Protective coating for window glass

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for protective coating for window glass. The invention discloses a composition which contains a) one or more film-forming resins which contain acrylic and/or methacrylic functional fragments; b) one or more reactive diluents which contain an acrylate functional group; c) one or more compounds which promote adhesion of the composition to glass, which contain a product of a Michael reaction, having four or more siloxane groups, at least one acrylate group and a tertiary amine group; d) one or more filler substances, capable of endowing compositions with wear-resistance in solidified state; and e) one or more compounds which can react with a film-forming resin, which contain at least one acid fragment.

EFFECT: composition ensures high adhesion of the coating to adhesive substances on a structure in the absence of an undercoat.

16 cl, 5 dwg, 28 tbl, 38 ex

 

CROSS REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the priority of provisional application U.S. No. 60/692 318, filed June 20, 2005

The technical FIELD TO WHICH the INVENTION RELATES.

The present invention relates to a coating for glass, plastic, or plastic with abrasion-resistant coating. Coating of the present invention preferably colored pigment and preferred conditions delay 99% or more of light passing through them. In addition, the present invention relates to a method for coating glass or plastic with coating, and method of mounting such a covered glass or plastic window for design, for example a vehicle or a building. In another embodiment, the invention is a system, applicable for fastening the glass or coated plastic to the design, including the coating of the present invention, and an adhesive substance, which binds to the coating of the present invention, when it is applied to the glass or coated plastic, and which, in addition, binds to the surface of the structure. In a preferred embodiment, the glass or coated plastic can be attached to the structure without the necessity of applying the primer to the window before the operation of the attachment.

PREDPOSYLKI THE INVENTIONS

The fastening of the window to the designs often require cleaning the window surface before applying the adhesive to remove dirt, applying the primer to the area of the window, which should be applied to the substance, and then applying adhesive to the entire perimeter of the window. After this window is coated with an adhesive is placed in the window frame structure, and between the window frame and the window is an adhesive is dried to hold the window in place. As a rule, on the surface of the window along its perimeter to form a layer of the coating, and this coating is often referred to as enamel or Frit. The floor is usually a black frame, which is used to prevent the destruction of the adhesive under the action of ultraviolet radiation, in addition, the frame is a tool to hide the internal color finish and adhesive. These enamel usually are ceramic based and require curing firing temperature from about 500°C to 700°C. so that the adhesive associated with this enamel requires the use of soil. The ground is applied to the surface of the ceramic enamel is placed on the surface of the window. Ceramic enamel applied on the glass mostly to make the glass forms. For use as a windscreen, in many cases, the glass is required shall be heat-treated. In most methods of processing the glass give the desired shape after application and curing of ceramic enamel.

The problem with this method is that you need a soil that can provide long-lasting adhesion between an adhesive and applied to the glass enamel. Further, undesirable high temperature required for curing the ceramic enamels. In addition, inorganic ceramic coating is fused into the glass, makes it difficult to reuse the glass, if during the glass manufacturing defect occurs or upon expiration of the service life of the vehicle.

The coating is necessary for glass, which can be applied without the use of very high temperatures for curing, which can communicate with standard adhesives without the need for pre-primer coating and which facilitates the reuse of glass.

The INVENTION

In one of the embodiments the invention relates to compositions, including:

a) one or more film forming resins having at least one functional group that can participate in the polymerization reaction;

b) one or more reactive diluents capable of interacting with the film-forming the Mola;

c) one or more silicon, titanium-, zirconium-, aluminum -, or metal-containing compounds capable of promoting adhesion of the composition to glass;

d) one or more fillers capable of imparting composition abrasion resistance after curing;

e) one or more compounds that interact with the film-forming resin, and in addition, contain acid fragment.

In a preferred embodiment, the composition further includes (f) one or more pigments that can prevent the passage of ultraviolet light or dye capable of imparting to the coating color. In another preferred embodiment, capable of polymerization functional group of the film-forming resin polymerized under the action of radiation or a source of free radicals or cations. In another preferred embodiment, the composition further includes (g) one or more catalysts or initiators capable of initiating polymerization of the film-forming resin under the action of radiation, or initiating cationic polymerization. In a more preferred embodiment, the film-forming resin contains an unsaturated fragments, which are polymerized under the action of free radicals.

In another embodiment, the wasp is estline the invention relates to glass or plastic coated on its surface abrasion-resistant coating, have described earlier in this application utverjdenie the coating on the part of one or more surfaces of glass or plastic with a coating, where the coating shows a light transmission of about 1 percent or less, and the universal hardness equal to about 100 N/mm2or more, more preferably 200 N/mm2or more. In another embodiment, the invention relates to a coating consisting of utverzhdenii compositions described above applications. In yet another embodiment, the invention relates to a window construction comprising a frame window, which consists of glass or plastic with an abrasion resistant coating on the surface of which has utverjdenie coating described above applications. In another embodiment, utverjdenie coating is bonded with an adhesive and the adhesive is then bonded to the window frame structure.

In the present invention also includes a system for securing glass or plastic coated to design, where the system includes coating composition of the present invention and an adhesive substance, which is associated with the coating composition of the present invention when applied to the glass or coated plastic and curing, and which further communicates with the surface of the structure. Preferred is entrusted, adhesive contains isocyanate and siloxane functional groups or a mixture.

In another embodiment, the invention encompasses a method of coating glass, plastic or plastic with abrasion-resistant coating comprising the coating of the present invention to (a) a window of glass or plastic with abrasion-resistant coating and (b) keeping covered window in such conditions, which cause the curing of the coating. In a preferred embodiment, the glass is curved so that the surface on which it is necessary to apply the coating, is curved. In one of the embodiments the coating is colored by the pigment and applied on the perimeter surface of the window. In yet another embodiment, the invention relates to a method of mounting a window to the design, which includes applying adhesive containing isocyanate, siloxy or isocyanate, and siloxy groups on the surface of the coating, including utverzhdennuyu composition of the present invention, applied around the perimeter of the window; (c) the introduction of Windows in contact with window frame structure, where the adhesive is located between the window and the window frame, and (d) providing an adhesive substance possibilities to harden.

The coating of the present invention and describes the methods associated with it, which indicate significant advantages over methods of the prior art. In particular, the coating of the present invention can be applied on a curved surface, which allows the application after giving the substrate, such as a window, the necessary forms. Because this coating is not fused to the glass at a high temperature, there is the possibility to re-use glass or plastic with abrasion-resistant coating, or upon expiration of the operation of the structure, which was applied to these materials, or if there is a defect in the substrate of glass or plastic. Known adhesives for fastening glass materials capable of contact with the hardened coating of the present invention without the use of soil. Adhesive bonding to the coating of the present invention stably over a long period of time in extreme conditions and, as expected, for a considerable part, if not the whole life time of construction, which are attached to glass or plastic. Moreover, the coating is resistant to abrasion and provides a significant opacity, i.e. low transmission of UV radiation, preferably less than about 1 percent.

DRAWINGS

Figure 1 shows the window glass with applied surface coating.

Figure 2 shows a window with a coating, adhesive and part of the structure to which it is attached.

Figure 3 shows the cross-section of the window frame, window, window coating and an adhesive substance.

Figure 4 shows the prior art and shows a window frame, window, window coating and an adhesive substance.

Figure 5 shows where the compositions of the present invention are used in the vehicle.

DETAILED description of the INVENTION

In one aspect the present invention relates to coating compositions suitable for coating glass and plastic, which was pre-coated abrasion-resistant composition. On the other hand, the coating composition can be applied for coating a plastic substrate and to give a coated surface abrasion resistance. One of the components of the composition is a film-forming resin capable of forming a solid matrix, which can be given hardness using the normal techniques of curing. Film-forming resin can be any resin which forms a continuous film and which cures in acceptable conditions. Film-forming resin contains one or more fragments that acceptable conditions are able to enter into the polymerization reaction and, therefore, form a solid matrix that is resistant to many environmental influences. In a preferred embodiment, the film-forming resin prepact the positive polymerizes under the action of free radicals or under the reaction conditions of cationic polymerization. In a preferred embodiment, the film-forming resin is a resin which cures by the action of radiation, such as UV radiation or electron beam. In a preferred embodiment, the film-forming resin contains functional groups that react polymerization under the action of free radicals, as, for example, fragments consisting of vinyl, acrylate, styrene, diene, methacrylate, allyl, thiolen, simple vinyl ether, simple unsaturated ester, imide, N-vinyl acrylamide, and mixtures thereof, etc. In a more preferred embodiment, the functional groups of the film-forming resins are acrylic and/or methacrylic fragments. In many embodiments, the implementation of the film-forming resin is an oligomer or a prepolymer comprising the described functional fragments. Among the preferred types of oligomers and prepolymers include urethaneacrylate, as, for example, aliphatic and aromatic urethaneacrylate, epoxyacrylate, eliminability, acrylate polyesters, polyether acrylates, siliconalley, dendritic acrylates, polybutylmethacrylate, amine acrylates, acrylicresin, amido and Spiro orthocarbonate or mixtures thereof. A more preferred class of oligomers and prepolymers are aliphatic ratanak ility. Examples of commercially available urethaneacrylate oligomers or prepolymers include products Cytec Surface Specialties under the trade name EBECRYL and symbols 264, 265, 284N, 1290, 4866, 8210, 8301, 8402, 8405, 5129 and 8411; products offered by Sartomer under the designations CN 985B88, 964, 944B85, 963B80, CN 929, CN 996, CN 968, CN 980, CN 981, CN 982B90, CN 983, CN 991; CN 2920, CN 2921, CN 9006, CN 9008, CN 9009, 9010 CN; GENOMER 4302 and 4316 offered by Rahn; PHOTOMER 6892 and 6008 offered by Cognis; NK OLIGOTMU24A and U-15HATMsold Kowa. Other sources of aliphatic urethaneacrylate include a series of aliphatic urethaneacrylate BR, as, for example, BR 144 or BR 970, available from Bomar Specialties, or a series of aliphatic urethaneacrylate LAROMER BASF.

An important property for the formation of a suitable film is the molecular mass. Preferably choose a more low molecular weight film-forming resin, such that when the coating of the substrate film-forming resin forms a continuous matrix, which preserves the nature of the film and remains a solid matrix during solidification. The upper limit of molecular weight is the highest molecular weight, in which the film-forming resin can be processed with acceptable terms. Can be used dendrimers having a higher molecular weight, and the final composition can be processed using equipment typical PR is replaceable by experts in the field of technology. Film-forming resin is present in the composition in an amount sufficient for the formation of a solid matrix when applied to a substrate and curing. In a preferred embodiment, the film-forming resin is present in an amount of about 10 parts by weight or more and more preferably about 15 parts by weight or more relative to the weight of the composition. Preferably, the film-forming resin is present in the composition in an amount of about 70 parts by mass or less relative to the weight of the composition and more preferably about 60 parts by weight or less, more preferably about 50 parts by weight or less and most preferably 40 parts by mass or less. In the present description, all the mass parts relate to 100 mass parts of the specified base material or composition. In the case of coating compositions this means that these weight related to 100 mass parts of the coating composition.

The described composition further may include a reactive diluent in sufficient quantity such that the composition had the desired viscosity. Basically desired viscosity such that the composition can be processed and form a good coating. Can be used any compound which reacts with the film-forming resin in polymerizati and has low viscosity. Reactive diluent may be monofunctional, i.e. having at least one functional group that will interact with other active components of the system. In another embodiment, reactive diluent can be any polyfunctional compound capable of interacting with film-forming resin for the introduction of links between the polymer chains formed during the curing film-forming resin. In the present description, the term "polyfunctional" means having on average two or more functional groups, and more preferably three or more functional groups. Preferably, the polyfunctional reactive diluent has a functionality of about 3 or less. In the present description, the term "polyfunctional" will be used in a nominal sense, in that he refers to compounds that have a theoretical functionality of two or more, as opposed to the actual functionality. In particular, when determining whether a polyfunctional compound according to this definition, are not taken into account the deviations from theoretical values resulting from processing or formation of side products. In fact, many compounds that theoretically are the two who are di - or polyfunctional, have a lower functionality than theoretical because of the formation of by-products and incompleteness of reactions. Preferably, the reactive diluent contains unsaturated compounds which polymerize under the action of free radicals or compounds which react by cationic mechanisms. Examples of functional fragments, which can be used in the reactive diluent include fragments consisting of vinyl, acrylate, styrene, diene, methacrylate, allyl, acrylamide, methacrylamide, cycloaliphatic epoxide, alpha-epoxide, Acrylonitrile and Methacrylonitrile, and their combinations, etc. Preferred functional groups are functional groups that react polymerization under the action of free radicals. In a preferred functional groups that react polymerization under the action of free radicals are fragments consisting of vinyl, acrylate, styrene, diene, methacrylate and allyl, and their combinations, etc. are Typical examples of applicable monofunctional reactive diluents include styrene, alpha-methylsterol, substituted styrene, complex, vinyl ethers, simple vinyl ethers, N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone, (meth)acrylamide, N-substituted (meth)acrylamide, octyl(meth)acre is lat, Nonylphenol ethoxylate (meth)acrylate, isononyl(meth)acrylate, isobornyl(meth)acrylate, 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethyl(meth)acrylate, 2-ethylhexyl(meth)acrylate, lauryl(meth)acrylate, beta-carboxyethyl (meth)acrylate, isobutyl(meth)acrylate, cycloaliphatic epoxides, alpha-epoxides, 2-hydroxyethyl(meth)acrylate, (meth)Acrylonitrile, maleic anhydride, taconova acid, Isodecyl(meth)acrylate, dodecyl(meth)acrylate, n-butyl(meth)acrylate, methyl(meth)acrylate, hexyl(meth)acrylate, (meth)acrylic acid, N-vinylcaprolactam, N-vinylformamide, stearyl(meth)acrylate, ester replacement of caprolactone and (meth)acrylic acid, isooctyl(meth)acrylate, hydroxyethyl(meth)acrylate, hydroxymethyl (meth)acrylate, hydroxypropyl(meth)acrylate, hydroxyisopropyl (meth)acrylate, hydroxybutyl(meth)acrylate, hydroxyisobutyryl (meth)acrylate, tetrahydrofurfuryl(meth)acrylate, combinations thereof, and so In one of the preferred embodiments reactive diluent is a monofunctional acrylate. In a preferred monofunctional acrylates include 2-(2-hydroxy)acrylate, 2-phenoxyethylacrylate, hydroxyethylacrylate, other alkylacrylate long chain, isobutylacetate, cyclic trimethylolpropane formularies, monofunctional aliphatic urethaneacrylate, mixtures thereof, etc. In a more preferred variant is NTE the implementation of the reactive diluent are polyacrylates. Examples of reactive diluents based on polyacrylates include ethylene glycol(meth)acrylate, hexanediol(meth)acrylate, triethyleneglycol(meth)acrylate, tetraethylene glycol di(meth)acrylate, dipropyleneglycol(meth)acrylate, trimethylpropane three(meth)acrylate, ethoxypropane trimethylpropane three(meth)acrylate, glycerine(meth)acrylate, pentaerythritol three(meth)acrylate, pentaerythrityl(meth)acrylate, Tris(2-hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate, detromethorphan Tetra(meth)acrylate and di - or polyacrylates obtained from aloxiprin polyols, as for example, propoxycarbonyl neopentylglycol or propoxycarbonyl glycol triacrylate, neopentylglycol(meth)acrylate, combinations thereof, etc. Preferred reactive diluents are diacrylate, as, for example, 1,6-hexanediamine, 1,9-noninvolvement, 1,4-batangyagit, tricyclodecane diethanolamine, cyclohexyldimethylamine, alkoxybenzenes of cyclohexanediacetic, tripropyleneglycol diacrylate etc. preferred reactive diluents include propoxycarbonyl neopentylglycol diacrylate, propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate and tripropyleneglycol. The diluent is present in the composition in amounts sufficient to provide education durable the second film, which is able to resist many of the usual devastating effects to the environment, and to provide a viscosity that is suitable for the desired method of coating. Among the most preferred monofunctional acrylate monomers include isobutylacetate. Reactive diluent is present in a quantity sufficient to achieve the desired viscosity of the composition. Preferably, the reactive diluent is present in the composition in an amount of about 2 mass parts or more with respect to the weight of the composition, preferably about 5 mass parts or more, and more preferably about 10 mass parts or more. Reactive diluent is preferably present in the composition in an amount of about 30 mass parts or less, more preferably about 25 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 20 mass parts or less relative to the weight of the composition.

In a preferred embodiment, the coatings of the present invention using a mixture of reactive diluents. Most preferably, using a mixture of monofunctional, difunctional and trifunctional thinners. It is the amount of reactive diluent having functional is t > 2, is the parameter which improves the stability of the coating to scratch. Preferably, the reactive diluent with a functionality of more than 2, is present in an amount of about 1 mass part or more, more preferably about 3 mass parts or more and most preferably about 4 mass parts or more. Preferably, the reactive diluent having a functionality of more than 2, is present in an amount of about 15 mass parts or less, more preferably about 12 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 10 mass parts or less.

The choice of the reactive diluent has an impact on the time allowed for the work with the composition and shelf life of the uncured coating. Valid time work with part represents the time from the beginning of the interaction of functional groups to form a film on the surface of the liquid coating composition. Shelf life is the period of time during which it is possible to keep capable of curing the composition, until then, until it hardens to such an extent that it cannot be used for its intended purpose. If for stabilizing liquid composition is not applied inhibitor of free radicals, in this case, optimum efficiency, both from the point valid time R the bots and retention is demonstrated by the following reactive diluents: propoxycarbonyl neopentylglycol and propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate.

Next, the composition comprises one or more adhesion promoters, which can improve the binding of the composition to glass, plastic, coated, and/or applied with adhesive, comprising isocyanate or siloxane groups. The promoter of adhesion (bonding agent) in this application is defined as a substance having at least one group capable of interaction, the binding and/or connection with the group on at least one surface of the substrate, which shall bind each other. In one non-limiting embodiment, the adhesion promoter may serve as a molecular bridge in the contact area at least two surfaces, where the surface may be similar or dissimilar surfaces. In another non-limiting embodiment, the adhesion promoters can be monomers, oligomers and/or polymers. Such substances include, but are not limited to, ORGANOMETALLIC compounds, such as silanes, titanates, zirconate, aluminates, metal-containing compounds, zirconium aluminates, the products of their hydrolysis, and mixtures of the listed compounds. Preferably, these adhesion promoters who will win the titanium or silicon, and most preferably contain siloxy communication (communication of silicon with oxygen). Preferably, the silicon-containing adhesion promoters are polysiloxane, as for example, polysiloxane, disclosed in U.S. patent No. 5 502 045 in section 2, lines 8-20 and section 3, row 3-54 included in the present application by reference; tetrathionate, disclosed in U.S. patent No. 6 306 924 in section 2, lines 26-39 and section 3, lines 24-42, and relevant portions incorporated into the present application by reference; and polyfunctional silanes, disclosed, for example, Mahdi and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 6 355 127 from line 44 section 21 to line 38 section 22, and the corresponding parts of the patents included in the present application by reference, or apply adhesion promoters, which are the reaction products of these silanes and other intermediates. Non-limiting examples of binders which are silanes include: vinyltriethoxysilane, VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE, vinyltris(2 methoxyethoxy)silane, vinyltriethoxysilane, VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE, vinyltris-t-butoxysilane, diphenyldichlorosilane, γ-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, allyltriethoxysilane, allyltriethoxysilane, (3-acroloxidae)dimethylethoxysilane, (3-acroloxidae) metaldimension, (3-acroloxidae)trimethoxysilane, (methacryloxyethyl)dimethylethoxysilane, methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, methacryloxyethyl toxicity, methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, steriletechnologies, mercaptothiadiazole, 3-mercaptopropionylglycine, 3-mercaptopropionate, 3 - mercaptopropionylglycine and aminosilane, as, for example, aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, bis(trimethoxysilyl)Propylamine or bis(triethoxysilyl)Propylamine; at least partially hydrolyzed derivatives of these compounds or their mixtures. Applicable in the present invention, adhesion promoters, which titanates, zirconates or concealement include compounds described by Wu and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 6 016 649 from line 23 of section 7 to line 53 section 8, and the relevant portions of the patent is incorporated into the present application by reference. Preferred titanium adhesion promoters include substances that can offer DuPont under the name TYZOR or Tetra(2,2-deallocker)butyl, di(ditridecyl)fosfato the titanate (can be purchased from Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. called KR 55); neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, trinational the titanate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(dodecyl)benzazolyl the titanate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(dioctyl)phosphato the titanate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(dioctyl)pyrophosphato the titanate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(N-ethylenediamino)ethyl titanate; neopentyl(diallyl)on the si three(m-amino)phenyl titanate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, trihydroxy caproyl the titanate; isopropylidenedicyclohexanol the titanate; tetraisopropyl(dioctyl) fosfato the titanate; at least partially hydrolyzed derivatives of the above compounds and mixtures thereof. Preferred zirconium adhesion promoters include aluminates zircon. Non-limiting examples of adhesion promoters, which zirconate include Tetra(2,2-deallocker)butyl, di(ditridecyl)fosfato the lead zirconate (available from Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. called KZ 55); neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, trinational the lead zirconate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(dodecyl)benzazolyl the lead zirconate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(dioctyl)phosphato the lead zirconate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(dioctyl)provospalitionah neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(N-ethylenediamino)ethyl lead zirconate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, three(m-amino)phenyl lead zirconate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, timetaken the lead zirconate; neopentyl(diallyl)oxy, triakel the lead zirconate; dineopentyl(diallyl)oxy, diprominenceed the lead zirconate; dineopentyl(diallyl)oxy, di(3-mercapto)propiona the lead zirconate; at least partially hydrolyzed derivatives of the above compounds and mixtures thereof. Typically, adhesion promoters are present in a quantity sufficient to obtain reliable binding of the coating to glass, plastic silt is plastic coated, and preferably, for formation of reliable bonding with an adhesive, comprising isocyanate or siloxane groups. If you use too small amount of the adhesion promoter, will be received poor adhesion of the coating to glass, plastic, plastic coated and/or adhesive substance. If you use too much of the adhesion promoter, the coating composition may be unstable. In this context, the term "volatile" means that the composition may solidify before it is subjected to the action of the desired curing conditions. Adhesion promoters are preferably present in an amount of about 1 mass part or more relative to the weight of the composition, more preferably about 6 mass parts or more and most preferably about 8 mass parts or more and preferably about 10 parts by weight or more. Preferably, the adhesion promoters are present in an amount of about 30 mass parts or less relative to the weight of the composition and more preferably about 20 mass parts or less.

In a preferred embodiment, one or both of the adhesion promoter included in the composition are wilanowie promoters, one of which is selected from the group polysiloxanes and tetrathionate, and the second is selected from the group multifunctio the social silanes.

Preferred tetrachlorozincate shown by the following formula:

in which A represents Si, and where X is separately in each position represents a hydrolyzable group that can be derived from Tetra-substituted compounds by hydrolysis in the presence of water. Examples of hydrolyzable groups include, but are not limited to the above, halogen (e.g. chlorine, fluorine and bromine), formyloxy, acetoxy, propionyloxy, valeriote, stearolic, benzoyloxy, naphthyloxy, tolyloxy, maleinate, alkoxy, alkylthio, vinyloxy, allyloxy, venlafaxi, methacrylate, aryloxy. These and other groups in this application is defined according to the IUPAC rules of nomenclature (1969). Preferably hydrolyzable group X independently are alkoxygroup or groups containing unsaturated ethylene fragment. Preferably alkoxygroup is C1-C6alkoxy. When the hydrolysis of C1-C6alkoxygroup form of volatile alcohols, which can evaporate from the coating composition by evaporation. Examples of such C1-C6alkoxygroup include, but are not limited to the above, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec-butoxy, isobutoxy and tert-butoxy. Most preferably alkoxygroup are methoxy, ethoxy. If the guide is alisema group contains an unsaturated ethylene fragment, it can interact with other ethylene unsaturated compounds in the coating composition. These hydrolyzable groups containing unsaturated ethylene fragment are not limited to the above, vinyloxy, allyloxy, venlafaxi, methacrylate, aryloxy. Assume that each of the substituents X may be the same with any other or different from them. Preferably Tetra-substituted compound is a liquid, so that it can easily be added to the coating composition. On the other hand, Tetra-substituted compound may be a solid substance which is soluble in the coating composition. The composition of the present invention may contain one Tetra-substituted compound or a mixture of Tetra-substituted compounds.

Tetramethoxysilane and tetraethoxysilane can be purchased as tetraethylorthosilicate and tetraethylorthosilicate respectively from Aldrich Chemical Company of Milwaukee, Wisconsin or Silbond Corporation under the trademark SILBOND.

Preferred polysiloxane applicable in the present invention, preferably shown by the following formula:

in which Y and Z are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, amino, alkyl and alkoxy; n means a unit or more; and each of the substituents X corresponds Dunn is mu above definition. In the present description, the term "alkyl" means a monovalent group of the carbon atoms of straight or branched chain, including, but not limited to, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl and the like, the Term "alkoxy" in the present description means an alkyl group attached to the rest of the molecule via an oxygen atom, including, but not limited to, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec-butoxy, isobutoxy, tert-butoxy etc. Preferably, the alkyl part of alkoxygroup represent lower alkyl groups. The term "lower alkyl group" in the present description means a branched or unbranched, cyclic or acyclic alkyl group containing from 1 to 10 carbon atoms. Some examples of lower alkyl groups include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, pentyl and cyclohexyl. Most preferably, each of the alkyl groups is stands or ethyl. In the present description, the term "lower alkoxygroup" means an alkyl group attached to the rest of the molecule via an oxygen atom, where the alkyl group is a lower alkyl group.

It is assumed that the main chain of the siloxane can be linear or branched. The branched structure of who the hiccups, when some of the substituents X are alkoxygroup, and some of the substituents X are siloxane groups. It is also assumed that each alkoxygroup may coincide with other or different from them. Preferably poly(siloxane) is a liquid, so that it can be easily added to the polymeric coating composition. On the other hand, poly(siloxane) may be solid, which is soluble in the polymeric coating composition. The compositions of the present invention can contain one poly(siloxane) or a mixture of poly(siloxanes).

Among the polyfunctional silanes include compounds which have a silane functional group and second functional group, including the group of epoxy, amino, vinyl, isocyanate, isocyanurate, mercapto, acrylate, methacrylate, etc. Preferred adhesion promoters, designed to enhance adhesion to coated surfaces, such as surfaces covered with a transparent coating or colored pigment coating include, for example, aminoalkylsilane, vinylacetylene, isocyanatobenzene, epoxyalcohols, mercaptoethane and isocyanatoacetate. Preferred polyfunctional silanes include gamma-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, gamma aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, gamma isocyanato ultimatekaiser, n-beta(aminoethyl)gamma aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, n-(2-amino-ethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, bis(gamma-trimethoxysilyl)Propylamine, bis(triethoxysilyl)Propylamine, n-phenyl-gamma-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, gamma isocyanatopropyltrimethoxysilane, gamma isocyanatopropyltrimethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltriethoxysilane, gamma glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, Tris(gamma-triethoxysilylpropyl)isocyanurate, 3-acrylonitrilebutadiene, 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, vinyltriethoxysilane or VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE.

In another preferred embodiment, the adhesion promoter is a product join Michael, derived from siloxane, optionally including one or more functional fragments with active hydrogen and containing two or more acrylate groups. The reaction product preferably includes siocsiwap in the amount of four or more and more preferably 6 or more. The reaction product preferably does not contain active hydrogen atoms. In addition, the reaction products preferably contain at least one unsaturated group capable to react in the presence of free radicals. Preferably, the reagent, the content is relevant acrylate group, is obtained from alkoxysilanes polyol di - or polyacrylate, such as propoxycarbonyl neopentylglycol, propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate or other diacrylate, as, for example, hexaniacinate, tripropyleneglycol, dipropylenetriamine, cyclohexyldimethylamine, alkoxycarbonyl cyclohexanemethylamine, noninvolvement etc. Product join Michael is produced by interaction of the reactants at elevated temperatures from about 30°to about 60°C, preferably about 55°C for sufficient time so that all functional groups containing active hydrogen atoms, entered into the reaction, for example, all amines turned into tertiary amines. Preferably, the interaction between the reagents is carried out at elevated temperatures, for more than 72 hours. The nature of alkoxygroup in the product joining Michael affects the rate of solidification of the coating compositions of the present invention. Metoxygroup undergo hydrolysis faster, and thus the curing reaction is faster if siocsiwap are metoxygroup. In the case of alkoxygroup larger the reaction proceeds more slowly. The overall reaction rate and, hence, the time allowed for working with composition, can be cut at gulrajani by regulating the relative amount of alkoxygroup in molecules of adhesion promoters and relations existing methoxypropyl to large alkoxygroup.

In another embodiment, the adhesion promoter is an adduct of a high molecular weight, containing a large number alkoxysilanes fragments. Preferably, the adduct includes 3 or more alkoxysilanes fragments and more preferably 6 or more. Preferably the adduct has srednecenovogo molecular weight of about 500 Da or more, and more preferably 1000 or more Yes. Adduct preferably does not contain fragments containing reactive hydrogen. In a preferred embodiment, the adduct is a reaction product of epoxysilane, such as gamma propyltrimethoxysilane or gamma propyltriethoxysilane with one or more silanes, including fragments containing reactive hydrogen under conditions of excess epoxysilane in equivalents compared with fragments containing active hydrogen. Preferably, the ratio of equivalents of epoxy-fragments to fragments with active hydrogen is about 1.1 or more, and more preferably about 1,12. Preferably, the ratio of equivalents of epoxy-fragments to fragments with active hydrogen is approximately 1,14 or less. Preferred fragments with active hydrogen are amines and mercaptopropyl, and amines are most preferred. C is the reaction product of epoxysilane and silane, containing active hydrogen, is injected into the interaction with the reaction product of aliphatic di - or MDI, such as tetramethyldisilane (TMDI), and silane with a fragment containing an active hydrogen, for example, aminosilane or mercaptoethane. The two said product of reaction is injected into the interaction in such proportions that the resulting adduct did not contain active hydrogen atoms or isocyanate groups. The resulting adduct is added to coating compositions in an amount sufficient to enhance long-term adhesion of the coating composition to the substrate and adhesive systems. Preferably the adduct containing alkoxysilane is present in an amount of 1 mass part or more and more preferably about 5 mass parts or more. Macromolecular adduct containing alkoxysilane, preferably is present in an amount of about 15 mass parts or less, and more preferably about 10 mass parts or less. Macromolecular adduct containing alkoxysilane, preferably added to the coating composition of the present invention in a mixture with a reactive diluent, as described earlier in the text of the application. In a preferred embodiment, the adhesion promoter comprises a mixture of the product of the joining Michael, containing alkoxysilane GRU is dust, and macromolecular adducts of alkoxysilane, preferably adducts of these two types are used in a ratio of from about 1 to about 15 and more preferably from about 1 to about 5.

Further, the described composition contains a filler. The filler may be any filler, which can improve the stability of the hardened composition abrasion resistance and surface hardness. In addition, the filler must be able to dispergirujutsja in coating compositions. Preferred classes of fillers include silicates, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, carbide or any other fillers with high hardness (Mohs hardness of more than about 7), combinations thereof, etc. Preferred fillers include silicates and aluminum oxide, and aluminum oxide is more preferable. The preferred fillers are fillers that contain surface hydroxyl. The preferred varieties of aluminum oxide, applicable according to the present invention are alpha-oxides. Preferably, the fillers have a particle size of about 10 microns or less and most preferably 5 microns or less. The filler is present in an amount sufficient to improve the surface hardness and abrasion resistance, and in such quantity that the fines the ability to prepare a homogeneous dispersion. Preferably the filler is present in an amount of about 5 weight percent or more by weight of the composition, more preferably about 25 mass% or more and most preferably about 30 mass% or more. The filler is preferably present in an amount of about 60 mass parts or less by weight of the composition, more preferably about 50 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 40 mass parts or less.

Next is described the composition includes a compound that is capable of reacting with the film-forming resin and which further contains an acid fragment. In particular, this compound has a functional group or a fragment, which must react with functional fragments contained in the film-forming resin. Preferably, such reactive group reacts with the free radicals, radiation, or cations. Such fragments described above applications. The connection that is capable of reacting with the film-forming resin and which contains acid fragment that is present with the aim of improving the binding of the composition to glass, plastic or plastic coated with an adhesive system. Preferably the acid group is a group of strong acids; C is performance communications acid include groups of carboxylic acids, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid and sulfonic acids. Preferred acid groups are groups of carboxylic acids and phosphoric acids, as, for example, phosphate groups. The most preferred acid groups are groups of carboxylic acids. Preferably, the connection in question, is a compound having the acid group and one or more functional groups which react polymerization under the action of free radicals, radiation or contact with cations. Preferred are compounds which polymerize under the action of free radicals or radiation, as, for example, containing acrylates, vinyl, allyl, vinyl ester or (meth)acrylate group. Preferably unsaturated ethylene group with a group of strong acid binds alkyl chain without functional groups. Among preferred classes of compounds containing acidic groups include acrylates or (meth)acrylates with acidic groups, including methacrylic acid, acrylic acid, esters of phosphoric acid containing acrylic fragments, mono-2-(methacrylate)etilalaat or monoacrylate phosphoric acid, maleic acid, taconova acid, mixtures thereof and the like Acid is present in a quantity sufficient to improve the bonding with the glass or plastic is coated and/or an adhesive. If you apply too much acid, it can have a negative impact on the stability of the composition. Reactive compound containing the acid is present in the composition in an amount of about 1 mass part or more by weight of the composition and preferably about 4 mass parts or more. Reactive acid compound is preferably present in the composition in an amount of about 10 mass parts or less, and more preferably about 8 mass parts or less.

Further, the composition may include pigments or dyes. Pigments or dyes may be present to obtain the desired color or to give a composition of opacity. Preferably, the pigments or dyes are durable i.e. it is assumed that they have good resistance outdoors and resistant to fading under the action of sun and rain. Preferably the pigments reduce the light transmission of the coating. In a preferred embodiment, the pigments in contact with the floor can reduce light transmission through the coating to less than 1 percent. In addition, preferably, the pigments or dyes did not prevent binding of the coating to glass, plastic, plastic coated or adhesive. Applicable at present to the eat the invention, the pigments or dyes can be organic or inorganic. Among the preferred inorganic fragments include black iron oxide, zinc oxide, cerium oxide and titanium oxide (TiO2), while among the preferred organic pigments include gas carbon black, phthalocyanines, anthraquinones, perylenes, carbazole, monoazo and desalinization, isoindoline, monotonely, diariodaputaria, rhodamine, indigoid, chinagreen, diazapentane, dinitroanilines, pyrazolones, dianisidine, parentani, tetrachlorethane, dioxazine, monoatomically, intraperitone and mixtures thereof. Specialist in the art will take into account that organic pigments will have different shades or even different colors, depending on the functional groups attached to the main molecule. A list of commercially available pigments that are applicable in the composition of the present invention, disclosed in patent application U.S. 2002/0086914, the relevant portion of which is incorporated into the present application by reference. Preferred pigments include gas carbon black and black iron oxides. In the embodiment, in which the composition is applied to cover the Windows, it is preferable to apply the pigment was a black pigment. In addition, it is preferable that the pigment was a gas soot. According to the present invention can primantis is any well-known variety of gas soot. Some varieties of gas soot are conductive and the other is processed in such a way as not to have conductivity. Gas soot should be selected in such a way as to match the environment in which the applied coating. For example, some applications in cars require gas soot had no conductivity to prevent interaction with other devices located on the Windows of the car or next to them. In other conditions it may be desirable that the coating had electrical conductivity, and can be selected conductive gas soot. Pigments or dyes are used in amounts sufficient to give the desired coating properties. In particular, if the pigment or dye is used simply to cover, use a sufficient amount of pigment or dye to achieve the desired color. On the contrary, if the pigments added to achieve opaque coverage, apply a sufficient amount of a pigment to impart a desired level of opacity. In a preferred embodiment, the pigment is black and it is used to make the coating opacity. Preferably, the dyes are translucent. The pigment should be present in such quantity that utverjdenie floor demonstrated the same is emoe the transmission, preferably less than 1 percent when the desired coating thickness. Preferably the pigment or dye is present in an amount of about 1 mass part or more, more preferably about 2 mass parts or more, even more preferably about 3 mass parts or more, more preferably about 5 mass parts or more and most preferably about 8 mass parts or more. Preferably, the amount used of the pigment is about 15 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 12 mass parts or less.

Moreover, the described composition may include a catalyst or an initiator capable of initiating a curing film-forming resin under appropriate conditions. Preferably the curing conditions suitable to cause the formation of free radicals or cations. Among the preferred catalysts or initiators include photoinitiator that initiate free radical polymerization due to the formation of free radicals or which generate cations, or thermal initiators that generate free radicals or which form or release cations when heated. System photoinitiators with the appropriate sensitivity to actinic radiation, typically VK is uceni in the composition, containing compounds of the present invention, and the effects of radiation they cause the formation of reactive particles, which can initiate the polymerization. In a preferred embodiment, the initiator is a compound which under the action of radiation initiates free radical polymerization. Examples of photoinitiators include alpha aminoketone, alpha hydroxyketone, oxides, phosphines, phenylglyoxylate, thioxanthone, benzophenone, benzoic ethers, esters Asimov, synergists amines, imides of maleic acid, mixtures thereof, etc. In a preferred photoinitiator includes compounds of the following classes: oxides, phosphines, ketones and their derivatives, benzophenone, carbocyanine and but, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, such as anthracene and the like, and also dyes, such as xanthene, safranine and acridine. More generally, they are mostly chemical substances belonging to one of the following major groups: compounds containing carbonyl groups, such as intention, Dibenzoyl, piperonal, benzoin and its halogenated derivatives, ethers, benzoin, anthraquinone and its derivatives, p,p'-dimethylaminobenzoate, benzophenone and the like; compounds containing sulfur or selenium, as, for example, di - and polysulfides, to endogenity, mercaptans, dithiocarbamate, thioketone, beta-naphtalenesulfonic; peroxides; compounds containing nitrogen, such as, for example, azonitrile, diazocompounds, dyazide, acridine derivatives, fenesin, cinoxacin, hinzelin and esters Asimov, for example, 1-phenyl-1,2-propandiol-2-[O-(benzoyl)oxime]; halogenated compounds, such as halogenated derivatives of ketones or aldehydes, methylacrylamide, sulphonylchloride or dihalogenide; oxides to phosphines and photoinitiated dyes, such as, for example, diazonium salts, azoxybenzenes and their derivatives rhodamine, eosine fluoresceine, acriflavin or the like. Normal photoinitiators include 2,2-diethoxyacetophenone, dimethoxyphenylacetone, feiveson, benzophenone, substituted benzophenone, oxides, phosphines and the like, a Specialist in the art understands that if photoinitiators used benzophenone and related compounds, to improve the conversion of absorbed photoenergy to initiate polymerization of free radicals synergistic use a tool such as a tertiary amine or a polymeric amine, for example, poly(propylene oxide)polyol with terminal primary or secondary amino group.

Photoinitiator deliver molecules containing unsaturated fragments, or the initiator part of the portable light energy. Using narasiman the x systems or photoinitiator photosensitizer produces free radicals or ions, which initiate polymerization or cross-linking of the composition. In addition, it is possible to use mixtures with known photoinitiators, for example, a mixture with camporgiano; benzophenone; benzophenone derivatives (e.g., 1-[4-(4-benzylpenicilloyl)phenyl]-2-methyl-2-(toluene-4-sulfonyl)propane-1-one); acetophenone derivatives of acetophenone, for example, α-hydroxycyclohexanone or dialkoxybenzene; α-hydroxy or α-aminoacetophenone, for example, oligo-[2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-[4-(1-methylvinyl)phenyl]propanone], 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-phenylpropane, 2-hydroxy-1-[4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl]-2-methylpropan-1-one, 2-methyl-1-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-(4-morpholinyl)propane-1-one, 2-dimethylamino-2-(4-methylbenzyl)-1-(4-(morpholine-4-ylphenyl)butane-1-one, 2-benzyl-2-dimethylamino-1-(3,4-acid)butane-1-one, 2-benzyl-2-dimethylamino-1-(4-(morpholine-4-ylphenyl)butane-1-one, 2-methyl-1-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-2-morpholine-4-improper-1-one; 4-aroyl-1,3-dioxolane; benzoylcholine ethers and benzylmethylamine, for example, benzyldimethylamine, phenylglyoxylate and their derivatives, for example, methylbenzylamine; the dimeric phenylglyoxylate, for example, 2-[2-(2-oxo-2-phenylacetate)ethoxy]ethyl ester, ortho-phenylacetic acid; esters of percolat, for example, esters of benzophenone retroperitoneal acid, as described, for example, in EP 126 541 (US 777 191 and US 4 970 244, incorporated into the present application by reference); monoacrylated, for example, (2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)diphenylphosphinomethyl or ethyl ester, phenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphinic acid, bestinformation, for example bis(2,6-dimethoxybenzoyl)(2,4,4-trimethylpent-1-yl)phosphine oxide, bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl phenylphosphonate or bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)(2,4-diphenoxyethane)phosphine oxide, trisalicylate oxides; halogenofullerene, for example, 2-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)vinyl]-4,6-bistriflate-[1,3,5]triazine, 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4,6-bistriflate-[1,3,5]triazine, 2-(3,4-acid)-4,6-bistriflate-[1,3,5]triazine, 2-methyl-4,6-bistriflate-[1,3,5]triazine; systems sexualvideo/coinitiator, for example, ortho-largecapitalization together with 2 mercaptobenzthiazole; ferrocenyl compounds or titanocene, for example, dicyclopentadienyl bis(2,6-debtor-3-pyrrolidinyl)titanium; photoinitiators based on borates, or O-alloxylon described, for example, in GB 2 339 571 (US 6 596 445 included in the present application by reference).

In addition, there is the possibility of adding a thermal initiator free radicals, such as benzoyl peroxide (other suitable peroxides are described in U.S. Patent No. 4 950 581, section 19, lines 17-25, incorporated into the present application by reference) or cationic the INIC is atarov, as, for example, aromatic Solonevich, fofanah or iodonium salts, which are described, for example, in U.S. patent No. 4 950 581, line 60, section 18 to line 10 of section 19, is incorporated into the present application by reference. An example of itaniemi salt is hexaflurophosphate (4-isobutylphenyl)-4-methylphenylamine. Can also be derived imide maleic acid, as described, for example, in U.S. patent No. 6 153 662 or U.S. patent No. 6 150 431, which is incorporated into the present application by reference. As examples can be mentioned N-(2-triptoreline)imide of maleic acid and N-(2-tertbutylphenyl)imide of maleic acid.

Among preferred classes of photoinitiators includes alpha aminoketone, oxides, phosphines, alpha hydroxyketone, mixtures thereof and similar compounds, the most preferred oxides to phosphines. In a preferred photoinitiator includes : 1-hydroxycyclohexane, available from Ciba Geigy under the trademark and designation IRGACURE 184, 2-benzyl-2-N-dimethylamino-1-(4-morpholinomethyl)-1-butanone, which can be purchased from Ciba Geigy under the trademark and designation IRGACURE 369 or IRGACURE 379, and the oxides, phosphines, available from BASF under the trademark LUCIRIIN TPO, IRGACURE 819, available from Ciba, their mixtures, such as SARCURETMSR 1135 from Sartomer or ESCACURE KTO 46 from Labert, which is a mixture of derivatives of alpha-hydroxyacetophenone and phosphine oxide, and the like, Preferably, the catalyst or initiator is present in a quantity sufficient for catalysis polymerization under appropriate conditions of polymerization, which is described hereinafter. Preferably, the catalyst or initiator is present in an amount of about 0.1 mass part or more by weight of the composition, more preferably about 1 mass part or more, more preferably about 2 mass parts or more and most preferably about 4 mass parts or more. Preferably, the catalyst or initiator is present in an amount of about 20 mass parts or less, more preferably about 12 mass parts or less, even more preferably about 10 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 8 mass parts or less by weight of the composition.

Coating compositions of the present invention otverzhdajutsja by two mechanisms. At the first stage they otverzhdajutsja in the free radical polymerization of unsaturated fragments or cationic polymerization. Then the coating hardens as a result of condensation of silanols. Condensation of silanols takes place under the action of atmospheric moisture. In the absence of catalyst is relatively what about the slow curing mechanism. Condensation of silanols is catalyzed by acids, bases or ORGANOMETALLIC catalysts, as described hereinafter in connection with an adhesive systems. Coating compositions of the present invention include acidic substances and may contain amines, which catalyze the reaction. On the other hand, may be added to the catalyst under the action of moisture, described below.

The described composition may further include a dispersing agent or surfactant that stabilizes the dispersion of solid particles in a liquid medium and facilitate the formation of a continuous film without the uncovered plots. Suitable dispersing means are all surface-active compounds, preferably cationic, anionic and nonionic surfactants, and polymeric dispersing means, which is dispersed components in the compositions of the present invention and stabilize the composition, i.e. prevent separation of the phases in the composition or impede the deposition of components of the composition. Examples of dispersing funds that can be used in the present invention include anionic surfactants, such as lignosulfonates, diallylmalonate, sulfated or from sulphonated fatty acids, or esters of fatty acids, reaction products of ethylene is xida and/or propylene oxide with saturated or unsaturated fatty acids, fatty alcohols, fatty amines, alicyclic alcohols or hydrocarbons containing aliphatic and aromatic fragments, which tarifitsirovana limit the position of the inorganic oxygen-containing acid or polybasic carboxylic acid. Among the applicable dispersing means include nonionic surfactants include adducts of ethylene oxide from the class of products of accession of ethylene oxide to higher fatty acids, saturated or unsaturated fatty alcohols, fatty amines, mercaptans, Amida fatty acids, alkanolamides fatty acids or fatty amines or ALKYLPHENOLS, or alkylthiophenes, where on one mol of the above-mentioned compounds is applied from 5 to 100 moles of ethylene oxide, and block copolymers of ethylene oxide with propylene oxide and adducts the Ethylenediamine-ethylene oxide-propylene oxide. These substances include: reaction products of saturated and/or unsaturated fatty alcohols comprising from 8 to 20 carbon atoms, with the 20-100 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol, preferably saturated linear alcohols C16-C18with 25-80, especially 25 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol; the reaction products of saturated and/or unsaturated fatty acids containing from 8 to 20 carbon atoms with 5 to 20 by moles of ethylene oxide per mole of acid; the reaction products of alkyl phenols containing from 7 to 12 carbon atoms, with 5-25 the moles of ethyl is noxide per mole of phenolic hydroxyl groups, preferably mono - or dialkylphenols with 10-20 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of phenolic hydroxyl groups; the reaction products of saturated or unsaturated fatty acid amides, comprising up to 20 carbon atoms, by 5-20 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of amide acid, preferably amides of oleic acid with 8-15 by moles of ethylene oxide per mole of amide acid; reaction products of saturated and/or unsaturated fatty amines containing from 8 to 20 carbon atoms, with 5-20 the moles of Atlantida per mole of amine, preferably, oleylamine with 8-15 by moles of ethylene oxide per mole of amine; block copolymers of etilenoksid-propylene oxide containing from 10 to 80 percent of ethylene oxide and having a molecular weight of from 1000 to 80000; adducts of ethylene oxide-propylene oxide with Ethylenediamine. Another applicable class dispersing funds are polymeric dispersing means and protective colloids, including amphiphilic copolymers, block copolymers or graft or comb polymers, in particular on the basis of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid or their salts, hydroxyalkyl(meth)acrylic acid, aminoalkyl(meth)acrylic acid or their salts, 2-acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid (AMPS) or its salts, maleic anhydride or its salts, (meth)acrylamide or substituted (meth)acrylamides, vinylsubstituted heterocyclic compounds, for example, vinylpyrrole is on, of vinylimidazole, and amphiphilic polymers containing segments of the copolymers of PEO (polyethylene oxide) or EO/PO (ethylene oxide/propylene oxide). Examples of suitable protective colloids are polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone or copolymers. Also suitable are copolymers of synthetic monomers, especially monomers containing carboxyl groups, for example, a copolymer of 2-vinylpyrrolidone with 3-fenilpropionovoy acid or maleic acid and their salts.

Among the most preferred dispersing means and surfactant includes Hyperdispersants based polymeric amides, which can be purchased from a Noveon under the trade name SOLSPERSE 39000 32000 and, as well as ammonium salt-based polypropyleneoxide, such as chloride of diethylaminopropylamine, available from Degussa under the trademark and designation VARIQUAT CC-59 and phosphate, diethylpropane-2-hydroxyamine, available from Degussa under the trademark and designation VARIQUAT CC-42NS, and esters of phosphoric acid, such as RHODAFac RS-610 and RE-610, available from Rhodia, and so the action of the dispersing means is a dispersion of particles of pigment and filler and preventing their agglomeration and deposition. Dispersing agent and/or surfactant is present in a quantity sufficient to obtain a solid film uncovered without teaching tcov and to facilitate the formation of homogeneous composition. If you added too much dispersant funds, it may have a negative impact on the adhesion of the coating to the adhesive substance. If you add too little dispersing substances, the composition may not form a homogeneous mixture. Dispersing substances are preferably used in amounts of about 0.5 mass part or more relative to the weight of the composition, and most preferably about 1.0 mass part or more. Dispersing agent and/or surfactant is preferably used in amounts of about 10 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 5 mass parts or less relative to the weight of the composition. Usually the concentration of the dispersing means calculated relative to the amount of pigment and/or filler. Therefore, the amount of dispersant substance preferably is about 0.5 mass parts or more with respect to the amount of pigment and filler, more preferably about 1 mass part or more, more preferably 5 mass parts or more, and most preferably about 10 mass parts or more. The amount of the dispersing means is preferably approximately 75 mass parts or less relative to the amount of pigment and filler, and more preferably about 50 mA is the lack of parts or less. An appropriate amount of dispersant tools largely depends on the surface area of the fillers and pigments and shall be adjusted in accordance with this parameter.

Further, the composition may include surface-active agent to improve wetting of the substrate and the appearance of the coating. You can apply any surface-active agent, which is suitable for improving the wetting of the substrate and the appearance of the coating. Preferred surface-active products include tools that partially affect the adhesion of the inside of the coating layer, as, for example, polydimethylsiloxane with low content of siloxanes, siliconalley, not containing organosilicon compounds wetting tools/surfactants, mixtures thereof and the like among the more preferred surface-active agents include modified polyester polydimethylsiloxane with low content of siloxanes, siliconalley and not containing silicon wetting means, which do not affect the adhesion of the inside of the coating layer, mixtures thereof and the like, the preferred surface-active products include silicone acrylates, such as, for example, substances that can be purchased from Tego Chemie (Degussa) under the trademark and designation TEGO RAD 2100, 2200N, 2250 and 2300 or series BYK UV 3500 (3500, 3510, 3530, 3570), who you can buy from BYK Chemie, or polyacrylates, for example, Modaflow from UCB. Surface-active products are present in the composition in an amount sufficient to improve the appearance of the surface coating, the wetting of the substrate and alignment. Preferably, surface-active products are present in the amount of approximately 0.05 mass part or more, more preferably about 0.1 mass part or more and most preferably approximately 0.2 mass part or more relative to the weight of the composition. Surface-active agent preferably is present in an amount of about 1 mass parts or less, more preferably about 0.5 mass parts or less relative to the weight of the composition.

Further, the composition may contain a defoaming means and/or deaerators. The compositions of the present invention may foam during processing, which can cause problems related to surface and appearance of the coating. Can be used any defoaming agent and/or deaerator, which prevents foaming or bubble formation and which does not adversely affect the adhesive properties of the composition. Preferred defoaming means are silicone tools, tools that do not contain kremniyorganika, means on the basis of polyacrylates, and mixtures thereof, etc. More PR is doctitle antifoaming tools include polyacrylate funds FOAM BLAST TM20F, FOAM BLASTTM30 and Foam BLASTTM550, available from Lubrizol; polyacrylate defoaming agent TEGO AIREXTM920 and defoaming means on silicone basis TEGO AIREXTM 980 or FOAMEX NTMthe company Degussa, or not containing kremniyorganika defoaming agent BYK 1790 from BYK Chemie. Defoaming agent/deaerator is present in the composition according to the present invention in a quantity sufficient to prevent the formation of bubbles and/or foam. If these tools are used in too large quantities, it can have a negative impact on adhesion to the desired surfaces and adhesive means. Preferably the antifoaming agent/deaerator present in an amount of from approximately 0.05 mass part or more by weight of the composition and more preferably about 0.1 mass part or more. Preferably the antifoaming agent/deaerator is present in amount of about 1.0 mass parts or less by weight of the composition.

Further, the composition of the present invention may include polymerization inhibitors, which include the composition to prevent polymerization before the composition is exposed to conditions required for curing. May be any polymerization inhibitor, which prevents the polymerization contained skompozicii functional groups. In a preferred embodiment, in which functional groups are polymerized under the action of free radicals, may apply to the following classes of inhibitors of polymerization: hydrochinone, phenothiazines, a mixture thereof, etc. In a preferred polymerization inhibitors include 4-methoxyphenol (MEHQ), phenothiazines, XENOXYL, available from Avecia, IRGASTAB UV 10 from Ciba, ADDITIVETM01-468 or GENORADTM16, available from Rahn. The most preferred polymerization inhibitor is phenothiazine. In General, the polymerization inhibitor is present in an amount sufficient for inhibition of polymerization before getting the mixture into the conditions required for polymerization. Inhibitor of polymerization should not be included in the composition in an amount such that the when the desired free radicals composition is not subjected to polymerization. Preferably, the polymerization inhibitor is present in the amount of approximately 0.05 mass part or more, more preferably about 0.1 mass part or more and most preferably approximately 0.2 mass part or more relative to the weight of the composition. Preferably, the polymerization inhibitor is present in an amount of about 2 mass parts or less, and more preferably about 1 mass part or less by weight of the composition.

TM123 5100 or from Ciba Geigy or SANDUVORTMTB-02 or 3058 from Clariant, stabilizers, absorbing ultraviolet light, known to experts in the art, as, for example, TINUVINTM400 or 1130, available from Ciba Geigy, SANDUVORTMPR-31, which can be purchased from Clarion or HOMBITECTMRM300, which can be purchased from Sachtleben. In addition, the composition may include antioxidants, which are well known to experts in the art, for example, IRGANOXTM1035 or 1076 from Ciba Geigy or ETANOXTM376 and ETHAFOSTM368 from Albemarte. In addition, the composition can include breathers, with the aim of improving the stability of the composition to hydrolysis. Can be any known in the art absorbers of moisture, you cannot affect the execution of the composition of its functions. In a preferred sorbents include VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE, triethylorthoformate, triethylorthoformate and powder molecular sieves, such as SYLOSIVTM, which can be purchased from Grace Davison.

Further, the composition may include acrylates of colloidal silica to improve the hardness and abrasion resistance. In a preferred colloidal acrylates of silicon oxide is composed of a dispersion of nanoparticles of silicon oxide acrylates, such as isobutylacetate, hexaniacinate, tripropyleneglycol, diacrylate propoxyethanol neopentyl glycol, propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate or oligomers of acrylates. Such dispersions can be purchased from Clariant under the trade mark HIGHLINK NANO and the Hanse-Chemie under the trademark NANOCRYL. Colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles of aluminum oxide in a Monomeric acrylates, such as, for example, NANODUR from Nanophase Technologies or NANOBYK from BYK-Chemie, can also be used to increase the hardness of the coating and its resistance to scratching. In addition, to further improve resistance to scratching and slipping could be applied dispersion of polyethylene, PTFE or polypropylene wax in a Monomeric acrylates, such as, for example, a series of products EVERGLIDE S-390 from Shamrock Technologies. On the other hand, the wax may be added in powder form. Dispersion fosaprepitant are present in amounts of about 0.5 mass part or more and preferably about 1 mass part or more. Dispersion of the wax present in an amount of about 10 mass parts or less, preferably 5 mass parts or less by weight of the coating.

In addition, to improve the elasticity and adhesion of the coatings can be applied plasticizers or means to stiffen the rubber-based. May be any known in the art plasticizer or a means to stiffen, which improves the elasticity or stiffness of the coating and which has no adverse effect on the desired properties of the coating according to the present invention. The preferred plasticizers are granules of thermoplastic acrylic resins, as, for example, pellets of thermoplastic acrylic resin ELVACITETMfrom Lucite (Ineos Resins or resin HYCAR from a Noveon.

Coating composition preferably has a viscosity that allows you to perform necessary operations with the composition, i.e. feeding pump and apply to the surface, and which facilitates the formation of a film without the uncovered plots when applied to the substrate. Applicable specific viscosity will depend on the method of application. For example, the composition for screen printing will require significantly higher viscosity compared to compositions for inkjet printing. For example, if the composition is applied by screen printing, the composition typically has a viscosity of about 2000 Sant who Poises or more and more preferably about 5000. Preferably the composition has a viscosity of 50,000 CP or less. If the composition is applied using an inkjet printing composition has a viscosity of 5 centipoise or more. Preferably, the composition has a viscosity of 50 centipoise or less. If the composition is applied by spraying on the substrate, it has a viscosity of 5 centipoise or more. Preferably, the composition has a viscosity of 100 centipoise or less.

The composition according to the present invention can be obtained by mixing the ingredients and subsequent mixing. Method and equipment for obtaining compositions is well known to specialists in this field of technology. Substances are mixed under such conditions to form a stable homogeneous dispersion. You can use any equipment and methods that lead to this result. The components can be mixed at temperature close to the room temperature (about 20-25°C) up to about 60°C, and preferably at room temperature. To mix the components can be in the air, and it is preferable to mix in a dry environment to improve the stability of the composition to hydrolysis. Substance is stirred for a period of time sufficient to obtain a homogeneous dispersion. Preferably, the components are stirred for about 60 minutes or more, more preferably primerno minutes or more. Preferably the components are mixed for about 240 minutes or less, and more preferably about 180 minutes or less. If the particles of the pigment in the dispersion is too large, the particles or the coating obtained from the composition may have poor appearance. Therefore, it is desirable that the filler and the pigment was present in the form of particles, the size of which give the opportunity to obtain a composition in the form of dispersion, and which give the opportunity to get complete coverage without the uncovered areas, which has a suitable elasticity and appearance. If the particle size is too large, the composition can be subjected to grinding stage. This grinding can be performed in any equipment known to experts in the art for such grinding (i.e. grinding ball mill, horizontal or vertical grinding using grinding, grinding with sand or gravel, etc.) Preferably, the particle size is less than or equal to 10 microns, and more preferably less than 5 microns. As soon as the composition is mixed with the formation of a homogeneous solution and particles brought to the desired composition, size, surface composition can be placed in storage. Preferably, the composition is stored in anhydrous conditions for preventing the disgust of the instability. In a preferred embodiment, the fillers and/or pigments dispersed in a reactive diluent with the assistance of dispersing funds before they will be added to the coating compositions of the present invention. If the particle size of the pigments or fillers is too large, the dispersion is subjected to grinding before adding them to the compositions of the present invention.

Coatings can be applied on glass or plastic coatings by any means known to specialists in this field of technology. They can be applied by conventional means, using brushes, rollers, spraying onto the surface using an inkjet printing using screen printing, etc. Preferably, the composition can be applied with the use of robotic devices for applying. Such devices are well known to specialists in this field. After coating on the surface of the substrate, the coating is placed in conditions that cause the polymerization, i.e. the conditions that cause to begin the polymerization reaction in the composition. In the case of compositions in which the functional groups of the film-forming resin and other reactive components are those which react with free radicals, this means performing a series of operations that will cause the catalyst is whether the initiator to initiate the formation of free radicals and free radical polymerization. In a preferred embodiment, the catalyst or initiator is photoinitiator, and polymerization is initiated by the action of the composition of the radiation, such as ultraviolet light or electron beam. The source of energy used to achieve cross-linkage of functional groups under the action of radiation, may be actinic (e.g., radiation having a wavelength in the ultraviolet or visible range of the spectrum), may represent an accelerated particles (such as electron beam radiation), can be thermal (i.e. heat or infrared radiation), or the like. Preferably, the source of energy is actinic radiation or accelerated particles, because these energy sources provide excellent control of initiation and the rate of the reaction cross-linkage. In addition, actinic radiation and accelerated particles can be used for curing at relatively low temperatures. This avoids the destruction of components that could be sensitive to relatively high temperatures that would be required to initiate cross-linkage groups, curable under the action of radiation, in the application of the methods of thermal curing. Suitable sources actinic the CSOs radiation include mercury lamps, electrodeless lamp, a xenon lamp, an arc lamp with carbon electrodes, lamps with tungsten filaments, the energy of the electron beam, sunlight and the like, Particularly preferably ultraviolet radiation, in particular from xenon lamps, mercury lamps, medium-pressure or electrodeless lamps. The initiator preferably is photoinitiator and in this embodiment, the polymerization initiated by UV radiation. The amount of radiation which act on the composition, is such, which leads to the initiation of free radical polymerization in the presence of photoinitiator and provides the desired final properties of the coating.

In another embodiment, the invention relates to glass or plastic surfaces with abrasion-resistant coating on the surface of which has utverjdenie coating of the present invention. Glass or plastic can be flat or molded. Among the molded glass includes glass having a curved surface. The glass or coated plastic coated according to the present invention can be used for any purpose for which, as known to a person skilled in the field of technology they apply. Preferably, the glass or coated plastic are used as Windows, and cover nakasato perimeter of the window. Preferably, the coating is located near the perimeter of the window so that it is capable of blocking the passage of light, to prevent its action on the adhesive, which secures the window in the design. The floor around the perimeter also hides finishing components located around the perimeter of the window. Preferably, the coating shows a transmittance of ultraviolet light of about 1 percent or less from the light that falls on the floor, and more preferably about 0.5% or less. In a preferred embodiment, the glass is curved and the advantage of the coating according to the present invention is that the coating can be deposited on glass after giving the glass forms. Preferably the glass betray shape before coating. Preferably, utverjdenie floor shows such resistance to abrasion that after 500 cycles according to test ASTM D1044, the coating keeps the light transmission less than 1 percent. Preferably the coating shows resistance to abrasion about Δ% T<1%, more preferably Δ% T<0.75 percent and most preferably about Δ% T<0.5 per cent, determined under the test ASTM D1044.

Covered with glass or plastic is preferably used as Windows, and presupposes the equipment used as Windows in the car. Figure 1 shows a box according to the present invention. In addition, figure 1 shows a box (10) with Frit (11)located on the perimeter of the window (10).

In another embodiment, the invention relates to a window made of glass or coated plastic, with utverzhdennym coating located on the perimeter of the window and an adhesive applied to the floor. Figure 2 shows one of the embodiments of the present invention, in which the window (10) is equipped with the applied Frit (11) and on the Frit under window applied strip of adhesive (12). The strip of adhesive (12) is placed around the perimeter of the window (10) so that it was continuous and was able to provide complete sealing of the perimeter of the window.

The strip of adhesive placed around the perimeter of the window, may be a strip of any known adhesive, apply for snap Windows to the structures. In one embodiment, the implementation of an adhesive substance may include isocyanate group, siloxy groups, or may be a combination of adhesives with isocyanate, siloxy groups, which harden under the action of moisture. In the system of the present invention can be used any adhesive substance on the basis of the isocyanate groups, which are designed to attach to nonporous surfaces such as metal, plastic coating and/or glass. Examples of applicable adhesive systems are disclosed in U.S. patent No. 4 374 237, U.S. patent No. 4 687 533, U.S. patent No. 4 780 520, U.S. patent No. 5 063 269, U.S. patent No. 5 623 044, U.S. patent No. 5 603 798, U.S. patent No. 5 852 137, U.S. patent No. 5 976 305, U.S. patent No. 5 852 137, U.S. patent No. 6 512 033, relevant excerpts of which are included in the present application by reference. Examples of commercially available adhesives that can be applied according to the present invention are adhesives BETASEALTM15630, 15625, 61355, available from The Dow Chemical Company. Adhesives for windscreens EFBONDTMthat can be purchased from Eftec, adhesives WS151TM, WS212TMyou can buy the Yokohama Rubber Company, and adhesives PROVIDESTMavailable from Sika Corporation.

In one of the embodiments of the adhesive composition of the present invention contains a polymer having a flexible skeleton and containing silane fragments that can condense with silanolate. The polymer with a flexible skeleton may be any polymer with a flexible main chain, to which can be attached to a functional group of silane, is able to condense with silanolate. In a preferred polymeric skeletons include polyesters, polyurethanes, polyolefins, etc. among the more preferred polymer skeletons entrance is t polyesters and polyurethanes, the most preferred are the polyesters. Examples of such adhesive compositions are the compositions disclosed in the Mahdi, the U.S. 2002/01550 A1. Even more preferred polymer is a polyester comprising silane fragments that can condense with silanolate. In some embodiments, the implementation of the polymers applicable to the present invention, are polymers disclosed Yukimoto and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 4 906 707; Iwakiri and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 5 342 914; Yukimoto in U.S. patent No. 5 063 270; Yukimoto and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 5 011 900; or Suzuki and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 5 650 467, all of which patents is incorporated into the present application by reference. Such polymers preferably are oxyalkylene polymers containing at least one reactive silicon group in the molecule.

The terms "reactive silicon group" or "reactive silane capable of condensing with silanolate" means a silicon-containing group, in which the silicon atom is connected hydrolyzable group or hydroxyl group, and which may be subjected to cross-linking by the condensation reaction with silanolate. The hydrolyzable group is not specifically limited, and are selected from conventional hydrolyzable groups. Specific examples are a hydrogen atom, the atom halog is on, alkoxygroup, alloctype, the group of the oxime of the ketone, aminogroup, aminogroup, group, acid amide, aminochrome, mercaptopropyl and alkenylacyl. Among them, preferred are a hydrogen atom, alkoxygroup, alloctype, the group of the oxime of the ketone, amino group, aminogroup, aminochrome, mercaptopropyl and alkenylacyl. More preferred alkoxygroup, and methoxy or ethoxypropan preferred to the greatest extent, due to the ease of processing due to their ability to either hydrolyzed under mild conditions. With one atom of silicon may be due from one to three hydroxyl or hydrolyzable groups. If one reactive silicon-containing group, there are two or more hydroxyl or hydrolyzable groups, they may be the same or different. Reactive silicon-containing group may include one or more silicon atoms.

In one embodiment, the implementation used in the adhesive compositions of the flexible polymer is a prepolymer with terminal atom of silicon, obtained by the interaction of the polyol described in this application, with isocyanatobenzene comprising at least one silane fragment, with the related fragment, hydrolyzable under such conditions that the hydroxyl group of the polyol interaction of whom were with isocyanate fragments of isocyanatobenzene, so on the chain polyol formed end silane fragment, and the interaction is preferably carried out without addition of catalyst. The polyols that can be used to obtain a prepolymer with terminal silyl fragment include polyols, applicable to obtain polyurethane prepolymers, which in turn are used as adhesives and elastomers, and which are well known to the person skilled in the art. Br and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 5 672 652, see section 4, row 5-60 (the relevant part is incorporated into the present application by reference) disclose a preferred polyols applicable to obtain prepolymers with terminal a silanol group. Polyol and polyether chain has a mass-average molecular weight of about 2000 or more, more preferably about 3,000 or more, even more preferably about 6000 or more, even more preferably about 10,000 or more, and most preferably 12000 or more. The final polyol and polyether chain preferably has a mass-average molecular weight of about 20,000 or less, more preferably about 16000 or less, even more preferably about 14000 or less and most preferably about 12000 or less. The polyols preferably have low levels of unsaturation, predpochtitelno about 0.04 milliequivalent unsaturation per gram of polyol or less, and more preferably about 0.02 milliequivalent unsaturation per gram of polyol or less. In addition, the number of applicable under this option the implementation of the polyols include polymers having polyolefin skeleton and the end of the hydroxy-group. Examples of such polyols are KRATONTMrepresenting a polyethylene/butylene polymers containing terminal hydroxides, for example, the polymer KRATONTMLiquid L-2203. The polyols and polyether skeleton-based polyalkyleneglycol obtained with the use of double metallocyanide catalysts can be used in the present invention. These substances are particularly attractive due to their low level of unsaturation.

The polyols can be introduced into the reaction isocyanatobenzene to obtain reactive of prepolymers with silicon-containing functional groups. In these isocyanatobenzene requires the presence of a silanol groups attached to it hydrolyzable fragment. Isocyanatobenzene applicable in the present invention, is described in U.S. patent No. 4 618 656, section 3, lines 24-34, incorporated into the present application by reference. The reaction of the polyol and silane with an organic Deputy can be performed using the standard method, such as described in U.S. patent No. 4 625 012, incorporated into the present application by the th link. If so desired, can be added to standard polyurethane catalyst, as, for example, disclosed in U.S. patent No. 4 625 012 section 5, lines 14-23. The reaction isocyanatobenzene with the polyol can be carried out at a temperature of about 0°C or higher, more preferably about 25°C or higher, and preferably about 150°C or below and most preferably about 80°C or below. The reaction is preferably carried out in an inert atmosphere. Reactions allow them to go to achieve the desired functionality of the silane.

In another embodiment, the polymer may be a polymer with a polyurethane skeleton, having hydrolyzable silane groups. Such substances are disclosed by Chang in U.S. patent No. 4 622 369 and Pohl in U.S. patent No. 4 645 816, relevant portions of which are incorporated into the present application by reference.

In another embodiment, the skeleton may be a flexible polymer, for example, polyester or polyolefin that is attached to the silicon-containing fragments. Flexible polymer with unsaturated fragments can be introduced into an interaction with a compound containing a hydrogen or hydroxyl group associated with silicon, where the silicon-containing fragment also includes one or more carbon chains with unsaturated fragments. The silicon compound may be added to the unsaturated polymer qu the qu using the hydrosilation reaction. This reaction is described Kawakubo in U.S. patent No. 4 788 254, section 12, row 38-61; U.S. patents№№ 3 971 751; 5 223 597; 4 923 927; 5 409 995 and 5 567 833 included in the present application by reference. The resulting polymer can be subjected to cross-linking in the presence of the reagent carrying out cross-stitching the hydrosilation and hydrosilation catalyst, as described in U.S. patent No. 5 567 833 in section 17, row 31-57 and U.S. patent No. 5 409 995, incorporated into the present application by reference.

Preferred polymers containing siocsiwap are polyesters or polyurethanes with realconsolemode functional groups, in which the polyester or polyurethane skeleton has srednecenovogo molecular weight of about 6000 or more, and polymers, including dialkoxybenzene group and a polyester or a polyurethane skeleton. Preferably, the polymer realconsolemode groups with polyester or polyurethane skeleton, has a mass-average molecular weight of about 10,000 or more, and more preferably about 12,000 or more. Preferably, a polyester or a polyurethane skeleton has srednecenovogo molecular mass equal to 20000 or less, and most preferably 16 000 or less.

Describes the prepolymer is present in the adhesive composition in an amount sufficient to ensure that the s adhesive was able to attach a glass or plastic coating to another substrate, such as metal, plastic, composite material or fiber glass. Preferably, the prepolymer is present in an amount of about 30 percent by weight or more, relative to the weight of the adhesive, more preferably about 40 percent by weight or more, even more preferably about 45 percent by weight or greater and most preferably about 50 percent by weight or more. More preferably, the prepolymer is present in an amount of about 99.8 percent by mass or less relative to the weight of the adhesive, and most preferably about 85 percent by weight or less.

Adhesive composition containing siocsiwap also includes one or more catalysts, known to specialists in this field of technology, which catalyze the reaction of condensation of silanols. The preferred catalysts are the catalysts containing tin, which are well known in the art, see U.S. 2002/0100550, paragraph [0042], is incorporated into the present application by reference. The amount of catalyst in the adhesive composition is preferably about 0.01 percent by mass or more, more preferably about 0.1 percent by mass or more, and most preferably about 0.2 percent by mass or more, and preferably about 5 percent by weight of the sludge is less even more preferably about 1.0 percent by mass or less, more preferably 0.5 percent by mass or less, and most preferably about 0.4 percent by mass or less. The adhesive composition may further include a curing agent for siocsiwap, such as a hydrolyzable compound of silicon, as described in patent publication U.S. 2002/0100550 paragraphs [43-47]. The hydrolyzable silicon compound is used in an amount of from about 0.01 to about 20 mass parts, and preferably from about 0.1 to about 10 mass parts per 100 mass parts of the flexible polymer containing a reactive silicon group and capable of stitching on the basis of the formation of siloxane linkages. If the number of hydrolyzable compounds greater than about 20 mass parts, it has an adverse effect on the elastomeric properties after curing. Additional examples of such hydrolyzable silicon compounds capable of cross-linking reactive polymer are disclosed in U.S. patent No. 5541266 included in the present application by reference. Other possible additives of this type include organosilicon B, disclosed in U.S. patent No. 4837274 see from line 12 of section 7 to line 15 section 9, is incorporated into the present application by reference.

Adhesives based on polyisocyanates, applicable according to the present invention mainly include prepolymers containing isocyanate groups, a catalyst for curing the prepolymer, as well as other additives well known to the person skilled in the art. The prepolymers applicable in the present invention may be conventional prepolymers used in polyurethane adhesive compositions. In a preferred embodiment, the prepolymers are mixed with a compound or polymer containing a silane group. In another preferred embodiment, the prepolymer contains silane groups, along with isocyanate groups. Urethane prepolymer comprising silane groups can be used as the sole prepolymer in the adhesive composition or it can be mixed with a prepolymer containing no Milanovich groups.

Preferred urethane prepolymers intended to receive the adhesive used in the present invention include any compound which has an average functionality isocyanate groups, not less than about 2.0 and a molecular weight of not less than about 2000. Preferably, the average functionality of the prepolymer according to isocyanate groups is at least about 2.2, and more preferably not less than about 2.4. predpochtitelno functionality isocyanate groups does not exceed about 4.0, more preferably does not exceed about 3.5 and most preferably does not exceed about a 3.0. Preferably, the mass-average molecular weight of the prepolymer is not less than about 2500, and more preferably not less than about 3000; and preferably not greater than about 40,000, more preferably not greater than about 20,000, more preferably not greater than about 15,000 and most preferably not greater than about 10,000. The prepolymer can be obtained in any suitable way, as, for example, the interaction of reactive towards isocyanate compounds containing at least two reactive groups, with an excess relative to the stoichiometric amount of MDI, under conditions suitable for the formation of the corresponding prepolymer. See Hseieh and coauthors U.S. patent No. 5852137, line 65 section 4 to line 7 of section 5, is incorporated into the present application by reference. Suitable polyisocyanates for use in the synthesis of the prepolymer disclosed Hseieh and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 5852137, line 40 section 2 to line 45 section 3, is incorporated into the present application by reference. The content of isocyanate in the prepolymers is preferably in the range from about 0.1 percent to about 10 percent, more preferably in the range of from prima is but 1.0 percent to about 5.0 percent, and most preferably in the range of from about 1.5 percent to about 3.0 percent.

A prepolymer with isocyanate groups present in the adhesive composition in a quantity sufficient to ensure that the adhesive composition was able to attach the glass or plastic coated to the desired substrate, such as metal, plastic, fiberglass or composite materials. Preferably, the polymer with the isocyanate groups present in the composition in an amount of about 20 mass parts or more with respect to the weight of the adhesive composition, more preferably about 30 mass parts or more, and most preferably about 40 mass parts or more. Preferably the polymer with isocyanate groups is present in an amount of about 99,8 mass parts or less relative to the weight of the adhesive composition, more preferably about 98 mass parts, and most preferably about 85 mass parts or less.

There are many ways of implementing it is desirable to have the silane is present in any form. Preferred methods include silane fragment in the adhesive compositions disclosed Wu and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 6512033 from line 38 section 5 to line 27 of section 7; U.S. patent No. 5623044; U.S. patent No. 4374237; U.S. patent No. 4345053 and U.S. patent No. 4625012, the appropriate parts of the cat is, which is incorporated into the present application by reference. It is the number of present Milanovich fragments improves adhesion of the adhesive to the surface of the substrate. The number present silane is preferably about 0.1 mass part or more by weight of adhesive and most preferably about 0.5 mass part or more. The amount of the applied silane is preferably about 10 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 2.0 to mass parts or less.

In addition, the adhesive contains a catalyst, which catalyzes the interaction of isocyanate fragments with water or compounds containing active hydrogen. This catalyst may be any known in the art catalyst interaction isocyanate fragments with water or compounds containing active hydrogen. Among the preferred catalysts are ORGANOTIN compounds, alkanoate metals and tertiary amines, such as, for example, demoralization ethers. Among the applicable ORGANOTIN catalysts include such compounds as the oxides alkalolu, alkanoate tin carboxylates dialkylamino and mercaptide tin. Alkanoate tin include octoate tin. Among the oxides alkalolu include oxides dialkylamino, such as oxide dibutylamine and its derivatives. Roworganized is their catalysts preferably are dicarboxylate dialkylamino or demarcated dialkylamino. Dicarboxylate dialkylamino preferably correspond to the formula (R1OC(O)2-Sn-(R1)2where R1in each case independently represents a C1-10alkyl, preferably C1-3alkyl and most preferably methyl. Dicarboxylate dialkylamino with a smaller total number of carbon atoms are preferred because they are more active catalysts in the compositions used in the present invention. Preferred dicarboxylate dialkylamino include dilaurate 1,1-dimethylurea, diacetate 1,1-dibutyrate and dimiat 1,1-dimethylurea. ORGANOTIN catalyst is present in an amount of about 60 parts per million or more by weight of adhesive, more preferably 120 parts per million or more. ORGANOTIN catalyst is present in an amount of 1.0 mass parts or less relative to the weight of the adhesive, more preferably about 0.5 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 0.1 mass parts or less.

In a preferred tertiary amines include demoralization esters, di((dealkylation)alkalemia) ethers, bis-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)ether, triethylenediamine, pentamethyldiethylenetriamine, N,N-dimethylcyclohexylamine, N,N-dimethylpiperazine, 4 - methoxyethylmercury, N, N-ethylmorpholine and mixtures thereof; also can be used alkanoate metals, such as octanoate bismuth or neodecanoate bismuth, etc. preferred tertiary amines are demoralization ether or di-(2-(3,5-dimethylmorpholine)ethyl)ether. Tertiary amines are preferably used in quantities equal to, considering the relative weight of adhesive, about to 0.01 mass part or more, more preferably approximately 0.05 mass part or more, more preferably about 0.1 mass part or more and most preferably approximately 0.2 mass part or more and about to 2.0 mass parts or less, more preferably around 1.75 mass parts or less, even more preferably about 1.0 mass part or less and most preferably about 0.4 mass parts or less.

Further, the adhesive composition may include a stabilizing amount of organic phosphites. Organic postit preferably present in a quantity sufficient to improve the bonding strength of the adhesive composition with the surface of the substrate. Preferably, at least one of the phosphorus atoms bound to the oxygen atom, which is connected with aromatic fragment, for example, phenyl. Preferably, at least one of the phosphorus atoms bound to the oxygen atom, the United sulkily fragment. Preferably, at least one of the phosphorus atoms is connected with both aromatic and alkyl fragment through oxygen atoms. Organic phosphites are preferred for use in the present invention are phosphites, including ligands, one of which contains at least one aliphatic fragment, and the other at least one aromatic fragment, or at least one ligand includes both aromatic and aliphatic structures, i.e. it is almariam. In this context, the term "ligand" refers to a group associated with oxygen, which is linked to the phosphorus atom of phosphite. In a preferred embodiment, postit corresponds to the formula:

P(OR2)3or (R2O)2P-O-R3-O-P(OR2)2

Preferably, R2independently in each case represents a C6-18alkyl, C7-30alkaryl or C6-20aryl; more preferably C6-12alkyl and most preferably C9-12alkyl. Preferably R3independently in each case represents a C6-18alkylene, C7-30elkarren or C6-20Allen; more preferably C7-30elkarren or C6-20Allen; even more preferably C7-30elkarren and most preferably, the divalent structure that includes bisphenol, for example, 1,3-Propylenediamine methylenediphenyl. Preferably, the structure of the divalent bisphenola based on bisphenol A or bisphenol F. In this application, the term "alkyl" means a saturated linear or branched carbon chain.

Among the preferred organic phosphites include poly(dipropyleneglycol)phenylphosphate (available from Dover Chemical Corporation under the trademark and designation DOVERPHOS 12), tetrakis-Isodecyl-4,4'-isopropylidene the diphosphite (available from Dover Chemical Corporation under the trademark and designation DOVERPHOS 675) and phenoldisulfonic (available from Dover Chemical Corporation under the trademark and designation DOVERPHOS 7). Preferably, the organic postit is present in the adhesive substance in an amount of about 0.1 percent by mass or more and more preferably about 0.2 percent by mass or more. Preferably organic postit is present in the adhesive substance in an amount of about 1.0 percent by mass or less and more preferably about 0.5 percent by mass or less.

In a preferred embodiment, an adhesive substance contains light. May be any light that promotes strong ties adhesive system with the substrate for a considerable part of the life of the structure. The preferred light stabilizers are with estabilizador based on spatial difficult amines. Light stabilizers based on spatial difficult amines mainly include products that can be purchased from Ciba Geigy as, for example, TINUVINTM144, i.e. n-butyl-(3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)bis-(1,2,2,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl) malonate; TINUVINTM622, i.e. the polymer dimethylsuccinic with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidine ethanol; TINUVINTM77, i.e. bis-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacina; TINUVINTM123, i.e. bis(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacina; TINUVINTM765, i.e. bis-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacina; CHIMASSORBTM944, i.e. poly[[6-[(1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL)amino]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diyl][(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)imino]-1,6-hexanediol[(2,2,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)imino]]), which can be purchased from Citec; CYASORBTMUV-500, i.e. bis-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyloxy)ether of 1,5-dioxaspiro(5,5)under-3,3-dicarboxylic acid; CYASORBTMUV-3581, i.e. the 3-dodecyl-1-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinylidene-2,5-dione) and CYASORBTMUV-3346, i.e. poly [(6-morpholino-s-triazine-2,4-diyl)[(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)imino]hexamethylene[(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)imino]]. The preferred light stabilizers based on spatial difficult amines include TINUVINTM123, i.e. bis(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacina; TINUVINTM765, i.e. bis-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)SEB is zinat. Can be used a number of sitosterolemia, sufficient to improve the durability of the binding with the substrate. Preferably, the light used in an amount of about 0.1 mass part or more by weight of the adhesive composition or transparent soil, more preferably approximately 0.2 mass part or more, most preferably about 0.3 mass part or more. Preferably, the amount present sitosterolemia is about 3 mass parts or less by weight of the adhesive composition or transparent soil, more preferably about 2 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 1 mass part or less.

The adhesive composition may contain other additives commonly used in adhesives and well-known specialist in this field of technology. In the adhesive composition may include fillers known in the art for use in adhesive compositions. The addition of such materials it is possible to modify the physical properties, such as viscosity, fluidity, education dents and flows, etc. However, to prevent premature hydrolysis of the moisture sensitive groups of the prepolymer, preferably thoroughly dried fillers before adding adhesive compositions.

Among the optional components of the adhesives, primenimogo of the present invention, include reinforcing fillers. Such fillers are very well known to the specialist in the art and include gas carbon black, titanium dioxide, calcium carbonate, silicon oxide with a machined surface, titanium oxide, colloidal silica and talc. Reinforcing fillers are used in quantities sufficient to increase the strength of adhesive to give it a thixotropic properties. Preferably, the reinforcing filler is present in an amount of about 1 mass part by weight of adhesive composition or greater, more preferably about 15 mass parts or more and most preferably about 20 mass parts or more. Preferably the reinforcing filler is present in an amount of about 40 mass parts by weight of the adhesive composition or less, more preferably about 35 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 33 mass parts or less.

Among the optional components of the adhesive compositions composed of clay. Preferred clay applicable in the present invention include kaolin, the kaolin with the processed surface, fired kaolin, aluminum silicate and anhydrous silicates of aluminum with a machined surface. Clay can be used in any form, which facilitates obtaining an adhesive composition suitable for p is renacci pump. Preferably, the clay has the form of a fine powder, granules, dried, spray dried, or powdered particles. Clay can be used in the amount from about 0 mass parts by weight of adhesive composition or greater, more preferably about 1 mass part or more and more preferably about 6 mass parts or more. Preferably the clay is used in an amount of about 20 mass parts or less by weight of the adhesive composition, and more preferably about 10 mass parts or less.

In addition to the above, the adhesive composition applicable in the present invention may include plasticizers to modify the rheological properties and obtain the desired consistency. These substances, preferably, does not contain water, do not interact with reactive groups and is compatible with the polymers used in the adhesive composition. Suitable plasticizers are very well known in the art, including preferably includes alkylphenate, for example, diallylphthalate where alkylphenate contain different linear C7C9and C11alkyl group, diisononylphthalate, diisodecylphthalate, dioctylphthalate or dibutyl phthalate, partially hydrogenated terpenes, which can be purchased under the trademark “HB-40”, trioctylphosphine, epoxy-plastificator is s, toluensulfonate, chlorinated paraffin wax, esters of adipic acid, castor oil, toluene, xylene, N-methylpyrrolidone alkylnaphthalene. The plasticizer is present in the adhesive composition in such an amount that provides the desired rheological properties and which is sufficient to disperse the catalyst and other components of the system and to provide the desired viscosity. The amount of plasticizer according to the present application include those quantities that were added at the time of receipt of the prepolymer and during preparation of the adhesive composition. Preferably, the plasticizers used in the adhesive composition in an amount of from about 0 mass parts or more by weight of the adhesive composition, more preferably about 5 mass parts or more, even more preferably about 10 mass parts or more, and most preferably about 20 mass parts or more. The plasticizer is preferably used in an amount of about 45 mass parts or less by weight of the total adhesive composition, more preferably about 40 mass parts or less, even more preferably about 30 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 25 mass parts or less.

Further, the adhesive composition applicable in the present invention may include stabilizers, to the verge protect the adhesive composition from moisture and thereby inhibit chemical processes and prevent premature crosslinking capable of crosslinking the polymer in the adhesive composition. Among such stabilizers include hydrocarbonylation, for example, VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE, diethylmalonate and alkylphenolethoxylate. These stabilizers are preferably used in an amount of about 0.1 mass part or more by weight of the total adhesive composition, preferably about 0.5 mass part or more and more preferably about 0.8 mass part or more. The stabilizers are used in amounts of about to 5.0 mass parts or less by weight of the adhesive composition, more preferably about 2.0 to mass parts or less, and most preferably about 1.4 mass parts or less.

The adhesive composition used in the present invention may further contain well-known specialists in the field of technology, the adhesion promoter, such as the promoters described Mahdi and co-authors in U.S. patent No. 6 828 403 from line 50 section 11 to line 57 section 12, and Wu in U.S. patent No. 6 512 033 from line 38 section 5, below in section 6 and to the line 35 section 7, both patents incorporated into the present application by reference. Preferably, the adhesion promoters are aminoalkylsilane, vinylacetylene, isocyanatoacetate, and alkoxysilane with which groups. More preferably, if the number of additional adhesion promoters include gamma glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane the LAN, gamma isocyanatopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-phenyl-gamma-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, gamma isocyanatopropyltrimethoxysilane, gamma isocyanatopropyltrimethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltriethoxysilane, gamma glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, Tris(gamma-triethoxysilylpropyl)isocyanurate, vinyltriethoxysilane or VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE. These additional adhesion promoters are present in a quantity sufficient to enhance the adhesion of the adhesive to the glass or the surface of another substrate to the desired level, usually determined by testing the shear strength for the adhesive bonding and the nature of damage connection with the substrate. Preferably, the amount of adhesion promoter is about 10 mass parts or less by weight of the adhesive composition; more preferably about 5 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 2 mass parts or less. Preferably, the amount of adhesion promoter is about to 0.01 mass part or more by weight of the adhesive composition; more preferably about 0.1 mass part or more and most preferably about 0.5 mass part or more.

The adhesive compositions may also contain known in the art, thermal stabilizers. Among the preferred stabilizers include alkylenes is installed phenols, the phosphites, Sabatini and cinnamate. Preferably, the number of thermo stabilizer is approximately 5 mass parts or less by weight of the adhesive composition; more preferably about 2 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 1.0 mass part or less. Preferably, the number of thermo stabilizer is about 0.01 to mass part or more by weight of the adhesive composition, and most preferably about 0.5 mass part or more.

In another preferred embodiment, the applied adhesive composition can optionally contain an ultraviolet light absorber. Can be applied to any ultraviolet light absorber, which improves the durability of the binding of adhesive with the substrate. Preferred absorbers of UV light include benzophenone and benzotriazole. More preferred absorbers of UV light include products from Ciba Geigy, for example, TINUVINTMP, i.e. the 2-(2'-hydroxy-5'-were)benzotriazole; TINUVINTM326, ie 2-(5-chloro-2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-6-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-METHYLPHENOL; TINUVINTM213 poly(oxy-1,2-ethandiyl), (α,(3-(3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-oxopropyl)-ω-hydroxy; poly(oxy-1,2-ethandiyl), (α,(3-(3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-oxopropyl)-ω-(α,(3-(3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-d is methylethyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-oxopropyl); TINUVINTM327, i.e. the 2-(3,5-decret-butyl-2-hydroxyphenol)-5-chlorobenzotriazole; TINUVINTM571, ie, 2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-6-dodecyl-4-METHYLPHENOL, branched and linear; TINUVINTM328, ie, 2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-bis(1,1-dimethylpropyl)phenol, as well as products Cytec, such as CYASORBTMUV-9, i.e. the 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone; CYASORBTMUV-24, i.e. 2,2'-dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone; CYASORBTMUV-1164, ie [4,6-bis(2,4-dimetilfenil)-1,3,5-triazine-2-yl]-5-(octyloxy)phenol; CYASORBTMUV-2337, i.e. the 2-(2'-hydroxy-3',5'-titratability)benzotriazole; CYASORBTMUV-2908, i.e. hexadecylamine ester of 3,5-decret-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid; CYASORBTMUV-5337, i.e. the 2-(2'-hydroxy-3',5'-ditertbutyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole; CYASORBTMUV-531, i.e. the 2-hydroxy-4-p-acetoxybenzoic; and CYASORBTMUV-3638, i.e. 2,2-(1,4-phenylene)bis[4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one]. Among the more preferred absorbers of UV light include CYASORBTMUV-531, i.e. the 2-hydroxy-4-p-acetoxybenzoic and TINUVINTM571, ie, 2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-6-dodecyl-4-METHYLPHENOL, branched and linear. Preferably, the absorber UV-light is used in a quantity sufficient to improve the durability of the binding of adhesive with the substrate. Preferably, the UV absorber is used in an amount of about 0.1 mass part or more by weight of the adhesive composition, more preferably about 0.2 mass is howl parts or more, and most preferably about 0.3 mass part or more. Preferably, the absorber UV-light is used in an amount of about 3 mass parts or less by weight of the adhesive composition, more preferably about 2 mass parts or less, and most preferably about 1 mass parts or less.

To create adhesive compositions are mixed with one or more prepolymers and cilostamide connection, if it enters into the composition, preferably with fillers and additives known prior art, intended for use in elastomeric compositions. The addition of such materials it is possible to modify physical properties such as viscosity, fluidity, education dents and flows, etc. However, to prevent premature hydrolysis of the moisture sensitive groups of the polymer, the filler should be thoroughly dried before mixing with other components.

Other components generally present in the adhesive compositions can be used in adhesive compositions used in the present invention. Such materials are well known to the person skilled in the art and may include antioxidants.

Typically, the method of fastening of glass or plastic coated, for example, a window to the substrate includes applying an adhesive substance on top of the awn glass or plastic coated on the portion of the glass or plastic coated, which should be attached to the structure, and which is covered with a composition of the present invention. After this adhesive is brought into contact with the second substrate so that the adhesive was placed between the glass or plastic coated and the second substrate. Gluing substance allow to harden for formation of a strong connection between glass or plastic with coating and substrate. In a preferred embodiment, one substrate is glass or plastic with abrasion resistant surface (covered with plastic) and the other substrate is a plastic, metal, fiberglass, or a substrate made of composite material (for example, hardened prefabricated laminates),which may not necessarily be painted. This method is especially effective for substrates, painted with acid resistant paint. Typically, the adhesive is applied at room temperature in the presence of atmospheric moisture. The action of atmospheric moisture is sufficient to cause curing of the adhesive composition. Curing may be further accelerated by the action of heat-curing the adhesive composition by using heat convection or microwave radiation. Plastic with abrasion resistant coating may be any plastic material having transparency, as in the example, polycarbonate, acrylic polymer, gidrirovanny polystyrene or gidrirovanny block copolymer of styrene and of a conjugated diene containing more than 50 percent of styrene. Among the abrasion resistant coating may include any coating, resistant to abrasion, such as polysiloxane coating. Preferably the coating contains a pigment additive that block ultraviolet light.

In another embodiment, the present invention is a transparent composition of the present invention can be used as a transparent wear resistant coating on a transparent plastic substrate. This coating should not contain pigment, which gives the opacity of the cured coating. Thus, a transparent plastic substrate with a cured coating of the present invention can be used in the design as open. The coating gives a transparent plastic abrasion resistance. The transparent coating may contain known additives that block ultraviolet light. The coating according to the present invention contains the pigment that gives him the opacity may be subsequently deposited on the surface of the window is plastic coated on the perimeter of the window.

In another embodiment, adhesive may be cured p and having an adhesive substance, comprising a polymer with a flexible skeleton, carrying on a functional group, and optionally comprising an encapsulated curing agent for the adhesive. This adhesive is disclosed in U.S. patent No. 6355127, relevant portions of which are incorporated in this application by reference. Cured, if necessary, an adhesive may be applied to another time and in another place, in relation to the time and place of installation of the window into the design. Typically, just before the introduction of the contact window and design, adhesive is placed in conditions that cause the release of the encapsulated curing reagent with the aim of curing the adhesive composition. Typically, this is achieved by action on the adhesive heat, which causes the melting of the encapsulating means and releases the curing agent, thereby starting the curing of the adhesive composition. In another embodiment, an adhesive substance may be a slow-cure adhesive based on polyurethane, containing the crystalline polyester. This adhesive is heated before the introduction of Windows in contact with the construction in which it is installed, in order to give an adhesive substance properties of hot melt and quickly to ensure procrastinators connection when cooled. Such an adhesive substance can be delivered from a remote location to the location where the window will be attached to the structure.

In another embodiment, the invention relates to the design, where the structure by means of adhesive attached to the glass or plastic with an abrasion resistant coating, which is applied a cured coating composition of the present invention. Glass or plastic coated are preferably a window, and the construction preferably is a vehicle or building. Figure 3 presents step-by-step cross-section of the connection between design and window. This figure shows the glass (10) and organic Frit (11). With organic Frit (11) is bounded adhesive (12) and flange design (13), which are connected by an adhesive substance. Figure 4 shows a cross-section of the attachment method of the prior art. Shows the glass (10), the Frit is made of ceramic enamel (14), the transparent layer of the soil (15), a layer of dark soil (16), adhesive (12) and flange design (13).

In another embodiment, the structure is a vehicle. Figure 5 shows the car with glasses attached to the chassis. Car shown (21)having a windshield (22) with Frit (23) on its perimeter. Also shown attached to the rear side of the stack is (25) with Frit (26), located on the perimeter of these glasses. Also shown in the rear window (27) with Frit (28)placed around the perimeter of the rear window (27).

Typically, the window is placed in the design in the following way. The method refers to the window with the deposited coating composition, placed around the perimeter of the window, and the composition is utverzhdenii. This window's perimeter has a coating according to the present invention with a strip of adhesive described in the present application, which is marked on the floor around the perimeter of the window. The window is coated with an adhesive is injected into contact with the window flange design, so that adhesive was placed between the window and the design. Gluing substance allow to harden. When using coatings and systems of the present invention in cars can be fixed rear side Windows, windshields, rear Windows and hatches on the roof.

As for polyurethane prepolymers with an average functionality isocyanate groups and a molecular weight determined according to Wu, U.S. patent No. 6512033 line 3-29 section 11 and Brihat " U.S. patent No. 5922809 from line 65 section 12 through line 26 section 13, both source incorporated into the present application by reference.

The compositions of the present invention can be used to repair defective or damaged the coatings or Frits. These coatings may be organic, inorganic or a combination of both. The compositions of the present invention can be applied to the damaged or defective part of the coating and subjected to curing. For example, with application of the coatings of the present invention can be repaired damaged ceramic enamel around the perimeter of the window. Color renovated coating can be selected by using the compositions of the present invention.

The described compositions can be used in any applications that require a coating on the glass or clear plastic; for example, in buildings, vehicles, furniture, equipment, containers for beverages, products used in the household and so on), and the like.

A massive part in this application relate to compositions, containing a total of 100 mass parts.

Specific embodiments of the invention

The following examples are included in the text of the application only for illustrative purposes and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Unless otherwise indicated, all parts and percentages are mass.

Examples 1-9

Received several coating compositions of the present invention in the manner described below.

The following components were added in Max 60 cp and stirred at high speed for 30 minutes to ensure that the inhibitor and dispersant additive is completely dissolved, and to wetting by the resin, pigments and fillers.

Table 1
Examples1-71-78899
componentgramswt. interestgramswt. interestgramswt. interest
isobornyl acrylate24,60016,40011,48016,411,16515,950
Tripropylene glycol diacrylate12,2258,1505,7058,1505,7058,150
acrylic acid8,9405,9604,172 5,9604,1725,960
acrylic polysiloxane derived10,6000,4000,2800,4000,2800,400
inhibitor20,7500,5000,3500,5000,3500,500
dispersing tool30,6750,4500,630to 0.900
urethaneacrylate442,96028,64020,04828,6020,04828,640
gas soot56,7504,5003,1504,5003,1504,500
aluminum oxide652,50035,00024,50035,00024,50035,000
Only150,000100,00070,000100,0070,000100,00
1. TEGO RADTM2100 additive consisting of acrylic polysiloxane derived, which can be purchased from Tego Chemie (Degussa).
2. ADDITIVETM01-468 inhibitor of free radical polymerization from Rahn.
3. SOLSPERSETM32000 polymeric amide Hyperdispersants from Avecia.
4. CNTM985B88 urethaneacrylate from Sartomer, a mixture of aliphatic urethaneacrylate, triacrylate monomer and hexadienal.
5. MOGULTME gas carbon black from Cabot.
6. RC-LS DBM powder of alpha-alumina from Baikowski-Malakoff.

After stirring at high speed, the resulting composition, and 8 mm grinding sets made from zirconium oxide, stabilized magnesium oxide, was added in 8-unsavy (237 ml) plastic vessel for grinding NALGENETM. Grinding sets were added in the amount of 1/3 to 1/2 of the volume of the mixture. The mixture was ground in a ball mill for 24 hours. PEFC is grinding added additional components, shown below.

Table 2
Example1,61,62-5,72-5,78899
Componentgramswt. percentagegramswt. percentagegramswt. percentagegramswt. percentage
the crushed composition1586,2114,650584,201586,211086,21
photoinitiator0,95,170,95,170,95,170,65,17
the adhesion promoter1,58,621,58,621,58,6218,62
Additives of examples 2-5 and 7--0,34952,01----
Only17,4100,017,4100,0017,4100,00the 11.6100,00

Components in accordance with table 2 were added in the following sequence. Added photoinitiator, namely photoinitiator based on alpha aminoketones IRGACURETM379, available from Ciba Geigy, and the mixture was stirred flat Cup for at least one hour. Then added the adhesion promoter, namely the adhesion promoter based on bis-(3-triethoxysilylpropyl)amine SILQUESTTMA1170, which can be purchased from GE Silicones, and the mixture was stirred in pascalcase for at least one hour. Then, for each of examples 2-5 and 7 were added concrete additives and stirred the mixture in a flat bowl for at least 1 hour. Used the following additives: for example 2 propyltrimethoxysilane SILQUESTTMA-Link 35; for example 3 KARENZTMMOI, i.e. the isocyanate ethylmercaptan from Kowa/San Esters; for example 4 TYZORTMTnBT, i.e. titanate from DuPont; for example 5 tetraethylorthosilicate; and for example 7 TINUVINTM123, i.e. light-based spatial difficult amine from Ciba. Example 6 photoinitiator IRGACURETM379 replaced patented mixed photoinitiation SPEEDCURETM3040, which can be purchased from Lambsom/Aceto Corporation.

The coating was applied to the tin side of the glass (the side of the glass, which is in the process of its manufacture is in contact with liquid tin) using a roller 15 and utverjdali using lamp Fusion D-bulb 600 watts/inch at a distance of lamp-item (LPD) 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), 1 passing with a speed of 10 ft/min. Tin side of glass is one that glows blue under the light of fluorescent UV lamps.

The samples were tested with three different adhesive compositions BETASEALTM15625, i.e. the adhesive composition with the isocyanate groups (hereinafter referred to as an adhesive composition 1), BETASEALTM15630, i.e. the adhesive composition with the isocyanate and wilanowie groups (hereinafter referred to as t is KSTU referred to as the adhesive 2) and BETASEAL TM61355, i.e. the adhesive composition with the isocyanate groups (hereinafter referred to as the adhesive 3). Samples were prepared according to the method QKA test described below. After applying the adhesive, coated with glass panels coated with adhesive composition was subjected to various environmental conditions, and then spent the QKA test. Conditions those impacts described for the adhesive after curing for 7 days at 23°C and 50% relative humidity (RH) (condition 1); 14 days at 90°C (2); 4 weeks at 90°C (condition 3); 14 days at 38°C and 100% RH (condition 4); 4 weeks at 38°C and 100% RH (condition 5); 7-day curing at 23°C and 50% RH and then 1 day, 2 days, 5 days and 6 days (6) in a water bath at 90°C; coated samples (without adhesive) was heated at 90°C for 31 days when the action heated up to 90°C water for 30 days (condition 7); maintaining at 30°C and 80% RH for 30 days (conditions 8), and then keeping on a water bath at 90°C for 1-5 days (9). In addition, the samples were kept in air for 1000 hours (10) and 2000 hours (11) under atmospheric chamber after 7 days curing at 23°C and 50% RH. The results are collected in table 3. CF means cohesive tearing (rupture of the adhesive layer), wherein the strip of adhesive composition razorba the and throughout its length. AF means of the adhesive gap, which breaks the bond between the adhesive and the substrate, i.e. the adhesive is peeled from the surface. In table 3 the percentage values refer to the exfoliation of the coating in percent.

Table 3
Conditionsexample/
adhesive
composition
123456789
11100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
12100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF 100CF100CF
13100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
21100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
22100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
23100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF 100CF100CF100CF
31100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
32100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
33100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
41100CF100CF0CF0CF0CF 100CF0CF100CF100CF
42100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
43100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
510CF0CF0CF0CF0CF100CF0CF0CF100CF
52100CF100CF100CF50CF100CF/td> 100CF100CF100CF100CF
53100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
6,
1 day
120-30 CF100CF100CF70CF,
30PF
100CF100CF0CF80CF100CF
6,
1 day
2100CF100CF100CF90CF,
10PF
100CF100CF0CF100CF100CF
6,
1 day
3100CF100CF 100CF90CF
10PF
100CF100CF0CF100CF100CF
6,
2 days
10CF0CF0CF0CF0CF70-80CF0CF0CF
6,
2 days
2100CF100CF100CF90CF,
10PF
100CF100CF100CF100CF
6,
2 days
3100CF100CF100CF50CF,
50PF
100CF100CF100CF100CF
6,
5 days
10CF
6,
5 days
290CF,
10AF
100CFthe coating was peeled off90CF,
10PF
100CF100CF100CF20CF
6,
5 days
390CF,
10AF
100CFthe coating was peeled off50CF,
50PF
100CF100CF100CF100CF

100CF
Table 3 (continued)
Conditionsexample/
adhesive
composition
1234 56789
6,
6 days
1
6,
6 days
290CF,
10AF
90CF,
10AF
100CF90CF100CF100CF0CF
6,
6 days
390CF,
10AF
90CF,
10AF
100CF90CF100CF100CF0CF
7,
2 days
nopokr. OKpokr. OKpok is. OKpokr. OKpokr. OKpokr. OKpokr. OKpokr. OKpokr. OK
7,
3 days
nopokr. OKpokr. OK5%.pokr. OKpokr. OKpokr. OKpokr. OKpokr. OK
7,
6 days
nopokr. OKpokr. OK10%.pokr. OK5%.pokr. OKpokr. OK5%.
7,
7 days
no5%.pokr. OK15%.pokr. OK5%.pokr. OK15%.
7,
10 days
no5%.pokr. OK40%.10%.5%.pokr. OKpokr. OK15%.
7,
13 days
no5%.10%.100%.10%.5%.pokr. OKpokr. OK50-60%.
7,
17 days
no5%.15%.10%.5%.pokr. OK5%.
7,
20 days
no5%.25%./td> 10%.5%.pokr. OK5%.
7,
24 days
no5%.50%.10%.5%.pokr. OK5%.
7,
27 days
no5%.10%.5%.pokr. OK5%.
7,
34 days
no5%.10%.5%.pokr. OK5%.
81100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
82100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
83100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
9,
1 day
130CF,
70AF
100CF20CF50CF,
50PF
40CF,
60AF
100CF0CF30CF, 70AF100CF
9,
1 day
2100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF100CF100CF
9,
1 day
3100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF100CF100CF
9,
2 days
10CF1@0CF
1@80CF
0CF30CF,
70Pf
0CF100CF0CF0CF90CF,
10AF
9,
2 days
2100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF 100CF0CF100CF100CF
9,
2 days
3100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF100CF100CF
9,
3 days
10CF100PF0CF0CF0CF0CF
9,
3 days
2100CF100CF100PF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
9,
3 days
3100CF100CF100PF100CF100CF100CF100CF
9,
4 days
1
9,
4 days
2100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF80CF,
20PF
9,
4 days
3100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF60CF,
40PF
9,
5 days
1
9,
5 days
2100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF80CF,
20PF
9,
5 days
3100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF60CF,
40PF

Table 3 (continued)
Conditionsexample/
adhesive
composition
123456789
101100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF
102AF;1@
20CF,
80AF
100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF0CF
10370AF;
1@
50CF
100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF0CF
111100CF0CF0CF100CF100CF1@80CF100CF0CF112100CF0CF1@10CF100PF100CF1@40CF,
1@0CF
100CF0CF100PF
113100CF0CF100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF100PF

Quick adhesion test with knives (QKA)

In this test the interface adhesive/substrate incised with a sharp knife, so as to delay the adhesive from the surface of the substrate. The results are shown in percent cohesive rupture (fracture layer of urethane adhesive), and the desired result is 100% CF (cohesive rupture - rupture of the adhesive layer). An alternative scenario is that the adhesion gap which is a gap of adhesion between the adhesive and the surface of the substrate.

Example 10

Use the following procedure EXT is the exercise components: isobornyl acrylate (GENOMER TM1121, Rahn) 12,70 g; tripropyleneglycol diacrylate (TRPGDATM, UCB), 6,00 g; acrylic acid (Acros Organics), 5.34 g; tetraethylorthosilicate (net SILBONDTM, SILBOND), 5,00 g; polydimethylsiloxane-modified polyester (BYKTMUV3510, BYK-Chemie), 0.36 g; inhibitor of polymerization (ADDITIVETM01-468, Rahn), 0.50 g; polymer dispersing agent (SOLSPERSETM32000, Avecia), 2.20 g; and aliphatic oligomer urethaneacrylate (CNTM985B88, Sartomer), 21,10, the Components were added in the “Max 60 Cup” from Flack Tek and stirred at high speed with the use Hauschild Speed Mixer DAC 150 FVZ-K at 1000-1500 rpm for 4 minutes. The mixing process was repeated again for another 4 minutes to ensure a homogenous composition. Then, the resulting homogeneous composition was poured into 8-unsavy (237 ml) NALGENE plastic vialTMafter which was added a pigment-based gas of carbon black (MOGULTME, Cabot), 11 g and alumina (RC LS DBM, Baikowski-Malakoff), 32,g. A liquid resin, the gas soot and aluminum oxide were mixed manually wooden medical spatula to Ottaviani language to wet resin pigments/fillers. Then the vessel NALGENETMadded 100 grams of cylindrical grinding (diameter=88 mm, h=8 mm) of zirconium oxide stabilized with magnesium oxide. The vessel NALGENETMcontaining all of the above components were placed in a roller mill and AC is stirred over night (12-20 hours) at the position of the controller 50, for the destruction of all solid agglomerates and proper dispersion of pigments/fillers in the liquid resin. After stirring 20 grams of grinded in a ball mill was added in 1-unlevel (30 ml) glass bottle and then there was added 0.4 g of photoinitiator, based on the alpha hydroxyketone (IRGACURETM184, Ciba), 0.8 g of photoinitiator based on alpha aminoketone (IRGACURETM369, Ciba) and 0.1 g of photoinitiator based monoacetin (LUCRINTMTPO, BASF). The mixture was stirred on a magnetic stirrer magnetic rod for at least 1 hour to dissolve the solid photoinitiator. Then added 2 g of bis-(3-triethoxysilylpropyl)amine (SILQUESTTMA-1170, GE Silicones). The mixture was stirred on a magnetic stirrer for about 1.5 hours. The resulting composition contains the components listed in the following summary of the interest amounts:

Table 4
ComponentMass percentage
isobornyl acrylate11,33
tripropyleneglycol diacrylate5,35
acrylic acid4,76
tetraethylorthosilicate 4,46
the polydimethylsiloxane-modified polyester0,32
inhibitor of polymerization
(ADDITIVETM01-468, Rahn)
0,45
polymeric dispersing agent
(SOLSPERSETM32000, Avecia)
1,96
aliphatic urethaneacrylate
(CNTM985B88, Sartomer)
18,82
pigment-based gas soot
(MOGULTME, Cabot)
9,81
aluminum oxide
(RC LS DBM, Baikowski-Malakoff)
28,56
photoinitiator based on alpha hydroxyketone (IRGACURETM184, Ciba)1,72
photoinitiator based on alpha aminoketone (IRGACURETM369, Ciba)3,43
photoinitiator based monoacrylated (LUCRINTMTPO, BASF)0,43
bis-(3-triethoxysilylpropyl)Amin8,58

Substrates made of glass, containing soda lime, obtained by the float process, from Cat-I (4-inch (10.2 cm)×4 inches (10.2 cm)×5 mm tol is ina) before coating was purified cotton handkerchief soaked in isopropanol in order to remove all surface contamination. After cleaning the glass substrates on their "tin side" was applied coating composition, applying a roller wound with a wire number 10, to obtain the thickness of the dry coating of about 10 microns (0.01 mm). After a contact time of 1 minute, the coating was utverjdali UV light in air for a time less than 10 seconds at a single pass at a speed of 10 feet (3 meters)/per minute using 600 watt/inch lamp Fusion D bulb (Fusion UV system), when the distance from the lamp to the details of 1.5 inches (3.8 cm). The specific conditions and the dose measured by the radiometer Power Puck from EIT, Inc.:

After UV curing, the coating was hard and scratch resistant.

Test coverage

24 hours after UV-curing coated glass samples were subjected to the following tests: penetration of microindenter used to determine the universal hardness, Vickers hardness, and a module cover; pencil hardness scale was used to determine the hardness of the pencil scale according to ASTM D3363; adhesion test method for transverse notches/adhesive tape according to ASTM D3359 used to define the initial adhesion of the coating in the dry state, immersion in boiling water with a temperature of 100°C was used to determine the resistance of the coating to the action of water, steel sponge was used to assess the stability of the coating to abrasion and the transmittance was measured to evaluate the opacity of the coating.

Results

Table 5
The intensity of UV-A=3730 mW/cm2Dose UV-A=3835 MJ/cm2UV-A=320-390 nm
The intensity of UV-B=1136 mW/cm2The dose of UV-B=1161 MJ/cm2UV-B=280-320 nm
The intensity of UV-C=67 mW/cm2The dose of UV-C=65 MJ/cm2UV-C=250-260 nm
The intensity of UV-V=2319 mW/cm2Dose UV-V=2352 MJ/cm2UV-A=395-445 nm
Universal hardness258,31 N/mm2
Hardness Vickers19,60
Module10,02 HPa
Pencil hardness≥5H
Adhesion on the way
transverse notches/rigid tape
test passed
Immersion in boiling
water at 100°C
no delamination after 6 days
Steel spongeminor scratching and grinding
The transmittance0.31%

Examples 11-15

These components were added in Max 100 cup and stirred at high speed for approximately 5 minutes to ensure complete dissolution inhibitor and dispersing funds, after which was added in Max 100 cup gas soot.

0,400
Table 6
ComponentGramsMaspint
isobutylacetate22,96016,400
tripropyleneglycol
diacrylate
11,4108,150
acrylic acid8,3445,960
acrylic derivative
polysiloxane1
0,560
inhibitor20,7000,500
dispersing tool30,6300,450
urethaneacrylate440,09628,640
gas soot56,3004,500
aluminum oxide649,00035,000
only140,000100,000
1. TEGO RADTM2100
2. ADDITIVETM01-468 inhibitor from Rahn
3. SOLSPERSETM32000 dispersing tool from Avecia
4. CNTM985B88 from Sartomer
5. MOGULTME gas carbon black from Cabot
6. RC-LS DBMTMalumina (raw)

The mixture was subjected to stirring at a high speed in Max 60 cup to ensure proper dispersion of the gas soot. After mixing all of the described compositions were placed in 8-Unseelie (237 ml) plastic containers for shredding NALGENETMand added to the vessel the following components. The compositions were crushed in a ball mill for 24 hours.

the examples 11-14 to the above basic composition was added listed in the table components and perform the stirring method, described for examples 1-9, except that after addition of TINUVINTM123 and before adding SILQUESTTMA-1170, and the mixture was stirred on a magnetic stirrer for about 1 hour.

Table 7
Example1111121213131414
Componentgramswt.
percent.
gramswt.
percent.
gramswt.
percent.
gramswt.
percent.
composition,
chopped
on the ball. mill
14,650584,201586,2114,684,2014, 48mm83,2
photoinitiator 170,9 5,17
photoinitiator 280,95,170,95,170,95,17
TINUVINTM123
from Ciba
0,171,0
the adhesion promoter91,58,621,58,621,58,621,58,6
SILQUESTTM
A-Link
0,34952,010,350,352,0
Only17,4100,0017,4100,0017,4100,0017,4100
7. IRGACURETM379 photoinitiator from Ciba Geigy
8. SPEEDCURETM3040 photoinitiator from Aceto/Lanbson
9. SILQUESTTMA-1170 adhesion promoter
10. SILQUESTTMA-Link 35 propyltrimethoxysilane

The coating was applied on the tin side of the glass platen room 15DB and utverjdali UV lamp (D-bulb at a distance of 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), 1 pass at a speed of 10 feet (3 meters) per minute.

Example 15

In example 15 to the basic composition of examples 11-14 were added the following components was mixed, as described below. The first 6 components were placed in a Max 60 cup and stirred at a fast speed for 30 minutes to ensure complete dissolution inhibitor and dispersing funds, and then Max 100 cup was added gas soot. The mixture was stirred at high speed at Max 60 cup to ensure proper dispersion of the gas soot. After mixing, the composition was placed in 8-unsavy (237 ml) NALGENE plastic vialTM. The mixture was ground in a ball mill for 24 hours.

Table 8
ComponentGramsMass%
isobutylacetate13,12016,400
TPGDA tripropyleneglycol6,5208,150
acrylic polysiloxane derived10,3200,400
inhibitor20,4000,500
dispersing tool30,3600,450
urethaneacrylate422,91228,640
gas soot53,6004,500
aluminum oxide628,00035,000
Only80,000100,00

After grinding in a ball mill was added f is coinitiator, silane and acrylic acid in the following quantities and processed as described in examples 1-9.

Table 9
ComponentGramsMaspint
The composition obtained by grinding in a ball mill14,10681,07
photoinitiator70,95,17
the adhesion promoter91,58,62
acrylic acid0,8945,14
Only17,4100,0

The coating was applied on the tin side of the glass platen room 15DB and utverjdali UV lamp (D-bulb at a distance of 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), 1 pass at a speed of 10 feet (3 meters) per minute.

Conducted tests in a quick test on adhesion with use of a knife in the atmospheric chamber, as described in examples 1-9. The results are collected in tables 10 and 11. Conditions 12 are exposed on the adhesive usestatement 90°C in a furnace for 30 days. Conditions 13 mean 30 days in an oven at 38°C and 100% relative humidity.

Table 10
ConditionsExamples1114131516
11100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
12100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
13100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
21100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
2 2100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
23100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
121100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
122100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
123100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
410CF1@0CF, 1@10CF, 90AF90CF,
10AF
1@20CF,80AF;
1@80CF,20AF
0CF
4 2100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
43100CF100CF100CF100CF100CF
1310CF0CF
1320CF0CF0CF100CF0CF
133100CF100CF100CF100CF0CF

Table 11
1000 hours in the atmospheric chamber
ExampleAdhesiveSample 1
lb/kwd
(KPa)
Sample 2
lb/kwd
(KPa)
Sample 3
lb/kwd
(KPa)
AVG.
lb/kwd
(KPa)
Type of gap
111544 (3751)737 (5081)549 (3785)610 (4206)100CF
112700 (4826)861 (5936)642 (4426)734 (3937)100CF
113581 (4006)619 (4268)511 (3523)571 (5061)100CF
141533 (3675)553 (3813)445 (3068)510 (3516)100CF
142611 (4213)563 (3882)498 (3434)557 (3840)100CF
143540 (3723)464 (3199)482 (3323)495 (3413)100CF
131638 (4399)601 (4144)470 (3241)569 (3923)100CF
132551 (3799)566 (3902)536 (3696)551 (3799)100CF
133602 (4151)560 (3861)578 (3985)580 (3999)100CF
121459 (3165)621 (4282)557 (3840)546 (3765)100CF
122632 (4357)688 (4744)594 (4095)638 (4399) 100CF
123529 (3647)627 (4323)453 (3123)536 (3696)100CF
151466 (3213)801 (5523)490 (3378)586 (4040)100CF
152563 (3882)645 (4447)645 (4447)618 (4261)100CF
153531 (3661)631 (4351)356 (2455)506 (3489)100CF

Table 12
2000 hours in the atmospheric chamber
ExampleAdhesiveSample 1
lb/kwd
(KPa)
Sample 2
lb/kwd
(KPa)
Sample 3
lb/kwd
(KPa)
Average
lb/kwd
(KPa)
Type of gap
1430 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0CF side glass
133268 (1848)487 (3358)504 (3475)420 (2896)100CF with e-coating/ 0CF side glass
123533 (3675)600 (4137)513 (3537)549 (3785)100CF
151530 (3675)578 (3985)566 (3902)558 (3847)100CF
152563 (3882)601 (4144)562 (3875)575 (3964)100CF
121 460 (3172)730 (5033)612 (4220)0CF with glass/100CF with e-coating
13236 (248)206 (1420)260 (1793)167 (1151)0CF with glass/100CF with e-coating
113197 (1358)543 (3743)694 (4785)478 (3296)100CF for samples 2 and 3, for OBR
0CF with glass/100CF with e-coating
153139 (958)110 (758)109 (752)119 (820)0CF with glass/100CF with e-coating
162139 (958)114 (786)192 (1324)148 (1020)0CF glass with 30 .PF/100CF with e-coating
161407 (2806)306 (2110) 874 (6026)529 (3647)0CF glass with 30 .PF/100CF with e-coating (OBR and 2); 100CF OBR
131190 (1310)197 (1358)202 (1393)196 (1351)80 .PF, 20AF, or; 20 .Pf, 80AF, OBR; 100AF OBR
122103 (710)78 (538)96 (662)92 (634)100AF
1420 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)100PF obrazec; 100PF, separation in samples 1 and 2
111367 (1841)293 (2020)299 (2062)319 (2199)100AF
141240 (1655)122 (841)120 (827)161 (1110) 100AF
163109 (752)71 (490)97 (669)92 (634)100AF
112253 (1744)257 (1772)239 (1648)250 (1724)100CF samples 1 and 2; sample 3 100AF

For use in examples 16-38 received the following intermediates.

Obtaining dispersion gas soot

Before receiving the gas dispersion carbon black powder gas of carbon black (MOGULTME, Cabot) was dried in an oven for at least 2 days at 200°C to remove all the adsorbed moisture. The gas dispersion carbon black (a total of 44 g) was obtained, firstly, by adding 1,32 g dispersing funds on the basis of Quaternary ammonium salt (VARIQUATTMCC-42NS, chloride of diarylpropionitrile from Degussa) to 20,68 g Monomeric propoxyethanol diacrylate neopentyl glycol (SR 9003, Sartomer) and mixing the components in a FlackTek SpeedMixerTM(model DAC 150 FV-K, FlackTek Inc.), using Max 60 cup for 3 minutes at 2500 rpm After the dissolution of dispersing the funds to the resulting solution was added 22 g of dried powder gas soot and again mixed is within 5 minutes at 2000 rpm/min The concentration of the components were: propoxycarbonyl diacrylate neopentyl glycol SRTM9003, Sartomer (47 percent); dispersing agent based on the Quaternary ammonium salt VARIQUATTMCC-42NS, Degussa (3 percent) and the dried powder gas of carbon black (MOGULTME, Cabot) (50 percent).

After stirring the obtained according to the described method the solution was transferred into a 125 ml vessel Nalgene and added 60 g stabilized with yttrium oxide grinding of zirconium oxide (spherical d=5mm) and crushed on the block vibrating mill (U.S.Stoneware) for at least 3 days at 30 rpm for the destruction of all solid agglomerates and proper dispersion of the pigment in the monomer. After grinding the dispersion quality was checked with the help of Fineness firm Grind Gage to ensure that the level grinding ≥7 on the Hegman scale (i.e., all particles have a size less than 10 microns).

Obtaining a dispersion of aluminum oxide

Before obtaining a dispersion of aluminum oxide powder, aluminum oxide (RC LS DBM, Baikowski-Malakoff) was dried in an oven for at least 2 days at 200°C to remove all the adsorbed moisture. Got a dispersion of aluminum oxide (a total of 64 g), first, adding 0.50 g dispersing funds on the basis of ether phosphoric acid (RHODAFACTMRS-610, Rhodia) of 13.58 g of Monomeric propoxyethanol diacrylate neopentyl glycol (SRsup> TM9003, Sartomer) and then mixing the components in a mixer FlackTek SpeedMixerTM(model DAC 150 FV-K, FlackTek Inc.), using Max 60 cup for 3 minutes at 2500 rpm After complete mixing, dispersing funds to the resulting solution was added 49,92 g of dried powder of aluminum oxide and was again stirred for 5 minutes at 2500 rpm Concentrations of the components were: propoxycarbonyl diacrylate neopentyl glycol (SRTM9003, Sartomer) (21,22 wt. percent); dispersing agent based on the ester of phosphoric acid (RHODAFACTMRS-610, Rhodia) (0,78 wt. percent) and alumina powder (RC LS DBM, Baikowski-Malakoff, dried at 200°C) (78 maspanov).

After stirring the obtained according to the described method the solution was transferred into a 125 ml vessel Nalgene and added 60 g stabilized with yttrium oxide grinding on the basis of zirconium oxide (spherical shape, d=5mm) and crushed on the block vibrating mill (U.S.Stoneware) for at least 3 days at 30 rpm for the destruction of all solid agglomerates and proper dispersion of the filler in the monomer. After grinding the dispersion quality was checked with the help of FINENESS firm GRIND GAGE to ensure that the level grinding ≥7 on the Hegman scale (i.e., all particles have a size less than 10 microns).

Obtaining a dispersion of polyethylene

Dispersion of polyethylene in total, 20 g) received and by adding 10 g of polyethylene powder (S-395N1, Shamrock Technologies) to 10 g of Monomeric isobutylacetate (SRTM506D, Sartomer) and the components are mixed in the mixer FlackTek SpeedMixerTM(model DAC 150 FV-K, FlackTek Inc.), using Max 60 cup for 5 minutes at 3 000 R/min the Concentration of the components in the resulting mass was: isobutylacetate (SRTM506D, Sartomer) (50 mass%) and polyethylene powder (S-395N1TM, Shamrock Technologies) (50 mass%).

The obtaining of the Michael adducts, which are adhesion promoters

The Michael adducts were obtained by addition of 0.03 mol of bis-[3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl]amine DYNASYLANTM1122, Degussa to 0.03 mol Monomeric propoxyethanol diacrylate neopentyl glycol (SRTM9003, Sartomer) in a glass vessel and mixing using a vortex mixer for 1 minute. The resulting solution was heated at 55°C for at least 3 days to complete the reaction and attach aminosilane to the acrylate. The structure of the formed product join Michael was confirmed by C-13 NMR and GC-MS. Adduct 1 was obtained with the use of bis-(3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl) amine and adduct 2 was obtained with the use of bis-(3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl)amine.

Example 16

Obtaining coating compositions UV FRIT

The final composition of the coating composition (50 g) was obtained by simple mixing of intermediates, which are described above, in the mixer FlackTek SpeedMixerTM(the model is a DAC 150 FV-K, FlackTek Inc.), using Max 60 cup for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm/min was Added to the remaining components and re-spent mixing at high speed until the formation of homogeneous composition. Specific components and concentrations listed in table 13.

Table 13
ComponentGramsMaspint
dispersion gas soot4,00008
dispersion of aluminum oxide19,000038
VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE100,50001
phenothiazine inhibitor PTZ0,05000,1
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
adduct 13,75007,5
adduct 23,75007,5
Stirring for minutes at 3000 rpm
wetting agent110,05000,1
silicone antifoaming additive120,15000,3
photoinitiator-based phosphine oxide132,50005
fotoinitsiatora mixture on the basis of benzophenone141,50003
dispersion of polyethylene (50 PRIV IBOA)152,50005
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate162,50005
the aliphatic oligomer urethaneacrylate47,500015
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm - 2 times
and relova acid 2,25004,5
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
Only50,0000100
10. Available from Dow Corning under the designation Z-6300.
11. Wetting agent BYK UV 32510-based polymethylsiloxane available from BYK Chemie.
12. Silicone antifoaming additive FOAMBLASTTM20F from Lubrizol/a Noveon.
13. 2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonamide ESACURETMKTO 46 from Sartomer.
14. Fotoinitsiatora mixture on the basis of benzophenone ESACURE TZT from Sartomer.
15. A 50% dispersion of a powder of polyethylene wax S-395N1TMfrom Shamrock in isobutylacetate.
16. Propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate SR9020TMHP, which can be purchased from Sartomer.

After mixing all components at high speed, the composition was ready for application to the glass substrate.

Coating and UV-curing coating

Substrates made of glass, containing soda lime, obtained by the float process, from Cat-I Manufacturing (4 inches (102 mm)×4 inches (102 mm)×5 mm (thickness) before coating was purified cotton handkerchief soaked in isopropanol, to remove all surface pollution is. After cleaning the glass substrates on their "tin side" ("tin side of the glass substrate is one that glows light blue under the light of fluorescent lamp) was applied coating composition, applying a roller wound with a wire number 10, to obtain the thickness of the dry coating of about 13±2 micron (final thickness of the coating was confirmed by profilometry). After a contact time of 1 minute, the coating was utverjdali UV light in air for a time less than 10 seconds at a single pass at a speed of 10 ft (3,05 m)/min using 600 watt/inch lamp Fusion D bulb (Fusion UV System), when the distance from the lamp to the details 1.5 " (3,81 cm). The specific conditions and the dose measured by the radiometer Power Puck from EIT, Inc., as shown in table 5.

After UV curing, the coating is non-stick and scratch-resistant. However, the mechanical and adhesive properties fully develop over time from 1 to 2 weeks after UV curing due to secondary curing under the action of moisture present in the coating alkoxygroup attached to aminosilanes.

The study of the properties

The liquid coating composition is a valid time working with composition

The time allowed for the work, a composition is defined as the time until the moment when moisture sensitive pokryvaemostju begin to cover film under the action of atmospheric conditions. In this experiment, 0.5 ml of the liquid coating composition was poured in a plastic weighing dish, and periodically test the sample to determine the time during which the coating composition will begin to form a film. As soon as he found that the composition was covered with a film, fixed valid time working with composition and temperature and humidity in the lab room.

The liquid coating composition stability during storage

Stability during storage was measured according to a modified version of ASTM test D4144-94. In this experiment, 10 g of liquid coating composition in a 30 ml glass bottle was placed in an oven with a temperature of 55°C for 10 days. After 10 days of liquid coating composition was examined to detect any signs of gelation, a film on the surface or sediment pigments and fillers. In addition, some coating compositions after the experiment in accelerated aging were used to produce coatings to install, did the aging any impact on the characteristics of UV hardened coating. The liquid composition is considered stable when stored, if after 10 days at 55°C was not observed signs of gelation or dense sediment pigments and fillers. For these coating compositions can be predicted 6-month shelf life at room temperature is f (25°C).

Appearance - opacity

To describe the opacity of coatings on glass was measured by the percentage light transmission coatings by using a turbidity meter (Haze-Gard Plus from Byk-Gardner), according to ASTM D1003 and D1044. All data on opacity received in transmittance when the diameter of the inlet 1 inch (2.54 cm).

The study of hardness with indentation of microindenter

To obtain data on the hardness of the coatings on the glass used is a computer controlled dynamic system indentation of microindenter ultra-low-load FISHERSCOPE® H100C (Fisher Technology) in combination with the control program WIN-HCU® (Fisher Technology). In this study, the Vickers indenter in the shape of a diamond straight pyramid with a square base and opposite sides arranged at an angle of 136°, pressed into surface when the force mn (slew rate effort = 5 mn/20 seconds). Then the maximum load was sustained for 20 seconds (stage deformation at constant load) with a subsequent decrease in the load (speed decreasing effort = 5 mn/20 seconds). The final stage of deformation at constant load within 20 seconds to complete the cycle test. Taking into account the geometry of the indenter and the depth of penetration for the applied force, received data on the universal hardness HU ie.

The adhesion test is a procedure of transverse notches

The adhesion of UV-hardened coatings to glass was measured according to ASTM D3359 (adhesion test method for transverse notches). For this study covered a sample of the cutting plate inflicted cuts, cutting the floor thoroughly, to form a pattern of intersecting incisions (usually 10 cuts 10 cuts, when the distance between the lines 2 mm). Then incised region has applied double-sided tape on a paper basis (3M, No. 410), pressed and then abruptly broke in the direction perpendicular to the surface of the specimen surface. Then visually inspected the floor and the tape to be separated if any part of the coating from the substrate together with ribbon. If separated >5 percent coverage, it is believed that the coating has not passed the adhesion test. Specific classification test results ASTM adhesion are shown in table 14.

Table 14
Classification of adhesion according to ASTM D3359
Rating ASTM D3359The percentage of separated coating
5B0% (perfect adhesion)
4B<5%
3B 5-15%
2B15-35%
1B35-65%
0B>65%

Based on the classification system ASTM, desirable ratings adhesion 4B and 5B.

Adhesion test in boiling water

To assess the adhesion of UV-hardened coatings on glass cover plate was placed in boiling water (after 24 hours of UV curing), using a water bath (Fisher Scientific, Isotemp 210)set at 100°C. Plates coated checked every 24 hours for any signs of adhesion failure (i.e. delamination of the coating, blistering, swelling, cracking and so on). Plates coated without adhesion failure after being submerged for 6 days were removed from the water bath. After drying for 24 hours test conducted coated plates for adhesion by way of transverse notches according to ASTM D3359.

Adhesion to adhesive compositions

To assess the adhesion of adhesives for glass BETASEALTMDow to UV utverzhdennym coatings applied the QKA test. The samples were tested with three different adhesive formulations: BETASEAL adhesive compositionTM15625, BETASEAL adhesive compositionTM15685 and BETASEAL adhesive compositionTM15845. Glue their compositions BETASEAL TMput on cover 7 days after UV curing. After applying the adhesive composition was allowed to harden for 6 days at ~70°F and 40-50% relative humidity (RH) before testing QKA.

Test for resistance to abrasion

All tests on the resistance to abrasion was carried out on the coatings deposited on glass following dimensions: the width and the length of 4 inches (102 mm) and a thickness of 5 mm, with the use of the device Taber Abraser (Model 5150, Taber Industries, Inc.), equipped with abrasive drums of CS-10F with a total loading of abrasive 1000 grams (500 grams on each reel) according to ASTM D1044. In this experiment, abrasive drums rotating on the surface in a circular motion, making a specific number of revolutions (cycles) and leaving ring marks where the coating has been used up (scratched). For the purposes of this study, the coated samples were subjected to the action of abrasive in the device Taber for 500 or 1000 cycles. Percentage change in light transmission was a criterion for evaluating the resistance of coatings to abrasion, and this parameter was determined by measuring the difference in light transmission regions of the coating is not exposed and subjected to abrasion using a turbidity meter according to ASTM D1003. For opaque coatings on the glass change of transmittance in percent after processing device Taber due is less than 1 percent.

Chemical resistance

Chemical resistance was tested for UV-hardened coatings according to ASTM C724, and chemical reagents were placed on the floor plate for 15 minutes and was covered with watch glass to prevent evaporation. After 15 minutes, washed with deionized water and examined the cover. To assess the condition of coatings used scores from 1 (the effect on the coating absent) to 7 (the coating is completely removed from the surface). The coating was considered to have passed the test if the score was less than or equal to 4. Used the following chemicals: kerosene, ethanol, 4% acetic acid in water, 5% sodium hydroxide in water and 5% sodium chloride in water.

Examples 17-20

This example shows that the use of two adhesion promoters on the basis of Michael adducts you get strong, durable adhesion to the glass in the wet state without the use of soil. The compositions were obtained using the following materials were mixed as shown in table 15.

propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate16
Table 15
In Max 60 cup was added the following components:
ComponentGramsMaspint
dispersity soot 5,60008
dispersion of aluminum oxide26,600038
VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE100,70001
phenothiazine inhibitor PTZ0,07000,1
photoinitiator133,50005
photoinitiator142,10003
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
silicone antifoaming additive120,21000,3
wetting agent110,07000,1
the variance of PE wax (50 maspanov)153,50005
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
3,50005
aliphatic urethaneacrylate4of 10.500015
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm - 2 times
Only56,350080,5

Table 15 (continued)
The above composition was divided, were placed in a separate container Max 20 and mixed with additional components listed below:
Example17181920
Componentgramsgramsgramsgrams
The above composition8,058,058,058,05
adduct0,75 0,75--
adduct0,750,75--
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
acrylic acid0,45-0,45-
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
Only10,00of 9.558,508,05

The results are given in table 16

Table 16
Results17181920
the time when 66F/59 .RH 18 minutes>5 hours>5 hours>5 hours
test for retention at 55°Cpassed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
the transmittance (%)0,090,180,040,05
adhesion test with notches (source.)5B1B2B0B
adhesion test with notches (24 hours)5B3B3B0B
adhesion test in boiling waterpass, 6 days 4Bfail, 8 hoursfail, 6 daysfail, <1 hour
universal hardness (source)84,4627,73172,35 109,51
universal hardness (after 7 days)209,999,8194,7116,0

Data presented in table show that coatings containing both promoter of adhesion excellent adhesion both in dry and in wet state. These data show a huge improvement test results on adhesion in boiling water with the application of both adhesion promoters. In addition, coating with both adhesion promoters also exhibit improved hardness after 7 days after UV curing.

Examples 21-26

These examples show that the decrease in the concentration of either acrylic acid or adducts Michael, can significantly extend the time allowed for the work from the composition without significant negative impact on adhesion and other performance characteristics. The compositions and their preparation are described in table 17.

Table 17
In Max 60 cup was added the following components:
ComponentGramsMaspint
dispersion gas soot6,2410dispersion of aluminum oxide29,8620of 37.8
VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE0,79001
phenothiazine inhibitor PTZ0,07900,11
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
photoinitiator133,95005
photoinitiator142,37003
the variance of PE wax153,95005
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
wetting agent110,39500,2
antifoaming additive120,15000,5
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate163,95005
aliphatic urethaneacrylate411,850015
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm - 2 times
Only63,595080,5

Table 17 (continued)
The above composition was divided into several parts, was placed in a separate container Max20 and mixed with the following additional components.
Example212223242526
componentgramsgramsgramsgramsgramsgrams
the composition obtained in the first part of the table 8,058,058,058,058,058,05
adduct0,750,700,650,750,700,65
adduct0,750,700,650,750,700,65
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
acrylic acid0,450,450,450,350,350,35
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
Only10,009,909,809,909,809,70

The test results are collected in table 18

25
min
Table 18
Examples212223242526
Konchalovsky acid4,5
percent.
4,5
percent.
4,5
percent.
3,5
percent.
3,5
percent.
3,5
percent.
total conc. adducts15
percent.
14
percent.
13
percent.
15
percent.
14
percent.
13
percent.
the time when 66F/44 .RH20
min
20
min
30
min
26
min
45
min
test for retention at 55°Cpassed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
the transmittance (%)0,080,150,140,070,060,01
adhesion test with notches (source.)5B5B5B5B5B5B
adhesion test in boiling waterpassed
6 days, 4B
passed
6 days, 4B
passed
6 days, 4B
passed
6 days, 4B
passed
6 days, 4B
passed
6 days, 4B
universal hardness (after 24 h)144,68/td> 164,75144,92127,41123,33105,13

All lists coatings were QKA test with a result of 100 percent CF when using adhesives BETASEALTMand when tested in dry condition.

Examples 27-33

These experiments demonstrate that by increasing the number of hexamethoxy Michael adduct (adduct II) the time allowed for the work from the compositions can be increased without negative influence on the adhesion.

Got the basic compounds described in examples 21-26, and put them in cups Max 20 cup. To the composition was added variable amounts of adduct I and adduct II and tested as described above. Adduct I included only ethoxysilane group, and the adduct II included only ethoxysilane group. Table 19 shows the amount of adduct in the composition. Table 20 shows the results of tests.

grams
Table 19
Example27282930
componentgramsgramsgrams
previously obtained composition8,058,058,058,05
adduct 11,500,750,600,45
adduct 2-0,750,901,05
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
acrylic acid0,450,450,450,45
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
Only10,0010,0010,0010,00

Table 19 (continued)
Example313233
componentgramsgramsgrams
previously obtained composition8,058,058,05
adduct 10,300,15-
adduct 21,201,351,5
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
acrylic acid0,450,450,45
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
Only10,001000 10,00

Example 34

A number of coatings obtained according to table 21, utverjdali UV light and felt the hardness after a certain period of time. The results are shown in table 22.

Table 20
Example27282930313233
the percentage of ethoxy
in the total number of alkoxy
0
percent.
50
percent.
60
percent.
70
percent.
80
percent.
90
percent.
100
percent.
working with composition at 73°F/36 .RH6
minutes
18
minutes
24
minutes
28
minutes
32
minutes
38
minutes
53
minutes
test for retention at 55°Cpassed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
The transmittance (%)0,120,090,110,110,170,050,06
adhesion test with notches (source.)4B4B4B4B4B4B4B
adhesion test in boiling waterpassed
6 Nam,4B
passed
6 Nam,4B
passed
6 Nam,4B
passed
6 Nam,4B
passed
6 Nam,4B
passed
6 Nam,4B
passed
6 Nam,5B
universal hardness (through
24 h)
162,27123,61119,76136,35132,44115,84121,89
Table 21
The following components were placed in a Max 60 cup
ComponentGramsMasspoint
dispersion gas soot3,20008
dispersion of aluminum oxide15,1600of 37.9
VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE100,40001
phenothiazine inhibitor PTZ0,04000,1
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
adduct26,000015
wetting agent170,04000,1
antifoaming additive120,16000,4
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
photoinitiator132,00005
photoinitiator141,20003
the variance of PE wax152,00005
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate162,00005
aliphatic urethaneacrylate46,000015
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm - 2 times
acrylic acid1,80004,5
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
Only40,0000100
17. TegoRadTM2200N wetting agent, which is available from Tego Chemie (Degussa).

Table 22
Time after UV curing (days)Universal hardness (N/mm2)
075,81
1151,31
2188,97
5215,18
7221,91

The hardness increases by almost three times, after the plate with the coating exposed to atmospheric moisture within 7 days after UV curing (typical conditions in the laboratory room during this period was ~65°F and 55% RH).

Example 35

The composition described in table 13, were covered with glass and used as described above. The coating was tested for chemical resistance 14 days after UV curing. The results are shown in table 23. Chrome is also the coatings were tested for resistance to abrasion, and the results are shown in table 24. Also, the coating was subjected to a test for accelerated aging. The results are shown in table 25.

Table 23
ChemicalScore
Kerosenethe test passed, point 1, there is no impact
Ethanolthe test passed, grade 2, very slight change in gloss
4-%. a solution of acetic acid in waterthe test passed, grade 2, very slight change in gloss
5-percent. a solution of sodium chloride in waterthe test passed, point 1, there is no impact
5-percent. the sodium hydroxide solution in waterpassed the test score of 4, a noticeable color change

The data of table 23 shows that only the sodium hydroxide solution had a significant impact on coverage. However, the coatings still have a passing grade in relation to the action of sodium hydroxide solution.

Table 24
Cycles of Taber abrasionThe transmittance (%)The change of transmittance (%)
00,06no
5000,070,01
10000,120,06

Data in table 24 show that the coatings have excellent resistance to abrasion and that even after 1000 cycles Taber change of transmittance in the region subjected to the action of the abrasive was only 0.06 percent (much lower technical specifications test <1 percent). In addition, the coating had excellent resistance to scratches from the iron sponge #000 (observed only minimal scratches when using steel wool for polishing the surface of the coating).

Table 25
Temperature and storage timeValid time (min)Laboratory conditions for working timeAdhesion test with notches Adhesion test with boiling water
0 (tested immediately)18 min64F,
48-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
0 (repeat)19,5 min63F,
63-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
5 h, 25°C23 min64F,
48-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
1 day, 25°C26 min63F,
57-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
1 day, 55°C>60 min63F,
57-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
1 day, 55°C
(repeat)
>60 min63F,
59-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
2 days, 55°C>60 min 63F,
57-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
2 days, 55°C
(repeat)
>60 min63F,
65-percent. RH
4Bthe test passed,
6 days
3 days, 55°C>60 min63F,
56-percent. RH
3B source./
5B through 8 h
the test passed,
6 days
4 days, 55°C>60 min66F,
48-percent. RH
5Bthe test passed,
6 days
10 days, 55°C>60 min65F,
The 53%. RH
4Bthe test passed,
6 days

Data in table 25 show that the old structures still show excellent adhesion in dry and wet condition. In addition, the aging of the liquid coating composition at 55°C significantly improves the rate valid time working with structures, without affecting adhesion. All investigated coatings when tested in the dry state and after immersion in boiling water for 24 hours shall have been tested for adhesion with an adhesive substances BETASEAL TMwith the 100CF.

Examples 36-42: Coverage of different colors

These examples are designed to show the possibility of obtaining coatings of the present invention other colors besides black, by applying the dispersions of various pigments. These colored coating could be applied to automobile and non-automobile applications, such as for application of decorative coatings on glass.

To obtain colored pigments coatings of the present invention has adopted the following dispersion of pigments from Penn Color. Each of the pigments was dispersible in propoxyethanol neopentylglycol. Got the compositions shown in table 26.

Table 26
Name of productPigmentPigment concentration
9 S727 blue varianceblue pigment 15:3 (phtalocyanine blue)30 wt. percent.
9 R232 red variancepigment red 149 perylenebis red12 wt. percent.
9 G607 green variancegreen PI the COP 7 (phtalocyanine green) 30 wt. percent.
9 yellow Y311 varianceyellow pigment 128 (azo yellow)24 wt. percent.
9 W892 white dispersionwhite pigment 6 (titanium dioxide)75 wt. percent.
9 B989 black dispersionblack pigment 7 (gas soot)45 wt. percent.
the gas dispersion carbon black
(50 percent 9003 CC-42NS)
black pigment 7 (gas carbon black MOGULTME)55 wt. percent.

Table 26 (continued)
The following components were placed in a Max 60 cup
ComponentGramsMasspoint
dispersion of aluminum oxide (78%). in 9003 with Rhod RS-610)27,9720of 37.8
desiccant Z-76300 VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE0,74001
phenothiazine inhibitor PTZ 0,07400,1
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
adduct15,55007,5
adduct25,55007,5
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
photoinitiator133,70005
photoinitiator142,22003
the variance of PE wax153,70005
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
wetting agent0,14800,2
silicone antifoaming additive0,37000,5
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
propoxycarbonyl glyceryltrinitrate163,70005
aliphatic urethaneacrylate411,100015
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm - 2 times
Only64,824087,6

Table 26 (continued)
The above mixture was placed in separate containers Max 20 and added the following components:
ComponentGramsMass%
the above composition8,7687,6
dispersion of pigments from table 250,797,9
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
acrylic acid 0,454,5
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
Only10,00100,00

Table 27
Examples36373839404142
Results/colorblueredgreenyellowwhiteblack pennblack dow
working time at 70°F/46 .RH22 min28 min20 min23 min16 min16 min17 min
test storage at 55°Cpassed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
passed
10 days
the transmittance (%)18,332,234,364,233,70,130,12
adhesion test with notches (Ref.)5B5B5B4B5B5B5B
adhesion test in boiling waterpassed
6 days
4B
passed
6 days
4B
passed
6 days
4B
passed
6 days
4B
passed
6 days
4B
passed
6 days
4B
passed
6 days
4B
unitweight (after 24 h)150,67160,37 147,15153,27173,90113,20151,84

The table below shows results show that can be obtained by coating with the use of different colors, without noticeable effect on the shelf life of liquid compositions or adhesion of the hardened coating. In addition, all of these coatings when tested in the dry state were tested for adhesion with an adhesive substances BETASEALTMwith a score of 100 percent CF.

Examples 37-38

Macromolecular adduct with alkoxysilane groups received, as described below. This adduct is called the adduct III.

Macromolecular adduct was obtained by mixing 222 g of aminopropyltrimethoxysilane DYNASILANTMDamo and 269 g (the ratio of equivalents of epoxy and amine groups 14:1) epoxypropyltrimethylammonium SILQUESTTMA-187, followed by stirring at 60°C for 5 hours. The obtained reaction product, referred to as the intermediate A, was investigated to determine the equivalent mass of amino - and epoxypropan. The target equivalent of the amino groups was 240-250. To 50,04 g isobutylacetate added 28,03 g of intermediate A and brought the temperature to 40-45°C. Slowly with stirring was added 21,93 g of intermediate B. the Mixture was stirred for 15 minutes. Intermediate B was obtained by interaction of 91,31 trimethylhexamethylenediamine (TMDI) and 58,41 g mercaptopropionylglycine DYNASILON TM(MTMO), followed by stirring at 50°C. was Added dibutyltindilaurate tin (0,105 g) in toluene (0,705 g). The mixture was heated at 85°C for 60 minutes. The reaction was carried out until the content of isocyanate to 15.6-16 percent.

The resulting adduct was used in the described coating compositions, which were obtained according to table 29.

Coatings were applied to glass with the "tin side" using a roller wound with wire #10, #8 to obtain the thickness of the dry fibrous coating 13 microns. The floor was utverjdali UV light of a xenon lamp at the time withstand 10 seconds for one couple and a speed of 10 feet per minute. The coating was tested after 3 days. Adhesive was applied, as described previously, and tested after aging in various conditions. The results are collected in table 29.

Table 28
Data on adhesion
Examples3738
1. Hardness
0 days600600
4 days14001200
2. Test with transverse notches
0 days3B3B
4 days4B4B
3. Adhesion
A. Room temp.
the adhesive composition 1100CF100CF
the adhesive 2100CF100CF
the adhesive 3100CF100CF
B. 14 days at 38/100
the adhesive composition 1100CF100CF
the adhesive 2100CF100CF
the adhesive 3100CF0CF
C. "Poultice"100CF100CF
1100CF100CF
2100CF100CF
3
Keeping
D. 90°C water bath
1 day
1100CF100CF
2100CF100CF
3100CF 100CF
2 days
1100CF100CF
2100CF100CF
3100CF100CF
3 days
1100CF100CF
2100CF100CF
3100CF100CF
4 days
1100CF95CF, 5PF
2100CF100CF
3100PF95CF, 5PF
5 days
150CF, 50PF30CF,70PF
2100CF50CF,50AF
3100PF
E. 80°C/100-.RH
7 days
1100CF30CF,70PF
2100CF100CF
3100CF100CF

Testing methodology "poultice" was the location of the samples in a hot water bath at 70°C for 7 days. The samples were wrapped in cotton wool and placed in a tightly is ukryty plastic bag. Then the samples were placed in a freezer for 16 hours at -20°C, followed by 2 hours and kept at room temperature. This cycle was repeated several times, after which the sample was removed from the package and tested in the test QKA.

Tested coatings showed universal hardness 181, hardness Vickers 14, the module (6pa) 4,82, the maximum indentation 875 μm and the transmittance 0.22 per cent.

Table 29
Examples3738
gramsgrams
dispersion gas soot2,732,73
dispersion of aluminum oxide13,2013,20
VINYLTRIMETHOXYSILANE100,350,35
phenothiazines PTZ0,040,04
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
adduct I2,630,00
adualt II2,635,00
adduct III2,004,00
Stirring for 5 minutes at 3000 rpm
wetting agent0,1750,175
silicone antifoaming additive0,1750,175
photoinitiator131,751,75
photoinitiator141,051,05
isobutylacetate1,001,00
aliphatic urethaneacrylate47,007,00
acrylic acid1,5751,575
Only36,29
18. Antifoaming additive based silanes FOAMBLASTTM30F from Lubrizol.

1. The composition of the protective coating for window glass, comprising:
a) from about 10 to about 70 parts by weight of one or more film-forming resins containing oligomers or prepolymers having acrylic and/or methacrylic functional fragments;
b) from about 2 to about 30 parts by weight of one or more reactive diluents containing functional acrylate group, which can react with the film-forming resin;
C) from about 1 to about 30 parts by weight of one or more compounds capable of promoting adhesion of the composition to the glass containing the product of the joining Michael, derived from siloxane, optionally including one or more functional fragments with active hydrogen, represents a secondary amine, with a compound having two or more acrylate groups, and the addition products have four or more siloxane groups, at least one acrylate group and a tertiary amine;
d) from about 5 to about 60 parts by weight of one or more fillers capable of imparting compositions abrasion resistance after curing, and fillers dispersed with the aid of the rd dispersant additive; and
e) from about 1 to about 10 parts by weight of one or more carboxylic acids that can interact with film-forming resin.

2. The composition according to claim 1, where the film-forming resin is an oligomer or a prepolymer containing urethaneacrylate, epoxyacrylate, eliminability, acrylate polyesters, polyether acrylates, siliconalley, dendritic acrylates, polybutylmethacrylate, amine acrylates and acrylicresin.

3. The composition according to claim 1, where the film-forming resin is an oligomer or a prepolymer containing urethaneacrylate.

4. The composition according to claim 1, which additionally contains from about 1 to about 15 parts by weight of (f) one or more pigments or dyes.

5. Composition according to any one of claims 1 and 4, in which at least one of the one or more available pigments are able to prevent the passage of ultraviolet light.

6. The composition according to claim 1, where capable of polymerization functional group of the film-forming resin polymerized under the action of radiation, and the composition additionally contains from about 2 to about 20 parts by weight of (g) one or more catalysts or initiators capable of initiating polymerization of the film-forming resin.

7. The composition according to claim 1, where the amine containing alkoxysilane group contains bis-3-(trimet Sicily)Propylamine or bis-3-(triethoxysilyl)Propylamine.

8. The composition according to claim 1, where the reagent containing acrylate, includes obtained from alkoxysilanes polyol di - or polyacrylate selected from the group consisting of propoxyethanol of neopentylglycol and propoxyethanol of glyceryltrinitrate, or diacrylate selected from the group consisting of hexaniacinate, tripropyleneglycol, dipropylthiocarbamate, cyclohexanecarboxylate, alkoxysilanes of cyclohexanedicarboxylate and noninvolvement.

9. The composition according to claim 1, where the product of accession contains 6 or more siocsiwap.

10. The product containing glass or plastic, coated on its surface abrasion resistant coating on surfaces which have utverjdenie coating obtained from the composition according to any one of claims 1 to 9, plotted on the part of one or more surfaces of glass or plastic with a coating, where the coating shows a transmittance of about 1% or less, and the universal hardness of about 100 N/mm2or more.

11. Coverage includes utverzhdennuyu composition according to any one of claims 1 to 9.

12. The design of the Windows, including the window frame and the window, which consists of either a glass or plastic with an abrasion resistant coating on the surface of which has utverjdenie coating according to any one of claims 1 to 9, printed on p is the surface of glass or plastic coated.

13. Method of coating glass comprising a coating according to any one of claims 1 to 9 along the perimeter of the (a) window of glass or plastic with an abrasion resistant coating (b), the impact on the covered box, the conditions under which the curing of the coating.

14. The method of fastening the box to the design, which includes applying an adhesive composition, which has an isocyanate, siloxy or as isocyanate and siocsiwap on the surface of the cured coating according to any one of claims 1 to 9, applied around the perimeter of the window; the bringing into contact of the window and the window frame structure, and an adhesive is located between the window and the window frame, and providing an adhesive substance possibilities to harden.

15. A kit including a composition according to any one of claims 1 to 9 and an adhesive substance containing functional fragments isocyanate, siloxane or a mixture.

16. The product containing a transparent plastic substrate that has utverjdenie coating according to any one of claims 1 to 9.



 

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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to impregnation and hermetisation of porous products with thermally hardened compositions based on (meth)acrylic monomers. Claimed is thermally hardened composition for impregnation and hermetisation of porous products, containing (in mass fraction): 100 (meth)acrylic monomer, 0.1-0.5 nitronitrile, 0.01-0.04 hydrohynone, 0.004-0.03 disodium salt of ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid, 0.001-0.03 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-oxopiperidin-1-oxyl and 0.5-5.0 non-ionogenic emulsifying agent. Method of impregnation and hermetisation of porous products includes their vacuum processing with further impregnation under vacuum and atmospheric pressure with abovementioned composition and hardening at temperature ≥90°C. Thermally-hardened composition has higher serviceability and allows to increase productivity of impregnation and hermetisation method essentially.

EFFECT: increasing productivity of method of impregnation and hermetisation of porous products by means of thermally-hardened compositions.

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FIELD: organic chemistry, chemical technology.

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FIELD: rocketry; production of the potting composition for armoring the charge made out of the ballistite propellant.

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EFFECT: the invention ensures manufacture of the qualitative products with the required level of the physical-mechanical and adhesive properties, as well as to reduce smokiness of the gases, and significantly to reduce temperature of the waste gases.

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Composition makeup // 2277552

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymer composition based on binder, namely unsaturated polyether resin or oligoether acrylates, and may be used in medicine, in production of paint and lacquer materials, etc. Composition comprises, wt parts: unsaturated polyether resin or oligoether acrylates or mixtures thereof, 100; polymerization promoter, in particular complex compound prepared by reaction of vanadium derivatives (vanadium pentoxide, ammonium methavanadate, of methavanadic acid) with orthophosphoric acid/water/butanol mixture, 0.3-0.88; polymerization initiator: cumene hydroperoxide, 0.3-0.44; and modifying additives, 0-20.

EFFECT: optimized makeup involving inexpensive, easily available, and highly efficient promoter.

1 tbl, 6 ex

The invention relates to a method for producing polymer coatings with high protective physico-chemical properties, low toxicity, suitable for implantation in tissue of living organisms

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing polyvinyl chloride through dispersion, particularly to production of highly filled adhesive plastisols used in making protective coatings in motor-car construction, as anticorrosion protection of inner surfaces of metal structures. The method of producing highly filled plastisol based on polyvinyl chloride involves successive addition and mixture in a mixer of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, triethylene glycol dimethacrylate, isopropylbenzene hydroperoxide, half of the given amount of kaolin, calcium strearate, polyvinyl chloride and the remaining amount of kaolin. Hexafunctional oligourethane acrylate, diatomite and NGZ-4 phosphate hydraulic fluid are added before adding polyvinyl chloride, and after adding the remaining amount of kaolin, a polysulphide oligomer - liquid thiocol II with weight ratio of SH groups of 1.7-2.6% and molecular weight of 2100 is added.

EFFECT: high degree of restoration of the thixotropic structure, extrusion, fire resistance and tensile strength of the polyvinyl chloride plastisol and the hardened material.

1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing polyvinyl chloride through dispersion, particularly to production of highly filled adhesive plastisols used in making protective coatings in motor-car construction, as anticorrosion protection of inner surfaces of metal structures. The method of producing highly filled plastisol based on polyvinyl chloride involves successive addition and mixture in a mixer of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, isopropylbenzene hydroperoxide, half of the given amount of kaolin, calcium strearate, polyvinyl chloride and the remaining amount of kaolin. Hexafunctional oligourethane acrylate, diatomite and NGZ-4 phosphate hydraulic fluid are added before adding polyvinyl chloride, and after adding the remaining amount of kaolin, a polysulphide oligomer - liquid thiocol II with weight ratio of SH groups of 1.7-2.6% and molecular weight of 2100 is added.

EFFECT: high degree of restoration of the thixotropic structure, extrusion, fire resistance and tensile strength of the polyvinyl chloride plastisol and the hardened material.

1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns method of obtaining polyurethanedi(met)acrylates applicable as binders for powder coatings applied on metal substrates, plastic parts, fiber-reinforced plastic parts. Polyurethanedi(met)acrylates are obtained by interaction of diisocyanate component, diol component and hydroxy-C2-C4-alkyl(met)acrylate at mol ratio of x:(x-1):2, where x takes any value from 2 to 5. 1,6-hexanediisocyanate comprises 50 to 80 mol % of diisocyanate component, and one or two diisocyanates selected out of defined diisocyanate group where mol content of respective diisocyanates amount to 100 mol % comprise(s) 20 to 50 mol %, so that each diisocyanate comprises at least 10 mol % of diisocyanate component. Diol component includes not more than four different diols, and at least one linear aliphatic alpha, omega-C2-C12-diol comprises 20 to 100 mol % of diol component, while at least one (cyclo)aliphatic diol different from linear aliphatic alpha, omega-C2-C12-diols comprises 0 to 80 mol %. Each diol of the diol component comprises at least 10 mol % of diol component, and mol content or respective diols amounts to 100 mol %. Due to the absence of solvent in polyurethanedi(met)acrylate production, further cleaning of end product is not required, thus increasing process product output.

EFFECT: higher acid resistance of coating films applied and solidified with the use of powder coatings containing claimed polyurethanedi(met)acrylates.

6 cl, 15 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: powdered coating agent contains solid particles of a resin-polyurathane binding substance with equivalent mass of olefinic double bonds ranging from 200 to 2000 and content of silicon bonded in alkoxy silane groups ranging from 1 to 10 mass % and a photoinitiator. In the method of obtaining a single layered or multilayered coating on substrates, in particular when obtaining multilayered coating for transportation equipment and their components (car body or car body components coating), at least one layer of this coating is deposited from a powdered coating agent. In that case, solidification of at least one layer of the above mentioned powdered coating is achieved through free-radical polymerisation of olefinic double bonds when irradiated with high energy radiation and through formation of siloxane atomic bridges under the effect of moisture.

EFFECT: obtaining a powdered coating, which is hard, has scratch resistance and good resistance to chemical effects.

8 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: aqueous composition for coatings has a rapid curing mechanism and allows cross-linking of poorly illuminated areas, the composition comprising (I) at least one polyisocyanate (A), (II) at least one polyurethane (B) containing from 0 to 0.53 mmole/g of active, according to Tserevitinov, hydrogen atoms and being a product of reaction of: (a) one or several polyisocyanates, (b1) one or more compounds with hydrophilising action having ion groups and/or groups transferable to ion groups, and/or non-ionic groups, (b2) one or more compounds capable of radical polymerisation and including unsaturated acrylate or methacrylate groups, (b3) if necessary, one or more polyols with an average molecular weight of 50-500 and a hydroxyl functionality more than or equal to 2 and less than or equal to 3, (b4) if necessary, one or more polyols with an average molecular weight of 500 to 13,000 g/mole and an average hydroxyl functionality of 1.5 to 2.5, and (b5) if necessary, one or more di- or polyamines, and (III) an initiator (C).

EFFECT: capable to cross-link poorly illuminated areas and to cause radical polymerisation.

8 cl, 15 ex, 8 tbl

FIELD: powder covers.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a powder cover composition and to a method for its preparing that forms cover with reduced luster after hardening. Composition comprises one or some cross-linked basic polymers: cross-linked polyester, cross-linked polyurethane, cross-linked acrylated polyether and their combinations, about from 5 to 60 wt.-%; cross-linked acrylic polymer with solidification point about from 40°C to 100°C, and about 0.1 to 10 wt.-% of one or some free-radical initiating agents. Additional reducing luster and improved smoothness can be obtained by addition spheroidal particles to the powder cover composition. Proposed compositions can be used for making covers on metallic backings, such as vehicle bodies and on nonmetallic backings, such as backings made of pressed wood materials with impregnation used for making table tops of different species.

EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of covers.

21 cl, 4 tbl

FIELD: polymers, covering compositions.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to photoactivating aqueous-base covering composition. The proposed composition comprises the following components: a)(meth)acryloyl-functional polyurethane dispersion wherein this (meth)acryloyl-functional polyurethane comprises from 5 to 18 weight % of alkylene-oxide groups and (meth)acryloyl functionality represents a value in the range from 2 to 40, and b) UV-initiating agent. The presence of reactive diluting agent in the covering composition is preferable. (Meth)acryloyl-functional polyurethane can be prepared by carrying out the following interactions: a) at least one organic polyisocyanate; b) optionally, at least one organic compound comprising at least two isocyanate-reactive groups and having an average molecular mass in the range from 400 to 6000 Da; c) at least one isocyanate-reactive and/or isocyanate-functional compound comprising non-ionogenic dispersing groups; d) at least one isocyanate-reactive (meth)acryloyl-functional compound; e) optionally, at least one chain elongating agent comprising active hydrogen, and f) optionally, at least one compound comprising active hydrogen and ionic groups. Aqueous-base covering composition is useful especially for applying as a clear cover. Covers based on the proposed composition show resistance to water, solvents and scratches and flexibility and high adhesion also.

EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of composition.

15 cl, 12 tbl, 17 ex

The invention relates to compositions based on emulsified resins, curable by ultraviolet radiation, which includes: unmodified oligomers as the basis of composition, which determines the final properties of the cured product; curing agents consisting of polyfunctional monomers; photoinitiator initiating polymerization; additives to make the product special properties

The invention relates to the field of coatings, curing under the action of radiation of low energy in the wavelength range of 400-700 nm and used in such fields as dentistry, electronics, printing

Coating composition // 2412971

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to liquid rubber based compositions for coating playgrounds, floors, roofs and applying insulation coatings in construction. The coating composition contains an isocyanate prepolymer obtained from reacting 4,4'-diphenylmethanediisocyanate and oligodienediol with molecular weight 2800-3200, content of hydroxyl groups of 0.88-1.3% with ratio of isocyanate to hydroxyl groups equal to 4:1, with content of isocyanate groups in the prepolymer of 8.0-9.7%, a base - rubber composition from low-molecular weight hydroxyl-containing rubber, plasticiser, filler, anti-ageing agent and a pigment, a urethane formation catalyst and a mixture of 2,4- and 2,6-isomers of 3,5-dimethylthiotoluylene diamine in ratio of 80:20.

EFFECT: composition increases strength, hardness and relative elongation of the coating.

2 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains the following components, wt parts: 100 - rubber base, 26-44 - isocyanate hardener, 0.01-0.1 - catalyst of urethane formation and 1-2 - 3,3'-dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane. Rubber base consists of the following components, wt parts: 100 - low-molecular hydroxyl-containing rubber, 60-190 - plasticiser, 100-480 - filler, 1-2 - anti-ageing agent and 1-10 - pigment. Isocyanate hardener represents prepolymer with content of isocyanate groups of 4.0-5.0%. Prepolymer is produced by interaction of 4,4'-diphenylmethanediisocyanate and oligodiendiol with molecular weight of 2000-2200, with 1.2-1.9% content of hydroxyl groups, at the ratio of 2:1 of isocyanate and hydroxyl groups.

EFFECT: increased strength, elasticity and hardness.

6 cl, 2 tbl

Polymer composition // 2397193

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymer compositions for elastomeric waterproofing, roof coating, floor and sports field coatings. The said composition contains 100 pts. wt isocyanate prepolymer, 3-30 pts. wt ethoxylated glycerin or glycerin, or trimethylol propane as a hardener and 0.005-0.01 pts. wt tin dibutyl dilurate. The isocyanate prepolymer used is obtained by reacting four moles of 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and one mole of oligobutadiene diol with molecular weight of 2800-3200, containing 0.9-1.3% hydroxyl groups, while the prepolymer contains 8.0-9.7% isocyanate groups.

EFFECT: polymer composition provides improved strength properties of elastomers and coatings obtained from it, specifically higher strength, longevity, hardness and relative elongation of the coating.

1 tbl

Polymer composition // 2397192

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a polymer composition for elastomeric waterproofing, roof coating, floor and sports field coatings. The composition contains 100 pts. wt isocyanate prepolymer and 11-31 pts. wt hardener. The isocyanate prepolymer used is obtained by reacting four moles of 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and one mole of oligobutadiene diol with molecular weight of 2800-3200, containing 0.9-1.3% hydroxyl groups, while the prepolymer contains 8.0-9.7% isocyanate groups. The hardener used is 3,3'-dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane or a mixture of 2,4 and 2,6 isomers of 3,5-dimethylthiotoluylenediamine in ratio of 80:20.

EFFECT: polymer composition provides improved strength properties of elastomers and coatings obtained from it, specifically higher strength, hardness, relative elongation and adhesion properties of the coating.

1 tbl

Polymer composition // 2393190

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a polymer composition for elastomer roof coatings, floor and sports field coatings. The composition contains the following in pts. wt: 100 - isocyanate prepolymer, 1.8-1.5 - ethoxylated glycerin or glycerin or trimethylolpropane and 0.01-0.05 - tin dibutyldilaurate. The isocyanate prepolymer used contains 4.0-5.0% isocyanate groups and is obtained by reacting two moles of 4,4'-diphenylmethanediisocyanate and one mole of oligobutadienediol with molecular weight of 1800-2200 and 1.2-1.9% content of hydroxyl groups.

EFFECT: coatings based on the disclosed composition have high strength, hardness and elasticity.

1 tbl

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed flow metre comprises magnetic-inductive or acoustic transducer with metal measuring pipe fitted into pipeline. Aforesaid pipe inside is lined with organic-plastic (elastomer) comprising polyurethane produced from multi-component system consisting of prepolymer, bivalent alcohol and catalyst containing metal organic (primarily, organotin) compounds. Polyurethane lining comprises organically bound tin.

EFFECT: possibility to make measurements of drinking water.

23 cl, 2 dwg

Rubber covering // 2285026

FIELD: rubber industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rubber coverings used for sports grounds and insulation coatings in construction. Composition contains, as base material, 100 wt parts hydroxyl-containing polybutadiene rubber composed of (microstructure): 10-18% cis-1,4, 18-28% trans-1,4, 58-70% 1,2-units with molecular mass 2100 content of hydroxyl groups 0.88-1.36%, or molecular mass 5000-5300 and content of hydroxyl groups 0.6-0.8%; 10-36 wt parts polyisocyanate; and 0.001-3.0 wt parts urethane-formation catalyst. Composition may further contain moisture-absorption component, filler, plasticizer, low-molecular weight alcohol or aminophenol component, alkylphenol antiaging agent, pigment, and rheological property modifier.

EFFECT: improved wear resistance and mechanical properties of coverings.

8 cl, 2 tbl

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