Method and device for determining geographical location of cellular communication device

FIELD: physics, communications.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to communication engineering. Disclosed is a method of determining the geographical location of a cellular communication device. The method involves determination of the effective area of the first and second cells of a cellular network and determination of the change of control area on which the cellular communication device is located at the moment in time when control over it shifts from the first to the second cell, according to which determination of the change of control area and effective area of the first and second cells is carried out based on relative position and alignment of antennae of the first and second cells.

EFFECT: high accuracy of locating a communication device.

160 cl, 14 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The invention relates to methods and devices for determining the geographical location of the cellular devices, in particular, to determine the location of vehicles in the transport stream. The invention is applicable to all types of cellular devices that operate in networks with technologies such as, for example, GSM, GPRS, EDGE, CDMA and wideband CDMA, but not exclusively in them.

The level of technology

Determining a geographic location of cellular devices, such as mobile phone, it is useful in many cases, including the provision of the service search services, specializing in locating objects. For example, the location of the vehicle may be determined using information systems maintenance traffic flows at the location of cellular devices that are located in the drivers, thus forming the picture of the transport stream. The location of the mobile communication device or similar wireless device may be determined based on the data received from the cellular. In particular, the device's location can be determined by the cell number of the cell in which the device is using the same mesh and and possibly other data, such as movement.

Some other methods use test signals with a relatively low level (near base stations)available in cellular networks, such as existing Abis interface (Abis) networks with GSM technology, for example, information about the level of the signals coming from mobile devices. Methods based on the analysis of low level signals in networks have disadvantages and expensive to use. Some other ways to study traffic flows based on the use of transferred drivers handwritten records duplicate routes and storage of these records in the database for subsequent use in the analysis of traffic flows.

None of the known methods is not effective and does not have the required accuracy of the geographical location of the cellular devices. The aim of the present invention to provide an improved method for determining the geographic location of the cellular devices.

The invention

In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, comprising the determination of the effective areas of the first and second cells of the cellular network and the op is adelene square of the change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control is transferred from the first to the second cell, whereby the definition of the square of the change of control and the effective areas of the first and second cells takes into account relative position of the first and second cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, including determining the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device when it is moved from one or more than one first cell to the second cell. The definition of the square of the change of control and the effective areas of the cell perform, preferably taking into account the relative positions of many of the involved cells. In a cellular network with CDMA technology, the definition of these areas can be made for multiple cells from a set of active cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, comprising the determination of the effective areas of many cells of the cellular network and determine the area of a change of control, which probably is a mobile communication device. The definition of the area of PE is ehoda control and the effective area of each of the multiple cells takes into account mutual arrangement mentioned multiple cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, comprising the determination of the effective areas of the first and second cells of the cellular network and determine the area of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control is transferred from the first to the second cell. The definition of the square of the change of control and the effective areas of the first and second cells takes into account relative position of the first and second cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device in a cellular network, containing the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell, comprising (i) determining an effective radius Rifor each set of i-options for different relative position of the first and second cells; (ii) determination of the angle α at which the second cell will be expanded boundary line sector, when the first antenna is located inside the second cell, and the angle β formed by the line between the first and second antennas and the boundary line sector of the second cell is less than the angle α; (iii) defining a first width E1the first extends pramogos is nick, added to the boundary line sector of the second cell, when the angle β is less than angle α; (iv) determining a second width E2the second extends rectangle to be added to the boundary line sector of the second cell when the first antenna is located outside the second cell, and the internal angle formed between the boundary line of the sector of the second cell and the line between the first and second antennas is greater than 180°; (v) defining a first width W1rectangular strips of penumbra, located between the line of equal intensity of signals received from first and second antennas, and the boundary line of the first line closest to the cell in which the mobile communication device; (vi) determining a second width W2the second rectangular strips of penumbra, located between the line of equal intensity and the boundary line of the second strip nearest to the cell from which the mobile communication device, and (vii) determine the area of a change of control, in which, probably, is the mobile communication device when control passes from the first to the second cell, the definition of the square of the change of control is based at least on the set values of the effective radii Riangle α, the first width of the strips E1the second width of the strips E2the first width of the penumbra W1and the second width is s a penumbra W 2.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device by determining the area on which the control is transferred from the first cell or set of cells to the next cell, comprising modeling at least a portion of the areas receiving the aforementioned first cell or set of cells and referred to the next cell and determine the area of a change of control, containing the overlapping part of the area (space) referred to the first cell or set of cells and referred to the next cell.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of control from the first to the second cell, comprising modeling at least a portion of the areas receiving the aforementioned first and second cells, and determine the area of a change of control, containing the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first and second cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method of monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in the set of vehicles, comprising repeating the determining the location of at least some of the multiple cellular devices. This definition in the preferred embodiment, is produced by collecting information about the location of at least some devices, cellular communication to build a picture of traffic flow in the current time. In the process of determining the location of the mobile communication device of the multiple devices define the area in which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first cell or set of cells in the next cell, the definition of the square of the change of control based on modeling at least part of the areas of signal referred to the first cell or set of cells and said second cells and combining the overlapping portions of the areas mentioned first and second cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method of monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, comprising repeating the determining the location of at least some of the multiple cellular devices. This definition in the preferred embodiment, is accomplished by gathering information is the location, at least some of the cellular devices for constructing a picture of traffic flow in the current time. In the process of determining the location of the mobile communication device of the multiple devices are square, where there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first cell or set of cells in the next cell, the definition of the square of the change of control based on modeling at least part of the areas of signal referred to the first cell or set of cells and referred to the next cell and combining the overlapping portions of the areas mentioned first and the next cell.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method of monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, comprising repeating the determining the location of at least some of the multiple cellular devices. This definition in the preferred embodiment, is produced by collecting information about the location of at least some devices, cellular communication to build a picture of traffic flow in the current time. In the process of determining the location of the mobile communication device of sets of the devices are square, on which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first cell to the second cell, the definition of the square of the change of control based on modeling at least part of the areas of signal mentioned first and second cells and combining the overlapping portions of the areas mentioned first and second cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device that contains the module definition of the effective areas of the first and second cells of the cellular network and the module determine the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control is transferred from the first to the second cell. The definition of the square of the change of control and the effective areas of the first and second cells takes into account relative position of the first and second cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first to the second cell that contains the module definition of effective area of the cell, used for mo is melirovanie, at least part of the areas of signal mentioned first and second cells, and the module that is used to determine the square of a change of control, including the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first and second cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus for monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles. The device comprises (i) determining module square of the change of control that is used to determine the square of a change of control, including the overlapping part of the modeled area covering at least part of the areas of the first and second cells of the cellular network, and (ii) a module to gather information about the location of at least some devices, cellular, ensuring the construction of the painting of the transport stream at the current moment, in which each location is based at least partially on the value of the square of the change of control, a specific module for the mobile communication device, movable between predetermined first and second the cells of the cellular network.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographical the th location of the mobile communication device, including the use of the algorithm for determining the square of a change of control, which probably is the mobile communication device when the network passes control to another cell from the active set of cells, which determine the area of a change of control involves modeling, taking into account the relative positions of multiple cells from a set of active cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, comprising using an algorithm to determine the area, which probably is a mobile communication device, in conditions where it may be monitored for more than one cell, whereby when the space provided by the simulation, taking into account the mutual arrangement of the multiple cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device containing the module determine the effective area of each of the many cells of the active set cell and module determining the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control passes from one the another cell from the active set of cells, in which the definition of the square of the change of control and the effective areas of each of the multiple cells takes into account mutual arrangement mentioned multiple cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first cell or group of cells to the next cell, comprising modeling at least part of the square of the signal referred to the first cell or group of cells and the next cell and determine the area of a change of control, containing the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first cell or group of cells and referred to the next cell.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device containing the module determine the effective area of each of the many cells of the active set cell and module determining the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control passes from one to another cell from the active set of cells, according to which the definition of space power is as efficient and effective areas of each of the multiple cells takes into account mutual arrangement mentioned multiple cells.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method of monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, comprising repeating the determining the location of at least some of the many cellular devices and collect information about the location of at least some devices, cellular communication to build a picture of the transport stream, whereby the location of the mobile communication device of the multiple devices includes determining the area on which there is a transition of the control device, the definition of the square of the change of control based on the simulation of at least part areas receiving the signal of the first cell or group of cells and the next cell and combining the overlapping portions of the squares of the first cell or group of cells and referred to the next cell.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first cell or group of cells to the next cell, with the holding module determine the effective area of the cell, used for modeling at least part of the square of the signal referred to the first cell or group of cells and referred to the next cell, and a module that is used to define the area of transition of the control that contains the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first cell or group of cells and the next cell.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus for monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, contains the module definition of the square of the change of control that is used to determine the square of a change of control, including the overlapping part of the simulated space, at least part of the first cell or group of cells and the next cell of the cellular network, and the module that is used to collect information about the location of at least some of the cellular and providing pictures of the transport stream at the current moment, in which each such location-based at least partially on the value of the square of the change of control, defined in the module for the mobile communication device moving between a given first cell or group of cells and the next cell Soto the second network.

Thus, although the known methods of determining the location of the mobile communication device based on the location of the cell in which the device is located, the accuracy of such methods is limited to the large area covered by each cell. There are other ways in which using a special device for on-demand viewing location manually assigned routes. However, these methods load the network and, therefore, are expensive and limited in performance.

Other advantages and features of the present invention will be clear to experts in the art from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings, or on the basis of the practical application of the present invention.

Brief description of drawings

For a better understanding of the essence and principle of operation of the present invention will be further detailed description of the preferred variants of its implementation with reference to the accompanying drawings showing the following :

Figure 1 shows the first and the second cell of the cellular network with antennas located at the same point in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 shows the first and the second cell of the cellular network with antennas located at different points, orie is oriented towards each other in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 3 shows the first and the second cell of the cellular network with antennas located at various points with non-overlapping sectors of reception in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 4 shows the first and the second cell of the cellular network with antennas located at different points and oriented at an acute angle to each other in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 5 shows the effective area of the cell with the extensions of the acquisition section, when one antenna is in the sector of another cell, near one of its boundary lines, in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

On figa shows the effective area of the cell with the extensions of the acquisition section, when the second antenna is located outside the boundaries of the sector of the first antenna, and the criterion of the internal angle is fair to both edges sector of reception in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

On FIGU shows the effective area of the cell with the extensions of the acquisition section, when the second antenna is located outside the boundaries of the sector of the first antenna, and the criterion of the internal angle of the fair for one of the edges of the sector of reception in accordance with a preferred variations is that the implementation of the present invention.

Figure 7 shows the steps of determining the size of the penumbra surrounding the line is equal to the intensity of received signals in the region between the two antennas when the antennas of the two cells are at the same point in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

On Fig shows the stages of the determination of the area of the penumbra surrounding the line is equal to the intensity of received signals in the region between the two antennas when the antennas of the two cells are at different points in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 9 shows the steps of determining the area of overlap for the case when the antenna of the two cells are located at various points and will be facing each other in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 10 shows the steps of determining the area of overlap for the case when the line of equal intensity is not determined in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 11 shows a circular sector, which is used to model the estimated location of the mobile communication device when the network writes the time data movement in accordance with the preferred option Khujand is the implementation of the present invention.

On Fig given that part of the block diagram of the information system analysis of the transport stream, which can be used in the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

On Fig are steps to determine the location of the mobile communication device in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

The network works with the use of antennas, each of which transmits and receives signals from cellular devices located in a given area, called a cell. Square cells of different antennas overlap, thereby creating a full coverage area of the cellular network. At any given time, the mobile communication device is under the control of one of the cells of the network. Such a cell is typically one in which the intensity of the signal received from the mobile communication device, the greatest. When the mobile communication device moves, it moves from cell to cell and control of this device "jumps" from one cell to another.

For the cellular network and network management is necessary to control the many signals that come from mobile devices. Such signals may be, for example, the communication control signals, such as signals the beginning and the end of the connection, and signals re is eminii device, such as signals about the update location and the transition of control of the device to another cell. Next we use the description of the GSM technology, but in any appropriate case, we intend to refer also to other cellular technologies.

Use some or all of these signals, especially signals that are recorded on the "As-interface" (or "parallel" in some cell technologies), allows you to create an effective method of determining the location of the mobile communication device. Next, we will describe how to retrieve data about the location of the mobile communication device from the signals of the transfer of control over the mobile communication device, although this can be done for other signals that are recorded and can be monitored in more than one cell.

Although in the disclosed below, the preferred embodiments of implementing the present invention describes a rigid way of a change of control, such as networks based on GSM technology, principles and benefits of the present invention is also applicable to soft way of a change of control and for the combination of hard and soft methods. In this sense, the best way to get control is used in most systems 1G and 2G, when the device with a working link forwards from one radio cell operating on the ne pair of frequencies, to another radio cell operating on a different pair of frequencies while driving call. If the device can be connected to only one base station and, therefore, required to break the connection when it connects to another station, such a change of control refers to hard.

The technician will understand that systems based on CDMA technologies, including WCDMA technology, the user can be connected to multiple base stations simultaneously, the signals from all transmitters in the frequency range are combined in the RAKE receiver in one signal. The set of base stations for which simultaneous communication device, called the "active set" of stations. "Soft transition" occurs when there are multiple base stations in the active set of stations and the communication device is disconnected from one of the stations to connect to another station, or add a new station without disconnecting from the existing station from the active set of stations. In WCDMA technologies there is a special case, called "softer transition, when different connections to the stations of the active set of the stations are provided with the same base station. A softer transition occurs when one of these compounds disable to enable another on the same base is tanzihi. There are also methods which control is transferred between systems, in which the connection forwards from one access technology to another, such as call transfer from GSM to WCDMA. The principles of operation and advantages of the present invention is applicable to all the above types of control transfer and the claims should be interpreted in line with this, although the specific benefits and/or real benefits in each case, may vary slightly, that would be understandable to experts in this field of technology.

So, at any given point in time, the mobile communication device is under the control of one (GSM), or more cells of the network. Controlling the cell or cells are those receiving signal which is considered acceptable for control and signal transfer control to a new cell (or adding cells) will be called here the signal "change of control". Therefore, the signals which control is transferred reflect a snapshot of the situation (the exact time of appearance of these signals recorded), in which the cell phone is under the control of two or more cells when these cells receiving signals are of approximately equal size. This means that building a space where all these cells have approximately the same received signals, it is highly likely, is that the cell phone is located in this square.

For the explanation below described examples of preferred embodiments of the present invention in the case of exchange of signals between two cells in the network with GSM technology, but the same method can be applied in the case when more than two cells, for example, for the active set of cells in the network with CDMA technology, by applying the following principles and techniques to all these cells.

Often the signal of a change of control GSM network and similar networks, including cell a and cell B, occurs when the mobile communication device moves from the area where the intensity of the signal from the antenna of the cell, a higher than from the antenna of the cell, to the area where the intensity of the signal from the antenna of the cell is higher than from the antenna of the cell A. Therefore, theoretically, the change of control occurs at a time when the mobile communication device crosses the line signals of equal intensity of signals received from both cells. In practice, however, the transfer of control does not occur exactly on the line signals of equal intensity, and occurs within a certain area of the penumbra, which is located around the line signals of equal intensity. The shape and size of the area of the penumbra dependent on a number of indicators, including the relative location of used cells, and also depend on the position and orientation of the antennas.

In predpochtitelno embodiment, the present invention describes a method for determining with a high degree of certainty the geographical location of the mobile communication device at the moment when the transmission control device, by finding the "square of the change of control", which is a zone in which with high probability should be control over the mobile communication device as it moves from cell a to cell C. Since, as detected, the square of a change of control average less areas of cells, this method provides higher accuracy than a way to find the device only with regard to areas of cells. In addition, since the moments of change of control are recorded in the control system network, there is no additional cost, so this method is relatively inexpensive.

To implement the preferred option to build a polygon representing the transition zone of control. This made four simplifying assumptions.

First, made the simplifying assumption that the antenna pattern (square cell) is a sector with angle, basically, 120°, the center of which is the antenna, see, for example, sector 101, surrounding the antenna 100 in the embodiment shown in figure 1.

Secondly, made the simplifying assumption that, while the mobile communication device is within the sector, the intensity received from the antenna signals grows inversely proportional to R is the is from the antenna. Other factors affecting the intensity received from the antenna signals, such as the exact azimuth of the antenna, the presence of reflections and multi-channel are discarded, since the influence of these factors is limited and they are often statistically compensate each other.

The third simplifying assumption is that the intensity of the signal from the antenna on the outside of the sector receive significantly lower signal intensity from the antenna inside the sector receive.

Fourth simplifying assumption is that the transfer of control from one cell to another occurs at an acceptable distance from the point at which the mobile communication device receives signals of equal intensity from both antennas.

On the basis of these assumptions in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the square of the received signal cells presents in the form of a sector with a limited radius. In areas outside this radius may be coming, but significantly weaker than in the area within the radius. In addition there are areas of weak received signal for the boundary lines of the sector, in the field behind the antenna and in opposite directions from the sector. In some cases, control of the mobile communication device can be made in these areas of weak signal reception. Therefore, in a preferred variant of the present invention, under certain circumstances, the area of reception cells can be expanded from the originally simulated the acquisition section in the direction of areas of weak reception. As soon as such circumstances are taken into account, the sector receiving the cells expand, thus resulting model square signal of the cell will be referred to as the effective area of the cell. As will be shown below, the extended size of the cell can be built taking into account the relative position and orientation of the two antennas between which moves the mobile communication device. For example, extensions can be made, when the antenna of one cell is located within a sector of another cell, but very close to the border sector of the device (as shown in the variant of figure 5), or when the antenna is one cell in a particular way is located outside the sector of another cell (as shown in the variant of figure 6). In these cases, the effective area of the cell contains extensions for border sector administration. In addition, in some cases, the radius of the acquisition section may be increased or decreased depending on the distance between the antennas of two cells, the resulting radius will be called "effective radius of the cell.

Taking into account the above considerations, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention shows a polygon that represents the area on which control is transferred in the form of a combination of two parts: 1) an overlapped part of the effective areas of the two cells between which moves the mobile communication device and 2) the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity in the space between the antennas of two cells. As will be shown below, the relative positions of the two cells plays a significant role in determining these two zones. There are cases where the area of the penumbra cannot be determined, thus take into account only the effective area of the cell.

Figure 1-4 shows four options relative position of the two cells in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention. Figure 1 antenna of the first cell 101 and the second cell 102 is located at one point 100. In figure 2 the first cell 201, a display area signal, the first antenna 203, oriented toward the second cell 202, a display area signal of the second antenna 204, while the antenna of the two cells are located at various points and directed one towards the other. Figure 3 antenna 303 and 304 of the first 301 and second 302 cells are located at various points and their sector of reception do not overlap. Figure 4 shows an example that does not fit into variants relative position of figure 1 to 3 and displays all other possible options for the location of antennas; in this case, the antenna 403 and 404 are located at different points, at the same time they face each other at an acute angle, and the sectors 401 and 402 overlap.

The method of determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device according to a preferred variant implementation of this image is to be placed includes, first, the definition of the effective area of each cell, and secondly, the definition of the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity and, thirdly, the Union of the areas defined on the first and second stages, for finding the square of a change of control.

The first phase of the preferred alternative implementation of the present invention includes the determination of the effective area of each cell. In order to do this, first find the effective radius of the sector of the cell. The existence of such a radius based on the above second simplifying assumption, i.e. that the intensity of the received antenna signal within the sector receiving grows inversely proportional to the distance from the antenna. Determination of the effective radius of manufacture with regard to variant relative location: the location of option 1, in which the antennas are located on one and the same point 100, the effective radius is R1, 103. In other embodiments, shown in Fig.2-4, the effective radius is equal to Ri×D, where D is the distance between antennas, a Ri- constant coefficient, different for each case (i.e. for 2-4 index i=2, 3 and 4). In a preferred embodiment of the present invention can be used other ways to determine effective radius, including ways to the e establish the relationship of the distances between the antennas with an effective radius.

Next, after determining the effective radius of a sector of a cell are the effective area of the cell, in some cases extending the sector at its edges. The result is determined by the side line of the effective area of the cell. The expansion of the area of cells at the edge of the sector is required, for example, in two cases: 1) when one antenna is located in the sector of another cell, very close to its boundary lines, as shown in the variant of figure 5, and 2) when the antenna is located outside the sector of another cell, and the internal angle between the boundary line and the line connecting the two antennas is greater than 180°, as shown in the variants on figa and 6B.

In the first case, shown in figure 5, the angle β, 503 formed by line 505 between the two antennas 501 and 502 and one of the boundary lines 506 of the first sector is less than a predefined angle α, 504. Previously certain angle α is given as the angle within which the antenna 502 is located so close to the boundary line 506, in order to guarantee the expansion of the area of cells at the edge of the sector. When the angle β is less than the angle α, the sector expanded in one direction only, i.e. in the direction 506, which is located near the second antenna 502. To the side 506 sector is added to a small extend rectangle 508 width E1, 507.

In the second case described with reference to variant figa, the second antenna 602 location is and outside the sector 603 of the first antenna 601. In this case, determine whether the internal angle, i.e. the angle which includes the first sector 603 and is formed between the edge 607 or 608 sector line 603 and 609 between the two antennas 601 and 602, a large 180°. Then make an extension on the edge of the section 607 or 608, for which this condition is satisfied. For example, consider the edge 607 sector 603. The internal angle between the edge 607 and line 609 is the angle 605, and this angle 605 is greater than 180°. Accordingly, the edge 607 expanded on the rectangle 610. Similarly, considering the edge 608 sector 603, it is seen that the internal angle between the edge 608 and line 609 is the angle 606, and this angle 606 is greater than 180°. Accordingly, the edge 608 extended to the rectangle 611. In the second case, shown in figa and 6B extending rectangles, such as 610 and 611 may have a relatively large width E2, 613, than the width of the E1, 507 extends rectangle in a variant of figure 5. In addition, when in a given sector, there are two extends rectangle 610 and 611 for the antenna 601 form additional widening triangle 612 between the two farthest corner 623 and 624 extends rectangles, both of these extensions have the same width E2. It should be noted that while large expansion made the sector 603, because the antenna 602 is outside the bounds of the sector receive antenna 601 (and the criterion of the internal angle of udovletvor the tsya), the reverse situation can't be done for another sector. This is because in this case the sector 604 cannot be increased with the expansion of the second type, since the antenna 601 is inside the sector 604.

In a variant figa shows another example of the expansion of the second type, in which instead of two edges extend to a higher level (only one edge of the sector. In this case, the antenna 615 is positioned outside of the sector 616 antenna 614. However, the internal angle 622 between the edge 617 and line 620 is exactly equal to 180° (and, therefore, no more than 180°), so that the extension region 617 do not. On the contrary, the inner corner 621 between the edge line 618 and 620 is greater than 180°, therefore, the expansion 619 second type region 618.

Defining the effective area of the cell (in this preferred embodiment, by determining the effective radius and, in some cases, extending the edge of the sector), the second stage determines the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity signals between the two antennas, as shown in the embodiments 7 and 8. In this embodiment, the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity are presented in the form of asymmetric rectangular strips around the line of equal intensity. Width W1a rectangular strip between the line of equal intensity and border strips on the side of the cell, which includes at trojstvo cellular, greater than the width W2on the side of the cell from which the mobile communication device. For example, as shown in embodiment 7, the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity 710 is formed by two rectangular strips 706 and 707, the width W1, 708 strips 706 on the side of the sector 704, which includes the mobile communication device, is greater than width W2, 709 strips 707 on the side of the sector 705, which gives the mobile communication device. Each strip is formed between the line of equal intensity 710 and border strips 711 and 712. Similarly, as shown in option on Fig, the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity 808 is formed by two rectangular strips 806 and 807, and the width W1, 809 strips 806 on the side of the sector 805, which includes the mobile communication device, is greater than width W2, 810 strips on the side of the sector 805 exits the device provider.

For determining the size of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity in the preferred embodiment, the present invention should first determine the location of the lines of equal intensity, which varies depending on the relative position. In the first case, the relative position in option 1, which is a variant of Fig.7, the line is avnoj intensity represents the bisector 710 azimuth 702 and 703 of the cells (which are determined by the location of the antenna 701). In the second and third cases, the relative position in options 2 and 3 the line of equal intensity represents the perpendicular in the middle of the line connecting the two antennas. For example, for option Fig, which corresponds to the case of figure 2, the line of equal intensity represents the perpendicular 808 in the middle of the line 803 connecting the two antennas 801 and 802. In the fourth case, the relative position in option 4 points of equal intensity are difficult to determine, and strip similar to the strip 7 and 8, does not exist.

Defining the effective area of the cell and the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity, in the third step of this preferred option determines the area of the transition of control of the mobile communication device. For each case relative position, with the exception of option 4, for each cell at the intersection of the effective area of the cell and the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity form the zone in which such cell is potentially capable of transmission control. The area on which control is transferred when the movement of the mobile communication device from cell a to cell b displays by combining squares, in which two cells have the potential to provide for the transfer of control. For example, as shown in the variant of figure 9, the transition zone of control of the mobile communication device, d is iiusage from the cell And, 901 to the cell, 902, first determine the intersection of the effective area of the cell a and the rectangular strips 903 area of penumbra around the line of equal intensity 904, then at the intersection of the effective area of the cell and In rectangular strips 903, then combine these two areas, which are represented as the shaded area 905. Option Fig.9 shows the method of determining the square of a change of control during movement of the mobile communication device from the cell And to the cell In case of mutual arrangement according to the variant of figure 2, for which the defined rectangular strip 903. In the case of a mutual arrangement according to the variant of figure 4, for which such strip is not defined, the transition zone of control during movement of the mobile communication device from the cell And to the cell To determine the intersection of the effective areas of two cells, each of which may contain the above-described expansion of either the first or second type. For example, in the form of figure 10, the effective area of the sector 1001 was increased due to the expansion of the first type 1002, and the effective area of the sector 1003 was increased due to the extension 1004, 1005 and 1006 of the second type. Because this case relative position is similar to the case in embodiment 4, the area on which control is transferred when the movement of the mobile communication device from a cell 1001 to the cell 1003 is equal to the area of intersection of these two effective the areas shown shaded area 1007. It should be noted that the difference between the transition zone of control during the movement of the mobile communication device from cell a to cell b and the transition zone of control during the movement of the mobile communication device from cell to cell And depends on the degree of asymmetry of the square of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity, which occurs in cases of mutual arrangement of options 1-3.

As can be seen in the variant figure 10, the area of the change of control 1007, determined in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, much smaller than the effective area of the sectors receiving cells 1001 and 1003. Therefore, in General, the method of determining the location of the mobile communication device, in accordance with which define the transition zone of control according to a preferred variant implementation of the present invention is significantly more accurate than previously used methods, based on the determination of only the sectors receiving the cell that contains the device.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the accuracy generally increases when the location of the mobile communication device using information about the movement of time in addition to information on the identification of cells. Figure 11 shows a circular sector 1101, which is used to simulate approximately what about the location of the device in this case in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention. Information about the time of movement restricted area of the location of a mobile phone ring sector 1101 between two given radii 1102 and 1103, conducted from the point of location of the antenna 1104. It will be shown that using information about the time the motion or other information provided by the cellular network, which can narrow the simulated size of the cells can be partially used in the described preferred embodiments, for example, by converting models to determine the effective area of the cell. For example, in the preferred embodiment 11, the area of the cell can be represented in the form of an annular sector, which may be elongated, forming the effective area of the cell by the same method, which is described above. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention can be used as a cell of another form. Regardless of the form of the effective area of the method according to the preferred variant implementation of the present invention generally increases the accuracy of determining the location of the mobile communication device. For example, using a circular sector 11, it is possible to reduce the area of location of the device, even when using full sectors reception mentioned above.

Specialists in the art it will be clear that the main above-mentioned parameters (such as R 1, R2, R3, R4α, E1E2, W1and W2) can be determined empirically and calibrated in the field trials. For example, can be performed test measurements, when the actual location of the control devices cellular is known, so the actual location can be empirically consistent with the map cells to determine the required values of the parameters. Based on the pilot measurements can be carried out the statistical estimation of parameters, and these parameters can then be improved with the accumulation of test results and other data for some period of time. Can be used as another parameter. Moreover, it may be the selection of the above parameters or used fully other options. When you use cellular networks other than GSM technologies, such as network with CDMA technology, the preferred embodiments of the present invention can be modified, for example, so that the area of control transfer is modeled some form or set of forms, defined by the location of the cells in the active set of cells.

In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention method and device location us the mobile communication device can be used as an element in the information system, analyzing traffic flows, such as the system described in U.S. patent 6587781 Feldman and others, a General block diagram of which is shown in the variant Fig. In this system, determine the location of each of the multiple mobile sensors in vehicles travelling on the transport network 12, which is then analyzed, forming a network oriented transport sectors 14. In addition to the signals from the mobile sensors can be used other sources of traffic information, and may not be used. For some time data 62 on the position of the sensors received from the mobile sensors are collected and processed in cumulative module 1, and then fed to the transmitter normalized time motion 2. Based on the collected data, the computer time traffic 2 determines the average of the normalized motion for each oriented transport network 14. The generator final and current picture of traffic flows 3 uses the calculated normalized values of time of the movement, as well as data obtained from other sensors, to build the current pattern of traffic flow on the road network. Then the predictor 4 can use the current picture of traffic flows and data generator 6 painting templates and rules adjust the salvage flows for predicting the pattern of traffic flows or to provide other information to the device control threads 5, which can have many uses 7. Generator final and current picture of traffic flows 3 to combine data from various sources, including from the solver normalized time motion 2, data traffic from the fixed sensors 60, the data of the transport stream of reports 64 and data traffic from other sources 66.

In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention describes a device that implements the method of determining the location of cellular devices, can be used to obtain information about the transport stream using cellular devices located in vehicles. For example, when a specific device for cellular found the area of the transition system, analysis of traffic flows can take the area corresponding to the detected area as an estimate of the location of the vehicle, which is a mobile communication device at the time of the change of control. On the basis of the calculated position and time for a large number of such vehicles, and traffic flow data obtained from other sources, the evaluator normalized time motion 2 or other system element analysis of traffic flows, m which can create a picture of traffic flows for a large number of users, including the prediction of future traffic conditions movement. In one preferred variant of the described method of determining the geographical location of the cellular implemented using cumulative module 1 shown in Fig. For cumulative module 1 serves location data 62, which may include information about the moments of change of control received from the cellular network. Location data 62 may, for example, include information about the current time and the ID of the active cell and position data of the vehicle obtained from many other sources, such as GPS data and other changing data about the vehicle. Data on the location of the vehicle 62 from various types of sensors together on their own separate cumulative submodule (including cumulative module 1 Fig). Many of cumulative submodules can also be used for processing various data coming from the same mobile sensor. For example, a separate cumulative submodules can be used for data transfer control and data between a server about the location of the grid.

On Fig is a block diagram of a device location of the mobile communication device in accordance with predpochtitelnei implementation of the present invention. It can be used, for example, in the analysis of traffic flows, the preferred option Fig. As shown in the block diagram of a variant pig, such a device 1305 location of the mobile communication device may include a module for determining the effective area of the cell 1301 is used to find the effective area, the detection area of the penumbra 1302 used to find the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity, and determining module square of the change of control 1303, used for finding the square of a change of control of the mobile communication device. The device 1305 location of the mobile communication device may be implemented on a variety of hardware, as is clear to experts in the field of technology. For example, the device 1305 may include a computer processor or a specialized device, signal processing, which serves data about 1300 points of transition of control or other data from the cell network and which transmits the calculated values of the areas on which control is transferred to block applications, for example in information system analysis of traffic flows in the variant Fig. The various stages described in the preferred embodiment, the method can be implemented using standard software on the processor 1305, and with the help of a special device the CTB data.

In addition, there is no need to implement a device according to a preferred variant implementation of the present invention in the form of a variant Fig. For example, there are two possible ways of implementing the described method (these examples do not imply a limitation of the subject matter). In the first example, in the system corresponding to the present invention, there may be map cells. In this case, the square of the change of control for all possible combinations of neighboring cells can be determined on the basis of the map cells in an offline process and can be stored in a database that is available to the system corresponding to the present invention. When information about the cells fed to the system, the system uses the identifiers and/or data about the time the motion or other data for a specific case of a change of control in order to compare them with the data stored in the database (for example, using the summary tables), which receive a corresponding value of the square of the change of control. Thus, in the first example, the device 1305 is offline and the data 1300 consistently treated by comparison with the data of the change of control, created offline module 1303. On the contrary, in the second embodiment, in the system corresponding to the present invention, the map cell no is. Instead, the system enter the geographic coordinates of cells involved in each case of change of control, and calculate the square of a change of control in real time, receiving the data stream is used, for example, in the variant Fig. There is no need to display the modules 1301-1303 option Fig directly in the form of various software modules, instead, the software may have a different or more complex construction is functionally equivalent to the previous build, as it will be clear to experts in the given field of technology.

It is clear that the preferred options allow for a great number of modifications, not beyond the beings of the present invention. For example, experts can evaluate the principles and benefits of applying the present invention in different cellular network technologies multi-channel access frequency division multiplexing (FDMA), multi access, code division multiple access (CDMA), or other cellular networks with the technology of multi-channel access with time division multiplexing (TDMA) in combination with FDMA and CDMA. Other, less frequently mentioned cellular technology is the technology of multi-channel access with polarization division multiple access (PDMA).

Specialist in the art will also understand that although, as argued by the camping, the above-described best mode implementation of the present invention, the invention is not limited to a device with a specific configuration and a method with the specific steps described in the preferred embodiment. For example, although various embodiments, the description has reference to the stage of determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device", it is clear that this term should be considered in a broad sense, meaning not only mobile phones, or other handset, but also, for example, other devices transmitting signals in a cellular network, such as sensors, mounted on vehicles, laptops and computer unit operating in a cellular network. Specialists will also be understood that the present invention has a wide field of application, especially to determine the location of objects and their maintenance. For example, preferred embodiments of the present invention that are essential for determining the geographical location of the cellular devices can have a wide range of applications, including (but not agrarias this General finding objects, information system analysis of traffic flows in emergency situations, such as determining the location of the mobile communication device that sent the alarm, DL is planning routes and for security purposes, intelligence and national defense.

1. The method of determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, including
determination of the effective areas of the first and second cells of the cellular network based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the first antenna of the first cell of the cellular network and the second cell of the cellular network, and
determining the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control is transferred from the first to the second cell, whereby the definition of the square of the change of control based on the effective areas of the first and second cells.

2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising determining the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between the first and second cells.

3. The method according to claim 1, in which the mutual position determined from a set of alternatives relative position, including the first variant, in which the first and second antennas are located in the same place; the second variant, in which the first and second antennas are in different places, and the first and second cells are oriented to each toward the other; a third option, in which the first and second antennas are in different places, and the first and second cells do not overlap, and the fourth option, in which the conditions are made first, the second and third options.

4. The method according to claim 3, further comprising determining the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between the first and second cells when the cells are in accordance with the first, second or third options.

5. The method according to claim 2 or 4, further comprising defining a potential area of control is transferred to the first cell by crossing the effective area of the first cell with an area of partial shade; identification of potential area on which control is transferred to the second cell by crossing the effective area of the second cell with an area of partial shade and determine the area of a transfer of control over the mobile communication device by combining the potential areas on which control is transferred to the first and second cells.

6. The method according to claim 1, further comprising determining the square of the transition of control of the mobile communication device by the intersection of the effective area of the first cell with an effective area of the second cell.

7. The method according to claim 3, further comprising determining the square of the transition of control of the mobile communication device by the intersection of the effective area of the first cell with an effective area of the second cell, when the cells are in accordance with the fourth option.

8. The method according to claim 1, wherein when determining the effective area of the cell is result identification information of the cell.

9. The method according to claim 1, wherein when determining the effective area of a cell using data about the movement of time.

10. The method according to claim 1, wherein the determination of the effective area of the cell involves finding the effective radii of the first and second cells.

11. The method according to claim 10, in which the effective radius is defined as the radius of the cell having the form of a sector, when the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell is located in one place.

12. The method according to claim 10, in which the effective radius of the find, according to the distance between the first and second antennas and the rate determined by the mutual position of the first and second cells when the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell are in different places.

13. The method according to claim 10, in which when determining the effective area of the cell additionally extend the edges of the cell having the form of a sector.

14. The method according to item 13, in which the extension of the edges of a cell having the form of a sector, includes an extension of the second cell for the boundary line of the sector, when the first antenna of the first cell is located inside the second cell, and the angle β formed by the line between the first antenna and the second antenna in the second cell and the boundary line sector of the second cell is less than a predefined angle α.

15. The method according to 14, in which the second cell extend beyond the boundary line CE is the Torah with the help of the rectangle.

16. The method according to item 13, in which the extension of the edges of a cell having the form of a sector, includes an extension of the second cell for the boundary line of the sector, when the first antenna of the first cell is located outside the second cell, and the internal angle formed between the boundary line of the sector of the second cell and the line between the first and second antennas in the second cell, is greater than 180°.

17. The method according to clause 16, in which the second cell extend beyond the boundary line of the sector with the help of the rectangle.

18. The method according to clause 16, in which the second cell extend for two boundary lines of the sector.

19. The method according to p, in which the second cell extend through the two rectangles, and which further includes an extension of the second cell using the triangle attached to the two rectangles.

20. The method according to claim 2 or 4, in which the definition of the area of the penumbra includes defining lines of equal intensity of the received signal and determining a rectangular strips around the line of equal intensity of the received signal.

21. The method according to claim 20, in which determining the location of lines of equal intensity involves finding the lines of equal intensity as the bisectors of the angle formed by the first azimuth of the first cell and the second azimuth of the second cell when the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell is located in one place

22. The method according to claim 20, in which the definition of the lines of equal intensity includes the building of a line perpendicular to the midpoint of a line connecting the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell.

23. The method according to claim 20, in which a rectangular strip of asymmetric width relative to the line of equal intensity.

24. The method according to item 23, in which the width W1the first rectangular strip between the line of equal intensity and the boundary line of the first line closest to the cell in which the mobile communication device, is greater than width W2the second rectangular strip between the line of equal intensity and the boundary line of the second strip nearest to the cell from which the mobile communication device.

25. The method according to claim 1, further comprising issuing traffic flow data based at least partly on the information about the square of the change of control.

26. The method according to p. 25, further comprising collecting data from the cellular network, in order to determine the value of the square of the change of control.

27. The method according to p, further comprising collecting data about the location of vehicles coming from many different mobile sensors, in order to give information about the transport stream.

28. The method according to p. 25, further comprising storing information about pre-defined values of the area of the transition of the control for the first and second cells in the database and accessing the database to determine the square of a change of control event, when the received data from the network are related to the transfer of control over the mobile communication device during its movement between the first and second cells.

29. The method according to p. 25, further comprising determining the square of the transition control using sample data in real time, which corresponds to the current data received from the cellular network.

30. The method according to claim 1, in which the first and second cells are part of a cellular network, working for one of the following technologies:
multi-channel access with frequency division multiplexing (FDMA), multi-channel access with time division multiplexing (TDMA), multi-channel access with polarization division multiple access (PDMA) and multi-access, code division multiple access (CDMA).

31. The method according to claim 1, further comprising accounting for a third of the cell when determining the effective areas of the first and second cells, the first and second cells are part of cellular network technology CDMA or WCDMA.

32. The method according to p, further including the consideration of the fourth cell, the first, second, third and fourth cells are part of cellular network technology CDMA or WCDMA.

33. The method of determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device in a cellular network, containing the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell, comprising the determination of the effective radius R ifor each set of i-options for different relative position of the first and second cells; determination of the angle α for which the second cell will be expanded boundary line sector, when the first antenna is located inside the second cell, and the angle β formed by the line between the first and second antennas and the boundary line sector of the second cell is less than the angle α; defining a first width E1first extend the rectangle to be added to the boundary line sector of the second cell, when the angle β is less than angle α; defining a second width E2 of the second widening of the rectangle to be added to the boundary line sector of the second cell when the first antenna is located outside the second cell, and the internal angle formed between the boundary line of the sector of the second cell and the line between the first and second antennas is greater than 180°; defining a first width W1rectangular strips of penumbra between the line of equal intensity of the signal received from the first and second antennas and the boundary line of the first line closest to the cell in which the mobile communication device; determining a second width W2the second rectangular strips of penumbra between the line of equal intensity and the boundary line of the second strip nearest to the cell from which the mobile communication device, and determining square go to the Yes control which is probably the mobile communication device when the control of the mobile communication device moves from the first to the second cell, the definition of the square of the change of control is based at least on the set values of the effective radii Riangle α, the first width of the expansion of Eithe second width extension E2the first width of the penumbra W1and the second width of the penumbra W2.

34. Device for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device, including
the module determine the effective areas of the first and second cells of the cellular network based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the first antenna of the first cell of the cellular network and the second antenna of the second cell of the cellular network, and
the module determine the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control is transferred from the first to the second cell, in which the definition of the area of the transition monitoring is performed on the basis of the effective areas of the first and second cells.

35. The device according to clause 34, further comprising a module for determining the size of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between the first and second cells.

36. The device according to clause 34, in which the mutual position between the first cell of a cellular network and a second cell of the cellular network determines from a set of alternatives relative position, including the first variant, in which the first and second antennas are located in the same place; the second variant, in which the first and second antennas are in different places, and the first and second cells facing each other; a third option, in which the first and second antennas are in different places, and the first and second cells do not overlap, and the fourth option, which does not comply with the conditions of the first, second and third options.

37. The device according to p in which the module determining the size of the penumbra contains means for determining the size of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between the first and second cells when the cells are in accordance with the first, second or third options.

38. The device according to p or 37, in which the module define the area of change of control includes means to determine the potential area of control is transferred to the first cell by crossing the effective area of the first cell with an area of partial shade; determine the potential area of control is transferred to the second cell by crossing the effective area of the second cell with an area of partial shade and define the area of transition of control of the mobile communication device by combining the potential areas of change of control for the first and vtoro the cell.

39. The device according to clause 34, in which the module define the area of change of control includes a means for determining the square of the transition of control of the mobile communication device by the intersection of the effective area of the first cell with an effective area of the second cell.

40. The device according to p in which the module define the area of change of control includes a means for determining the square of the transition of control of the mobile communication device by the intersection of the effective area of the first cell with an effective area of the second cell, when the cells are in accordance with the fourth option.

41. The device according to clause 34, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for using data about the identity of the cells.

42. The device according to clause 34, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the mean for the data about the movement of time.

43. The device according to clause 34, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for finding the effective radii of the first and second cells.

44. The device according to item 43, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains a tool to determine the effective radius as the radius of the cell having the form of a sector, when the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell located in the bottom.

45. The device according to item 43, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains a tool to determine the effective radius depending on the distance between the first and second antennas and the rate determined by the mutual position of the first and second cells when the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell is located in one place.

46. The device according to item 43, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for determining the value of the expansion region of the cell having the form of a sector.

47. The device according to item 46, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for determining the value of the expansion region of the cell having the form of a sector, by check, is whether the first antenna of the first cell inside the second cell and whether the angle β formed by the line between the first antenna and the second antenna in the second cell and the boundary line sector of the second cell is less than a predefined angle α, and if so, the extension of the second cell for the boundary line sector.

48. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the extension tool of the second cell for the boundary line sector with the help of the rectangle.

49. The device according to item 46, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains among the STV to determine the value of the expansion region of the cell, having the form of a sector, by check, is whether the first antenna of the first cell on the outside of the second cell and whether the internal angle formed between the boundary line of the sector of the second cell and the line between the first and second antennas in the second cell, is greater than 180°, and if so, the extension of the second cell for the boundary line sector.

50. The device according to § 49, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the extension tool of the second cell for the boundary line sector with the help of the rectangle.

51. The device according to § 49, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the extension tool of the second cell for the two boundary lines of the sector using rectangles.

52. The device according to § 51, in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the extension tool of the second cell using the triangle attached to the two rectangles.

53. The device according to p or 37, in which the module determining the size of the penumbra contains means for determining the location of lines of equal intensity and define a rectangular strips around the line of equal intensity.

54. The device according to item 53, in which the means for determining the location of lines of equal intensity includes means finding lines of equal intensity as the bisectors of the angle formed by the first the m azimuth of the first cell and the second azimuth of the second cell, when the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell is located in one place.

55. The device according to item 53, in which the means for determining the location of lines of equal intensity includes building tool perpendicular to the midpoint of a line connecting the first antenna of the first cell and the second antenna of the second cell.

56. The device according to item 53, in which a rectangular strip of asymmetric width relative to the line of equal intensity.

57. The device according to p, in which the width W1the first rectangular strip between the line of equal intensity and the boundary line of the first line closest to the cell in which the mobile communication device, is greater than width W2the second rectangular strip between the line of equal intensity and the boundary line of the second strip nearest to the cell from which the mobile communication device.

58. The device according to clause 34, further containing a data collection module for information systems analysis of transport streams.

59. The device according to § 58, in which the data collection module contains many submodules for the collection of data about the location of vehicles coming from multiple mobile sensors.

60. The device according to § 58, further containing a database for storing previously identified values of areas of control transfer, so the basis of the data can be accessed when data from the cellular network in real time.

61. The method of determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first to the second cell, comprising modeling at least part of the square signal mentioned first and second cells based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the first antenna of the first cell of the cellular network and the second antenna of the second cell of the cellular network, and determine the area of a change of control, containing the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first and second cells.

62. The method according to p, further comprising determining whether the extension of the area of signal reception cell based on the comparison with the previously determined values of the reception area.

63. The method according to item 62, in which the previously defined values are determined by taking into account the relative orientation of the first and second cells.

64. The method according to item 62, in which the previously defined values contain a value that is determined based on the relative positioning of the first and second cells.

65. The method according to p, in which the simulation of at least part of the square signal of the first and second cells includes using the previously specified form as the original model, at least part of the square receiving at least one lane is Oh and one second cell.

66. The method according to p, in which the previously defined shape represents the sector.

67. The method according to p, in which the previously specified shape is a circular sector.

68. The method according to p, in which the definition of the area of change of control includes the building of a polygon representing the area of the change of control.

69. The method according to p, in which the definition of the area of change of control includes the building of the area shape of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between the first and second cells.

70. The method according to p, in which the shape of the area of the penumbra is a polygon.

71. The method according to item 70, in which the shape of the area of the penumbra is a triangle.

72. Method of monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, comprising repeating the determining the location of at least some of the many cellular devices and collect information about the location of at least some devices, cellular communication to build a picture of the transport stream, whereby the location of the mobile communication device of the multiple devices includes determining the area on which occurs a change of control is a hell of a device during its movement from the first to the second cell, the definition of the square of the change of control based on modeling at least part of the square signal mentioned first and second cells based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the first antenna of the first cell of the cellular network and the second antenna of the second cell of the cellular network and combining the overlapping portions of the areas mentioned first and second cells.

73. The method according to item 72, further comprising a prediction of the pattern of traffic flow based on the pattern of traffic flow at the moment.

74. The method according to item 72, in which the definition of the area of the transition monitoring is performed by accessing a database of previously identified values of areas for pairs of cells based on the data received from the cellular network.

75. The method according to item 72, in which the definition of the area of the transition monitoring is performed in real time using continuously received from the cellular network data on the change of control.

76. The method according to p or 75, in which the data transfer control contain information about the identity of the cells.

77. The method according to p or 75, in which the data transfer control contain information about the movement of time.

78. Device for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of the control device is ri its movement from the first to the second cell, contains the module definition of effective area of the cell, used for modeling at least part of the square signal mentioned first and second cells based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the first antenna of the first cell of the cellular network and the second antenna of the second cell of the cellular network, and the module that is used to define the area of transition of the control that contains the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first and second cells.

79. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cells contains a means for determining whether the expansion of the area of the receiving cell by comparing with the previously determined values of the reception area.

80. The device according to p, in which the previously defined values are determined by taking into account the relative positioning of the first and second cells.

81. The device according to p, in which the previously defined values contain a value that is determined based on the relative positioning of the first and second cells.

82. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cells contains a means for modeling at least part of the square signal of the first and second cells, using the previously defined shape as the original model, at least part of the square receiving at least, one is th first and one second cell.

83. The device according to p, in which a previously defined shape represents the sector.

84. The device according to p, in which a previously defined shape is a circular sector.

85. The device according to p in which the module define the area of change of control includes a means for drawing a polygon representing the area of the change of control.

86. The device according to p in which the module define the area of change of control includes a tool to create forms area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between the first and second cells.

87. The device according to p, in which the shape of the area of the penumbra is a polygon.

88. The device according to p, in which the shape of the area of the penumbra is a triangle.

89. Device for monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, contains the module definition of the square of the change of control that is used to determine the square of a change of control, including the overlapping part of the modeled area receiving at least part one and part two of the cells of the cellular network, while the simulated area of reception is simulated based on the relationship between geographic the center positions and orientations of the first antenna of the first cell of the cellular network and the second antenna of the second cell of the cellular network, and the module that is used to collect information about the location of at least some devices, cellular communication, providing the picture of the transport stream at the current moment, in which each location perform, at least partially, given the value of the square of the change of control defined for the given mobile communication device, movable between predetermined first and second cells of the cellular network.

90. The device according to p, further containing module prediction picture of the transport stream based on the pattern of traffic flow at the moment.

91. The device according to p, further containing a database of values of the squares of the change of control, containing the previously defined values of the squares of the transition control for pairs of cells.

92. The device according to p in which the module determine the square of a change of control is able to access the database values of the areas on which control is transferred using continuously received from the cellular network data on the change of control.

93. The device according to p in which the module determine the square of a change of control is able to determine the values of the areas of transfer of control in real-time using continuously received from the cellular network data on the change of control.

94. The device according to p or 93, in which the data transfer control which may contain the identification information of the cell.

95. The device according to p or 93, in which the data transfer control contain information about the movement of time.

96. The method of determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, including the use of the algorithm for determining the square of a change of control, which probably is the mobile communication device when the network passes control to another cell from the active set of cells in which the definition of the area of transition of control is carried out on the basis of the effective areas of cells to multiple cells of the cellular communication from a set of active cells, and in which the determination of the effective areas of the first and second cells of the cellular network is carried out on the basis of the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of multiple antennas corresponds to the set of cells of the cellular network.

97. The method according to p, further comprising determining the area of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the received signal among multiple cells.

98. The method according to p, further comprising determining the first potential area of transition control by the intersection of the effective area of the first cell and the area of the penumbra; determining one or more subsequent potential areas by crossing the effective area of the subsequent cell area subsequent partial shade and definition smote the new area of transition control by combining the first potential area of change of control and each of the following potential areas of change of control.

99. The method according to p, further comprising determining the square of the transition of control of the mobile communication device by the intersection of many effective areas of the cells of the active set of cells.

100. The method according to p, in which the determination of the effective area of the cell includes the use of data about the identity of the cells.

101. The method according to p, in which the determination of the effective area of the cell includes the use of data about the movement of time.

102. The method according to p, in which the determination of the effective area of the cell includes the determination of the effective radius of each cell of the multiple cells, which are made active.

103. The method according to 102, in which the effective radius is defined as the radius of the cell having the form of a sector.

104. The method according to 102, in which the effective radius is defined as the combination of the distance between the first and second antenna and a constant coefficient that takes into account the relative locations of the cells.

105. The method according to p, in which the area of the change of control is determined taking into account the many effective areas of the cells, and one or more of the mentioned effective area model by extension, on at least one rectangle.

106. The method according to p, in which the area of the change of control is determined taking into account the area of the penumbra, and the definition of the area of the penumbra includes determining the location of Lin and equal intensity and determination, at least one region around the line of equal intensity.

107. The method according to p in which this area is asymmetric relative to the line of equal intensity.

108. The method according to p, further comprising issuing traffic flow data based at least partially on the determination of the square of the change of control.

109. The method according to p, further comprising collecting data from the cellular network to determine the square of a change of control.

110. The method according to p, further comprising collecting data about the location of vehicles from a variety of mobile sensors for issuing traffic flow data.

111. The method according to p, further comprising storing in a database information about the previously determined values of the square of the change of control for multiple cells and access to the database to determine the square of a change of control in response to signals received from the cellular network and switch control device of mobile communication in the space between the first and second cells.

112. The method according to p, further comprising determining the area on which control is transferred using the data received from the cellular network in real time.

113. Device for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device, including
the module determine the effective areas of each of the multiple cells is C the set of active cells and
the module determine the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device at the time when control is transferred one to another cell from the active set of cells in which the definition of the area of transition of control is carried out on the basis of the squares of the multiple cells, and in which the determination of the effective area of each of the multiple cells perform on the basis of the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of multiple antennas corresponds to the set of cells of the cellular network.

114. The device according to p, further comprising a module for determining the size of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between cells.

115. The device according to p in which the module define the area of change of control includes a tool to determine the potential area of control is transferred to the first cell by crossing the effective area of the first cell of the multiple cells with an area of partial shade; determine the potential area of control transfer to at least one of the next cell by crossing the efficient area of the next cell with an area of partial shade and define the area of transition of control of the mobile communication device by combining the potential areas of change of control.

116. The device according to p, to the m module define the area of change of control includes a means for determining the square of the transition of control of the mobile communication device by the intersection of the effective area of the first cell with an effective area of the next cell.

117. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for using data about the identity of the cells.

118. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the mean for the data about the movement of time.

119. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for calculating the effective radii of the first and the next cell.

120. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains a tool to determine the effective radius as the radius of the cell having the form of a sector.

121. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains a tool to determine the effective radius taking into account the distance between at least a first antenna of the first cell and the next antenna of the next cell and the coefficient is determined by considering at least the first cell and the next cell.

122. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for determining the value of the expansion cell.

123. The device according to § 114, in which the module determining the size of the penumbra contains means for determining the location of lines of equal intensity and ODA is dividing the region around the line of equal intensity, which should be part of the area of the penumbra.

124. The device according to p in which this area is asymmetric in width relative to the line of equal intensity.

125. The device according to p, further containing a data collection module for the information of the traffic system.

126. The device according to p, further containing a database for storing previously identified values of areas of control transfer, so that the database can be accessed when data from the cellular network in real time.

127. The method of determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first cell or group of cells to the next cell, comprising modeling at least part of the areas of signal referred to the first cell or group of cells and the next cell based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the first antenna of the first cell of the cellular network and the second antenna of the second cell of the cellular network, and determine the area of a change of control, containing the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first cell or group of cells and referred to the next cell.

128. The method according to p, further comprising determining availability of extension of the squares of the signal receiving one or bol is e of these cells on the basis of comparison with the previously determined values of the squares.

129. The method according to p, in which the previously defined area values determined taking into account the relative orientation of the first cell or group of cells and the next cell.

130. The method according to p, in which the previously defined values of the squares contain a value that is determined based on the relative location of the first cell or group of cells and the next cell.

131. The method according to p, in which the simulation of at least part of the square signal of the first cell or group of cells and the next cell includes the use of a previously defined shape as the original model, at least part of the square receiving at least one first cell or one cell and the next cell.

132. The method according to p, in which a previously defined shape represents the sector.

133. The method according to p, in which a previously defined shape is a circular sector.

134. The method according to p, in which the definition of the area of change of control includes the building of a polygon representing the area of the change of control.

135. The method according to p, in which the definition of the area of change of control includes the building of the area shape of the penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the signal received in the space between the first and second cells.

136. The method according to p, in which the shape of the area of the penumbra of t is made by a polygon.

137. Method of monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, comprising repeating the determining the location of at least some of the many cellular devices and collect information about the location of at least some of the cellular devices to determine the pattern of traffic flow, according to which the location of the mobile communication device of the multiple devices includes determining the area on which there is a transition of the control device, the definition of the square of the change of control based on modeling at least a portion of the areas receiving the signal of the first cell or group of cells and the next cell based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the antennas corresponding to the first cell or group of cells and the next cell, and determine the area of a change of control, containing the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first cell or group of cells and referred to the next cell.

138. The method according to p, further comprising a prediction of the pattern of traffic flow based on the pattern of traffic flow at the moment.

139. The method according to p, in which the definition of the area of transition control of what I do by accessing a database of previously identified values of areas for pairs of cells and a set of cells based on the data received from the cellular network.

140. The method according to p, in which the definition of the area of the transition monitoring is performed in real time using continuously received from the cellular network data on the change of control.

141. The method according to p or 140, in which the data transfer control contain information about the identity of the cells.

142. The method according to p or 140, in which the data transfer control contain information about the movement of time.

143. Device for determining the geographical location of the mobile communication device by determining the square, on which there is a transition of control of the device during its movement from the first cell or group of cells to the next cell that contains the module definition of effective area of the cell, used for modeling at least a portion of the areas of signal referred to the first cell or group of cells and the next cell based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the antennas corresponding to the first cell or group of cells and the next cell, and a module that is used to determine the square of a change of control, including the overlapping portion of the areas mentioned first cell or group of cells and the above-mentioned the next cell.

144. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area of the cell contains the means for determining the Oia availability of expansion space of the reception signal on the basis of comparison with the previously determined values of the area.

145. The device according to p, in which the previously defined values are given relative orientation of the first cell or group of cells and the next cell.

146. The device according to p, in which the previously defined values are those values that are defined taking into account the relative location of the first cell or group of cells and the second cell.

147. The device according to p in which the module determine the effective area contains a means for modeling at least a portion of the areas receiving the signal of the first cell or group of cells and a second cell using a previously defined shape as the original model, at least a portion of the areas receiving at least one first cell or one cell and the second cell.

148. The device according to p, in which a previously defined shape represents the sector.

149. The device according to p, in which a previously defined shape is a circular sector.

150. The device according to p in which the module define the area of change of control includes a means for drawing a polygon representing the area of the change of control.

151. The device according to p in which the module define the area of change of control includes a tool for building forms a square of penumbra around the line of equal intensity of the received signal in which prostranstve between the first cell or group of cells and the next cell.

152. The device according to p, in which the shape of the area of the penumbra is a polygon.

153. Device for monitoring traffic flow by successively locating a variety of cellular devices available in many vehicles, contains the module definition of the square of the change of control that is used to determine the square of a change of control, including the overlapping part of the modeled area of the receiving component, at least part of the spaces of the first and each cell and the next cell of the cellular network based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the antennas corresponding to the first cell or group of cells and the next cell, and a module that is used to collect data on a recurring location, at least some of the many cellular devices to build the current picture of the transport stream, in which the location of each mobile communication device is determined taking into account at least part of the square of the change of control, calculated by the module to determine the area of a change of control for the mobile communication device moving between a given first cell or group of cells and the next cell of the cellular network.

154. The device according to p, further containing module foreseeable, the project for a picture of the transport stream based on the pattern of traffic flow at the moment.

155. The device according to p, further containing a database of values of areas, including information on previously identified values of areas of control transfer for pairs of cells and cell set.

156. The device according to p in which the module determine the square of a change of control may appeal to the database values of the squares of the change of control based on the information about the change of control coming from the cellular network in real time.

157. The device according to p in which the module determine the square of a change of control is able to determine the values of the squares of the change of control based on the information about the change of control coming from the cellular network in real time.

158. The device according to p or 157, in which the data transfer control contain information about the identity of the cells.

159. Device p or 157, in which the data transfer control contain information about the movement of time.

160. The method of determining the geographic location of the mobile communication device, including the use of the algorithm for determining the square of a change of control, which is probably the mobile communication device where it may be monitored for more than one cell, the determination of the effective area for each of the two or more cells based on the relationship between geographical locations and orientations of the antennas corresponding to two or more cells, and determine the area of a change of control on the basis of the effective areas of the cells.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: physics, communications.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mobile communication engineering. Disclosed is a method of transmitting and receiving a multimedia broadcast/multicast service over first and second one-way channels configured for this service. Control information of the first and second one-way channels is transmitted to a mobile terminal over a control downlink, where the control information of the second one-way channel is based on control information of the first one-way channel. The type of radio channel (point-point, point-multiple points) which should be used for the first and/or second one-way channels is determined. Control information for tuning the radio channel is transmitted through the corresponding control channel (MCCH or DCCH). Data of the first one-way channel and second one-way channel are transmitted through at least one multimedia broadcast/multicast service traffic channel (MTCH, DTCH).

EFFECT: more efficient reception of service information by a mobile terminal.

21 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: method includes receiving information on location zone, establishing conformity between information on the location zone and information on the neighbouring cell to determine whether the cell belongs to a prohibited location zone, and preventing selection of the cell if it belongs to the prohibited location zone.

EFFECT: high transmission capacity and high mobility in situations when a wireless communication device can reselect or replace a cell with location zones in which the device has no access rights.

28 cl, 7 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: method includes receiving information on location zone, establishing conformity between information on the location zone and information on the neighbouring cell to determine whether the cell belongs to a prohibited location zone, and preventing selection of the cell if it belongs to the prohibited location zone.

EFFECT: high transmission capacity and high mobility in situations when a wireless communication device can reselect or replace a cell with location zones in which the device has no access rights.

28 cl, 7 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: method includes receiving information on location zone, establishing conformity between information on the location zone and information on the neighbouring cell to determine whether the cell belongs to a prohibited location zone, and preventing selection of the cell if it belongs to the prohibited location zone.

EFFECT: high transmission capacity and high mobility in situations when a wireless communication device can reselect or replace a cell with location zones in which the device has no access rights.

28 cl, 7 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a system for providing terminal mobility by using at least two different protocols for providing mobility, in which the gateway for providing mobility and the terminal share a common mobile communication session. Said common mobile communication session can be updated through any of the said different protocols for providing mobility, and during registration, each protocol for providing mobility provides the terminal with information relating to all other protocols for providing mobility. The invention also discloses the corresponding gateway, terminal and method.

EFFECT: combination of numerous technologies for providing mobility and possibility of maintaining integrity of sessions under these different technologies for providing mobility.

56 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining one or more periods of activity of a wireless communication subsystem, determining one or more periods of inactivity based on one or more periods of activity; synchronising operation of the RFID subsystem with one or more periods of inactivity; and launching operation of the RFID subsystem in accordance with one or more periods of inactivity to provide essentially parallel operation of the wireless communication subsystem and the RFID subsystem.

EFFECT: broader functionalities owing to possibility of coordinated sharing of the RFID subsystem and the wireless communication subsystem.

44 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: radio network controller (SRNC) decides, whether to adjust current channels E-AGCH (absolute permission of improved dedicated channel) and E-RGCH/HICH (relative permission of improved dedicated channel/indicator of confirmation of hybrid automatic request for repeated transfer of improved dedicated channel) in compliance with "Code Variation Indicator" E-AGCH and "Code Variation Indicator" E-RGCH/HICH, added into system of interface signals Iur. SRNC controller decides, whether DRNC controller is to be authorized to adjust current channels E-AGCH and E-AGCH/HICH in compliance with "Permission for Code Variation" E-AGCH and "Permission for Code Variation" E-RGCH/HICH, added into system of interface signals Iur.

EFFECT: elimination of technical problem, which is impossibility to control result of re-assignment of channels of absolute permission of improved dedicated channel or relative permission of improved dedicated channel-indicator of confirmation of hybrid automatic request for repeated transfer of improved dedicated channel by controller of radio network after movement of mobile communication device from cell controlled by SRNC controller, into cell controlled by radio network controller with frequency drift.

11 cl, 4 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: control device realises packet communication with mobile station and subdivides zone of coverage into a set of sectors for communication control. Besides, control device includes module of transfer assignment, selecting at least two transmitting sectors for transfer to mobile station in compliance with quality of reception communicated by mobile section, for assignment of transfer to mobile station; and transfer module using identical code of scrambling for identification of sector, to complete transfer to mobile station.

EFFECT: improved quality of reception and reduced delay in distribution control during soft switchover.

20 cl, 26 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: mobile station interacts with home centre of mobile positioning (H-MPC) to detect location in roaming, interacts with guest network to send data. Receiving a request of location detection, mobile station sends the first information, indicating its current network location, into home centre H-MPC, which detects service centre of mobile positioning (S-MPC) in guest network on the basis of the first information. Home centre H-MPC accepts address of service object S-PDE or assessment of mobile station position from service centre S-MPC and sends this information into mobile station. Mobile station interacts with service object S-PDE for positioning using address of service object S-PDE.

EFFECT: provides for support of location detection services in roaming.

51 cl, 26 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: several methods are provided to transfer information on possibilities of emergency calling between station and access point (AP) in wireless local computer network. Methods include the following stages: AP announces its possibilities of emergency calling, and station communicates its possibilities of emergency calling. AP may announce its possibilities of emergency calling in signal frame, frame of response to test, frame of response of repeated association or frame of response of repeated authentication. Station may announce its possibilities of emergency calling in frame of association request, frame of repeated association request, frame of authentication request or frame of repeated authentication request.

EFFECT: improved processing of emergency call.

19 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: physics; communications.

SUBSTANCE: description is given of a method and device for switching wireless terminal channels. For this, several communication channels with different physical characteristics are supported in the cell of the base station. Each wireless terminal controls several channels and evaluates several channels at the same time, such that, there can be fast switching between channels. Information on the quality of the channel is sent from each wireless terminal to the base station. The wireless terminal or base station selects the channel, based on the evaluated quality of the channel. By supporting several channels and through periodical changes in channels in different implementation alternatives, the time taken before the wireless terminal finds good or suitable channel conditions is minimised, even if the wireless terminal changes position. Several antennae are used at the base station for simultaneous support of several channels, for example, through control of the directional pattern of the antennae.

EFFECT: reduced delays before wireless terminal finds suitable channel conditions.

66 cl, 26 dwg

FIELD: physics; communications.

SUBSTANCE: during different set conditions providing source of sound for company service information as substitutive audio signal for call return, receiver can determine whether source of sound for service information for subscriber or set time interval is provided for. Present invention provides for a method and device for obtaining substitutive repeating audio signal for call return based on choice or successively in accordance with a preset condition.

EFFECT: provision for several substitutive audio signals for call return.

26 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics; communications.

SUBSTANCE: method consists of the following stages: reception of request for channel access from user terminal. Reception of the user terminal can be one of several active user terminals. The transmission cycle duration is determined as a result of reception of a request for channel access. The arrival time of data to the cycle is determined for the user terminal. The arrival time of data to the user terminal is set, so as to designate the channel for the user terminal, starting from the time of arrival of data.

EFFECT: reduced probability of collisions during transfer of data from different users.

31 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: method for assignment of band channel with adaptive modulation and coding (AMC) to subscriber stations (SS) is realised in wireless communication system, which separates full range of frequencies into multiple subcarrier bands, every of which represents set from previously specified quantity of subranges, every of which represents set of previously specified quantity of adjacent subcarriers. Method comprises the following stages: necessity in use of band channel with AMC is detected; quality of reception is measured in frequency bands; list of frequency bands with high quality of reception is formed; request is sent for assignment of band channel with AMC as well as foresaid list to base station (BS); response is received to mentioned request from BS; in compliance with response, changeover is done in SS in condition of use of band channel with AMC.

EFFECT: creation of flexible system that provides possibility for subscriber stations with proper condition of channel to realise high-speed communication with high throughput.

61 cl, 7 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: service center (SZ) for transmission of information content should not know or define number of person who initiates loading, and sole connection (TKV) of communication from communication device (TKG) to service center (SZ) does not require making another communication contact, at that information content is requested in the first communication session (SI1) with the first notice (SN1) about service from service center (SZ), and is delivered from service center (SZ) in the second communication session (SI2) with at least one notice (SN2) about service.

EFFECT: reduction of power inputs and use of hardware resources.

18 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises subsystem of all-channel signaling processing, data base subsystem, services processing subsystem and operational maintenance subsystem, at that all subsystems are connected to communication network and accordingly realise information exchange; at that all-channel signaling processing subsystem performs function of OKC-7 processing; data base subsystem is used for storage of user data; services processing subsystem comprises one or more modules for processing of home location register services; operational maintenance subsystem comprises operational maintenance server, services acceptance terminal and close-range terminal of operational maintenance.

EFFECT: provision of possibility to service user of several types of networks via system of home location register.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: in one version of realisation access network may assign group identifier (group ID) to every of pilot-signals associated with sector, for instance, on the basis of pilot-signals coverage areas, and transmit pilot-signals with appropriate group ID. PN shift may be used as group ID. Access terminal may group accepted pilot-signals in one or more pilot-signals group according to their group ID, and select representative pilot-signals from every group of pilot-signals for transmission of message about pilot-signal level. Access terminal may also use grouping of pilot-signals for efficient control of sets.

EFFECT: provision of efficient and reliable communication systems with multiple carriers.

32 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: wireless communication network comprises different base stations and subscriber stations. Every base station provides services of broadcasting content transfer to subscriber stations via communication channels of one of the following types: 1) common channel used by multiple subscriber stations, 2) individual channels, every of which is separated for use by separate subscriber station. In response to one or several preset changes of condition, i.e. change of number of subscriber stations that request the program, change of transmission power level used by base station, or in case of other change of network condition, communication channel type used for provisioning of broadcasting content to one or several subscriber stations is switched over.

EFFECT: delivery of broadcasting content with use of errors and individual channels combination, depending on whatever is more preferable in available circumstances.

5 cl, 28 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: one version of realisation comprises base station, which controls channel of speed indicator, decodes speed indicator channel with application of likelihood maximum decoder and determines availability of packet in speed indicator channel by comparison of probability to threshold, and analyses frame validity in packet-oriented channel on the basis of availability and content of packets accepted in speed indicator channel.

EFFECT: possibility to identify packets in speed indicator channel, high probability of good and bad frames identification in speed indicator channel and corresponding nonperiodical data transfer channel.

43 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: method and device are provided for provisioning of one or more communication services of point-point set type, such as multimedia service of broadcasting/multicasting (MBMS), to one or more mobile terminals, or subscriber devices (AA). When one or more mobile terminals are moved to new zone of mobile communication system controlled by other network component, after connection to service, information is transmitted between network elements by method.

EFFECT: facilitation of continuous service reception by mobile terminals that moved, preserving network resources and increasing efficiency of mobile communication system.

95 cl, 10 dwg

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