Hydraulic wave rod core electric generator

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: device includes floating housing (1) maintaining its constant position relative to vertical plane at any rise and fall of waves, vertical rod (2) attached to housing with magnet (3) fixed inside the rod, float (4) arranged on rod with possibility of back-and-forth movement along the rod, core (5) attached to the float and around the cross section of which there is winding (b). Device is resistant to storm since horizontal waves freely pass through frame housing and flow around floats of the device; the quantity of materials for manufacture of the device is considerably decreased, which is essential for economic constituent of manufacture, besides the serviceability of the device is achieved, which influences on the reduction of cost of the received electric energy, namely at its being used at objects of commercial manufacture of sea and nearshore location.

EFFECT: providing effective generation of electric energy on waves of any length irrespective of speed of vertical wave movement; composite elements are not used in the design, and as a result, high operating reliability of the device is reached, absence of rotating parts and lubricating oils provides improvement of ecological characteristics of the device, and mobile floating housing allows transporting the device by water.

21 cl, 8 dwg

 

The device relates to hydropower, in particular the production of electricity by converting the energy vertical agitation of the water into electrical energy.

Known buoy wave generator [1], comprising a magnetic core attached to the bottom surface of the buoy with the vertical reciprocating motion of the wave. Magnetic core movably mounted magnet coil, the movement of which the magnetic core is limited, and the coil holding a fixed position under the water by installed around her flat horizontal panels, which increases the resistance of the water when the reciprocating movement of the core.

Known wave power plant [2], containing two-piece frame, the upright of which is fastened the upper and lower bases are guides placed in the lower section of the frame of the float is capable of reciprocating vertical movement, and in the upper section of which is an energy Converter. The power Converter includes one or combining several long stroke linear electric generators with generating cores with permanent magnets, the axis of which is made of a nonmagnetic material with the possibility of the TP the back-and-forth movement within the annular inductive coil, rigidly connected together by a common flanges, attached to the end of the transfer rod rigidly connected to the float.

Known float wave generator [3], comprising a floating body with straight vertical channel, the stator windings are made on the inner wall of the vertical channel, and a core with a permanent magnet placed inside a vertical channel with a vertical reciprocating motion relative to the stator winding. This solution is chosen as the prototype.

A significant disadvantage of the prototype is that at low speed vertical motion of the waves the energy of the vertical agitation of the water is not converted into electrical energy, as in the slow passage of the magnet inside the coil does not occur electric current. In addition, the water passing through the vertical channel, loses the initial vertical velocity, the wave amplitude in the vertical channel decreases, which negatively affects the performance of power generation. Because horizontal waves do not pass through the body, the device does not have starostlivostou. Also a disadvantage is that moving under the influence of vertical agitation of the water element is a magnet. At sufficiently close to the location of the active ingredient is x or more vertical channels, that is logical in the industrial application of the device, the magnets inside the vertical channels, interact with each other, which affects the acceleration of the movement of the cores within the vertical channels and, accordingly, the performance of electric power generation. To create a device requires a large amount of material, which increases the cost of manufacture of the device and the cost of electricity obtained.

The objectives of the proposed device are implementation of efficient electricity generation on the waves of any length, regardless of the speed of vertical movement of the waves, the performance increase site energy conversion, increasing stormontgate and reliability of the device, maintaining the ecological characteristics of the device, as well as the achievement of mobility, ease of manufacture, ease of maintenance and reduce the cost of electricity obtained.

Problems are solved as follows. To the floating frame (holding a permanent position relative to the vertical in any heavy water, is fixed to the vertical rod. The rod is placed with the possibility of reciprocating motion along the float rod attached to the float core, around the cross the wow section which made the winding. The magnet should be fixed inside the vertical rod so that when the float to move along the vertical rod core performs a reciprocating motion relative to the magnet. The core can be made having a W-shaped and attached to the float top in the direction of the vertical rod. The core can be made with U-shaped and attached to the float top in the direction of the vertical rod. The core must be attached to the float with a minimum clearance between the core and the vertical rod with the possible exception of the touch core with magnet. To float around a horizontal cross-section of the rod can be secured in two or more core. The float device can be performed with a rounded shape and is placed on the rod with the vertical guides precluding rotation of the float around the vertical axis. The terminal device may be placed within the vertical through holes made in the float. This core may be made within the float along the vertical through hole, and the through hole of the float and the rod having a circular cross-section in the horizontal plane. At the upper end and/or lower end of the vertical rod device is VA can be installed limiter, made with the possibility of exceptions to output float beyond the rod end, which has a limiter. The limiter can be attached elastic element against the hard touch of the float with limiter. Hull weight and the float must be selected sufficient to overcome the resistance of the electrical field produced by the reciprocating movement of the float along the vertical rod and the passage of the core along the magnet. The device may be made in the form of at least three floating bodies fastened to each other in one plane. To the lower part of the structure can be attached goods, made with the possibility of exceptions rolling plane placement of the floating bodies of the hull in any heavy water. The device may be made in the form of a floating body and cargo fixed to the floating body to hold the floating body is in a constant vertical position whenever the water is disturbed. The load may be in the form of at least three vertical blades. In any part of the structure can be installed node conversion of electrical energy. From any part of the design can be output cable connected to the object transformation, consumption or accumulation of electric is practical energy. The housing can be secured, at least one vertical rod with at least one fixed inside the rod magnet and the rod is placed with the possibility of reciprocating movement along the rod, at least one float with at least one fixed to the float core, around the cross-section of which is made of at least one winding. The float may be placed on two or more vertical rods with the possibility of reciprocating movement along the rods.

The proposed device comprises a floating body made holding a permanent position relative to the vertical in any heavy water, is fixed to the housing vertical rod mounted inside the rod magnet placed on the rod with the possibility of reciprocating motion along the float rod fixed to the float core made around the cross-section of the core winding, and a magnet fixed inside the vertical rod so that when the float to move along the vertical rod core performs a reciprocating motion relative to the magnet.

Figure 1 shows the General view of the proposed device. Figure 1-8 shows the schematic of the device containing the floating body 1), vertical rod (2) with magnet (3), float (4), core (5) with the coil (6). Figure 1-4 shows the schematic of the device containing the core, made with W-shaped. Figure 5-8 shows the schematic of the device containing the core is made with a U-shape. In figure 1, 2, 5, 6 shows the schematic of the device, the body of which is made in the form of four floating bodies fastened to each other in one plane. Figure 3, 4, 7, 8 shows the schematic of the device, the body of which is made in the form of a floating body and cargo fixed to the floating body. In figures 1, 3, 5, 7 shows a longitudinal section of the device of figure 2, 4, 6, 8 shows a view of the device from above.

The device operates as follows. The presence of waves float (4) acquires a variety of acceleration along the vertical rod (2). When this is fixed to the float valve core (5) makes a reciprocating motion relative to the fixed inside the rod magnet (3). As a result, the winding (6), made around the cross-section of the core, there is an electric current that is supplied to the object transformation, consumption or accumulation of electrical energy.

In comparison with the known technical solutions, the effect is as follows. In design does not use complex elements such as a lever, pump, and so on, resulting in istihaada high reliability of the device. The absence of rotating parts and lubricants involves improving the environmental performance of the device. Mobile floating body allows the transport device through the water.

Unlike the prototype, the proposed device has several advantages. Allows efficient generation of electricity on the waves of any length, regardless of the speed of vertical motion of waves. Horizontal waves pass freely through the frame body and squish around the floats, which increases stormontgate device. For the fabrication of device requires significantly less materials, which is important for the economic component of production. Due to the use of core winding is achieved by improving the efficiency of each magnet. In addition, the weight attached to the float core with winding enables the generation of additional electricity when the movement of the float along the vertical rod down. Achieved ease of maintenance the device, affecting the reduction in the cost of electricity obtained.

The proposed device allows you to provide power for industrial production of marine and coastal based.

Sources of information

1. Patent US 2004061338, 2004

2. Patent for useful model RU 8844, 2009

3. Patent for useful model RU 69932, 2007

1. Hydrowave generator containing a floating frame (holding a permanent position relative to the vertical in any heavy water, characterized in that the housing is fixed to the vertical rod mounted inside the rod magnet and the rod is placed with the possibility of reciprocating motion along the float rod attached to the float core, around a cross-section which is made from a coil, and a magnet fixed inside the vertical rod so that when the float to move along the vertical rod core performs a reciprocating motion relative to the magnet.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the core is made with a W-shaped and attached to the float top in the direction of the vertical rod.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the core is made with U-shaped and attached to the float top in the direction of the vertical rod.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the core is attached to the float with a minimum clearance between the core and the vertical rod with the possible exception of the touch core with a magnet.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that float around Gori is analnogo pepper-section of the rod has two or more core.

6. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the float is made with a rounded shape.

7. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the float is placed on the rod with the vertical guides precluding rotation of the float around the vertical axis.

8. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the rod is placed inside the vertical through holes made in the float.

9. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that the core is made inside of the float along the vertical through holes.

10. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that the through hole of the float and rod have a circular cross-section in the horizontal plane.

11. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that at the upper end and/or lower end of the vertical rod has a limiter made with the possibility of exceptions to output float beyond the rod end, which has a limiter.

12. The device according to claim 11, characterized in that the limiter attached elastic element against the hard touch of the float with limiter.

13. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the mass of the body and the float is selected sufficient to overcome the resistance of the electrical field produced by the reciprocating movement of the float along the vertical starinai the passage of the core along the magnet.

14. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the casing as at least three floating bodies fastened to each other in one plane.

15. The device according to 14, wherein the lower part of the structure attached goods, made with the possibility of exceptions rolling plane placement of the floating bodies of the hull in any heavy water.

16. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the casing is made in the form of a floating body and cargo fixed to the floating body to hold the floating body is in a constant vertical position whenever the water is disturbed.

17. The device according to item 16, characterized in that the shipment is made in the form, at least three vertical blades.

18. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that in any part of the structure node is installed, the electrical energy conversion.

19. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that from any part of the structure shown cable connected with the object of transformation, consumption or accumulation of electrical energy.

20. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the enclosure fixed in at least one vertical rod with at least one fixed inside the rod magnet and the rod is placed with the possibility of reciprocating movement along the rod, at least one float with, less is th least one attached to the float core, around the cross-section of which is made of at least one winding.

21. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the float is placed on two or more vertical rods with the possibility of reciprocating movement along the rods.



 

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