Auger plant for production of peat

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises auger with cutting tool installed on it and planetary reducer. Auger is placed into jacket with longitudinal ledges on inner surface, rotating with the help of planetary reducer in the opposite direction relative to direction of auger rotation, besides, torque to auger and external jacket is sent from single drive.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of broken mineral transportation process.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of methods and devices development quarrying, namely, devices for the development of peat and torphichen deposits mainly in the frozen state.

A device for extraction of sapropel (patent RU 2230856). The disadvantage of this invention is that its intake the body is made of at least three sections, connected by a flexible transmission. Each link has three augers of different diameters connected by a remote rods through the sleeves, which complicates the design.

A device for subsea soil (utility model RU 73354), in which production is only water saturated soil.

There is a method of production of milled peat (patent RU 2150003). A significant disadvantage of this and similar devices is the inability to use when developing frozen peat deposits.

Also known device for auger boring (utility model EN 59113), which includes a support frame with the driven rotator, the rotator, the feed mechanism, the longitudinal grooves on the helix auger drill. The disadvantage of this model is the complexity of the design.

The prototype of this setup is the invention (patent RU 97100424). The disadvantage of this device lies in its complexity, because the design uses a lot of friction and rolling.

The technical result of the proposed device is the use of a more simple design, which allows the development of peat and torphichen deposits in frozen condition.

The technical result is achieved in that the device for peat extraction contains screw has mounted on the cutting tool and a planetary gear. According to the invention the screw is placed in the casing with the longitudinal protrusions on the inner surface of rotating by means of the planetary gear in the opposite direction relative to the direction of screw rotation and torque to the screw and the outer jacket is transferred from one drive.

Device for peat extraction contains (1): screw 1, the casing 2, the discharge aperture 3, the planetary gear 4, the cutting tool 5 and the protrusions 6.

In the process of production, the drive transmits torque to the cutting tool 5 and the casing 2 through the planetary gear 4. Thus leads the casing 2 in protivobloshinye with the screw 1. Destroyed minerals by means of the screw 1 is transported up and through the discharge hole 3 is removed from device.

Installation on the inner surface of the casing 2 longitudinal ridges can increase the resistance forces destroyed minerals on neglecting the inner surface of the housing, which beings the NGOs increases the efficiency of the transportation process destroyed fossil.

Further increases the efficiency of the transportation process destroyed the mineral is achieved by increasing the velocity of the relative movement of the screw 1 and the casing 2 due to the rotation of the casing 2 in the direction opposite to rotation of the screw 1. While significantly simplifying the design there is achieved that the transmission of torque to the screw 1 and the casing 2 through the planetary gear 4 with one of the drive device.

Device for peat extraction, containing the screw has mounted on the cutting tool and a planetary gear, wherein the screw is placed in the casing with the longitudinal protrusions on the inner surface of rotating by means of the planetary gear in the opposite direction relative to the direction of screw rotation and torque to the screw and the outer jacket is transferred from one drive.



 

Same patents:

Matrix for moulding // 2379516

FIELD: mining engineering.

SUBSTANCE: matrix for moulding contains contains casing, which, according to the invention, is implemented as divided. Divided casing contains external and internal parts, located co-axial with ability of free motion in axial direction relative to each other and forming annular slot. Two parts of casing are connected to each other by screws, herewith between heads of screws and external casing there are installed springs, which overlaps annular slot at absence of solution pressure in feeding system of binding additive.

EFFECT: simplification of moulding of as damp, as and dry materials, ensured by friction reduction.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to method of excavation of garden or fuel peat. Peat is extracted from a bog, is transported from the bog at a distance to a drying field, whereon transported peat is dried with the use mainly of direct solar energy so, that peat is being dried under influence of solar radiation and wind. When peat is dried, it is transferred from the drying place for further use or storing. The said drying field is made in form of specially leveled field, in essence not permeable to water and accommodated for drying; peat is spread on the field in form of a thin layer of 1-15 cm thickness of high consistent mass with contents of solid substance of 8-30%.

EFFECT: creating method and equipment which facilitate more efficient use of peat bogs with their banks without producing dust, noise and harmful effect to rivers.

17 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: mining industry, possible use in peat industry for extracting peat at non-dried, natural peat deposits.

SUBSTANCE: complex for extracting mineral resources, peat in particular, contains a lift with a winch for raising and deepening working organ in form of a system of coaxially positioned upper and internal pipes, the latter being connected to hydro-monitor in lower part, slurry pipelines, drilling plant containing diesel plant, high pressure forcing pump. Complex is also provided with water intake pump having pipeline tubing and connected to slurry pipeline by vacuum pump. Platform is made in form of a pontoon and connected by rigid connection to off-road rig, and on it high pressure forcing pump, diesel plant, vacuum pump are mounted and interconnected, and additional pipes are positioned for drilling the well and extending the slurry pipeline. Working organ is provided with peat intake connected to external pipe, which is positioned above the hydro-monitor, and has radially made apertures along whole perimeter with diameter not less than 15 mm, hydro-monitor being made in form of conical tip, perforated across whole surface, with diameter of apertures not more than 3 mm, while external pipe through the vacuum pump is connected to the slurry pipeline.

EFFECT: lowered costs, ensured ecological safety, increased reliability, shorter times needed to launch areas into operation, extended peat extraction season and transition to year-round production.

5 dwg

FIELD: open-pit mining for obtaining peat.

SUBSTANCE: method involves prior dewatering peat deposit; serially excavating peat from separate zones for depth equal to peat deposit thickness; installing caisson with watertight walls to isolate zone having volume equal to that of caisson from remainder peat deposit; pumping out water from peat deposit zone isolated by caisson to dewater peat inside caisson; removing peat from caisson along with retaining of cut upper horizontal ground forming layer; taking out caisson from excavated zone and diverting water from adjacent zones to above excavated zone; filling hole created in place of previous caisson location with cut upper horizontal ground-forming layer; reinstalling caisson in adjacent zone and repeating above peat production operations.

EFFECT: increased output due to reduced time of prior peat deposit dewatering, reduced peat drying time due to production of peat mass having lesser moisture content and possibility to maintain natural water balance of surrounding territory.

Milling cutter // 2253016

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has frame, front and back supporting rollers, cutter with working elements in form of thin plates placed along spiral line, forming apparatus, drive. Edges of thin plate of working elements are made in form of parabolic curve. Plates of working elements are made even, slanted and, in turns, rotated in opposite directions. Back support roller is mounted on side holders of front portion of forming apparatus.

EFFECT: higher quality.

8 dwg

FIELD: drying equipment engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has frame with frontal and backward rotary support rollers, sole with groove on surface and heaters placed therein. Device is provided with mechanism for vertical displacement of soil, placed between ends of frame and sole, on running surface of rollers ball-like shelves are placed in staggered order. Vertical displacement mechanism is made of guide with post, held on the middle of each frame end, and of screw positioned on guide aperture, having two nuts, on sole surface groove is made along shape of common sine curve in form of even size portions serially placed one after the other along and symmetrically to longitudinal axis of sole. One nut is set on screw above said guide and made in form of hub and wheel placed below it, rigidly interconnected by rods, and other nut is set on screw below the guide. Size of ball-like shelves, length and width of sole are determined from mathematical formulae.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

11 dwg

The invention relates to the field of study of rocks and can be used to determine the stresses acting in the rock

The invention relates to machines for cutting through the cracks in the peat deposits and can be used in land reclamation for slotted drainage of peat-bog soils with charcoal inclusions and localization of fires by cutting to the mineral soil cracks in the peat deposits

The invention relates to the extraction of peat mainly for agricultural purposes in the areas of sustainable freezing peat deposits

Frazier // 2193663
The invention relates to a device for milling peat deposits, in particular for milling drums used in the turf industry

FIELD: drying equipment engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has frame with frontal and backward rotary support rollers, sole with groove on surface and heaters placed therein. Device is provided with mechanism for vertical displacement of soil, placed between ends of frame and sole, on running surface of rollers ball-like shelves are placed in staggered order. Vertical displacement mechanism is made of guide with post, held on the middle of each frame end, and of screw positioned on guide aperture, having two nuts, on sole surface groove is made along shape of common sine curve in form of even size portions serially placed one after the other along and symmetrically to longitudinal axis of sole. One nut is set on screw above said guide and made in form of hub and wheel placed below it, rigidly interconnected by rods, and other nut is set on screw below the guide. Size of ball-like shelves, length and width of sole are determined from mathematical formulae.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

11 dwg

Milling cutter // 2253016

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has frame, front and back supporting rollers, cutter with working elements in form of thin plates placed along spiral line, forming apparatus, drive. Edges of thin plate of working elements are made in form of parabolic curve. Plates of working elements are made even, slanted and, in turns, rotated in opposite directions. Back support roller is mounted on side holders of front portion of forming apparatus.

EFFECT: higher quality.

8 dwg

FIELD: open-pit mining for obtaining peat.

SUBSTANCE: method involves prior dewatering peat deposit; serially excavating peat from separate zones for depth equal to peat deposit thickness; installing caisson with watertight walls to isolate zone having volume equal to that of caisson from remainder peat deposit; pumping out water from peat deposit zone isolated by caisson to dewater peat inside caisson; removing peat from caisson along with retaining of cut upper horizontal ground forming layer; taking out caisson from excavated zone and diverting water from adjacent zones to above excavated zone; filling hole created in place of previous caisson location with cut upper horizontal ground-forming layer; reinstalling caisson in adjacent zone and repeating above peat production operations.

EFFECT: increased output due to reduced time of prior peat deposit dewatering, reduced peat drying time due to production of peat mass having lesser moisture content and possibility to maintain natural water balance of surrounding territory.

FIELD: mining industry, possible use in peat industry for extracting peat at non-dried, natural peat deposits.

SUBSTANCE: complex for extracting mineral resources, peat in particular, contains a lift with a winch for raising and deepening working organ in form of a system of coaxially positioned upper and internal pipes, the latter being connected to hydro-monitor in lower part, slurry pipelines, drilling plant containing diesel plant, high pressure forcing pump. Complex is also provided with water intake pump having pipeline tubing and connected to slurry pipeline by vacuum pump. Platform is made in form of a pontoon and connected by rigid connection to off-road rig, and on it high pressure forcing pump, diesel plant, vacuum pump are mounted and interconnected, and additional pipes are positioned for drilling the well and extending the slurry pipeline. Working organ is provided with peat intake connected to external pipe, which is positioned above the hydro-monitor, and has radially made apertures along whole perimeter with diameter not less than 15 mm, hydro-monitor being made in form of conical tip, perforated across whole surface, with diameter of apertures not more than 3 mm, while external pipe through the vacuum pump is connected to the slurry pipeline.

EFFECT: lowered costs, ensured ecological safety, increased reliability, shorter times needed to launch areas into operation, extended peat extraction season and transition to year-round production.

5 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to method of excavation of garden or fuel peat. Peat is extracted from a bog, is transported from the bog at a distance to a drying field, whereon transported peat is dried with the use mainly of direct solar energy so, that peat is being dried under influence of solar radiation and wind. When peat is dried, it is transferred from the drying place for further use or storing. The said drying field is made in form of specially leveled field, in essence not permeable to water and accommodated for drying; peat is spread on the field in form of a thin layer of 1-15 cm thickness of high consistent mass with contents of solid substance of 8-30%.

EFFECT: creating method and equipment which facilitate more efficient use of peat bogs with their banks without producing dust, noise and harmful effect to rivers.

17 cl, 11 dwg

Matrix for moulding // 2379516

FIELD: mining engineering.

SUBSTANCE: matrix for moulding contains contains casing, which, according to the invention, is implemented as divided. Divided casing contains external and internal parts, located co-axial with ability of free motion in axial direction relative to each other and forming annular slot. Two parts of casing are connected to each other by screws, herewith between heads of screws and external casing there are installed springs, which overlaps annular slot at absence of solution pressure in feeding system of binding additive.

EFFECT: simplification of moulding of as damp, as and dry materials, ensured by friction reduction.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises auger with cutting tool installed on it and planetary reducer. Auger is placed into jacket with longitudinal ledges on inner surface, rotating with the help of planetary reducer in the opposite direction relative to direction of auger rotation, besides, torque to auger and external jacket is sent from single drive.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of broken mineral transportation process.

2 dwg

FIELD: ecology.

SUBSTANCE: peat fields floating in water areas of the water-storage reservoir are cut into blocks with sizes of sides of 2040 m with thin water jet under a pressure of 120-150 at and the range of 20-25 m, which is obtained by means of hydraulic monitor installed on the floating platform with attached equipment.

EFFECT: higher cleaning efficiency of water-storage reservoirs from floating peat fields.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: in the method to mine gravel deposits, including contouring of balance reserves by data of exploration wells, opening of a sand bed, performance of opening and production works, after contouring of balance reserves the opening works are carried out with solid transverse trips into a dump to the level of the maximum elevation of the balance reserves contour. Production works are started by slabbing with a bulldozer in the area of the maximum elevation of the balance reserves contour with transportation of sands into a mined space. Each subsequent lifting of the balance reserves contour is mined in the similar manner, peats located between lifts of the balance reserves contour are transported through slabbing with secondary displacement into the dump.

EFFECT: reduced operational losses of a useful component.

2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method includes stages of peat production from a peat production field using a producing auger installed in a winning pipe, supply of produced peat under pressure into outlet nozzles, with which the winning pipe is equipped, cutting of pressed peat discharged from outlet nozzles, into pieces. At the same time the method includes a stage of transfer into the peat production field stack, by means of a belt conveyor or a similar device, of sod peat produced at different distances from the peat production field. Besides, transfer of the freshly produced sod peat is carried out with its laying above the previously produced sod peat dried without usage of turning and bundling.

EFFECT: minimised number of vehicles, working stages and reduced losses of peat.

14 cl, 8 dwg

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