Device for delivery of container with soil of investigated celestial body into autolander of space station re-entry stage and device for cargo transfer via pipeline

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering. Proposed device comprises pipeline 5, assembly to transfer container via pipeline and assembly to prepare and load container. The latter comprises rotary support 8 arranged on fixed support 7, bush 18 to accommodate container 17 and container cover 18. Transfer assembly comprises housing 19 accommodating gas-tight sleeve 20 representing, in initial position, a flat tape. Sleeve open end is tightly jointed with housing 19. Space 22 is communicated via air line 11 and start-and-shut-ff valve 12 with compressed gas source 10. Bush 16 has spring-loaded flange 24 and is locked by pyro cotter 27. Cover 18 is locked by pyro cotter 28. Support 8 is also locked by pyro cotter and provided with spring pusher 31 with rod 32 to displace transfer assembly, together with bush 16 and container 17, to under cover 18. Pyro cotter 27 operated, container 17 is closed by cover 18. Pyro cotter 28 and valve 12 operated, sleeve 20, straightening under gas pressure, displaces container 17 along pipeline 5. Delivery of container into autolander from any direction.

EFFECT: higher versatility of proposed device.

9 cl, 6 dwg

 

The group of inventions relates to the field of rocket and space technology, and in particular to means for handling container with soil samples on another planet or on any other celestial body from a position in which the loading of the container in lander returned to the Ground level space station. Thus the second invention that is used in the first, may have broader application, namely in all cases, when required to carry out the transportation of goods by pipeline.

A device for delivery of the container with soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station (Casarjian A.L., Gromov V.V., Cherkasov I.I. Automatic station for the study of surface cover of the moon. - M.: Mashinostroenie, 1976, p.51-71 [1]), made in the form of pointing device that contains multiple kinematically connected parts and the fastening elements to the design of the space station. This device-specific layout space station Luna-16 and implemented when working this station method of soil collection, involving the use of tools for drilling, structurally associated with the container in which the soil must be delivered on the Ground. While specified manipulator, however is its rather complex kinematic scheme, allows you to load the container with soil in the planting compartment is returned to the Ground level only from the side, and the choice of where to collect soil is completely determined by the ability of this robot-manipulator. For the stated reasons, this known device does not have sufficient versatility.

In the prospective study of the heavenly bodies, in particular satellite of the planet Mars Phobos, can be used in the layout of the space station, not necessarily involving the loading of the container with the soil in the planting compartment on the side. In addition, there may be provided other methods of soil samples, for example samples were collected in the vicinity of the space station, available for manipulator type, known from the book [1]. In such cases, the means for collecting soil samples should be made in the form of a separate mechanism that is not associated with a device for delivery of a container in the lander, and the container must provide an open top container, which before delivery to the specified device must be closed with a lid.

The device known from [1], closest to the proposed invention related to a device for delivery of the container with the soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station.

Predlagaemaya invention is directed to the achievement of the technical result bringing greater flexibility to the design of the device for delivery of the container with soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station. In particular, the design shall allow for loading of the container with soil to a specified device from any direction, due to the design of this apparatus, and to allow placement of the container before loading it collected soil samples at any place determined by the specifics of tools for collecting these samples. Following the disclosure of the invention and its consideration of specific performance will be named and other types achieved technical result.

The proposed device for delivery of the container with the soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station, as mentioned above, the closest known device described in [1], contains a manipulative tool and the fastening elements to the design of the space station.

To achieve the technical result of the proposed device, in contrast to the closest known with tubing having inlet opening and an aperture for discharge of the container with the soil in the specified lander site transportation of the container through the pipeline, and also the download site and preparation of the container. The latter site includes the specified manipulation tool, made in the form of a swivel bracket mounted on the fixed bracket, which is an element of the fastening device to the design of the space station, sleeve, designed to accommodate the container and the lid of the container.

Site transportation of the container through the pipeline is installed on the swivel bracket and comprises a cylindrical housing open at one end and having near the end of the free internal space. The other end of the cylindrical body is closed, and near it inside a cylindrical housing sleeve of the gas-tight film material, having in its original state view of a flat belt, folded zigzag, with the formation of compact styling. The specified sleeve capable in the expanded position to take the form of a cylinder. One end of the sleeve is closed and the other opened and hermetically connected with the cylindrical body along the perimeter of the wall. The cavity enclosed between the inner surfaces of the sleeve and the cylindrical body, connected by pneumological with mushotzky valve, a compressed gas source. The sleeve is designed to accommodate the container is installed in the free inner space of cilin the historical building and is equipped at its end, protruding from a cylindrical body, a flange, a spring-loaded relative to the cylindrical body, while the opposite end is made inside the sleeve annular stop for the container. In the initial state, the specified position of the sleeve together with the container relative to the cylindrical body is fixed with the first piroshki. Cover the container is installed in the hole of the stationary bracket below the charging hole of the pipe and in the initial state is fixed with the second piroshki. Swivel bracket in the initial state recorded the third piracema and with a spring plunger, made with the possibility of turning this bracket after tripping this piroshki and summing mounted on the swivel bracket site transportation of the container through the pipeline together with the sleeve and the container under the lid of the container.

As can be seen from the specifications, shipping container soil is carried out on the pipeline, which may be of any desired shape and length depending on the desired place of discharge of the container in lander (which should be combined outlet pipe for discharge of the container), and the possible location of the input (download the full-time openings pipeline define the overall layout of the space station on which side of the device are no restrictions. Download samples of the soil in the container is in the initial position of the loading unit and prepare a container with a very simple manipulation means in the form of the swivel bracket. This helps to ensure the approval of the location of the loading opening of the pipeline and loading of the container with soil, without imposing any restrictions on the construction of facilities for collection of soil samples. The placement of the swivel bracket on a fixed bracket also does not impose any restrictions on the design and overall layout of the space station. The installation location of the swivel bracket and its size can be any, depending on the specified design and layout. The work of loading and preparation container, comprising moving the loaded soil container for the filling opening of the pipeline is carried out automatically due to the spring-loaded plunger, which is driven as a result of triggering the third piroshki. After this is ensured by the automatic closing of the container with the lid due to the fact that the container with the soil placed in the sleeve with the spring loaded flange, so that when Abadiania first piroshki presses the container to the lid, placed under the charging hole of the pipe and held the second piracema. This ensures the fastening of the cover on the container. After actuation of the second piroshki, the final work of loading and preparation of the container, it becomes possible to move the container through the pipeline. This is accomplished by the action site transportation of the container through the pipeline after tripping boscotrecase valve air supply. The sleeve laid and connected to the cylindrical housing in the manner described, when filled with gas is ejected in the direction of the container, consistently pulling and spreading our new folds. Transportation of the container with the soil pipe is under the influence of the sleeves, her vengeance when filled with gas, without the participation of any other mechanical structural elements.

From the above it is evident that the described implementation provides the achievement of the above-mentioned technical result and that this result is achieved by the totality of the features of the invention relating to a device for delivery of the container with the soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station.

It is advisable this embodiment of the sleeve, in which the om its diameter in the expanded position is not less than the diameter of the pipeline. This limit ensures the possibility of rupture of the sleeve under pressure fills his gas.

Hose laying zigzag should be performed so that the folds of the sleeves are parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical body, and a fold line perpendicular to this axis. Thus the open end of the sleeve, tightly connected with the cylindrical body along the perimeter of the wall must be worn on the compact styling from the side adjacent to the open end of the cylindrical body. When you move along the pipeline those folds styling that have not dealt in the process of filling the sleeves of the gas occurs within the sleeve, without direct contact with the walls of the pipeline.

Known various devices for transportation of goods by pipeline. In particular, a device according to the patent of Russian Federation №2045454, publ. 10.10.1992 [2], in which the movement of goods can be carried out using the attached rope. The use of such devices involves the connection of the cargo, destination, and the presence of the latter means for winding a cable that is a certain limitation. So, in relation to the problem of transportation of the container with the soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to see the Liu space station, the use of such a device would lead to constructive complication and unnecessary increase in the mass returned to the stage and lander.

It is also known a device according to the author's certificate of the USSR No. 548505 (publ. 28.02.1977 [3]), which contains elastic torus, designed to be attached thereto subject to the movement of goods and is a means of providing a force on the load. For the implementation of the transportation of goods in the pipeline serves under the pressure of the working substance from the side opposite to the desired direction of transportation. Means for supplying a working agent is the pipeline itself. Elastic torus plays the role of a piston which moves under the action of the pressure of the working agent and leads the attached load.

A similar design has the device according to the author's certificate of the USSR No. 1470631 (publ. 07.04.1989 [4]), in which Thor wears profiled insert coated with antifriction material. In the process of movement Thor rolls on the inner surface of the pipe and slides on the surface of the insert.

In both of these devices must be ensured the integrity of the pipeline throughout its parts, which is necessary for transporting cargo. Sealed must be contact between the mentioned e is a partial torus and the inner surface of the pipeline (as in the device according to the author's testimony [4] - between the elastic torus and pasting). However, each device must be capable of load to be transported cargo in the pipeline with the preservation of integrity. It is obvious that the above requirements are difficult to comply with nonconstant diameter of the pipeline and the presence of bends, and loading with subsequent sealing is particularly complex in the open space. In addition, created in the pipeline the pressure of the working agent must ensure affecting elastic Thor force that exceeds that which is necessary for transportation of cargo because we have advanced to overcome the friction of the torus on the surface of the pipe (this is the slightly less friction in the device according to the author's testimony [4]).

Technical solution known from the copyright certificate [4], closest to the proposed invention related to a device for transportation of goods by pipeline.

The invention is related to such device, aimed at the achievement of the technical result consists in the exclusion of the need to ensure the integrity of the pipeline, including the necessary tightness during the loading and the reduction of the required working pressure of the agent.

The proposed device to transport the Finance of goods by pipeline, as the closest known from the copyright certificate [4], provides a means to force action on the transported cargo and means for supplying working agent.

To achieve the technical result of the proposed device, in contrast to the closest known, comprises a cylindrical housing open at one end and closed at the other. Inside the cylindrical body is placed a sleeve of impervious used for working agent film material, having in its original state view of a flat belt, folded zigzag education compact styling. The specified sleeve, which means to force action on the transported cargo, capable in the expanded position to take the form of a cylinder. One end of the sleeve is closed and the other is sealed to the cylindrical housing along the perimeter of the wall. The highway, which is the means for feeding the working agent is connected to the cavity enclosed between the inner surfaces of the sleeve and the cylindrical body.

As can be seen from the above description, the proposed solution does not make the requirements of tightness or to the pipeline or to the device. The sleeve laid and connected to the cylindrical housing in the manner described, during the filling of his work agentomyavlyaetsya in the side of the container, consistently pulling and spreading our new folds. The cargo transportation by pipeline under the influence of the sleeves, her vengeance during the filling of the working agent. When this force is created by a retractable sleeve, must be exactly as what is sufficient to move the load, as there is no need to overcome any more resistance to movement. Therefore, the desired pressure agent may be reduced.

It is advisable this embodiment of the sleeve at which its diameter in the expanded position is not less than the diameter of the pipeline. This limit ensures the possibility of rupture of the sleeve under pressure fills his working agent.

Hose laying zigzag should be performed so that the folds of the sleeves are parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical body, and a fold line perpendicular to this axis. Thus the open end of the sleeve, tightly connected with the cylindrical body along the perimeter of the wall must be worn on the compact styling from the side adjacent to the open end of the cylindrical body. When you move along the pipeline those folds styling that have cracked down on in the process of filling sleeve work agent occurs within the sleeve, without direct contact with the walls of the t is of unaproved.

As a working agent can be used, in particular, the compressed gas. You can also use liquid working agent, such as water supplied from the outside under pressure.

The proposed group of inventions is illustrated by drawings on which is shown:

- figure 1 - schematic layout of the space station with the proposed device for delivery of the container with soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station;

on figure 2, figure 3 and figure 4 - proposed device for delivery of the container with soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station, respectively, a front view, bottom view and left side view;

- figure 5 - the most appropriate execution laying sleeves;

- figure 6 is a device for transportation of goods by pipeline and its use.

The proposed device for delivery of the container with the soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station in the composition of this station, located on the surface of the studied celestial bodies, is shown schematically in figure 1. On this figure: 1 - lander space station, 2 is returned to the Ground level, 3 - lander, 4 - compartment C is the load of the container with soil. Position 5-12 this figure relate to the proposed device: 5 - pipe, 6 - element fastening to the structure of the space station, 7 - fixed bracket (which is also an element of attachment to the construction of the space station), 80 - elements related to the download site and preparation of the container, 9 - site transportation of the container with the soil through a pipeline 10 to a source of compressed gas, 11 - pneumological, 12 - mushotzky valve.

In more detail the design of the device for delivery of the container with the soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station shown in figures 2-5.

The pipe 5 has an input (boot) hole 14 located in its lower part 2, and the outlet 15 for discharging the container with the soil in the compartment 4 lander 3 (figure 1). The pipe 5 has a fastening elements to the design of the space station, one of which is shown in figure 1 (item 6).

The device has other fastening elements, one of which is fixed to the bracket 7, is also used for placement of device nodes.

On the fixed bracket 7 has a swivel arm 8, having an axis of rotation 23 (oriented vertically, as shown in figure 2).

Node 9 transportation of the container through the pipeline and set the priority on the swivel bracket 8. Figure 2 shows the status of the device, in which the node 9 transportation container by pipeline displaced by rotation of the bracket 8 under the pipeline 5 and figures 3 and 4 - state device to rotate the bracket 8.

Node 9 transportation of the container through the pipeline comprises a cylindrical housing 19, open at one end (the top, see figure 2) and having near the end of the free internal space. The other end of the cylindrical body 19 (bottom, see figure 2) is closed. Beside him in the cylindrical housing 19 has a sleeve 20. The sleeve 20 is made of an impermeable film material, preferably of PTFE film) and is in the initial state (before working device) view of a flat belt, folded zigzag education compact styling 41. In this expanded form of a sleeve capable of receiving a cylindrical shape. In order to avoid possible rupture of the sleeve under the pressure of the gas which fills it during operation of the device, it is advisable to choose the diameter of the sleeve 20 in the expanded position is not less than the diameter of the pipeline 5.

One end of the sleeve 20 (top, see figure 2) is closed. The other end (bottom, see figure 2) is open and is sealed to the cylindrical housing along the perimeter of the wall. Figure 2 shows how the end of the straightened (item 21) and soy is inen with the wall of the cylindrical body 19 near the lower end of this shell.

Figure 5 shows a fragment of the cylindrical housing 19 with the sleeve, laid the most appropriate way. In this case, the folds 42 of the sleeve parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical body 19, line 43 of the bend is perpendicular to this axis, and the open end 44 of the sleeve, tightly connected with the cylindrical body 19 along the perimeter of the wall (position 45 figure 5), pre-mounted on compact styling 41 from the side adjacent to the open end of the cylindrical body 19 (i.e. upwards, see figure 5). The cavity 22 that is enclosed between the inner surfaces of the sleeve 20 and the cylindrical body 19, connected by pneumological 11 with a source of compressed gas cylinder 10. Pneumological 11 has mushotzky valve 12.

In the composition mentioned node 80 load and prepare the container includes a manipulation tool, made in the form of the swivel bracket 8, the sleeve 16 is designed to accommodate the container 17 with the ground, and the lid 18 of the container.

The sleeve 16 is installed in the free inner space of the cylindrical body 19 at the top, see figure 2, part) and is provided at its end protruding from the cylindrical body 19, the flange 24. The flange 24 is spring-loaded relative to the cylindrical body 19 of the compressed spring 25. At the opposite (bottom, see figure 2) the end of the sleeve 16 is made inside kolicevo the conical stop 26 for the container 17. The container 17 in the initial state (prior to transportation by pipeline 5) placed inside the sleeve 16. In the initial state, the position of the sleeve 16 together with the container 17 relative to the cylindrical body 19 is fixed with the first piroshki 27. The lid 18 of the container is installed in the hole of the stationary bracket 7 under boot opening pipe 5 and the initial state is fixed with the second piroshki 28. Figure 3 shows that this piracema for better centering of the cover 18 is made of three rods 29, forming an angle of 120° with each other. Equivalent specified is not shown in the drawings the cover in the ring with triple piracema under or above the opening in the stationary bracket 7, coaxially with the pipeline 5, or in such a ring, attached to the edge of the bracket 7. Swivel bracket 8 in the initial state recorded the third piracema 30 (figure 3). This bracket is connected with the rod 32 of the spring plunger 31, the body of which is associated with a fixed bracket 7. Spring plunger 31 is made and installed in such a manner that upon actuation of the third piroshki 30, releasing the swing arm 8, is turning the latter in the position shown in figure 2, in which the cylindrical body 9 and mounted in the sleeve 16 is placed in the container it is 17 am become coaxially with the lid 18 of the container and an inlet opening 14 of the pipe 5.

Means generating control signals supplied to the first 27 and second 28 and third 30 piroshki and mushotzky valve 12 air supply 11, not included in the proposed device are on the space station and have electrical connection with the specified managed device elements.

The proposed device for delivery of the container with the soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station operates and is used as follows.

In the state of the device corresponding to the shown in figure 3 and figure 4, is the loading of the container 17, placed in the sleeve 16 soil samples collected on the surface studied the heavenly bodies.

After the download is complete, the container soil serves a control signal to the third piracema 30, the locking position of the swivel bracket 8. As a result of triggering piroshki 30 is the release of the swivel bracket 8, and under the action of the spring plunger 31 moves to the position of figure 2. This position is ensured by the combination of the longitudinal axis of the container 17 (which is placed in the sleeve 16 that is installed in the cylindrical housing 19), the lid 18 of the container 17 and the loading opening 14 of the pipe 5.

Then, serves a control signal to the first is irocku 27. As a result of triggering this piroshki its stem 38 frees held them the sleeve 16 with the container 17. The sleeve 16 moves under the action of the spring 25 and presses inside the container 17 to the cover 18. In the cover 18 is securely closed container 17 through not shown in the drawings, elements seal and secure the cover 18 on the neck of the container 17.

Continue to serve the control signal to the second piracema 28. The rods 29 this piroshki holding the lid 18 of the container, retract and release the cover along with the close of its container 17, loaded with soil. Since then, the container 17 with the cover 18 is ready for delivery to the compartment 4 of the descent module 3.

After this control signal serves to mushotzky valve 12 air supply 11. Upon actuation of this valve gas from a source of compressed gas cylinder 10 is supplied to the cavity 22, which is contained between the inner surfaces of the sleeve 10 and the cylindrical body 19. The sleeve 10 begins to turn around and moves closed the lid 18 of the container 17 with the ground through the pipeline 5 through before entering the container through the outlet 13 of the pipe 5 into the compartment 4 of the descent module 3 (figure 1).

When the paving 41, shown in figure 5, moving along the pipeline those folds sleeves that have not yet cracked into the process order is of sleeve gas, occurs inside the sleeve, without direct contact with the walls of the pipeline (as opposed to execution, shown in figure 2), which reduces the likelihood of damage.

Elements of fastening the device in question to the construction of the space station is equipped with a pyrotechnic performance and due to their operation separates the device from the space station before the rise of its level returned to Earth.

The proposed device for transportation of goods by pipeline, shown in Fig.6, comprises a cylindrical housing 51 which is open from one end (right, see Fig.6) and closed with the other. Within the cylindrical body 51 posted by sleeve 53 of the impenetrable used for working agent of the film material. The sleeve 53 in the initial state has the form of a flat belt, folded zigzag education compact styling 52 and capable in the expanded position to take the form of a cylinder. In order to avoid possible rupture of the sleeve under pressure the used working agent, which sleeve is filled with the device, it is advisable to choose its diameter in the expanded position is not less than the diameter of the pipeline, which must be transported cargo by using this device.

One end of the sleeve 53 is closed, and the other end is open and gerotechnology with the cylindrical housing along the perimeter of the wall (position 57 figure 6). Figure 6 shows the execution device corresponding to the most appropriate setting sleeve 53. In this case, the folds 58 of the sleeve parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical body 51, line 54 bend is perpendicular to this axis, and the open end 56 of the sleeve, tightly connected with the cylindrical body 51 along the perimeter of the wall (position 57 figure 6), pre-mounted on compact styling 52 from the side adjacent to the open end of the cylindrical body 51 (i.e. to the right, see Fig.6). The cavity 55, enclosed between the inner surfaces of the sleeve 53 and the cylindrical body 51, is connected by line 59 to a source 60 of the working fluid. Highway 59 is operated valve 61.

When using the device open end of the cylindrical body 51 is combined with the inlet pipe 62, which is the transportation of cargo.

Cargo 63, subject to transportation, pre-placed at the beginning of the pipeline 62 or in the free space of the cylindrical body 51 (see Fig.6 - in the right part of it)or at the junction of the pipe 62 and the cylindrical body, as shown in Fig.6. Cargo can be placed as specified as such or pre-placed in the container in which it will be transported (for example, if the cargo is loose). To reduce friction on the walls of the pipeline, the container may be provided with appropriate means, of the type roller or on the surface of the container may be caused to the anti-friction coating.

For the implementation of the transportation of cargo reveal operated valve 61. The working agent from the source 60 by means for supplying working agent - highway 59 is supplied to the cavity 55. The sleeve under pressure working agent begins to kill, and straightened his part moves forward along the cylindrical body 51 and then through the pipeline 66, exerting a force on the transported cargo (or on the container, if the cargo is placed in the container). In the load 63 is moved along the pipeline 62.

Execution laying sleeve 53, shown in Fig.6, has the advantage that the movement along the pipeline 62 folds of the sleeves, which have not yet dealt in the process of filling the working agent is inside the sleeve, without direct contact with the pipe walls, which reduces the likelihood of damage.

As a working agent can be used compressed gas, e.g. air. In this case, the source of 60 working agent can be a compressed gas. You can also use a liquid such as water as a working agent. In this case, the source 60 should contain a means for discharge of fluid in the line 59.

Literature

1. Alicemercer A.L., WMV CENTURIES, IEA I.I. Automatic station for the study of surface cover Lu the s. - M.: Mashinostroenie, 1976, p.51-71.

2. The patent of Russian Federation №2045454, publ. 10.10.1992.

3. USSR author's certificate No. 548505, publ. 28.02.1977.

4. USSR author's certificate No. 1470631, publ. 07.04.1989.

1. Device for delivery of the container with soil studied the heavenly bodies in lander returned to the Ground level space station containing the manipulation tool and the fastening elements to the design of the space station, characterized in that it is provided with a tubing having inlet opening and an aperture for discharge of the container with the soil in the specified lander, site transportation of the container through the pipeline, as well as the download site and preparation of the container and part of the last node are specified manipulation tool, made in the form of a swivel bracket mounted on the fixed bracket, which is the element of the fastening device to the design of the space station, sleeve, designed for placing the container and the lid of the container, this site transportation of the container through the pipeline is installed on the swivel bracket and comprises a cylindrical housing open at one end and having near the end of the free internal space, and the other end of the cylindrical body is closed, and near him inside the cyl is dicesaro housing sleeve of the gas-tight film material, with the initial condition a view of a flat belt, folded zigzag education compact styling and capable in the expanded position to take the form of a cylinder with a diameter less than the diameter of the pipe, and one end of the sleeve is closed, another opened and hermetically connected with the cylindrical housing along the perimeter wall, and a cavity enclosed between the inner surfaces of the sleeve and the cylindrical body, connected by pneumological with pocketcache valve, a compressed gas source, the sleeve is designed to accommodate the container is installed in the free inner space of the cylindrical body and is provided at its end protruding from a cylindrical body, a flange, a spring-loaded relative to the cylindrical body, while the opposite end is made inside the sleeve annular stop for the container, in the initial state of the specified position of the sleeve together with the container relative to the cylindrical body is fixed with the first piroshki, cover the container is installed in the hole of the stationary bracket below the charging hole of the pipe and in the initial state is fixed with the second piroshki, swivel bracket in the initial state recorded the third piracema and provided with a spring loaded plunger which, made with the possibility of turning this bracket after tripping this piroshki and summing mounted on the swivel bracket site transportation of the container through the pipeline together with the sleeve and the container under the lid of the container.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the diameter of the sleeve in the expanded position is not less than the diameter of the pipeline.

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the folds of the sleeves in a compact stacking parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical body, and a fold line perpendicular to this axis, with the open end of the sleeve, tightly connected with the cylindrical body along the perimeter of the wall, put on compact styling from the side adjacent to the open end of the cylindrical body.

4. Device for the transportation of goods by pipeline, containing means to force action on the transported goods and the means for supplying the working agent, characterized in that it comprises a cylindrical housing open at one end and closed at the other, inside a cylindrical housing sleeve of impervious used for working agent film material, having in its original state view of a flat belt, folded zigzag education compact styling, which is the means of power and control is about the impact of transported cargo, moreover, one end of the sleeve is closed and the other opened and hermetically connected with the cylindrical body along the perimeter of the wall and the highway, which is the means for feeding the working agent is connected to the cavity enclosed between the inner surfaces of the sleeve and the cylindrical body.

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the working medium is compressed gas.

6. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the working medium is supplied under pressure to the liquid.

7. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the diameter of the sleeve in the expanded position is not less than the diameter of the pipeline.

8. Device according to any one of claims 4 to 6, characterized in that the folds of the sleeves in a compact stacking parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical body, and a fold line perpendicular to this axis, with the open end of the sleeve, tightly connected with the cylindrical body along the perimeter of the wall, put on compact styling from the side adjacent to the open end of the cylindrical body.

9. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that the diameter of the sleeve in the expanded position is not less than the diameter of the pipeline.



 

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5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: device contains the main pipeline with extreme sides furnished with working platforms for loading of cargo containers, and a drive to accelerate and decelerate the movement of cargo containers interjointed by couplers to make a train. The working platform represents manifold accommodating cargo containers. The mentioned drive represents locomotives, each furnished with a propeller for forcing air, and representing a casing housing two capsules, fitted one into another with a gap filled with heat-insulation material. The container body casing edges feature supports and seals with perforation made there between. The container casing inner spaces communicate between themselves all along the train with the locomotive propeller rotation zone to create an air cushion. The manifold end is provided with control gate and safety valve, while is end is furnished with two turbojet propulsors. One of them is intended for start the train, the other one moves the first propulsor into the manifold start part.

EFFECT: increased volume and speed of transporting oil products in main lines.

3 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: transport facility includes an air tube, where a piston is installed and fitted with permanent magnets on the sides, and a platform linked to a semicylinder carrying permanent magnets interacting with the piston permanent magnets. Reservoirs with compressed air supplied by compressors energised from the mains can supply compressed air into the air tube even in case of power cutoff.

EFFECT: environmentally friendly transport facility, high operational reliability.

4 dwg

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to transport equipment for transportation of items by non-contact method in production systems of transportation on air cushion. Pneumatic conveyor with stabilised thickness of air cushion contains pneumatic chamber, bearing surface with rectangular openings with movable plates installed in them. Movable plates are installed with the possibility of turn around axes that are located along opposite walls of rectangular openings and are equipped with limiting plates and walls. Movable plates together with walls of pneumatic chamber, limiting plates and fixed limiting walls fastened under bearing surface create cavities that are equipped with openings that connect these cavities to atmosphere.

EFFECT: design simplification, reduction of power inputs and increase of reliability.

4 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used at enterprises with stringent requirements to control over air-cushion products motion, at those with higher explosion and fire risks, as well as in jet flow control systems. The pneumatic conveyor incorporates a pneumatic chamber with its upper horizontal wall furnished with slot holes made perpendicular to the wall lengthwise axial line. Movable plates connected by bimetallic plates and hinged with the upper horizontal wall are arranged parallel to the said slot holes, the said bimetallic plates being rectilinear under normal conditions and connected to the current power source for current to flow through their juncture.

EFFECT: higher performances of the pneumatic conveyor.

7 dwg

FIELD: system and method for printing and delivery of printed materials, applicable for quick delivery of printed materials at considerable distances.

SUBSTANCE: the given system has receiving-dispatching stations connected by a transmission pipe-line, at least one of the stations in connected by a branch pipe to a container keeping device and a packing device. The packing device input is connected to the printer output chute connected to the computer, the printer has a controller connected to the receiving-dispatching station via a data transmission channel. The container device is made for issue of the container to the branch pipe. The packing device is connected to the branch pipe and the printer chute, it is made for packing the printed sheets in the container, closing of the container by a cover and delivery of the container to the receiving-dispatching station under the control of the printer controller. The printer controller is made for transmission of the destination data to the receiving-dispatching station, which in its turn, is made for reception of the destination data and transmission of the container with printed sheets through the transportation pipe-line to the other receiving-dispatching station according to the destination data.

EFFECT: reduced labor content and time of delivery of printed materials due to provision of an automatic transport of the printed materials from the printer to the container of the receiving-dispatching station of the pneumatic mail system, the privacy of the material printed on a composite printer is provided.

8 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: forest industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comes to creation of controlled liquid flow by interaction of two rows of drowned streams of liquid building counter-pressure to flow of section located above. Floating objects of first section are entrained by controlled flow and directed to pass hole, and their free passing to second higher located section and further transportation from pass hole is provided.

EFFECT: simplified method of lifting of round wood (floating objects) from first section to second section at considerable reduction of expenses and no adverse effect on surrounding medium.

1 dwg

FIELD: packing and bottling.

SUBSTANCE: invention is aimed at provision of guaranteed minimum of microbiological contamination of packages and zones of bottling preventing degradation of packed product and increasing its storage life, mechanization and automation of process of disinfection and carrying out disinfection at minimum labor input, limitation of expenses and negative ecological effects after traditional disinfection with use of chemical reagents, and reduction of power consumption for transfer of bottles.. According to proposed method, empty bottle transfer is combined with operations of sterilization, neutralization and preservation of sterility of bottles proper and surrounding air. All these operations are carried out in sealed working space using accumulating hopper for empty bottles and transporting tube. Empty bottles are sterilized in accumulating hopper and ozone is neutralized, and then empty bottles are transported using cleaned sterile compressed air along tube into bottling zone. Work is carried out by system of automatic control and regulation of two closed gas circuits, namely, sterilization and transportation ones, excluding influence of ozone onto air in bottling zone and product under bottling.

EFFECT: improved quality and increased service life of bottled product.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for handling articles with high quality of surface finish and it can be used in enterprises with high requirements to dust loading and noise, explosion-and-fire hazard plants and in ventilation systems. Supply nozzle of pneumatic conveyor has working and intake chambers arranged at a distance from each other whose adjacent walls are provided with slots forming channel of outlet hole. Control channel is made in outlet hole channel wall from side of intake chamber whose inlet and outlet sections are located near inlet and outlet sections of outlet hole channel.

EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability and enlarged range of type-sizes of articles transported simultaneously.

6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to orientation of spacecraft and its purpose-designed hardware. Both proposed method and device rules out inertial masses (rotors, flywheels) traditionally used in inertial actuators and incorporate them with structural components of spacecraft with maintenance systems. Note here that purpose-designed hardware is suspended to spacecraft structural components. Drives of said actuators and angle transducers are arranged on axes of suspension to move there along. Structural components are moved from the centre of mass of spacecraft and from the centre of purpose-designed hardware suspension. Then both said centres are aligned. Thus, maximum moments of inertia of said structural components are created and spacecraft lengthwise axis is located in position of stable equilibrium (along local vertical). Accumulated kinetic moment is defined from parametres of angular motion of purpose-designed hardware and spacecraft structural elements. Control signals are generated for inertial mass drives and kinetic moment reset system to allow required variation of aforesaid parametres of angular motion. Proposed device, for example, strapdown inertial control system comprises kinetic moment reset system. Computer and angular speed transducers connected thereto. There are also the drive of spacecraft structural elements with aforesaid suspension accommodating purpose-designed hardware moving relative to said structural elements, angle transducers and drives of inertial actuators.

EFFECT: reduced weight and power consumption, higher accuracy and speed of orientation.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Rocket booster // 2412871

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates aerospace engineering, namely, to design of rocket boosters. Rocket booster comprises housing consisting of top adapter with metal environment, central adapter, bottom adapter, oxidiser and fuel tanks, intertank frame, sustainer and engines of stabilisation, orientation and launching that have low-thrust engine units. Top adapter accommodates instrumentation frame with its top bulkhead supporting spacecraft. Instrumentation frame accommodates containers with control system instrumentation, chemical current source, thermal control system, telemetry system and antenna-feeder devices. Thermal control system pipelines are connected to instrumentation containers to feed carrier to thermal control appliances for instrumentation. Thermal control system comprises plug-in joint arranged on bottom adapter to connect ground heat carrier feed devices and pipelines to withdraw heat from instrumentation in preparation of booster for launching. Pipelines are secured on fuel tank, intertank frame, top adapter and instrumentation frame. Radiant heat exchanger is made up of metal environment of top adapter whereto heat is fed vie thermal control pipelines rigidly attached thereto. Central adapter accommodates fittings to secure locks of nose cone separation from booster and brackets to secure nose cone flap turn assemblies after operation of separation locks. Low-thrust engines arranged on fuel tank lower bottom additionally comprise increased thrust overload nozzles to allow fuel components feed to tank intakes to launch booster sustainer at minimum stock of fuel in final stage of its operation.

EFFECT: improved weight-and-power characteristics of proposed booster.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rod (tubular) space structures made up telescoping flexible transformable elements (TFCR). The latter comprise spring tape 1 with parallel edges 6, 7 coiled, in transport position of the element, onto reel 2. One edge of flat tape is regularly perforated 3 while opposite edge has T-like tabs (not shown), each with crosspiece and foot. TFCR incorporates mandrels 15 and 16 for producing tubular section to allow said tabs to be applied onto perforations 3 on unwinding tape 1 from reel 2. Tape 1 is drawn though mandrels is performed by toothed roller 22. Roller teeth embed tab crosspieces into perforations 3 to produce lock joint of tape edges. To wind TCFR, there is idle roller 32 to push aforesaid crosspieces from perforations 3 on winding spring tape onto reel.

EFFECT: reliable TFCS drive, sufficient stiffness in unwound position.

6 cl, 6 dwg

Rocket booster // 2412088

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates aerospace engineering, namely, to design of rocket boosters. Proposed booster comprises housing consisting of top adapter, medium adapter and bottom adapter, oxidiser tank with main bulkheads and intake device, fuel tank, intertank frame, sustainer, instrumentation thermostatic control devices, extra self-contained propulsion unit of orientation and launching operated on high-boiling toxic components. Top adapter accommodates instrumentation frame with its top bulkhead supporting spacecraft. Instrumentation frame accommodates control system instruments, chemical current source, instrumentation thermal control devices, telemetry system with feeders. Instrumentation containers are communicated via pipeline with fuel tank. Kerosene is used as heat carrier, while thermal control appliance have their outlet communicated by return pipeline with fuel tank. After thermal control of instruments, kerosene of forced back into fuel tank to be used as propulsion unit fuel, while auxiliary orientation and launching propulsion unit uses main fuel components: kerosene and gaseous oxygen. During flight, charging by gaseous oxygen is carried out via charging pipeline that communicates sustainer with auxiliary propulsion unit. Kerosene flows into extra propulsion unit via fuel pipeline communicating fuel tank with extra propulsion unit. Oxidiser tank inner space, in the area of intake device, has additional bulkheads. Intake device supports hydraulic lock turret to allow oxidiser collection into intake device area to start sustainer at minimum fuel consumption at final stage of booster operation.

EFFECT: improved weight-and-power characteristics of proposed booster.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: permanent connection consists of tip in form of bushing with tail piece at one end and face circular slot at another and of tubular element out of composite material fixed in slot of tip by means of glue. In whole length of the tip there are made axial slots forming pairs of leaves each including an internal and external leaves drawn to corresponding surface of the tubular element by means of radial fixing elements; also, the slots divide the tip into sectors. A transit bushing with the tail piece on one end and the face circular slot on another is inserted into the connection; the tail piece of each sector is installed in the circular face slot of the transit bushing with an internal and external gap relative to walls of the slot by means of radial fixture elements; the tail piece slides relative to these elements. The tail piece of each sector can be equipped with a spherical insertion in the point of radial fixture element location.

EFFECT: increased operational stability of design.

2 cl, 5 dwg

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