Device to cultivate plants in office

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to decorative gardening. Device comprises vertical tight cultivation tower, closed on top and bottom with funnel-shaped nozzles, one of which, upper one, is only opened at wide end, and the other one is flow-through. Nutrient solution is supplied to roots of plants along coaxially arranged feed tube. Solution is supplied into upper dead nozzle to passive sprinkler. Solution flows down through cone screen filter and is distributed near inner wall of tower in zone of arrangement of root systems of plants. Plants are fixed on location beds around tower, and root systems of plants are located inside tower. Device is arranged as tight and does not affect air humidity in office. Nutrient solution is disinfected by bactericide lamp located in reservoir with nutrient solution.

EFFECT: invention provides for creation of closed automatic system of plants cultivation with continuous sterilisation of inner space of reservoir with nutrient solution.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular for decorative gardening, and can be used for the cultivation of plants (e.g., colors) in a limited area, for example, in the office, on the balcony of an apartment, etc.

The prior art devices for the cultivation of plants in a limited space. In the patent of the Russian Federation 2163755, CL AS 31/02, "Device for growing plants without land on a vertical surface", the proposed design for growing plants on a vertical surface. The device comprises a system for supplying plants with water and nutrients, the means for irrigation, modular components, providing installation, care of crops and upgrading plants. Feature of the device is the fact that the system is to supply plants with water and nutrients made in the form of a vertically installed wall with vertical and rigidly interconnected hollow tubes, hollow tubes made holes for mounting of modular elements and the flow of water and nutrients to plants. In addition, the means for irrigation contains the capacity to store water and nutrients in the upper part of which is placed the lower part of the system to supply plants with water and nutrients, n is SOS, posted in capacity to store water and nutrients, electrically connected with the control unit and connected via a hose to a distribution tube located on the upper part of the system. The device also contains a frame of rectangular shape, and each modular element includes a housing with inlet and outlet tubes and placed in it rot porous substrate.

The disadvantage of the prototype is the impact of the device on the humidity in the room (in particular, the wetlands surrounding the installation of air), which may be dangerous in the office with lots of electrical appliances and electronic equipment. In addition, the apparent simplicity of design leads to relatively high costs of manual labor and the possibility of spillage of the nutrient solution, spraying accidental bending connecting tubes. In addition, the inner space of the installation (container with nutrient solution) is not sealed and is not protected from bacterial and fungal infection that leads to the necessity of frequent changes of nutrient solutions and periodic cleansing of the inner surface of the vessel through a short time of operation.

The task of the invention is to remedy these shortcomings and create a closed-loop automated system cultiv the tion of plants with constant sterilization of the interior space of the reservoir with nutrient solution.

The tasks are solved in the following way

The installation is made in the form of a vertical column (or pipe) of any cross-section, which is a support structure for a variety of cradles, which are cultivated plants. Cradles are fixed with hooks on the rods and hoops, one of which (the bottom) is a reference, and the second (upper) is made with possibility of installation of the rod with hooks. Almost all of the hoops above the bottom, scaffolding of lodgement and the fixation rod with hooks at the same time.

Plants its roots are in the internal volume of the column through the hole in it at the base of the lodgement. Sealing the opening and preventing the ingress of light into the column is achieved by wrapping the basal part of the stem of a porous material (e.g. foam rubber), painted in black color.

Cultivation tube (column) ends at the top and bottom of the funnel-shaped nozzles. One of the nozzles (upper) is made hollow (open only wide end), but collapsible, allowing its installation in a narrow part of the oval and passive (reflective) spray, and in the wide part - conical strainer distributor for the organization of the flow of the nutrient solution on the periphery of the cone, i.e. almost to the walls of the cultivation t the UBA, in the area of root systems of plants. Mesh cone filter is made with a Central hole for the passage of nutrient pipes made coaxial. A feeding tube is made with the possibility of relying on the projections of the two nozzles (upper and lower) to relieve tension on the mesh cone filter.

Another attachment (bottom) is also made with mesh cone filter and nutritional supports for pipes, but open on both ends. The narrow end of the funnel-shaped bottom nozzle is hermetically inserted into the container with nutrient solution and serves to drain the nutrient solution in the container.

A feeding tube in the lower part is connected to the inlet hose of the engine, is made with the ability to suck the nutrient solution through another hose with ball filter.

The capacity for nutrient solution made with the possibility of sealing a germicidal lamp or quartz burner in the inner space of the vessel.

Cultivation column is fixed in a vertical position with the help of stretch marks, tightening capacity and mounting the sleeve on the column in a sturdy design. In addition, for additional fixing of the column (for example, decorative garlands or ropes) made the retaining ring on the top cap.

In short variant of the invention can be characterized after the ith follows:

Installation for hydroponic cultivation of plants containing a vertical design for placement of plants, mud tank, the motor with the pump for supplying the solution to the roots of plants, characterized in that the cultivation column is made tight with upper and lower sealed nozzle and coaxially located a supply pipe, and nutrient solution in the upper nozzle is sprayed passive reflector and distributed on the mesh cone filter, providing a refluxing solution on the inner wall of the column or near the wall in the area of root systems of the plants while the plants are located on the lodgments in physiological terms, stabilizing them throughout development, and nutrient the solution is sterilized germicidal lamp inside the reservoir with nutrient solution.

The device shown in the drawing, which shows the principal components and parts of the invention.

Device (drawing) consists of the cultivation of the column (pipe) 1, ending with the top and bottom tapering nozzles 2. The top nozzle is made with a reflective spray 3 and mesh cone 4 with a Central hole for passage coaxially located tube 5. The top nozzle is made also with the mounting ring 6 for stable fixation device, for example, ecorative garlands or (industrial version) cables.

The bottom cap has a mesh cone 7 with a Central hole for tube feeding nutrient solution on the top slice cultivation pipe and connected to the hose 8. The motor 9 is also executed with the second (suction) hose and ball filter 10 at the end.

Both hose and ball filter placed inside the tank 11 to the nutrient solution. The tank is made with the possibility of hermetic fixing germicidal lamp 12 (or quartz burner) for sterilization of the nutrient solution.

For physiological fixation of 13 plants in cultivation pipe made cradles 14, which are based on the lower Hoop 15 and fixed hooks 16 for the upper ring 17, which is for upper cradle support bottom Hoop.

Cultivation column is made fixed in vertical positions by braces 18, the binding capacity for nutrient solution with a support washer 19.

The device operates as follows

Collected and tested for stable channels prepared nutrient solution installation (drawing) is filled (loaded) 13 plants with proper tightness. The plant is fixed on the cradle 14 and include in the operating mode germicidal lamp 12 and the motor 9. The motor 9 (pump motor) sucks the nutrient solution from the tank 11 Cherepanovo filter 10 and delivers the solution through a pressure hose 8 in nutritional pipe 5. The solution from the feed pipe enters the oval passive spray 3 and is distributed over the mesh cone filter 4 for flow near the inner wall of the column 1. Flowing nutrient solution irrigates the root system of plants 13 and through the strainer 7 enters the tank 11. Flowing into the container 11 solution disinfected germicidal lamp 12.

Sources of information

1. RF patent 2163755, CL AS 31/02, "Device for growing plants without land on a vertical surface".

Installation for hydroponic cultivation of plants containing a vertical design for placement of plants, mud tank, the motor with the pump for supplying the solution to the roots of plants, characterized in that the cultivation column is made tight with upper and lower sealed nozzle and coaxially located a supply pipe, and nutrient solution in the upper nozzle is sprayed passive reflector and distributed on the mesh cone filter, providing a refluxing solution on the inner wall of the column or near the wall in the area of root systems of the plants while the plants are located on the lodgments in physiological terms, stabilizing them throughout development, and nutrient the solution is sterilized germicidal lamp inside the tank with pitate inim solution.



 

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