the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1), forms an angle β from 90 to 145° relative to a tangent line to the adjacent kutokana section (4A) of the wall.

8. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1) contains at least five krutschonych sections (4A) of the wall.

9. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the descending pipe can be adjusted stepwise manner up to a certain height relative to the transfer of the tray, while crotolaria areas of the side wall are located on levels that are essentially identical with adjustable heights of the edges of the discharge opening of the descending pipe.

10. The feeder according to claim 1, in which crotolaria sections (4A) of the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1) are essentially continuous in the peripheral direction of the side wall.

11. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the bottom surface (3) transfer of the tray (1) has the form of a groove and enters the side wall (4) on the curve (3A).

12. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the bottom surface (3) transfer of the tray (1) into the side wall along the curve (3A), which is essentially parallel to the outer edge (5) at a distance, Melsheimer, 30 mm, measured from the outer edge (5) at right angles to the Central axis of the transfer tray (1).

13. The feeder according to claim 1, in which crotolaria sections (4A) of the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1) distributed along the side wall (4) with essentially regular intervals in the vertical direction.

14. The feeder according to claim 1, in which crotolaria sections (4A) of the side wall (4) transfer of the tray (1) have a height (h)of at least 2 mm.

15. The feeder according to claim 1, in which the angle α has a value of at least 0°but not more than 15°.

16. The feeder according to claim 1, in which, essentially, flat plot (4b) of the wall, coupled with krotoschin section (4A) of the side wall of the transfer tray (1), is located at an angle relative to the horizontal, comprising from 0 to 30°.

17. The dispenser tray (1), explicitly designed for feeder according to any one of claims 1 to 16.

18. Feeding system containing the feed according to any one of claims 1 to 16.



 

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19 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has feed supplying tube, which is held above poultry house floor so as to be raised and lowered. Feed supplying tube is equipped with number of apertures, to each of which corresponds bowl-shaped device hung to said tube. Bowl-shaped device has dispensing tube branched from discharge aperture and feed bowl located under dispensing tube and provided with bowl bell defined by diverging radial grid rods. Dispensing tube consists of inner cylinder branched from discharge aperture and outer cylinder embracing inner cylinder. Bowl is hanging from grid rods of outer cylinder bowl bell so that said bowl is lowered when feed supplying tube is lowered. Outer cylinder is located on inner cylinder for rotation, raising and lowering. Lowering and raising of outer cylinder are restricted by means of at least one stroke restricting device. Apparatus has at least one rotation restricting device adapted for restricting rotation of outer cylinder relative to inner cylinder. Such construction allows feed level in feeders to be adjusted in accordance with chicken height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in uniform dispensing of feed and simplified washing of feeding bowls with water.

19 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has feed supplying tube, which is held above poultry house floor so as to be raised and lowered. Feed supplying tube is equipped with number of apertures, to each of which corresponds bowl-shaped device hung to said tube. Bowl-shaped device has dispensing tube branched from discharge aperture and feed bowl located under dispensing tube and provided with bowl bell defined by diverging radial grid rods. Dispensing tube consists of inner cylinder branched from discharge aperture and outer cylinder embracing inner cylinder. Bowl is hanging from grid rods of outer cylinder bowl bell so that said bowl is lowered when feed supplying tube is lowered. Outer cylinder is located on inner cylinder for rotation, raising and lowering. Lowering and raising of outer cylinder are restricted by means of at least one stroke restricting device. Apparatus has at least one rotation restricting device adapted for restricting rotation of outer cylinder relative to inner cylinder. Such construction allows feed level in feeders to be adjusted in accordance with chicken height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in uniform dispensing of feed and simplified washing of feeding bowls with water.

19 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has feed supplying tube, which is held above poultry house floor so as to be raised and lowered. Feed supplying tube is equipped with number of discharge apertures, to each of which corresponds bowl-shaped device hung to said tube. Bowl-shaped device has dispensing tube branched from discharge aperture and feed bowl located under dispensing tube and provided with bowl bell, which is defined by diverging radial grid rods. Dispensing tube consists of inner cylinder branched from discharge aperture and outer cylinder embracing inner cylinder. Bowl is hung by means of grid rods of outer cylinder bowl bell so that said bowl is lowered when feed supplying tube is lowered. Outer cylinder is located on inner cylinder for rotation, raising and lowering. Lowering and raising of outer cylinder are restricted by means of at least one stroke restricting device. Outer and inner cylinders are defined by cylinder parts adhering to and axially aligned with respect to one another. End edges of cylinder parts facing one another are connected to each other through connecting webs overlapping gap region which corresponds to space between cylinder parts. Such construction allows feed level in feeders to be adjusted in accordance with chicken height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in uniform dispensing of feed and simplified washing of feeding bowls with water.

19 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: feeder comprises feed duct, feeding pan and grid. The feeding pan bottom is protected by a rubber insertion 4-6 mm thick to prevent damage of the poultry beak. The grid is fitted by an above set split ring with beams to separate the grid into additional sections. The split ring is fitted with a catch on the one side, and a hinge on the other side to form a solid ring when connected.

EFFECT: restraining movement of poultry neck during feeding, reducing scattering of feeds and poultry death.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a feed distributor for feeding poultry. The feed distributor comprises a distributing tray, having the central part, which is raised relative to the lower surface and interacts with a descending pipe so that the supplied amount of fodder from the descending pipe is distributed along the lower surface of the distributing tray. The descending pipe has a discharge hole with edges. The central part of the distributing tray is connected to the lower surface, which changes into at least partially raising side wall directed outside and changing into an external edge. The side wall at different levels relative to the lower surface in a suitable area, the lower limit of which substantially complies with the minimum specified height of fodder in the distributing tray and complies with height of the specified edges of a fodder discharge hole in the descending pipe relative to the distributing tray, comprises steeply inclined sections of the wall in a stepped configuration. The steeply inclined sections continue in peripheral direction of the side wall so that the steeply inclined sections of the wall form an obstacle for fodder movement by poultry. In the cross section along the central axis of the distributing tray and via a steeply inclined section of the wall the tangential line to the steeply inclined section of the side wall forms an angle of 0° - 50° relative to the central axis via the central axis of the distributing tray. The side wall comprises at least three steeply inclined sections of the wall at various levels relative to the lower surface.

EFFECT: invention prevents screening of components out of the fodder mix by poultry.

18 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture, namely, to poultry keeping. The proposed compartment of the incubator, being a device for artificial hatching of chickens from eggs providing access of chickens to fodder in process of hatching in the incubator without reduction in hatchability or survivability comprises a hatching tray and at least one feeding trough installed inside the compartment. The hatching tray comprises a bottom and at least one wall of the hatching tray. The feeding trough comprises a bottom and at least one transparent wall of the feeding trough. The specified tray and trough are contained in the specified compartment of the incubator so that in the compartment itself incubation, hatching and feeding of chickens after hatching are provided. The invention also discloses the incubator comprising the specified compartment of the incubator.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides for increased live mass of chickens without reduction of their hatchability or survivability.

16 cl, 12 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a feed distributor for feeding poultry. The feed distributor comprises a feed crib with the middle part raised with respect to the base. The base is made of a plastic material and of wear resistant material connected with this plastic material. And the wear resistant material forms an impermeable and substantially adjacent layer to protect the base at the place of location of the said layer from penetration with poultry beaks. The method of manufacturing the feed distributor lies in the fact that the impermeable and substantially adjacent layer is attached to the plastic material of the base by pressure casting.

EFFECT: in the feed distributor the stability of the feed crib to its pecking by the poultry is provided.

17 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: feeding device for feeding poultry comprises: a plate-shaped distributing tray with the outer peripheral edge; a feeding drop tubes opening over the central part of the tray so that the volume of feed transported to the drop tubes is distributed over the bottom surface of the tray; rods connecting tray to the drop tubes. There are openings between the rods so as the poultry has access to the feed which is distributed in the tray, at that these openings are limited by the sides of the device parts facing the said openings. At least a part of the said sides of the parts, facing the said openings have a cross section with non-pointed edges, which is made peripherally closed. The novelty of the invention is that the peripherally closed parts are at least partially made of foamed plastic.

EFFECT: reduction of injuries to poultry, increasing ease of cleaning and reduction of weight of the device.

15 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The feeding trough where the forage is supplied from the main pipe, contains a plate (101) with two wall with common axis - an internal wall (102) and an external wall (103) - which enclose the central chamber (104) and a circular chamber (105), and the vertical stand (106) for forage supply installed at the bottom of the central chamber (104) at the centre and passing up to the main pipe (107) for forage supply with which the forage supply stand (106) remains joined because it is formed by two coaxial tubes: a fixed internal tube (108) the top part of which goes out of the main pipe (107), and an external tube (109) which is implemented with a possibility of vertical movement along the internal tube (108) between the top and bottom boundary positions. The mobile external tube (109) in addition contains several radial ribs (117) which protrude below its bottom edge and form a support for an external tube (109) above the central chamber (104) bottom when the external tube (109) is in the lower boundary position.

EFFECT: forage losses and/or missing of from a feeding trough are avoided.

8 cl, 12 dwg

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