Cleaning composition containing organic catalyst with improved enzyme compatibility

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: cleaning compositions contain organic catalysts having improved enzyme compatibility and having the following formulae: where each R1 independently denotes a branched alkyl group selected from a group comprising 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylnonyl, 2-hexyldecyl, isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentadecyl, or a linear alkyl group containing 11-18 carbon atoms. The composition also contains one or more auxiliary ingredients.

EFFECT: cleaning compositions with efficient bleaching at low water temperature.

15 cl, 16 ex

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to cleaning compositions containing organic catalysts, and to methods of producing and using such cleaning products.

The level of technology

Oxygen bleaches such as hydrogen peroxide, commonly used to facilitate the removal of stains and dirt from clothes and various surfaces. Unfortunately, these brighteners have extreme dependence on temperature. As a result, when the application of such brighteners in more than a cold solution of the bleaching effect of such solutions is significantly reduced.

In an effort to solve the aforementioned problem of efficiency, the industry developed a class of materials known as "bleach activators". However, since such materials would quickly lose their effectiveness in solution at temperatures less than 40°C, developed new organic catalysts, such as the internal salt of 3,4-dihydro-2-[2-(sulfoxy)decyl]skinline. In General, although such catalysts current level of technology is effective in conditions of low temperature water, they can inactivate certain enzymes. Since most of the compositions for washing and cleaning compositions are produced with enzymes, making cleaning products such catalysts which may be problematic.

Thus, there is a need for inexpensive cleaning compositions containing an organic catalyst that can provide the combined effect of the universality of the composition, the efficiency of bleaching at low water temperatures and compatibility with enzymes.

The invention

The present invention relates to cleaning compositions containing organic catalysts having improved compatibility with enzymes, and to methods for their preparation and use.

Detailed description of the invention

Definition

As used in this application, the term "cleaning composition" includes, unless otherwise indicated: granular or powder form generic or "heavy duty" detergents, especially detergents for Laundry use; liquid, gel or paste-form of the universal or "heavy duty" detergents, especially the so-called heavy-duty liquid types; liquid detergents for fine fabrics; compositions for hand dishwashing and light compositions for washing dishes, especially compounds with a rich foaming; compositions for machine dishwashing, including the various tablet, granular, liquid species and with the addition of rinse for domestic and industrial use; liquid cleaning and disinfecting compositions, on the tea antibacterial face wash, detergent bars, liquid for rinsing the mouth, cleanser for the teeth, shampoos for vehicles and carpet cleaning products for baths; shampoos and conditioners for the hair; shower gels and foam baths and metal cleaners surfaces; and an auxiliary cleaning agents such as bleach additives and cleaners such as alcohol or substance for pre-processing.

As used in this application, the phrase "independently selected from the group consisting of ..." means that the parts or elements that are selected from a specified Markush formula, may be the same or different represent any mixture of elements.

To determine the appropriate values of the parameters of the inventions of the applicant must use the test methods disclosed in the section "testing" of this application.

Unless otherwise stated, all of the components or contents of the compositions are given in the calculation of active content data components or compositions and do not include impurities such as residual amounts of solvents or by-products that may be present in commercially available products.

All percentages and ratios are by weight, unless otherwise indicated. All percentages and ratios are calculated on the entire composition, unless otherwise indicated.

p> It should be understood that every maximum numerical limitation given in this description, includes any smaller the numerical value, as if such lower values would be specified. Each minimum numerical limitation given in the framework of the present description, will include any more numerical limitation, as if such greater restrictions would be specified. Any numerical range described in the present description, will include any narrower range, enter into it, as if such narrower ranges were specified.

All cited documents, in relevant part, incorporated into the present application by reference; the citation of any source cannot be considered as recognition of his belonging to the prior art relative to the present invention.

Cleaning compositions containing an organic catalyst

The applicant has found that thoughtful selection of fragment R1organic catalyst of the present invention results in improved compatibility with enzymes. Not communicating with theory, the applicant believes that this is due to the favorable decomposition catalyst in aqueous media as a result of the foregoing deliberate choice of fragment R1 .

One object of the invention applicant cleaning compositions contain organic catalyst having the value of compatibility with enzymes 70 or more, or even 80 or more.

One object of the invention applicant cleaning compositions contain organic catalyst having the value of compatibility with the enzyme 70 or more, and one or more ancillary compounds.

One object of the invention applicant cleaning compositions contain organic catalyst having the value of compatibility with the enzyme 80 or more, and the composition contains the following additional ingredients: activated source barkisland, enzyme and surfactant.

One object of the invention applicant cleaning compositions contain organic catalyst represented by formula 1 or formula 2, or a mixture thereof.

where: R1represents a branched alkyl fragment, containing from 9 to 24 carbons or linear alkyl fragment, containing from 11 to 24 carbon atoms; a branched alkyl fragment, containing from 9 to 18 carbon atoms, or a linear alkyl fragment, containing from 11 to 18 carbon atoms, is selected from the group consisting of 2-propylheptyl, 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, n-dodec the La, n-tetradecyl, n-hexadecyl, n-octadecyl, isononyl, Isodecyl and isopentenyl; or is selected from the group consisting of 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl.

Part of the above detergent compositions, any object, is brought to balance (to 100%) using one or more auxiliary materials.

Methods of obtaining suitable organic catalysts

Suitable organic catalysts can be obtained using different reaction reactors and processes, including periodic, paliperidone and continuous process.

One of the objects of applicant's invention is a method of obtaining the above-mentioned catalyst includes the step of interaction of a complex of sulfur trioxide and 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline with the epoxide with the formation of the specified organic catalyst.

Another object of applicant's invention is a method of obtaining the above-mentioned catalyst includes the steps of interaction of 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline with a material selected from the group consisting of sulfur trioxide, the material source of sulfur trioxide and mixtures thereof, with the formation of a complex of sulfur trioxide with 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline, and interaction of such a complex of sulfur trioxide with 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline with the epoxide with obtaining the specified organic rolled the congestion.

Another object of applicant's invention is a method of obtaining the above-mentioned catalyst includes the step of interaction of 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline with a complex of sulfur trioxide with the epoxide, with the formation of the specified organic catalyst.

Another object of applicant's invention is a method of obtaining the above-mentioned catalyst includes the steps of interaction of the epoxide with a material selected from the group consisting of sulfur trioxide, the material source of sulfur trioxide and mixtures thereof, with the formation of a complex of sulfur trioxide with the epoxide, and the interaction of such a complex of sulfur trioxide and epoxide with 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline with obtaining the specified organic catalyst.

A variant of the above catalyst containing oxazolidinone ring, can be obtained by the interaction of the options specified catalyst containing kinowy cycle, with the carrier of oxygen, for example with peroxycarbonates or proximodorsal acid, such as Oxone®. Such substances can be obtained in situ and used without purification.

Although specialist, reading the present description, can easily determine the desired reaction conditions and concentrations of reagents, the typical reaction conditions, the above objects of applicant's invention include a reaction temperature from about 0°to about 10°C, or from about 0°to about 125°C., the reaction pressure from about 0.1 to about 100 atmospheres (ATM), from about 0.3 to about 10 ATM, or from about 1 ATM to about 10 ATM; the duration of the reaction is from 0.1 hours to about 96 hours, from about 1 hour to about 72 hours, or from about 1 hour to about 24 hours. The interaction can also be carried out in an inert atmosphere or, alternatively, in anhydrous conditions, which includes, in the application of the solvent, the use of anhydrous solvents.

The materials used in the process of the applicant, include 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline, Apatity and their mixtures, sulfur trioxide, sulfur trioxide and mixtures thereof, and solvents.

When using 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline the original reaction mixture typically contains from about 0.5 wt.% to about 70 wt.%, from about 5 wt.% to about 70 wt.% or from about 10 wt.% to about 50 wt.% such material. 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline can be prepared according to the Protocol disclosed in Example 1.

When using epoxides original reaction mixture typically contains from about 0.5 wt.% to about 70 wt.%, from about 5 to about 70 wt.% or from about 10 wt.% to about 50 wt.% such material. Suitable epoxides include, but are not limited to - such as glycidyloxy ether 2-propyl who Atila, glycidyloxy ether 2-butyloctyl, glycidyloxy ether 2-pentylene, glycidyloxy ether 2-hexyldecyl, glycidyloxy ether n-dodecyl, glycidyloxy ether n-tetradecyl, glycidyloxy ether n-hexadecyl, glycidyloxy ether n-octadecyl, glycidyloxy ether isononyl, glycidyloxy ether Isodecyl, glycidyloxy ether isotridecyl and mixtures thereof. Such materials may contain oligomeric forms pilgramage ether, which, optionally, may be removed before use. Glycidyloxy ether 2-propylheptyl can be obtained as described in Example 2 of the present description. All other above glycidyloxy esters can be obtained in accordance with the following General Protocol of Example 2 by substituting the appropriate alcohol instead of 2-propylheptanol. Suitable alcohols include 2-propylheptanol, 2-butylcatechol, 2-butyloctyl, 2-internanonal, 2-hexyldecanol, n-dodecanol, n-tetradecanol, n-hexadecanol, n-octadecanol, isononanol, isodecanol and isotridecanol.

When using sulfur trioxide or its source, and their mixtures, the initial reaction mixture typically contains from about 0.5 wt.% to about 70 wt.%, from about 5 wt.% to about 70 wt.% or from about 10 wt.% to about 50 wt.% such substances. Suitable materials include sulfur trioxide and such complexes of sulfur trioxide, as the comp is CEN sulfur trioxide with dioxane, the sulfur trioxide with pyridine, sulfur trioxide N,N-dimethylformamide, sulfur trioxide with Sul-folana, sulfur trioxide with tetrahydrofuran, the sulfur trioxide with diethyl ether, the sulfur trioxide with 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline, and mixtures thereof.

Typically, the reaction mixture contains a balanced amount of solvent. When applying solvent source, the reaction mixture typically contains up to 99 wt.% solvent, from about 10 wt.% to about 90 wt.% solvent, or from about 20 wt.% to about 80 wt.% the solvent. Suitable solvents include aprotic, polar and non-polar solvents, such as Aceto-nitrile, dioxane, metiluratilovaya ether, tetrahydrofuran, N,N-dimethylformamide, sulfolane, chlorobenzene, toluene, 1,2-dichloroethane, methylene chloride, chloroform, diethyl ether, hexane, pentane, benzene, xylene and mixtures thereof. Suitable solvents can be ordered from Aldrich, P.O. Box 2060, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA.

Cleaning compositions and additives to detergent compositions containing organic catalysts of the applicant

The cleaning composition of the present invention can be used, for example, when washing clothes, cleaning hard surfaces, in automatic dishwashing machines, as well as in cosmetic use, such as dentures, teeth, hair and skin. However, due to unique advantages such as str is Chennai efficiency at lower temperatures of the solution, and excellent compatibility with enzymes, organic catalysts of the present invention are ideal for use in washing, for example in the bleaching of fabrics using a detergent that contains bleach or washing additives containing bleach. In addition, the organic catalysts of the present invention can be used both in granular and liquid formulations.

The organic catalysts of the present invention can also be applied in the cleaning additives. Detergent additive comprising an organic catalysts of the present invention, is ideally suited for introduction into the washing process if it is desirable to achieve additional bleaching effectiveness, such as - but not limited - for cleaning in solution at low temperature. In its simplest form, this additive may be an organic catalyst of the applicant. Preferably, the additive may be packaged in a unit dosage form to be added to the cleaning process where the source is used percolated and it is desirable to increase the efficiency of bleaching. Such unit dosage form can contain a pill, tablet, measured with a gel or another individual dosage unit, such as a pre-measured powders or liquids To increase the amount of such a composition may include a filler or carrier. Suitable material carrier or excipient includes, but is not limited to, various salts of sulfate, carbonate and silicate, and talc, alumina and the like. The materials of the carrier or filler for liquid compositions may be water or a low molecular weight primary or secondary alcohols, including diols and polyols. Examples of such alcohols include, but are not limited to methanol, ethanol, propanol and isopropanol. The composition can contain from about 5% to about 90% of such materials. To lower the pH can be used acid fillers. Alternatively, the cleaning additive may include activated source percolated defined hereinafter, or auxiliary ingredients, as fully defined below.

Cleaning compositions and cleaning additives applicant require a catalytically effective amount of the organic catalyst of the applicant. The required level of such a catalyst can be achieved by adding one or more substances of the organic catalyst of the applicant. Practically but not to limit, the compositions and cleaning methods disclosed herein may contain of the order of at least 0.001 parts per million (h/mn)from about 0,001 h/m to about 500 h/mn, from about 0,005 h/m to approximately 150 hours/million, or even from approximately 0.05 h/mn is about 50 hours/million organic catalyst of the applicant in the scrubbing liquid. To obtain such levels in the scrubbing liquid is considered typical compositions can contain from about is 0.0002% to about 5%, or even from about 0,001% to about 1.5% organic catalyst by weight of the cleaning compositions.

When the organic catalyst of the applicant is used in granular compositions, it may be desirable that the organic catalyst of the applicant had the appearance of an encapsulated particle to protect the organic catalyst of the applicant from moisture and (or) other components of the granular composition during storage. In addition, encapsulation is also a means of controlling the availability of the organic catalyst of the applicant in the cleaning process and may enhance the effectiveness of the bleaching of the organic catalyst of the applicant. In this regard, the organic catalyst of the applicant may be encapsulated by any known encapsulating material.

The encapsulating material typically encapsulates at least part, and preferably all organic catalyst of the applicant. Typically, the encapsulating material is water-soluble and (or) water-dispersible material. The encapsulating material may have a glass transition temperature (Tg) 0°C or higher.

Preferably, the encapsulating material is selected from the group consisting of coal is W, natural or artificial resins, chitin and chitosan, cellulose and its derivatives, silicates, phosphates, borates, polyvinyl alcohol, politi-langille, paraffin waxes, and combinations thereof. Preferably, the encapsulating material is a carbohydrate, usually selected from the group consisting of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, and combinations thereof. More preferably, the encapsulating material is a starch. Preferred starches are described in EP 0922499, US 4977252, US 5354559 and US 5935826.

The encapsulating material may be a microspheres made from plastics, such as thermoplastics, Acrylonitrile, Methacrylonitrile, polyacrylonitrile, polymethacrylates and mixtures thereof; commercially available microspheres that are supplied under the trademark Expancel® from Expancel of Stockviksverken, Sweden, and microspheres supplied under the brands PM 6545, PM 6550, PM 7220, PM 7228, Extendospheres®, Luxsil®, Q-cel® and Sphericel® from PQ Corp., Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, USA.

The cleaning compositions of the present invention are preferably made so that during use in aqueous medium pH was between about 6.5 and about 11, or even between about 7.5 and 10.5. Liquid compositions for washing dishes can have a pH between about 6.8 and about to 9.0. Products for washing usually have a pH from about 9 to about 11. Methods of regulating the pH in the region of komentowanych the limits of use include the use of buffers, alkalis, acids, etc. and well-known specialists in this field.

Auxiliary materials

Although for the purposes of the present invention it is not essential, the following non-limiting list of excipients, which are suitable for use in the compositions of the present invention and may, if desired, be included in some embodiments of the invention, for example, to facilitate or enhance the cleaning effect, for processing to be cleaned of the substrate or to change the aesthetic component of the cleaning composition, as is the case with perfumes, dyes, coloring agents and the like, the Precise nature of these additional components, and levels of their content will depend on the physical form of the composition and nature of cleaning operations in which they are used. Suitable support materials include, but are not limited to - surfactant, core components, chelating agents, inhibitors of migration painting, dispersants, enzymes, and enzyme stabilizers, catalytic materials, bleach activators, hydrogen peroxide, sources of hydrogen peroxide, pre-formed percolate, polymeric dispersing agents, preventing re-deposition agents removal of the mineral soil pollution, Bleu is cooperatively, defoamers, dyes, perfumes, agents for elasticity patterns, fabric softeners, carriers, hydrotropes improving machinability additives, solvents and / or pigments. In addition to those described below, suitable examples of other such auxiliary substances and the levels of their use are given in U.S. patent No. 5576282, 6306812 B1 and 6326348 B1, which are incorporated here by reference.

As mentioned previously, the auxiliary ingredients are not required for the compositions of the applicant. Therefore, some embodiments of the compositions of the applicant do not contain one or more of the following supporting materials: surfactants, main components, chelating agents, inhibitors of migration painting, dispersants, enzymes, and enzyme stabilizers, catalytic materials, bleach activators, hydrogen peroxide, sources of hydrogen peroxide, pre-formed perkiset, polymeric dispersing agents, preventing re-deposition agents removal of the mineral soil pollution, bishopapostles, defoamers, dyes, perfumes, agents for elasticity patterns, fabric softeners, carriers, hydrotropes improving machinability additives, solvents and / or pigments. However, when one or more vspomogatelnymi present, such one or more auxiliary materials may be submitted as described below.

Bleach: cleaning compositions of the present invention can contain one or more bleach. Suitable bleaches, other than the bleach catalysts include fotoatelier, bleach activators, hydrogen peroxide, sources of hydrogen peroxide, pre-formed percolate and mixtures thereof. In General, when using bleach compositions of the present invention can contain from about 0.1% to about 50% or even from about 0.1% to about 25% bleach from the masses consider cleaning composition.

Examples of suitable brighteners include:

(1) fotoatelier, for example from sulphonated phthalocyanine zinc;

(2) pre-formed percolate. Suitable pre-formed percolate selected from the group consisting of percarbonic acids and salts, peroralnyh acids and salts, perekidnyh acids and salts, peroxymonosulfuric acids and salts, for example Oxzone®, and mixtures thereof. Suitable percarbonate acids include hydrophobic and hydrophilic percolate having the formula R-(C=O)O-O-M, where R represents an alkyl group, optionally branched, having, when percolate hydrophobic, from 6 to 14 ATO is s carbon or from 8 to 12 carbon atoms, and if percolate hydrophilic, less than 6 carbon atoms or even less than 4 carbon atoms; and M is a counterion, such as sodium, potassium or hydrogen;

(3) sources of hydrogen peroxide, for example, inorganic perrykaty, including alkali metal salts, such as perborate sodium (usually mono - or Tetra-hydrate), percarbonate, persulfates, perphosphate, prsilikat and mixtures thereof. One object of the invention inorganic perrykaty selected from the group consisting of sodium salts of perborate, percarbonate and mixtures thereof. Usually, inorganic perrykaty are used in quantities of from 0.05 to 40 wt.% or 1 to 30 wt.% by weight of the total composition and, as a rule, included in such compositions in the form of a crystalline solid phase, which can be coated. Suitable coatings include inorganic salts such as silicates, carbonates or borates of alkali metals or mixtures thereof, or organic materials, for example, water-soluble or water-dispersible polymers, waxes, oils or fatty soap; and

(4) the bleaching activators, with R-(C=O)-L, where R is an alkyl group, optionally branched, having, when the bleaching activator is hydrophobic, from 6 to 14 carbon atoms, or from 8 to 12 carbon atoms, and if the bleaching activator hydrophilic, less than 6 carbon atoms, or even the Eney 4 carbon atoms; and L is a leaving group. Examples of suitable leaving groups are benzoic acid and its derivatives, especially bansilalpet. Suitable bleach activators include sulfonate dodecanoate, sulfonate decanolactone, technologiesin acid and its salts, sulfonate 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate, tetraaceticacid (TAED) and sulfonate nonenvironmental (NOBS). Suitable bleach activators are disclosed in the publication WO 98/17767. Although it is allowed to use any bleach activators, one object of the present invention under consideration, the cleaning compositions can contain NOBS, TAED or mixtures thereof.

Percolate and (or) a bleaching activator, if any, generally are present in the composition in an amount of from about 0.1 to about 60 wt.%, from about 0.5 to about 40 wt.% or even from about 0.6 to about 10 wt.% in the calculation of the composition. One or more hydrophobic perkiset or their precursors can be used in combination with one or more hydrophilic percolate or their predecessor.

Number source of hydrogen peroxide and percolate or bleaching activator may be selected so that the molar ratio of available oxygen (peroxide source) to percolate is from 1:1 to 35:1 or even 2:1 to 10:1.

The surface is Resto-active substances (surfactants): cleaning compositions in accordance with the present invention may contain a surfactant or surfactant system, moreover, the surfactant may be selected from nonionic, anionic, cationic, ampholytic, zwitterionic, polupryamykh nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof. If any surfactant is typically present in amount from about 0.1% to about 60%, from about 1% to about 50% or even from about 5% to about 40% by weight of the considered composition.

The main components of the cleaning compositions of the present invention may contain one or more major components or major systems of detergents. When using the main component of its content in the composition is typically at least about 1%, from about 5% to about 60%, or even from about 10% to about 40% by weight of the considered composition.

Major components include, but are not limited to salts of alkali metals, ammonium and alkanolammonium salts of polyphosphates, alkali metal silicates, carbonates, alkaline earth and alkali metal aluminosilicate components and polycarboxylate compounds, ethers of hydroxypolycarboxylic, copolymers of maleic anhydride with ethylene or vinylmation ether, 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-2,4,6-trisulphonate, and carboxymethylcysteine acid, salts of various alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts polixeni acids, nab the emer ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and microtrusses acid, as well as such polycarboxylate as malletova acid, succinic acid, citric acid, accidentally acid, primulina acid, benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, carboxymethylcysteine acid and its soluble salts.

Chelating agents: consider the cleaning composition may contain a chelating agent. Suitable chelating agents include chelating agents, copper, iron and / or manganese, and mixtures thereof. When using a chelating agent, its content in the composition can range from about 0,005% to about 15% or even from about 3.0% to about 10% by weight of the composition.

Preventing migration of the dye agents: consider cleaning compositions can also include one or more of preventing migration of the dye agents. Suitable polymeric agents include, but are not limited to, polymers are polyvinylpyrrolidone, polymers of N-oxindolimine, copolymers of N-vinylpyrrolidone and N-vinylimidazole, polivinilatsetatny and polyvinylimidazole, and mixtures thereof. When using preventing migration of the dye agents, their content in the composition can range from about 0,0001% to about 10%, from about 0.01% to about 5% or even from about 0.1% to about 3% by weight of the composition.

Bleu is cooperatively: consider the cleaning compositions of the present invention may also contain additional components, changing the intensity of the color of cleaned products, such as fluorescent bishopshostel. Levels of suitable fluorescent bishopapostles include lower limits from a maximum of approximately to 0.01, from about 0.05 to about 0.1 wt.% or even from about 0.2 wt.% to an upper limit of 0.5 or even 0.75 wt.%.

Dispergator: composition of the present invention can also contain dispersants. Suitable water-soluble organic materials include Homo - or copolymer acids or their salts in which the polycarboxylic acid comprises at least two carboxyl radicals separated from each other by no more than two carbon atoms.

Enzymes: cleaning compositions can contain one or more enzymes which provide cleaning effect and / or benefits in fabric care. Examples of suitable enzymes include, but are not limited to - hemicellulase, peroxidase, protease, cellulase, xylanase, lipase, phospholipase, esterase, cutinase, pectinase, mannanase, pectin-LiAZ, keratinase, reductase, oxidase, peroxidase, lipoxygenase, ligninase, pullulanase, tannaz, pentosanase, Malagasy, β-glucanase, arabinosidases, hyaluronidase, chondroitinase, laccase, amylases, and mixtures thereof. The usual combination is a mixture of enzymes, which can provide is to contain, for example, protease and lipase in combination with amylase. If the above enzymes are present in the cleaning composition, the protein content of the above-mentioned enzymes may be from about 0.00001% to about 2%, from 0.0001% to about 1% or even from about 0,001% to about 0.5% by weight of the composition.

Stabilizers enzymes for use in detergents enzymes can be stabilized by various techniques. Used in the present invention, the enzymes can be stabilized in the presence of water-soluble sources of calcium ions and / or magnesium in the final compositions containing these ions. In the case of aqueous compositions, containing a protease, for additional stability can be added reversible protease inhibitor, for example a boron compound.

The catalytic metal complexes: cleaning compositions of the applicant may include catalytic metal complexes. One type of metal-containing catalysts whitening is a catalytic system containing a transition metal cation with a particular bleaching activity, such as copper, iron, titanium, ruthenium, tungsten, molybdenum, or manganese cations auxiliary metal having a small whitening activity or not having it at all, for example the cation of zinc or aluminum, and linking ve is estvo, having defined stability constants for the catalytic and auxiliary metal cations, particularly ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, ethylenediaminetetra (methylenephosphonic acid and their water soluble salts. Such catalysts are described in U.S. patent No. 4430243.

If desired, the compositions of the present invention can be catalyzed by manganese compounds. Such compounds and levels of their content are well known in the art and include, for example, catalysts based on manganese, described in U.S. patent No. 5576282.

Known cobalt catalysts whitening suitable for the present invention, and are described, for example, in U.S. patent No. 5597936 and 5595967. Such cobalt catalysts are readily obtained by known procedures, as for example shown in U.S. patent No. 5597936 and 5595967.

The compositions of the present invention can also include a complex of the transition metal with ligands, as bispinosa (see WO 05/042532 A1) and (or) macrocyclic rigid ligands, referred to as "MRL". In practice - but not by limiting compositions and methods of the present invention can be adjusted to contain at least one part per million of the active MRL-component in the washing water, and generally provide from about 0,005 h/m to use the 25 hours/million from approximately 0.05 h/m to about 10 hours/million, or even from about 0.1 h/m to about 5 hours/million MRL in the washing solution.

Suitable transition metals in the bleach catalysts of the present invention include, for example, manganese, iron and chromium. Suitable MRL include 5,12-diethyl-1,5,8,12-tetraazabicyclo-[6.6.2]hexadecane.

Suitable MRL with transition metal are easily derived using well-known procedures, e.g. as described in WO 00/32601 and US 6225464.

Solvents: suitable solvents include water and other solvents, such as lipophilic fluid. Examples of suitable lipophilic fluids include siloxanes, other silicones, hydrocarbons, glycol ethers, derivatives of glycerol, such as esters of glycerine, perforated amines, perfluorinated and hydrotherapie solvents, low-volatile non-fluorinated organic solvents, diol solvents, and other eco-friendly solvents, and mixtures thereof.

Methods of making the cleaning compositions and / or compositions for processing

The cleaning compositions of the present invention can be prepared in any suitable form and obtained by any method chosen by the experimenter; non-limiting examples of such methods are given in the examples of the applicant and in U.S. patents№5879584, 5691297, 5574005, 5569645, 5565422, 5516448, 548392, 5486303, which are all incorporated here by reference.

Method of use

The present invention includes a method of cleaning including land surface or fabric. This method includes the steps at which contact the cleaning composition of the applicant, in pure form or in the form of a diluted aqueous solution with at least part of a surface or fabric, and then optionally rinsed specified surface or fabric. Surface or the fabric may be subjected to a washing step up to the specified stage rinsing. For the purposes of the present invention flushing includes - but is not limited to this processing attornies and mechanical agitation. As will be appreciated by the person skilled in the art, the cleaning compositions of the present invention is ideal for washing clothes. Accordingly, the present invention includes a method of washing fabric. This method includes the steps where: contact to be washing the fabric with the said cleaning washing solution containing at least one variant of implementation of the cleaning compositions of the applicant, the cleaning additive of the applicant or their mixture. The fabric can contain almost any fabric capable of washing in the normal user conditions. The solution preferably has a pH from about 8 to about 10.5V. Data com is osili can be used at concentrations in the solution is from about 500 h/m to about 15000 hours/million Water temperature is usually in the range from 5°C to 90°C. the Ratio of water/fabric typically ranges from about 1:1 to about 30:1.

Test the compatibility of the organic catalyst and enzyme

The following test uses the test activity of alpha-amylase to measure the impact of organic catalyst on the enzyme.

Equipment: spectrophotometer UV/visible range, capable of measuring at 415 nm; magnetic stirrer, heated to 40°C, 5 ml syringe with Swarovski nozzle and filters (Acrodisc 0.45 μm), pH meter and a scale (analytical, 4 digits).

Reagents: a set of amylase from Merck (Merck Eurolab, cat. room No. 1.19718.0001); Trizma base (Sigma, cat. # T-1503 or equivalent); two-water calcium chloride (Sigma, cat. Number C-5080 or equivalent); pytevodniy sodium thiosulfate (Sigma, cat. # S-6672 or equivalent); hydrochloric acid (VWR cat. No. JT9535-0 or equivalent); solution rigidity (group CTC, 3.00 g/cm3or equivalent); percarbonate sodium; peracetic acid (Aldrich, cat. No. 26933-6 or equivalent); the enzymes amylase: termamyl, natalise and durabil (Novozymes, Denmark); the matrix of granular detergent that does not contain enzymes, organic catalysts or bleaching agents.

1) preparation of the solution:

a) Test the TRIS buffer. Prepare 1 l of 0.1 M TRIS buffer, 0.5% sodium thiosulfate (wt./vol.), 0,11% calcium chloride (wt./about.) p and pH 8.3.

b) Control the detergent solution. Prepare 1 l of 0.5% enzyme and does not contain bleach granulated detergent in deionized water (wt./vol.), which represents 250 hours/million H2O2(0,77 g percarbonate), and stiffness 10 gpg (rigidity 880 Ul).

C) the Supply of termamyl, Urmila and natality. Prepare 100 ml of solutions containing 0,1633 mg active termamyl per ml TRIS-buffer, 0,1159 mg active natality per ml TRIS-buffer, and 0,1596 mg active duramale per ml of TRIS buffer.

g) Inventories organic catalyst. Prepare 500 hours/million in a solution of methanol in µm.

d) Supply of peracetic acid. Prepare a solution 3955 hours/million peracetic acid in deionized water.

(e) amylase Reagent. Follow the instructions set by Merck for the preparation of vials 1 and 2 use the vial 3, followed by stirring vials 1 and 2 by the end of the reagent used in the analysis of amylase activity.

2) Analysis of samples:

a) Analysis of the sample containing only the enzyme: add 100 ml of control solution of the detergent in 150 ml measuring Cup. Place the beaker on the hot mixer and bring the temperature up to 40°C under stirring. In a glass add Y ál of stock enzyme, where Y=612 μl duramale, 306 μl of termamyl or 918 ál natality. Mark only the desired enzyme. Mix the sample to those who tell 1 minute. Start the timer. After 7 min 45 sec remove the sample and filtered using 0.45 μm syringe filter (5 ml syringe). Mix 6 ál of the filtered sample with 250 μl of amylase reagent in the cuvette and place the cuvette in a UV/., spectrophotometer and see the changes in absorbance at 415 nm. Determine with precision the length of time (tE)required to obtain the reference absorption of 1.0 for each enzyme. Use the tEfor each enzyme in stages 2B and 2C, are shown below.

6) Analysis of the sample only to the enzyme and peracetic acid. Repeat step 2A) except that after adding the enzyme solution allow to mix for 1 minute, then add 127 μl stock peracetic acid and start the timer. Remove the sample after 7 min 45 sec as in step 2A). When the sample and the reagent are mixed, record the absorbance at tEfor the corresponding enzyme. This absorption indicate Ab.

in the Analysis of the sample with the enzyme, peracetic acid and an organic catalyst. Repeat step 2A) except that after adding the enzyme solution was left to mix for 1 minute, then add stock 127 ál of peracetic acid and a stock of 100 µl of the organic catalyst and include a timer. After 7 min 45 sec sample is removed, as in step 2A). Mixing the sample and reagent, record the absorbance at tEfor the corresponding enzyme. Denote this absorption as awith.

3) Calculate the magnitude of the compatibility of the enzyme (ECV):

a) Calculation of ECV for each specific enzyme: termamyl (ECVter), duramale (ECVdurand natality (ECVnat). Value ECV for any particular enzyme is (Awith/Ab) × 100, where awithand Ab- the values defined in stages 2B and 2B), respectively, for a given enzyme.

6) ECV for selected organic catalyst is the average of the individual values ECV for the three enzymes. Therefore, ECV=(ECVter+ECVdur+ECVnat)/3.

Examples

Unless otherwise specified, the materials can be obtained from the firm Aldrich, P.O. Box 2060, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA. In examples 1-12 solvent - acetonitrile - may be replaced by other solvents, including but not limited to 1,2-dichloroethane.

Example 1: get the internal salt of the ester of sulfuric acid mono-[2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(2-propylheptanol)-ethyl

Getting pilgramage ether 2-propylheptyl: annealed, round-bottom flask with an additional funnel 500 ml, filled with epichlorohydrin (15.62 wide g to 0.17 mol), add 20 g (to 0.127 mol) of 2-propylheptanol (Pflatz & Bauer, Inc., 172E, Aurora street, Waterburry CT, 06708, USA) and 0.20 g (0.00 mol) of chloride of tin. The reaction mixture was kept in an argon atmosphere and heated to 90°C in oil bath. Added dropwise to the epichlorohydrin in the mixed solution for 60 min, followed by stirring at 90°C for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was equipped with a nozzle for vacuum distillation and distilled 1-chloro-3-(2-propylheptyl)propan-2-ol at a temperature in the range of 90°C is >95°C at 2 mm Hg Mass = 22,1, 5.0 g (at 0.020 mol) of 1-chloro-3-(2-propylheptyl)propan-2-ol dissolved in 50 ml of tetrahydrofuran and stirred at room temperature in argon atmosphere. To a stirred solution add 2,52 g (0,022 mol) of tert-butoxide potassium and the suspension is stirred at room temperature for 18 hours. The mixture is then evaporated to dryness, the residue dissolved in hexane and washed with water (100 ml). Separate the hexane phase and dried her Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated to dryness to obtain crude pilgramage ether 2-propylheptyl, which can be subsequently purified by distillation in vacuum.

Get the internal salt of the ester of sulfuric acid mono-[2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(2-propylheptanol)-ethyl: calcined round-bottom three-neck flask with a capacity of 250 ml, equipped with a refrigerator, an inlet for dry argon, magnetic michaelem, thermometer and heating bath, add 0.38 mol of 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline received the accordance with Example 1 of U.S. patent No. 5576282, 0.38 mol pilgramage ether 2-propylheptyl obtained as described above, 0.38 mol of the complex SO3-DMF and 500 ml of acetonitrile. The reaction mixture was heated to 80°C and stirred at this temperature for 72 hours. The reaction mixture is cooled to room temperature, evaporated to dryness and the residue recrystallized from ethyl acetate and ethanol to obtain the desired product.

Example 2: retrieving internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(2-butylacetoacetate)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol 2-butyloctyl.

Example 3: retrieving internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(2-phenterminemexicotl)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol 2-pensilvanya (from the firm Pfaltz &Bauer Inc., Wayerbury, CT 06708).

Example 4: obtaining internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(2-hexyldecanoic)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol 2-hexyldecanol.

Example 5: receiving an internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(dodecyloxyphenyl)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, amanjaya 2-propylheptanol n-dodecanol.

Example 6: get internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(tetradecyltrimethyl)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol n-tetradecanol.

Example 7: get internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(hexadecyltrimethyl)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol n-hexadecanol.

Example 8: get internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(octadecylsilyl)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol n-octadecanol.

Example 9: receipt of an internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(isononanoate)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol isononanol Exxal 9 (from the company Exxon Mobil Chemical company, Houston, Texas, USA).

Example 10: getting internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3.4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(isodityrosine)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol isodecanol (from company City Chemicals LLC, WestHeaven, Connecticut, USA).

Example 11: obtain internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(1-from tradetrakker)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol 3-isodecanol (from BASF Corporation, Mount Olive, New Jersey, USA).

Example 12: the simultaneous receipt of an internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(ISO-tradetracker)ethyl ester and an internal salt, sulfuric acid mono-2-(3,4-dihydro-isoquinoline-2-yl)-1-(ISO-pentadecylcatechol)-ethyl ester

The desired product is obtained in accordance with Example 1, substituting 2-propylheptanol mixture of isomeric tridecanol-pentadecanol (from BASF Corporation, Mount Olive, New Jersey, USA).

td align="center"> 14
Example 13
Bleaching detergent compositions having the form of a granulated washing detergent is represented by the following structures.
AndInDEF
Line Las202220152020
With12 dimethylhydroxylamine chloride 0,7110,60,00,7
AE3S0,90,00,90,00,00,9
AE0,00,50,0131
Sodium tripolyphosphate233023171223
Zeolite And0,00,00,00,0100,0
1.6 has been released Silicate777777
Sodium carbonate1515181515
Polyacrylate MW 450010,0111,51
Carboxymethylcellulose111111
Savinase 32,89 mg/g0,10,070,10,10,10,1
Natalise 8,65 mg/g0,10,10,10,00,10,1
Bishopshostel 150,060,00,060,180,060,06
Bishopshostel 490,1 0,060,10,00,10,1
Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid0,60,30,60,250,60,6
MgSO41110,511
Percarbonate sodium0,05,20,10,00,00,0
Fotoatelier0,00300,00150,00150,00200,00450,0010
The perborate monohydrate sodium4,40,03,852,090,783,63
NOBS1,90,01,661,770,330,75
TAED0,581,20,510,00,0150,28
Organic catalyst*0,01850,01850,01620,01620,01110,0074
Sulfate/wetup to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%
*Organic catalyst obtained in accordance with Examples 1 to 12, or mixtures thereof.

Any of the above composition is used for washing fabrics at a concentration in the water 3500 hours/million, 25°C and the ratio of water: clothing 25:1. Usually the pH is about 10, but can be adjusted by changing the ratio of acid to Las in the form of Na-salt.

Example 14
Bleaching detergent compositions having the form of a granulated washing detergent is represented by the following structures.
AndInD
Line Las87,176,5
AE3S04,805,2
Alkylsulfate1010
AE2,203,20,1
C10-12dimethylhydroxylamine chloride0,750,940,980,98
Crystalline layered silicate (δ-Na2Si2O5) 4,104,80
Zeolite And200170
Citric acid3534
Sodium carbonate15201420
Silicate 2R (SiO2:Na2O in the ratio 2:1)0,0800,110
Dirt repellent agent0,750,720,710,72
Copolymer of acrylic acid/maleic acid1,13,71,03,7
Carboxymethylcellulose0,151,40,21,4
Protease (56,00 mg active substance/g)0,370,40,40,4
Amylase (21,55 mg active substance/g)0,30,30,30,3
Lipase (11,00 mg active substance/g)00,700,7
Tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED)3,64,03,64,0
Percarbonate1313,21313,2
Organic catalyst*0,040,020,010,06
Na-salt Ethylenediamine-N,N'-dinternal acid, (S,S-isomer) (EDDS)0,20,20,20,2
Hydroxyethylphosphonate (HEDP) 0,20,20,20,2
MgSO40,420,420,420,42
Perfume0,50,60,50,6
Sinter suppressor foam0,050,10,050,1
Soap0,450,450,450,45
The sodium sulfate22332430
From sulphonated phthalocyanine zinc0,070,120,070,12
Fotoatelier0,00140,0020,00140,001
Inclusions 0,030,050,030,05
Water, etc.up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%
*Organic catalyst obtained in accordance with Examples 1 to 12, or mixtures thereof.

Any of the above composition is used for washing fabrics at a concentration in water of 10,000 hours/million, 20-90°C and the ratio of water: clothing 5:1. Usually the pH is about 10, but can be adjusted by changing the ratio of acid to Las in the form of Na-salt.

Example 15
Bleaching detergent compositions having the form of a granulated washing detergent is represented by the following structures.
Line Las19,015,020,019,018,0of 17.5
Alkylsulfate1,11,00,81,01,11,2
AE3S0,30,20,00,10,30,5
Polyacrylic acid, partially neutralized6,05,57,57,05,86,0
Ecological sodium*1,51,92,01,71,51,0
PEG 40000,3 0,250,350,150,20,10
Bishopshostel 49000,320,040,040,16
Bishopshostel 15000,680,080,080,32
Moisture2,502,002,902,202,401,80
Sodium carbonate20,0of 17.521,020,219,018,0
The sodium sulfate0,200,300,500,300,450,10
Sodium silicate0,250,250,550,300,250,10
Layered silicate2,73,02,23,71,51,0
Zeolite And11,011,012,510,29,58,0
Protease0,200,501,00,150,400,0
Silicone foam suppressor0,400,351,000,600,500,00
Lumpy sulfate21.5 21,021,020,018,5
The reaction product amine containing δ-Damascan****0,400,250,100,350,600,00
Perfume0,100,300,200,200,400,50
Percarbonate sodium2,84,52,00the 4.77,410,0
Traditional activator (NOBS)2,103,71,003,05,010,0
Organic catalyst**0,0050,101,000,25 0,050,05
Potenital***0,500,201,000,300,100,00
Fillerup to 100%Up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%
* Can also be used other hydrotropes, such as toluensulfonate.
** Organic catalyst obtained in accordance with Examples 1 to 12, or mixtures thereof.
***Such as Ultramarine Blue or Azo-CM-Cellulose (Megazyme, Bray, Co. Wicklo Ireland).
**** Received in accordance with WO 00/02991.

Any of the above composition is used for washing fabrics at a concentration in the water 500-1500 hours/million, 5-25°C and the ratio of water: clothes 15:1-25:1. Usually the pH is about 9.5 to 10, but can be adjusted by changing the ratio of acid to Las in the form of Na-salt.

Example 16

Listed below organic catalysis is ora tested in accordance with test compatibility of the organic catalyst of the present invention and the enzyme using: [peracetic acid] = 5,0 h/m; [organic catalyst] = 0.5 hours/million, to obtain the following results.

Position*Group catalyst R1The value of compatibility with enzyme
ECVterECVdurECVnatECV
1Tert-butyl51865865
22-ethylhexyl54905767
32-propylheptyl981019999
42-butyloctyl101101102101
5n-C12H14102 100100101
6Isononyl86968890
7Isodecyl98979697
8Isotridecyl99100101100
* Positions 1 and 2 represent, respectively, branched C4and C8alkyl fragments, which are not included in the formula 1.

For professionals it is obvious that the described and illustrated private embodiments of the present invention can be changed and modified without departing from the essence and scope of the present invention. Therefore, all such changes and modifications are included in the scope of the present invention, attached covered by the following claims.

1. A cleaning composition containing:
a) an organic catalyst selected from the group consisting of organic catalysts having the following formula: (i)

(ii)

(iii) and mixtures thereof;
where each R1independently is branched alkyl group selected from the group consisting of 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, Isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl or linear alkyl group containing from 11 to 18 carbon atoms; and
b) one or more accessory ingredients.

2. The cleaning composition according to claim 1, wherein each R1independently selected from the group consisting of 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, Isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl.

3. The cleaning composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains an organic catalyst having the following formula:

where each R1independently selected from the group consisting of 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, Isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl.

4. The cleaning composition according to claim 3, wherein R1independently selected from the group consisting of 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, Isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl.

5. The cleaning composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains an organic catalyst having the following formula:

where each R1independently selected from the group sotoyama the 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, Isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl.

6. The cleaning composition according to claim 5, wherein R1independently selected from the group consisting of 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, Isodecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl.

7. The cleaning composition according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one of the above-mentioned one or more additional ingredients selected from activated sources barkisland, enzyme, surfactant, and mixtures thereof.

8. The cleaning composition according to claim 3, characterized in that at least one of the above-mentioned one or more additional ingredients selected from activated sources barkisland, enzyme, surfactant, and mixtures thereof.

9. The cleaning composition according to claim 5, characterized in that at least one of the above-mentioned one or more additional ingredients selected from activated sources barkisland, enzyme, surfactant, and mixtures thereof.

10. The cleaning composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains the following additional ingredients: activated source barkisland, enzyme and surfactant.

11. The cleaning composition according to claim 3, characterized in that it contains the following additional ingredients: activated source percilla the ode, enzyme and surfactant.

12. The cleaning composition according to claim 5, characterized in that it contains the following additional ingredients: activated source barkisland, enzyme and surfactant.

13. The cleaning composition according to claim 1, wherein R1selected from the group consisting of 2-butyloctyl, 2-pentylene, 2-hexyldecyl, isotridecyl and isopentenyl, as mentioned composition contains the following additional ingredients: activated source barkisland, enzyme and surfactant.

14. The cleaning composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains an organic catalyst having the value of compatibility with the enzyme 70 or more, and one or more ancillary compounds.

15. The cleaning composition according to 14, characterized in that it contains an organic catalyst having the value of compatibility with the enzyme 80 or more, and the composition contains the following additional ingredients: activated source barkisland, enzyme and surfactant.



 

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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: synthetic detergent with low environmental hazard contains sodium tripolyphosphate, anionic surfactant - sodium soap based on high fatty acids, carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium silicate, optical bleaching agent, fragrance component, sodium sulphate and water. The detergent also contains a nonionic surfactant - oxyethylated fatty alcohols, collagen dissolution products obtained by using leather production wastes (leather cuttings), sodium perborate and sodium carbonate. All components are taken in a defined ratio.

EFFECT: invention enables production of a synthetic detergent with low environmental hazard, good detergent action and low foaming capacity.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pellets which contain diacyl peroxide particles inside a matrix, a method of preparing such pellets and detergents containing such pellets. The pellets contain a matrix made from at least one metal ion-cross-liked polysaccharide and diacyl peroxide particles put inside the said matrix. The pellets are obtained through drop-wise addition of an aqueous suspension in which diacyl peroxide particles are suspended and in which at least one metal ion-cross-linked polysaccharide is dissolved to a solution which contains polysaccharide cross-linking metal ions.

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FIELD: chemistry.

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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: cleaning compositions contain organic catalysts having the formula (i), (ii) given in the formula of invention, or mixtures thereof. In the formula G is selected from -O-, -CH2O-, -(CH2)2- and -CH2-, R1 is selected from H or C1-C4 alkyl, each R2 is independently selected from C4-C8 alkyl, benzyl, 2-methylbenzyl, 3-methylbenzyl, 4-methylbenzyl, 4-ethylbenzyl, 4-isopropylbenzyl and 4-tert-butylbenzyl.

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FIELD: chemistry.

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11 cl, 3 tbl, 5 ex

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19 cl, 2 tbl, 11 ex

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23 cl, 4 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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10 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

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22 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

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17 cl, 3 tbl, 16 ex

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10 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

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9 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to compositions of granulated synthetic detergents, meant for manual and machine washing (in any type of machine) and soaking all types of textiles, including coloured and other household needs. The detergent contains the following components in the given % mass: anionic surface active agent sodium alkylbenzenesulfonate 9-12; non-ionic surfactant 2-5; sodium tripolyphosphate 15-30; dispergator 0.3-1.2; carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.7; sodium silicate 3-6; modified polyalkylene glycol 0.2-0.6; enzyme 0.3-0.8; sodium carbonate 6-12; photo-bleaching agent 0.003-0.020; optical brightener 0.05-0.20; fragrance component 0.1-0.3; sodium sulphate and water up to 100. The non-ionic surfactant preferably contains oxyethylated monoalkylphenols based on propylene trimers or oxyethylated fatty alcohols. The dispergator used is sodium polyacrylate or sodium salt of a copolymer of maleic or acrylic acid or a sodium salt of a copolymer of acrylic, methacrylic and maleic acid. Alternatives of the synthetic detergent are also described.

EFFECT: increased effectiveness of the detergent, bleaching effect after washing, wider assortment of high quality granulated synthetic detergents.

7 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: enzymology, protein engineering, in particular enzyme with proteolysis activity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new subtilisin variants obtained by substitution in amino acid sequence of wild-type enzyme following by certain charge alteration in corresponding site, namely negative charge increasing (positive charge decreasing) or vice versa. Subtilisin variants with the first-type substitutions have higher cleaning activities mainly in systems with law detergent concentrations. Subtilisin variants with the second-type substitutions have higher cleaning activities mainly in systems with high detergent concentrations. Variants being effective both in systems with low and high detergent concentration also are disclosed. New subtilisin variants are obtained by expression of DNA mutant sequence in cells of strain Bacillus. Subtilisin muteins of present invention are useful in cleaning compositions and composition for cloth treatment, as well as in animal feed additives.

EFFECT: enzyme of improved effectiveness.

18 cl, 4 dwg, 14 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: gene and protein engineering, in particular substances for detergents and cleaning compositions.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mutant forms of subtilisin Bacillus, obtained by certain combination of replacement in origin native enzyme amino acid sequence. Such mutant forms are differ from precursor subtilisin by increased cleaning effect. According to present invention all subtilisin variants are characterized either by residue substitution in position accepted to 232 position of Bacillus amyloliquifaciens amino acid sequence with valine, or by residue substitution in position accepted to 212 position of said subtilisin natural form with proline. To produce disclosed new form of enzyme respective mutant DNA sequences have been expressed in host cells, preferably in strain Bacillus cells with decreased level of proteases activity. Subtilisin variants of present invention are useful as components of any cleaning composition allowing for protease including.

EFFECT: new materials for detergents and cleaning compositions of improved effect.

6 cl, 5 dwg, 6 tbl, 3 ex

The invention relates to detergents and can be used both for manual and machine washing and soaking of all kinds of textile products, including non-ferrous, and other household needs

The invention relates to disinfectant compositions containing a peroxide bleaching agent, an amphoteric surfactant and an antimicrobial agent, characterized in that it contains as an antimicrobial agent glutaraldehyde and an antimicrobial essential oil or active ingredient in a quantity at least, of 0.003 wt.% the total weight of the composition, preferably 0,006 - 10%, and more preferably from 0.01 to 4% peroxide bleach it contains an amount of at least 0.01 wt.% the total weight of the composition, preferably from 0.1 to 15%, and more preferably from 1 to 10% and an amphoteric surfactant in a quantity at least, of 0.005 wt.% the total weight of the composition, preferably from 0.01 to 10%, and more preferably from 0.1 to 5%
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